CN105317196B - Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105317196B
CN105317196B CN201510804801.8A CN201510804801A CN105317196B CN 105317196 B CN105317196 B CN 105317196B CN 201510804801 A CN201510804801 A CN 201510804801A CN 105317196 B CN105317196 B CN 105317196B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
microballon
layer
foaming
modified
pvc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510804801.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105317196A (en
Inventor
周锡成
李玉荣
赵雅静
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liangshan Xicheng New Material Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Liangshan Xicheng New Material Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liangshan Xicheng New Material Co Ltd filed Critical Liangshan Xicheng New Material Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510804801.8A priority Critical patent/CN105317196B/en
Publication of CN105317196A publication Critical patent/CN105317196A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105317196B publication Critical patent/CN105317196B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of plastic, more particularly to a kind of composite plastic floor containing microballon foaming PVC, it includes the buffer layer of microballon foaming, enhancement layer, microballon foaming printed substrate, printing layer, modified PU wearing layers, embossed layers and UV solidification glazing layers etc..Good using floor strength produced by the invention height, wearability, good heat insulating, no plasticizer overflows, and solves above-mentioned technological deficiency existing for existing floor industry, the plastic floor of alternative wood floors.

Description

Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof
Technical field
It is more particularly to a kind of silicate modified containing microballon foaming the present invention relates to technical field of plastic The Combined floor of layer of PVC.
Background technology
Current domestic floor annual requirement about at 1,500,000,000 square metres or so, mainly using wood floors and plastic floor as Main, wood floors are divided into solid wooden floor board, solid wooden compound floor and reinforced composite floorboard, and solid wood and solid wooden compound floor account for 40% More than, reinforced composite floorboard 50%, especially house ornamentation floor are essentially all few portion using solid wooden compound floor and consolidated floor Divide rich Talents employing solid wooden floor board, because solid wood and solid wooden compound floor main raw material(s) are wooden boards, content of formaldehyde is less, It is but expensive.Reinforced composite floorboard is made of to use wood powder, adhesive and glued board, and content of formaldehyde is higher.China is one The poorer country of timber resources, at present China's afforestation rate there was only 16.5%, being only equivalent to the World Forests coverage rate is The 52% of 31.7%, per capita area of woods be only equivalent to 1/8 or so of world's Per capita area, substantial amounts of timber of cutting down not only reduces wood Aptitude source also destroys ecological environment, and great harm is brought to human habitat.It is that this is national to natural forest resource Use carried out that taboo is cut down and limit cuts down policy, new policy is put into effect in the planning of country 13 again, " Green Development, forbids the harvesting of wood And tree grafting growth ".Therefore the raw material for producing wood floors from now on can be fewer and fewer, and price also can be more and more expensive, can give quickly Floor Industry causes great market has openings, therefore the fitment material for family for researching and developing alternative wood floors is very important, and The top priority of material development person.
For this, Jin Liangnian lot of domestic and international enterprise, which begins one's study, develops the PVC plastic floors replacement of various formula different structures Wood floors, main formula is divided to be divided into foaming floor and floor of not foaming by technique, current foaming floor is mostly that AC foams, AC Foaming, floor cell uniformity is poor, and intensity is relatively low, wears no resistance, and service life is short, and AC foaming agents discharge after being thermally decomposed Oxynitrides and carbon monoxide, document announcement have mutagenesis, can produce stimulate it is toxic, have burn into contact scar air, Suction human body or contact raw material can cause major injury or lethal, and to solve this problem, the present invention proposes to apply microballon foaming agent PVC is foamed, the PVC uniform pore diameters of microballon foaming agent foam, medium density, high yield rate, while also improve material Intensity and anti-wear performance, and it is nontoxic, environmentally friendly;On the other hand improved from structure, in enhancement layer up and down plus micro- Pearl foamed damping layer, increase the elasticity on floor, protect the casing play on floor injury-free, extend the service life on floor.
By structure point be broadly divided into the common extrusion molding of individual layer ' structure, homogeneous penetrating structure and multi-layer combined structure, Need to add the heavy metal salt stabilizers such as plasticizer and lead, the tin of gross weight 50% or so in PVC floor production process, using During plasticizer and heavy metal stabilizer can constantly separate out, be released slowly into indoor environment, by into human body have esophagus, Three kinds of respiratory tract, skin approach enter human body, and human reproductive systems, internal system and nervous system can all be caused seriously to hinder Evil, or even the fetus in pregnant woman's abdomen is damaged.Also it is exactly to have above-mentioned reason to cause PVC floor not have also in house ornamentation field It is seldom to the accreditation of people, market dosage.Present invention employs microballon foaming multi-layer compound structure, plasticizer is not added, simultaneously On floor, top layer is provided with UV cured layers, so can be very good to prevent the spilling of low-molecular material and additive in PVC floor, from knot Solve the problems, such as PVC floor wholesomeness on structure, substantial amounts of cost can also be saved.
The content of the invention
The subject matter that the present invention solves is, for above-mentioned technology and fault in material existing for existing floor industry, carries For a kind of elasticity is good, mechanical property is good, service life length, the elastomer floor of alternative wood floors.
The present invention provides a kind of microballon foaming silicate modified PVC Combined floors, including at least microballon foamed damping layer On the enhancement layer, microballon foaming printed substrate, modified PU wearing layers and the UV cured layers that set gradually;
Printing layer can be provided between described microballon foaming printed substrate and modified PU wearing layers.
Embossed layers can be provided between modified PU wearing layers and UV cured layers.
Enhancement layer can be made by silicate modified PVC;
Microballon foamed damping layer and microballon foaming printed substrate can be that silicate modified PVC is entered using microballon foaming agent Row foaming is made, and described microballon refers to:Polyurethane granular, polyvinyl chloride microballon, polyacrylic acid microballon, polyolefin microballon, fluorine Resin microbeads, one kind of polystyrene microbeads or several mixing compositions;
Modified PU wearing layers can be using TPU, TPVC, acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, epoxy resin, polysiloxanes, carbonization Silicon, silicate, silica, calcium carbonate one or more are modified obtained to polyurethane, improve the anti-wear performance of polyurethane;
A kind of preparation method of the silicate modified PVC Combined floors of microballon foaming includes:Blending and modifying, coating, foaming, Embossing;
Comprise the following steps that:
(1)It will be added to by the silicate of surface active in PVC, it is strength modified to polyvinyl chloride resin progress, it is strong to improve its The process such as degree, blended, extrusion, calendering, press polish or molding completes the making of enhancement layer;
(2)The silicate modified PVC of one layer of microballon foaming is coated in enhancement layer upper surface using reverse roll roll application, then Through oily heat roller tube heated gel, the making of microballon foaming printed substrate is completed;
(3)Using the continuous intaglio plate of 12 colors, soft version or net roll track, foamed according to different designs scheme in microballon and print base Printed on layer, form printing layer;
(4)In order to improve floor wearability and service life, modified PU slurries are existed using floating scraper cladding process Above-mentioned surface of semi-finished coats one layer, forms modified PU wearing layers;
(5)Above-mentioned semi-finished product are inverted 180 ° using material reversing frame, using roll application is reversed, in enhancement layer lower surface The PVC of one layer of microballon foaming of coating, through gel baking oven, completes the making of microballon foamed damping layer;
(6)Above-mentioned semi-finished product pass through the gel foaming equipped with CTS bottom nozzles, TP top jet nozzles and roll-type transmission system and dried Case, microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon foaming printed substrate are foamed, with completing microballon foaming PVC combined type The foam process of plate, microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon foaming printed substrate thickness foaming precision controlling ± 0.15mm;
(7)The modification PU wearing layer upper epidermis after foaming is embossed using knurling rolls, makes to be modified the upper of PU wearing layers Portion becomes embossed layers, lifts the non-skid property and aesthetic property on floor;
(8)One layer of maskable plasticizer is coated in embossing layer surface and protects the UV glazing layers of indoor environment, and it is solid Change, form UV cured layers, produce a kind of silicate modified PVC Combined floors of microballon foaming.
(9)The said goods are detected, cutting edge, packaging, stored after detection.
Step(4)Can be:First membrane material is made using the tape casting in modified PU layers, is carried out after extrusion, printing process Line is compounded in above printing layer.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment:
In Fig. 1,1, UV cured layers, 2, embossed layers, 3, modified PU wearing layers, 4, printing layer, 5, microballon foaming printed substrate, 6th, silicate modified PVC enhancement layers, 7, microballon foamed damping layer.
A kind of silicate modified PVC Combined floors of microballon foaming, including the increasing set gradually on microballon foamed damping layer Strong layer, microballon foaming printed substrate, modified PU wearing layers and UV cured layers, microballon foamed damping thickness degree is in 1 ~ 2.5mm, enhancing 1 ~ 2.5mm of layer, microballon foam printed substrate in 0.8 ~ 1mm, 0.2 ~ 1mm of modified PU wearing layers 0.5 ~ 1mm, UV cured layer.It is purple Outside line cured layer is to be mixed and made into UV coating by polyurethane, epoxy resin and methyl acrylate one or more therein;
Printing layer is provided between described microballon foaming printed substrate and modified PU wearing layers.
Embossed layers are provided between modified PU wearing layers and UV cured layers.
Enhancement layer is made by silicate modified PVC.
Microballon foamed damping layer and microballon foaming printed substrate are that silicate modified PVC is sent out using microballon foaming agent Brewed, described microballon refers to:Polyurethane granular, polyvinyl chloride microballon, polyacrylic acid microballon, polyolefin microballon, fluororesin Microballon, one kind of polystyrene microbeads or several mixing compositions, described foaming agent refer to:Sodium carbonate, sodium acid carbonate, carbonic acid One or more of mixing compositions therein such as hydrogen ammonia, citric acid, sodium antimonate, sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, alkane.Microballon foaming agent Particle diameter is 40 ~ 80 μm, dosage 0.1%;
Modified PU wearing layers are using TPU, TPVC, acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, epoxy resin, polysiloxanes, carborundum, silicon Hydrochlorate, silica, calcium carbonate mixture are modified obtained to polyurethane;
A kind of preparation method of the silicate modified PVC Combined floors of microballon foaming includes:Blending and modifying, coating, foaming, Embossing;
Comprise the following steps that:
(1)The talcum powder, wollastonite in powder, kaolin of surface active are pressed 2:1:1 ratio, addition 50%, is added to In PVC, and it is blended by mixing up machine, the material mixed is added in extruder and extruded, the temperature of extruder Be set in the range of 155-165 DEG C, then complete enhancement layer through the prior art process such as calendering, press polish or molding and make, Now the intensity of material can improve 8% than simple PVC;
(2)Using the silicate modified PVC for reversing roll application to be foamed in enhancement layer upper surface one layer of microballon of coating, then pass through Oil heating roller heated gel, temperature are 80 DEG C, time 2S, complete the making of microballon foaming printed substrate;
(3)Using the continuous intaglio plate of 12 colors, soft version or net roll track, foamed according to different designs scheme in microballon and print base Printed on layer, form printing layer;
(4)Modified PU slurries are coated one layer using floating scraper cladding process in above-mentioned surface of semi-finished, formation changes Property PU wearing layers;
(5)Above-mentioned semi-finished product are inverted 180 ° using material reversing frame, using reverse roll roll application, in enhancement layer following table Face coats the PVC of one layer of microballon foaming, and through gel baking oven, temperature is 80 DEG C, time 4S, completes the system of microballon foamed damping layer Make;
(6)Above-mentioned semi-finished product pass through the gel foaming equipped with CTS bottom nozzles, TP top jet nozzles and roll-type transmission system and dried Case, microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon foaming printed substrate are foamed, the temperature of blowing oven is 160 DEG C, is dried The length of case is 15m, completes the foam process of microballon foaming PVC Combined floor, microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon The foaming precision controlling of the thickness for the printed substrate that foams is in ± 0.15mm;
(7)The modification PU wearing layer upper epidermis after foaming is embossed using knurling rolls, makes to be modified the upper of PU wearing layers Portion becomes embossed layers;
(8)One layer of UV glazing layer is coated in embossing layer surface, and is solidified, forms UV cured layers, produces a kind of microballon foaming Silicate modified PVC Combined floors.
(9)The said goods are detected, cutting edge, packaging, stored after detection.

Claims (4)

  1. The preparation method of silicate modified PVC Combined floors 1. a kind of microballon foams, it is characterised in that including:Blending and modifying, Coating, foaming, embossing;
    Comprise the following steps that:
    (1)It will be added to by the silicate of surface active in PVC, it is strength modified to polyvinyl chloride resin progress, completed through molding procedure The making of enhancement layer;
    (2)The silicate modified PVC of one layer of microballon foaming is coated in enhancement layer upper surface using reverse roll roll application, then through oil Heat roller tube heated gel, complete the making of microballon foaming printed substrate;
    (3)Printed according to different designs scheme in microballon foaming printed substrate, form printing layer;
    (4)Modified PU slurries are coated one layer in Combined floor surface of semi-finished using floating scraper cladding process, formed Modified PU wearing layers;
    (5)Above-mentioned semi-finished product are inverted 180 ° using material reversing frame, using roll application is reversed, coated in enhancement layer lower surface The PVC of one layer of microballon foaming, through gel baking oven, complete the making of microballon foamed damping layer;
    (6)Above-mentioned semi-finished product pass through the gel blowing oven equipped with CTS bottom nozzles, TP top jet nozzles and roll-type transmission system, right Microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon foaming printed substrate are foamed, and complete the hair of microballon foaming PVC Combined floor Bubble technique, foaming precision controlling is in ± 0.15mm;
    (7)The modification PU wearing layer upper epidermis after foaming is embossed using knurling rolls, becomes the top for being modified PU wearing layers Into embossed layers;
    (8)One layer of UV glazing layer is coated in embossing layer surface, and is solidified, forms UV cured layers, produces a kind of microballon foaming silicic acid Salt modified PVC Combined floor.
  2. The preparation method of silicate modified PVC Combined floors 2. a kind of microballon according to claim 1 foams, its feature It is:Step(8)Also comprise the following steps afterwards:By processing and fabricating complete Combined floor product detected, cutting edge, bag Stored after dress, detection.
  3. The preparation method of silicate modified PVC Combined floors 3. a kind of microballon according to claim 1 foams:Its feature It is:Step(4)For:First membrane material is made using the tape casting in modified PU layers, is compounded in online after extrusion, printing process Above printing layer.
  4. The preparation method of silicate modified PVC Combined floors 4. a kind of microballon according to claim 1 foams:Its feature It is, step(4)In, the foaming precision controlling of the thickness of microballon foamed damping layer, enhancement layer and microballon foaming printed substrate exists ±0.15mm。
CN201510804801.8A 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN105317196B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510804801.8A CN105317196B (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510804801.8A CN105317196B (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105317196A CN105317196A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105317196B true CN105317196B (en) 2017-12-05

Family

ID=55245431

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510804801.8A Expired - Fee Related CN105317196B (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105317196B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109109335A (en) * 2017-06-22 2019-01-01 陆钉毅 Plastic floor forming method and its finished product with back pad
CN108527984A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-09-14 苏州和记荣达新材料有限公司 A kind of PVC composite boards

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1533043A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-05-25 Parkett Franz GmbH Method and plant for coating wood or wooden materials
CN201390084Y (en) * 2009-03-09 2010-01-27 何庭佳 Glass light-reflection film composite plate
DE102009008381B3 (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-08-05 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing wood-based material board i.e. high density fiber board, utilized as floor laminate, involves pressing layer structure, where ground coat, primer, sealing and decorative layer are dried before applying one after another
CN203285021U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-11-13 刘宝宣 Digital ink-jet printing cork composite flooring
CN103950267A (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-07-30 张家港爱丽塑料有限公司 PVC expanded plastic composite board and production method and application thereof
CN204225409U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-25 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 High abrasion sound insulation wood-plastic decorative board
CN204401938U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-06-17 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 A kind of high abrasion sound insulation wood-plastic decorative board
CN204401956U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-06-17 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 A kind of damping and silencing snap close Wood-plastic floor
CN204781797U (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-11-18 山东乐得仕软木科技有限公司 Soft wood composite floor is moulded to PVC wood
CN205259534U (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-25 凉山州锡成新材料股份有限公司 Modified PVC laminate flooring of microballon foaming silicate

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH709448A1 (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-10-15 Proverum Ag A method for processing a useful surface of a floor covering.

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1533043A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-05-25 Parkett Franz GmbH Method and plant for coating wood or wooden materials
DE102009008381B3 (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-08-05 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing wood-based material board i.e. high density fiber board, utilized as floor laminate, involves pressing layer structure, where ground coat, primer, sealing and decorative layer are dried before applying one after another
CN201390084Y (en) * 2009-03-09 2010-01-27 何庭佳 Glass light-reflection film composite plate
CN203285021U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-11-13 刘宝宣 Digital ink-jet printing cork composite flooring
CN103950267A (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-07-30 张家港爱丽塑料有限公司 PVC expanded plastic composite board and production method and application thereof
CN204225409U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-25 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 High abrasion sound insulation wood-plastic decorative board
CN204401938U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-06-17 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 A kind of high abrasion sound insulation wood-plastic decorative board
CN204401956U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-06-17 泰州市华丽塑料有限公司 A kind of damping and silencing snap close Wood-plastic floor
CN204781797U (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-11-18 山东乐得仕软木科技有限公司 Soft wood composite floor is moulded to PVC wood
CN205259534U (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-25 凉山州锡成新材料股份有限公司 Modified PVC laminate flooring of microballon foaming silicate

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105317196A (en) 2016-02-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105908946B (en) Coextru-lamination stone moulds PVC floor
AU2015234011B2 (en) PVC composite material, foaming board and production method, equipment and floor
CN105295256B (en) A kind of PVC board and its manufacture method
CN105317196B (en) Silicate modified PVC composite floor boards of a kind of microballon foaming and preparation method thereof
US20160177579A1 (en) Pvc composite material, foam board, and flooring
CN105346172B (en) A kind of composite board and production method thereof
US20170136735A1 (en) Engineered Plank and its Manufacturing Method
CN204492098U (en) A kind of diatom ooze compound wooden floor
CN205259534U (en) Modified PVC laminate flooring of microballon foaming silicate
CN203924604U (en) A kind of PVC composite floor board
CN203160624U (en) Wood floor
CN104987613A (en) Wood plastic floor veneer
CN105587100A (en) Method for making novel PVC cork soundproof floor
CN201078075Y (en) Plastic and wood composite floor
CN206636117U (en) Petrified wood waterproof laminate floor
CN110105691A (en) A kind of floor SPC and its production technology
CN207190460U (en) A kind of elastic sound-absorbing PVC floor
CN206174287U (en) Novel composite board
CN206034848U (en) Wood -plastic board
CN108252469A (en) Heat insulating decorative board and its production technology with mounting connection structure
CN106892639A (en) Composite glass magnesium floor and the preparation method on composite glass magnesium floor
CN207260506U (en) Mute stone plastic floor
CN103790335A (en) Production process of anti-slip rubber floor
CN206204672U (en) A kind of elastic football crust
CN107605123A (en) A kind of sandwich type Sound insulation flooringses

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171205

Termination date: 20191120

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee