CN105329388A - Electric balance car - Google Patents

Electric balance car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105329388A
CN105329388A CN201510872445.3A CN201510872445A CN105329388A CN 105329388 A CN105329388 A CN 105329388A CN 201510872445 A CN201510872445 A CN 201510872445A CN 105329388 A CN105329388 A CN 105329388A
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CN
China
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described
wheel
drive
drive motor
center
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CN201510872445.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
应佳伟
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杭州骑客智能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510872445.3A priority Critical patent/CN105329388A/en
Publication of CN105329388A publication Critical patent/CN105329388A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an electric balance car which comprises a car body, multiple wheels, a power supply device and a control mechanism. The car body comprises a flat-plate-shaped foot pedal and a supporting framework arranged under the foot pedal, wherein a sensing switch is arranged on the foot pedal and is connected between the power supply device and the control mechanism, and the sensing switch is used for sensing whether a user stands on the car or not so as to control powering on or powering off of the control mechanism. The multiple wheels are connected with the supporting framework and are arranged in a triangular or polygonal mode, the bottom surfaces of the multiple wheels are located on the same plane, and the plane where the bottom surfaces of the multiple wheels are located is parallel to the foot pedal. The electric balance car can sense whether the user stands on the car or not through the sensing switch so as to achieve automatic powering on or powering off and is convenient to use.

Description

Electrodynamic balance car

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, relate to a kind of electrodynamic balance car.

Background technology

Two-wheeled vehicle is based upon one to be called as in the groundwork of " dynamic stability ", the namely self-equalizing ability of vehicle itself.Judge the posture state residing for vehicle body with built-in accurate solid-state gyroscope, after calculating suitable instruction through central microprocessor that is accurate and high speed, CD-ROM drive motor accomplishes the effect balanced.

Suppose that we are using the overall center of gravity longitudinal axis of station steerman onboard and vehicle as reference line.When this axle is toward top rake, built-in electro-motor in vehicle body can produce strength forward, the moment of torsion that one side balance people and car are toppled over forward, produce the acceleration/accel allowing vehicle advance on the one hand, contrary, when gyroscope finds the center of gravity of steerman toward hypsokinesis, also the strength that can produce backward reaches counterbalance effect.Therefore, as long as the angle that steerman changes oneself health is forward or toward hypsokinesis, will according to the side tilted forward or backward, speed is then proportional with the degree of steerman body inclination.In principle, as long as have correct opening power and can keep the electric power of enough runnings, the people on car does not just worry there be possibility of toppling over and falling, and this is with generally to need to lean on steerman oneself to carry out the vehicle such as the Kickboard Scooter balanced different greatly.

But existing two-wheeled vehicle change direct of travel is mainly realized by twist grip.Can find out, two-wheeled vehicle arrange handle and causes its complex structure, and cost increases.

For this reason, people have devised two-wheeled vehicle not with handles, and this scooter forms primarily of the support of two energy relative motion, each support are connected to a corresponding wheel.Although this scooter eliminates handle, because stent size is less, when using this scooter, balance is not easy to grasp.

Its publication number of Chinese patent CN203958471U provides " a kind of split rotary type balanced car with two wheels ", it comprises main frame of vehicle body, main frame of vehicle body both sides are provided with wheel, be provided with motor in main frame of vehicle body and the gyroscope of motor speed can be controlled, described main frame of vehicle body comprises two split vehicle frames be separated from each other, two split central frame beams are provided with a connecting shaft, two split vehicle frames are that center of turn rotates alone with connecting shaft, gyroscope and motor is provided with separately in each split vehicle frame, split vehicle frame comprises a upper cover pedal and lower house, gyroscope is fixed on bottom upper cover pedal, gyroscope connecting circuit board, circuit card connects motor, motor driving wheel.

Two-wheel car energy realization pin in above-mentioned patent carries out acceleration-deceleration, turning function, and structure is simple.But its opening and closing needs manual hand manipulation, be not easy to use, it forms primarily of the support of two energy relative motion in addition, and in use procedure, its balance is not easy to control.And because it takes up room, it is very not convenient to carry yet.

Summary of the invention

A kind of electrodynamic balance car that the present invention proposes to overcome prior art.

To achieve these goals, a kind of electrodynamic balance car provided by the present invention, comprises vehicle body, multiple wheel, electric supply installation, control mechanism; Described vehicle body comprises in flat stretcher and is arranged at the support frame of described stretcher bottom, described stretcher is provided with inductive switch, described inductive switch is connected between described electric supply installation and described control mechanism, and whether described inductive switch has user to power on and power-off to control described control mechanism for responding on car; Described multiple wheel is connected with described support frame, and described multiple wheel is triangle arrangement or polygonal array, and the bottom surface of described multiple wheel is positioned at same plane, and the plane at the place, bottom surface of described multiple wheel is parallel with described stretcher.

Further, described electrodynamic balance car also comprises position induction device, and described position induction device is folded between described stretcher and described support frame, and for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher; Described control mechanism is connected with described position induction device, and the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described control mechanism senses according to described position induction device controls described multiple wheel movement.

Further, described multiple wheel comprises two drive wheels, two drive wheels are arranged at the front end of described vehicle body or the rear end of vehicle body symmetrically, described control mechanism comprises drive motor and is connected with described drive motor and controller for controlling the propulsive effort that described drive motor exports, described position induction device is connected with described controller, described drive motor rotates for driving described two drive wheels, the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described controller senses according to described position induction device judges the center-of-gravity position of described user, described drive motor exports corresponding propulsive effort according to the center-of-gravity position of described user and rotates to drive described two drive wheels to described two drive wheels.

Further, the quantity of described drive motor is two, two drive motor drive two drive wheels to rotate respectively, described controller is after the center-of-gravity position judging described user, and described controller controls two described drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to described two drive wheels to drive described two drive wheels rotation.

Further, the quantity of described drive motor is one, described control mechanism also comprises diff, described drive motor is connected with described two drive wheels by described diff, and described drive motor output drive strength is dispensed to described two drive wheels according to the center-of-gravity position of described user and rotates to drive described two drive wheels by described diff.

Further, the quantity of described multiple wheel is four, and described multiple wheel comprises two wheel flutters, described two wheel flutters and described two rectangular arrangements of drive wheel, and described two wheel flutters and described two drive wheels are oppositely arranged.

Further, the quantity of described multiple wheel is three, and described multiple wheel also comprises a wheel flutter, and described wheel flutter and described two drive wheels are that triangle is arranged, and when described two drive wheels are arranged on the rear end of described vehicle body, described wheel flutter is arranged on the front center of described vehicle body; When described two drive wheels are arranged on the front end of described vehicle body, described wheel flutter is arranged in the middle part of the rear end of described vehicle body.

Further, the quantity of described multiple wheel is four and rectangular arrangement, described four wheels are cardan wheel, described control mechanism comprises drive motor and is connected with described drive motor and controller for controlling the propulsive effort that described drive motor exports, the quantity of described drive motor is four, each drive motor drives a described vehicle wheel rotation, described position induction device is connected with described controller, described drive motor rotates for driving described two drive wheels, the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described controller senses according to described position induction device is judged the center-of-gravity position of described user and is controlled four described drive motor according to the center-of-gravity position information of described user and export vehicle wheel rotation corresponding to corresponding drive force.

Further, described support frame top has recessed installation cavity, and described stretcher covers installation cavity, and position induction device is positioned at installation cavity also respectively against the diapire of installation cavity and the bottom of position induction device.

Further, described stretcher front portion is convexly equipped with downwards and protects edge for the protection of the wheel being positioned at body forward structure.

Due to the utilization of technique scheme, the present invention possesses following advantage:

Electrodynamic balance car of the present invention can by inductive switch inductance balance car, whether someone realizes automatically powering on and power-off, easy to use, in addition electrodynamic balance car of the present invention due to the car body of main component be tabular, therefore, its compact conformation, easy to carry and store.Meanwhile, because this electrodynamic balance car has three or four wheels, therefore, relatively other its balance of two-wheeled vehicle is higher for it, plays balance and more easily control when user stand on this electrodynamic balance car.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the electrodynamic balance car of first embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the lateral plan of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the upward view of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the electrodynamic balance car of second embodiment of the invention.

The cross-sectional schematic of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Fig. 6 Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the electrodynamic balance car of third embodiment of the invention.

The cross-sectional schematic of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Fig. 8 Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the electrodynamic balance car of third embodiment of the invention.

The cross-sectional schematic of the electrodynamic balance car shown in Figure 10 Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is the upward view of the electrodynamic balance car of further embodiment of this invention.

Detailed description of the invention

For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present invention is further described.

Embodiment one

Refer to Fig. 1-4, the electrodynamic balance car that the embodiment of the present invention provides comprises vehicle body 1, multiple wheel 2, position induction device and control mechanism.Wherein, described multiple wheel 2 is connected with described vehicle body 1, and described multiple wheel 2 is arrangement or polygonal array in triangle, and the bottom surface of described multiple wheel 2 is positioned at same plane.

Described position induction device is for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of user on described vehicle body 1.

Described control mechanism is connected with described position induction device, and the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described control mechanism senses according to described position induction device controls described multiple wheel 2 and moves.

Described vehicle body 1 comprises in flat stretcher 11 and is located at the support frame 13 of described stretcher 11 bottom, the plane at the place, bottom surface of described multiple wheel 2 is parallel with described stretcher 11, described position induction device is folded between described stretcher 11 and described support frame 13, and for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher 11.Particularly, in the present embodiment, position induction device is weight sensor 101, weight sensor 101 is for the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher 11, and the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described control mechanism senses according to described weight sensor 101 controls described multiple wheel 2 and moves.

Particularly, in the present embodiment, stretcher 11 is formed with two symmetrically arranged foot-operated regions 110, foot-operated region 110 contacts with position induction device, so that when user stand on foot-operated region 110, position induction device accurately can respond to the center-of-gravity position change of user.Support frame 13 top has recessed installation cavity 130, described stretcher 11 covers installation cavity 130, foot-operated region 110 protrudes out and enters in installation cavity 130, and position induction device is positioned at installation cavity 130 also respectively against the diapire of installation cavity 130 and the bottom in foot-operated region 110.Stretcher 11 and support frame 13 all can be rectangle tabular.Such structure makes whole electrodynamic balance car be long plate shape, and its shape size is suitable with notebook PC.And the thickness of electrodynamic balance car is also suitable with notebook PC.

Be understandable that, when stretcher 11 has been stood user time, weight sensor 101 can induce the center-of-gravity position information of user, when weight sensor 101 senses that the center of gravity of user tilts to dead ahead or dead aft, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and advances to dead ahead or fall back to dead aft; When weight sensor 101 senses center of gravity dead ahead or the right front inclination left of user, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2, and advance in dead ahead or right front left; When weight sensor 101 senses that the center of gravity of user tilts to left back front or right abaft, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and falls back to left back or right abaft.

The quantity of described multiple wheel 2 is four and rectangular arrangement, in the working direction of described electrodynamic balance car, described multiple wheel 2 comprises two drive wheels that are that be located at vehicle body 1 front end symmetrically or rear end and two wheel flutters relative with two drive wheels, the rear end of vehicle body 1 is arranged on symmetrically at the present embodiment drive wheel, wheel flutter can arrange the front end of vehicle body 1 symmetrically, namely the pattern of back-wheel drive is adopted to drive at the present embodiment, certainly, two drive wheels arrange the front end of vehicle body 1 symmetrically, two wheel flutters arrange the rear end of vehicle body 1 symmetrically, namely the pattern of f-w-d can be adopted, in other embodiments, as shown in figure 11, the quantity of described multiple wheel 2 is 3, and described multiple wheel 2 comprises the wheel flutter being positioned at vehicle body 1 front end and two drive wheels being positioned at vehicle body 1 rear end, and wheel flutter and two drive wheels are that triangle is arranged, be understandable that, in order to ensure the balance of electrodynamic balance car, wheel flutter is located at the medium position of vehicle body 1 front end, certainly, two drive wheels also can be arranged on the front end of vehicle body, and wheel flutter also can arrange the medium position of the rear end of vehicle body 1.It should be noted that, in the above-described embodiments, wheel flutter is cardan wheel.

Described control mechanism comprises drive motor and is connected with described drive motor and controller for controlling the propulsive effort that drive motor exports, and described position induction device is connected with described controller, and drive motor rotates for driving two drive wheels.The center-of-gravity position information of the user that described controller senses according to described position induction device (weight sensor 101) judges the center-of-gravity position of user, and described drive motor controls to export corresponding propulsive effort according to the center-of-gravity position of user and rotates to drive described two drive wheels to described two drive wheels.Be understandable that, when balance truck is to dead ahead or dead aft motion, the propulsive effort that drive motor exports makes two drive wheel rotating speeds identical, and when balance truck needs to turn to, the propulsive effort that drive motor exports makes two drive wheels have certain speed discrepancy.

Particularly, in the present embodiment, the quantity of drive motor is two, two drive motor drive two drive wheels to rotate respectively, described controller is after the center-of-gravity position judging described user, and described controller controls two described drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to described two drive wheels to drive described two drive wheels rotation.More specifically, when the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user turns forward, controller controls two drive motor and exports that size is identical and the propulsive effort to two a driven forwards drive wheel makes two drive wheels travel forward; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user retreats, controller controls two drive motor and exports that size is identical and propulsive effort to two drive wheel to rear drive makes two drive wheels move backward; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user rolls to one, namely now balance truck needs to turn, controller controls two drive motor and exports propulsive effort to two drive wheel varied in size and make two drive wheels all have certain velocity contrast, thus balance truck is turned.

In other embodiments, the quantity of drive motor is one, and described control mechanism also comprises diff, and drive motor is connected with two drive wheels by diff.Be understandable that, when the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user turns forward, drive motor exports that size is identical by diff and the propulsive effort driven forwards controls multiple wheel 2 travels forward; When controller retreats according to user's center of gravity that position induction device senses, it is identical and control multiple wheel 2 to the propulsive effort of rear drive and move backward that drive motor exports size by diff; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges the center of gravity of user to lopsidedness, namely now balance truck needs to turn, drive motor exports propulsive effort to the left and right sides drive wheel varied in size by diff makes drive wheel have different speed, thus balance truck can be turned.

Particularly, described diff is gear differential, comprise the inner case for cavity and the planetary wheel being positioned at case, planetary wheel carrier, left half axle gear, right axle shaft gear, left half axle and right axle shaft, described planetary wheel carrier is located in case, planetary wheel is connected on planetary wheel carrier, the input end (driving gear namely on planetary wheel carrier) of above-mentioned planetary wheel carrier is connected with the transmission shaft of drive motor, described left half axle gear is all connected with planetary wheel in right axle shaft gear, left half axle and right axle shaft respectively with left half axle gear and right axle shaft gear affixed, two drive wheels are connected with left half axle and right axle shaft.Power enters diff through transmission shaft, Direct driver planetary wheel carrier, then drives left and right two semiaxis by satellite gear, drives left and right wheel respectively.The designing requirement of diff meets: (left half axle rotating speed)+(right axle shaft rotating speed)=2 (planetary wheel carrier rotating speed).When electrodynamic balance car is kept straight on, left and right wheel is equal with the rotating speed of planetary wheel carrier three is in state of equilibrium, and when electrodynamic balance car is turned, three's state of equilibrium is destroyed, and causes nearside wheel rotating speed to reduce, and off-side wheel rotating speed increases.

In other embodiments, the quantity of described multiple wheel 2 is four and rectangular arrangement, described four wheels 2 are cardan wheel, the quantity of described drive motor is four, each drive motor drives a wheel 2 to rotate, described controller controls four drive motor according to the center-of-gravity position information of the person of standing and exports wheel corresponding to corresponding drive force 2 and rotate, and makes the path of motion required for sense of motion synthesis of four wheels 2.When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user turns forward, controller controls four drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to four drive wheel and make four drive wheels drive balance trucks to travel forward; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user retreats, controller controls four drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to four drive wheel and make four drive wheels drive balance trucks to move backward; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user rolls to one, namely now balance truck needs to turn, and controller controls four drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to four drive wheel and make four drive wheels drive balance trucks to turn.Needs illustrate, when the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges the center of gravity of user to front-left or front-right skew, controller can control the propulsive effort of four drive motor outputs and then the rotating speed of control four wheels 2 and rotation direction and make balance truck to front-left or front-right skew.

In other embodiments, the quantity of described multiple wheel 2 is four and rectangular arrangement, described four wheels 2 are drive wheel, the quantity of described drive motor is four, each drive motor drives a wheel 2 to rotate, described controller controls four drive motor according to the location information of the person of standing and exports wheel corresponding to corresponding drive force 2 and rotate, and makes the path of motion required for sense of motion synthesis of four wheels 2.Body ground, when the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user turns forward, controller controls four drive motor and exports two groups size is identical and the propulsive effort driven forwards makes four drive wheels travel forward to two drive wheels of front end and two drive wheels of rear end; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user retreats, controller controls four drive motor, and to export two groups of sizes identical and to two drive wheels of rear end and two drive wheels of front end, four drive wheels are moved to the propulsive effort of rear drive backward; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user rolls to one, namely now balance truck needs to turn, controller controls four drive motor and exports propulsive effort to four drive wheel varied in size and make four drive wheels all have certain velocity contrast, thus balance truck is turned.It should be noted that two the propulsive effort sizes being passed to two drive wheels in front end that the propulsive effort that two groups of sizes are identical refers to are identical, two the propulsive effort sizes being passed to two drive wheels in rear end are identical.

In other embodiments, the quantity of described multiple wheel 2 is four and rectangular arrangement, described four wheels 2 are drive wheel, the quantity of described drive motor is one, described control mechanism also comprises two difies, being connected with four drive wheels by two difies of drive motor, particularly, being connected with two anterior drive wheels by one of them diff of drive motor, drive motor is also connected with two drive wheels at rear portion by another diff.Be understandable that, when the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user turns forward, drive motor exports that two groups of sizes are identical by two difies and the propulsive effort driven forwards makes multiple wheel 2 travel forward to anterior two drive wheels and two, rear end drive wheel; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user retreats, it is identical and to the propulsive effort of rear drive to multiple wheel 2, multiple wheel 2 is moved backward that drive motor exports size by two difies; When the center-of-gravity position information of the user that controller senses according to position induction device judges that the center of gravity of user rolls to one, namely now balance truck needs to turn, drive motor is exported propulsive effort to the multiple wheel 2 varied in size and multiple wheel 2 can be turned to by two difies, thus balance truck is turned.It should be noted that two the propulsive effort sizes being passed to two drive wheels in front end that the propulsive effort that two groups of sizes are identical refers to are identical, two the propulsive effort sizes being passed to two drive wheels in rear end are identical.

In the present embodiment, in order to realize automatically powering on and power-off of balance truck, described stretcher 11 is provided with inductive switch 10, inductive switch 10 is connected between control mechanism and electric supply installation, and described inductive switch 10 is by whether induction car has user to control powering on of described control mechanism and power-off.Preferably, inductive switch 10 is such as pressure switch, and when user stand on vehicle body 1, inductive switch 10 conducting, the electric supply installation of vehicle body 1 inside starts the electricity consumption power elements to vehicle body 1.Preferably, electric supply installation is such as storage battery.

The port of described installation cavity 130 is provided with support level 132, described stretcher 11 cover after installation cavity 130 and support level 132 against, avoid stretcher 11 to enter in installation cavity 130.

In the present embodiment, stretcher 11 front portion is convexly equipped with protecting along 112 for the protection of the wheel being positioned at vehicle body 1 front portion downwards.To extend the service life of electrodynamic balance car.

In the present embodiment, the element being electrodynamic balance car and also comprising that such as electric supply installation, equalizing gear (acceleration pick-up, Hall element etc.) etc. form electrodynamic balance car of the present invention, these electronic components all can be arranged in installation cavity 130, and the function of these elements does not repeat them here.

Embodiment 2

Incorporated by reference to reference Fig. 5-6,

The structure of the electrodynamic balance car of second embodiment of the invention is substantially identical with the configuration and principle of the electrodynamic balance car of first embodiment of the invention respectively, and its difference is, position induction device comprises four displacement pickups 102 and four elastic elements 104.The two ends of described four elastic elements 104 are connected and rectangular arrangement with described stretcher 11 and described support frame 13 respectively, the deformation quantity of described four displacement pickups 102 with described four elastic element 104 one_to_one corresponding and for responding to four elastic elements 104, described four displacement pickups 102 form a four-quadrant displacement induction system with described four elastic elements 104, and for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher 11.

Be understandable that, when on user stands stretcher 11, elastic element 104 is compressed by user, when the centre-of gravity shift of user, the deformation quantity of each elastic element 104 must change, such displacement pickup 102 just can collect the displacement variable of corresponding elastic element 104, control mechanism judges the centre-of-gravity displacement information of user by the deformation quantity that displacement pickup 102 collects corresponding elastic element 104, thus controls described multiple wheel 2 and move (referring to following).

Described stretcher 11 is provided with four foot-operated regions 111, four extensible vertical directions in foot-operated region 111 move up and down, in other words, namely four foot-operated regions 111 are Split type structure with the body of stretcher 11, the body of stretcher 11 such as, can be provided with four openings, pedal is separately installed with in four openings, to form foot-operated region, be understandable that, pedal is convex shape, the top of opening is such as provided with spacing flange, departs from from opening to avoid pedal.More specifically, four elastic elements 104 are positioned at installation cavity 130 and the diapire in connection chamber 130 and the bottom in four foot-operated regions 111 respectively, four displacement pickups 102 be arranged on behave affectedly 130 diapire on and with four elastic element 104 one_to_one corresponding.

The concrete principle that four-quadrant displacement induction system in electrodynamic balance car of the present invention gathers displacement information is: the left foot front portion that four elastic elements 4 are corresponding respectively, left foot heel, right crus of diaphragm front portion and right crus of diaphragm heel, when user stand on stretcher 11, if center of gravity does not offset, left foot is anterior, left foot heel, right crus of diaphragm is anterior is identical with the power suffered by the position that right crus of diaphragm heel is trampled substantially, namely now balance truck is in state of equilibrium, when the centre-of gravity shift of user, left foot is anterior, left foot heel, the anterior power be subject to right crus of diaphragm heel of right crus of diaphragm can change, now anterior with left foot, left foot heel, the deformation quantity of the elastic element 4 that right crus of diaphragm is anterior and right crus of diaphragm heel is corresponding is by difference, four displacement pickups 3 can collect the deformation quantity information of corresponding elastic element 4, namely the center-of-gravity position information of user is obtained, the center-of-gravity position information (deformation quantities of four elastic elements 4) of user that now control mechanism obtains according to four displacement pickups 3 can judge the center-of-gravity position of user.

Particularly, four displacement pickups are respectively left upper quadrant displacement pickup, right upper quadrant displacement pickup, left lower quadrant displacement pickup and right lower quadrant displacement pickup.The left upper quadrant displacement pickup received when control mechanism is identical with the displacement that right upper quadrant displacement pickup collects, the displacement that left lower quadrant displacement pickup and right lower quadrant displacement sensing collect is identical, but the displacement that left upper quadrant displacement pickup and right upper quadrant displacement pickup collect is greater than the displacement that left lower quadrant displacement pickup and right lower quadrant displacement pickup collect, now control mechanism judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to dead ahead, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and travels forward, contrary then control mechanism judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to dead aft, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and moves backward.

The left upper quadrant displacement pickup received when control mechanism is identical with the displacement that left lower quadrant displacement pickup collects, the displacement that right upper quadrant displacement pickup and right lower quadrant displacement pickup collect is identical, but the displacement that left upper quadrant displacement pickup and left lower quadrant displacement pickup collect is greater than the displacement that right upper quadrant displacement pickup and right lower quadrant displacement pickup collect, when now control mechanism judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to front-left, then front-right tilts on the contrary.Certainly, in that case, if control mechanism can control (this kind of situation is that multiple wheel 2 is cardan wheel) when multiple wheel 2 can move to front-left or right, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and moves to front-left or right.

Certainly, when the shift value of any one quadrant displacement pickup that control mechanism receives is maximum, can judge that the center of gravity of this person of standing is positioned at this quadrant, control mechanism can control multiple wheel 2 and make corresponding start.Such as, the shift value receiving left upper quadrant displacement pickup when control mechanism is bigger than normal, and control mechanism can judge that the center of gravity of the person of standing is positioned at left upper quadrant, and now, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and turns left.

Incorporated by reference to reference Fig. 7-8,

The structure of the electrodynamic balance car of third embodiment of the invention is substantially identical with the configuration and principle of the electrodynamic balance car of first embodiment of the invention respectively, its difference is, position induction device comprises four pressure sensors 105, described four pressure sensors 105 to be folded between described stretcher 11 and described support frame 13 and rectangular arrangement, described four pressure sensors 105 form a four-quadrant pressure sensitive system, and for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher 11.The concrete principle of the four-quadrant pressure sensitive system induction pressure in electrodynamic balance car of the present invention is: the left foot front portion that four pressure sensors 3 are corresponding respectively, left foot heel, right crus of diaphragm front portion and right crus of diaphragm heel, when user stand on stretcher 11, if center of gravity does not offset, left foot is anterior, left foot heel, right crus of diaphragm is anterior is identical with the power suffered by the position that right crus of diaphragm heel is trampled substantially, namely now balance truck is in state of equilibrium, when the centre-of gravity shift of user, left foot is anterior, left foot heel, the anterior power be subject to right crus of diaphragm heel of right crus of diaphragm can change, now anterior with left foot, left foot heel, the pressure collected of the pressure sensor 3 that right crus of diaphragm is anterior and right crus of diaphragm heel is corresponding will change, namely the center-of-gravity position information of user is obtained, the center-of-gravity position information (pressure informations collected of four pressure sensors 3) of user that now control mechanism obtains according to four pressure sensors 3 can judge the center-of-gravity position of user.

Described stretcher 11 is provided with four foot-operated regions 113, four extensible vertical directions in foot-operated region 113 move up and down, in other words, namely four foot-operated regions 113 are Split type structure with the body of stretcher 11, the body of stretcher 11 such as, can be provided with four openings, pedal is separately installed with in four openings, to form foot-operated region, be understandable that, pedal is convex shape, the top of opening is such as provided with spacing flange, departs from from opening to avoid pedal.More specifically, four pressure sensors 105 are positioned at installation cavity 130 also respectively against the diapire of installation cavity 130 and the bottom in four foot-operated regions 113.

Be understandable that, four pressure sensors are respectively left upper quadrant pressure sensor, right upper quadrant pressure sensor, left lower quadrant pressure sensor and right lower quadrant pressure sensor.The left upper quadrant pressure sensor received when control mechanism is identical with the pressure that right upper quadrant pressure sensor collects, the pressure that left lower quadrant pressure sensor and right lower quadrant pressure sensor collect is identical, but the pressure that left upper quadrant pressure sensor and right upper quadrant pressure sensor collect is greater than the pressure that left lower quadrant pressure sensor and right lower quadrant pressure sensor collect, and the pressure component of working direction is greater than the pressure component of direction of retreat, now control mechanism judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to dead ahead, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and travels forward, contrary then control mechanism judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to dead aft, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and moves backward.

The left upper quadrant pressure sensor received when control mechanism is identical with the pressure that left lower quadrant pressure sensor collects, the pressure that right upper quadrant pressure sensor and right lower quadrant pressure sensor collect is identical, but the pressure that left upper quadrant pressure sensor and left lower quadrant pressure sensor collect is greater than the pressure that right upper quadrant pressure sensor and right lower quadrant pressure sensor collect, the pressure component being specially front-left is greater than the pressure component of front-right, when this Time Controller judges that the person's of standing center of gravity tilts to front-left, then front-right tilts on the contrary.Certainly, in that case, if control mechanism can control (this kind of situation is that multiple wheel 2 is cardan wheel) when multiple wheel 2 can move to front-left or right, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and moves to front-left or right.

Certainly, be understandable that, when the force value of any one quadrant pressure sensor that controller receives is bigger than normal, can judge that the center of gravity of this person of standing is positioned at this quadrant, control mechanism can control multiple wheel 2 and make corresponding start.Such as, the force value receiving left upper quadrant pressure sensor when control mechanism is maximum, and control mechanism can judge that the center of gravity of the person of standing is positioned at left upper quadrant, and now, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and turns left.

Refer to Fig. 9-10

The configuration and principle of the electrodynamic balance car of fourth embodiment of the invention is substantially identical with the configuration and principle of the electrodynamic balance car of first embodiment of the invention, its difference is, position induction device comprises opto-electronic pickup 106 and four flexible support members 107, be connected by flexible support members 107 between stretcher 11 with support frame 13, opto-electronic pickup 106, for sensing the rotational angle of stretcher 11 relative motion plane, obtains the location information of described user.Particularly, when user stand on stretcher 11, flexible support members 107 can be compressed, during the centre-of gravity shift of user, stretcher 11 can tilt, and namely the angle of inclination of the stretcher 11 that opto-electronic pickup 106 collects has collected the center-of-gravity position information of user.Be understandable that, when stretcher 11 has been stood user time, position induction device can induce the center-of-gravity position information of user, when position induction device senses center of gravity dead ahead or the right front inclination left of user, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2, and advance in dead ahead or right front left; When position induction device senses that the center of gravity of user tilts to left back front or right abaft, control mechanism controls multiple wheel 2 and falls back to left back or right abaft.

In the present embodiment, the angle of inclination of stretcher 11, at 10 degree-30 degree, while the angle of inclination of stretcher 11 being controlled can make the stable inclination of stretcher 11 between 10 degree-30 degree, can also ensure the stability of whole electrodynamic balance car.

In the present embodiment, vehicle body 1 also comprises joint pin 15, and joint pin 15 is arranged between stretcher 11 with support frame 13 and the periphery of joint pin 15 contacts with the bottom surface of stretcher 11 and the diapire of installation cavity 130, so that stretcher 11 tilts.Concrete, the bottom surface of stretcher 11 is provided with positioning groove 115, and the diapire of installation cavity 130 is provided with lower positioning groove 135, and the upper and lower of the periphery of joint pin 15 is positioned at positioning groove 115 respectively with in lower positioning groove 135.

It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the top of installation cavity 130 is not arranging support level 132, is so convenient to stretcher 11 and moves.

In sum, by inductive switch sense 10, electrodynamic balance car of the present invention can answer on balance truck whether someone realizes automatically powering on and power-off, easy to use, electrodynamic balance car of the present invention is because the vehicle body 1 of main component is in tabular in addition, therefore, its compact conformation, easy to carry and store.Meanwhile, because this electrodynamic balance car has three or four wheels 2, therefore, relatively other its balance of two-wheeled vehicle is higher for it, plays balance and more easily control when user stand on this electrodynamic balance car.

Although the present invention discloses as above by preferred embodiment; but and be not used to limit the present invention, anyly know this those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; can do a little change and retouching, therefore protection scope of the present invention is when being as the criterion depending on claims scope required for protection.

Claims (10)

1. an electrodynamic balance car, is characterized in that, comprises vehicle body, multiple wheel, electric supply installation, control mechanism; Described vehicle body comprises in flat stretcher and is arranged at the support frame of described stretcher bottom, described stretcher is provided with inductive switch, described inductive switch is connected between described electric supply installation and described control mechanism, and whether described inductive switch has user to power on and power-off to control described control mechanism for responding on car; Described multiple wheel is connected with described support frame, and described multiple wheel is triangle arrangement or polygonal array, and the bottom surface of described multiple wheel is positioned at same plane, and the plane at the place, bottom surface of described multiple wheel is parallel with described stretcher.
2. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electrodynamic balance car also comprises position induction device, and described position induction device is folded between described stretcher and described support frame, and for responding to the center-of-gravity position information of the user on stretcher; Described control mechanism is connected with described position induction device, and the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described control mechanism senses according to described position induction device controls described multiple wheel movement.
3. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described multiple wheel comprises two drive wheels, two drive wheels are arranged at the front end of described vehicle body or the rear end of vehicle body symmetrically, described control mechanism comprises drive motor and is connected with described drive motor and controller for controlling the propulsive effort that described drive motor exports, described position induction device is connected with described controller, described drive motor rotates for driving described two drive wheels, the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described controller senses according to described position induction device judges the center-of-gravity position of described user, described drive motor exports corresponding propulsive effort according to the center-of-gravity position of described user and rotates to drive described two drive wheels to described two drive wheels.
4. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described drive motor is two, two drive motor drive two drive wheels to rotate respectively, described controller is after the center-of-gravity position judging described user, and described controller controls two described drive motor and exports corresponding propulsive effort to described two drive wheels to drive described two drive wheels rotation.
5. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described drive motor is one, described control mechanism also comprises diff, described drive motor is connected with described two drive wheels by described diff, and described drive motor output drive strength is dispensed to described two drive wheels according to the center-of-gravity position of described user and rotates to drive described two drive wheels by described diff.
6. the electrodynamic balance car according to claim 3-5 any one, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described multiple wheel is four, described multiple wheel comprises two wheel flutters, described two wheel flutters and described two rectangular arrangements of drive wheel, and described two wheel flutters and described two drive wheels are oppositely arranged.
7. the electrodynamic balance car according to claim 3-5 any one, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described multiple wheel is three, described multiple wheel also comprises a wheel flutter, described wheel flutter and described two drive wheels are that triangle is arranged, and when described two drive wheels are arranged on the rear end of described vehicle body, described wheel flutter is arranged on the front center of described vehicle body; When described two drive wheels are arranged on the front end of described vehicle body, described wheel flutter is arranged in the middle part of the rear end of described vehicle body.
8. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described multiple wheel is four and rectangular arrangement, described four wheels are cardan wheel, described control mechanism comprises drive motor and is connected with described drive motor and controller for controlling the propulsive effort that described drive motor exports, the quantity of described drive motor is four, each drive motor drives a described vehicle wheel rotation, described position induction device is connected with described controller, described drive motor rotates for driving described two drive wheels, the center-of-gravity position information of the user that described controller senses according to described position induction device is judged the center-of-gravity position of described user and is controlled four described drive motor according to the center-of-gravity position information of described user and export vehicle wheel rotation corresponding to corresponding drive force.
9. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described support frame top has recessed installation cavity, and described stretcher covers installation cavity, and position induction device is positioned at installation cavity also respectively against the diapire of installation cavity and the bottom of position induction device.
10. electrodynamic balance car according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described stretcher front portion is convexly equipped with downwards protects edge for the protection of the wheel being positioned at body forward structure.
CN201510872445.3A 2015-12-01 2015-12-01 Electric balance car CN105329388A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USD803963S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2017-11-28 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD807457S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2018-01-09 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD837323S1 (en) 2018-01-03 2019-01-01 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD840872S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2019-02-19 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USD803963S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2017-11-28 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD807457S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2018-01-09 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD837322S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2019-01-01 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD840872S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2019-02-19 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD865095S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2019-10-29 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD865890S1 (en) 2016-07-20 2019-11-05 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board
USD837323S1 (en) 2018-01-03 2019-01-01 Razor Usa Llc Two wheeled board

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