CN105344471A - Garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation - Google Patents

Garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105344471A
CN105344471A CN201510870193.0A CN201510870193A CN105344471A CN 105344471 A CN105344471 A CN 105344471A CN 201510870193 A CN201510870193 A CN 201510870193A CN 105344471 A CN105344471 A CN 105344471A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnetic separation
roller
conveyer belt
garbage
oscillating plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510870193.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张莹
高卫华
刘海滨
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Tianzi Environment Protection Industrial Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianzi Environment Protection Industrial Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianzi Environment Protection Industrial Development Co Ltd filed Critical Tianzi Environment Protection Industrial Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510870193.0A priority Critical patent/CN105344471A/en
Publication of CN105344471A publication Critical patent/CN105344471A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/16Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts
    • B03C1/18Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts with magnets moving during operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/005Pretreatment specially adapted for magnetic separation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/16Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding materials in bulk

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation. The system comprises a garbage dispersing device and a garbage magnetically-separating device, wherein the garbage magnetically-separating device comprises a feeding hole and a discharging hole; a vibrating plate is arranged inside the garbage magnetically-separating device; one end of the vibrating plate is articulated to the inner wall of a box body; a dynamoelectric vibration exciter is arranged at the bottom of the other end of the vibrating plate; air vents are uniformly formed in the vibrating plate; a hollow interlayer is arranged on the lower side of the vibrating plate and is communicated with the air vents in the vibrating plate; an air inlet of the hollow interlayer is communicated with a centrifugal fan by a hose; the garbage magnetically-separating device is provided with a conveying belt; idler wheels at the two ends of the conveying belt are respectively rotationally fixed on a frame by supporting frames; the idler wheel at the middle of the conveying belt is connected with a vibration output rod of the dynamoelectric vibration exciter; a magnetic separation roller is horizontally arranged over the conveying belt.

Description

A kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of garbage disposal, relate in particular to a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function.
Background technology
When processing rubbish, owing to containing multiple types material in rubbish, especially the magnetic materials such as some metals are comprised, these magnetic materials have higher recyclable recycle value on the one hand, if these metal magnetic materials are not removed clean on the other hand, have a strong impact on follow-up garbage disposal process, therefore need a kind of special concentration equipment for garbage disposal efficiently.
Due to rubbish, there is certain viscosity, not easily disperse, this has a strong impact on follow-up rubbish and carries out treatment process (generally including sorting and follow-up harmless treatment), especially the sorting process of rubbish is affected, garbage adhesion clumps together, cause the different garbage substances of multiple types to mix, thus affect quality and the efficiency of rubbish magnetic separation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function is provided.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
There is a refuse disposal system for vibrating feed and magnetic separation function, comprise rubbish dispersal device and garbage magnetic separation device,
Described rubbish dispersal device comprises a casing, the sidewall of casing is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, the inside of casing is provided with an oscillating plate, described oscillating plate is obliquely installed, one end of oscillating plate is hinged on the inwall of casing, is provided with Electrodynamic Vibrators (the first Electrodynamic Vibrators) bottom the other end of oscillating plate; Described oscillating plate is evenly provided with passage, and the downside of oscillating plate is provided with hollow interlayer, hollow interlayer is connected with the passage on oscillating plate, and hollow interlayer is provided with air inlet, and the air inlet of hollow interlayer is connected with centrifugal blower by flexible pipe; The top of casing is provided with a gas outlet, and gas outlet place is provided with screen pack;
Described garbage magnetic separation device comprises frame, frame is provided with conveyer belt, conveyer belt is made up of roller and belt, described roller comprises the first roller being arranged on conveyer belt two ends, and be arranged on second roller in conveyer belt centre position, first roller at conveyer belt two ends is rotatably fixed in frame respectively by support arm, and the second roller is connected with the vibration take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators (the second Electrodynamic Vibrators); A magnetic separation roller has been horizontally disposed with directly over conveyer belt, magnetic separation roller is rotatably fixed on the top of frame by rotating shaft, and magnetic separation roller is connected with motor by rotating shaft, magnetic separation roller and conveyer belt be arranged in parallel up and down, and the side of described magnetic separation roller is also provided with discharge bucket;
The discharging opening of described rubbish dispersal device is connected by conveyer belt one end with the conveyer belt of garbage magnetic separation device.
In technique scheme, the oscillating plate of rubbish dispersal device and the angle of horizontal plane are 15-30 degree.
In technique scheme, the distance of the bottom surface of the magnetic separation roller of garbage magnetic separation device and the upper surface of conveyer belt is 5-15cm.
In technique scheme, the motor of garbage magnetic separation device is fixed on support, and support is fixed in frame.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
Rubbish dispersal device opens Electrodynamic Vibrators and centrifugal blower, Electrodynamic Vibrators makes oscillating plate produce exciting, centrifugal blower passes into high pressure draught in hollow interlayer simultaneously, high pressure draught upwards sprays (because hollow interlayer is connected with centrifugal blower by deformable flexible pipe from the passage of oscillating plate, so when hollow interlayer vibrates, flexible pipe can follow hollow interlayer motion by distortion), after rubbish enters into casing from charging aperture, first high pressure draught dispels rubbish and takes away the moisture in rubbish, moisture is discharged (screen pack prevents rubbish solid from discharging from gas outlet) from the gas outlet on casing top, then rubbish drops down onto on oscillating plate, rubbish is impelled to disperse further by the effect of vibration of oscillating plate, and rubbish is discharged along the oscillating plate tilted from discharging opening equably, rubbish enters into the conveyer belt of garbage magnetic separation device after the discharging opening of rubbish dispersal device is discharged, when rubbish is carried on the conveyor belt, Electrodynamic Vibrators makes the garbage substance on conveyer belt produce vibration, described magnetic separation roller rotates simultaneously, by magnetic force, the magnetisable material in the rubbish on conveyer belt is adsorbed onto magnetic separation roller surface, and take magnetisable material rotation to discharge bucket, discharge from discharge bucket, owing to being in continuous vibrational state at the garbage substance of magnetic separation roller while magnetic separation on conveyer belt, garbage substance can be made fully to disperse by vibration, prevent the magnetisable material in rubbish and other materials from boning, or magnetisable material is embedded in below other positions and causes efficiency of magnetic separation low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein: a is rubbish dispersal device, a-1 is oscillating plate, and a-2 is hollow interlayer, and a-3 is flexible pipe, a-4 is centrifugal blower, and a-5 is Electrodynamic Vibrators (the first Electrodynamic Vibrators), and a-6 is charging aperture, a-7 is discharging opening, and a-8 is gas outlet, and a-9 is screen pack;
B is garbage magnetic separation device, b-1 is frame, and b-2 is conveyer belt, and b-3 is the first roller, b-4 is support arm, b-5 is the second roller, and b-6 is Electrodynamic Vibrators (the second Electrodynamic Vibrators), and b-7 is magnetic separation roller, b-8 is rotating shaft, b-9 is motor, and b-10 is support, and b-11 is discharge bucket.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function of the present invention, comprises rubbish dispersal device a and garbage magnetic separation device b,
Described rubbish dispersal device a comprises a casing, the sidewall of casing is provided with charging aperture a-6 and discharging opening a-7, the inside of casing is provided with an oscillating plate a-1, described oscillating plate is obliquely installed (angle of oscillating plate and horizontal plane is 15-30 degree), described discharging opening a-7 is arranged on the low side that oscillating plate tilts, one end of oscillating plate is hinged on the inwall of casing, be provided with Electrodynamic Vibrators a-5 bottom the other end of oscillating plate, the exciting take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators can drive oscillating plate to produce exciting; Described oscillating plate is evenly provided with passage, and the downside of oscillating plate is provided with hollow interlayer a-2, hollow interlayer is connected with the passage on oscillating plate, and hollow interlayer is provided with air inlet, and the air inlet of hollow interlayer is connected with centrifugal blower a-4 by flexible pipe a-3; The top of casing is provided with a gas outlet a-8, and gas outlet place is provided with screen pack a-9;
Described garbage magnetic separation device b comprises frame b-1, frame is horizontally disposed with conveyer belt b-2, conveyer belt is made up of roller and belt, described roller comprises the first roller b-3 being arranged on conveyer belt two ends, and be arranged on the second roller b-5 in conveyer belt centre position, the first roller b-3 at conveyer belt two ends is rotatably fixed on frame b-1 respectively by support arm b-4 that (one of them of two the first roller b-3 is active roller, active roller is driven by motor), second roller b-5 is connected (as shown in the figure with the vibration take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators b-6, the centre position of conveyer belt b-2 is provided with two the second roller b-5, the rotating shaft two ends of each second roller b-5 are connected with the vibration take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators respectively, so comprise four Electrodynamic Vibrators altogether, owing to being side-looking, so only indicate two in figure), the vibration take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators can drive the second coupled roller b-5 to produce vibration when vibrating, thus make conveyer belt b-2 produce vibration, a magnetic separation roller b-7 has been horizontally disposed with directly over conveyer belt b-2, the distance of the bottom surface of magnetic separation roller b-7 and the upper surface of conveyer belt b-2 is 5-15cm, magnetic separation roller b-7 is rotatably fixed on the top of frame b-1 by rotating shaft b-8, and magnetic separation roller b-7 is connected with motor b-9 by rotating shaft b-8, motor b-9 is fixed on support b-10, support b-10 is fixed on frame b-1, motor can drive magnetic separation roller b-7 to rotate, the direction of rotation of magnetic separation roller b-7 become with the direction of transfer of conveyer belt b-2 90 degree staggered, namely magnetic separation roller b-7 and conveyer belt b-2 be arranged in parallel up and down, the side of described magnetic separation roller b-7 is also provided with discharge bucket b-11,
The discharging opening a-7 of described rubbish dispersal device a is connected by conveyer belt one end with the conveyer belt b-2 of garbage magnetic separation device b.
During use, rubbish dispersal device a opens Electrodynamic Vibrators and centrifugal blower, Electrodynamic Vibrators makes oscillating plate produce exciting, centrifugal blower passes into high pressure draught in hollow interlayer simultaneously, high pressure draught upwards sprays (because hollow interlayer is connected with centrifugal blower by deformable flexible pipe from the passage of oscillating plate, so when hollow interlayer vibrates, flexible pipe can follow hollow interlayer motion by distortion), after rubbish enters into casing from charging aperture, first high pressure draught dispels rubbish and takes away the moisture in rubbish, moisture is discharged (screen pack prevents rubbish solid from discharging from gas outlet) from the gas outlet on casing top, then rubbish drops down onto on oscillating plate, rubbish is impelled to disperse further by the effect of vibration of oscillating plate, and rubbish is discharged along the oscillating plate tilted from discharging opening equably, rubbish enters into the conveyer belt of garbage magnetic separation device b after the discharging opening of rubbish dispersal device is discharged, when rubbish is carried on the conveyor belt, Electrodynamic Vibrators makes the garbage substance on conveyer belt produce vibration, described magnetic separation roller rotates simultaneously, by magnetic force, the magnetisable material in the rubbish on conveyer belt is adsorbed onto magnetic separation roller surface, and take magnetisable material rotation to discharge bucket, discharge from discharge bucket, owing to being in continuous vibrational state at the garbage substance of magnetic separation roller while magnetic separation on conveyer belt, garbage substance can be made fully to disperse by vibration, prevent the magnetisable material in rubbish and other materials from boning, or magnetisable material is embedded in below other positions and causes efficiency of magnetic separation low.
Above to invention has been exemplary description; should be noted that; when not departing from core of the present invention, any simple distortion, amendment or other those skilled in the art can not spend the equivalent replacement of creative work all to fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. there is a refuse disposal system for vibrating feed and magnetic separation function, it is characterized in that: comprise rubbish dispersal device and garbage magnetic separation device,
Described rubbish dispersal device comprises a casing, the sidewall of casing is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, the inside of casing is provided with an oscillating plate, and described oscillating plate is obliquely installed, one end of oscillating plate is hinged on the inwall of casing, is provided with Electrodynamic Vibrators bottom the other end of oscillating plate; Described oscillating plate is evenly provided with passage, and the downside of oscillating plate is provided with hollow interlayer, hollow interlayer is connected with the passage on oscillating plate, and hollow interlayer is provided with air inlet, and the air inlet of hollow interlayer is connected with centrifugal blower by flexible pipe; The top of casing is provided with a gas outlet, and gas outlet place is provided with screen pack;
Described garbage magnetic separation device comprises frame, frame is provided with conveyer belt, conveyer belt is made up of roller and belt, described roller comprises the first roller being arranged on conveyer belt two ends, and be arranged on second roller in conveyer belt centre position, first roller at conveyer belt two ends is rotatably fixed in frame respectively by support arm, and the second roller is connected with the vibration take-off lever of Electrodynamic Vibrators; A magnetic separation roller has been horizontally disposed with directly over conveyer belt, magnetic separation roller is rotatably fixed on the top of frame by rotating shaft, and magnetic separation roller is connected with motor by rotating shaft, magnetic separation roller and conveyer belt be arranged in parallel up and down, and the side of described magnetic separation roller is also provided with discharge bucket;
The discharging opening of described rubbish dispersal device is connected by conveyer belt one end with the conveyer belt of garbage magnetic separation device.
2. a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the oscillating plate of rubbish dispersal device and the angle of horizontal plane are 15-30 degree.
3. a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the distance of the bottom surface of the magnetic separation roller of garbage magnetic separation device and the upper surface of conveyer belt is 5-15cm.
4. a kind of refuse disposal system with vibrating feed and magnetic separation function according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the motor of garbage magnetic separation device is fixed on support, and support is fixed in frame.
CN201510870193.0A 2015-12-01 2015-12-01 Garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation Pending CN105344471A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510870193.0A CN105344471A (en) 2015-12-01 2015-12-01 Garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510870193.0A CN105344471A (en) 2015-12-01 2015-12-01 Garbage disposal system having functions of vibratory feeding and magnetic separation

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424095A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-22 无锡大功机械制造有限公司 Garbage extrusion treatment device swinging material transmission component
CN107470023A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-15 中山诺顿科研技术服务有限公司 A kind of garbage disposer of high efficiency
CN108940581A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-07 佛山市程显科技有限公司 A kind of concentration equipment with uniform spreading and feeding functions

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CN2036450U (en) * 1988-09-17 1989-04-26 沈阳市制锁厂 Separator for mixture of copper powder and iron powder
JPH06246183A (en) * 1993-02-19 1994-09-06 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Belt conveyor for separating non-magnetic metal
CN2201633Y (en) * 1994-07-27 1995-06-21 东北大学 Vibration combination fluidized bed drier
CN2295974Y (en) * 1996-08-21 1998-10-28 姜一军 Combined vibration fluidbed drier
CN202343319U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-07-25 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Magnetic separation device and garbage recovery machinery
CN205288687U (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-06-08 天紫环保产业开发有限责任公司 Rubbish pretreatment systems based on broken loosing for foreseeing magnetic separation function

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2610272A1 (en) * 1976-03-11 1977-09-15 Recon Corp Cutlery recovery from food leftovers - has conveyor belt mounted shunt rails for releasing magnetic parts and lateral walls on belt side
CN2036450U (en) * 1988-09-17 1989-04-26 沈阳市制锁厂 Separator for mixture of copper powder and iron powder
JPH06246183A (en) * 1993-02-19 1994-09-06 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Belt conveyor for separating non-magnetic metal
CN2201633Y (en) * 1994-07-27 1995-06-21 东北大学 Vibration combination fluidized bed drier
CN2295974Y (en) * 1996-08-21 1998-10-28 姜一军 Combined vibration fluidbed drier
CN202343319U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-07-25 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Magnetic separation device and garbage recovery machinery
CN205288687U (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-06-08 天紫环保产业开发有限责任公司 Rubbish pretreatment systems based on broken loosing for foreseeing magnetic separation function

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424095A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-22 无锡大功机械制造有限公司 Garbage extrusion treatment device swinging material transmission component
CN107470023A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-15 中山诺顿科研技术服务有限公司 A kind of garbage disposer of high efficiency
CN107470023B (en) * 2017-06-30 2020-01-21 广西荣途环保科技有限公司 Efficient garbage disposer
CN108940581A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-07 佛山市程显科技有限公司 A kind of concentration equipment with uniform spreading and feeding functions

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Application publication date: 20160224

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