CN105318683B - Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier - Google Patents

Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105318683B
CN105318683B CN201410305366.XA CN201410305366A CN105318683B CN 105318683 B CN105318683 B CN 105318683B CN 201410305366 A CN201410305366 A CN 201410305366A CN 105318683 B CN105318683 B CN 105318683B
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
pipe radiator
drying
pipe
conduit
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CN201410305366.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105318683A (en
Inventor
程长青
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程长青
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Abstract

A kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier of the present invention is made of vacuum pump set, driving device, inlet valve, outlet valve, helical axis, stent, heat-pipe radiator, conduit, egg end.Heat-pipe radiator is fixed by stent and supported, and the upper end of heat-pipe radiator is covered by egg end and closed, and the lower end of heat-pipe radiator is equipped with outlet valve, and space just forms a warehouse for drying;Conduit is mounted on heat-pipe radiator center, there is helical axis in conduit, and egg end the upper surface of has vacuum pump set, driving device, inlet valve.Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier can realize lasting stirring, shorten drying time, make product dries quantity uniform, promote drying efficiency and optimizing drying effect;Heat-pipe radiator directly heats, heat conduction, heat dissipation, thermal conversion efficiency is high and loss is small, and drying temperature may be set to 35-300 DEG C;Under the special case of same size, heat dissipation area adds 3-15 times, expands heat conduction and heat radiation speed, and the thermal energy transmission total amount of drying is improved;Green drying, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of vacuum dryer more particularly to a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral driers.

Background technology

Single cone, the bipyramid vacuum drying system generally used both at home and abroad at present, operation principle is that heat is passed through in chuck The energy(Such as hot water, steam, conduction oil), heat is transmitted to dried material through inner casing;Single cone vacuum desiccator course of work is batch Amount operation after wet stock enters feed bin, using chuck to heat, is dried;Material is in vacuum state, and air pressure decline makes material The moisture content on surface(Solvent)Can rapid evaporation, and discharged and recycled in time by vacuum pump set, it is dry so as to achieve the purpose that.

Heat transfer realizes that the interlayer under vacuum state adds by three kinds of heat transfer, thermal convection current and heat radiation modes Heat because carrying out convection current heat transfer without enough air, liquid, heat transfer under vacuum state, heat radiation heat transfer effect can be more It is good;Single cone vacuum desiccator, double-cone vacuum drier currently on the market mostly carries out heat dissipation heating with the heating of external interlayer, still Their radiator volume is big, heat dissipation area is small, material contacts hot face smaller, and thermal energy service efficiency is low;Thermal energy is passed through in chuck Source(Such as hot water, steam, conduction oil)Power is also required to drive flowing, causes energy waste.

Hot pipe technique is that one kind of the G.M.Grover inventions of LosAlamos National Laboratories of the U.S. in 1963 is known as " heat The heat transfer element of pipe ", it takes full advantage of the quick thermal transport property of heat-conduction principle and refrigeration filling, will generate heat through heat pipe The heat of object is transferred to outside heat source rapidly, and the capacity of heat transmission is more than the capacity of heat transmission of any known metal.

The hollow heat-pipe radiator of my application(Number of patent application:201420349286X、2014102965451), it is It is made of hollow heat pipe, heat conducting pipe, electric heater unit, hollow heat pipe is made of inner tube, outer tube, valve, heat-conducting work medium;Outside Pipe, the length of inner tube are the same, and outer tube, inner tube upper and lower ends are fixed and welded together with metallic plate, the diameter of outer tube It is bigger 2-30mm than the diameter of inner tube, there is radiating fin on outer tube;The pitch space intracavitary of outer tube and inner tube has heat-conducting work medium;Pipe The spaced position of lower end base is equipped with valve, and valve vacuumizes for filling heat-conducting work medium, exhaust;Electric heater unit, peace Inside the spacing of outer tube and inner tube lower end base.

The content of the invention

The present invention is to provide a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral driers, can realize lasting stirring, promote dry effect Rate, optimizing drying effect;The direct heat conduction of heat-pipe radiator, heat dissipation, heating, thermal conversion efficiency is high and low-loss, drying temperature can To regulate and control at 35-300 DEG C;Under the special case of same size, heat dissipation area adds 3-15 times, expands heat conduction and dissipates Thermal velocity, the thermal energy transmission total amount of drying are improved;Green drying, energy conservation and environmental protection.

In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:

A kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier, by vacuum pump set, driving device, inlet valve, outlet valve, helical axis, Stent, heat-pipe radiator, conduit, egg end composition.

The heat-pipe radiator is fixed by stent and supported, and the upper end of heat-pipe radiator is covered by egg end and sealed It closes, the lower end of heat-pipe radiator is equipped with outlet valve;Heat-pipe radiator is by the closing of egg end and outlet valve, and space is just A warehouse for drying is formed, warehouse for drying can place the material of required drying.

The conduit is mounted on heat-pipe radiator center, has helical axis in conduit;Conduit is hollow heat-pipe radiator structure Into the internal diameter of hollow heat-pipe radiator inner tube and the detector for outer diameter error of helical axis are in 0.2-3mm.

The making material of the heat-pipe radiator is metal;Heat-pipe radiator is by hollow heat-pipe radiator(Patent application Number:201420349286X、2014102965451)It is formed with radiating riser.1st, radiating riser is the metal tube of a closing;It dissipates Hot standpipe do not have close one be fixedly welded in the inner tube of hollow heat-pipe radiator;2nd, on the face of the outer tube of heat-pipe radiator It is thermal insulation material or vacuum interlayer insulation;3rd, the inside of radiating riser and the inside of hollow heat-pipe radiator are to connect 's;4th, after the electric heater unit of hollow heat-pipe radiator is powered, so that it may so that hollow heat-pipe radiator and radiating riser start work Make, such heat-pipe radiator is begun to material heating, heat conduction, the heat dissipation of drying.

Described egg end the upper surface of has vacuum pump set, driving device, inlet valve, can also select assembling vacuum The equipment that the productions such as table, temperature Instrument, visor, filter, collector need.

The driving device is electric machine or is Pneumatic motor device.Driving device is connected to helical axis, driving When device moves, helical axis rotary motion is driven, promotion that can be by the material of drying in conduit from bottom to top is stirred, and is allowed Material thermally equivalent, hydrofuge, drying.

The present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art:Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier provided by the invention, It can realize lasting stirring, shorten drying time, make product dries quantity uniform, promote drying efficiency and optimizing drying effect Fruit;Heat-pipe radiator directly heats, heat conduction, heat dissipation, thermal conversion efficiency is high and loss is small, drying temperature can be set as 35- 300℃;Under the special case of same size, heat dissipation area adds 3-15 times, expands heat conduction and heat radiation speed, drying Thermal energy transmission total amount is improved;Green drying, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the single structure diagram for boring heat pipe type spiral drier of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the single hollow heat-pipe radiator for boring heat pipe type spiral drier of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the single conduit for boring heat pipe type spiral drier of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is described further with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.

Embodiment:

As shown in Figure 1:A kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier, by vacuum pump set(1), driving device(2), inlet valve (3), outlet valve(4), helical axis(5), stent(7), heat-pipe radiator(8), conduit(9), egg end(10)Composition.

The heat-pipe radiator(8)By stent(7)Support is fixed, heat-pipe radiator(8)Upper end by egg end (10)It covers and closes, heat-pipe radiator(8)Lower end outlet valve is installed(4), heat-pipe radiator(8)By egg end (10)And outlet valve(4)Closing, space just forms a warehouse for drying.

Heat-pipe radiator(8)Center of inside is equipped with conduit(9), conduit(9)Inside there is helical axis(5).

The egg end(10)On have vacuum pump set(1), driving device(2), inlet valve(3)Or basis The equipment such as vacuum meter, temperature Instrument, visor, filter, collector are assembled in the needs selection of production.

The driving device(2)It is electric machine;Driving device(2)It is connected to helical axis(5), driving device(2)Fortune When dynamic, helical axis is driven(5)Rotary motion, by the material drying in warehouse for drying in conduit(9)Inside promotion stirring from bottom to top.

Heat-pipe radiator as shown in Fig. 2(8)By the second hollow heat-pipe radiator and radiating riser(11)Composition.Heat dissipation Standpipe(11)Be one closing metal tube, radiating riser(11)The fixing seal do not closed to be welded on second hollow Second inner tube of heat-pipe radiator(13)On;Radiating riser(11)Inside and the inside of the second hollow heat-pipe radiator be mutually to pass through Logical;The electric heater unit of second hollow heat-pipe radiator(6)After energization, so that it may so that the second hollow heat-pipe radiator and heat dissipation Standpipe(11)It starts to work, such heat-pipe radiator(8)Begin to heat conduction, heat dissipation.

Heat-pipe radiator(8)Making material be metal;Heat-pipe radiator(8)Outside be vacuum interlayer insulation.

As shown in Figure 3:Conduit(9)It is that the first hollow heat-pipe radiator is formed;The first of first hollow heat-pipe radiator Inner tube(14)Internal diameter and helical axis(5)Detector for outer diameter error in 0.5mm.

During work:The material to be dried is by egg end(10)On inlet valve(3)Into warehouse for drying;Second is hollow The electric heater unit of heat-pipe radiator(6)After energization, so that it may make the second hollow heat-pipe radiator and radiating riser(11)Work, this Sample heat-pipe radiator(8)It begins to material heating, heat conduction, the heat dissipation in warehouse for drying;Drying temperature can be set as 35- 300℃;Vacuum pump set(1)Start to vacuumize, be evacuated hydrofuge;Driving device(2)Helical axis is driven during movement(5)Rotary motion, By the material of drying along conduit(9)Inside promotion stirring from bottom to top, allows material thermally equivalent, hydrofuge, drying;It is dried Material passes through outlet valve(4)Warehouse for drying is excluded, drying materials are completed.

The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not used for limiting the practical range of the present invention;If it does not take off It from the spirit and scope of the present invention, modifies or equivalently replaces the present invention, should all cover in the claims in the present invention Among protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier, it is characterised in that:Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier is by vacuum pump set(1)、 Driving device(2), inlet valve(3), outlet valve(4), helical axis(5), stent(7), heat-pipe radiator(8), conduit(9), hemisphere Shape head cover(10)Composition;
Heat-pipe radiator(8)By stent(7)Support is fixed;Heat-pipe radiator(8)Upper end by egg end(10)Covering and Closing, heat-pipe radiator(8)Lower end outlet valve is installed(4), heat-pipe radiator(8)By egg end(10)And outlet valve (4)Closing, space form a warehouse for drying;
Heat-pipe radiator(8)By the second hollow heat-pipe radiator and radiating riser(11)Composition;In second hollow heat-pipe radiator There is electric heater unit(6);
Heat-pipe radiator(8)Center of inside is equipped with conduit(9), conduit(9)Inside there is helical axis(5);
Conduit(9)It is that the first hollow heat-pipe radiator is formed;First inner tube of the first hollow heat-pipe radiator(14)Internal diameter And helical axis(5)Detector for outer diameter error in 0.2-3mm;
Egg end(10)It is installed above to have vacuum pump set(1), driving device(2), inlet valve(3);
Driving device(2)It is connected to helical axis(5), driving device(2)During movement, helical axis is driven(5)Rotary motion can will dry Material in dry storehouse is in conduit(9)Promotion, stirring inside from bottom to top;
The material to be dried is by egg end(10)On inlet valve(3)Into warehouse for drying;The electricity of hollow heat-pipe radiator Heating unit(6)After energization, so that it may make hollow heat-pipe radiator and radiating riser(11)Work, such heat-pipe radiator(8)Just Start to material heating, heat conduction, the heat dissipation in warehouse for drying;Drying temperature can be set as 35-300 DEG C;Vacuum pump set(1)It opens Beginning vacuumizes, is evacuated hydrofuge;Driving device(2)Helical axis is driven during movement(5)Rotary motion, by the material of drying along conduit (9)Inside promotion stirring from bottom to top, allows material thermally equivalent, hydrofuge, drying;Dried material passes through outlet valve(4)Row Except warehouse for drying, drying materials are completed.
2. a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Radiating riser(11)It is one The metal tube of head closing, radiating riser(11)A fixing seal not closing is welded on the second hollow heat-pipe radiator Second inner tube(13)On, radiating riser(11)The inside of inside and the second hollow heat-pipe radiator connect.
3. a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Driving device(2)It is electricity Machine device or Pneumatic motor device.
4. a kind of single cone heat pipe type spiral drier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Heat-pipe radiator(8)'s It is metal to make material;Heat-pipe radiator(8)Outside on be thermal insulation material heat preservation or vacuum interlayer insulation.
CN201410305366.XA 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier CN105318683B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410305366.XA CN105318683B (en) 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410305366.XA CN105318683B (en) 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier

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CN105318683A CN105318683A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105318683B true CN105318683B (en) 2018-06-01

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108131927A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-08 郑州诚合信息技术有限公司 Industrial chemicals stirs circulation drying equipment

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3653424A (en) * 1968-10-31 1972-04-04 Eric Harald Carlsson Method and apparatus for concentrating solutions or suspensions or for recovering the dry substance thereof
US3898745A (en) * 1972-09-01 1975-08-12 Eric Harald Carlsson Drying apparatus for concentrating solutions
US5522156A (en) * 1994-04-26 1996-06-04 Ware; Gerald J. Drying apparatus and method
CN1597589A (en) * 2004-08-04 2005-03-23 于昌 Multifunction high strength gypsum dehydration technology equipment
CN201724584U (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-01-26 李恺文 Natural ventilation type temperature superconducting heat absorbing-radiating tube
CN102331159A (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-01-25 沈善明 Single cone vacuum drier
CN103234334A (en) * 2013-04-08 2013-08-07 马锡林 Single-cone drier for feeding liquid continuously
CN103512315A (en) * 2012-06-24 2014-01-15 李锦龙 Method for drying cream and specially-used dryer thereof
CN103604282A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-26 倪任林 Equipment and method for manufacturing anhydrous nanometer montmorillonoid
CN203928644U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-05 程长青 Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3653424A (en) * 1968-10-31 1972-04-04 Eric Harald Carlsson Method and apparatus for concentrating solutions or suspensions or for recovering the dry substance thereof
US3898745A (en) * 1972-09-01 1975-08-12 Eric Harald Carlsson Drying apparatus for concentrating solutions
US5522156A (en) * 1994-04-26 1996-06-04 Ware; Gerald J. Drying apparatus and method
CN1597589A (en) * 2004-08-04 2005-03-23 于昌 Multifunction high strength gypsum dehydration technology equipment
CN201724584U (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-01-26 李恺文 Natural ventilation type temperature superconducting heat absorbing-radiating tube
CN102331159A (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-01-25 沈善明 Single cone vacuum drier
CN103512315A (en) * 2012-06-24 2014-01-15 李锦龙 Method for drying cream and specially-used dryer thereof
CN103234334A (en) * 2013-04-08 2013-08-07 马锡林 Single-cone drier for feeding liquid continuously
CN103604282A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-26 倪任林 Equipment and method for manufacturing anhydrous nanometer montmorillonoid
CN203928644U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-05 程长青 Single cone heat pipe type spiral drier

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Effective date of registration: 20191210

Address after: 325207 Ting Shi Cun, tingtian street, Ruian City, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Li Qiannan

Address before: Mengzhou City, Henan province 454750 city of Jiaozuo Zhao he Zhen Ye Qiang Cun Cheng after a Street No. 8

Patentee before: Cheng Changqing

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