CN105316906B - A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine - Google Patents

A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105316906B
CN105316906B CN201410374363.1A CN201410374363A CN105316906B CN 105316906 B CN105316906 B CN 105316906B CN 201410374363 A CN201410374363 A CN 201410374363A CN 105316906 B CN105316906 B CN 105316906B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clutch
axle sleeve
washing machine
shell
platen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410374363.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105316906A (en
Inventor
迟宗锐
肖磊
栾厚利
翟清明
徐超
王珊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410374363.1A priority Critical patent/CN105316906B/en
Publication of CN105316906A publication Critical patent/CN105316906A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105316906B publication Critical patent/CN105316906B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machines, the speed-reducing clutch includes: input shaft, deceleration device, arrangement of clutch, output shaft and output sleeve, it is characterised in that: the arrangement of clutch includes at least the clutch driving unit of the clutch axle sleeve being axially movable and driving clutch axle sleeve axial movement;The clutch shaft is set on the outside of the ring gear of deceleration device;Clutch driving unit drives clutch axle sleeve axial movement, controls the different output states of output shaft and output sleeve;Upper cover of the clutch driving unit close to speed-reducing clutch shell for output shaft traversing through end is arranged.Clutch driving unit is provided close at mounting plate by the present invention, so that the section components of arrangement of clutch can be constituted using the thickness of upper cover;Meanwhile being extending at least partially into deceleration device and/or arrangement of clutch to the cavity of motor, the whole height of speed-reducing clutch is further reduced, bigger space is provided for washing tube.

Description

A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to washing machine field more particularly to a kind of speed-reducing clutch, further relate to it is a kind of equipped with above-mentioned deceleration from The washing machine of clutch.
Background technique
Washing machine is common household electrical appliance in people's daily life, and installation laundry mode is different, is divided into roller washing machine And roller washing machine.Roller washing machine generally includes outer cylinder, roller and motor, and motor driven roller is in the dynamic realization pair of outer cylinder transfer Clothing is washed or is dehydrated.Present roller washing machine is only washed using the rotation of roller merely, and roller is only utilized In lifting rib promoted and leave the mode of washings and clothing is beaten be difficult to obtain outstanding washing effect to wash Fruit.Present roller washing machine in roller there are also impeller is increased, and impeller and roller are respectively by its rotation of independent motor driven Effect is cleaned to optimize.Due to using two motors, the manufacturing cost of roller washing machine is caused to increase.
The rotation of impeller and roller can be driven by solving a motor, be a kind of good mode using speed-reducing clutch. But general speed-reducing clutch arrangement of clutch and deceleration device are located at same axial direction, general motor, arrangement of clutch, deceleration Device is set gradually along axial direction, in this way, speed-reducing clutch the space occupied can be very big, and if speed-reducing clutch the space occupied Greatly, in the shell of same volume, the space of cylindric washer will become smaller, and washing capacity will become smaller, if requiring washing capacity not It can become smaller, it is necessary to increase the volume of washing machine, nowadays how the washing machine of same volume accomplishes that maximum washing capacity is One is sought after the problem of studying.
Impeller and the interior bucket rotation of rotary drum washing machine are controlled using speed-reducing clutch, equally face the washing machine of same volume How the washing machine of maximum washing capacity or identical washing capacity how to accomplish the smallest volume the problem of is accomplished.
Since the speed-reducing clutch that existing washing machine uses is installed in outer barrel/cylinder bottom, and outer barrel/cylinder diameter than The diameter of speed-reducing clutch is much larger, so also having very large space around speed-reducing clutch, this segment space is not installed Other structures cause the waste of bottom space;And by the motor, deceleration device and arrangement of clutch of speed-reducing clutch along axial direction according to Secondary setting causes the waste of bottom space.Therefore, how the arrangement of clutch of reasonable Arrangement speed-reducing clutch, deceleration device and Motor increases the washing capacity of washing machine to reduce the whole height of speed-reducing clutch, becomes technology urgently to be solved and asks Topic.
Given this present invention is proposed.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine, slowed down with reducing The occupied space of clutch.
In order to realize the purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine, comprising: input Axis, deceleration device, arrangement of clutch, output shaft and output sleeve, the arrangement of clutch include at least the clutch shaft being axially movable The clutch driving unit of set and driving clutch axle sleeve axial movement;The clutch shaft is set on the outer of the ring gear of deceleration device Portion;Clutch driving unit drives clutch axle sleeve axial movement, controls the different output states of output shaft and output sleeve;Described Clutch driving unit is arranged close to the upper cover of speed-reducing clutch shell.
Further, the clutch driving unit includes at least the clutch platen of one with clutch axle sleeve coaxial arrangement, described Clutch platen circumferentially rotates driving clutch axle sleeve axial movement.
Further, the clutch axle sleeve outer wall is equipped with annular boss, and the annular boss is close to speed-reducing clutch shell Upper cover setting, clutch platen be set between annular boss and the upper cover of speed-reducing clutch shell;Preferably, speed-reducing clutch shell Body is the fixed structure that washing machine outer cylinder is fixedly installed to for speed-reducing clutch;It is further preferred that the upper cover and laundry of shell Machine outer cylinder/bucket is mutually fixedly connected;Another step is preferred, and the upper cover is made of mounting plate.
Further, clutch driving unit further includes a reset spring, and reset spring and clutch platen are set to annular boss It is not ipsilateral.
Further, the shell of speed-reducing clutch includes the shell for being sheathed on deceleration device and arrangement of clutch periphery, described outer Shell is mutually fixedly installed with outer barrel of washing machine/cylinder;Chlamydate auxiliary section is set at motor, the reset spring is set to cooperation Between portion and annular boss.
Further, the clutch platen is a rotatable annulus, and one end of clutch platen is circumferentially equipped at least one First wedge-shaped protrusion, one end that clutch platen is equipped with the first wedge-shaped protrusion are equipped with a fixed support construction, the support construction Be equipped with the second wedge-shaped protrusion with the first wedge-shaped male cooperation and reversed dip on clutch platen, the clutch platen it is another One end is contacted with clutch axle sleeve.
Further, the support construction is upper cover, and the upper cover is equipped with and clutch platen close to the inside of output shaft one end On the first wedge-shaped male cooperation and reversed dip the second wedge-shaped protrusion.
Further, the support construction is fixedly mounted at the fixed disk on lid, the upper lid be equipped with with from Second wedge-shaped protrusion of the first wedge-shaped male cooperation and reversed dip on combined pressure disk.
Further, the shell includes auxiliary section and auxiliary section is connected to the interconnecting piece of upper cover, the interconnecting piece with it is upper Lid is connected end equipped with the flanging to shell internal bend, and the flanging constitutes fixed disk.
Further, one end of the clutch platen is equipped at least two first wedge-shaped protrusions, and multiple first wedge-shaped protrusions are closed In the center of circle central symmetry of clutch platen, first wedge-shaped protrusion includes the first inclined-plane and the first plane, the clutch platen Support construction be equipped with the second wedge-shaped protrusion with the inclined-plane of the first wedge-shaped male cooperation and reversed dip on clutch platen, Second wedge-shaped protrusion includes the second inclined-plane and the second plane.
Further, the clutch platen outer circumference be equipped with driving clutch platen rotation driving lever, preferably driving lever with from Combined pressure disk is structure as a whole, and the speed reducer housing is equipped with a notch, and the driving lever stretches out speed reducer housing by the notch, A thrust motor is connected on the driving lever.
Further, deceleration device includes deceleration train, the ring gear engaged with deceleration train;Deceleration train and/or internal tooth Circle is at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor.
Further, the deceleration train includes the centre wheel that the deceleration device includes with inputs axis connection, with centre wheel The planetary gear of engagement, the ring gear engaged with planetary gear, the clutch axle sleeve inner wall are equipped with axial guiding spline, the internal tooth The outer wall of circle is equipped with the guide chute with guiding spline fitted, and the both ends of the clutch axle sleeve are respectively equipped with end-tooth, clutch shaft Set is axially movable in first position and the second position, when the state of first position, the end-tooth of one end of clutch axle sleeve and straight The rotor connection of motor is driven, clutch axle sleeve rotates at the same speed in the same direction with rotor, this state is dewatering state, when the second position, clutch The end-tooth of the axle sleeve other end and the mounting plate of speed-reducing clutch connect, and clutch axle sleeve is fixed, this state is washing state.
Further, the mounting plate of the speed-reducing clutch is equipped with tooth socket corresponding with the end-tooth of clutch axle sleeve, institute The end-tooth for stating clutch axle sleeve protrudes into corresponding tooth socket, and mounting plate and clutch axle sleeve are directly connected to;Or the speed-reducing clutch Mounting plate on a fixed disk is set, the fixed disk is equipped with tooth socket corresponding with the end-tooth of clutch axle sleeve, it is described from The end-tooth of sympodium set protrudes into corresponding tooth socket, and mounting plate and clutch axle sleeve are indirectly connected with;
The rotor of the direct driving motor is equipped with tooth socket corresponding with the end-tooth of clutch axle sleeve, the clutch axle sleeve End-tooth protrudes into corresponding tooth socket, and rotor and clutch axle sleeve are directly connected to;Or rotor is connected by a clutch discs and clutch axle sleeve It connects, the clutch discs are fixed with rotor or the clutch discs are fixed with input shaft, and the clutch discs are equipped with and clutch axle sleeve The corresponding tooth socket of end-tooth, the end-tooth of the clutch axle sleeve protrudes into corresponding tooth socket, between rotor and clutch axle sleeve in succession It connects.
Further, the output shaft is arranged in the inside of output sleeve, and the wheel carrier of output sleeve one end and planetary gear connects, First bearing is set between output sleeve and the mounting plate of speed-reducing clutch, and the input shaft is fixedly connected with rotor, input shaft One clutch discs of upper setting are connected between the input shaft and clutch discs by spline, the clutch discs and speed-reducing clutch shell Between second bearing is set, the deceleration device and arrangement of clutch are arranged between first bearing and second bearing.
Further, arrangement of clutch includes the clutch axle sleeve that can slide up and down, and one end of the clutch axle sleeve is equipped with and electricity The first end face tooth of machine rotor engagement, the other end are equipped with the second end face tooth that engage with shell, make ring gear through clutch axle sleeve and Shell mutually fixation or one piece of the rotor rotation with motor.
Further, the clutch axle sleeve inner circumferential be equipped with internal spline, ring gear periphery be equipped with external splines, clutch axle sleeve with Ring gear is connected through spline, and clutch axle sleeve and ring gear is made opposite can not to rotate in a circumferential direction, can axially slide relative.
Further, the clutch axle sleeve is integrally formed with ring gear.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of washing machines equipped with any of the above-described deceleration clutch clutch;Especially relate to And a kind of roller washing machine equipped with any of the above-described speed-reducing clutch, it is driven so that being installed additional in roller washing machine by speed-reducing clutch Dynamic impeller;Simultaneously as the whole height of above-mentioned speed-reducing clutch is lower, so that the roller for installing above-mentioned speed-reducing clutch additional is washed The change in size of clothing machine is not too large, to reduce the volume of washing machine in the case where washing capacity is constant, or in washing machine Increase washing capacity in the case where constancy of volume.
After technical solutions according to the invention, bring it is following the utility model has the advantages that
1, clutch driving unit is provided close at mounting plate by the present invention, so that the section components of arrangement of clutch can utilize peace The thickness of loading board is constituted, and further decreases the whole height of speed-reducing clutch.
2, the periphery of deceleration device is arranged in arrangement of clutch, makes arrangement of clutch and deceleration device on speed-reducing clutch axis Projection be at least partly overlapped, the part space that original arrangement of clutch occupies is saved, speed-reducing clutch is reduced Whole height;To reduce the volume of washing machine in the case where washing capacity is constant, or in washing machine constancy of volume In the case of increase washing capacity.
3, deceleration device and/or arrangement of clutch are at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor in the present invention, so that slow down Device and/or arrangement of clutch are at least partly overlapped with projection of the motor on speed-reducing clutch axis, to reduce speed-reducing clutch Whole height, bigger space is provided for washing tube.
4, the stator of mounting plate and motor of the present invention is directly connected to, and is eliminated the connector of the two, is reduced the quantity of part, Structure is simple, easy to assembly, saves cost.
5, the clutch driving unit of ring gear of the present invention includes at least the clutch platen of one with ring gear coaxial arrangement, clutch Platen circumferentially rotates driving ring gear axial movement, this kind of clutch driving unit, structure is simple, axially occupies little space, thus The whole height for shortening speed-reducing clutch leaves more spaces and bigger outer barrel/cylinder is arranged, increases washing capacity.
6, speed-reducing clutch axial arrangement of the present invention is compact, and each structure is disposed proximate to, and reduces axial occupied space.
A specific embodiment of the invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1: speed-reducing clutch Structure explosion diagram of the present invention
Fig. 2: speed-reducing clutch structure sectional view of the present invention
Fig. 3: further embodiment of this invention speed-reducing clutch Structure explosion diagram
Fig. 4: further embodiment of this invention speed-reducing clutch structure sectional view
Fig. 5: clutch press plate structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 6: the shell mechanism schematic diagram of speed-reducing clutch of the present invention
Fig. 7: the shell mechanism schematic diagram of another embodiment of the present invention speed-reducing clutch
Fig. 8: big structure schematic diagram is sent out in one embodiment of the invention Fig. 2 at A
Fig. 9: big structure schematic diagram is sent out in another embodiment of the present invention Fig. 2 at A
Figure 10 and Figure 11: the structural schematic diagram of mounting plate in the present invention
Wherein: 1, input shaft, 2, output shaft, 3, output sleeve, 4, ring gear, 5, end-tooth, 6, rotor, 7, stator, 8, Mounting plate, 9, engaging tooth, 10, centre wheel, 11, planetary gear, 12, planetary wheel carrier, 13, first bearing, 14, second bearing, 15, recessed Slot, 16, bolt, 17, annular boss, 18, reset spring, 19, shell, 20, clutch platen, 21, clutch axle sleeve, 22, driving lever, 23, clutch discs, 24, guiding spline, 25, guide chute, 26, annulus ontology, the 27, first wedge-shaped protrusion, the 271, first plane, 272, the second plane, 28, driving lever, the 29, second wedge-shaped protrusion, the 291, second plane, the 292, second inclined-plane, 30, notch, 31, push away Drawing motor, 32, auxiliary section, 34, interconnecting piece, 35, locating slot, 81, mounting post, 82, bolt hole, 83, straight plate part, 84, flange, 85, through-hole.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 7, invention describes a kind of speed-reducing clutch of washing machine comprising: motor, input shaft 1, deceleration device, arrangement of clutch, output shaft 2, output sleeve 3 and mounting plate 8.
The motor includes the rotor 6 and stator 7 of relative rotation after being powered.Rotor 6 is connected through input shaft 1 with deceleration device Connect, the rotation torque that motor is generated is transferred to deceleration device, deceleration device by the torque be allocated to output shaft 2 and/ Or output sleeve 3;The arrangement of clutch controls the torque output method of salary distribution, and realization output shaft 2 is Bu Tong defeated with output sleeve 3 The purpose switched between doing well.
Above-mentioned washing machine is connect if perpendicular bucket rotary drum washing machine, the output shaft 2 with impeller, the output sleeve 3 with it is interior Bucket connection, above-mentioned washing machine are connect if roller rotary drum washing machine, the output shaft 2 with impeller, the output sleeve 3 and roller Connection, above-mentioned washing machine are connect if Double-rotary drum washing machine, the output shaft 2 with the first roller, the output sleeve 3 and second Roller connection.
Above-mentioned difference output state includes that the output shaft 2 and the synchronized rotation in the same direction of output sleeve 3, this kind of state is de- Water state, different output states further include the output shaft 2 and the differential speed rotation in the same direction of output sleeve 3, this kind of state is washing shape State can be used for roller rotary drum washing machine or full-automatic impeller type washing machine, and different output states further include, the output shaft 2 and defeated Axle sleeve 3 reversely rotates out, this kind of state is washing state, can be used for double dynamical rotary drum washing machine and Double-rotary drum washing machine, different Output state further includes that the rotation of output shaft 2 is moved and 3 free state of output sleeve, can be used for false two-power washing machine.
In the present invention, arrangement of clutch, deceleration device and motor are arranged along the axis of input shaft respectively, deceleration device and electricity Machine, and/or deceleration device and the throwing of arrangement of clutch, and/or arrangement of clutch and motor on the input shaft axis of speed-reducing clutch Shadow is at least partly overlapped, to reduce the whole height of speed-reducing clutch.
Embodiment one
In the present embodiment, the arrangement of clutch is at least partially disposed in the periphery of deceleration device, makes arrangement of clutch and slows down Projection of the device on speed-reducing clutch axis is at least partly overlapped.
In the present embodiment, the arrangement of clutch includes that the clutch axle sleeve 21 being axially movable and driving clutch axle sleeve 21 are axial Mobile clutch driving unit.Clutch axle sleeve 21 is slided up and down through clutch driving unit drive, output shaft 2 and output sleeve 3 It is switched between different output states.
In the present embodiment, the clutch axle sleeve 21 is sleeved on the peripheral part of deceleration device, so that clutch axle sleeve 21 and deceleration Projection of the device on speed-reducing clutch axis is at least partly overlapped.By above-mentioned setting, by that portion of original clutch axle sleeve 21 Point height space saves, and the whole height of speed-reducing clutch is reduced, so as in the case where washing capacity is constant Reduce the volume of washing machine, or increases washing capacity in the case where washing machine constancy of volume.In the research and development of washing machine, outside Even if the height of bucket/cylinder bottom speed-reducing clutch subtract be reduced by several millimeters it is all very big at last improve, the influence to washing capacity is just Can be very big, and the axial length of general clutch axle sleeve 21 can reach tens millimeters, clutch axle sleeve is put into deceleration dress by the present invention The axial length of clutch axle sleeve is saved, has and greatly improve to washing capacity by the outside for the reduction gearing set.
Embodiment two
In the present embodiment, deceleration device includes deceleration train, the ring gear engaged with deceleration train;Deceleration train and/or Ring gear is at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor.Input shaft one end is connected with the rotor of motor, the other end is through deceleration train It is respectively connected with output sleeve and output shaft.
The different output states of speed-reducing clutch determine that the present invention only introduces by the deceleration wheel train structure inside deceleration device One such deceleration train;The deceleration train includes centre wheel 10, it is being engaged with centre wheel 10, around centre wheel 10 revolve Planetary gear 11, the ring gear 4 engaged with planetary gear 11;Planetary gear 11 is meshed with centre wheel 10, ring gear 4 respectively, makes to go Star-wheel 11 generates the revolution around 10 axis of centre wheel;Planetary gear 11 and/or centre wheel 10 are at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor In.
The deceleration device includes centre wheel 10, planetary gear 11 engaging with centre wheel 10, revolving around centre wheel 10, with The ring gear 4 that planetary gear 11 engages;Planetary gear 11 is meshed with centre wheel 10, ring gear 4 respectively, make the axis of planetary gear 11 around The axis of centre wheel 10 is rotated, so that planetary gear 11 revolves around centre wheel 10.Planetary gear 11 and/or at least portion of centre wheel 10 It is divided into the hollow portion of motor.
The centre wheel 10 is mounted on input shaft 1 and/or output shaft 2.The centre wheel 10 respectively with input shaft 1, defeated Shaft 2 can not relative rotation connection or centre wheel 10 be integrated with input shaft 1 and/or output shaft 2.1 one end of input shaft with The rotor 6 of direct driving motor connects, and the other end is connect with centre wheel 10;2 one end of output shaft connect the other end and washes with centre wheel 10 The impeller of clothing machine is connected.
Above-mentioned input shaft 1 and output shaft 2 can be two axis, connect respectively with centre wheel 10 or above-mentioned input shaft 1 and Output shaft 2 is an axis, and currently preferred is input shaft 1 and output shaft 2 is one coaxial, such 1 He of situation input shaft The support of two bearings of output shaft 2 needs, further decreases the whole height of speed-reducing clutch.
The planetary gear 11 is mounted on planetary wheel carrier 12.The planetary wheel carrier 12 and output sleeve 3 can not be relatively all Connection or planetary wheel carrier 12 to rotation are integrated with output sleeve 3.Preferably, 3 one end of output sleeve and planetary wheel carrier 12 Connection, the other end are connected with interior bucket/cylinder of washing machine.
Embodiment three
In the present embodiment, the inner wall of clutch axle sleeve 21 is equipped with the engaging tooth being meshed with planetary gear 11, so that clutch shaft Set 21 constitutes the ring gear 4 of deceleration device.Clutch axle sleeve 21 can be meshed with planetary gear 11, can also be with respect to planetary gear 11 along axis Generate sliding.Under the action of clutch driving unit, so that clutch axle sleeve 21 is axially generating movement, to control 2 He of output shaft Output sleeve 3 switches between different output states.
In the present embodiment, during clutch axle sleeve 21 slides axially, it is both needed to keep clutch axle sleeve 21 and deceleration device Inside at least partly planetary gear 11 is meshed.Preferably, the clutch axle sleeve 21 is made of straight tube sleeve, on the inner wall of straight tube sleeve It is evenly equipped with the engaging tooth being meshed with planetary gear 11.One end of the engaging tooth from straight tube sleeve extends to the other end, so that During clutch axle sleeve 21 slides axially, planetary gear is meshed with the engaging tooth of clutch axle sleeve 21, to guarantee deceleration device Engagement stationarity.
By the way that clutch axle sleeve 21 and ring gear 4 can be integrated part, individual clutch axle sleeve or ring gear are eliminated, is reduced The quantity of part, structure is simple, easy to assembly, saves cost.
Example IV
In the present embodiment, the outside of the ring gear 4 of deceleration device is arranged in the clutch axle sleeve 21, axial with ring gear 4 Can the opposite circumferential not relatively turnable connection of sliding, the axial movement of clutch axle sleeve 21 make ring gear 4 by clutch axle sleeve 21 with The structure of different conditions connects, and controls the different output states of output shaft 2 and output sleeve 3, sets on the inner wall of the ring gear 4 There is engaging tooth, so that ring gear 4 is meshed with planetary gear 11.
In the present embodiment, the outer wall of the ring gear 4 is equipped with axial guiding spline 24, and 21 inner wall of clutch axle sleeve is set There is the guide chute 25 cooperated with guiding spline 24.Clutch axle sleeve 21 can be moved in the axial direction in the outside of ring gear 4, complete with The structures of different conditions connects, such as rotational structure and fixed structure, and ring gear 4 be it is axial static, such ring gear 4 it is close What envelope became is more easier, and the requirement to machining accuracy will not be too high, so that processing cost is reduced, if ring gear 4 is axial sliding It is dynamic, it is higher to the seal request being slidably connected, so, setting one can slide completion and different shapes in the axial direction in the present invention The clutch axle sleeve 21 of the structure connection of state, completes the function of clutch, meanwhile, ring gear 4 and clutch can be driven in internal circumferential Axle sleeve 21 has identical rotary state.
Embodiment five
In the present embodiment, the both ends of clutch axle sleeve 21 are respectively equipped with end-tooth 5, and clutch axle sleeve 21 is in clutch driving unit It is axially movable under effect, so that clutch axle sleeve 21 can be at first position and the second position.
When the state of first position, the end-tooth 5 of 21 one end of clutch axle sleeve is connect with a rotational structure, clutch axle sleeve 21 with turn The synchronized rotation in the same direction of son 6, this state is dewatering state;
When the second position, the end-tooth 5 of 21 other end of clutch axle sleeve is connect with a fixed structure, and clutch axle sleeve is fixed, this State is washing state.
It is also possible that making clutch axle sleeve 21 be in the third place under clutch driving unit effect.When the third place state, The end-tooth 5 at 21 both ends of clutch axle sleeve is not connected with other structures, and clutch axle sleeve 21 is made to be in free state, this state one As also be washing state.
The rotational structure can be the rotor 6 or and the relatively-stationary clutch discs 13 of rotor 6 of direct driving motor; The fixed structure can be outer cylinder or shell 19 or and the relatively-stationary fixed disk of shell 19.
The speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and at least partly from It attaches together and is arranged in shell.The shell includes 14 and of shell set on deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;Preferably, on described Lid is made of mounting plate 8.
Mounting plate 8 is equipped with tooth socket 9 corresponding with the end-tooth 5 of clutch axle sleeve 21, the end face of the clutch axle sleeve 21 Tooth 5 protrudes into corresponding tooth socket 9, and mounting plate 8 and clutch axle sleeve are directly connected to, this kind of connection type, and structure is simple, assembly is simple, Components are less, save the cost;Or a fixed disk (fixed disk is being not shown in the figure), the fixed disk are set on mounting plate 8 It is equipped with tooth socket 9 corresponding with the end-tooth 5 of clutch axle sleeve, the end-tooth 5 of the clutch axle sleeve protrudes into corresponding tooth socket 9, Mounting plate 8 and clutch axle sleeve 21 are indirectly connected with, this kind of connection type is more advantageous to the service life of mounting plate, if clutch axle sleeve is logical The tooth socket 9 crossed on end-tooth 5 and mounting plate 8 is directly connected to, and since torque is larger in rotation process, after tooth socket 9 damages, needing will be whole A mounting plate is all replaced, if being connected by the tooth socket 9 in fixed disk, after the tooth socket 9 in fixed disk damages, can only be replaced Fixed disk, the maintenance of such washing machine in the future become more convenient.
The rotor 6 of direct driving motor is equipped with tooth socket 9 corresponding with the end-tooth 5 of clutch axle sleeve, the clutch axle sleeve End-tooth 5 protrudes into corresponding tooth socket 9, and rotor 6 and clutch axle sleeve are directly connected to, this kind of connection type, and structure is simple, assembly is simple Single, components are less, save the cost;Or rotor 6 connect by a clutch discs 23 with clutch axle sleeve, the clutch discs 23 and turn 6 fixation of son or the clutch discs 23 are fixed with input shaft 1, and the clutch discs 23 are equipped with 5 phase of end-tooth with clutch axle sleeve Corresponding tooth socket 9, the end-tooth 5 of the clutch axle sleeve protrude into corresponding tooth socket 9, and rotor 6 and clutch axle sleeve are indirectly connected with, this kind Connection type plays better protective effect to rotor, and rotor high speed rotation when due to dehydration, torque is larger, opens on rotor 6 Slot can affect the intensity of rotor 6, so having to increase the thickness of rotor 6, will cause the increasing additive weight of cost Increase, so being indirectly connected with by clutch discs 23 as preferred embodiment, it is further preferred that clutch discs 23 and rotor 6 are solid Fixed connection can be connected by way of interference fit or spline connection.
Embodiment six
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, the present embodiment is introduced one kind clutch axle sleeve as described in embodiment one to five is any and is moved axially Clutch driving unit, clutch driving unit include at least one with clutch axle sleeve 21 be coaxially disposed clutch platen 20, it is described from Combined pressure disk 20 circumferentially rotates the axial movement of driving clutch axle sleeve 21.
Clutch platen 20 is a rotatable annulus ontology 26, one end of annulus ontology 26 be circumferentially equipped at least one the One wedge-shaped protrusion 27, the other end are contacted with clutch axle sleeve 21, and one end that clutch platen 20 is equipped with the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 is equipped with one Fixed support construction, the support construction are equipped with and match on clutch platen 20 the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and reversely incline Oblique the second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 or wedge shape are concave, due to support construction be it is fixed, when clutch platen 20 rotates, the first wedge shape is convex When playing 27 highest point and the highest point contact of the second wedge-shaped protrusion 28, the other end of clutch platen 20 squeezes clutch axle sleeve 21 Another location on to axial direction, when clutch platen 20 continues to rotate or rotates backward, the highest point of the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 with When the minimum point contact of the second wedge-shaped protrusion 28, clutch axle sleeve 21 is returned to home position.
This kind of clutch driving unit, structure is simple, axially occupies little space, to reduce the whole high of speed-reducing clutch It is bigger for outer barrel/cylinder, increase washing capacity, so that subtracting in the case where washing capacity is constant to leave more space settings for degree The volume of small washing machine, or increase washing capacity in the case where washing machine constancy of volume.
Clutch driving unit further includes a reset spring 18, the clutch platen 20 and the setting of the reset spring 18 from The periphery of sympodium set 21 is at least partly overlapped with projection of the ring gear 4 on speed-reducing clutch axis, outside the clutch axle sleeve 21 Wall is equipped with annular boss 17, and the side of annular boss 17 is arranged in clutch platen 20, and reset spring 18 is arranged in annular boss The other side or the clutch platen 20 and reset spring 18 the same side of annular boss is set.
Clutch platen 20 and reset spring 18 can also be separately positioned on the two sides of annular boss 17, when 20 turns of clutch platen Dynamic, when the highest point contact of the highest point of the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and the second wedge-shaped protrusion 28, the other end of clutch platen 20 will Clutch axle sleeve 21 is expressed to the another location in axial direction, and reset spring 18 is compressed, when clutch platen 20 continues to rotate or instead To rotation, when the minimum point contact of the highest point of the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and the second wedge-shaped protrusion 28, clutch platen 20 is to clutch The extruding force of axle sleeve 21 disappears, and 18 restoring force of reset spring makes clutch axle sleeve 21 be returned to home position.
Certain clutch platen 20 and reset spring 18 also can be set in the same side of annular boss 17, and clutch platen 20 squeezes When pressing annular boss 17 to drive clutch axle sleeve 21 mobile, 18 under tension of reset spring, when clutch platen 20 is to clutch shaft When the extruding force of set 21 disappears, 18 restoring force of reset spring makes clutch axle sleeve 21 be returned to home position.
The speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and at least partly from It attaches together and is arranged in shell.The shell includes 14 and of shell set on deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;Preferably, on described Lid is made of mounting plate 8.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 8, the support construction is shell 19, and the shell 19 is set close to the inside of 1 one end of input shaft Have on clutch platen 20 the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 cooperation and reversed dip the second wedge-shaped protrusion 29, reset spring 18 it is another One end is supported on mounting plate 8 (detailed in Example seven).
Alternatively, as shown in figures 7 and 9, the support construction is mounting plate 8, the mounting plate 8 is equipped with and clutch platen Second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 of the cooperation of the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and reversed dip on 20, the other end of reset spring 18 is supported on outer On shell 19 (detailed in Example eight).
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, one end of clutch platen 20 is equipped at least two first wedge-shaped protrusions 27, multiple first wedge shapes Center of circle central symmetry of the protrusion 27 about clutch platen 20, first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 include that the first inclined-plane 272 and first is flat Face 271, the support construction of the clutch platen 20 be equipped with it is identical as 27 shape of the first wedge-shaped protrusion on clutch platen 20 and Second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 of reversed dip, second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 include cooperating with the first inclined-plane 272 and the first plane 271 The second inclined-plane 292 and the second plane 291.When the first inclined-plane 272 and fully mated the second inclined-plane 292, clutch axle sleeve 21 is in Reset condition;Clutch platen 20 rotates the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and gradually rotates, since support construction is fixed, clutch platen 20 When rotation squeezes 21 to the first plane 271 of clutch axle sleeve and fully mated the second plane 291, clutch platen 20 is by clutch axle sleeve 21 It is expressed to the another location in axial direction, reset spring 18 is compressed, when clutch platen 20 continues to rotate or rotates backward, clutch Platen 20 disappears to the extruding force of clutch axle sleeve 21, and 18 restoring force of reset spring makes clutch axle sleeve 21 be returned to home position.
Or the support construction of the clutch platen 20 is equipped with and 27 shape of the first wedge-shaped protrusion on clutch platen 20 Identical wedge shape is concave, and the concave wedge shape includes the inclined-plane cooperated with the first inclined-plane and the first plane and a plane.Clutch Platen 20 turn to first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 it is concave interior completely into the wedge shape of matched setting when, at clutch axle sleeve 21 In reset condition;Clutch platen 20 rotate the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 gradually screws out it is wedge-shaped concave, due to support construction be it is fixed, Clutch axle sleeve 21 is expressed to the another location in axial direction by clutch platen 20, and reset spring 18 is compressed, when clutch platen 20 after Continuous rotation rotates backward, and gradually screw-in wedge shape is concave again for the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27, and clutch platen 20 is to clutch axle sleeve 21 Extruding force disappears, and 18 restoring force of reset spring makes clutch axle sleeve 21 be returned to home position.
26 outer circumference of annulus ontology of clutch platen 20 is equipped with the driving lever 28 of driving clutch platen rotation, preferably driving lever 28 are structure as a whole with the annulus ontology 26 of clutch platen 20, and the shell 19 is equipped with a notch 30, and the driving lever 28 passes through The notch 30 stretches out shell 19, one push-and-pull motor 31 of connection on the driving lever 28, and setting is for pushing and pulling 31 motor of motor on driving lever 28 The slotted hole that axis passes through, the motor shaft that motor 31 is pushed and pulled under the action of pushing and pulling motor 31 move back and forth, and drive the past of driving lever 28 Multiple rotation, to realize the reciprocating rotation of clutch platen 20.
Certainly it drives the mode of 20 low-angle reciprocating rotation of clutch platen to have very much, the driving side of gear can also be passed through Formula: driving lever is rotated equipped with fan-shaped circumference gear or fan-shaped face gear, another gear of a motor driven, the gear and sector Circumference gear or the engagement of fan-shaped face gear, motor-driven gear positive and negative rotation, it can be achieved that driving lever 28 reciprocating rotation, thus real The reciprocating rotation of existing clutch platen 20.
The rotation of clutch platen 20 can also be driven by crank-rocker mechanism.
Embodiment seven
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 8, in the present embodiment, the clutch platen 20 is set to the ring of shell 19 and clutch axle sleeve 21 Between shape boss 17.
As shown in fig. 6, in the present embodiment, shell 19 include the auxiliary section 32 being arranged at motor and by auxiliary section 32 with The interconnecting piece 34 that mounting plate 8 is connected.
As shown in figure 8, the auxiliary section 32 is filled in disk, the ring-type of auxiliary section 32 and clutch axle sleeve 21 in the present embodiment Clutch platen 20 is equipped between boss 17;Preferably, be equipped in the shell 19 be sleeved on it is on input shaft 1, with input shaft 1 The clutch discs 23 rotated jointly, the clutch discs 23 are provided close at the auxiliary section 32 of shell 19.The ring-type of clutch axle sleeve 21 The reset spring 18 of tensioning is equipped between boss 17 and mounting plate 8, to provide reset response power to clutch axle sleeve 21.
One end of clutch platen 21 is equipped at least two first wedge-shaped protrusions 27, and each first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 is to close to cooperation The direction of 32 side of portion extends.Center of circle central symmetry of multiple first wedge-shaped protrusions 27 about clutch platen 20, first wedge shape Protrusion 27 includes the first inclined-plane 272 and the first plane 271.
The auxiliary section 32 of shell 19 is equipped with identical as 27 shape of the first wedge-shaped protrusion on clutch platen 20 and reversely inclines The second oblique wedge-shaped protrusion 29, second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 extend to close to 21 direction of clutch platen.Second wedge shape Protrusion 29 includes the second inclined-plane 292 cooperated with the first inclined-plane 272 and the first plane 271 and the second plane 291.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment eight
As shown in figures 7 and 9, in the present embodiment, the clutch platen 20 is set to the ring of mounting plate 8 and clutch axle sleeve 21 Between shape boss 17.
As shown in fig. 7, in the present embodiment, shell 19 include the auxiliary section 32 being arranged at motor and by auxiliary section 32 with The interconnecting piece 34 that mounting plate 8 is connected.
As shown in figure 9, the auxiliary section 32 is filled in disk, the ring-type of auxiliary section 32 and clutch axle sleeve 21 in the present embodiment Reset spring 18 is equipped between boss 17, to provide reset response power to clutch axle sleeve 21;Preferably, it is set in the shell 19 Have and be sleeved on clutch discs 23 on input shaft 1, rotating jointly with input shaft 1, the clutch discs 23 are provided close to shell and match At conjunction portion 32.Clutch platen 21 is equipped between the annular boss 17 and mounting plate 8 of clutch axle sleeve 21, to control clutch axle sleeve axial direction Sliding.
One end of clutch platen 21 is equipped at least two first wedge-shaped protrusions 27, and each first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 is to close to installation The direction of 8 side of plate extends.Center of circle central symmetry of multiple first wedge-shaped protrusions 27 about clutch platen 20, first wedge shape are convex Playing 27 includes the first inclined-plane 272 and the first plane 271.
The mounting plate 8 is equipped with identical and reversed dip as 27 shape of the first wedge-shaped protrusion on clutch platen 20 the Two wedge-shaped protrusions 29, second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 include the second inclined-plane cooperated with the first inclined-plane 272 and the first plane 271 292 and second plane 291.
It is also possible that second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 is set in fixed disk, the fixed disk and mounting plate 8 are fixed and are connected It connects.Preferably, the fixed disk is made of shell 19, and the shell 19 is equipped with the end that is connected of mounting plate 8 to shell The flanging of 19 internal bends, the flanging are equipped with the second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 matched with clutch platen 20.
As shown in fig. 7, the auxiliary section 32 of shell 19 is filled in disk, between auxiliary section 32 and the annular boss 17 of clutch axle sleeve 21 Reset spring 18 equipped with tensioning, to provide reset response power to clutch axle sleeve 21.Preferably, 19 lower part of shell is equipped with Be sleeved on clutch discs 23 on input shaft 1, rotating jointly with input shaft 1, the reset spring 18 be set to clutch discs 23 with Between the annular boss 17 of clutch axle sleeve 21.
In the present embodiment, the auxiliary section 32 or clutch discs 23 are equipped with locating slot 35, make the end of reset spring 18 In locating slot 35, to provide circumferentially positioned support for reset spring 18.
It is the another of reset spring 18 it is further preferred that also being provided with locating slot 35 on the annular boss 17 of clutch axle sleeve 21 One end provides circumferentially positioned support (indicating not in the drawings).
By above-mentioned setting so that the clutch driving unit of arrangement of clutch is provided close at mounting plate, and make mounting plate or Shell constitutes a part of component of clutch driving unit, to reduce the component count of speed-reducing clutch;At the same time it can also utilize peace At least partly the second wedge-shaped protrusion is arranged in the thickness of loading board, so that the whole height of speed-reducing clutch further reduces.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment nine
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the motor is the direct driving motor being made of rotor 6 and stator 7, if Annular in shape in internal stator 7 or rotor 6, cricoid stator 7 or rotor 6 have certain thickness, enable cricoid stator 7 or rotor The hollow portion of the 6 hollow composition motors surrounded.
Preferably, motor is the direct driving motor of inner stator outer rotor, and stator 7 annular in shape is set to inside rotor 6;Further Preferably, the opposite sides face of stator 7 is respectively the first side being connected with mounting plate 8 and the second side coated by rotor 6;Turn Son 6 includes the disk of cladding 7 second side of stator, and outer circumferential 7 first side direction of stator of disk is bent to form package 7 periphery of stator The flanging of wall;It is connected at the disc centre of rotor 6 with the end of input shaft 1.
In the present embodiment, the deceleration device is at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor;Preferably, the deceleration dress The gear parts set are arranged in the hollow portion of motor.By the way that deceleration device to be at least partially disposed in the hollow portion of motor, make Deceleration device is at least partly overlapped with projection of the motor on speed-reducing clutch axis, to reduce the whole high of speed-reducing clutch Degree.
In the present embodiment, the ratio wheel pastern of deceleration device, which sets up separately, to be set in the hollow portion of motor, such motor and deceleration Device has also shared axial space, further reduces axial space shared by outer barrel/cylinder bottom structure, reserves more skies Between increase scrubbing space.
In the present embodiment, the outer gear ring 4 of deceleration device is directly constituted by clutch axle sleeve 21;Or connection can not outside outer gear ring 4 Relative rotation, only with respect to sliding clutch axle sleeve 21.A part of outer gear ring 4 is set in the hollow portion of motor.
Bolt 16 is connected at the disc centre of rotor 6, bolt 16 is connected with the one end of input shaft 1;The bolt 16 are completely in the hollow portion of motor.The groove 15 to motor hollow portion indent is equipped at the disc centre of rotor 6, bolt 16 is worn It crosses 15 bottom of groove and is mutually fixedly connected with 1 one end of input shaft that the rotor other side is arranged.The nut portion of bolt 16 is in groove 15 In, spiral shell, 16 nut portion is arranged without departing from 15 opening of groove.To so that the bolt 16 of connection rotor 6 and input shaft 1 Axial space is shared with motor, the nut portion to avoid bolt protrusion influences speed-reducing clutch whole height.It further decreases Axial space shared by outer barrel/cylinder bottom structure reserves more spaces to increase scrubbing space.It is described in the present embodiment The either component that rotor can also be connected with input shaft for other of bolt, which be set in groove, to avoid The whole height of connector increase speed-reducing clutch.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment ten
As shown in Figures 1 to 7, in the present embodiment, a shell 19 is set, shell 19 is outer with washing machine outside clutch axle sleeve 21 Bucket/cylinder is relatively fixed, and part is arranged in the cavity of direct driving motor stator 7.
The shell 19 includes at least the auxiliary section 32 being arranged at rotor 6.
As shown in fig. 6, the auxiliary section 32 can match with clutch platen 20, provide and move up and down for clutch platen 20 Pressure, to constitute support construction engaged therewith.The auxiliary section 32 is a disk assembling structure, and the side of disk assembling structure is equipped with With the second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 of the cooperation of the first wedge-shaped protrusion 27 and reversed dip on clutch platen 20;Reset spring 18 at this time The other end is supported on mounting plate 8.
It is also possible that as shown in fig. 7, the auxiliary section 32 matches with reset spring 18, provides branch for reset spring 18 Active force is supportted, to constitute the support construction of reset spring 18.The auxiliary section 32 is a disk assembling structure, the side of disk assembling structure Equipped with the locating slot 35 fixed for reset spring 18;It is arranged on mounting plate 8 at this time and the first wedge-shaped protrusion on clutch platen 20 Second wedge-shaped protrusion 29 of 27 cooperations and reversed dip.
In the present embodiment, the auxiliary section 32 is connected through interconnecting piece 34 with mounting plate 8.The interconnecting piece 34 with match Conjunction portion is integrally formed shell 19.Preferably, the interconnecting piece 34 is coated on the peripheral part of clutch axle sleeve 21, clutch platen 20, Preventing collision protection is provided for arrangement of clutch and deceleration device.The one end of interconnecting piece 34 is connected with the periphery of auxiliary section 32, separately One end is equipped with the flanging connecting with mounting plate 8.
It is further preferred that interconnecting piece 34 is equipped with notch, 26 outer circumference of annulus ontology of clutch platen 20 is equipped with Drive the driving lever 28 of clutch platen rotation.Driving lever 28 and the annulus ontology 26 of clutch platen 20 are structure as a whole.The driving lever 28 Shell 19 is stretched out by the notch 30.Connection one pushes and pulls motor 31 on the driving lever 28, and setting is for pushing and pulling motor 31 on driving lever 28 The slotted hole that motor shaft passes through pushes and pulls 31 motor shaft of motor under the action of pushing and pulling motor 31 and moves back and forth, drives driving lever 28 Reciprocating rotation, to realize the reciprocating rotation of clutch platen 20.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment 11
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, first bearing 13 is equipped at mounting plate 8, close to the input of rotor 6 Axis 1 is equipped with second bearing 14.The deceleration device is arranged between first bearing 13 and second bearing 14, and deceleration device and First bearing 13, second bearing 14 are disposed proximate to.
In the present embodiment, the middle part of mounting plate 8 is equipped with the through-hole passed through for output sleeve 3 and output shaft 2, the through-hole Flange equipped with outward bending, the flange directly surround hollow bearing block.First bearing is equipped in the bearing block 13, so that first bearing 13 is set between output sleeve 3 and mounting plate 8, to provide positioning branch to output sleeve 3 and output shaft 2 Support effect.
In the present embodiment, the input shaft 1 is directly or indirectly fixedly connected with rotor 6, close with rotor 6 on input shaft 1 A clutch discs 23 are arranged in junction.It is connected between the input shaft 1 and clutch discs 23 by spline, makes input shaft 1 and clutch discs It opposite can not rotate in a circumferential direction between 23.Second bearing 14 is set between the clutch discs 23 and shell 19, to provide input shaft 1 Positioning support effect.
In the present embodiment, deceleration device and arrangement of clutch are provided entirely between first bearing 13 and second bearing 14; Meanwhile arrangement of clutch is sleeved on outside deceleration device, makes the projection of arrangement of clutch and deceleration device on speed-reducing clutch axis At least partly it is overlapped.By above-mentioned setting, so that being installed on the axial distance of deceleration device before, it is mounted with deceleration device now And arrangement of clutch, substantially reduce the whole height of speed-reducing clutch;Meanwhile deceleration device and arrangement of clutch are in speed-reducing clutch Projection on axis is at least partly overlapped, and both ensure that the effect that can be realized clutch, moreover it is possible to greatly reduce speed-reducing clutch Volume.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment 12
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the mounting plate 8 of speed-reducing clutch and the stator 7 of direct driving motor directly connect It connecing, eliminates the connector of the two, reduce the quantity of part, structure is simple, and it is easy to assembly, save cost.
Preferably, mounting plate 8 is protruded above equipped at least one peace certain thickness, extend to 7 direction of stator of motor Dress column 81, the stator 7 of motor is connected with the protruding end of mounting post 81, to guarantee between the rotor 6 of motor and mounting plate 8 Distance is large enough to hold arrangement of clutch and deceleration device;Preferably, arrangement of clutch and deceleration device are on speed-reducing clutch axis Projection is at least partly overlapped.
Mounting plate 8 protrudes above the mounting post 81 that multiple same thickness are arranged, the center line pair of each 81 relative stator 7 of mounting post Claim arrangement, to improve the installation reliability of stator 7.
It is further preferred that under the premise of the height of motor hollow portion is large enough to hold arrangement of clutch and deceleration device, electricity The stator 7 of machine is directly installed on the surface of mounting plate 8, without add or connect on mounting plate 8 other increase slow down from The connector (indicating not in the drawings) of clutch whole height;The connector is for example: mounting post 81.To so that slowing down Device and arrangement of clutch are at least partly overlapped with projection of the motor on speed-reducing clutch axis, both ensure that can be realized from The effect closed, slowed down, moreover it is possible to substantially reduce the whole height of speed-reducing clutch, reduce the volume of speed-reducing clutch.
In the present embodiment, the speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and At least partly arrangement of clutch is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery Shell 14 and upper cover set on 14 one end of shell.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell 14;It is preferred that , the upper cover is made of mounting plate 8.
Embodiment 13
A kind of speed-reducing clutch comprising: input shaft 1, deceleration device, arrangement of clutch, output shaft 2, output sleeve 3 and electricity Machine.The speed-reducing clutch is fixedly mounted on outer cylinder/bucket of washing machine through shell, deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch It is set in the housing.The shell includes being set to the shell of deceleration device and at least partly arrangement of clutch periphery and set on shell The upper cover of one end.The upper cover is mutually fixedly connected respectively with outer cylinder/bucket and shell;Preferably, the upper cover is by 8 structure of mounting plate At.
As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, in the present embodiment, the mounting plate 8 includes one subvertical flat with output shaft 2 Plate portion 83, flat part 83 are equipped with the through-hole 85 passed through for output sleeve 3.
The circumference of through-hole 85 is equipped with the flange 84 of outward bending, and the flange 84 constitutes parallel with 2 axis of output shaft Bearing block.First bearing 13 is equipped in the bearing block, the first bearing 13 is set in outside output sleeve 3, to defeated Axle sleeve 3 provides support positioning out.
The flat part 83 of mounting plate be equipped with bolt hole 82, the bolt through being matched with above-mentioned bolt hole 82 by mounting plate 8 with Outer barrel of washing machine/cylinder bottom is connected.Preferably, multiple bolts hole 82 are equipped with close to 83 periphery of flat part.The flat part 83 peripheral shape is the circle matched with the circumferential profile of motor, is equipped with along the periphery of round flat part 836 is equally spaced Multiple bolts hole 82 through 83 two sides of flat part, the through-hole 85 are set at the center of round flat part 83.It is further excellent Choosing, flat part 83 is in the shape matched with the outer cylinder of washing machine/bucket bottom, is affixed flat part 83 with outer cylinder/bucket bottom Splice grafting touching.
The flat part 83 of mounting plate protrudes above at least one mounting post that equipped with the certain altitude, direction Xiang Dingzi extends 81, the stator of motor is connected with the protruding end of mounting post 81.Preferably, the middle part of round flat part 83 is equipped with multiple relatively flat The mounting post 81 of the symmetrical arrangement in the center in plate portion 83, the axis of each mounting post 81 is parallel with the axis of output shaft 2 and will Each mounting post is set to the stator corresponding section with motor, fixes the end of each mounting post 81 with 7 phase of the stator of motor respectively and connects It connects.
The foregoing is merely the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those of ordinary skill in the art and Speech, without departing from the principles of the present invention, can also make various deformation and improvement, this also should be considered as protection of the invention Range.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine, comprising: input shaft, deceleration device, arrangement of clutch, output shaft and output sleeve, Be characterized in that: the arrangement of clutch includes at least the clutch of the clutch axle sleeve being axially movable and driving clutch axle sleeve axial movement Driving device;The clutch shaft is set on the outside of the ring gear of deceleration device;Clutch driving unit drives clutch axle sleeve axis To movement, the different output states of output shaft and output sleeve are controlled;The clutch driving unit is close to speed-reducing clutch shell Body is arranged for the upper cover of output shaft traversing through end;The both ends of clutch axle sleeve are respectively arranged with end-tooth, upper cover and washing machine outer cylinder/bucket It is mutually fixedly connected, upper cover is made of mounting plate, and a fixed disk is provided on mounting plate, is provided in fixed disk and clutch axle sleeve The corresponding tooth socket of end-tooth, the end-tooth of the clutch axle sleeve protrude into corresponding tooth socket, between mounting plate and clutch axle sleeve in succession It connects.
2. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the clutch driving unit is extremely It less include the clutch platen of one with clutch axle sleeve coaxial arrangement, the clutch platen circumferentially rotates driving clutch axle sleeve and axially moves It is dynamic.
3. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: set on the clutch axle sleeve outer wall There is annular boss, the annular boss is arranged close to the upper cover of speed-reducing clutch shell, and clutch platen is set to annular boss and subtracts Between the upper cover of speed clutch shell;Speed-reducing clutch shell is the fixation that washing machine outer cylinder is fixedly installed to for speed-reducing clutch Structure.
4. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: clutch driving unit further includes one Reset spring, reset spring are set to the not ipsilateral of annular boss with clutch platen.
5. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the shell of speed-reducing clutch includes It is sheathed on the shell of deceleration device and arrangement of clutch periphery, the shell is mutually fixedly installed with outer barrel of washing machine/cylinder;
Chlamydate auxiliary section is set at motor, the reset spring is set between auxiliary section and annular boss.
6. according to a kind of any decelerating clutch of washing machine of claim 2 to 5, it is characterised in that: the clutch platen For a rotatable annulus, one end of clutch platen is circumferentially equipped at least one first wedge-shaped protrusion, and clutch platen is equipped with the One end of one wedge-shaped protrusion is equipped with a fixed support construction, and the support construction is equipped with and the first wedge shape on clutch platen The other end of second wedge-shaped protrusion of male cooperation and reversed dip, the clutch platen is contacted with clutch axle sleeve;
The support construction is upper cover, and the upper cover is equipped with and the first wedge shape on clutch platen close to the inside of output shaft one end Second wedge-shaped protrusion of male cooperation and reversed dip;Rotatable clutch platen is through the first wedge-shaped protrusion and the second wedge-shaped protrusion The concaveconvex structure of composition drives clutch axle sleeve to slide up and down.
7. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the support construction is fixed peace Fixed disk on upper lid, the upper lid is equipped with the first wedge-shaped male cooperation on clutch platen and reversed dip Second wedge-shaped protrusion.
8. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the shell include auxiliary section and Auxiliary section is connected to the interconnecting piece of upper cover, the interconnecting piece is connected with upper cover holds the flanging equipped with to shell internal bend, The flanging constitutes fixed disk.
9. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to any one of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that: arrangement of clutch includes Can slide up and down clutch axle sleeve, and one end of the clutch axle sleeve is equipped with the first end face tooth engaged with rotor, another End is equipped with the second end face tooth that engage with shell, makes ring gear through the mutually fixation or with the rotor one of motor of clutch axle sleeve and shell Block rotation.
10. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to any one of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that: the clutch shaft It covers inner circumferential and is equipped with external splines equipped with the periphery of internal spline, ring gear, clutch axle sleeve and ring gear are connected through spline, make clutch axle sleeve It opposite can not rotate in a circumferential direction, can axially slide relative with ring gear.
11. a kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine according to any one of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that: the clutch shaft Set is integrally formed with ring gear.
12. a kind of washing machine equipped with the speed-reducing clutch as described in claim 1 to 11 is any, it is characterised in that: described subtracts The case top lid of speed clutch is directly connected with the outer cylinder of washing machine.
CN201410374363.1A 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine Active CN105316906B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410374363.1A CN105316906B (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410374363.1A CN105316906B (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105316906A CN105316906A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105316906B true CN105316906B (en) 2019-04-26

Family

ID=55245157

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410374363.1A Active CN105316906B (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105316906B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110285137B (en) * 2019-07-10 2020-12-18 安徽晨光精工机电科技有限公司 Rotary supporting structure for pressure vessel stirring device

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1464117A (en) * 2002-06-11 2003-12-31 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Full automatic washing machine
CN102619069A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 常州新亚电机有限公司 Single-driving system of washing machine

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1464117A (en) * 2002-06-11 2003-12-31 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Full automatic washing machine
CN102619069A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 常州新亚电机有限公司 Single-driving system of washing machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105316906A (en) 2016-02-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105316906B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105297345B (en) A kind of speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105316905B (en) A kind of speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105297344B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105734905B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105316907B (en) A kind of speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105316903B (en) A kind of speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105463769B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105332240B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105332242B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105734904A (en) Washing machine and deceleration clutch for same
CN105297343B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN204434985U (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105332241B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN204434984U (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105316902B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine shell and washing machine
CN105401380B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105734900A (en) Washing machine speed reduction clutch and washing machine
CN105734901A (en) Washing machine and deceleration clutch for same
CN105332239B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN204662072U (en) A kind of use in washing machine speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105463770B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105734907B (en) A kind of use in washing machine speed-reducing clutch and washing machine
CN105463775B (en) A kind of decelerating clutch of washing machine and washing machine
CN105734909A (en) Washing machine speed reduction clutch and washing machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant