CN105300365A - Orienting device for excavating connected aisle and orienting method thereof - Google Patents

Orienting device for excavating connected aisle and orienting method thereof Download PDF

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CN105300365A
CN105300365A CN 201510829850 CN201510829850A CN105300365A CN 105300365 A CN105300365 A CN 105300365A CN 201510829850 CN201510829850 CN 201510829850 CN 201510829850 A CN201510829850 A CN 201510829850A CN 105300365 A CN105300365 A CN 105300365A
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excavation
laser
laser emitter
provided
laser beam
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CN 201510829850
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105300365B (en )
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李昕
伍立文
杨海涛
关丽娟
刘竞荣
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广州市盾建地下工程有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/002Active optical surveying means
    • G01C15/004Reference lines, planes or sectors

Abstract

The invention discloses an orienting device for excavating a connected aisle and an orienting method thereof. The orienting device for excavating the connected aisle comprises a fixing mechanism for fixing the device on an external side opposite to an excavation side, double ends of the fixing device are respectively provided with two first laser emitters, the middle part of the fixing mechanism is provided with a second laser emitter, the first laser beams emitted by first laser emitters project on an indicative identification position preset on the excavation side, and a second laser beam emitted by the second laser emitter is superposed with an excavation center line. The orienting device for excavating the connected aisle has the advantages of simple operation, accurate direction guidance, saved manpower and material resources. The orientation method can be used for conveniently guiding working persons to excavate the connected aisle, and accurately guiding the excavation direction.

Description

联络通道开挖定向装置及其定向方法 Excavation connecting passage directional orientation method and apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及地下隧道工程测量技术领域,尤其涉及一种联络通道开挖定向装置及其定向方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of measuring technology underground tunnel construction, in particular, it relates to a device for excavation directed communication passage and orientation methods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 联络通道是设置在两个隧道之间的通道,即通过联络通道将地铁隧道的左线和右线接通,以方便在一条隧道出现问题的时候可以从另外一条隧道进去,然后再通过联络通道进入需要救援的地方,达到快速救援的目的。 [0002] The communication passage is disposed in the channel between the two tunnels, that is contacted by the left channel and a right line of the subway tunnel line is turned on to facilitate a problem when in a tunnel a tunnel can go from the other, and then by connecting passage into the local need of rescue, achieve rapid rescue. 对联络通道进行开挖施工时,需要确定开挖方向线。 When contacted channel excavation and construction, we need to determine the direction of the excavation line. 传统的,首先在隧道内拼装联络通道管片,通过测量两条隧道中拼装管片的中心位置确定出实际开挖方向线,并延伸到开挖隧道内与开挖面相对的外侧面上,通过射钉枪在外侧面墙壁及开挖面上打入射钉,确定三点成一线,从而实现开挖方向的指引。 Traditional, assembled within the first passage of tunnel segments, determining the actual direction of the excavation line of the tunnel by measuring the two assembled segments of the center position, and extends to the outer side of the cutting face opposite the tunnel excavation, through the nail gun into the side walls and the outer surface of the nail excavation, to determine the three o'clock line, thereby to achieve guide of the excavation direction. 但是,在开挖过程中,位于开挖面上的入射钉容易受到碰撞或隧道施工开挖面变形、下沉的影响,导致方向发生位移,指导方向误差大,需要不断进行开挖方向确认,耗费了大量的人力物力。 However, during excavation, the excavation is located in the nail surface susceptible to impact or tunnel excavation plane deformation, impact sinking, resulting in displacement direction, the direction of the guidance error is large, the need to constantly confirm the excavation direction, We spent a lot of manpower and resources.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 基于此,本发明在于克服现有技术的缺陷,提供一种操作简单、方向指引精确的联络通道开挖定向装置及其定向方法。 [0003] Based on this, the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art to provide a simple, accurate guidance dig directional communication passage direction orientation device and method.

[0004] 其技术方案如下: [0004] The technical solutions are as follows:

[0005] —种联络通道开挖定向装置,包括用于固定在与开挖面相对的外侧面上的固定机构,所述固定机构的两端分别设有第一激光发射器,所述固定机构的中部设有第二激光发射器,所述第一激光发射器发射的第一激光束用于投射在开挖面上预设的指示标识位置,所述第二激光发射器发射的第二激光束用于与开挖中心线重合。 [0005] - species dig directional communication passage means comprises a fixing means for fixing the outer side of the excavation face opposite both ends of the fixing means are respectively provided with a first laser emitter, said fixing means the second laser beam provided with a second central laser emitter, the first laser emitter emits a first laser beam for projecting the cutting faces instruction identifier preset position, the second laser light emitted by the transmitter excavation for the beam coincides with the center line.

[0006] 在其中一个实施例中,所述固定机构的两端内侧还分别设有第三激光发射器,两个所述第三激光发射器分别位于所述第一激光发射器与所述第二激光发射器之间,所述第三激光发射器发射的第三激光束用于投射至开挖洞内的开挖净空位置。 [0006] In one embodiment, the inner ends of the fixing means is further provided with a third laser emitter, respectively, of said two third laser emitter at said first and said second laser emitter between two laser emitter, the third laser emitter emitting a laser beam for projecting the third hole to the excavation position of the excavation clearance.

[0007] 在其中一个实施例中,所述固定机构为高度可调式结构。 [0007] In one embodiment, the securing mechanism is a height-adjustable structure.

[0008] 在其中一个实施例中,所述固定机构包括横板、套设在所述横板上的至少两个微调套筒以及与所述微调套筒连接的至少两个粗调支架,所述第一激光发射器、第二激光发射器和第三激光发射器均设置在所述横板上,所述粗调支架用于与所述外侧面连接。 [0008] In one embodiment, the securing means comprises a transverse plate, provided at least two sets of the trim sleeve and at least two cross plate bracket and the coarse trim sleeve connected to, the said first laser emitter, a second laser emitter, and the third laser emitter are disposed on the lateral plate, the coarse bracket for connection with said outer side surface.

[0009] 在其中一个实施例中,所述粗调支架包括一端与所述微调套筒连接的第一竖杆、一端设有挂钩的第二竖杆和卡紧件,所述第一竖杆的另一端与第二竖杆的另一端套设设置,所述第一竖杆与第二竖杆上分别纵向间隔开设有多个贯穿孔,所述卡紧件插入不同的所述贯穿孔中以调节所述粗调支架的高度。 [0009] In one embodiment, the coarse trimming one end of the stent comprising a first sleeve connected to the vertical bar, vertical bar at one end provided with a second hook and said engaging member, said first vertical bar the other ends of the second vertical rod sleeved provided, the first and the second vertical bar are longitudinally spaced stanchions defines a plurality of through holes, said clamping member is inserted into the through holes of different in the coarse adjustment of the height of the stand.

[0010] 在其中一个实施例中,所述微调套筒包括微调块和微调件,所述微调块上开设有用于套设在所述横板上的通槽,所述通槽的高度大于所述横板截面高度,所述微调块的上侧面与下侧面上分别开设有至少两个贯穿所述通槽的螺纹孔,所述微调件插入所述螺纹孔中以调节所述横板在所述通槽中的高度。 [0010] In one embodiment, the trim sleeve member comprising a trim piece and trimming, the trimming block defines a sleeve for the lateral grooves provided in the through-plate, said through slot height greater than the cross-sectional height of said upper plate, the upper side of the trim piece and the lower side surface, respectively, defines at least two threaded through holes extending through said slot, said trimming member is inserted into the threaded hole in the transverse plate in order to adjust the the height of said through groove.

[0011] 在其中一个实施例中,所述联络通道开挖定向装置还包括锁紧机构,所述横板与开挖面相对的侧面上开设有滑动槽,所述第二激光发射器固定设置在所述横板上,所述第一激光发射器与第三激光发射器可沿所述滑动槽滑动并通过所述锁紧机构锁紧在所述滑动槽上。 [0011] In one embodiment, the communication passage means further comprises a dig directional locking mechanism, the lateral groove defines a sliding plate on the side opposite to the excavation face, the second laser emitter fixed the horizontal plate, the first laser emitter and the third laser emitter may be slid along the slide groove and the slide lock in the groove by said locking mechanism.

[0012] 在其中一个实施例中,所述固定机构的两端外侧还分别设有反射片。 [0012] In one embodiment, the outer ends of the fixing means are further provided with a reflective sheet.

[0013] 在其中一个实施例中,所述固定机构的中部设置有横向气泡仪,所述固定机构的两端分别设置有竖向气泡仪。 [0013] In one embodiment, the central portion of the fixing means is provided with a transverse bubble device, both ends of the fixing means are provided with a vertical bubble instrument.

[0014] —种利用上述所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的定向方法,包括以下步骤: [0014] - using the orientation method of the kind of communication passage dig directional device, comprising the steps of:

[0015] 通过全站仪向与开挖面相对的外侧面上发射所述联络通道开挖定向装置的安装坐标位置及开挖中心线; [0015] The transmitting communication passage mounting orientation of the coordinate position of excavation by means of the total station to the outer surface of the excavation and the excavation face opposite the center line;

[0016] 将所述联络通道开挖定向装置安装在所述外侧面上的安装坐标位置,使所述第一激光发射器发射的第一激光束投射在开挖面上预设的指示标识位置,所述第二激光发射器发射的第二激光束与开挖中心线重合; Indicates the position identification [0016] Excavation of the communication passage means mounted in the mounting orientation coordinates of the position of the outer surface of the first laser beam projects the first laser transmitter transmits a preset excavation face , the second laser beam center line of the excavation and the second laser emitter emitting coincide;

[0017] 根据所述第二激光束的投射方向进行开挖。 [0017] The excavation projecting direction of the second laser beam.

[0018] 本发明的有益效果在于: [0018] Advantageous effects of the present invention:

[0019] 通过将所述固定机构固定在与开挖面相对的外侧面上,实际开挖时,所述联络通道开挖定向装置位于与开挖面相对的外侧面上,不会因开挖面变形、下沉而受到影响。 [0019] positioned opposite the outer side of the excavation face by the fixing means fixed to the outside face of the excavated surface relative, the actual excavation, the excavation directional communication passage means will not Excavation surface deformation, subsidence affected. 在施工过程中通过巡查第一激光束是否与指示标识处于重合,可直观判断第二激光束对开挖中心线的方向是否指偏,若第一激光束投射的点与指示标识不重合,则说明第二激光束指偏,可调节第一激光发射器的发射位置从而调整第二激光发射器的发射方向。 In the construction process by inspection whether the first laser beam is coincident with the instruction marks can be visually judged whether the second laser beam direction means a partial excavation centerline whether, if the first laser beam projected point instruction identifier does not coincide, then refers to a partial description of the second laser beam, may be adjusted laser emitter emitting a first position so as to adjust the emission direction of the second laser emitter. 所述联络通道开挖定向装置操作简单、方向指引精确,能有效节省人力和物力。 The connecting passage simply dig directional operation of the device, precise guidance direction, which can effectively save manpower and material resources.

[0020] 所述定向方法能够方便地指导工作人员进行联络通道开挖,开挖方向指导精确、操作简单,能够有效节省人力和物力。 The [0020] method can easily guide the orientation staff communication passage excavation, excavation direction guidance precision, easy to operate, can effectively save manpower and material resources.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 图1为本发明实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的正视图; Example embodiments of the [0021] present invention, FIG. 1 orienting device communication passage excavation front view;

[0022]图2为本发明实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的安装结构示意图; The mounting structure [0022] Figure 2 embodiment of the present invention is directed communication passage means schematic excavation;

[0023]图3为本发明实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的后视图; [0023] Figure 3 embodiment of the present invention is directed communication passage excavation rear view of the device;

[0024]图4为本发明实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的俯视图; [0024] Figure 4 embodiment of the present invention is directed communication passage excavation plan view of the device;

[0025] 图5为本发明实施例所述的开挖定向方法的流程示意图。 Excavation schematic flow chart of a method directed [0025] Figure 5 embodiment of the present invention.

[0026] 附图标记说明: [0026] REFERENCE NUMERALS:

[0027] 100、联络通道开挖定向装置,10、固定机构,110、横板,122、滑动槽,120、微调套筒,122、微调块,124、微调件,130、粗调支架,132、第一竖杆,134、第二竖杆,136、贯穿孔,20、第一激光发射器,30、第二激光发射器,40、第三激光发射器,50、反射片,60、横向气泡仪,70、竖向气泡仪,200、开挖面,300、外侧面,400、指示标识,500、开挖中心线。 [0027] 100, connecting passage excavation orienting means 10, fixing means 110, horizontal plate 122, slide grooves 120, trim sleeve 122, the trimming block 124, trim pieces, 130, coarse stent, 132 a first vertical rod 134, a second vertical rod 136, the through hole 20, the first laser emitter 30, a second laser emitter, 40, of the third laser emitter 50, the reflective sheet 60, transverse bubble device, 70, a vertical bubble device, 200, excavation face 300, outer side 400, logo 500, the center line of the excavation.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 下面对本发明的实施例进行详细说明: [0028] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail:

[0029] 如图1、图2所示,一种联络通道开挖定向装置100,包括用于固定在与开挖面200相对的外侧面300上的固定机构10,所述固定机构10的两端分别设有第一激光发射器20,所述固定机构10的中部设有第二激光发射器30,所述第一激光发射器20发射的第一激光束用于投射在开挖面200上预设的指示标识400位置,所述第二激光发射器30发射的第二激光束用于与开挖中心线500重合。 Excavation orientation [0029] FIG. 1, FIG. 2 A communication passage 100, the fixing mechanism 200 opposite outer surface 300 and includes a cutting face 10 for fixing, the two fixing means 10 are respectively provided with a first end of the laser emitter 20, the middle of the securing mechanism 10 is provided with a second laser emitter 30, the first laser transmitter to transmit the first laser beam 20 is projected on the excavation face for the 200 400 indicates a preset position identifier, the second laser and the second laser emitter 30 emits a beam 500 coincides with the center line of the excavation. 通过将所述固定机构10固定在与开挖面200相对的外侧面300上,使所述第一激光发射器20发射的激光束与开挖面200上预设的指示标识400相重合,第二激光发射器30发射的激光束与预先测量得到的开挖中心线500相重合。 By the fixing means 10 is fixed to the excavation face 200 opposite outer surface 300, the first laser emitter and the laser beam 20 emitted from the excavation face 200 on the predetermined instruction identifier 400 coincide, the excavation of the laser beam with the center line of two previously measured transmitted laser emitters 30 500 coincide. 实际开挖时,所述联络通道开挖定向装置100位于与开挖面200相对的外侧面300上,不会因开挖面200变形、下沉而受到影响,在施工过程中通过巡查第一激光束是否与指示标识400处于重合,可直观判断第二激光束对开挖中心线500的方向是否指偏。 Excavation of the actual orientation of the excavation, said connecting passage means 100 located on the excavation surface 200 opposite outer surface 300, 200 will not deform the excavation face, sinking affected by the construction process in the first inspection whether the laser beam is coincident with the instruction identifier 400, can visually determine a second laser beam center line 500 whether the excavation direction biasing means. 若第一激光束投射的点与指示标识400不重合,则说明第二激光束指偏,此时,可通过调节第一激光发射器20的发射位置使第一激光束投射的点与指示标识400重合,从而使第二激光发射器30的发射第二激光束的方向继续指向开挖中心线500方向。 If the first laser beam projected point instruction identifier 400 do not coincide, then the laser beam of the second biasing means, In this case, the first laser beam spot projected by adjusting the identifier indicating the first laser transmitter to transmit the position 20 400 coincide, so that the direction of the second laser emitter emitting a second laser beam 30 continues to point to the excavation direction centerline 500. 在开挖过程中,工作人员可以通过巡查第一激光束的激光光源是否遭到破坏而判断指导开挖方向是否发生了角度倾斜,而无需多次进行重新测量放样操作,无需长时间停留在开挖状态,从而降低开挖风险。 During excavation work it can be determined whether the excavation to guide the direction of the incidence angle of inclination, without resorting to multiple stake remeasure the inspection operation by the first laser beam of the laser light source if damaged, without long stay in the open digging state, thereby reducing the risk of excavation. 所述联络通道开挖定向装置100操作简单、方向指引精确,能有效节省人力和物力。 Excavation of Simple operation 100 the communication passage means is oriented, the direction of guidance accuracy, can effectively save manpower and material resources.

[0030] 进一步的,所述固定机构10的两端内侧还分别设有第三激光发射器40,两个所述第三激光发射器40分别位于所述第一激光发射器20与所述第二激光发射器30之间,所述第三激光发射器40发射的第三激光束用于投射至开挖洞内的开挖净空位置。 [0030] Further, both ends of the inside of the fixing means 10 are further provided with a third laser emitter 40, the two third laser emitter 40 are located in the first laser emitter 20 and the first between two laser emitter 30, the third laser emitter 40 emits a laser beam for projecting the third hole to the excavation position of the excavation clearance. 通过设置第三激光发射器40,可用于控制开挖净空位置和监测拱顶高度。 By providing a third laser emitter 40, it can be used to monitor and control the position of the excavation dome height clearance. 两个第三激光发射器40发射的两束第三激光束分别投射在开挖洞内的左、右开挖净空位置,在开挖过程中,工作人员通过查看第三激光束可以控制开挖量,防止过挖或欠挖导致开挖净空出现较大误差。 Two third laser beams emitted from the two third laser beam emitters 40 are projected on the left of the excavation hole, the excavation and right clearance position, in the excavation process, the staff to see through third laser beam can be controlled Excavation amount, to prevent over or under-dig digging excavation clearance resulting in a larger error. 此外,工作人员可在开挖洞内拉设一条投射带,使第二激光发射器30与第三激光发射器40发射的激光束投射在投射带上,工作人员通过用标尺测量每一激光束投射的点至拱顶高度的距离,能够确定拱顶高度,进而判断拱顶是否发生位移、下塌等现象,从而提前规避风险。 Further, the staff can be pulled provided with a projection in the excavation hole, the second laser emitter 30 and the third laser emitter 40 emitting a laser beam is projected in the projection belt, each measuring staff with a laser beam through the scale projection distance point-to-dome height can be determined dome height, and then determine whether the displacement phenomenon vault, staying, so as to avoid risks in advance.

[0031] 所述固定机构10包括横板110、套设在所述横板110上的至少两个微调套筒120以及与所述微调套筒120连接的至少两个粗调支架130,所述第一激光发射器20、第二激光发射器30和第三激光发射器40均设置在所述横板110上,所述粗调支架130用于与所述外侧面300连接。 At least two fine adjustment sleeve [0031] The fixing means 10 comprises a horizontal plate 110 provided on the sleeve 110 of lateral plate 120 and at least two coarse bracket and the trim sleeve 120 is connected to 130, the the first laser emitter 20, a second laser emitter 30 and the third laser emitter 40 are disposed on the lateral plate 110, a bracket 130 for the coarse and the outer side surface 300. 实际安装本实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100时,首先通过全站仪向外侧面300上投射安装坐标位置,然后将装置安装至指示位置。 Excavation actual installation orientation of the embodiment according to the present embodiment of the apparatus when the communication passage 100, outwardly projecting first mounting position coordinates on the side 300 by the total station, and the mounting means to the indicated position. 粗调支架130用于粗调横板110的高度位置,使横板110基本位于安装坐标位置处;微调套筒120用于微调横板110的高度位置,使横板110精确地处于安装坐标位置,进而使得横板110上的第一激光发射器20、第二激光发射器30和第三激光发射器40发射的激光束投射准确。 Coarse bracket 130 for coarse height position of the horizontal plate 110 of the lateral plate 110 positioned substantially at the mounting location coordinates; trim sleeve 120 to adjust the position of the height of the horizontal plate 110, horizontal plate 110 so accurately in the installed position coordinates and further such that the laser emitter on the first lateral plate 11020, a second laser beam emitted from the laser emitter 30 and the third laser emitter 40 is projected accurately. 通过设置微调套筒120和粗调支架130,能够对承载有各激光发射器的横板110的高度进行精确调节,调节方便。 By providing the sleeve 120 and the coarse trimming holder 130, each capable of carrying a high degree of laser emitters lateral plate 110 is precisely adjusted to facilitate adjustment.

[0032] 进一步的,如图3、图4所示,所述粗调支架130包括一端与所述微调套筒120连接的第一竖杆132、一端设有挂钩的第二竖杆134和卡紧件(图中未不出),所述第一竖杆132的另一端与第二竖杆134的另一端套设设置,所述第一竖杆132与第二竖杆134上分别纵向间隔开设有多个贯穿孔136,所述卡紧件插入不同的所述贯穿孔136中以调节所述粗调支架130的高度。 [0032] Further, in FIG. 3, FIG. 4, the coarse one end of the bracket 130 includes a first trim sleeve 120 connected to the vertical bar 132, a second end provided with a vertical bar 134 and the card linked fastener (not not appear in the drawing), the other end of the first vertical bar 132 and the other end of the second vertical bar 134 is sleeved provided, each of the first vertical bar 132 and the second longitudinal rod 134 spaced vertical defines a plurality of through-holes 136, the clamping member is inserted into the through holes 136 different in order to adjust the height of the coarse adjustment bracket 130. 一般的,进行联络通道开挖前,会在开挖隧道中拼装管片支架,通过在第二竖杆134的一端设置挂钩,可用于挂设在外侧面300上相对应的管片上,而无需采用其他固定方式使固定机构10固定在外侧面300上,固定可靠方便,结构简单。 In general, for communication passage before the excavation will be assembled in the tube sheet holder tunneling, by providing the hook end of the second vertical bar 134 can be provided for hanging on the outer side surface of the corresponding tube sheet 300, without using other fastening means fixing the fixing mechanism 10 on the outer side surface 300, reliable fixation convenient and simple structure. 所述第一竖杆132的另一端与第二竖杆134的另一端套设设置,具体的可以为第一竖杆132的外径稍小于第二竖杆134的外径,第一竖杆132可在第二竖杆134中进行伸缩;也可以为第二竖杆134的外径稍小于第一竖杆132的外径,第二竖杆134可在第一竖杆132中进行伸缩。 The other end of the first vertical bar 132 and the other end of the second vertical bar 134 is provided sleeved, specifically it may be a first outer diameter slightly smaller than the vertical outer diameter of the lever 132 is a second vertical bar 134, a first vertical bar 132 may be performed in a second vertical rod 134 telescopically; may be a diameter of the second vertical rod 134 is slightly smaller than the outer diameter of the first vertical bar 132 and the second vertical bar 134 can expand and contract at a first vertical rod 132. 在第一竖杆132和第二竖杆134上设置贯穿孔136,调整第一竖杆132与第二竖杆134的相对伸缩位置并将卡紧件插入第一竖杆132与第二竖杆134的贯穿孔136中,从而可以调节所述横板110的高度位置,结构简单,操作方便。 The through hole 136 is provided, adjusting a first vertical bar 132 and the second vertical rod 134 relative telescopic position and the card in the first and second vertical rods 132 vertical rods 134 tightly inserted into the first vertical bar member 132 and the second vertical bar 134 through holes 136, thereby adjusting the height position of the horizontal plate 110 of simple structure, convenient operation.

[0033] 所述微调套筒120包括微调块122和微调件124,所述微调块122上开设有用于套设在所述横板110上的通槽,所述通槽的高度大于所述横板110截面高度,所述微调块122的上侧面与下侧面上分别开设有至少两个贯穿所述通槽的螺纹孔,所述微调件124插入所述螺纹孔中以调节所述横板110在所述通槽中的高度。 [0033] The trim sleeve 120 and the trimming block 122 includes a trim member 124, defines the through groove for trimming block 122 sleeved on the lateral plate 110, the height of the through slot is greater than the cross- cross-sectional height of the plate 110, the trimming block 122 and the side surface on the underside of each defines a threaded hole that passes through the at least two slots, said trimming member is inserted into the threaded bore 124 to adjust the lateral plate 110 the height of the through groove. 优选的,所述微调件124为微调螺栓。 Preferably, the trim member for the fine adjustment screw 124. 实际微调时,将微调件124旋入螺纹孔中,对应调整微调块122上侧面与下侧面上微调件124的旋入深度,使横板110在通槽中的高度改变进而微调横板110的高度。 When the actual trimming, the trimming member 124 is screwed into a threaded hole in a corresponding adjustment of the trim piece 122 and the side surface on the underside of the trim member 124 screwed into the depth of the horizontal plate 110 and further fine-tune the cross-plate 110 through changes in the height of the tank height. 所述微调套筒120结构简单,调节方便,配合粗调支架130对横板110的高度调节精确。 The trim sleeve 120 simple structure, easy to adjust, with coarse bracket 130 of lateral plate 110 of the height adjusting accuracy.

[0034] 所述固定机构10为高度可调式结构。 The [0034] fixing means 10 is height-adjustable structure. 所述固定机构10的高度调节方式并不限于上述所述方式,还可以为多种其他的高度可调结构。 The fixed height adjusting mechanism 10 is not limited to the above embodiment, it may also be a variety of other height-adjustable structure. 例如,采用一固定板,固定板中部开设有沿高度方向的通槽,固定板的上侧面与下侧面上开设有螺纹通孔,将固定板套设到横板110中,通过将带有挂钩的螺栓件旋入上下螺纹通孔中也可调节横板110的高度位置。 For example, use of a fixing plate, the fixing plate defines a middle in the height direction through the channel, the upper side of the fixed plate and the lower side defines a threaded through bore, the fixing plate to the horizontal plate 110 is sleeved by a hook with a bolt member screwed into a threaded vertical through-holes may also be adjustable in height position of the lateral plate 110. 或者,采用类似于鱼竿伸缩结构的伸缩架,滑槽与滑轨配合的调节架结构等。 Alternatively, using similar telescopic fishing rod holder telescopic structure, sliding rail cooperating with adjusting bracket structure.

[0035] 优选的,如图3、图4所示,所述联络通道开挖定向装置还包括锁紧机构(图中未示出),所述横板110与开挖面200相对的侧面上开设有滑动槽122,所述第二激光发射器30固定设置在所述横板110上,所述第一激光发射器20与第三激光发射器40可沿所述滑动槽122滑动并通过所述锁紧机构锁紧在所述滑动槽122上。 [0035] Preferably, as shown in FIG 3, FIG. 4, the communication passage means further includes an upper dig directional locking mechanism (not shown), the horizontal plate 200 with opposite sides of the excavation face 110 defines a sliding groove 122, the second laser emitter 30 is fixed on the lateral plate 110, the first laser emitter 20 and the third laser emitter 40 may be slidable along the slide groove 122 and through the said locking mechanism locking the slide in the groove 122. 通过在横板110上设置滑动槽122,且第一激光发射器20与第三激光发射器40可在滑动槽122上移动,当本实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100需要用于对其他不同宽度的通道进行开挖时,可将第一激光发射器20与第三激光发射器40在滑动槽122上移动并通过锁紧装置进行固定,从而适应不同宽度的联络通道,调节方便,无需另外更换不同长度的横板110,无需重新布置各激光发射器的位置。 40 may be moved in the slide groove 122 provided by the slide groove 122 in the horizontal plate 110, and the first laser emitter 20 and the third laser light emitter, when the present embodiment of the communication passage 100 is a need for excavation orientation means when the excavation to other channels of different widths, a first laser emitter 20 and the third laser emitter 40 is moved in the slide groove 122 and fixed by a locking means to accommodate different widths of contact channels, easy adjustment , no additional switch to a different length of the horizontal plate 110, without rearranging the positions of the laser emitter. 所述固定机构10的两端外侧还分别设有反射片50。 The outer ends 10 of the fixing means is also provided with a reflection sheet 50, respectively. 通过设置反射片50,在安装本实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100时,能够精确感应到全站仪指示的安装坐标位置,使所述联络通道开挖定向装置100安装精确,进而提高所述第二激光束指示的开挖中心线500的准确性。 Through the reflection sheet 50, the present embodiment is mounted in the connecting passage excavation embodiment orienting device 100, can accurately sense the installation coordinate position indicated by the total station, the communication passage Excavation orienting device 100 is mounted accurately, and further improve the accuracy of the second laser beam center line 500 indicative of the excavation. 所述固定机构10的中部设置有横向气泡仪60,所述固定机构10的两端分别设置有竖向气泡仪70。 The fixing means 10 is provided with a central transverse bubble device 60, both ends of the fixing mechanism 10 has a vertical bubble meter 70 are provided. 通过设置横向气泡仪60与竖向气泡仪70,能够对各激光发射器射出的激光束的水平及坡度进行监测,进一步提高对开挖中心的指示精度。 Instrument 60 by providing the lateral and vertical bubble bubble device 70, it is possible to monitor the level and slope of each of the laser beam emitted from the laser emitter, to further improve the accuracy of the indication of the center of the excavation.

[0036] 本实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100整体固定在与开挖面200相对的外侧面300上,第一激光发射器20发射的第一激光束与开挖面200上预设的指示标识400重合,第二激光发射器30发射的第二激光束与预先测量得到的开挖中心线500相重合。 Pre-200 100 as a whole [0036] embodiment of the present embodiment of the communication passage orientation means secured to the excavation and the excavation face 200 opposite outer surface 300, a first laser emitter emitting a first laser beam 20 and the excavation face indicating identification of set 400 overlaps the second laser emitter of the second laser beam 30 emitted from the excavation previously measured center line 500 coincide. 实际开挖时,不会因开挖面200变形、下沉而受到影响,在施工过程中通过巡查第一激光束是否与指示标识400处于重合,可直观判断第二激光束对开挖中心线500的方向是否指偏,并可通过调节第一激光发射器20的发射位置从而调整第二激光发射器30的发射方向。 Actual excavation, 200 will not deform the excavation face, sinking affected in the construction process by inspection whether the first laser beam 400 is coincident with the instruction marks can be visually judged whether the second laser beam center line excavation whether the direction of the biasing means 500, and to adjust the emission direction of the second laser emitter 30 by adjusting the position of the first laser emitter 20 is emitted. 通过设置第三激光发射器40,可用于控制开挖净空位置和监测拱顶高度,防止过挖或欠挖导致开挖净空出现较大误差、预防拱顶发生位移导致工程事故。 By providing a third laser emitter 40, it can be used to monitor and control the position of the excavation dome height clearance, to prevent over or under excavation dug excavation headroom cause large errors, leading to the prevention of the dome is displaced engineering accidents. 此外,本实施例所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100并不仅仅应用于联络通道的开挖上,还可以应用于车站基坑、安全通道、直线隧道等地下直线段的施工方向定位。 Further, the present embodiment of the connecting passage excavation embodiment orienting apparatus 100 not only applied to excavation contact channels, the direction of the underground construction can also be applied to the straight section Pit secure channel, straight tunnel positioning. 所述联络通道开挖定向装置100操作简单、方向指引精确,开挖过程中能够实时监测,无需人工多次停工放样,能有效节省人力和物力。 Excavation 100 operates the simple directional communication passage means, precise guidance direction, during excavation can be monitored in real time, without human stoppages loft, can effectively save manpower and material resources.

[0037] 如图5所示,一种利用上述所述的联络通道开挖定向装置100的定向方法,包括以下步骤: [0037] 5 A using the method of orienting the communication passage 100 of the excavation orientation means, comprising the steps of:

[0038] S110:通过全站仪向与开挖面200相对的外侧面300上发射所述联络通道开挖定向装置100的安装坐标位置及开挖中心线500 ; [0038] S110: Excavation of the passage is oriented to the emitter contact with the upper side surface 300 opposite to the outer surface of the excavation 200 by the coordinate position of the total station apparatus 100 and the mounting excavation centerline 500;

[0039] S120:将所述联络通道开挖定向装置100安装在所述外侧面300上的安装坐标位置,使所述第一激光发射器20发射的第一激光束投射在开挖面200上预设的指示标识400位置,所述第二激光发射器30发射的第二激光束与开挖中心线500重合; [0039] S120: Excavation of the contact directional channel device 100 is mounted on the outer side surface 300 of the installation coordinate position, the first upper projecting a first laser beam emitted from the laser emitter 20 at the excavation face 200 400 indicates a preset position identifier, and the second laser beam emitted from the centerline of the second excavation laser emitter coincides 30500;

[0040] S130:根据所述第二激光束的投射方向进行开挖。 [0040] S130: The excavation projecting direction of the second laser beam. 开挖过程中,巡查第一激光束是否与指示标识400处于重合,若重合,说明第二激光束的投射方向为开挖中心线方向;若不重合,说明第二激光束对开挖中心线的方向指偏,调节第一激光发射器20的发射位置使第一激光束投射的点与指示标识400重合,从而使第二激光发射器30的发射第二激光束的方向继续指向开挖中心线500方向。 During excavation, inspect whether the first laser beam 400 is coincident with the instruction identifier, if coincident, indicating a projecting direction of the second laser beam centerline direction of excavation; if not coincident, a second laser beam center line of the excavation means biasing direction, adjusting a position of the first laser emitter 20 emitting a laser beam of the first projected point 400 coincides with the instruction identifier, such that the second laser emitter emitting a second laser beam 30 in the direction of the center continue to point excavation line 500 direction.

[0041] 所述开挖定向方法通过所述联络通道开挖定向装置100实现开挖定向,具备所述联络通道开挖定向装置100的技术效果,能够方便地指导工作人员进行联络通道开挖,开挖方向指导精确、操作简单,能够有效节省人力和物力。 [0041] The excavation method by orienting the communication passage 100 is implemented Excavation dig directional orientation means, the technical effect of excavation of the directional 100 includes a communication passage means, can easily guide the excavation staff communication passage, excavation direction guidance precision, easy to operate, can effectively save human and material resources.

[0042] 以上所述实施例的各技术特征可以进行任意的组合,为使描述简洁,未对上述实施例中的各个技术特征所有可能的组合都进行描述,然而,只要这些技术特征的组合不存在矛盾,都应当认为是本说明书记载的范围。 [0042] each of the above embodiments of the technical features of any combination can be, for the brevity, not each of the technical features of the embodiments described above are all the possible combinations will be described, however, as long as the combination of these features is not contradiction, they are to be considered in the scope described in this specification.

[0043] 以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。 [0043] The above embodiments are only expressed several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood to limit the scope of the invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,包括用于固定在与开挖面相对的外侧面上的固定机构,所述固定机构的两端分别设有第一激光发射器,所述固定机构的中部设有第二激光发射器,所述第一激光发射器发射的第一激光束用于投射在开挖面上预设的指示标识位置,所述第二激光发射器发射的第二激光束用于与开挖中心线重合。 An excavation orientation means connecting passage, characterized in that the fixing means comprises a fixing for the outer surface of the excavation face opposite both ends of the fixing means are respectively provided with a first laser emitter, the said central fixing means provided with a second laser emitter, the first laser emitter emits a first laser beam for projecting the cutting faces instruction identifier preset position, the second laser light emitted by the transmitter the second laser beam to coincide with the center line of the excavation.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述固定机构的两端内侧还分别设有第三激光发射器,两个所述第三激光发射器分别位于所述第一激光发射器与所述第二激光发射器之间,所述第三激光发射器发射的第三激光束用于投射至开挖洞内的开挖净空位置。 2. The connecting passage excavation orienting device of claim 1 according to claim wherein the inner ends of the fixing means is further provided with a third laser emitter, respectively, of said two third laser emitters located respectively between said first and said second laser emitter laser emitter, the third laser emitter emitting a laser beam for projecting the third hole to the excavation position of the excavation clearance.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述固定机构为高度可调式结构。 3. The communication passage according to claim 2 Excavation orientation means, wherein said fixing means is a height-adjustable structure.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述固定机构包括横板、套设在所述横板上的至少两个微调套筒以及与所述微调套筒连接的至少两个粗调支架,所述第一激光发射器、第二激光发射器和第三激光发射器均设置在所述横板上,所述粗调支架用于与所述外侧面连接。 Contact according to claim 3, said channel excavation orientation means, wherein said fixing means comprises a transverse plate, provided at least two sets of the trim sleeve with the transverse plate, and fine adjustment sleeve connecting at least two coarse holder, the first laser emitter, a second laser emitter, and the third laser emitter are disposed on the lateral plate, the coarse bracket for connection with said outer side surface .
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述粗调支架包括一端与所述微调套筒连接的第一竖杆、一端设有挂钩的第二竖杆和卡紧件,所述第一竖杆的另一端与第二竖杆的另一端套设设置,所述第一竖杆与第二竖杆上分别纵向间隔开设有多个贯穿孔,所述卡紧件插入不同的所述贯穿孔中以调节所述粗调支架的高度。 Contact according to claim 4, wherein the channel excavation orientation means, wherein said holder comprises a first coarse vertical bar connected to one end of the fine adjustment sleeve, the second end provided with a vertical bar and the hook the clamping member, the other end of the other end of the first vertical bar and the second vertical bar sleeved provided, the first lever and the second vertical stanchions respectively defines a plurality of longitudinally spaced holes through the card inserting the fastener through holes different from the coarse adjustment to the height of the bracket.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述微调套筒包括微调块和微调件,所述微调块上开设有用于套设在所述横板上的通槽,所述通槽的高度大于所述横板截面高度,所述微调块的上侧面与下侧面上分别开设有至少两个贯穿所述通槽的螺纹孔,所述微调件插入所述螺纹孔中以调节所述横板在所述通槽中的高度。 Contact according to claim 5, wherein the channel excavation orientation means, characterized in that said trimming comprises trimming block and a trim sleeve member defines a sleeve provided in the lateral panel through the trimming block grooves, the height of the through slot is greater than the cross-sectional height of the plate, on the side of the trim on the underside of the block defines a threaded hole that passes through the at least two slots, respectively, said trimming member is inserted into the threaded well to adjust the height of the lateral groove through said plate.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,还包括锁紧机构,所述横板与开挖面相对的侧面上开设有滑动槽,所述第二激光发射器固定设置在所述横板上,所述第一激光发射器与第三激光发射器可沿所述滑动槽滑动并通过所述锁紧机构锁紧在所述滑动槽上。 7. The connecting passage according to claim 6 excavation orienting device, characterized by further comprising a locking mechanism, the lateral groove defines a sliding plate on the side opposite to the excavation face, the second laser emitter the transverse plate is fixed, the first laser emitter and the third laser emitter may be slid along the slide groove and the slide lock in the groove by said locking mechanism.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1-7任一项所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述固定机构的两端外侧还分别设有反射片。 8. The apparatus of claim dig directional communication passage of any one of claims 1-7, characterized in that the outer ends of said fixing means is further provided with reflecting sheet, respectively.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1-7任一项所述的联络通道开挖定向装置,其特征在于,所述固定机构的中部设置有横向气泡仪,所述固定机构的两端分别设置有竖向气泡仪。 A connecting passage 9. The orienting apparatus according to any excavation of claims 1-7, wherein the fixing means arranged in the middle transverse bubble device, both ends of the fixing means are provided with a vertical bubble instrument.
  10. 10.一种利用权利要求1-9任一项所述的联络通道开挖定向装置的定向方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: 通过全站仪向与开挖面相对的外侧面上发射所述联络通道开挖定向装置的安装坐标位置及开挖中心线; 将所述联络通道开挖定向装置安装在所述外侧面上的安装坐标位置,使所述第一激光发射器发射的第一激光束投射在开挖面上预设的指示标识位置,所述第二激光发射器发射的第二激光束与开挖中心线重合; 根据所述第二激光束的投射方向进行开挖。 Any one of the connecting passage 1-9 directional orientation means 10. Excavation method utilizing the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: total station to transmit the excavation face opposite to the outer surface a first connecting passage in the excavation device is mounted in the mounting orientation coordinates of the position of the outer surface, the first laser beam emitted by the transmitter; trenchless installation coordinate position and orientation of the center line of said communication passage means excavation laser beam is projected on the excavation surface of the identification indication preset position, and a second laser beam center line of the excavation second laser emitter emitting coincide; excavation according to a projecting direction of the second laser beam.
CN 201510829850 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Excavation connecting passage directional orientation method and apparatus CN105300365B (en)

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CN105004329A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-10-28 胡仲春 Correction alarming device used for railway jacking culvert construction
CN205120117U (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 广州市盾建地下工程有限公司 Contact passageway excavation orienting device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000356517A (en) * 1999-06-15 2000-12-26 Topcon Corp Laser light detecting device
US20080028624A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2008-02-07 Ming Chen Self-leveling laser apparatus and a method for controlling the same
CN102322853A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-01-18 中南大学 Tunnel back break control laser lofting device
CN103759718A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-30 河南理工大学 Rapid setting-out method of total station
CN203929072U (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-11-05 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Laser target device capable of moving in two directions and positioning quickly
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CN205120117U (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 广州市盾建地下工程有限公司 Contact passageway excavation orienting device

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