CN105316057A - Biomass coal briquette by use of anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel as base materials - Google Patents

Biomass coal briquette by use of anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel as base materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105316057A
CN105316057A CN201510716326.9A CN201510716326A CN105316057A CN 105316057 A CN105316057 A CN 105316057A CN 201510716326 A CN201510716326 A CN 201510716326A CN 105316057 A CN105316057 A CN 105316057A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
coal
charing
biomass fuel
biomass
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Pending
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CN201510716326.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江东
黄天
梁君祚
梁承悍
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GUANGXI KUONENGBA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.
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Guangxi Guisheng New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510716326.9A priority Critical patent/CN105316057A/en
Publication of CN105316057A publication Critical patent/CN105316057A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass coal briquette by use of anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel as base materials. The biomass coal briquette comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 49-59 parts of anthracite coal, 30-36 parts of carbonized biomass fuel powder, 0.5-12 parts of a combustion improver and 9-14 parts of a binding agent; the carbonized biomass fuel powder is obtained by carbonizing the following raw materials in parts by weight: 50-72 parts of eucalyptus bark, 15-20 parts of pine branches, 15-20 parts of straws, 5-8 parts of corncob, 15-20 parts of corn straws and 15-20 parts of soybean straws. The biomass coal briquette is prepared from anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel powder which are used in a combined manner, so that the content of volatile matters is low, the use of a sulfur fixation sorbent is eliminated, and energy conservation and environmental protection are realized.

Description

A kind of with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material
Technical field
The present invention relates to moulded coal field, particularly relate to a kind of biomass coal being base material with hard coal and charing biomass fuel.
Background technology
Moulded coal refers to suitable technology and equipment, by shaped for the fine coal with certain particle size composition, size, intensity and physicochemical property artificial " lump coal "; Moulded coal has that technique is simple, less investment, cost are low, and can obtain and promote coal-fired quality, improve efficiency of combustion, reduce the advantages such as coal burning pollution, is therefore used widely in people's daily life and industrial production as fuel.Along with sustained and rapid development of economy, to demand and the consumption constantly increase of coal, the environmental problem caused thus is also more and more outstanding.In the waste gas of annual China discharge, smoke discharge amount about 1,478 ten thousand tons, sulphur dioxide emission 1,891 ten thousand tons, wherein 90% from burning of coal, and for solving the air environmental pollution problem because fire coal causes, development is efficient, environment protection coal technology is imperative.
Biomass fuel, generally mainly refer to agriculture and forestry organic waste material (as stalk, sawdust, bagasse, rice chaff etc.), although it is the waste resource can directly taken in a large number, meet the environmental protection trend of refuse reclamation, but directly biomass burning belongs to high pollution fuel, and with the moulded coal that biomass fuel is made, often there is the insufficient of burning, therefore thermal value is lower.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of biomass coal being base material with hard coal and charing biomass fuel, energy-conserving and environment-protective, solve the problem that burning is insufficient, thermal value is low.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is:
With the biomass coal that hard coal and charing biomass fuel are base material, comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 49 ~ 59%, charing biomass fuel powder 30 ~ 36%, ignition dope 0.5 ~ 12%, binding agent 9 ~ 14%; Wherein, charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 50 ~ 72 parts, pine branch 15 ~ 20 parts, straw 15 ~ 20 parts, corn cob 5 ~ 8 parts, maize straw 15 ~ 20 parts, soybean stalk 15 ~ 20 parts through charing.
Described with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, preferably include the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 54%, charing biomass fuel powder 34%, ignition dope 1%, binding agent 11%.
Described charing biomass fuel powder preferably includes the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 61 parts, pine branch 18 parts, straw 18 parts, corn cob 6 parts, maize straw 18 parts, soybean stalk 18 parts through charing.
Preferably, described binding agent is the mixture of potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and water.
Preferably, described binding agent is preferably mixed by potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and the water quality proportioning by 5:1:1:20.
The preferred fabrication technique of described charing biomass fuel powder is: raw material is put into charring furnace, mallee bark and pine branch are layered on bottom and top layer, straw, corn cob, maize straw and soybean stalk are put in middle layer, ignition, after the charing of 4 ~ 5 days, again the fuel after charing is pulverized, cross 20 ~ 30 mesh sieves, be i.e. obtained charing biomass fuel powder.
Preferably, described ignition dope is NaCl, NaNO 3, Na 2cO 3, KNO 3, one or more combination in KCl.
Preferably, described ignition dope is by NaCl, NaNO 3the mass ratio composition of 2:1:2 is pressed with KCl.
Above-described a kind of with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, there is following advantage:
(1) biomass fuel after charing, does not produce sulfurous gas during use, and the biomass fuel after charing eliminate raw material itself with moisture, thus thermal value when improve Combustion of Mould Coal, solves insufficient problem of burning;
(2) have employed hard coal, fixed carbon content is high, further increases thermal value during Combustion of Mould Coal;
(3) combination of hard coal and charing biomass fuel powder, volatile content is low, without the need to using sulphur-fixing agent, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and the General Promotion carbon content of moulded coal.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, but protection scope of the present invention and range of application are not limited to following examples:
Embodiment 1
With the biomass coal that hard coal and charing biomass fuel are base material, comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 54%, charing biomass fuel powder 34%, ignition dope 1%, binding agent 11%.
Charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 61 parts, pine branch 18 parts, straw 18 parts, corn cob 6 parts, maize straw 18 parts, soybean stalk 18 parts through charing; The manufacture craft of charing biomass fuel powder is: raw material is put into charring furnace, mallee bark and pine branch are layered on bottom and top layer, straw, corn cob, maize straw and soybean stalk are put in middle layer, ignition, after the charing of 4 ~ 5 days, again the fuel after charing is pulverized, cross 20 ~ 30 mesh sieves, be i.e. obtained charing biomass fuel powder.
Wherein, binding agent is mixed by potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and the water quality proportioning by 5:1:1:20; Ignition dope is by NaCl, NaNO 3the mass ratio composition of 2:1:2 is pressed with KCl.
The preparation method of described biomass coal comprises the steps: that water and potassium fulvate, humic acid and carboxymethyl cellulose are first carried out pre-mixing by (1), does not stop to be stirred to the binding agent that it is colloidal; (2) by binding agent with hard coal, carbonize biomass fuel powder, ignition dope mixes, through forming machine coldmoulding.
After tested, after described biomass type coal combustion, granular material discharged concentration is 15.5mg/m 3, discharged nitrous oxides concentration is 44.9mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration is 47.8mg/m 3, blackness of exhaustion <1 level, reaches the requirement of " emission standard of air pollutants for boilers " GB13271-2014.Thermal value is 4895 kilocalories/kg, and ultimate compression strength is greater than 500N/, and immersion intensity is greater than 180N/.
Embodiment 2
With the biomass coal that hard coal and charing biomass fuel are base material, comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 49%, charing biomass fuel powder 36%, ignition dope 2%, binding agent 13%.
Charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 72 parts, pine branch 15 parts, straw 15 parts, corn cob 5 parts, maize straw 15 parts, soybean stalk 15 parts through charing; The manufacture craft of charing biomass fuel powder is: raw material is put into charring furnace, mallee bark and pine branch are layered on bottom and top layer, straw, corn cob, maize straw and soybean stalk are put in middle layer, ignition, after the charing of 4 ~ 5 days, again the fuel after charing is pulverized, cross 20 ~ 30 mesh sieves, be i.e. obtained charing biomass fuel powder.
Wherein, binding agent is mixed by potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and the water quality proportioning by 3:3:1:22; Ignition dope is by NaCl, Na 2cO 3the mass ratio composition of 2:1:1 is pressed with KCl.
The preparation method of described biomass coal comprises the steps: that water and potassium fulvate, humic acid and carboxymethyl cellulose are first carried out pre-mixing by (1), does not stop to be stirred to the binding agent that it is colloidal; (2) by binding agent and hard coal, carbonize biomass fuel powder and mix, through forming machine coldmoulding.
After tested, after described biomass type coal combustion, granular material discharged concentration is 14.9mg/m 3, discharged nitrous oxides concentration is 44.1mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration is 47.2mg/m 3, blackness of exhaustion <1 level, reaches the requirement of " emission standard of air pollutants for boilers " GB13271-2014.Thermal value is 4509 kilocalories/kg, and ultimate compression strength is greater than 505N/, and immersion intensity is greater than 183N/.
Embodiment 3
With the biomass coal that hard coal and charing biomass fuel are base material, comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 60%, charing biomass fuel powder 30%, ignition dope 0.5%, binding agent 9.5%.
Charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 50 parts, pine branch 20 parts, straw 20 parts, corn cob 8 parts, maize straw 20 parts, soybean stalk 20 parts through charing; The manufacture craft of charing biomass fuel powder is: raw material is put into charring furnace, mallee bark and pine branch are layered on bottom and top layer, straw, corn cob, maize straw and soybean stalk are put in middle layer, ignition, after the charing of 4 ~ 5 days, again the fuel after charing is pulverized, cross 20 ~ 30 mesh sieves, be i.e. obtained charing biomass fuel powder.
Wherein, binding agent is mixed by potassium fulvate, humic acid and the carboxymethyl cellulose quality proportioning by 1:5:1:22; Ignition dope is by Na 2cO 3the mass ratio composition of 1:2 is pressed with KCl.
The preparation method of described biomass coal comprises the steps: that water and potassium fulvate, humic acid and carboxymethyl cellulose are first carried out pre-mixing by (1), does not stop to be stirred to the binding agent that it is colloidal; (2) by binding agent and hard coal, carbonize biomass fuel powder and mix, through forming machine coldmoulding.
After tested, after described biomass type coal combustion, granular material discharged concentration is 17.9mg/m 3, discharged nitrous oxides concentration is 53.2mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration is 55.7mg/m 3, blackness of exhaustion <1 level, reaches the requirement of " emission standard of air pollutants for boilers " GB13271-2014.Thermal value is 4902 kilocalories/kg, and ultimate compression strength is greater than 496N/, and immersion intensity is greater than 178N/.
Above content can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations; for general technical staff of the technical field of the invention; without departing from the inventive concept of the premise; some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to the scope of patent protection that the present invention is determined by submitted to claims.

Claims (8)

1., with the biomass coal that hard coal and charing biomass fuel are base material, it is characterized in that:
Comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 49 ~ 59%, charing biomass fuel powder 30 ~ 36%, ignition dope 0.5 ~ 12%, binding agent 9 ~ 14%;
Described charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 50 ~ 72 parts, pine branch 15 ~ 20 parts, straw 15 ~ 20 parts, corn cob 5 ~ 8 parts, maize straw 15 ~ 20 parts, soybean stalk 15 ~ 20 parts through charing.
2. according to claim 1 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Comprise the raw material of following weight part: hard coal 54%, charing biomass fuel powder 34%, ignition dope 1%, binding agent 11%.
3. according to claim 1 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Charing biomass fuel powder comprises the raw material of following weight part, makes: mallee bark 61 parts, pine branch 18 parts, straw 18 parts, corn cob 6 parts, maize straw 18 parts, soybean stalk 18 parts through charing.
4. according to claim 1 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Described binding agent is the mixture of potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and water.
5. according to claim 4 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Described potassium fulvate, humic acid, carboxymethyl cellulose and water are mixed by the quality proportioning of 5:1:1:20.
6. the biomass coal being base material with hard coal and charing biomass fuel according to claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that:
The manufacture craft of described charing biomass fuel powder is: raw material is put into charring furnace, mallee bark and pine branch are layered on bottom and top layer, straw, corn cob, maize straw and soybean stalk are put in middle layer, ignition, after the charing of 4 ~ 5 days, again the fuel after charing is pulverized, cross 20 ~ 30 mesh sieves, be i.e. obtained charing biomass fuel powder.
7. according to claim 1 and 2 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Described ignition dope is NaCl, NaNO 3, Na 2cO 3, KNO 3, one or more combination in KCl.
8. according to claim 7 with hard coal and the charing biomass fuel biomass coal that is base material, it is characterized in that:
Described ignition dope is by NaCl, NaNO 3the mass ratio composition of 2:1:2 is pressed with KCl.
CN201510716326.9A 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 Biomass coal briquette by use of anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel as base materials Pending CN105316057A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106047387A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-26 潘成锋 Efficient and environment-friendly coal and preparation method thereof
CN107033980A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-08-11 湖南双晟科技信息咨询有限公司 A kind of biomass molding fuel and preparation method thereof
CN110106005A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-09 甘肃巨森新能源科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of biomass fuel

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101280236A (en) * 2008-05-23 2008-10-08 肖国雄 Clean type coal and fast production method thereof

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101280236A (en) * 2008-05-23 2008-10-08 肖国雄 Clean type coal and fast production method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106047387A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-26 潘成锋 Efficient and environment-friendly coal and preparation method thereof
CN107033980A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-08-11 湖南双晟科技信息咨询有限公司 A kind of biomass molding fuel and preparation method thereof
CN110106005A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-09 甘肃巨森新能源科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of biomass fuel

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Inventor after: Liang Jiefeng

Inventor after: Yang Yun

Inventor after: Li Jianhua

Inventor before: Jiang Dong

Inventor before: Huang Tian

Inventor before: Liang Junzuo

Inventor before: Liang Chenghan

COR Change of bibliographic data
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Effective date of registration: 20160908

Address after: 530022 Guangxi Nanning City 39 Xinghu Road No. 7 Building 1 unit 3 floor No. 5

Applicant after: GUANGXI KUONENGBA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Address before: Dong Ge road Nanning 530000 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 24-8 building B unit B0606 real Kaifeng

Applicant before: Guangxi Guisheng New Energy Science & Technology Co., Ltd.

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Application publication date: 20160210

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication