CN105325138B - A kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae - Google Patents

A kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105325138B
CN105325138B CN201510620138.6A CN201510620138A CN105325138B CN 105325138 B CN105325138 B CN 105325138B CN 201510620138 A CN201510620138 A CN 201510620138A CN 105325138 B CN105325138 B CN 105325138B
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Prior art keywords
radix pseudostellariae
fertilizer
fermentation
kilograms
seedling
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CN201510620138.6A
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CN105325138A (en
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贺前琴
贺前莹
龙明文
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Guizhou Shibing Wanfu Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Shibing Wanfu Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae, comprise the following steps:The processing of base manure composting;The mixed fertilizer of above-mentioned fermentation is sprinkled evenly on whole good plot, is turned over plough or manually ploughed under in ground, then is deep ploughed, manually ploughs or oxharrow rake is thin, it is equal to harrow, every mu is applied 80 90 kilograms of fermentation mixing for standby use fertilizer;Remove seedling terminal bud during the prosperous length of radix pseudostellariae.Promote the increase of radix pseudostellariae plant base portion branch, well developed root system, root tuber number increases, the big quickening of root tuber Peng, reaches the purpose of good quality and high output.The yield of every mu of radix pseudostellariae correspondingly brings up to 500 kilograms for more conventional 300 kilograms.

Description

A kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crown prince's method for planting ginseng, the topping strengthening root implantation methods of especially a kind of radix pseudostellariae.
Background technology
Radix pseudostellariae is Caryophyllaceae caryophyllaceous ginsengPseudostellaria heterophlla (Miq.) Pax ex Pax et Hoffm. underground root tuber, radix pseudostellariae is sweet, slight bitter, mild-natured, returns spleen, lung channel, have replenish qi to invigorate the spleen, it is promoting production of body fluid and nourishing the lung the effect of. Radix pseudostellariae is China's medicinal herbs most in use simply, there is long applicating history, and wild radix pseudostellariae is excavated by predatoriness, resource day Become exhausted;Radix pseudostellariae also has ecological vegetable characteristic, and its plantation is strict to environmental requirement, the environmental ecology effect that can have been brought Benefit.
Conventional implantation methods
Selection of land and site preparation
1 selection of land:The soil is porous, fertile soil, the content of organic matter are enriched for selection, and the good sandy yellow bubble mud of irrigation condition delays Hillside fields band, plant in the soil of crop rotation more than 3 years.
2 site preparations:It is preceding harvest after, ㎝ of soil deep tillage 25 or so before plantation, then ploughs shallowly once, mu spreads fertilizer over the fields efficiently multiple 15-20 kilograms of Hefei, 20 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer, and combine the leveling rake that breaks up the clods and be carefully mixed into soil, row then is stretched with cord, The wide 1.2m in railway carriage or compartment railway carriage or compartment face is pulled into, plantation ensures that railway carriage or compartment face is wide 1 meter after terminating, the ㎝ of railway carriage or compartment furrow width 20.
Plantation
㎏ of fresh kind of root dosage of every mu of radix pseudostellariae about 30 or so, plantation seeding row spacing are that 5 × 6 ㎝ are equably emitted on the railway carriage or compartment got ready It is interior, railway carriage or compartment is then played, ditch mamoty is gone out to be covered in railway carriage or compartment face radix pseudostellariae seedling thickness about 6-7 ㎝ with scoop, can in the case of conditional Irrigate root water.
Field management
1 weeds with a hoe and top dressing:Neat after seedling carries out 1 tillage and weeding, can see that seedling imposes efficient compound fertilizer with reference to weeding 10-15 kilograms, to promote growth of seedling healthy and strong;See that grass just pulls out later, keep field without weeds;The first tenday period of a month in May, plant have sealed row, Weeding can be stopped.
2 ridgings:After early spring emergence, the furrow soil of thin ditch is put on into furrow face, is spread on by strain, is earthed up, be advantageous to root life Long development.But thickness is unsuitable blocked up in 1.5 below ㎝, otherwise influences the growth of basal part of stem strain bud.
3 row irrigations:Radix pseudostellariae is afraid of flood, often to dredge ditch water discharge after rainy season and heavy rain in time.But be afraid of drought, during weather arid It is conditional to water in good time, ground moistening is often kept, promotes root development.
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1 leaf spot:4-May occurs, and endangers blade, first encroaches on lower blade, gradually creep up afterwards, produced on blade Withered spot, plant is withered when serious.Prevention and controls:First, thoroughly removing deadwood residuum after harvest, and concentrate and burn;Second, It is strict to carry out crop rotation, unsuitable continuous cropping;Third, early stage(That is mid-March, after going out full stand)Sprayable 1:1:100 Bordeaux mixture, Every 7-10 days 1 time, continuous 3 times;Sprayable 50% carbendazim, 500-1000 times of liquid, or 70% spraying 800 times of liquid of thiophanate, 7- 10 days 1 time, even spray 3 times.
2 subterranean pest-insects:Mainly the subterranean pest-insect such as black cutworm, grub, mole cricket endangers, and can use 20% fenpropathrin milk oil 1000 times of liquid spraying preventing and treatings.
Pick and process
1 harvesting:The withered and yellow after seedling of major part plant, in addition to seed-plot, should immediately excavate, if delay is not received, meet mid-July During excessive rainfall, easily cause rotten.During harvest, cauline leaf is first removed, then takes root tuber, part of reserving seed for planting is careful not to bud of damaging Head, keep ginseng body complete.
2 processing:Radix pseudostellariae fresh goods is cleaned with clear water, spreads and dries 2 days in the sun, body dehydration to be joined softens, and fibrous root is done After dry, in tissue accumulation rubbing in second day afternoon, fibrous root is departed from ginseng body and be changed into bright ginseng bar, then shine to using electric fan after absolutely dry It is radix pseudostellariae commercially available medicine to blow away fibrous root and other impurity and powder.
The deficiency of above-mentioned implantation methods:First, fertilizing method is simple, its nutrient composition is single, can not meet radix pseudostellariae The needs to grow, growing way are relatively poor;Second, fertilizer is not processed, and after applying soil, contact or close radix pseudostellariae The compound fertilizer granules of seedling are because heat release easily causes burn seedlings, burns root, and field is short of seedling few seedling, uneven emergence;Third, be not necessarily to Technical regulation, usually because the prosperous length of aerial part and excessive growth consume a large amount of nutritions and photosynthate, underground root tuber is few and thin It is long, go into operation than unbalance, benefit is very poor.
The content of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae, promote radix pseudostellariae plant base portion branch to increase Add, well developed root system, root tuber number increases, the big quickening of root tuber Peng, reaches the purpose of good quality and high output.
Technical scheme comprises the following steps:
The processing of 1 base manure composting
Base manure species:First, the total nutritional ingredient of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is 45% potassium sulfate type efficient compound fertilizer;Second, contain more than 50 The soil conditioner of kind trace element;
By quality proportioning, in mass ratio, potassium sulfate type efficient compound fertilizer and soil conditioner are pressed 3:5 are mixed to form Mixed fertilizer, radix pseudostellariae various nutrient compositions necessary to whole breeding time are prepared enough, improve soil;
By quality proportioning, above-mentioned mixed fertilizer and loose fine earth earth are pressed 1:The mixing of 6 mass ratioes piles a pile, covers plastic foil Sealing makes it, and slowly heat release is fermented, and fermentation time is 2-3 months, and formation mixed fermentation fertilizer is standby, efficiently avoid because of fertilizer Particulate exothermic injures radix pseudostellariae seedling radical bud, causes field to be short of seedling few seedling underproduction phenomenon;
2 fertilisings
The mixed fertilizer of above-mentioned fermentation is sprinkled evenly on whole good plot, is turned over plough or manually ploughed under in ground, then is deep ploughed, employment Work is ploughed or oxharrow rake is thin, it is equal to harrow, and every mu is applied 80-90 kilograms of fermentation mixing for standby use fertilizer;
3 remove seedling terminal bud during the prosperous length of radix pseudostellariae.
Using the above method, the prosperous length of radix pseudostellariae aerial part or excessive growth can be suppressed and consume nutrition, make photosynthate downward Transport, promote the increase of radix pseudostellariae plant base portion branch, well developed root system, root tuber number increases, and the big quickening of root tuber Peng, reaches high-quality height The purpose of production.Pinched by radix pseudostellariae, make its nutrition supply downwards and accumulation, cultivated strong sprout, improved radix pseudostellariae plant Resistance against diseases, lateral bud riotous growth.Under normal circumstances, the individual plant root tuber number typically after topping treatment is than untreated Individual plant root tuber number newly-increased more than 30%, the yield of every mu of radix pseudostellariae correspondingly bring up to 500 kilograms for more conventional 300 kilograms.
Embodiment
Shibing border of the county is in the step of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau second to the excessive area of the step of the East Hillside Plain first, whole physical features Northwest is higher, and the southeast is relatively low, 800 meters or so of mean sea level, belongs to subtropical zone monsoon moist climate region, warmer climate moistening.It is suitable to Radix pseudostellariae is planted.
It is prepared by 1 composite fertilizer
By quality proportioning, 45% potassium sulfate type efficient compound fertilizer, 300 kilograms of soil with planting trace element containing more than 50 is adjusted 500 kilograms of reason agent Nong Meixin carries out being mixed to form mixed fertilizer;
By quality proportioning, above-mentioned 800 kilograms and native 4800 kilograms of mixed fertilizer is well mixed, a pile is piled, covers plastics Film is sealed by fermentation, and fermentation time 2 months, the soil is exactly fine earth on field or slope;
2 fertilisings
The mixed fertilizer of above-mentioned fermentation is sprinkled evenly on whole good plot, is turned over plough or manually ploughed under in ground, then is deep ploughed, employment Work is ploughed or oxharrow rake is thin, it is equal to harrow, and every mu is applied 80 kilograms of mixed fertilizer of fermentation;
The prosperous length of 3 pairs of radix pseudostellariaes and excessive growth seedling remove terminal bud, and 3-5 months are radix pseudostellariae peak of growing season, because base fertilizer is sufficient, greatly Prosperous length and the excessive growth upwards of part radix pseudostellariae plant, consumed in order to avoid the inaction of nutrition, wiped out with scissors and existed including top bud Interior 2, top young leaves, promote largely to sprout newborn root tuber in base portion soil table and soil and base portion paraclade is sturdy, promote crown prince It is big to join root tuber Peng.
The radix pseudostellariae of this method plantation can reach national Chinese medicine quality control procedure requirement, radix pseudostellariae quality is high-quality, Safety, can substitute the medical value of wild radix pseudostellariae completely, and radix pseudostellariae crop cycle is short, high efficiency, turn into peasant and shake off poverty cause Rich leading industry.

Claims (1)

1. the topping strengthening root implantation methods of a kind of radix pseudostellariae, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)The processing of base manure composting
Base manure species:First, the total nutritional ingredient of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is 45% potassium sulfate type efficient compound fertilizer;Second, contain 50 The soil conditioner of remaining kind trace element;
By quality proportioning, potassium sulfate type efficient compound fertilizer and soil conditioner are pressed 3:5 carry out being mixed to form mixed fertilizer, standby Foot radix pseudostellariae various nutrient compositions necessary to whole breeding time, improve soil;
By quality proportioning, above-mentioned mixed fertilizer and loose fine earth earth are pressed 1:The mixing of 6 mass ratioes piles a pile, and it is close to cover plastic foil Envelope makes its, and slowly heat release is fermented, and fermentation time is 2-3 months, and it is standby to form the mixed fertilizer of fermentation, efficiently avoid because Fertiliser granulates heat release injures radix pseudostellariae seedling radical bud, causes field to be short of seedling few seedling underproduction phenomenon;
(2)Fertilising
The mixed fertilizer of above-mentioned fermentation is sprinkled evenly on whole good plot, is turned over plough or manually ploughed under in ground, then is deep ploughed, is manually ploughed Or oxharrow rake is thin, rake is equal, every mu of 80-90 kilograms of mixed fertilizer for applying fermentation;
(3)Remove the terminal bud of seedling during the prosperous length of radix pseudostellariae.
CN201510620138.6A 2015-09-25 2015-09-25 A kind of topping strengthening root implantation methods of radix pseudostellariae Active CN105325138B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112106613A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-22 贵州省施秉县万富农业科技发展有限公司 Planting method for improving transplanting emergence rate of radix pseudostellariae

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126383A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-05 安顺天元生物资源开发有限公司 Method for planting heterophylly falsestarwort roots
CN104365364A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-25 苏州青青生态种植园 Radix pseudostellariae cultivation technology
CN104817410A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-08-05 合肥丰昇园农业科技有限公司 Special fertilizer with rich selenium for grape

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126383A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-05 安顺天元生物资源开发有限公司 Method for planting heterophylly falsestarwort roots
CN104817410A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-08-05 合肥丰昇园农业科技有限公司 Special fertilizer with rich selenium for grape
CN104365364A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-25 苏州青青生态种植园 Radix pseudostellariae cultivation technology

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《"柘荣太子参"规范化生产操作规程(SOP)》;黄冬寿;《中国现代中药》;20090916;第11卷(第9期);第15-17页 *

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