CN105340501B - A kind of pulverizer - Google Patents

A kind of pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105340501B
CN105340501B CN201510910399.1A CN201510910399A CN105340501B CN 105340501 B CN105340501 B CN 105340501B CN 201510910399 A CN201510910399 A CN 201510910399A CN 105340501 B CN105340501 B CN 105340501B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pulverization cylinder
cylinder
transfer drum
impeller
auger
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510910399.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105340501A (en
Inventor
周元华
李美求
张善彪
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Yangtze University
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Yangtze University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201510910399.1A priority Critical patent/CN105340501B/en
Publication of CN105340501A publication Critical patent/CN105340501A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105340501B publication Critical patent/CN105340501B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/06Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges on a cylinder surface, e.g. of the helical-type

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pulverizer, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.The pulverizer by pulverization cylinder, transfer drum, transmit auger and throw cylinder and constitute;The side of pulverization cylinder is provided with charging aperture, and the opposite side of pulverization cylinder is provided with discharging opening, and pulverization cylinder is connected by discharging opening with transfer drum;Transfer drum is built with transmission auger;The screw-conveyer-shaft one end for transmitting auger extends to and throws in case, extends on the screw-conveyer-shaft thrown in case equipped with throwing blade.The mill structure is simple, and the disposable material crushed can meet the requirement for making plate and industrial crops plantation.Existing pulverizer is solved due to reasons in structure, the disposable material particles crushed are spent greatly, and operating efficiency is relatively low, production cost and the too high problem of cost of labor, is particularly well-suited to granular material crushing and uses, also can be supported the use with existing pulverizer, with positive dissemination.

Description

A kind of pulverizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pulverizer, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
With making plate industry(Wood-based plate)Development and industrial crops(Such as mushroom)The continuous expansion of plantation, it is therefore desirable to big The stalk particle of amount is used as the raw material of wood-based plate and the culture medium of planting fungi.Existing pulverizer due to reasons in structure, one Secondary property comminuting matter(Stalk)Granularity it is excessive, it is impossible to meet make plate and industrial crops plantation requirement, it is necessary to repeatedly circulation Crush, cause relatively low its operating efficiency, production cost and cost of labor too high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to:There is provided a kind of particle of disposable powder broken material can meet make plate and industrial crops plantation It is required that the pulverizer with multi-stage crushing function.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of pulverizer, it by pulverization cylinder, transfer drum, transmit auger and throw cylinder and constitute;It is characterized in that:Pulverization cylinder Side is provided with charging aperture, and the opposite side of pulverization cylinder is provided with discharging opening, feeding cylinder is provided with charging aperture, is set on discharging opening There is sieve plate;Pulverization cylinder is spaced shape and is provided with demarcation strip built with power transmission shaft, on power transmission shaft, and leaf is evenly equipped with the circumference of demarcation strip Plate, cutter tooth plate is fixed with the inwall of pulverization cylinder in symmetry shape, and the discharging opening side of pulverization cylinder is provided with transfer drum, and pulverization cylinder leads to Discharging opening is crossed to be connected with transfer drum;One end of transfer drum is provided with and throws case, throws on case equipped with throwing cylinder, transfer drum built with Transmission auger;The screw-conveyer-shaft one end for transmitting auger extends to transfer drum outer end, and the screw-conveyer-shaft other end for transmitting auger extends to throwing Send in case, extend on the screw-conveyer-shaft thrown in case equipped with throwing blade.
Described demarcation strip is pentagonal panel.
Described impeller is strip, and the surface of impeller is in arc-shaped, is provided with the impeller surface of arc-shaped multiple convex Rib.
Described fin is in eight shape.
Described cutter tooth plate is curved arc shape, and cutter tooth is evenly equipped with cutter tooth plate inner surface, and described cutter tooth assumes diamond in shape.Each impeller Between fin in dislocation shape set.
The advantage of the invention is that:
The mill structure is simple, practicality is good, once crush after material can meet make plate and industrial crops plantation It is required that, existing pulverizer is solved due to reasons in structure, the granularity of disposable powder broken material is excessive, it is necessary to repeatedly circulate powder It is broken, cause relatively low its operating efficiency, production cost and the too high problem of cost of labor.Meanwhile, the pulverizer has small power consumption, mill Damage it is low, and purchase maintenance cost it is low the characteristics of;Granular material crushing is particularly well-suited to use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is overlooking the structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is cross section structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of cutter tooth plate of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional knot A structure schematic diagrames of cutter tooth plate of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram of impeller of the invention.
In figure:1st, pulverization cylinder, 2, transfer drum, 3, transmission auger, 4, throw cylinder, 5, feeding cylinder, 6, sieve plate, 7, power transmission shaft, 8th, demarcation strip, 9, impeller, 10, fin, 11, cutter tooth plate, 12, cutter tooth, 13, throw case, 14, throw blade.
Specific embodiment
The pulverizer is by pulverization cylinder 1, transfer drum 2, transmission auger 3 and throws cylinder 4 and constitutes.The side of pulverization cylinder 1 is provided with Charging aperture, is provided with feeding cylinder 5 on charging aperture, feeding cylinder 5 is used for the feeding of material to be comminuted.The opposite side of pulverization cylinder 1 is set There is discharging opening, sieve plate 6 is provided with discharging opening;Pulverization cylinder 1 is spaced shape and is provided with demarcation strip built with power transmission shaft 7, on power transmission shaft 7 8, demarcation strip 8 is pentagonal panel.
Impeller 9 is evenly equipped with the circumference of demarcation strip 8.Impeller 9 is strip, and the surface of impeller 9 is in arc-shaped, arc-shaped The fin 10 of multiple eight shape is provided with the surface of impeller 9.Fin 10 between each impeller 9 is set in dislocation shape.Pulverization cylinder 1 Cutter tooth plate 11 is fixed with symmetry shape on inwall, cutter tooth plate 11 is curved arc shape, and the knife of rhombus is evenly equipped with the inner surface of cutter tooth plate 11 Tooth 12.
The discharging opening side of pulverization cylinder 1 is provided with transfer drum 2, and pulverization cylinder 1 is connected by discharging opening with transfer drum 2;Transmission One end of cylinder 2 is provided with and throws case 13, throws on case 13 equipped with throwing cylinder 4.Transfer drum 2 is built with transmission auger 3;Transmission auger 3 screw-conveyer-shaft one end extends to the outer end of transfer drum 2, and the screw-conveyer-shaft other end of transmission auger 3 is extended to and thrown in case 13, extends to Throw to be equipped with the screw-conveyer-shaft in case 13 and throw blade 14.
The effect of the impeller 9 of the pulverizer is to drive material to be comminuted to be rotated in pulverization cylinder 1, and the effect of fin 10 is By material dispersion to be comminuted, its lateral displacement is forced.
When the pulverizer works, transmission auger 3 and power transmission shaft 7 are rotated under the drive of motor, and material to be comminuted passes through Feeding cylinder 5 enters in pulverization cylinder 1, and in pulverization cylinder 1, material to be comminuted is rotated in the presence of impeller 9 in pulverization cylinder 1, During this, material to be comminuted is constantly collided with the cutter tooth 12 on cutter tooth plate 11, thus it is pulverized, when crushing material to design Entered in transfer drum 2 by sieve plate 6 during particle diameter, then entered by transmitting auger 3 and throw case 13, eventually through throwing blade 14 Thrown to designated area collection with cylinder 4 is thrown, thus completed the whole crushing process of material to be comminuted.
The mill structure is simple, and the disposable material crushed can meet the requirement for making plate and industrial crops plantation.Solve Existing pulverizer is spent greatly due to reasons in structure, the disposable material particles crushed, and operating efficiency is relatively low, production cost and people The problem of work high cost, with small power consumption, the characteristics of wear and tear low, is particularly well-suited to granular material and crushes use, also can be with Existing pulverizer is supported the use, with positive dissemination.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of pulverizer, it is by pulverization cylinder(1), transfer drum(2), transmission auger(3)With throw cylinder(4)Constitute;Its feature exists In:Pulverization cylinder(1)Side be provided with charging aperture, pulverization cylinder(1)Opposite side be provided with discharging opening, be provided with charging aperture into Barrel(5), sieve plate is provided with discharging opening(6);Pulverization cylinder(1)Built with power transmission shaft(7), power transmission shaft(7)Upper interval shape is installed There is demarcation strip(8), demarcation strip(8)Circumference on be evenly equipped with impeller(9), pulverization cylinder(1)Inwall on be fixed with knife in symmetry shape Tooth plate(11), pulverization cylinder(1)Discharging opening side be provided with transfer drum(2), pulverization cylinder(1)By discharging opening and transfer drum(2) Connection;Transfer drum(2)One end be provided with and throw case(13), throw case(13)Upper being equipped with throws cylinder(4), transfer drum(2)It is built-in There is transmission auger(3);Transmission auger(3)Screw-conveyer-shaft one end extend to transfer drum(2)Outer end, transmits auger(3)Screw-conveyer-shaft The other end is extended to and throws case(13)It is interior, extend to and throw case(13)It is equipped with interior screw-conveyer-shaft and throws blade(14);Described Impeller(9)It is strip, impeller(9)Surface be in arc-shaped, impeller(9)Effect be to drive material to be comminuted in pulverization cylinder (1)Interior rotation;The impeller of arc-shaped(9)Multiple fins are provided with surface(10);Fin(10)Effect be will be to be comminuted Material dispersion, forces its lateral displacement;
Described fin(10)In eight shape;Each impeller(9)Between fin(10)Set in dislocation shape;Described demarcation strip (8)It is pentagonal panel;Described cutter tooth plate(11)It is curved arc shape, cutter tooth plate(11)Cutter tooth is evenly equipped with inner surface(12), it is described Cutter tooth(12)Assume diamond in shape;
Its course of work is:
1), transmission auger(3)And power transmission shaft(7)Rotated under the drive of motor, material to be comminuted passes through feeding cylinder(5)Into Pulverization cylinder(1)It is interior,
2), in pulverization cylinder(1)Interior, material to be comminuted is in impeller(9)In the presence of in pulverization cylinder(1)Interior rotation, while passing through Fin(10)By material dispersion to be comminuted, its lateral displacement is forced;
3), in impeller(9)In driving material rotation process to be comminuted, material to be comminuted constantly with cutter tooth plate(11)On cutter tooth (12)Collision, thus it is pulverized,
4), when crushing material to design particle diameter when pass through sieve plate(6)Into transfer drum(2)It is interior, then by transmitting auger(3)Enter Enter to throw case(13), eventually through throwing blade(14)With throw cylinder(4)Thrown to designated area and collected, thus complete to treat powder The whole crushing process of broken material.
CN201510910399.1A 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 A kind of pulverizer Expired - Fee Related CN105340501B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510910399.1A CN105340501B (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 A kind of pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510910399.1A CN105340501B (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 A kind of pulverizer

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105340501A CN105340501A (en) 2016-02-24
CN105340501B true CN105340501B (en) 2017-05-31

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2390384Y (en) * 1999-07-30 2000-08-09 新疆联合机械(集团)有限责任公司 Stalks recovering device matched with machine for stalks crushing and returning to fields
CN2583962Y (en) * 2002-12-16 2003-11-05 郭忠平 Cutting and shredding device
CN203827754U (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-17 河北通田机械有限公司 Collecting machine for smashing straw twice
CN203896805U (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-10-29 石家庄市中州机械制造有限公司 Crop stalks secondary pulverizing silage machine
CA2829893A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-11 Highline Manufacturing Ltd. Bale processor with fan and side discharges
CN204443222U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-08 宣城市兴鸿生物能源有限公司 Straw millstone
CN205179827U (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-04-27 长江大学 Pulverizer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2390384Y (en) * 1999-07-30 2000-08-09 新疆联合机械(集团)有限责任公司 Stalks recovering device matched with machine for stalks crushing and returning to fields
CN2583962Y (en) * 2002-12-16 2003-11-05 郭忠平 Cutting and shredding device
CA2829893A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-11 Highline Manufacturing Ltd. Bale processor with fan and side discharges
CN203896805U (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-10-29 石家庄市中州机械制造有限公司 Crop stalks secondary pulverizing silage machine
CN203827754U (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-17 河北通田机械有限公司 Collecting machine for smashing straw twice
CN204443222U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-08 宣城市兴鸿生物能源有限公司 Straw millstone
CN205179827U (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-04-27 长江大学 Pulverizer

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Granted publication date: 20170531

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