CN105315015B - A kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105315015B
CN105315015B CN201410726519.8A CN201410726519A CN105315015B CN 105315015 B CN105315015 B CN 105315015B CN 201410726519 A CN201410726519 A CN 201410726519A CN 105315015 B CN105315015 B CN 105315015B
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China
Prior art keywords
transmutation
coat enamel
ball
ceramic tile
building decoration
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CN201410726519.8A
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CN105315015A (en
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廖咏康
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SICHUAN BAITA XINLIANXING CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd
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SICHUAN BAITA XINLIANXING CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile, ground-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:Potassium feldspar+albite 14 ~ 19%, porcelain sand 10 ~ 15%, kaolin 5 ~ 10%, zinc oxide 5 ~ 12% forges talcum 5 ~ 10%, barium carbonate 15 ~ 20%, dolomite 3 ~ 8%, calcium carbonate 11 ~ 16%, calcium phosphate 3 ~ 10%, aluminum oxide 2 ~ 7%;Cover-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:Potassium feldspar+albite 16 ~ 23%, porcelain sand 5 ~ 10%, kaolin 5 ~ 10%, zinc oxide 17 ~ 23% forges talcum 5 ~ 10%, zirconium silicate 10 ~ 16%, titanium oxide 14 ~ 18%, glass dust 5 ~ 10%, colouring agent 1 ~ 2%;By including dispensing, slurrying, powder processed, it is compressing, dry, drench ground-coat enamel, drench cover-coat enamel, burn till, refine packaging and other steps, form a kind of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile, flakes crystalline substance flower apparent size is up to 3 6mm, and cotton-shaped brilliant flower apparent size is maximum up to 20mm or so.The present invention realizes transmutation art pottery low temperature Fast Sintering, reduces firing cost, realizes saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge.

Description

A kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic technology field, more particularly to a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile.
Background technology
Furnace transmutation glaze is Yi Menshui, soil, the art of fire, and it is liked by people deeply as the rarity in ancient Chinese ceramics art Love, crystallization furnace transmutation glaze product is even more the outstanding person in transmutation.However, traditional crystallization furnace transmutation glaze product is high temperature product, Its production cost is very high, and it is very big to survive difficulty, is difficult to realize industrialized production.So though crystallization furnace transmutation glaze is in modern work There is initial development in terms of skill product and household china, but space state is almost in the development of architectural pottery Wall or floor tile direction furnace transmutation glaze. Tradition crystallization furnace transmutation glaze artistic product firing time at least 70 minutes, more than 1230 DEG C of temperature.Furnace transmutation glaze work is crystallized using tradition Skill, high energy consumption is also unfavorable for the development of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of sintering temperature is low, firing time is short, the low building decoration transmutation skill of energy consumption The preparation method of art Ceramic Tiles:
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of preparation method of the building decoration transmutation art pottery, is comprised the steps of:
A. dispensing:Blank raw material is weighed according to percentage by weight;
B. slurrying:Raw material is weighed up according to the ratio in A, and according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio is put into ball mill Interior ball milling mixing raw material;The slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 1.2~1.7% was formed after ball mill ball milling;
C. powder processed:Feed powder is made by spray dryer in the slurry obtained in step B, is then aged 2~3 days;
D. it is compressing:Feed powder after being aged in step C is pressed into adobe;
E. dry:The powder pressing that step C is obtained is into adobe, and then gradient increased temperature is to 200 DEG C, and adobe is aqueous after drying Rate is in 0.5~1%, 65~70 DEG C of base substrate temperature;
F. ground-coat enamel is drenched:Ground-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
G. cover-coat enamel is drenched:Cover-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
H. burn till:Base substrate in step G after glazing is placed in kiln and burnt till, gradient increased temperature burns to 1198~1210 DEG C Into 40~45min of time, oxic gas atmosphere;
I. refine is packed.
Further, after ground-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage in the step F, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing raw material, was formed as the slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.5~0.8% after ball mill ball milling.
Further, in the step F ground-coat enamel 1.65~1.70g/cm of proportion3, 90~98g of glaze volume.
Further, after cover-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage in the step G, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing raw material, was formed as the slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.5~0.8% after ball mill ball milling.
Further, cover-coat enamel 1.65~1.70g/cm3 of proportion, 53~58g of glaze volume in the step G.
Further, in the step G colouring agent be cobalt oxide, cupric oxide, oxidation chrome yellow, one kind in iron oxide red or It is a variety of.
Further, blank raw material is made up of following components in weight percent in the step A:
Further, in the step F, when ground-coat enamel raw material ball grinds slurry, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, then proceedes to 1~2min of ball ball milling mixing.
Further, in the step G, when cover-coat enamel raw material ball grinds slurry, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, then proceedes to 1~2min of ball ball milling mixing.
Further, ground-coat enamel is comprised the following raw materials by weight percent:Albite 16%, porcelain sand 15%, kaolin 7.5%, zinc oxide 6.5% forges talcum 7.5%, barium carbonate 16%, dolomite 7%, calcium carbonate 16%, calcium phosphate 5%, oxidation Aluminium 3.5%;
Cover-coat enamel is comprised the following raw materials by weight percent:Albite 22%, porcelain sand 8%, kaolin 8%;Zinc oxide 22%;Forge talcum 5%;Titanium oxide 15%, zirconium silicate 12%, glass dust 8%, colouring agent 1.2%.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1) country is reached using the building decoration transmutation art pottery brick glaze face basic property of the technology production of the present invention GB/T4100-2006:《Ceramic Tiles》Product national standard.
2) in the present invention, about 1198-1210 DEG C of firing temperature, firing period about 40-45 minutes, current furnace transmutation glaze art production Product firing time at least 70 minutes, more than 1230 DEG C of temperature, both compare, and firing temperature reduces by more than 20 DEG C, when shortening is burnt till Between at least 30 minutes, reduce firing cost, realize saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge.
3) the building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile fired using the technology of the present invention, flakes crystalline substance flower apparent size reaches 3- 6mm, cotton-shaped brilliant flower apparent size is maximum up to 20mm or so, solves the technology hardly possible that current Low Temperature and Fast Firing Crystalline Glaze is difficult to Topic.
4) use the technology of the present invention exemplified by producing 300mmX300mm specification products, every square metre more general than former same specification Logical glazed tile improves 30 yuan of meters of added value of product, and whole year, amounting to whole year can be direct by conservative 5,000,000 square metres of calculating of yield production Increase by 15,0,000,000 yuan of added value of product, its economic benefit is obvious, while ancient pottery and porcelain art is used into advanced ceramics technological perfectionism Reproduce, realize that ancient times luxurious art is popular, this technology is tradition to be merged with fashion, sufficiently the dress of embodiment architectural pottery Decorations value and artistic value.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 embodiment one scan Electron Microscopy Results.
The SEM testing result of Fig. 2 embodiments two.
The SEM testing result of Fig. 3 embodiments three.
Embodiment
In order that the advantage of the purpose of the present invention and technical scheme is more clearly understood, below in conjunction with example, to the present invention It is further elaborated.
Embodiment one
A kind of preparation method of the building decoration transmutation art pottery, is comprised the steps of:
A. dispensing:Blank raw material is weighed according to percentage by weight, blank raw material is made up of following components in weight percent:
B. slurrying:Raw material is weighed up according to the ratio in A, and according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio is put into ball mill Interior ball milling mixing raw material;The slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 1.2~1.7% was formed after ball mill ball milling.
C. powder processed:Feed powder is made by spray dryer in the slurry obtained in step B, is then aged 2~3 days.
D. it is compressing:Feed powder after being aged in step C is pressed into adobe.
E. dry:The powder pressing that step C is obtained is into adobe, and then gradient increased temperature is to 200 DEG C, and adobe is aqueous after drying Rate is in 0.5~1%, 65~70 DEG C of base substrate temperature.
F. ground-coat enamel is drenched:Ground-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
After ground-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing is former Material, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, then proceedes to 1~2min of ball milling mixing.Be formed as 250 mesh sieves after ball mill ball milling The slurry of screen over-size 0.5~0.8%;1.65~1.70g/cm of proportion of ground-coat enamel3, 90~98g of glaze volume.
G. cover-coat enamel is drenched:Cover-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
After cover-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing is former Material, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, then proceedes to 1~2min of ball milling mixing.Be formed as 250 mesh sieves after ball mill ball milling The slurry of screen over-size 0.5~0.8%;1.65~1.70g/cm of proportion of ground-coat enamel3, 53~58g of glaze volume.
H. burn till:Base substrate in step G after glazing is placed in kiln and burnt till, gradient increased temperature burns to 1198~1210 DEG C Into 40~45min of time, oxic gas atmosphere;
I. refine is packed.
Embodiment two
Blank is made up of the component of following weight percent:Kaolin 15%, Weathered Sand 12%, potassium feldspar 35%, low fire Mud 22%, pure white sand 7%.Useless base powder 7%, black talc 2%;
Ground-coat enamel is made up of the component of following weight percent:Potassium feldspar 19%, porcelain sand 10%, kaolin 10%, zinc oxide 5%, forge talcum 10%, barium carbonate 15%, dolomite 8%, calcium carbonate 11%, calcium phosphate 10%, aluminum oxide 2%
Cover-coat enamel is made up of the component of following weight percent:Potassium feldspar 23%, porcelain sand 5%, kaolin 10%, zinc oxide 17%, forge talcum 10%, zirconium silicate 10%, titanium oxide 18%, glass dust 5%, cobalt oxide 2%.
Other step be the same as Examples one.
Embodiment three
Blank is made up of the component of following weight percent:Kaolin 12%, Weathered Sand 10%, potassium feldspar 30%, low fire Mud 28%, pure white sand 9%.Useless base powder 6%, black talc 5%;
Ground-coat enamel is comprised the following raw materials by weight percent:Albite 16%, porcelain sand 15%, kaolin 7.5%, zinc oxide 6.5%, forge talcum 7.5%, barium carbonate 16%, dolomite 7%, calcium carbonate 16%, calcium phosphate 5%, aluminum oxide 3.5%;
Cover-coat enamel is comprised the following raw materials by weight percent:Albite 22%, porcelain sand 8%, kaolin 8%;Zinc oxide 22%;Forge talcum 5%;Titanium oxide 15%, zirconium silicate 12%, glass dust 8%, colouring agent 1.2%.
Other step be the same as Examples one.
The crystalline substance flower testing result of transmutation art pottery ceramic tile is as shown in drawings.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile, its spy is to comprise the steps of:
A. dispensing:Blank raw material is weighed according to percentage by weight;
B. slurrying:Raw material is weighed up according to the ratio in A, and according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio is put into ball in ball mill Grind mixed material;The slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 1.2~1.7% was formed after ball mill ball milling;
C. powder processed:Feed powder is made by spray dryer in the slurry obtained in step B, is then aged 2~3 days;
D. it is compressing:Feed powder after being aged in step C is pressed into adobe;
E. dry:The powder pressing that step C is obtained is into adobe, and then gradient increased temperature is to 200 DEG C, and adobe moisture content exists after drying 0.5~1%, 65~70 DEG C of base substrate temperature;
F. ground-coat enamel is drenched:Ground-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
G. cover-coat enamel is drenched:Cover-coat enamel is made up of following components in weight percent:
H. burn till:Base substrate in step G after glazing is placed in kiln and burnt till, gradient increased temperature is to 1198~1210 DEG C, when burning till Between 40~45min, oxic gas atmosphere;
I. refine is packed.
2. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described After ground-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage in step F, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing raw material, Be formed as the slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.5~0.8% after ball mill ball milling.
3. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: 1.65~1.70g/cm of proportion of ground-coat enamel in the step F3, 90~98g of glaze volume.
4. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described After cover-coat enamel raw material is weighed by mass percentage in step G, according to material: ball: water=1: 2: 0.35 ratio ball milling mixing raw material, Be formed as the slurry of 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.5~0.8% after ball mill ball milling.
5. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that: 1.65~1.70g/cm of cover-coat enamel proportion in the step G3, 53~58g of glaze volume.
6. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Colouring agent is the one or more in cobalt oxide, cupric oxide, oxidation chrome yellow, iron oxide red in step G.
7. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Blank raw material is made up of following components in weight percent in step A:
8. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described In step F, when ground-coat enamel raw material ball grinds slurry, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, 1~2min of ball milling mixing.
9. a kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described In step G, when cover-coat enamel raw material ball grinds slurry, zinc oxide is eventually adding ball mill, 1~2min of ball milling mixing.
CN201410726519.8A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 A kind of preparation method of building decoration transmutation art pottery ceramic tile Expired - Fee Related CN105315015B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106045577B (en) * 2016-05-30 2019-05-28 泉州阳光创艺陶瓷股份有限公司 Medium temperature snowflake glaze ceramic and its production method
CN106219978A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-14 北京杭瑞商贸有限公司 Margarita glaze, pearl glaze and preparation method thereof and pearl glaze ceramic
CN106365453A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 佛山市高明区明城镇新能源新材料产业技术创新中心 Anti-radiation ceramic tile and preparing method thereof
CN109231829B (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-09-20 广东新润成陶瓷有限公司 A kind of soft polished metal brick and preparation method thereof
CN110577406A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-17 江西金泰源陶瓷有限公司 ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102826757A (en) * 2012-09-29 2012-12-19 湖南泉湘陶瓷有限公司 Manufacturing method of silicon-zinc crystal glaze
CN103102181A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-05-15 广东东鹏控股股份有限公司 Method for preparing flash glazed wall tile
CN103739279A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-23 广州锦盈新型材料有限公司 Full-glazed tile and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102826757A (en) * 2012-09-29 2012-12-19 湖南泉湘陶瓷有限公司 Manufacturing method of silicon-zinc crystal glaze
CN103102181A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-05-15 广东东鹏控股股份有限公司 Method for preparing flash glazed wall tile
CN103739279A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-23 广州锦盈新型材料有限公司 Full-glazed tile and preparation method thereof

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