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CN105334114A - Orthodontics arch-wire rebounding measurement instrument with bending radius adjustable - Google Patents

Orthodontics arch-wire rebounding measurement instrument with bending radius adjustable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105334114A
CN105334114A CN 201510737218 CN201510737218A CN105334114A CN 105334114 A CN105334114 A CN 105334114A CN 201510737218 CN201510737218 CN 201510737218 CN 201510737218 A CN201510737218 A CN 201510737218A CN 105334114 A CN105334114 A CN 105334114A
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CN
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wire
arch
mechanism
orthodontics
clamping
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CN 201510737218
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105334114B (en )
Inventor
姜金刚
王钊
张永德
韩英帅
王开瑞
郭晓伟
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哈尔滨理工大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses an orthodontics arch-wire rebounding measurement instrument with the bending radius adjustable. The measurement instrument is composed of a base, an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism, an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, and an orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism. The base is the installation reference of the whole device and is a rectangular block provided with a rectangular groove, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism is fixedly installed on the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform is fixedly installed at the position of the rectangular groove of the base, and the orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism is installed on the upper surface of the base. The orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism is composed of a rectangular block provided with a round through hole, an inner cylinder, an outer cylinder, a hold-down spring, a connection block, hand sliding blocks, an end cap and a fixed stud, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform is composed of an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism support plate, a shearing mechanism and a hand-operated leading screw mechanism, and orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism is composed of a step fixed die provided with an extending shaft, a step rotating die provided with an extending shaft, a gear (a), a gear (b) and an h-shaped digital display handle.

Description

一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪 One of the bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire meter Rebound

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,用于辅助正畸弓丝弯制机器人实现无余量弯丝的加工工艺。 [0001] The present invention relates to a bending radius adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument for assisting orthodontic archwire bending robots to process no margin bent wire.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,人们生活水平提高,越来越多的人关注口腔健康,进行口腔正畸校正的人也随处可见,正畸弓丝作为口腔正畸的必需品需求量日益增多,为此代替正畸医师弯制正畸弓丝的机器人应运而生,而正畸弓丝在弯制过程中发生弹塑性变形,特别是在机器人进行弯制时,需凭经验提供弯丝余量补偿,卸载后,弓丝发生回弹,使弓丝弯制精准性下降,是现存正畸弓丝弯制机器人很难克服且有待解决的问题。 [0002] At present, people's living standards improve, more and more people are concerned about oral health, oral orthodontic correction of people everywhere, orthodontic arch wire as the necessity of increasing demand for orthodontics, for instead of being physician abnormal orthodontic archwire bending robot emerged, the orthodontic archwire elastoplastic deformation occurs in the bending process, especially when the bending robot, for an empirically wire bent to provide balance compensation, uninstall archwire rebound occurs, the arch wire bending accuracy decline is existing orthodontic arch wire bending robot difficult to overcome and problems to be solved.

[0003]目前鲜有直接用于正畸弓丝弯曲回弹角度测量的装置,仅检索到一项关于口腔正畸弓丝弯曲回弹角度测量仪的专利201210398448.4,该发明在对正畸弓丝不同弯曲半径回弹性能进行测量时需要反复更换合适的绕弯模和弯曲手柄,操作繁琐,使用起来很不方便,且该发明采用弯曲手柄直接对正畸弓丝施加弯制力,属于传统弯制方式中的推弯法弯制正畸弓丝,弯制过程中,推动正畸弓丝转动绕支撑点转动的弯曲手柄与正畸弓丝发生相对滑动,在弯曲过程中势必对正畸弓丝外表面即发生拉伸形变的一面产生一定影响,从而影响正畸弓丝的自由回弹,影响正畸弓丝回弹角度的测量。 [0003] Currently there are few means orthodontic archwire bending springback angle measured directly used, only a retrieved on orthodontic archwire bending springback angle measuring instrument patent 201210398448.4, the orthodontic archwire to the invention different bending radii resilience performance requires repeated replacement when measured detour suitable mold and a curved handle, complicated operation, very easy to use, handle and bending the invention uses the direct force on the filament for bending the orthodontic arch, a traditional bending bending method orthodontic archwire bending mode, the bending process, to promote the orthodontic archwire is rotated about the rotation supporting point of the handle and the orthodontic archwire is bent relative sliding occurs, it is bound to orthodontic archwire during bending, i.e., the outer surface of certain impact occurs tensile deformation side, so that the rebound effect of free orthodontic archwire, affect the measurement of the orthodontic archwire springback angle.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,以辅助正畸弓丝弯制机器人实现无余量正畸弓丝弯制加工工艺,提高机器人正畸弓丝弯制精度。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide an adjustable bend radius orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument, to assist in the bending robot orthodontic archwire margin-free orthodontic archwire bending process, to improve the robot orthodontic arch wire bending accuracy.

[0005] 本发明解决技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0005] Solving the problem of the invention is used:

一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,由基座、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成;所述的基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面; One of the bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument, by the base, orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire lifts, orthodontic archwire bending digital agencies; the the entire base is a rectangular block with a rectangular groove, said orthodontic archwire clamping means fixedly mounted on the clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire lifting platform, said orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism lifts rectangular groove position mounted on said base, said digital orthodontic archwire bending means mounted on the base surface of the tile;

作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块、内筒、外筒、压紧弹簧、连接块、手滑块、堵头、固定螺柱组成;所述的外筒安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口大的一侧背向所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的固定孔a,所述的连接块的一端与所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,所述的手滑块有两个,所述的两个手滑块的长矩形块从两侧穿过所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽固接在所述的连接块侧面开设的矩形通孔上,所述的连接块的另一端与所述的压紧弹簧一端的固定滑块固定连接,所述的压紧弹簧两端的固定滑块安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的堵头与所述的压紧弹簧的另一端固定连接,所述的内筒带有外螺纹的一端从 Advantageously, the orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism of a rectangular block, an inner cylinder, an outer cylinder with a circular through hole, the compression spring, the connecting block, hand slide, plug, fixing studs composition; the the two rectangular tile with a guide groove circular through hole of said outer cylinder is mounted on said, the tapered through hole of the outer cylinder side facing away from the large opening is rounded rectangular block through hole fixing hole a, the tapered end of the through hole of the outer cylinder with said opening of said connecting block fixedly connected to the small end of the slider has two hands, the two long rectangular block hand from both sides of the slider through the rectangular block flanked defines a circular through hole of the slider guide groove hand fixed to the side surface of said connector block defines a rectangular through hole, the a rectangular block having two circular through hole connected to another end of said block and said slider pressing spring fixed at one end fixedly connected, at both ends of the compression spring mounted on said slider fixing rectangular guide grooves, the plug and the other end of the compression spring is fixedly connected, at one end of said externally threaded inner cylinder from 所述的外筒端深入所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块中,穿过所述的外筒、连接块、压紧弹簧与所述的堵头采用螺纹连接,所述的内筒手爪末端扇形阶梯卡在所述的外筒外侧,所述的堵头上的固定孔b与所述的固定孔a采用螺栓连接。 The depth of the outer end of the cylinder block with rounded rectangular through-hole, through said outer tube, the connector block, said compression spring and threaded plug connector, the inner cylinder gripper end of the outer cylinder sector stepped outside of the card, the fixing hole b of the head of the plug fixing holes a bolt connection.

[0006] 作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板、剪叉机构和手摇丝杠机构组成;所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板安装在所述的剪叉机构两对剪叉杆上方,所述的剪叉机构下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽内侧,所述的手摇丝杠机构固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽的外侧,所述的剪叉机构剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在所述的手摇丝杠机构的滑块上。 Orthodontic archwire said clamping mechanism; [0006] Advantageously, the orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism lifts the supporting plate is clamped by means orthodontic archwire, scissors and hand screw mechanism agencies scissors mechanism supporting plate mounted on the two pairs of scissor lever side, an end of the scissors lever underneath the scissors mechanism is fixed mounted in a rectangular inner groove of the base, the hand screw means fixedly mounted on the outer side of the rectangular base of the groove, the other end of the scissor mechanism shearing scissors fork rod is fixed to the bottom of said slider mounted on a hand screw mechanism.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模、齿轮a、齿轮b、h形数显手柄组成;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模固接在所述的基座矩形块的上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮a伸出至旋转中心孔上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮a采用键连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b伸出至所述的h形数显手柄上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮b采用键连接,所述的齿轮a [0007] Advantageously, said digital orthodontic archwire bending mold with fixed means projecting from the stepped shaft, rotational molding with a stepped projecting shaft gears a, gears b, h-shaped handle digital composition ; said stepped shaft projecting with a fixed die fixed to the upper surface of the rectangular base block, the fixed mold stepped shaft with the protruding shaft protrudes from the number h-shaped rotation center through hole penetrating the bottom surface of the handle and extending substantially through the center of rotation to a gear bore surface, the fixed mold having a stepped shaft projecting the significant number of h-shaped handle with a pin connection, the projecting stepped shaft with the fixed mold to said protruding shaft with the use of a keyed gear, said stepped shaft projecting the rotary die with the shaft projecting from the handle substantially shaped according to a number h another pair of through holes extending through the bottom surface and penetrating the gear number b to h on the display surface of the handle-shaped, with the rotary die of the stepped shaft and the projected number of h-shaped handle with significant pin connection, gear shaft and the projecting step b with a protruding shaft rotational molding using the linkage, a gear according to 所述的齿轮b啮合;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模在带动正畸弓丝绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模自转,采用滚弯弯制方式对正畸弓丝进行回弹性能测量。 Step rotation shaft of the mold with a projecting step with the rotary die in a drive shaft extending orthodontic archwire rotation about a step with the fixed mold while the projecting shaft; said gear meshing b rotation, manufactured using rolling curved manner orthodontic archwire springback performance measurements.

[0008] 本发明的有以下技术效果和优点: [0008] The present invention has the following technical effects and advantages:

1.通过滑动手滑块带动外筒运动控制内筒手指张开,通过压紧弹簧复位外筒控制内筒手指闭合,实现正畸弓丝的夹紧,结构紧凑,操作方便,便于更换正畸弓丝; 1. driven by sliding the slider in the outer cylinder hand movement control fingers open tube, the outer tube by pressing the reset spring fingers within the control cylinder is closed, to achieve the clamping orthodontic archwire, compact, easy to operate, easy to replace orthodontic arch wire;

2.通过手摇丝杠机构控制剪叉机构伸展,实现正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台平稳升降,纯机械结构,正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台受力均匀,使正畸弓丝相对正畸弓丝数显弯曲机构保持水平。 2. Hand control spindle means extending scissors mechanism, the clamping mechanism to achieve orthodontic archwire lifts smooth movements, purely mechanical structure, orthodontic archwire clamping force uniform mechanism lifts the opposite orthodontic archwire number orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism remains substantially horizontal.

[0009] 3.通过齿轮a、齿轮b啮合,保证带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时自转,实现滚动弯制正畸弓丝; [0009] 3. By gears a, b engaged gear, to ensure stepped shaft projecting with rotary die rotation about a fixed die having a stepped protruding shaft while rotation, effect a rolling bending orthodontic archwire;

4.通过手摇丝杠机构控制剪叉机构升降,从而调节正畸弓丝相对于带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的四个圆柱阶梯和带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的四个圆柱阶梯的相对位置,调节正畸弓丝的弯曲半径。 4. hand screw mechanism controlled by scissors elevating means to adjust the orthodontic archwire four cylinder with respect to step four of the fixed die and a stepped cylindrical rotary die with the stepped protruding shaft with the protruding shaft the relative position of the ladder, adjusting the bending radius of the orthodontic archwire.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1本发明的整体结构示意图; [0010] The overall configuration of FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;

图2本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构爆炸图; FIG orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism of the present invention is an exploded view;

图3本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构装配图; FIG orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism assembly of the present invention FIG;

图4本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台结构图; Orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism of the present invention FIG. 4 is a configuration diagram of the lift;

图5本发明的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构爆炸图; Digital orthodontic archwire bending mechanism 5 is an exploded view of the present invention;

图6本发明的弯曲正畸弓丝示意图。 FIG orthodontic archwire bending Scheme 6 of the present invention.

[0011] 图中,1-基座,2-正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板,3-带有圆形通孔的矩形块,4-固定螺柱,5-正畸弓丝,6-手滑块,7-h形数显手柄,8-齿轮b,9-带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模,10-带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模,11-齿轮a,12-内筒,13-外筒,14-连接块,15-压紧弹簧,16-堵头,17-剪叉机构,18-手摇丝杠机构。 [0011] FIG, 1 base, 2 orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism support plate, 3 a rectangular block having a circular through hole, the fixing studs 4-, 5- orthodontic archwire, 6- hand slider, 7-h number of significant shaped handle, 8 gear b, 9- step of rotational molding with a protruding shaft, 10 a fixed mold having a step projecting shaft, 11 gear a, the inner cylinder 12- , 13 outer cylinder, 14 connecting block, compression spring 15, plug 16-, 17- scissors mechanism, a hand screw mechanism 18.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 以下结合附图进一步说明本发明的具体结构及实施方式。 [0012] further described below with reference to the specific structure of the present invention and the embodiment of FIG.

[0013] 参见图1、图2、图3、图4、图5,一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪由基座1、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成。 [0013] Referring to FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, one of the bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument by the base 1, the clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts, digital orthodontic archwire bending mechanism. 基座1作为整个装置的安装基准,基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面。 A mounting base as a reference the entire apparatus, a base for the whole tile with a rectangular groove, a clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire in orthodontic archwire fixedly mounted clamping mechanism lifting platform, clamping orthodontic archwire elevator means fixedly mounted on said rectangular slot base position, the curved surface of the orthodontic archwire digital display means mounted on the base of the tile.

[0014] 正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块3、内筒12、外筒13、压紧弹簧15、连接块14、手滑块6、堵头16、固定螺柱4组成; [0014] clamping means orthodontic archwire from a rectangular block with a circular through-hole 3, the inner cylinder 12, outer cylinder 13, compression spring 15, the connecting block 14, the hand of the slider 6, plug 16, fixing screw column 4 composition;

带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的一端开设固定孔a3-3,带有圆形通孔的矩形块3内部从矩形块带有固定孔a3-3的一端端面沿圆形通孔轴线方向开设左右两个长条形导轨槽3-1,两个长条形导轨槽3-1并未贯穿整个矩形块,带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两侧开设手滑块导轨槽3-2,手滑块导轨槽3-2和所述的长条形导轨槽3-1相通; One end of the tile with a circular through-hole 3 fixing holes opened a3-3, tile 3 has an internal circular through hole having one end fixed to the end surface along the bore hole a3-3 circular through axial direction from a rectangular block defines two elongated guideway around 3-1, 3-1 two elongated guideway throughout No tile, the slider guide grooves 3 open hand sides of a rectangular block 3 with a circular through-hole -2, hand and communicating the slider guide grooves 3-2 of the elongated guide groove 3-1;

内筒12的一端为三个向外侧张开的手指12-1且手指末端有扇形挡块12-2,内筒12的另一端为空心圆筒且空心圆筒底部有外螺纹12-3 ; One end of the inner cylinder 12 is opened to the outside of the three fingers and the finger 12-1 scalloped end stopper 12-2, the other end of the inner cylinder 12 is a hollow cylinder and the bottom of the hollow cylinder has an external thread 12-3;

外筒13外部为带有左右矩形导轨的圆柱块,外筒13圆柱块的外径等于所述的内筒12手指末端扇形阶梯12-2的外径,所述的外筒13内部为锥形通孔13-1 ; The outer diameter of the outer tube 13 having an external cylindrical block approximately rectangular guide rail, the outer diameter of the outer cylinder 13 of the cylinder block is equal to the inner cylinder 12 of the finger tip the fan step 12-2, the interior of the outer cylinder 13 is tapered a through hole 13-1;

压紧弹簧15的两端带有压紧弹簧固定滑块; Both ends of the compression spring 15 with a fixed pressing slider spring;

连接块14为带有开设圆形通孔的圆柱块,连接块14的侧面开设矩形通孔14-1 ;手滑块6有两个,手滑块6外形为长短两个相互垂直的矩形块,手滑块的短矩形块的外表面有摩擦纹; Connecting block 14 is opened with a circular through hole of the cylindrical block, a side block 14 are connected defines rectangular through hole 14-1; slider 6 has two hands, the hand shape for the length of the slider 6 in two mutually perpendicular rectangular block the outer surface of the short hand tile pattern friction slider;

堵头16为带有圆形通孔的圆柱,堵头16的圆形通孔内有内螺纹16-2,堵头侧面开设固定孔bl6-l ; A cylindrical plug 16 with a circular through-hole, the circular through hole 16 internally threaded plug 16-2, fixing plug defines a side hole bl6-l;

外筒13安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两个矩形导轨槽3-1上,外筒13的锥形通孔13-1开口小的一侧与带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的固定孔a3-3同向,连接块14的一端与外筒13的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,手滑块6有两个,两个手滑块6的长矩形块从两侧穿过带有圆形通孔的矩形块3两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽3-2固接在连接块14侧面开设的矩形通孔14-1上,连接块14的另一端与压紧弹簧15 —端的固定滑块固定连接,压紧弹簧15两端的固定滑块安装在带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两个矩形导轨槽3-1上,堵头16与压紧弹簧15的另一端固定连接,内筒12带有外螺纹12-3的一端从外筒13端深入带有圆形通孔的矩形块3中,穿过外筒13、连接块14、压紧弹簧15与堵头16采用螺纹连接,内筒12手指12-1末端扇形阶梯12-2卡在外筒13外侧,堵头16上的固定孔bl6_l与固定孔a3-3通过固定螺柱4 The two rectangular tile guideway 3-13 having a circular through hole of the outer cylinder 13 is mounted on the outer cylindrical tapered opening of the through hole 13-1 13 side and small rounded rectangular block fixed to the hole 3 a3-3 with through holes, one end of the connecting block 14 is fixedly connected to the small end of the tapered hole of the outer cylinder through the opening 13, the slide 6 has two hands, two hands slider 6 the long sides of a rectangular block from passing through the rectangular through hole 14-1 flanked rectangular block 3 defines a circular through hole of the slider guide grooves 3-2 hand fixed to the side surface of the connector block 14 is opened, connecting block the other end 14 of the spring 15 and the pinch - terminal fixed to a slider fixedly connected, at both ends of the compression spring 15 is fixed on a slider mounted two rectangular tile with a circular guide groove 3-1 of the through-hole 3, blocking head 16 is fixedly connected to the other end of the compression spring 15, the inner cylinder 12 with the externally threaded end of a rectangular block 3 12-3 from the outer end 13 with a circular cylindrical through-hole depth, through the outer tube 13, connected block 14, compression spring 15 and the plug 16 using a threaded connection, the end of the inner tube 12 fingers 12-1 12-2 card sector stepped outside the outer cylinder 13, the fixing holes bl6_l plug 16 is fixed by the fixing hole a3-3 stud 4 接。 Access.

[0015] 正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板2、剪叉机构17和手摇丝杠机构18组成; 正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板2安装在剪叉机构17两对剪叉杆上方,剪叉机构17下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在基座的矩形槽内侧,手摇丝杠机构18固定安装在基座1的矩形槽的外侧,剪叉机构17剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在手摇丝杠机构18的滑块上。 [0015] clamping means orthodontic archwire lifts the clamp mechanism orthodontic archwire support plate 2, 17 and scissors mechanism 18 composed of a hand screw mechanism; orthodontic archwire clamp mechanism mounted on the support plate 2 Shear two pairs of fork scissor mechanism 17 pole side, the lower end of the scissors lever scissor mechanism 17 fixedly mounted on the inner side of the rectangular groove of the base, a hand screw mechanism 18 fixedly mounted on the outside of the rectangular groove of the base 1, shear scissors fork mechanism 17 beneath the rod end of the other scissor rod fixedly mounted to the slider 18 of a hand screw mechanism.

[0016] 正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9、齿轮all、齿轮b8、h形数显手柄7组成; [0016] Digital orthodontic archwire bending mechanism fixed mold 10 by the step, the step of rotational molding with a projecting shaft 9, gears all, gear b8, h-shaped handle digital protruding shaft 7 with a composition;

带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10由四个圆柱块阶梯组成,所述的四个圆柱块从上到下直径依次增大,所述的四个圆柱块的侧面相切与同一个平面且位于平面的同一侧,所述的四个圆柱块最上边的圆柱块有向上的伸出轴,所述的伸出轴上开设键槽10-1 ; Step with the fixed mold 10 by the protruding shaft is a stepped cylindrical block composed of four, said four cylindrical block diameter gradually increases from top to bottom, four sides of the cylinder block, and tangent to the same plane on the same side of the plane, the four blocks of the uppermost cylinder block having upwardly projecting cylindrical shaft, said shaft extending keyway opening 10-1;

带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模11由四个圆柱块阶梯组成,所述的四个圆柱块从上到下直径一次减小,所述的四个圆柱块的侧面相切与同一个平面且位于平面的同一侧,所述的四个圆柱块最上边的圆柱块有向上的伸出轴,所述的伸出轴上开设键槽9-1 ; The step of rotational molding with a protruding shaft 11 by a stepped cylindrical block composed of four, said four primary cylindrical block diameter decreases from top to bottom, four sides of the cylinder block, and tangent to the same plane on the same side of the plane, the four blocks of the uppermost cylinder block having upwardly projecting cylindrical shaft, said shaft defines a keyway extending 9-1;

齿轮all上开设键槽,齿轮b8上开设键槽,齿轮all和齿轮b8大小相等; Defines all the gear keyway, the keyway defines gear b8, b8 gear equal size and all gears;

h形数显手柄7整体成小写的字母“h”形,数显手柄上开设两对通孔,其中一对通孔作为h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔7-1,另一对通孔与h形数显手柄旋转中心通孔的中心距大小与齿轮all或齿轮b8的分度圆直径大小相等,数显手柄7上带有测量旋转角度的数显表7-2 ; h Shape and substantially the entire handle 7 to lowercase letter "h" shape defines two through holes for the handle on the digital display, wherein the rotation center of a through hole formed of through holes h as handles digital 7-1, a further pair of through h-shaped hole and the number of rotation of the handle substantially central through hole center distance or the size of all the gear pitch diameter gear b8 equal size, the number of digital measurement of the rotation angle of a handle with a significant 7 table 7-2;

带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10固接在基座1矩形块的上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴从h形数显手柄7的旋转中心通孔7-1底端面穿入并通过齿轮all伸出至旋转中心通孔7-1上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10与h形数显手柄7采用销钉连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴与齿轮all采用键连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴从h形数显手柄7的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b8伸出至h形数显手柄7上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9与h形数显手柄7采用销钉连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴与齿轮b8采用键连接,齿轮all与齿轮b8啮合,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴与带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴的轴心距为齿轮all或齿轮b8的分度圆直径大小,h形数显手柄7绕旋转中心通孔7-1即带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴中心旋转时,h形 Projecting the fixed mold having a stepped shaft 10 fixed to the upper surface of a tile base, a fixed mold having a stepped shaft projecting from a shaft 10 projecting h significant number of rotation of the handle-shaped central through hole 7 7- 1 penetrates and extends through the bottom end face gear to 7-1 all surface of the rotating central through hole, the stepped projecting shaft with the fixed mold 10 and the number h significant shaped handle 7 is connected using a pin, with the shaft projecting step projecting the gear shaft 10 of the fixed mold employed all bonds, rotational molding with a stepped shaft projecting from the other shaft 9 projecting h shaped significant number of through holes of the handle 7 penetrates and extends through the bottom end face gear b8 7 h to the upper surface of the handle the number of significant shape, rotational molding with a stepped shaft 9 projecting and substantially h-shaped handle 7 the number of pin connection, with a protruding shaft rotational molding step projecting shaft gear 9 b8 using bond, with the gears all meshed b8, the axis of the fixed die protruding shaft protrudes stepped shaft with the protruding shaft 10 of the rotary die with the stepped shaft projecting from the gear 9 or all of the gear b8 step pitch diameter of the fixed die size, h-shaped handle digital rotate about a center through hole 7 that is 7-1 with the rotation axis when projecting the central axis extends, h-shaped 10 显手柄7带动齿轮b8绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转,同时齿轮b8在齿轮all的作用下自转,从而带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转并同时进行自转,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的侧面与带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的侧面间隙恒定不变。 B8 significantly drives the gear lever 7 is fixed around the step 10 male rotary die with the protruding shaft, while the gear b8 rotation under the action of all of the gear, so that the shaft with the projecting step 9 around the rotary die having a stepped fixing shaft projecting mold 10 for rotation while revolving, rotational molding with a stepped shaft projecting side gap 9 is stepped sides with protruding shaft of the fixed mold 10 is constant.

[0017] 结合图1、图2、图3、图4、图5、图6本发明在使用时的过程如下: [0017] in conjunction with FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 during the use of the present invention are as follows:

首先,向后滑动手滑块6,使压缩弹簧15收缩,通过连接块14带动外筒13向后运动,使内筒12的手指12-1张开,将正畸弓丝5从堵头16末端穿过正畸弓丝夹紧机构,并从带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10和带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的间隙伸出;然后释放手滑块6,压缩弹簧15复位,推动连接块14和外筒向前运动,使内筒12的手指12-1闭合,夹紧正畸弓丝5 ;接着通过手摇丝杠机构18调节剪叉机构17,使正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板到达指定高度,选择合适的弯曲位置;最后,将h形数显手柄7清零,转动h形数显手柄7,带动齿轮b8绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转,同时齿轮b8在齿轮all的作用下自转,驱动带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转并同时进行自转,对正畸弓丝5进行滚弯弯制,弯制至目标角度后,记录弯制角度,再一次清零h形数显手柄7,反向转动h First, the slider 6 is slid rearward hand, contraction of the compression spring 15, the connecting block 14 driven by the outer cylinder 13 rearward movement of the inner cylinder 12 of the finger 12-1 open, the orthodontic archwire plug 16 from 5 orthodontic archwire through the end clamp means, and a gap extending from the step with the fixed mold 10 and the projecting shaft having protruding shaft rotational molding step 9; hand slider 6 is then released, the compression spring 15 is reset , pushing the connecting block 14 and the outer cylinder is moved forward, the finger 12 of the inner cylinder 12-1 is closed, the clamping orthodontic archwire 5; then scissors mechanism 18 adjusting screw mechanism 17 by hand, so that orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism supporting plate reaches the specified height, select the appropriate curved position; Finally, the digital-shaped handle 7 h cleared, rotation of the handle 7 h significant number of shaped, drives the gear step b8 about a fixed die 10 having a protruding shaft revolving while b8 gear under the action of rotation of all gears, rotational molding step with a drive shaft 9 extending around the fixed die 10 having a stepped revolving shaft and projecting rotation simultaneously, orthodontic archwire curved roller 5 after the system, to the target bending angle, bending angle recording, again cleared digital-shaped handle 7 h, h reverse rotation 数显手柄7,使正畸弓丝5自由回弹,直至不再回弹为止,h形数显手柄7所显示角度的大小与回弹角度大小相等。 Digital handle 7, so that the free resilient orthodontic archwire 5, up until no rebound, h-shaped handle digital display 7 rebound angle equal in magnitude to the size of the angle.

Claims (4)

1.一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,由基座、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成;所述的基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面。 An adjustable bend radius orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument, by the base, orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire lifts, orthodontic archwire bending digital agencies; the whole base of a rectangular block with a rectangular groove, said orthodontic archwire clamping means fixedly mounted orthodontic archwire lifting platform clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism orthodontic archwire lifting platform fixedly mounted on the rectangular slot base position, the surface of the orthodontic archwire bending digital means mounted on the base of the tile.
2.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块、内筒、外筒、压紧弹簧、连接块、手滑块、堵头、固定螺柱组成;所述的外筒安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口大的一侧背向所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的固定孔a,所述的连接块的一端与所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,所述的手滑块有两个,所述的两个手滑块的长矩形块从两侧穿过所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽固接在所述的连接块侧面开设的矩形通孔上,所述的连接块的另一端与所述的压紧弹簧一端的固定滑块固定连接,所述的压紧弹簧两端的固定滑块安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的堵头与所述 A bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument according to claim 2, wherein: said orthodontic archwire clamping mechanism by a rectangular block having a circular through hole, the inner cylinder, the outer cylinder, compression spring, connecting block, hand slide, plug, consisting of fixing studs; the outer cylinder is mounted on said rail groove two rectangular tile with a circular through-hole , the tapered through hole of the outer cylinder facing away from the large opening side of the fixing hole of a rectangular block having a circular through hole, the tapered end of the outer cylinder of said connecting block shaped through openings small end fixedly connected to the slider has two hands, the two long rectangular block slider from both sides of the hand through the two rectangular blocks with a circular through-hole hand side of the slider guide grooves opened on the side surface of the connector block rectangular through hole opened in said fixed, the other end of the connection block is fixed to said pressing slider spring fixedly connected at one end, said pressing ends of the spring is fixed to a slider mounted on said guide groove two rectangular tile with a circular through hole, said plug and said 压紧弹簧的另一端固定连接,所述的内筒带有外螺纹的一端从所述的外筒端深入所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块中,穿过所述的外筒、连接块、压紧弹簧与所述的堵头采用螺纹连接,所述的内筒手爪末端扇形阶梯卡在所述的外筒外侧,所述的堵头上的固定孔b与所述的固定孔a采用螺栓连接。 Pressing spring fixedly connected to the other end, said inner end of the outer tube with the thread depth of rectangular blocks with a circular through-hole from an outer end of said cylinder, passing through said outer cylinder, connecting block, said compression spring and threaded plug connector, the inner cylinder gripper end of the outer cylinder sector stepped outside of the card, the blocking of the fixing hole b of the head fixing holes a bolt connection.
3.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板、剪叉机构和手摇丝杠机构组成;所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板安装在所述的剪叉机构两对剪叉杆上方,所述的剪叉机构下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽内侧,所述的手摇丝杠机构固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽的外侧,所述的剪叉机构剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在所述的手摇丝杠机构的滑块上。 A bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument according to claim 3, wherein: said clamping means orthodontic archwire elevator mechanism supporting plate clamped by the orthodontic archwire , scissors and hand screw mechanism composed mechanism; said orthodontic archwire clamp mechanism mounted on the support plate of the two pairs of scissor mechanism scissor rod side, underneath the scissors lever mechanism scissor rectangular groove end fixedly mounted on the inner side of said base, said hand screw mechanism fixedly mounted on the outside of the rectangular base of the groove, the scissor mechanism scissors scissor lever below the other end of the rod is fixedly mounted on a slider according to a hand screw mechanism.
4.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模、齿轮a、齿轮b、h形数显手柄组成;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模固接在所述的基座矩形块的上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮a伸出至旋转中心孔上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮a采用键连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b伸出至所述的h形数显手柄上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯 A bending radius of the adjustable orthodontic archwire resilience measuring instrument according to claim 4, wherein: said digital orthodontic archwire bending mechanism comprises a fixed mold having a stepped protruding shaft, the step of rotational molding with a protruding shaft, gears a, gears b, h handle significant number of shaped composition; said stepped shaft projecting with a fixed die fixed to the upper surface of the rectangular base block, the said step having a fixed die protruding shaft extending through the shaft from the rotation center h of the number of significant shaped handle aperture extending through the bottom surface and penetrates to the center of rotation of a gear bore surface, said belt stepped shaft and the fixed mold extending substantially h-shaped handle according to the number of connecting pins employed, the stepped projecting shaft with the fixed mold and the protruding shaft using a gear keyed, said protruding shaft rotational molding with a stepped shaft projecting from the other surface of the bottom end of the through hole is substantially h-shaped handle number of the penetration and b projecting to the significant number of h-shaped surface of the handle by a gear, the mold has a stepped rotation shaft and projecting the significant number of h-shaped handle with a pin connection, with the shaft projecting step 转模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮b采用键连接,所述的齿轮a与所述的齿轮b啮合;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模在带动正畸弓丝绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模自转,采用滚弯弯制方式对正畸弓丝进行回弹性能测量。 Said gear shaft and projecting mode conversion using bonds b, b a gear meshing with the said gear; said projecting mold has a stepped rotary shaft is driven around with orthodontic archwire rotary die with the stepped rotation shaft extending rotatably fixed mold while the step of extending the shaft, the use of curved roller manufactured orthodontic archwire manner springback performance measurements.
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