CN105308707A - Switch, method for producing a switch, and electronic module system - Google Patents

Switch, method for producing a switch, and electronic module system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105308707A
CN105308707A CN201480033142.6A CN201480033142A CN105308707A CN 105308707 A CN105308707 A CN 105308707A CN 201480033142 A CN201480033142 A CN 201480033142A CN 105308707 A CN105308707 A CN 105308707A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
button
switch
film
executive component
Prior art date
Application number
CN201480033142.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105308707B (en
Inventor
卢德克·贝尔卡
Original Assignee
Zf腓德烈斯哈芬股份公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE201310211827 priority Critical patent/DE102013211827A1/en
Priority to DE102013211827.9 priority
Application filed by Zf腓德烈斯哈芬股份公司 filed Critical Zf腓德烈斯哈芬股份公司
Priority to PCT/EP2014/060213 priority patent/WO2014202306A1/en
Publication of CN105308707A publication Critical patent/CN105308707A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105308707B publication Critical patent/CN105308707B/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/50Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member
    • H01H13/52Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member the contact returning to its original state immediately upon removal of operating force, e.g. bell-push switch
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2207/00Connections
    • H01H2207/004Printed circuit tail
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2215/00Tactile feedback
    • H01H2215/004Collapsible dome or bubble
    • H01H2215/008Part of substrate or membrane
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2223/00Casings
    • H01H2223/054Mounting of key housings on same printed circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2233/00Key modules
    • H01H2233/03Key modules mounted on support plate or frame
    • H01H2233/034Snap coupling
    • H01H2233/036Snap coupling with limited freedom
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2235/00Springs
    • H01H2235/018Spring seat
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2235/00Springs
    • H01H2235/028Blade spring

Abstract

The invention relates to a switch (100) having at least one membrane key (130). The at least one membrane key (130) is arranged on a first main surface of a flexible carrier film (140). in the region of the at least one membrane key (130), a key carrier element is mounted on a second main surface of the flexible carrier film (140), facing away from the first main surface. At least one actuating element (120) for actuating the at least one membrane key (130) is also provided. The at least one actuating element (120) is movable between a rest position, in which the at least one actuating element (120) is a distance away from the at least one membrane key (130), and an actuation position, in which the at least one actuating element (120) is in contact with the at least one membrane key (130).

Description

Switch, for the manufacture of method and the electronic module system of switch

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of switch with at least one film button, a kind of manufacture has the method for the switch of at least one film button and has the electronic module system in particular for vehicle of this switch.

Background technology

Electric appliance component supporting body or electronic module supporting body or electronic module system such as can load in the door lock of vehicle.Usually, electric appliance component supporting body is equipped with switch, such as sliding contact switch or similar switch.In addition, film button is commercially on sale.DE10205581A1 discloses a kind of film button with independent switch.

Summary of the invention

Based on this background, present invention achieves the switch with at least one film button of the improvement according to independent claims, the electronic module system of improvement and improvement for the manufacture of the method for switch with at least one film button.Favourable execution mode is obtained by dependent claims and the following description.

The present invention relates to a kind of switch with at least one film button, it is characterized in that, at least one film button is arranged on the first first type surface of flexible carrier films, wherein, what button load-carrying unit was fixed on flexible carrier films in the region of at least one film button deviates from the second first type surface of the first first type surface, wherein, at least one executive component is set for operating at least one film button, wherein, at least one executive component can move between resting position and operating position, in resting position, at least one executive component and at least one film button are separately, in operating position, at least one executive component is in at least one film button and contacts.

Flexible carrier films may be embodied as multilayer film.Flexible carrier films can have multiple layer.At least one layer at least can have electrical insulating material in partial sector, such as plastic material.Alternatively, at least one layer at least can have the material that can conduct electricity in partial sector.Flexible carrier films can be arranged between at least one film button and button load-carrying unit in the region of at least one film button.At least one film button can utilize material sealed (stoffschl ü ssig) to be mounted on flexible carrier films.Button load-carrying unit can be shaped by plastic material.At this, button load-carrying unit can integral type be shaped.Alternatively, button load-carrying unit also can have multiple parts.At least one other button load-carrying unit also can be set.Button load-carrying unit can utilize the sealed and/or positive (formschl ü ssig) of material to be fastened on flexible carrier films.At least one executive component can be configured to the mechanically actuated operation facilitated at operating position place at least one film button.At least one executive component can be shaped by metal material.If at least one executive component is arranged in resting position, the first switching state of switch so can be there is.If at least one executive component is arranged in operating position, or to be manoeuvred in operating position by resting position and movement is back in resting position again, so can to there is the second switching state of switch.

The electronic module system being particularly useful for vehicle has following features:

At least one execution mode of above-mentioned switch;

Supporting body housing, has for carrying at least one receiving section of at least one switch and the jointing for external contact electronic module system; And

Bindiny mechanism, for being based upon the electrical connection between at least one receiving section and jointing.

Vehicle can be motor vehicle, such as road vehicle, such as car and bogie.Electronic module system can be electric appliance component supporting body or electronic module supporting body or analog.Electronic module system can with the mode plug-in mounting be connected with the door lock of vehicle.The execution mode of above-mentioned switch can with electronic module system combined use in an advantageous manner or apply, to detect switching state, such as vehicle door lock state and/or perform handoff procedure.Bindiny mechanism can be shaped by metal material.Supporting body housing can have plastic material.Bindiny mechanism can be lead frame (Stanzgitter) or analog, and supporting body housing such as sprays on lead frame.

Method for the manufacture of the switch with at least one film button has the following step:

Preparation process, prepares flexible carrier films, the first first type surface of flexible carrier films is installed at least one film button;

Fixing step, what button load-carrying unit is fixed in the region of at least one film button flexible carrier films deviates from the second first type surface of the first first type surface;

Deposition step, arranges at least one partial sector of at least one film button, button load-carrying unit and carrier film in the housing; And

Installation steps, at least one executive component for operating at least one film button is movably arranged on housing, wherein, at least one executive component can move between resting position and operating position, in resting position, separately, in operating position, at least one executive component is in at least one film button and contacts at least one executive component and at least one film button.

Described method can advantageously be implemented, for the execution mode setting up aforementioned switches.

According to the embodiment of the present invention, switch, the switch in particular for vehicle electric element assembly supporting body can be built by least one film button.At this, at least one film key layout is on flexible multilayer film and between executive component and mechanical stop.Thus can realize favourable switch, it can advantageously be encased in electronic subassembly, the electric appliance component supporting body of such as vehicle or analog.

According to advantageous manner, embodiments of the present invention provide the switch of optimization, and it is applicable to, in the electronic subassembly manufactured and be encased in vehicle at low cost in installation process especially electric appliance component supporting body, can realize the installation of this low cost in other words.Thus can by by the manufacture of improvement or installation process and obtain cost optimization according to the switch of embodiment of the present invention is combined.The advantage that this switch especially has compared with standard micro switch is, in the configuration with flexible membrane and film button, can obtain the repellence of high dust tightness, water proofing property and relative chemical material.In addition, switch manufactures with can also having price advantage, this is because without the need to independent keyboard.Advantageously, due to flexible carrier films, and lay that flexibility compared with punching press wire (Stanzbahn) is larger or film layout possibility is more.In addition, switch especially also has the uncomplicated plastics profile comprising pressure injection encapsulated membranes.Switch also can so be shaped, that is, can realize the compatibility with the given geometry of the receiving section of switch or standard switch receiving member.In addition, the combination with punching press wire can be realized, such as, for the engine contact in vehicle, and pad and/or soldering point and casting process can be exempted.

According to the execution mode of switch, button load-carrying unit can be configured to, and works for the backstop of the executive component be in operating position as at least one film button.At this, when executive component is in operating position, executive component can be utilized to press at least one film button against button load-carrying unit.The advantage that this execution mode provides is, with simple, effectively and reliable fashion utilize button load-carrying unit to realize for operating film button and and then be mechanical stop for switch.

Flexible carrier films also can have at least one through hole, and button load-carrying unit can have at least one projection, can arrange under the protruding state be fixed at button load-carrying unit on carrier film in the mode extended through at least one through hole.At this, the number of openings in carrier film can corresponding to the quantity of the projection of button load-carrying unit.Each projection all can be inserted through through hole.At this, button load-carrying unit can be fixed on flexible carrier films, specifically, makes at least one pass the bulging deformation of through hole insertion, such as, is press-fited.The advantage of this execution mode is, button load-carrying unit can be fixed on flexible carrier films simply and reliably.

In addition, at least one executive component can also one-sided supporting and pre-tensioner in resting position.At this, at least one executive component can be arranged as cantilever beam or analog.Therefore, at least one executive component is constructed to be manoeuvred into operating position from resting position by external operating force, to operate film button and and then console switch.Without in external operating force situation, at least one executive component turns back to resting position from operating position.In bracket end (at this place, at least one executive component is one-sided supported) and free end between, the operating projection that at least one executive component can have for importing external operating force switches protruding with at least one, wherein, at least one switches protruding can layout in contact with the film button of switch in the operating position of at least one executive component.The advantage that this execution mode provides is, can with reliable and can accurately repeat with simple mode to operate at least one film button and and then console switch.

Switch especially can have the first film button, the second film button, the first executive component and the second executive component.At this, the first executive component can be configured to operation first film button.At this, the second executive component can be configured to operation first film button and the second film button.Thus the second executive component can be shaped as dual operation device, such as double armed lever or analog.The advantage that this execution mode provides is, such as, can be realized the operation possibility can carried out flexibly or variation is mated by cam etc.This alternative mode achieves and such as can utilize switch feedback or detect at least two states.

In addition housing can be arranged to, at least one partial sector and the button load-carrying unit of at least one film button, carrier film can be arranged in the housing.At this, at least one executive component can be arranged on housing in a movable manner.Especially at least one executive component can be bearing on housing unilaterally.Housing can have the case material be made up of plastics or similar material.Especially case material pressure injection can be utilized to encapsulate at least one film button, at least one partial sector of carrier film and button load-carrying unit.The advantage that this execution mode provides is, has set out the protective housing for switch element, and housing also can install at least one executive component.

Described housing can have at least one operation aperture at least one executive component to operate at least one film button, at least one connection opening at least one film button of electrical contact, at least one at least one executive component install section and at least one stop element at least one executive component.In addition, housing can also have at least one tool accommodation opening for holding instrument to carry out manual manipulation switch.At least one executive component can be arranged at least one and install on section.When at least one executive component is arranged in operating position, the partial sector of executive component can extend to film button through the operation aperture of housing.At least one stop element can be configured to stop at least one executive component to be moved beyond operating position.Can common operation aperture be set for all film buttons or distinguish setting operation opening for each film button.The advantage that this execution mode provides is, housing is configured to operation and the function of supporting and improve switch.

According to the execution mode of method, in this deposition step, case material pressure injection can be utilized to encapsulate or pour into a mould at least one partial sector of at least one film button, button load-carrying unit and carrier film.The advantage that this execution mode provides is; according to the geometric requirements ground applied needed for switch, at least one partial sector of at least one film button, button load-carrying unit and carrier film can be equipped with the suitable and housing of protectiveness in mode that is simple, that can be matched with the geometry of respective application and/or film.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Exemplaryly by reference to the accompanying drawings further illustrate the present invention.Wherein:

Figure 1A to Fig. 1 L illustrates the view of the switch according to the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 A to Fig. 2 E illustrates the view of switch according to another embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 A to Fig. 3 I illustrates the view of the electronic module system according to the embodiment of the present invention; And

Fig. 4 illustrates the method flow diagram manufactured according to the switch of the embodiment of the present invention.

In the following explanation that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is carried out, use same or analogous Reference numeral for illustrating in different figures and acting on similar element, wherein, omit the repeat specification to these elements.

Embodiment

Figure 1A illustrates the stereogram of the switch 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention.Housing 110 in switch 100, operation aperture 112, multiple tool accommodation opening 114, stop element 116, connection opening 118 are shown in Figure 1A, section 119, executive component 120, bracket end 122 have been installed, have switched projection 124, operating projection 126, free end 128, film button 130 and flexible carrier films 140.Thus switch 100 also can be described to membrane switch.Switch 100 is such as constructed or is arranged for equipment electronic module system or analog, such as, according to the electronic module system of Fig. 3 A to Figure 31.

Housing 110 has operation aperture 112, exemplary six tool accommodation openings 114, stop element 116, connection opening 118 and installs section 119.Executive component 120 is connected with housing 110 and has bracket end 122, switches protruding 124, operating projection 126 and free end 128.Film button 130 is arranged on or is arranged on flexible carrier films 140.The Part I section of film button 130 and flexible carrier films 140 is surrounded by housing 110 at least partly.Especially the Part I section of film button 130 and flexible carrier films 140 is encapsulated for the case material pressure injection of housing 110.Case material such as has plastic material.

According to the embodiment of the present invention shown in Figure 1A, housing 110 is roughly square.At the first type surface place of housing 110, operation aperture 112, tool accommodation opening 114, stop element 116 and installation section 119 are formed in or are arranged in housing 110.Housing 110, the subsurface adjacent with first type surface or side surface place, connection opening 118 is formed in or is arranged in housing 110.

At this, section 119 is installed and is adjacent to arrange with the narrow lateral edges of first type surface.Section 119 is installed be configured to realize executive component 120 to be arranged on housing 110.Especially, section 119 is installed and is configured to, hold and maintain the bracket end 122 of executive component 120, to be arranged on housing 110 housing by executive component 120.According to the embodiment shown in Figure 1A, install section 119 and be configured as gap, the bracket end 122 of executive component 120 can be introduced and be lockable in this gap.

Operation aperture 112 is exemplarily rounded and be medially arranged on the first type surface of housing 110 as through hole.Film button 130 is exposed by operation aperture 112.Operation aperture 112 is arranged and is configured to, and can realize utilizing executive component 120 to operate film button 130.Tool accommodation opening 114 is arranged around operation aperture 112 ground radial outerly relative to this operation aperture.At this, tool accommodation opening 114 extends along the circular arc as the partial sector of whole circumference as gap.

Stop element 116 is configured to, and the mechanical stop as executive component 120 works.At this, operation aperture 112 is arranged in installs between section 119 and stop element 116.Stop element is configured as protruding relative to the hitching post look (zapfenfarbig) of housing 110 first type surface.The partial sector that connection opening 118 is configured to realize flexible carrier films 140 stretches out from housing 110.Thus the Part II section of flexible carrier films 140 extends out from housing 110 through connection opening 118 ground.

Thus flexible carrier films 140 has the Part I section being arranged in housing 110 inside and the Part II section extended out from housing 110 through connection opening 118.Flexible carrier films 140 is configured as multilayer film.The main material of flexible carrier films 140 is such as plastics.Film button 130 is arranged on the Part I section of flexible carrier films 140.It is tactile that film button 130 can utilize flexible carrier films 140 to be conductively connected.For this reason, flexible carrier films 140 such as comprises printed conductor or analog.At this, flexible carrier films 140 can have in the Part II section of housing 110 outside join domain for by film button 130 and and then switch 100 be electrically connected in external system.

Be arranged on housing 110 to the one-sided supporting of executive component 120 or one-sided tensioning.At this, be arranged on and install on section 119 in the installation section 119 that the bracket end 122 of executive component 120 is contained in housing 110.According to the embodiment of the present invention shown in Figure 1A, executive component 120 is configured as the longitudinal punching press and bool of being made up of metal material.The first end section of executive component 120 has bracket end 122, and the second end section of executive component 120 has free end 128.The free end 128 of executive component 120 and housing 110 are separately.

Between bracket end 122 and free end 128, executive component 120 has switching protruding 124 and operating projection 126.To be arranged under switching protruding 124 states be arranged on housing 110 at executive component 120 in film button 130 region and to extend towards film button 130.Switch protruding 124 and be configured to operation film button 130.Operating projection 126 is arranged between the switching protruding 124 of executive component 120 and free end 128 under executive component 120 is arranged on the state on housing 110.According to the embodiment shown in Figure 1A, operating projection 126 and free end 128 are arranged adjacently.Operating projection 126 is constructed to absorb external operating force, and wherein, external operating force can be delivered to film button 130 by switching protruding 124.

Under having and there is not external operating force situation, executive component 120 moves between resting position and operating position by strain, and in static position, executive component 120 and film button 130 are separately, at operating position place, executive component 120 is in film button 130 and contacts.At this, executive component 120 is pre-tensioner in resting position.Figure 1A illustrates the switch 100 with the executive component 120 be arranged in resting position.

Figure 1B illustrates film button 130 according to the switch of Figure 1A and flexible carrier films 140.The Part I section of flexible carrier films 140 has roughly rounded flat shape, and wherein, the Part II section of flexible carrier films 140 is configured as the Part I section with roughly rectangular flat shape.Film button 130 is exemplarily arranged between two parties in the Part I section of flexible carrier films 140 on the first first type surface of flexible carrier films 140.Flexible carrier films 140 is exemplary in Part I section has three through holes 142.The through hole 142 of flexible carrier films 140 is radially arranged in film button 130 outside with common circumference.

Fig. 1 C illustrate according to the embodiment of the present invention for being fixed on according to the button load-carrying unit 150 on the flexible carrier films of Figure 1B.According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 C, button load-carrying unit 150 to be shaped with having the form dish type of the flat shape roughly in rounded triangular.Button load-carrying unit 150 especially has plastic material.In order to be fixed on the flexible carrier films according to Figure 1B, button load-carrying unit 150 is exemplary has three projections 152.At this, one of them projection 152 is correspondingly arranged in the region at one of them turning of button load-carrying unit 150.The main extension plane of projection 152 towards common direction relative to button load-carrying unit 150 extends.

Fig. 1 D illustrates film button 130 according to Figure 1B and flexible carrier films 140, and wherein, the button load-carrying unit according to Fig. 1 C is arranged on flexible carrier films 140.At this, button load-carrying unit is arranged in deviating from the second first type surface of the first first type surface of flexible carrier films 140.Because be capped at second first type surface depending on the first first type surface and this flexible carrier films that there is shown flexible carrier films 140 of Fig. 1 D, so except the partial sector of protruding 152, button load-carrying unit is also capped.The projection 152 of button load-carrying unit extends through the through hole of flexible carrier films 140 at this.Therefore, flexible carrier films 140 is arranged between film button 130 and button load-carrying unit in its subregion.Button load-carrying unit is constructed to, and works as mechanical stop when operating film button 130.

Fig. 1 E illustrates the flexible carrier films 140 according to Figure 1B Fig. 1 D in other words, and this flexible carrier films has the button load-carrying unit 150 disposed thereon according to Fig. 1 C.View (in other words) in Fig. 1 E illustrates the flexible carrier films 140 with button load-carrying unit with the view that have rotated about flexible carrier films 140 second first type surface of Fig. 1 D.

Fig. 1 F illustrates film button 130 according to Figure 1B and flexible carrier films 140, and wherein, the button load-carrying unit according to Fig. 1 C is arranged on flexible carrier films 140.At this, the view of Fig. 1 F is equivalent to the view according to Fig. 1 D, and exception part is, in order to be arranged on flexible carrier films 140 by button load-carrying unit, the projection 152 of button load-carrying unit is out of shape.At this, protruding 152 such as in partial sector (it extends on that side of the first first type surface of flexible carrier films 140 through the through hole in flexible carrier films 140) with the mode press-fited or otherwise plastic deformation, connect with the positive realized between button load-carrying unit and flexible carrier films 140.The flexible carrier films 140 with film button 130 and mounted button load-carrying unit is the part of the switch according to Figure 1A.

Fig. 1 G illustrate according to Figure 1A there is no the switch 100 of executive component and with visually-clear in other words visible mode illustrate.At this with being subject to display condition restriction shown in switch 100: the housing 110 that there is operation aperture 112, tool accommodation opening 114, stop element 116, connection opening 118 and install section 119, film button 130, and flexible carrier films 140.At this, also can seeing in housing 110 inside as its profile as shown in Figure 1B, 1D and 1F of flexible carrier films 140.In addition, can see the profile installing section 119, it is configured as the barrel of the bracket end for holding executive component.

Fig. 1 H illustrates the executive component 120 according to the switch of Figure 1A.Bracket end 122 is configured as plug for be received into and for being embedded in the installation section of switch case.Executive component 120 has longitudinal through hole, for the movement of operation improving element 120 between its resting position and its operating position between bracket end 122 and switching protruding 124.Switch protruding 124 and operating projection 126 be configured as the bending of the protuberance of executive component 120 or the section in arch.

Fig. 1 I illustrates the switch 100 according to Figure 1A with the perspective view mode as Fig. 1 G and the stereogram as Figure 1A.

Fig. 1 J illustrates the switch 100 according to Fig. 1 I with vertical view.At this with being subject to display condition restriction shown in switch 100: the housing 110 that there is operation aperture 112, multiple tool accommodation opening 114 and install section 119, there is bracket end 122, switch the executive component 120 of projection 124, operating projection 126 and free end 128, film button 130, and flexible carrier films 140.Fig. 1 J at this illustrate towards the vertical view of the first type surface of the housing 110 of switch 100.In other words, Fig. 1 J is with the vertical view of housing 110 first first type surface and in perspective view mode, the switch according to Fig. 1 is shown.

Fig. 1 K illustrates the switch 100 according to Fig. 1 I with the end view of the long side edges towards housing 110 first type surface.At this with being subject to display condition restriction shown in switch 100: the housing 110 that there is stop element 116 and install section 119, there is bracket end 122, switch the executive component 120 of projection 124, operating projection 126 and free end 128, film button 130, flexible carrier films 140 and button load-carrying unit 150.At this, the profile can seeing executive component 120 and stop element 116 and the flexible carrier films 140 be arranged in the housing 110 of switch 100, flexible carrier films 140 has film button 130 and mounted button load-carrying unit 150.

Fig. 1 L illustrates the switch 100 according to Fig. 1 I with the end view of the narrow lateral edges towards housing 110 first type surface.At this with being subject to display condition restriction shown in switch 100: there is the housing 110 installing section 119, the executive component 120 with bracket end 122, flexible carrier films 140 and button load-carrying unit 150.

Below, referring to figs. 1A to Fig. 1 L, again explain the switch 100 according to embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings of the present invention in other words.Switch 100 or membrane switch represent the alternative scheme of conventional slip contact switch.Switch 100 comprises at least one executive component 120 or especially its mechanical operators be made up of steel plate (such as by the stainless steel X5CrNi18-10 according to DIN17441).Executive component 120 is fixed on the housing 110 of pressure injection encapsulating.Executive component 120 is constructed to by its moulding pre-tensioner, that is, in static position not squeeze film button 130 or film contact.If apply external force to executive component 120, so it bends towards film button 130 and switches the shaping arch portion activated membrane button 130 of protruding 124 with it.By the pre-spray of plastics, be positioned at button load-carrying unit 150 below film button 130 or film button bracket serve as for film button 130 and if desired for the backstop of instrument.When external force removes, executive component 120 is back to again resting position or original initial position.Film button 130 is positioned on flexible carrier films 140, and flexible carrier films is pressed onto on the button load-carrying unit 150 of the pre-spray with protruding 152.At this, the advantage that flexible carrier films 140 provides is, it also can cross plane earth plug-in mounting by simple deformation, and on the contrary, rigid printed circuit boards can only be used as plane.According to embodiment, the flexible carrier films 140 with film button 130 is inserted in plastic casing to manufacture switch 100 and to be provided with cap and executive component 120.Then, housing 110 pressure injection encapsulating.At this, the case material being used to pressure injection encapsulating flexible carrier films 140, button load-carrying unit 150 and film button 130 can be plastic material, especially polyamide, such as PA66.

Housing 110 may be embodied as, and is directly installed on housing by button load-carrying unit 150.Thus, button load-carrying unit 150 is eliminated to the assembling on flexible carrier films 140.So housing 110 replaces button load-carrying unit 150 to work as the backstop for film button 130.

Fig. 2 A illustrates the stereogram of switch 200 according to another embodiment of the present invention.Illustrate in Fig. 2 A that housing 210, two operation aperture 212 in switch 200, multiple tool accommodation opening 214, stop element 216, connection opening 218, two are installed section 219, had bracket end 222, two executive components, 220, two the film buttons 230 switching projection 224, operating projection 226 and free end 228 and flexible carrier films 240 respectively.At this, view in Fig. 2 A and switch 200 are equivalent to view according to Figure 1A to Fig. 1 L and switch, exception part is, switch 200 shown in Fig. 2 A has two film buttons 230, thus two operation aperture, 212, two stop elements 216 and two executive components 220, wherein, by display condition restriction, a stop element 216 is only shown.

At this, the first executive component 220 is arranged as follows, that is, its bracket end 222 is arranged on adjacent with the first narrow lateral edges of housing 210 first type surface first and installs in section 219.First executive component 220 is configured to operation first film button 230.Second executive component 220 is arranged as follows, that is, its bracket end 222 is arranged on adjacent second the installing in section 219 of the second narrow lateral edges opposite with the first narrow lateral edges of housing 210 first type surface.Second executive component 220 is configured to operation second film button 230.

Even if it cannot be seen by display condition restriction in fig. 2, but switch 200 is similar to and also has button load-carrying unit according to the switch of Figure 1A to Fig. 1 L ground.According to embodiment, switch 200 has two button load-carrying units, and wherein, button load-carrying unit is arranged respectively for film button 230.

According to embodiment, first in executive component 220 is configured to operate first in film button 230, second in executive component 220 second of being configured to operate in film button 230 first and film button 230, in particular for operating two film buttons 230 roughly simultaneously.

Fig. 2 B illustrates the switch 200 according to Fig. 2 A in perspective view mode.At this, the profile of flexible carrier films 240 also can be seen in housing 210 inside.At this, flexible carrier films 240 is stretched in Part I section relative to the flexible carrier films of the switch according to Figure 1A to Fig. 1 L, to hold two film buttons 230.

Fig. 2 C illustrates the switch 200 according to Fig. 2 B with vertical view.At this, by display condition restriction shown in switch 200: housing 210, operation aperture 212, multiple tool accommodation opening 214, section 219 is installed, there is bracket end 222 respectively, switch the executive component 220 of protruding 224 and operating projection 226, film button 230, the projection 252 of flexible carrier films 240 and at least one button load-carrying unit.What illustrate in fig. 2 c can see in the vertical view of housing 210 first type surface, and operation aperture 212 and film button 230 are arranged relative to the medial axis of housing 210 first type surface with staggering.

Fig. 2 D illustrates the switch 200 according to Fig. 2 B with end view.At this, by display condition restriction shown in switch 200: housing 210, one of them stop element 216, one of them installs section 219, executive component 220, one of them bracket end 222, flexible carrier films 240 and at least one button load-carrying unit 250.At this, switch 200 shown in the end view of one of them the narrow lateral edges towards housing 210 first type surface.

Fig. 2 E illustrates the switch 200 according to Fig. 2 B with opposite side view.

At this, by display condition restriction shown in switch 200: housing 210, one of them stop element 216, section 219 is installed, there is bracket end 222 respectively, switch the executive component 220 of projection 224, operating projection 226 and free end 228, film button 230, flexible carrier films 240 and the button load-carrying unit 250 with protruding 252.At this, switch 200 shown in the end view of one of them long side edges towards housing 210 first type surface.

Fig. 2 A to 2E illustrates the embodiment of the membrane switch for the alternative with multiple operator and film button.This membrane switch can realize, such as, can detect and/or switch at least two states.According to embodiment, double armed lever is set to executive component 220, when operating, this double armed lever operates two film buttons 230 be positioned at below it, and the second simple rod is set to another executive component 220, by operating this second simple rod, one of them film button 230 is only touched and operated to this second simple rod.

Fig. 3 A illustrates the stereogram of the electronic module system 300 according to the embodiment of the present invention.At this, by display condition restriction and/or exemplarily shown in electronic module system 300: supporting body housing 310, three receiving sections 312, plug or jointings 314, two switches 320 and filler 325.Electronic module system 300 is such as the electronic building brick supporting body for being connected with door lock for vehicle.Even if can not clearly treat in Fig. 3 A view, but one of them switch 320 is the switches according to the embodiment of the present invention, its corresponding to or the switch that to be similar to shown in Figure 1A to Fig. 2 E and to describe.

Supporting body housing 310 has receiving section 312 and jointing 314.Receiving section 312 is configured as and holds recess or analog.Receiving section 312 is configured to loaded switch 320.Jointing 314 is configured to the external electrical contact that can realize electronic module system.One of being received respectively in section 312 held switch 320.In addition, receiving section 312 is also filled with or is filled with filler 325.

Fig. 3 B illustrates the electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 A by another stereogram.Electrical connection between receiving section 312 and jointing 314 is realized by the bindiny mechanism being arranged in supporting body housing 310 inside that will illustrate below.

Fig. 3 C illustrates the electronic module system according to Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B, does not have supporting body housing, does not also have filler.Thus, two switches 320, bindiny mechanism 330, two insert-pull pins 332, multiple contact plug 334 and another switches 340 for the manufacture of the electrical connection between receiving section and jointing are shown.Bindiny mechanism 330 is such as by especially metal three the punching press wires of energy electric conducting material at this.Bindiny mechanism 330 has insert-pull pin 332 and contact plug 334, and these insert-pull pins are arranged in jointing in complete electronic module system, and every two contact plugs are arranged in a receiving section.Switch 320 is electrically connected with two in contact plug 334 respectively.Other switches 340 are electrically connected with two in contact plug 334 equally.

Fig. 3 D illustrates the bindiny mechanism 330 according to Fig. 3 C, does not have above-mentioned switch and other switches.Bindiny mechanism 330 is made up of plate stamping and in position bends.

Fig. 3 E illustrates according to the bindiny mechanism 330 according to Fig. 3 D in the supporting body housing of Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B in identical perspective view mode.By display condition restriction, supporting body housing 310, receiving section 312, jointing 314, bindiny mechanism 330 and insert-pull pin 332 are shown at this.In other words, Fig. 3 E illustrates the electronic module system according to Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B in perspective view mode, does not have switch, does not also have filler.The supporting body housing 310 with receiving section 312 and jointing 314 utilizes injection moulding process or similar approach to make.At this, bindiny mechanism to be put in spray mould and to utilize plastic pressure injection to encapsulate.

Fig. 3 F illustrates the electronic module system according to Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B, does not have switch, does not also have filler.At this, the view in Fig. 3 F is corresponding to the view according to Fig. 3 E, and exception part is there is another stereogram and select nontransparent pictorial representation.

Fig. 3 G illustrates the electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B, does not have filler, and has and be arranged in receiving section 312 with the switch 320 and 340 be received.In other words, Fig. 3 G illustrates that Fig. 3 F illustrates electronic module system, and it has and is arranged in receiving section 312 with the switch 320 and 340 be received.

Fig. 3 H illustrates the electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 G, and it has the switch 320 and 340 be contained in receiving section 312.At this, switch 320 and other switches 340 are put in supporting body housing 310 as electric appliance component or electronic building brick, or supporting body housing 310 is equipped with electric appliance component.In addition, switch 320 can be connected with the bindiny mechanism of electronic module system 300 conductively with other switches 340, such as sealing, welding or press-in.

Fig. 3 I illustrates the electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 H, and it has the receiving section 312 of filling with filler 325.In other words, Fig. 3 I illustrates electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 A or Fig. 3 B with the stereogram changed.At this, the contact area of switch 320 and other switches and bindiny mechanism's contact plug filled 321 to seal in receiving section 312.Therefore, the contact opened wide filled 324 seals and insulate with indoor humidity.

Electronic module system 300 according to Fig. 3 A to 3I is such as used in door lock for vehicle.For this reason, electronic module system 300 is encased in the door lock of vehicle.Be arranged in bar operation at least one of them switch 420 in door lock.Switch is electrically connected or disconnects it and connects.Switch contacts is connected with bindiny mechanism 330, is configured as insert-pull pin 332 by the partial sector of bindiny mechanism.Electronic module system 300 can be connected via jointing 314 and by the cable bundle of vehicle with controller.Thus electronic module system 300 is configured for providing the signal of telecommunication to controller, and this signal of telecommunication represents the locking states of door lock for vehicle.

Fig. 4 illustrates the flow chart of the method 400 for the manufacture of switch, and this switch has at least one film button according to the embodiment of the present invention.By manner of execution 400, can produce as switch shown in Figure 1A to Fig. 2 E one of them switch.

Method 400 has the step 410 preparing flexible carrier films, is arranged on the first first type surface of flexible carrier films by least one film button.

Method 400 also has step 420, for button load-carrying unit being fixed on second first type surface deviating from the first first type surface of flexible carrier films at least one film key area.

Method 400 also has step 430, for arranging at least one partial sector of at least one film button, button load-carrying unit and carrier film in housing.

Finally, method 400 has step 440, at least one executive component of at least one film button of operation is movably arranged on housing.At this, at least one executive component can in resting position (wherein, at least one executive component and at least one film button are separately) and operating position (wherein, at least one executive component is in at least one film button and contacts) between move.

According to embodiment, in this deposition step 430, utilize case material pressure injection to encapsulate or pour into a mould at least one partial sector of at least one film button, button load-carrying unit and carrier film.

Described is only exemplary selection with the embodiment shown in figure.Different embodiments can completely or based on each feature combination with one another.An embodiment also can be supplemented by the feature of other embodiments.In addition, steps of a method in accordance with the invention also can repeat and perform according to another order being different from described order.

Connect if embodiment has "and/or" between fisrt feature and second feature, so can so be understood as, embodiment not only has fisrt feature according to an execution mode but also has second feature and only have fisrt feature according to another execution mode or only have second feature.

Reference numerals list

100 switches

110 housings

112 operation aperture

114 tool accommodation openings

116 stop elements

118 connection opening

119 install section

120 executive components

122 bracket end

124 switch projection

126 operating projection

128 free ends

130 film buttons

140 flexible carrier films

142 through holes

150 button load-carrying units

152 is protruding

200 switches

210 housings

212 operation aperture

214 tool accommodation openings

216 stop elements

218 connection opening

219 install section

220 executive components

222 bracket end

224 switch projection

226 operating projection

228 free ends

230 film buttons

240 flexible carrier films

250 button load-carrying units

252 is protruding

300 electronic module systems

310 supporting body housings

312 receiving sections

314 jointings

320 switches

325 fillers

330 bindiny mechanisms

332 insert-pull pins

334 contact plugs

340 other switches

400 methods manufactured

410 steps prepared

420 fixing steps

430 steps of arranging

440 steps of installing

Claims (10)

1. one kind has at least one film button (130, 230) switch (100, 200), it is characterized in that, by least one film button (130 described, 230) flexible carrier films (140 is arranged on, 240) on the first first type surface, wherein, button load-carrying unit (150, 250) at least one film button (130 described, 230) described flexible carrier films (140 is fixed in region, 240) on the second first type surface deviating from described first first type surface, wherein, at least one executive component (120 is set, 220) for operating at least one film button (130 described, 230), wherein, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) can move between resting position and operating position, in described resting position, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) with at least one film button (130 described, 230) separately, in described operating position, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) with at least one film button (130 described, 230) contact.
2. switch according to claim 1 (100,200), it is characterized in that, described button load-carrying unit (150,250) is configured to, and works as the backstop of described at least one film button (130,230) when executive component (120,220) is in described operating position.
3. according to the switch (100,200) one of aforementioned claim Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described flexible carrier films (140,240) has at least one through hole (142), and described button load-carrying unit (150,250) has at least one projection (152,252), described projection is arranged in the mode extended through described at least one through hole (142) under described button load-carrying unit (150,250) is fixed on the state on described carrier film (140,240).
4. according to the switch (100,200) one of aforementioned claim Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, at least one executive component described (120,220) one-sided supporting and/or pre-tensioner in resting position.
5. according to the switch (200) one of aforementioned claim Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described switch (200) has the first film button (230), the second film button (230), the first executive component (200) and the second executive component (200), wherein, described first executive component (220) is configured to operate described first film button (230), wherein, described second executive component (220) is configured to the described first film button (230) of operation and described second film button (230).
6. according to the switch (100,200) one of aforementioned claim Suo Shu, it is characterized in that there is housing (110,210), at least one partial sector and the described button load-carrying unit (150,250) of described at least one film button (130,230), described carrier film (140,240) is arranged in described housing, especially wherein, at least one executive component described (120,220) is arranged on described housing (110,210) in the mode that can move.
7. switch (100 according to claim 6, 200), it is characterized in that, described housing (110, 210) have at least one executive component (120 described, 220) at least one operation aperture (112, 212) to operate at least one film button (130 described, 230), for at least one film button (130 described in electrical contact, 230) at least one connection opening (118, 218), for at least one executive component (120 described, 220) at least one installs section (119, 219) with at least one executive component (120 described, 220) at least one stop element (116, 216).
8. an electronic module system (300), is particularly useful for vehicle, and wherein, described electronic module system (300) has following features:
According at least one switch (100,200) one of aforementioned claim Suo Shu;
Supporting body housing (310), it has described at least one receiving section (312) of at least one switch (100,200) of supporting and the jointing (314) for electronic module system (300) described in external contact; And
Bindiny mechanism (330), for being based upon described electrical connection between at least one receiving section (312) and described jointing (314).
9. the method (400) of a manufacture switch (100,200), described switch has at least one film button (130,230), and wherein, described method (400) has the following step:
Prepare (410) flexible carrier films (140,240), the first first type surface of described flexible carrier films is installed described at least one film button (130,230);
Button load-carrying unit (150,250) is fixed in the region of described at least one film button (130,230) (420) on second first type surface deviating from described first first type surface of described flexible carrier films (140,240);
At least one partial sector of (430) described at least one film button (130,230), described button load-carrying unit (150,250) and described carrier film (140,240) is arranged in housing (110,210); And
To be used for operating at least one film button (130 described, 230) at least one executive component (120, 220) (440) are installed at described housing (110 in the mode that can move, 210) on, wherein, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) can move between resting position and operating position, in described resting position, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) with at least one film button (130 described, 230) separately, in described operating position, at least one executive component (120 described, 220) with at least one film button (130 described, 230) contact.
10. method according to claim 9 (400), it is characterized in that, in the step of described layout (430), utilize case material pressure injection to encapsulate or pour into a mould at least one partial sector described surrounding described at least one film button (130,230), described button load-carrying unit (150,250) and described carrier film (140,240).
CN201480033142.6A 2013-06-21 2014-05-19 Switch, for manufacturing the method and electronic module system of switch CN105308707B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201310211827 DE102013211827A1 (en) 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Switch, method of manufacturing a switch and electronic module system
DE102013211827.9 2013-06-21
PCT/EP2014/060213 WO2014202306A1 (en) 2013-06-21 2014-05-19 Switch, method for producing a switch, and electronic module system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105308707A true CN105308707A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105308707B CN105308707B (en) 2017-11-21

Family

ID=50732202

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201480033142.6A CN105308707B (en) 2013-06-21 2014-05-19 Switch, for manufacturing the method and electronic module system of switch

Country Status (3)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105308707B (en)
DE (1) DE102013211827A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2014202306A1 (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2115573U (en) * 1992-04-09 1992-09-09 南京市金陵薄膜开关厂 Reed type film switch
GB2256969A (en) * 1991-05-24 1992-12-23 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Waterproof push button switches.
CN2416594Y (en) * 1999-08-27 2001-01-24 富金精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Level touch switch
US20030094357A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-05-22 Lin Wan Lai Press-button switch structure
CN1453807A (en) * 2002-04-22 2003-11-05 阿尔卑斯电气株式会社 Removable contactor body and its producing method, and switch apparatus using with the same
DE102011013180A1 (en) * 2011-03-05 2012-09-06 Volkswagen Ag House-like component for key arrangement of control diaphragm that is arranged in region of e.g. instrument panel of motor car, has recesses for retaining projections such that connection is formed between component and another component

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3809837A (en) * 1971-09-30 1974-05-07 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Microswitch with readily removable leaf spring actuating means
JP2002245895A (en) 2001-02-14 2002-08-30 Yazaki Corp Dome switch
TW200709243A (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-03-01 Citizen Electronics Sheet switch, sheet switch module and panel switch

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2256969A (en) * 1991-05-24 1992-12-23 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Waterproof push button switches.
CN2115573U (en) * 1992-04-09 1992-09-09 南京市金陵薄膜开关厂 Reed type film switch
CN2416594Y (en) * 1999-08-27 2001-01-24 富金精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Level touch switch
US20030094357A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-05-22 Lin Wan Lai Press-button switch structure
CN1453807A (en) * 2002-04-22 2003-11-05 阿尔卑斯电气株式会社 Removable contactor body and its producing method, and switch apparatus using with the same
DE102011013180A1 (en) * 2011-03-05 2012-09-06 Volkswagen Ag House-like component for key arrangement of control diaphragm that is arranged in region of e.g. instrument panel of motor car, has recesses for retaining projections such that connection is formed between component and another component

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105308707B (en) 2017-11-21
DE102013211827A1 (en) 2014-12-24
WO2014202306A1 (en) 2014-12-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR101102170B1 (en) Electrical connector
JP4215772B2 (en) Control device unit and method of manufacturing the control device unit
ES2255972T3 (en) Perfected instrument packaging for electronic energy meters.
JP4606283B2 (en) connector
EP2510590B1 (en) System plug connector having an adapter module
JP5517370B2 (en) Electrical connectors and connector assemblies
US8221147B2 (en) Electrical connector
JP3886543B2 (en) Electrical connection device
WO2008086884A1 (en) Pump unit
CN101350481B (en) Shielded connector structure
US7845973B2 (en) Contact configuration to be used in a connector
US5967300A (en) Switch with flexible conductor foil
FR2859818A1 (en) Switching device for electronic apparatus e.g. passenger compartment console, has operating unit comprising conducting segments that connect LED to supply tracks on entire axial extension of operating unit
EP2342784A2 (en) Molded electrical socket
JP5757153B2 (en) coaxial connector device
EP1760837B1 (en) Electrical zero insertion force connector
CN101971430B (en) Electric contact
JP2001503560A (en) Switch system by Mid technology
US7275946B2 (en) Electric connector for wiring harness having a short circuit terminal
JP5833300B2 (en) connector
CN102544690B (en) Antenna unit and door handle device including the same
EP0929428A1 (en) Valve control device with tridimensional printed board in mid technology
JP4886167B2 (en) Measuring sensor
JP2002537635A (en) Steering wheel, in particular having a switching element for sounding the horn
DE102004063814A1 (en) Adapter for use with a miniature electronic drive

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant