CN105333546A - Cooling and heating system for double-deck residence - Google Patents

Cooling and heating system for double-deck residence Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105333546A
CN105333546A CN201510819405.2A CN201510819405A CN105333546A CN 105333546 A CN105333546 A CN 105333546A CN 201510819405 A CN201510819405 A CN 201510819405A CN 105333546 A CN105333546 A CN 105333546A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deck
layers
water
valve
heat exchanger
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Application number
CN201510819405.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105333546B (en
Inventor
张远
杨科
白井艳
徐建中
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Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of CAS
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Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of CAS
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Priority to CN201510819405.2A priority Critical patent/CN105333546B/en
Publication of CN105333546A publication Critical patent/CN105333546A/en
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Publication of CN105333546B publication Critical patent/CN105333546B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0096Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater combined with domestic apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0053Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground receiving heat-exchange fluid from a well
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/18Details or features not otherwise provided for combined with domestic apparatus
    • F24F2221/183Details or features not otherwise provided for combined with domestic apparatus combined with a hot-water boiler
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps

Abstract

The invention relates to a cooling and heating system for a double-deck residence. The cooling and heating system comprises a boiler heating unit, a solar heat collecting unit, a wind power supplying unit and a cooling and heating heat-exchanging unit. According to the cooling and heating system, traditional fossil fuel or straw or fuel wood can serve as an energy source, and auxiliary power supplying by combining solar energy and wind power is achieved to provide cold and heat for the double-deck residence. According to the cooling and heating system, unified cooling or unified heating of the double-deck residence can be achieved, and the energy supplying mode can be flexibly adjusted according to the different energy demands of different storeys, so that the cooling and heating system is efficient and flexible.

Description

A kind of refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence.
Background technology
Along with growth in the living standard, people also increase for the requirement of life comfort level, and warming, cooling in summer to be people pursue the most directly embodying of comfortable life.In the rural area that China is vast, by the restriction of the aspect such as geographical conditions, economy, central heating/refrigeration is difficult to realize, therefore the individual warming, air conditioning of the many employings of country residents be main mode regulate winter/the house temperature in summer, ensure the comfortableness in room.
In heating, coal-burning stove for heating is the important way of rural areas in our country warming, and rural subscribers can utilize coal-burning boiler, is main fuel with coal, is circulatory mediator, utilizes the equipment coolings such as radiator, thus realize the object of room heating with water.In cooling, air-conditioning is comparatively common one refrigeration instrument, and profit is driven electrically operation of air conditioner, is realized the extraction of indoor heat, thus realize the decline of room temperature by GM Refrigerator Working.
Although above-mentioned two kinds of modes can reach good heating/refrigeration, but its application cost higher (coal expense, the electricity charge etc.), can cause certain problem of environmental pollution, be not therefore a kind of reasonably heating/refrigeration modes simultaneously in the long run yet.And along with rural area life affluence, the double-layer residence in units of separate home get more and more, residence heating area is also increasing, so the energy of above-mentioned heating/refrigeration modes consumption will increase further, its economy also can be worse and worse.Therefore, how efficiently and heating/the refrigeration realizing home dwelling has economically become the major issue that vast rural households face.
In recent years, the renewable energy utilization being representative with solar energy, wind energy has become the important trend of field of energy utilization.The regenerative resource such as solar energy, wind energy cleanliness without any pollution, application cost is low, has at present and utilizes the multiple application form such as solar energy heating, wind power generation.In order to solve the heating/Cooling of rural area double-layer residence better, reduce the utilization of traditional energy simultaneously, the using value of further raising solar energy, wind energy, the present invention proposes a kind of refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence, for meeting the demand of rural area family to refrigeration and heating.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the shortcoming and defect of prior art, the present invention aims to provide a kind of refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence.This is system combined utilizes traditional fossil energy and regenerative resource (solar energy, wind energy), can according to the demand flexible modulation powered mode of different floor to different-energy, be one efficiently, energy supplying system flexibly.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes for its technical problem of solution is: a kind of refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence, comprises boiler heating unit, solar energy heating unit, wind energy supply unit, and refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit, is characterized in that,
--described boiler heating unit comprises the underground water well, well water pumping pump, boiler, the hot water water storage box that are connected successively by pipeline, wherein: described underground water well outlet is connected with well water pumping pump by pipeline, is provided with well outlet filter between the two; Described well water pumping pump is connected by pipeline with boiler water inlet, is provided with boiler feed water valve between the two; Described boiler delivery port is connected with hot water water storage box bottom water inlet by pipeline, is provided with boiler outlet valve between the two;
--described solar energy heating unit comprises solar thermal collector, and wherein: described solar thermal collector water inlet pumps the mouth of a river by pipeline and well water pumping and is connected, described solar thermal collector delivery port is connected with hot water water storage box top water inlet by pipeline;
--described wind energy supply unit comprises wind energy conversion system, generator, electric storage device, one deck variable speed fan, two layers of variable speed fan, wherein: described wind energy conversion system is connected with the generator be connected in parallel, one deck variable speed fan, two layers of variable speed fan by transmission mechanism; Described generator is connected with electric storage device;
--described refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit comprises one deck heat exchanger, one deck top coil pipe, two layers of heat exchanger, two layers of top coil pipe, wherein: described one deck heat exchanger and described one deck top coil pipe are connected in parallel by pipeline; Described two layers of heat exchanger and described two layers of top coil pipe are connected in parallel by pipeline; The parallel pipeline that the parallel pipeline that described one deck heat exchanger and described one deck top coil pipe form and described two layers of heat exchanger and described two layers of top coil pipe form is connected in parallel by pipeline.
Preferably, described one deck heat exchanger is connected by the outlet of pipeline with one deck branch pipe tee connection valve with the water inlet after the coil pipe parallel connection of described one deck top, and described one deck heat exchanger is connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after the coil pipe parallel connection of described one deck top; Described two layers of heat exchanger are connected by the outlet of pipeline with two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve with the water inlet after described two layers of top coil pipe parallel connection, and described two layers of heat exchanger are connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after described two layers of top coil pipe parallel connection.
Preferably, described one deck heat exchanger water inlet tube is provided with one deck heat exchanger entrance valve; Described one deck top coil pipe water inlet tube is provided with one deck top disc tube inlet valve; Described two layers of heat exchanger water inlet tube are provided with two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve; Described two layers of top coil pipe water inlet tube are provided with two layers of top disc tube inlet valve; Described one deck heat exchanger delivery port pipeline is provided with one deck heat exchanger exit valve; Coil pipe water outlet pipe road is provided with one deck top coil pipe outlet valve at described one deck top; Described two layers of heat exchanger delivery port pipeline are provided with two layers of heat exchanger exit valve; Coil pipe water outlet pipe road is provided with two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve at described two layers of top.
Preferably, described hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet entrance pipe is provided with hot water water storage box backwater valve; Described drainage pipeline is provided with water discharging valve and draining valve filter.
Preferably, an entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and an entrance of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve are by being connected with the delivery port on the left of described hot water water storage box after pipeline parallel connection; The connecting pipeline that an entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and one of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve enter delivery port on the left of the parallel pipeline of interruption-forming and hot water water storage box is provided with hot water water storage box heating outlet pump.
Preferably, another entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and another entrance of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve, by being connected with the delivery port of described well water pumping pump after pipeline parallel connection, connecting line are between the two provided with cooling inlet valve.
Preferably, described upper boiler exhanst gas outlet is connected with the hot water water storage box heat exchanger entrance arranged in hot water water storage box by pipeline; Described hot water water storage box heat exchanger exit is provided with boiler exhaust filter.
Preferably, described solar thermal collector water inlet is provided with solar thermal collector water intaking valve, and delivery port is provided with solar thermal collector outlet valve.
Preferably, between described wind energy conversion system and generator, be provided with generator side shaft coupling, between described wind energy conversion system and one deck variable speed fan, be provided with one deck fan side shaft coupling, between described wind energy conversion system and two layers of variable speed fan, be provided with two layers of fan side shaft coupling; Described electric storage device is connected with one deck air duct at top heater be arranged in parallel and two layers of air duct at top heater by circuit.
Preferably, side, one deck house air channel is provided with one deck tunnel inlet, and top is provided with one deck air channel top exit, and opposite side is provided with one deck air channel lateral outlet; Side, two layers of house air channel is provided with two layers of tunnel inlet, and top is provided with two layers of air channel top exit, and opposite side is provided with two layers of air channel lateral outlet.
From above technical scheme, advantage of the present invention is:
1, The present invention reduces the use of traditional fossil energy, reduce operating cost in guarantee system for while stabilizability, decrease the discharge of pollutant, its application advantage is more obvious in the long term.
2, the present invention takes full advantage of solar energy, wind energy resources, and what achieve regenerative resource and traditional fossil energy combines utilization, overcomes the application unstability drawback that single energy source exists, and makes user heating/refrigeration more reliable, efficiently.
3, the present invention can coal be energy source, can also utilize discarded fuel wood, stalk etc., thus reduce system operation cost further.Native system can be used for individual consumer, can also feasible region energy supply, is a kind of environmental protection, energy-saving system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, illustrate the present invention further, these embodiments should be understood only be not used in for illustration of the present invention and limit the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, the amendment of those skilled in the art to the various equivalent form of value of the present invention has all fallen within the application's claims limited range.
As shown in Figure 1, refrigeration and heating system of the present invention, by: underground water well 1, well outlet filter 2, well water pumping pump 3, boiler feed water valve 4, boiler 5, boiler outlet valve 6, hot water water storage box 7, hot water water storage box heat exchanger 8, boiler exhaust filter 9, one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10, hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11, one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12, one deck heat exchanger 13, one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14, water discharging valve 15, draining valve filter 16, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18, one deck top coil pipe 19, one deck tunnel inlet 20, one deck air channel top exit 21, one deck air channel lateral outlet 22, one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23, two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25, two layers of heat exchanger 26, two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28, two layers of top coil pipe 29, two layers of tunnel inlet 30, two layers of air channel top exit 31, two layers of air channel lateral outlet 32, two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33, solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34, solar thermal collector 35, solar thermal collector outlet valve 36, wind energy conversion system 37, generator side shaft coupling 38, generator 39, electric storage device 40, one deck fan side shaft coupling 41, one deck variable speed fan 42, two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43, two layers of variable speed fan 44, one deck air duct at top heater 45, two layers of air duct at top heater 46, cooling inlet valve 47 is formed.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 1, the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence of the present invention, comprises boiler heating unit, solar energy heating unit, wind energy supply unit and refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit.
Boiler heating unit comprises the underground water well 1, well water pumping pump 3, boiler 5, the hot water water storage box 7 that are connected successively by pipeline, wherein: underground water well 1 is exported and is connected with well water pumping pump 3 by pipeline, is provided with well outlet filter 2 between the two; Well water pumping pump 3 is connected by pipeline with boiler 5 water inlet, is provided with boiler feed water valve 4 between the two; Boiler 5 delivery port is connected with hot water water storage box 7 bottom water inlet by pipeline, is provided with boiler outlet valve 6 between the two.
Solar energy heating unit comprises solar thermal collector 35, and wherein: solar thermal collector 35 water inlet is connected with well water pumping pump 3 delivery port by pipeline, solar thermal collector 35 delivery port is connected with hot water water storage box 7 top water inlet by pipeline.
Wind energy supply unit comprises wind energy conversion system 37, generator 39, electric storage device 40, one deck variable speed fan 42, two layers of variable speed fan 44, wherein: wind energy conversion system leads to 37 mistake transmission mechanisms and is connected with the generator 39 be connected in parallel, one deck variable speed fan 42, two layers of variable speed fan 44; Generator 39 is connected with electric storage device 40.
Refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit comprises one deck heat exchanger 13, one deck top coil pipe 19, two layers of heat exchanger 26, two layers of top coil pipe 29, wherein: one deck heat exchanger 13 and one deck top coil pipe 19 are connected in parallel by pipeline; Two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top disc 29 pipe are connected in parallel by pipeline; The parallel pipeline that the parallel pipeline that one deck heat exchanger 13 and one deck top coil pipe 19 form and two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29 form is connected in parallel by pipeline.
One deck heat exchanger 13 is connected by the outlet of pipeline with one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 with the water inlet after coil pipe 19 parallel connection of one deck top, and one deck heat exchanger 13 is connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box 7 bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after coil pipe 19 parallel connection of one deck top; Two layers of heat exchanger 26 are connected by the outlet of pipeline with two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 with the water inlet after the parallel connection of two layers of top coil pipe 29, and two layers of heat exchanger 26 are connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box 7 bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after the parallel connection of two layers of top coil pipe 29.
One deck heat exchanger 13 water inlet tube is provided with one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10; One deck top coil pipe 19 water inlet tube is provided with one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18; Two layers of heat exchanger 26 water inlet tube are provided with two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25; Two layers of top coil pipe 34 water inlet tube are provided with two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28; One deck heat exchanger 13 delivery port pipeline is provided with one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14; One deck top coil pipe 19 delivery port pipeline is provided with one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23; Two layers of heat exchanger 26 delivery port pipeline are provided with two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27; Two layers of top disc 29 pipe delivery port pipeline are provided with two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33.
Hot water water storage box 7 bottom water return outlet entrance pipe is provided with hot water water storage box backwater valve 17; Drainage pipeline is provided with water discharging valve 15 and draining valve filter 16.
An entrance of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 and an entrance of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 are by being connected with the delivery port on the left of hot water water storage box 7 after pipeline parallel connection; The connecting pipeline that an entrance of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 and one of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 enter delivery port on the left of the parallel pipeline of interruption-forming and hot water water storage box 7 is provided with hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11.
Another entrance of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 and another entrance of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24, by being connected with the delivery port of well water pumping pump 3 after pipeline parallel connection, connecting line are between the two provided with cooling inlet valve 47.
Boiler 5 top exhanst gas outlet is connected with hot water water storage box heat exchanger 8 entrance arranged in hot water water storage box 7 by pipeline; The outlet of hot water water storage box heat exchanger 8 is provided with boiler exhaust filter 9.
Solar thermal collector 35 water inlet is provided with solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34, and delivery port is provided with solar thermal collector outlet valve 36.
Side, one deck house air channel is provided with one deck tunnel inlet 20, and top is provided with one deck air channel top exit 21, and opposite side is provided with one deck air channel lateral outlet 22; Side, two layers of house air channel is provided with two layers of tunnel inlet 30, and top is provided with two layers of air channel top exit 31, and opposite side is provided with two layers of air channel lateral outlet 32.Be provided with generator side shaft coupling 38 between wind energy conversion system 37 and generator 39, between wind energy conversion system 37 and one deck variable speed fan 42, be provided with one deck fan side shaft coupling 41, between wind energy conversion system 37 and two layers of variable speed fan 44, be provided with two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43; Electric storage device 40 is connected with one deck air duct at top heater 45 be arranged in parallel and two layers of air duct at top heater 46 by circuit.
Specific operation process is:
According to the difference of the condition such as weather, illumination, winter heating can adopt different patterns, mainly comprises the independent heating of boiler, the independent heating of solar energy, boiler and solar association heating, can realize wind energy auxiliary heating pattern simultaneously.Wherein:
When weather and illumination condition poor, when can only adopt the independent heating of boiler, boiler feed water valve 4 is opened, well water pumping pump 3 is by underground water well 1 groundwater abstraction, underground water enters well water pumping pump 3 after well outlet filter 2 impurity screening, transports after by boiler feed water valve 4 send into boiler 5 through well water pumping pump 3.Boiler 5 is burnt by fuel (coal, fuel wood, stalk etc.), the water in heating boiler 5.After rising to suitable temperature etc. water temperature, boiler outlet valve 6 is opened, and hot water enters hot water water storage box 7.To burn the thermal loss of final vacuum for reducing boiler 5, boiler 5 is vented first through the heat exchange of superheated water water storage box heat exchanger 8, transfers heat to hot water in hot water water storage box 7, filters subsequently, be disposed to air through boiler exhaust filter 9.
According to the difference of heating floor, the function mode of system is different.
When only ground floor needs heating, one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10 is opened, and a mouth of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 is communicated with b mouth, and c mouth is closed.In hot water water storage box 7, hot water transports via hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11, successively by b mouth, a mouth, one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10 of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12, sends into one deck heat exchanger 13.Hot water completes heat radiation in heat exchanger, ensures the temperature of resident family's one deck living area.According to its temperature, hot water after heat radiation can determine that it outwardly discharges or cycling and reutilization, when its temperature is too low, when not needing recycling, one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14 is opened, water discharging valve 15 is opened, one deck heat exchanger 13 discharges waste water through one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14, water discharging valve 15, and after filtering via draining valve filter 16, outwardly discharge; When its temperature is higher, when can recycle, one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14 is opened, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17 is opened, and one deck heat exchanger 13 discharges waste water through one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17, gets back to hot water water storage box 7 and realizes cycling and reutilization.
When needs improve one deck indoor temperature further, auxiliary heating process can be used.Now, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18 is opened, in hot water water storage box 7, part hot water transports via hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11, successively by entering one deck top coil pipe 19 after the b mouth of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12, a mouth, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18.One deck top coil pipe 19 is arranged in one deck air duct at top, and wind is entered by one deck tunnel inlet 20, and after the heating of top coil pipe, temperature raises, and enters in room, for improving room temperature by one deck air channel top exit 21 and one deck air channel lateral outlet 22.According to its temperature, hot water in one deck top coil pipe 19 after heat exchange determines that it outwardly discharges or cycling and reutilization, when its temperature is too low, when not needing recycling, one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23 is opened, water discharging valve 15 is opened, one deck top coil pipe 19 discharges waste water through one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23, water discharging valve 15, and after filtering via draining valve filter 16, outwardly discharge; When its temperature is higher, when can recycle, one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23 is opened, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17 is opened, one deck top coil pipe 19 discharges waste water through one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17, gets back to hot water water storage box 7 and realizes cycling and reutilization.
When only the second layer needs heating, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25 are opened, and a mouth of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 is communicated with b mouth, and c mouth is closed.In hot water water storage box 7, hot water transports via hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11, successively by b mouth, a mouth, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25 of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24, sends into two layers of heat exchanger 26.Hot water completes heat radiation in heat exchanger, ensures the temperature of resident family two layers of living area.According to its temperature, hot water after heat radiation can determine that it outwardly discharges or cycling and reutilization, when its temperature is too low, when not needing recycling, two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27 are opened, water discharging valve 15 is opened, two layers of heat exchanger 26 discharge waste water through two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27, water discharging valve 15, and after filtering via draining valve filter 16, outwardly discharge; When its temperature is higher, when can recycle, two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27 are opened, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17 is opened, and two layers of heat exchanger 26 discharge waste water through two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17, get back to hot water water storage box 7 and realize cycling and reutilization.
When needs improve two layers of indoor temperature further, auxiliary heating process can be used.Now, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28 are opened, in hot water water storage box 7, part hot water transports via hot water water storage box heating outlet pump 11, successively by entering two layers of top coil pipe 29 after the b mouth of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24, a mouth, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28.Two layers of top coil pipe 29 are arranged in two layers of air duct at top, and wind is entered by two layers of tunnel inlet 30, and after the heating of top coil pipe, temperature raises, and enters in room, for improving room temperature by two layers of air channel top exit 31 and two layers of air channel lateral outlet 32.According to its temperature, hot water in layer top coil pipe 29 of two after heat exchange determines that it outwardly discharges or cycling and reutilization, when its temperature is too low, when not needing recycling, two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33 are opened, water discharging valve 15 is opened, two layers of top coil pipe 29 discharge waste water through two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33, water discharging valve 15, and after filtering via draining valve filter 16, outwardly discharge; When its temperature is higher, when can recycle, two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33 are opened, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17 is opened, two layers of top coil pipe 29 discharge waste water through two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33, hot water water storage box backwater valve 17, get back to hot water water storage box 7 and realize cycling and reutilization.
When ground floor and the second layer need heating simultaneously, can according to the heating needs of one deck and two layers, flexible control and adjustment one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25, the aperture of two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28, utilize one deck heat exchanger 13, one deck top coil pipe 19, two layers of heat exchanger 26, two layers of top coil pipe 29 realize the selective heating in room, namely there is the associating heating of one deck heat exchanger 13 and two layers of heat exchanger 26, the associating heating of one deck top coil pipe 19 and two layers of top coil pipe 29, one deck heat exchanger 13, the associating heating of one deck top coil pipe 19 and two layers of heat exchanger 26, one deck top coil pipe 19, the multiple Heat production such as the associating heating of two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29.
When weather and illumination condition good, when can realize the independent heating of solar energy, solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34 is opened, well water pumping pump 3 is by underground water well 1 groundwater abstraction, underground water enters well water pumping pump 3 after well outlet filter 2 impurity screening, transports after by solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34 enter solar thermal collector 35 through well water pumping pump 3.After heating up in solar thermal collector 35, solar thermal collector outlet valve 36 is opened, and hot water enters hot water water storage box 7.When heating pattern subsequently and the independent heating of boiler, adoptable heating pattern is completely the same.
When weather and illumination condition are general, boiler and solar association heating pattern can be adopted.Now, boiler feed water valve 4, solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34 are all opened, well water pumping pump 3 is by underground water well 1 groundwater abstraction, underground water enters well water pumping pump 3 after well outlet filter 2 impurity screening, transports after respectively by boiler feed water valve 4, solar thermal collector water intaking valve 34 and sends into boiler 5, solar thermal collector 35 carries out heat temperature raising through well water pumping pump 3.According to the heating temperature of user's request, can based on the attainable heating position of solar energy, the fuel supply of adjustment boiler 5, controls boiler 5 and supplies to the hot water temperature of hot water water storage box 7.Hot water after heating enters hot water water storage box 7 via the boiler outlet valve 6 opened, solar thermal collector outlet valve 36 respectively, and for the selective heating of user.When heating pattern subsequently and the independent heating of boiler, adoptable heating pattern is completely the same.
In addition, for ensureing the warm braw temperature entered in room, wind power system auxiliary heating can be utilized.House outer setting has wind energy conversion system 37, and wind energy conversion system 37 can be used for generating accumulate and drives indoor fan.When not needing heating or power supply, wind energy conversion system 37 can be used for accumulate, now generator side shaft coupling 38 works, one deck fan side shaft coupling 41 and two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43 disconnect, wind energy conversion system 37 rotates the mechanical energy produced and passes to generator 39 by generator side shaft coupling 38, and generator 39 generates electricity and is stored in electric storage device 40, when needs wind energy conversion system 37 drives indoor fan to strengthen heating, according to the needs in different floor room, one deck fan side shaft coupling 41 and (or) two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43 work, generator side shaft coupling 38 disconnects, wind energy conversion system 37 rotates the mechanical energy produced and passes to one deck variable speed fan 42 and (or) two layers of variable speed fan 44 by one deck fan side shaft coupling 41 and (or) two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43, one deck variable speed fan 42 and (or) two layers of variable speed fan 44 strengthen air flowing in one deck air duct at top and (or) two layers of air duct at top and heat transmission by speed governing rotary air-blow, promote the air themperature entering one deck room and (or) two layers of room.When the air in one deck air duct at top and (or) two layers of air duct at top needs to heat up further, the electric energy more than needed stored in electric storage device 40 can be utilized to drive one deck air duct at top heater 45 and (or) two layers of air duct at top heater 46 to work, utilize air in electrical heating heating air duct, promote air themperature in air channel further.
The cooling in summer of system mainly utilizes temperature lower ground to descend water to realize.According to the difference of floor, the function mode of system is different.
When ground floor room needs refrigeration cool-down, a mouth of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 is communicated with c mouth, and b mouth is closed.Now cooling inlet valve 47 is opened, one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10 is opened, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18 is opened, well water pumping pump 3 is by underground water well 1 groundwater abstraction, underground water enters well water pumping pump 3 after well outlet filter 2 impurity screening, transport after by the c mouth of cooling inlet valve 47, one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12, a mouth through well water pumping pump 3, send into one deck heat exchanger 13, one deck top coil pipe 19 respectively through one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18.Temperature lower ground descends water to carry out exchange heat with room air in one deck heat exchanger 13 and one deck top coil pipe 19, reduces indoor temperature.When the water temperature in one deck heat exchanger 13 and one deck top coil pipe 19 raises, refrigeration declines, one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14, one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23, water discharging valve 15 are opened, water in one deck heat exchanger 13 and one deck top coil pipe 19 is respectively through one deck heat exchanger exit valve 14, one deck top coil pipe outlet valve 23, again through water discharging valve 15, filter rear external discharge via draining valve filter 16.
When needs improve ground floor room refrigeration cool-down effect further, one deck fan side shaft coupling 41 works, wind energy conversion system 37 drives one deck variable speed fan 42 to run by one deck fan side shaft coupling 41, heat transfer process in strengthening one deck air duct at top, the air themperature that further reduction one deck air channel top exit 21 and one deck air channel lateral outlet 22 are discharged, and then reduce indoor temperature.
When second layer room needs refrigeration cool-down, a mouth of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 is communicated with c mouth, and b mouth is closed.Now cooling inlet valve 47 is opened, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve, 25, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28 are opened, well water pumping pump 3 is by underground water well 1 groundwater abstraction, underground water enters well water pumping pump 3 after well outlet filter 2 impurity screening, transport after by the c mouth of cooling inlet valve 47, two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24, a mouth through well water pumping pump 3, send into two layers of heat exchanger, 26, two layers of top coil pipe 29 respectively through two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve, 25, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28.Temperature lower ground descends water to carry out exchange heat with room air in two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29, reduces indoor temperature.When the water temperature in two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29 raises, refrigeration declines, two layers of heat exchanger exit valve 27, two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33, water discharging valve 15 are opened, water in two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29 is respectively through two layers of heat exchanger exit valve, 27, two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve 33, again through water discharging valve 15, filter rear external discharge via draining valve filter 16.
When needs improve second layer room refrigeration cool-down effect further, two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43 work, wind energy conversion system 37 drives two layers of variable speed fan 44 to run by two layers of fan side shaft coupling 43, strengthen the heat transfer process in two layers of air duct at top, the air themperature that further reduction by two layers of air channel top exit 31 and two layers of air channel lateral outlet 32 are discharged, and then reduce indoor temperature.
When ground floor and the second layer need to freeze simultaneously, can according to the refrigeration needs of one deck and two layers, flexible control and regulate the aperture of one deck heat exchanger entrance valve 10, one deck top disc tube inlet valve 18, two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve 25, two layers of top disc tube inlet valve 28, utilizes one deck heat exchanger 13, selective refrigeration that one deck top coil pipe 19, two layers of heat exchanger 26, two layers of top coil pipe 29 realize room.Namely there is the joint refrigeration of one deck heat exchanger 13 and two layers of heat exchanger 26, the joint refrigeration of one deck top coil pipe 19 and two layers of top coil pipe 29, the joint refrigeration of one deck heat exchanger 13, one deck top coil pipe 19 and two layers of heat exchanger 26, the multiple refrigeration forms such as the joint refrigeration of one deck top coil pipe 19, two layers of heat exchanger 26 and two layers of top coil pipe 29.
Except above-mentioned conventional heating and refrigeration mode, when the refrigeration and heating when resident family to house exists specific demand, as the two layers of heating simultaneously of one deck refrigeration, or the while of one deck heating during two layers of refrigeration, this system can also be utilized to realize.For the user's request of one deck refrigeration two layers of heating simultaneously, now a mouth of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 is communicated with c mouth, and b mouth is closed, and a mouth of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 is communicated with b mouth, c mouth is closed, and concrete refrigeration and heating process can with reference to above-mentioned common heating and refrigeration mode.For one deck heating two layers of user's request of freezing simultaneously, now a mouth of one deck branch pipe tee connection valve 12 is communicated with b mouth, and c mouth is closed, and a mouth of two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve 24 is communicated with c mouth, b mouth is closed, and concrete refrigeration and heating process can with reference to above-mentioned common heating and refrigeration mode.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a refrigeration and heating system for double-layer residence, comprises boiler heating unit, solar energy heating unit, wind energy supply unit and refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit, it is characterized in that,
--described boiler heating unit comprises the underground water well, well water pumping pump, boiler, the hot water water storage box that are connected successively by pipeline, wherein: described underground water well outlet is connected with well water pumping pump by pipeline, is provided with well outlet filter between the two; Described well water pumping pump is connected by pipeline with boiler water inlet, is provided with boiler feed water valve between the two; Described boiler delivery port is connected with hot water water storage box bottom water inlet by pipeline, is provided with boiler outlet valve between the two;
--described solar energy heating unit comprises solar thermal collector, and wherein: described solar thermal collector water inlet pumps the mouth of a river by pipeline and well water pumping and is connected, described solar thermal collector delivery port is connected with described hot water water storage box top water inlet by pipeline;
--described wind energy supply unit comprises wind energy conversion system, generator, electric storage device, one deck variable speed fan, two layers of variable speed fan, wherein: described wind energy conversion system is connected with the generator be connected in parallel, one deck variable speed fan, two layers of variable speed fan by transmission mechanism; Described generator is connected with electric storage device;
--described refrigeration and heating heat exchange unit comprises one deck heat exchanger, one deck top coil pipe, two layers of heat exchanger, two layers of top coil pipe, wherein: described one deck heat exchanger and described one deck top coil pipe are connected in parallel by pipeline; Described two layers of heat exchanger and described two layers of top coil pipe are connected in parallel by pipeline; The parallel pipeline that the parallel pipeline that described one deck heat exchanger and described one deck top coil pipe form and described two layers of heat exchanger and described two layers of top coil pipe form is connected in parallel by pipeline.
2. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described one deck heat exchanger is connected by the outlet of pipeline with one deck branch pipe tee connection valve with the water inlet after the coil pipe parallel connection of described one deck top, and described one deck heat exchanger is connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after the coil pipe parallel connection of described one deck top; Described two layers of heat exchanger are connected by the outlet of pipeline with two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve with the water inlet after described two layers of top coil pipe parallel connection, and described two layers of heat exchanger are connected with drainage pipeline water inlet with hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet in parallel by pipeline with the delivery port after described two layers of top coil pipe parallel connection.
3. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described one deck heat exchanger water inlet tube is provided with one deck heat exchanger entrance valve; Described one deck top coil pipe water inlet tube is provided with one deck top disc tube inlet valve; Described two layers of heat exchanger water inlet tube are provided with two layers of heat exchanger entrance valve; Described two layers of top coil pipe water inlet tube are provided with two layers of top disc tube inlet valve; Described one deck heat exchanger delivery port pipeline is provided with one deck heat exchanger exit valve; Coil pipe water outlet pipe road is provided with one deck top coil pipe outlet valve at described one deck top; Described two layers of heat exchanger delivery port pipeline are provided with two layers of heat exchanger exit valve; Coil pipe water outlet pipe road is provided with two layers of top coil pipe outlet valve at described two layers of top.
4. the refrigeration and heating system of the double-layer residence according to the claims, is characterized in that, described hot water water storage box bottom water return outlet entrance pipe is provided with hot water water storage box backwater valve; Described drainage pipeline is provided with water discharging valve and draining valve filter.
5. the refrigeration and heating system of the double-layer residence according to the claims, it is characterized in that, an entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and an entrance of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve are by being connected with the delivery port on the left of described hot water water storage box after pipeline parallel connection; The connecting pipeline that an entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and one of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve enter delivery port on the left of the parallel pipeline of interruption-forming and hot water water storage box is provided with hot water water storage box heating outlet pump.
6. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, another entrance of described one deck branch pipe tee connection valve and another entrance of described two layers of branch pipe tee connection valve, by being connected with the delivery port of described well water pumping pump after pipeline parallel connection, connecting line are between the two provided with cooling inlet valve.
7. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described upper boiler exhanst gas outlet is connected with the hot water water storage box heat exchanger entrance arranged in hot water water storage box by pipeline; Described hot water water storage box heat exchanger exit is provided with boiler exhaust filter.
8. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described solar thermal collector water inlet is provided with solar thermal collector water intaking valve, and delivery port is provided with solar thermal collector outlet valve.
9. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 1, is characterized in that, side, one deck house air channel is provided with one deck tunnel inlet, and top is provided with one deck air channel top exit, and opposite side is provided with one deck air channel lateral outlet; Side, two layers of house air channel is provided with two layers of tunnel inlet, and top is provided with two layers of air channel top exit, and opposite side is provided with two layers of air channel lateral outlet.
10. the refrigeration and heating system of double-layer residence according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, generator side shaft coupling is provided with between described wind energy conversion system and generator, be provided with one deck fan side shaft coupling between described wind energy conversion system and one deck variable speed fan, between described wind energy conversion system and two layers of variable speed fan, be provided with two layers of fan side shaft coupling; Described electric storage device is connected with one deck air duct at top heater be arranged in parallel and two layers of air duct at top heater by circuit.
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