CN105310758A - Intervertebral disc stabilizer and method for applying same - Google Patents

Intervertebral disc stabilizer and method for applying same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105310758A
CN105310758A CN 201510116377 CN201510116377A CN105310758A CN 105310758 A CN105310758 A CN 105310758A CN 201510116377 CN201510116377 CN 201510116377 CN 201510116377 A CN201510116377 A CN 201510116377A CN 105310758 A CN105310758 A CN 105310758A
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assembly
stabilizer
intervertebral
disc
comprises
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CN 201510116377
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105310758B (en )
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周军
李银山
赵博
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周军
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intervertebral disc stabilizer and a method for applying the same. The intervertebral disc stabilizer comprises a blunt separator assembly, a shield machine, a stabilizer assembly, a console assembly, a debugging assembly and an elastic adapter assembly. The shield machine comprises a shield, cutter head plates and dividing knives, the stabilizer assembly comprises stabilizer intervertebral surfaces, threaded nail, a pneumatic cannula, a pneumatic tube, an air bag and a pneumatic pump, the console assembly comprises console planes, console front frames and air bag rings, the debugging assembly comprises a stable seat machine, a debugger and radial gear teeth, and the elastic adapter assembly comprises convex balls and a spring ring. The intervertebral disc stabilizer and the method have the advantages that the intervertebral disc stabilizer is simple in structure and convenient to use, the pressures for supporting the two stabilizer intervertebral surfaces can be guaranteed by the elastic adapting machine assembly, the activity of the two stabilizer intervertebral surfaces can be guaranteed, the elastic adapter assembly is tightly inlaid in spaces between concave bottom surfaces of the two screws when air valves of the console planes are released, accordingly, intervertebral discs can be reconstructed, and structural and functional problems of existing intervertebral disc stabilizers can be solved.

Description

一种椎间盘稳定器及其使用方法 A stabilizer and method of using the disc

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及椎间盘治疗技术领域,具体是一种椎间盘稳定器及其使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to an intervertebral disc treatment technical field, in particular a disc stabilizer and methods of use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 脊柱椎间盘疾病是脊柱疾病的高发病症,其中,退行性椎间盘病症,传统的外科治疗方法是进行椎间融合,这种治疗方法副作用是使疾患椎间盘两端的椎体被融合为一个整体,椎体间的活动度受限。 [0002] The spinal disc is a high incidence of the disease condition spinal disorders, wherein, degenerative disc disease, traditional surgical treatment is performed interbody fusion, side effects of this treatment is that the disorders are fused vertebrae across the disc as a whole, activity between the vertebral bodies is limited.

[0003] 对于克服椎间盘融合治疗方法的缺陷,直到2005年,美国一家公司推出了“椎间盘假体”,但是此“椎间盘假体”的两个终板分别固定在相邻的两块椎体的端部,终板之间有一块双面、对称并内凹的垫片,且垫片与终板外凸为同心圆球面,模拟了生理椎间盘的功能,所示结构有着明显缺陷,在运动过程中稳定性欠佳。 [0003] For overcoming the defects of the disc fusion treatment, until 2005, the US company launched the "intervertebral disc prosthesis," but this "intervertebral disc prosthesis," the two endplates are fixed at two adjacent vertebral bodies end, between the end plate has a double-sided, symmetrical and concave gasket, the gasket and the end plate and concentrically convex spherical surface, the disc simulated physiological functions, the structure shown has obvious defects during exercise poor stability.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种结构简单、使用方便的椎间盘稳定器及其使用方法,以解决上述背景技术中提出的问题。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, easy to use disc stabilizer and methods of use, in order to solve the problems raised in the background art.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:

一种椎间盘稳定器,包括钝性分离器组件、盾构器、稳定器组件、操控台组件、调试组件和弹适器组件,所述钝性分离器组件包括套筒、锁杆和钝性分离器,所述钝性分离器通过锁杆固定安装在套筒上,所述盾构器包括盾构体、刀盘片和离断刀,刀盘片均匀安装在盾构体的左侧端面上,离断刀安装在刀盘片的内侧,所述稳定器组件包括稳定器椎间面、螺纹钉、气压套管、气压管、气囊和气压栗,所述稳定器椎间面和螺纹钉均设有两个,稳定器椎间面为L型冠状面,且稳定器椎间面内部设有螺纹孔,所述螺纹钉通过螺纹孔安装在稳定器椎间面上,螺纹钉的底端面为凹形,且螺纹钉的凹形底端面上设有螺钉齿,所述气囊置于两个螺纹钉的凹形底端面之间,气囊依次通过气压套管和气压管连接气压栗,所述气压套管上还安装有平衡栓;所述操控台组件包括 One kind of disc stabilizer assembly comprising a blunt dissection, the shield, a stabilizer assembly, console component, component debugging adapter and spring assembly, said assembly including a sleeve blunt dissection, blunt dissection, and the locking bar , a blunt dissection through the locking lever fixedly mounted on the sleeve, said shield comprising a shield body, away from the cutting knife and the cutting disc, the cutting disc is mounted on the left end surface of uniform shield body , from the cutting knife mounted on the inside of the cutting disc, the stabilizer assembly comprising an intervertebral stabilizer surface, threaded nails, pressure sleeve, the pressure tube, and the balloon pressure chestnut, the stabilizer surface and the intervertebral Screws are is provided with two stabilizer intervertebral coronal plane surface is L-shaped, and the internal surface is provided with an intervertebral stabilizer threaded bore in the screw for the mounting surface of the intervertebral stabilizer through a threaded hole, a threaded bottom end face of the nail concave, and is provided with a bottom end surface of the female screw for the screw teeth, the airbag is placed between two concave screw for the bottom end face, the pressure sleeve and the airbag passes through the pressure air hose connected to Li, the air pressure also mounted on the sleeve bolt balance; said console assembly comprising 操控台平面、操控台前架和气囊圈,所述操控台平面和操控台前架均设有两个,两个操作台平面之间还设有稳定杆,操控台前架安装在操控台平面的左侧,气囊圈安装在两个操控台平面之间,所述气囊圈上还连接有气栗管;所述调试组件包括稳座器、调试器和辐射状轮齿,所述调试器安装在稳座器的上方,辐射状齿轮安装在调试器的左端;所述弹适器组件包括凸球和弹簧圈,所述凸球设有两个,弹簧圈安装在两个凸球之间。 Control flat, and the airbag control stage carrier ring, the console control stage carrier plane and has also provided between the two stabilizer bar, two plane console, the console control plane stand is installed on the stage the left airbag control ring mounted between two flat, also connected to the balloon tube gas Li ring; the debug seat assembly comprises a stable, debugger and radial teeth, said mounting debugger above the seat's stable, radially mounted on the left end of the gear debugger; said adapter assembly includes a projectile and a convex spherical coil, the ball is provided with two projections, the spring ring mounted between two convex spherical.

[0006] 作为本发明进一步的方案:所述操控台平面为中空结构。 [0006] As a further embodiment of the present invention: the console planar hollow structure.

[0007] 作为本发明进一步的方案:所述操控台前架与操控台平面构成U型平面。 [0007] As a further embodiment of the present invention: the steering control stage holder and a U-shaped flat-plane configuration.

[0008] 作为本发明再进一步的方案:所述气囊圈设有两个,且两个气囊圈的孔径和气压均一致。 [0008] The present invention still further embodiment: the balloon is provided with two rings, and the rings of the two balloons are consistent pore size and air pressure.

[0009] 所述椎间盘稳定器的使用方法,具体步骤如下: [0009] The method using the disc stabilizer, the following steps:

1)利用锁杆将钝性分离器固定安装在套筒中,切开皮肤和皮下组织,钝性分离椎间盘并打开椎间隙,将套筒放入间隙中,打开锁杆,退出钝性分离器,留置套筒,送入盾构器,用盾构器上的刀盘片切割部分椎间盘组织,再推进离断刀离断部分椎间盘组织,退出盾构器,留出稳定器组件的空间; 1) using the blunt dissection lock lever fixedly mounted in the sleeve, cut the skin and subcutaneous tissue, and blunt dissection open intervertebral disc space, the sleeve into the gap, the lock lever to open the exit blunt splitter , retention of the sleeve, into the shield, a cutting portion of the cutting disc on the disc tissue by the shield device, and then advancing from breaking away from the cutting knife disc tissue section, an exit shield, leaving room stabilizer assembly;

2)将稳定器组件放入套筒中,使稳定器椎间面置于目标位置,打开气栗,利用气压套管和气压管向气囊中输注气体,使气囊撑大从而将两个稳定器椎间面撑开; 2) A stabilizer assembly into the sleeve, the stabilizer surface disposed intervertebral target position, Li open air, using air pressure sleeve and the pressure gas pipe infusion of the airbag, the airbag so as to stretch the two stable an intervertebral distraction surface;

3)夹闭气压管,通过套筒放置操控台组件,使平衡栓、气压套管和气压管穿过操控台平面的中空部分,操控台前架穿过螺纹钉,使气栗管连接气栗并通过气栗向气囊圈中充气,促使操控台平面向两侧支撑形成更大的操作空间,以适应稳定器椎间面向两侧位移的空间; 3) occlusion pressure tube, by placing a sleeve assembly console, so that the balance pin, the pressure sleeve and the pressure control tube passes through the hollow portion of the flat, through the control stage carrier screw for the gas pipe connecting the gas Li Li and inflate the airbag through the gas ring Li, prompting control flat to form larger operating space on both sides of the support, in order to accommodate the stabilizer intervertebral space for displacement on both sides;

4)去除气压,退出平衡栓、气压套管、气压管、气囊和套筒,通过操控台平面的中空部分将调试组件放置在稳定器组件的右侧,旋转调试器,使辐射状轮齿拨动螺钉齿,从而使螺纹钉穿过稳定器椎间面的螺纹孔并固定在稳定器椎间面上,从而通过螺纹钉旋嵌于椎体内和稳定器椎间面一起固定并稳定椎体; 4) removing the pressure, the balance exit plug, the pressure sleeve, the pressure tube, a balloon and the sleeve, through the manipulation of the flat hollow portion debugging components placed on the right stabilizer assembly, the rotary debugger, the radial teeth dial screw tooth, so that the screw for the intervertebral stabilizer through a threaded hole and fixed to the surface of the intervertebral surface of the stabilizer, so that by rotating the threaded nails embedded in the surface of the vertebral body and intervertebral stabilizer fixing and stabilizing vertebral bodies with ;

5)退出调试组件,将弹适器组件放置在两个螺纹钉的凹形底端面之间; 5) Exit debugging components, the elastic adapter assembly disposed between the female screw for the bottom end face of the two;

6)去除气压,退出操控台组件,弹适器组件紧紧的镶嵌在两个螺纹钉的凹形底端面之间,操作完成。 6) the pressure is removed, exit the console assembly, adapter assembly tightly shells embedded between two concave bottom end face of the screw for the operation is completed.

[0010] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是: [0010] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

本发明结构简单、使用方便,弹适器组件既保证了能够支撑两个稳定器椎间面的压力,又保证了两个稳定器椎间面的活动性,当松开操控台平面的气阀时,弹适器组件紧紧的镶嵌在两个螺纹钉的凹形底端面之间,既可以重构椎间盘,又解决了椎间盘稳定器的结构和功能问题。 The present invention is simple in structure, easy to use, both to ensure the elastic adapter assembly capable of supporting two surfaces of the intervertebral stabilizer pressure, but also to ensure the activity of the two surfaces of the intervertebral stabilizer, when the control release valve is flat , the adapter assembly shells tightly embedded in the concave bottom surface between the two threaded studs, the disc may be reconstructed, but also solved the structure and function of the disc stabilizer problem.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本发明中钝性分离器组件的结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 1 configuration diagram blunt separator assembly of the present invention.

[0012] 图2为本发明中盾构器的结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the invention's shield.

[0013] 图3为本发明中稳定器组件的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural stabilizer assembly of the invention.

[0014] 图4为本发明中操控台组件的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the console assembly of the invention.

[0015] 图5为本发明中调试组件的结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the invention debugging components.

[0016] 图6为本发明中弹适器组件的结构示意图。 [0016] Fig 6 a schematic structural diagram shot adapter assembly of the present invention.

[0017] 图中:1_稳定器椎间面;2_螺纹钉;3_螺纹齿;4_平衡栓;5_气压套管;6_气压管;7_气囊;8_气压栗;9_操控台平面;10_操控台前架;11_气栗管;12_气囊圈;13_稳定杆;14_稳座器;15_调试器;16_辐射状轮齿;17_凸球;18_弹簧圈;19_套筒;20_盾构体;21-锁杆;22_刀盘片;23_钝性分离器;24_离断刀;101_盾构器;102_稳定器组件;103-操控台组件;104_调试组件;105_弹适器组件;106_钝性分离器组件。 [0017] FIG: 1_ intervertebral stabilizer surface; 2_ Screws; 3_ thread tooth; 4_ balance pin; 5_ pressure sleeve; 6_ pressure pipe; 7_ airbag; 8_ pressure Li; 9 _ control flat; 10_ control stage carrier; Li 11_ gas pipe; 12_ airbag ring; 13_ stabilizer; stable seat 14_; a debugger 15_; 16_ radial tooth; 17_ convex spherical ; 18_ spring ring; 19_ sleeve; 20_ shield body; lock bar 21; a 22 the cutting disc; 23_ blunt splitter; 24_ from the cutting knife; 101_ shield; a stable 102_ assembly; 103- console assembly; 104_ debug assembly; 105_ projectile adapter assembly; 106_ blunt dissection assembly.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 下面结合具体实施方式对本专利的技术方案作进一步详细地说明。 [0018] DETAILED DESCRIPTION The following embodiments of the present patent technical solutions described in more detail.

[0019] 请参阅图1-6,一种椎间盘稳定器,包括钝性分离器组件106、盾构器101、稳定器组件102、操控台组件103、调试组件104和弹适器组件105,所述钝性分离器组件106包括套筒19、锁杆21和钝性分离器23,所述钝性分离器23通过锁杆21固定安装在套筒19上,钝性分离器组件106通过旋转可以进入椎间盘组织,进行钝性分离,尽量减少组织损伤,所述盾构器101包括盾构体20、刀盘片22和离断刀24,刀盘片22均匀安装在盾构体20的左侧端面上,离断刀安装在盾构体内侧,通过旋转盾构体20使刀盘片22切割部分椎间盘组织,当刀盘片22盾构结束时,推送离断刀24至盾构体20的前端,再旋转盾构体20使离断刀24离断椎间盘组织;所述稳定器组件102包括稳定器椎间面1、螺纹钉2、气压套管5、气压管6、气囊7和气压栗8,所述稳定器椎间面1和螺纹钉2均设有两个,稳定器椎间面1内部设 [0019] Referring to FIG. 1-6 A disc stabilizer assembly 106 includes a blunt separation, the shield 101, the stabilizer assembly 102, console component 103, component debugging adapter 104 and spring assembly 105, the said blunt dissection assembly 106 comprises a sleeve 19, the lock lever 21 and a blunt splitter 23, the blunt splitter 23 through the lock lever 21 is fixedly mounted on the sleeve 19, blunt separator assembly 106 by rotating the can into the disc tissue, blunt dissection, minimize tissue damage, the shield 101 includes shield body 20, and the cutting disc 22 from the cutting knife 24, the cutting disc 22 is mounted on the left side shield uniform body 20 the end face, from the cutting knife mounted inside the shield member, the shield 20 by the rotation of the cutting portion 22 of the cutting disc so that the disc body tissue, the cutting disc 22 when the end shield, to push away from the cutting knife 24 of shield body 20 front end, and then the shield member 20 so that the rotating cutting knife 24 from breaking away from the intervertebral disc; the stabilizer assembly 102 includes a stabilizer surface intervertebral 1, 2 threaded nails, pressure sleeve 5, the pressure pipe 6, 7 and the balloon pressure chestnut 8, the stabilizer surface 1 and the intervertebral Screws 2 are provided with two, one inside surface provided an intervertebral stabilizer 有螺纹孔,且稳定器椎间面1为L型冠状面,以便螺纹钉2能够旋转进入稳定器椎间面1中,所述螺纹钉2通过螺纹孔安装在稳定器椎间面1上,螺纹钉2的底端面为凹形,且螺纹钉2的凹形底端面上设有螺钉齿3,所述气囊7置于两个螺纹钉2的凹形底端面之间,气囊7依次通过气压套管5和气压管6连接气压栗8,气栗8可观察压力数值,通过观察压力的变化来控制压力的增减来增加或缩减两个稳定器椎间面1之间的距离,所述气压套管5上还安装有平衡栓4,平衡栓4和气压套管5用来稳定和连接稳定器组件102 ;所述操控台组件103包括操控台平面9、操控台前架10和气囊圈12,所述操控台平面9和操控台前架10均设有两个,两个操作台平面9之间还设有稳定杆13,稳定杆13限定操控台平面9使两个操控台平面9平行,所述操控台平面9为中空结构,以便平衡栓4、气栗套管5和气压管6通 A threaded hole, and the surface of the stabilizer 1 L-shaped intervertebral coronal plane, in order to screw in the nail 2 can be rotated into the intervertebral surface of the stabilizer 1, the two mounting screw posts by threaded holes on one surface of the intervertebral stabilizer, screws bottom surface 2 is concave and the bottom surface of the female screw for the screw 2 is provided with teeth 3, the balloon 7 between two concave bottom surface of the staple 2 is placed in the thread, passes through pressure balloon 7 5 and the sleeve 6 connected to the pressure air hose 8 Li, Li 8 gas pressure value can be observed, pressure is increased or decreased by controlling the change in pressure was observed to increase or reduce the distance between the two intervertebral stabilizer surface, said the air pressure balancing the sleeve 5 is also mounted bolt 4, the bolt 4 and the pressure balance for stabilizing the sleeve 5 and the stabilizer assembly 102 is connected; said control console assembly 103 comprises a flat 9, control stage 10 and the airbag holder ring 12, the console control plane 9 and the stage 10 are provided with two racks, the stabilizer bar 13 is also provided between the two plane console 9, the stabilizer bar 13 defines a flat control console 9 that the two plane 9 parallel to the plane console 9 has a hollow structure, in order to balance the plug 4, the sleeve 5 and Li pressure gas pipe 6 through 操控台平面9,所述操控台前架10安装在操控台平面9的左侧,操控台前架10与操控台平面9构成U型平面,以便操控台组件103绕过螺纹钉2,所述气囊圈12安装在两个操控台平面9之间,气囊圈12设有两个,且两个气囊圈12的孔径和气压均一致,从而保证了操控台平面9的均衡与稳定,所述气囊圈12上还连接有气栗管11 ;所述调试组件104包括稳座器14、调试器15和辐射状轮齿16,所述调试器15安装在稳座器14的上方,稳座器14的上方设有凹槽,调试器15安装在凹槽中,防止调试器15旋转偏离,辐射状齿轮16安装在调试器15的左端;所述弹适器组件105包括凸球17和弹簧圈18,所述凸球17设有两个,弹簧圈18安装在两个凸球17之间,弹簧圈18为凸球17进入螺纹钉2的凹形底端面减少了压强。 Console plane 9, the handling stage 10 mounted on the left side of the frame plane 9 of the console, control stage 10 and the control frame 9 constituting the U-shaped flat plane so as to bypass the console assembly 103 Screws 2, the balloon ring 12 is mounted between two plane console 9, the airbag 12 is provided with two rings, and two ring aperture and the pressure of the airbag 12 are the same, so as to ensure the equilibrium and stability of the console plane 9, the balloon ring 12 is also connected to the gas pipe 11 Li; stabilizing assembly 104 includes the debug seat 14, and the radial teeth 15 debugger 16, the debugger 15 is installed above the steady seat 14, the seat 14 is stable above provided with a groove, the debugger 15 is installed in the recess, preventing the offset from the debugger 15 is rotated, the gear 16 is mounted radially to the left end 15 of the debugger; said elastic adapter assembly 105 includes a ball 17 and a spring ring projections 18 the ball 17 is provided with two projections, the spring ring 18 is mounted between the two convex ball 17, spring ring 18 is a convex spherical concave 17 into the screw for the bottom end face 2 of the reduced pressure.

[0020] 所述椎间盘稳定器的使用方法,具体步骤如下: [0020] The method using the disc stabilizer, the following steps:

1)利用锁杆21将钝性分离器23固定安装在套筒19中,切开皮肤和皮下组织,钝性分离椎间盘并打开椎间隙,将套筒19放入间隙中,打开锁杆21,退出钝性分离器23,留置套筒19,送入盾构器101,用盾构器101上的刀盘片22切割部分椎间盘组织,再推进离断刀24离断部分椎间盘组织,退出盾构器101,留出稳定器组件102的空间; 1) Using blunt dissection, the lock lever 21 is fixedly mounted in the sleeve 23 19, cut the skin and subcutaneous tissue, and blunt dissection intervertebral disc space is opened, the sleeve 19 into the gap, to open the lock lever 21, exit blunt splitter 23, retention sleeve 19, into the shield 101, the cutting portion 22 with a knife disc tissue shield 101 on the disk, and then advancing the cutting knife 24 from breaking away from the portion of the disc tissue, exit the shield 101, leaving room stabilizer assembly 102;

2)将稳定器组件102放入套筒19中,使稳定器椎间面1置于目标位置,打开气栗8,利用气压套管5和气压管6向气囊7中输注气体,使气囊7撑大从而将两个稳定器椎间面1撑开; 2) A stabilizer assembly 102 into the sleeve 19, the intervertebral surface of the stabilizer 1 is placed a target position, the open air chestnut 8, using air pressure and pressure in the pipe sleeve 5 6 7 infusion of gas into the airbag, the airbag 7 so as to stretch the two stabilizer surface 1 intervertebral distraction;

3)夹闭气压管6,通过套筒19放置操控台组件103,使平衡栓4、气压套管5和气压管6穿过操控台平面9的中空部分,操控台前架10穿过螺纹钉2,使气栗管11连接气栗8并通过气栗8向气囊圈12中充气,促使操控台平面9向两侧支撑形成更大的操作空间,以适应稳定器椎间面1向两侧位移的空间; 3) occlusion pressure tube 6, sleeve 19 is placed through the console assembly 103, so that the balance pin 4, pneumatic pressure in the pipe 6 and the sleeve 5 through the hollow portion of the console of the plane 9, through the manipulation of the stage frame 10 Screws 2, so that the air pipe 11 is connected to the gas Li Li Li 8 and through the air ring 12 to inflate the airbag 8, 9 is formed flat manipulation causes more room to sides of the support, in order to accommodate the stabilizer 1 to the side surface of the interspinous displacement of space;

4)去除气压,退出平衡栓4、气压套管5、气压管6、气囊7和套筒19,通过操控台平面9的中空部分将调试组件104放置在稳定器组件102的右侧,旋转调试器15,使辐射状轮齿16拨动螺钉齿3,从而使螺纹钉2穿过稳定器椎间面1的螺纹孔并固定在稳定器椎间面1上,从而通过螺纹钉2旋嵌于椎体内和稳定器椎间面一起固定并稳定椎体; 4) the pressure is removed, exit the balance pin 4, the pressure sleeve 5, the pressure pipe 6, the air bag 7 and the sleeve 19, through the hollow portion of the console plane 9 debug assembly 104 placed on the right stabilizer assembly 102, rotation of debugging 15, so that the radial teeth 16 teeth toggle screw 3, so that the staple 2 through the threaded screw hole intervertebral stabilizer surface 1 is fixed and the stabilizer on the surface of intervertebral 1 to 2 by screw for rotation fitted on vertebral fixation and stabilization of vertebral and intervertebral stabilizer surfaces together;

5)退出调试组件104,将弹适器组件105放置在两个螺纹钉2的凹形底端面之间; 5) Exit debug assembly 104, adapter assembly 105 will spring is placed between two concave bottom end face of the screw for 2;

6)去除气压,退出操控台组件103,弹适器组件105紧紧的镶嵌在两个螺纹钉2的凹形底端面之间,操作完成。 6) the pressure is removed, exit the console assembly 103, adapter assembly 105 shells tightly embedded in the concave bottom surface between two screw posts 2, the operation is completed.

[0021] 本发明结构简单、使用方便,弹适器组件105既保证了能够支撑两个稳定器椎间面1的压力,又保证了两个稳定器椎间面1的活动性,当松开操控台平面9的气阀时,弹适器组件105紧紧的镶嵌在两个螺纹钉2的凹形底端面之间,既可以重构椎间盘,又解决了椎间盘稳定器的结构和功能问题。 [0021] The present invention is simple in structure, easy to use, suitable projectile assembly 105 ensures that pressure can only support two intervertebral stabilizer surface 1, but also to ensure the activity of the two intervertebral stabilizer surface 1, when loosening when the control valve 9 of the flat, elastic adapter assembly 105 is firmly embedded between the two concave bottom surface Screws 2, the disc may be reconstructed, but also solved the structure and function of the disc stabilizer problem.

[0022] 上面对本专利的较佳实施方式作了详细说明,但是本专利并不限于上述实施方式,在本领域的普通技术人员所具备的知识范围内,还可以在不脱离本专利宗旨的前提下作出各种变化。 Face preferred embodiment of the present patent were [0022] the detailed description of this patent is not limited to these embodiments, within the ordinary skill in the art possess knowledge of the range may be made without departing from further purpose of the present patent premise We made various changes.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种椎间盘稳定器,包括钝性分离器组件(106)、盾构器(101)、稳定器组件(102)、操控台组件(103)、调试组件(104)和弹适器组件(105),其特征在于,所述钝性分离器组件(106)包括套筒(19)、锁杆(21)和钝性分离器(23),盾构器(101)包括盾构体(20)、刀盘片(22)和离断刀(24),刀盘片(22)均匀安装在盾构体(20)的左侧端面上,离断刀(24)安装在刀盘片(22)的内侧,所述钝性分离器(23)通过锁杆(21)固定安装在套筒(19)上;所述稳定器组件(102)包括稳定器椎间面(1)、螺纹钉(2)、气压套管(5)、气压管(6)、气囊(7)和气压栗(8),所述稳定器椎间面(1)和螺纹钉(2)均设有两个,稳定器椎间面(1)为L型冠状面,且稳定器椎间面(1)内部设有螺纹孔,所述螺纹钉(2)通过螺纹孔安装在稳定器椎间面(1)上,螺纹钉(2)的底端面为凹形,且螺纹钉(2)的凹形底端面上设有螺钉齿(3),所述气囊(7 )置于两个螺纹 An intervertebral stabilizer, comprising a blunt separator assembly (106), shield (101), the stabilizer assembly (102), a console assembly (103), debug assembly (104) and spring assembly adapter ( 105), wherein said blunt separator assembly (106) comprises a sleeve (19), the lock lever (21) and a blunt splitter (23), shield (101) comprises a shield body (20 ), the cutting disc (22) and away from the cutting knife (24), the cutting disc (22) attached to the left end surface of uniform shield member (20), from the cutting knife (24) mounted on the cutting disc (22 ) is inside the blunt splitter (23) through a lever (21) fixedly mounted on a sleeve (19); the stabilizer assembly (102) comprises an intervertebral stabilizer surface (1), a threaded nail ( 2), the pressure sleeve (5), the pressure pipe (6), the balloon (7) and pneumatic Li (8), the stabilizer intervertebral surface (1) and Screws (2) has two stable an intervertebral surface (1) is L-shaped coronal plane, and an intervertebral stabilizer surface (1) internally provided with a threaded hole, said screw posts (2) by a threaded hole in the mounting surface on the intervertebral stabilizer (1), screws (2) of the concave bottom surface, and a screw nail (2) is provided with a concave bottom surface of the screw tooth (3), the balloon (7) disposed between two thread (2 )的凹形底端面之间,气囊(7 )依次通过气压套管(5 )和气压管(6)连接气压栗(8),所述气压套管(5)上还安装有平衡栓(4);所述操控台组件(103)包括操控台平面(9)、操控台前架(10)和气囊圈(12),所述操控台平面(9)和操控台前架(10)均设有两个,两个操作台平面(9)之间还设有稳定杆(13),操控台前架(10)安装在操控台平面(9)的左侧,气囊圈(12)安装在两个操控台平面(9)之间,所述气囊圈(12)上还连接有气栗管(11);所述调试组件(104)包括稳座器(14)、调试器(15)和辐射状轮齿(16),所述调试器(15)安装在稳座器(14)的上方,辐射状齿轮(16)安装在调试器(15)的左端;所述弹适器组件(105)包括凸球(17)和弹簧圈(18),所述凸球(17)设有两个,弹簧圈(18)安装在两个凸球(17)之间。 (2) a concave bottom surface, the balloon (7) passes through the pressure sleeve (5) and pressure pipe (6) connected to the pressure chestnut (8), the pressure sleeve (5) is also mounted on the bolt balance (4); said console assembly (103) comprises a control flat (9), control stage carrier (10) and a balloon ring (12), said console plane (9) and a control stage holder (10) provided with two, also a stabilizer bar (13) between two console plane (9), control stage carrier (10) is mounted on the left side console plane (9) of the balloon ring (12) is mounted console between the two planes (9), Li is also connected to gas pipe (11) on the collar of the airbag (12); the debug assembly (104) comprises a steady seat (14), the debugger (15) and radial teeth (16), said debugger (15) mounted above the steady seat (14), the radial gear (16) mounted in a debugger (15) of the left end; said elastic adapter assembly ( 105) comprises a convex sphere (17) and spring ring (18), said projecting ball (17) is provided with two coil springs (18) mounted between two projections balls (17).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的椎间盘稳定器,其特征在于,所述操控台平面(9)为中空结构。 2. The disc according to claim stabilizer of claim 1, wherein said console plane (9) is a hollow structure.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的椎间盘稳定器,其特征在于,所述操控台前架(10)与操控台平面(9)构成U型平面。 Disc according to claim 1 of the stabilizer, wherein said control stage carrier (10) and the console plane (9) constituting the U-plane.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的椎间盘稳定器,其特征在于,所述气囊圈(12)设有两个,且两个气囊圈(12)的孔径和气压均一致。 The disc stabilizer according to claim 1, wherein said balloon ring (12) is provided with two rings and two balloons (12) are consistent pore size and air pressure.
  5. 5.一种如权利要求1-4任一所述的椎间盘稳定器的使用方法,其特征在于,具体步骤如下: 1)利用锁杆(21)将钝性分离器(23)固定安装在套筒(19)中,切开皮肤和皮下组织,钝性分离椎间盘并打开椎间隙,将套筒(19)放入间隙中,打开锁杆(21),退出钝性分离器(23),留置套筒(19),送入盾构器(101),用盾构器(101)上的刀盘片(22)切割部分椎间盘组织,再推进离断刀(24)离断部分椎间盘组织,退出盾构器(101),留出稳定器组件(102)的空间; 2)将稳定器组件(102)放入套筒(19)中,使稳定器椎间面(1)置于目标位置,打开气栗(8),利用气压套管(5)和气压管(6)向气囊(7)中输注气体,使气囊(7)撑大从而将两个稳定器椎间面(1)撑开; 3)夹闭气压管(6),通过套筒(19)放置操控台组件(103),使平衡栓(4)、气压套管(5)和气压管(6)穿过操控台平面(9)的中空部分,操控台前架(10)穿过螺纹钉(2),使 5. A method of using a disc stabilizer according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein the following steps: 1) using a lever (21) to blunt the separator (23) fixedly mounted in the casing cylinder (19), cut the skin and subcutaneous tissue, and blunt dissection open intervertebral disc space, the sleeve (19) into the gap, to open the lock lever (21), exit the blunt splitter (23), the indwelling a sleeve (19), into the shield (101), the cutting disc is a shield (22) (101) cut portions disc tissue, tissue from the disc portion and then advancing the cutting knife (24) from the off, exit shield (101), leaving a space stabilizer assembly (102); and 2) a stabilizer assembly (102) into the sleeve (19) in the intervertebral stabilizer surface (1) is placed in a target position, Li open air (8), using the pressure sleeve (5) and pressure pipe (6) of the airbag (7) in the infusion gas, the air bag (7) to stretch so that the two intervertebral stabilizer surface (1) support open; 3) clamping pressure tube (6), the sleeve (19) is placed console assembly (103), so that the balance pin (4), the pressure sleeve (5) and pressure pipe (6) through the plane console (9) of the hollow portion, control stage carrier (10) through a screw nail (2), so that 栗管(11)连接气栗(8)并通过气栗(8)向气囊圈(12)中充气,促使操控台平面(9)向两侧支撑形成更大的操作空间,以适应稳定器椎间面(1)向两侧位移的空间; 4)去除气压,退出平衡栓(4)、气压套管(5)、气压管(6)、气囊(7)和套筒(19),通过操控台平面(9)的中空部分将调试组件(104)放置在稳定器组件(102)的右侧,旋转调试器(15),使辐射状轮齿(16)拨动螺钉齿(3),从而使螺纹钉(2)穿过稳定器椎间面(1)的螺纹孔并固定在稳定器椎间面(1)上,从而通过螺纹钉(2)旋嵌于椎体内和稳定器椎间面一起固定并稳定椎体; 5)退出调试组件(104),将弹适器组件(105)放置在两个螺纹钉(2)的凹形底端面之间; 6)去除气压,退出操控台组件(103),弹适器组件(105)紧紧的镶嵌在两个螺纹钉(2)的凹形底端面之间,操作完成。 Li pipe (11) connected to the gas Li (8) and by gas Li (8) to the airbag ring (12) is inflated, causes console plane (9) to form a larger operating space on both sides of the support, in order to accommodate the stabilizer vertebral (1) to both sides of the space between the surface displacement; 4) removing the pressure, the balance exit plug (4), the pressure sleeve (5), the pressure pipe (6), the balloon (7) and the sleeve (19), by manipulating flat (9) of the hollow portion of the debug assembly (104) placed on the right stabilizer assembly (102), the rotary debugger (15), that the radial teeth (16) slide screw tooth (3), whereby the screw spike (2) through an intervertebral stabilizer surface (1) and fixed to the threaded holes intervertebral stabilizer surface (1), so that by screwing the nail (2) embedded in the vertebral body and rotating the stabilizer interspinous fixing and stabilizing the vertebral body surfaces together; 5) to exit the debugger assembly (104), the elastic adapter assembly (105) disposed between the two screw posts (2) of the concave bottom surface; 6) removing the pressure, exit consoles assembly (103), spring adapter assembly (105) tightly embedded between two screw posts (2) of the concave bottom surface, the operation is completed.
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