CN105300059A - Interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber - Google Patents

Interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105300059A
CN105300059A CN201510772352.3A CN201510772352A CN105300059A CN 105300059 A CN105300059 A CN 105300059A CN 201510772352 A CN201510772352 A CN 201510772352A CN 105300059 A CN105300059 A CN 105300059A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying chamber
heater
drying
chamber
combustion chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510772352.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程炽坤
Original Assignee
程炽坤
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 程炽坤 filed Critical 程炽坤
Priority to CN201510772352.3A priority Critical patent/CN105300059A/en
Publication of CN105300059A publication Critical patent/CN105300059A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber. The interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber comprises a drying chamber body, a partition board, a drying oven and multiple layers of screens, wherein the partition board is arranged inside the drying chamber body; the upper end of the partition board is connected to the top of the drying chamber body; a gap is reserved between the lower end of the partition board and the bottom of the drying chamber body; the screens are horizontally arranged in the drying chamber body and located on the left side of the partition board; the apertures of holes of the multiple layers of screens are gradually increased from top to bottom. The drying oven is located on the right side of the partition board and comprises an oven door, an oven body, a combustion chamber, a heat pipeline and an exhaust pipeline. The interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber is simple, practical and ingenious in design, the metal pipelines conduct heat and heat air to dry objects, the air convection speed can be controlled by opening or closing a feeding inlet of the oven door to control the combustion speed, and therefore the purpose of controlling the temperature of the drying oven is achieved. An air blower is omitted, the cost is reduced, and the multiple layers of screens with different apertures can better utilize the heat of the drying oven and dry the objects as much as possible.

Description

A kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber
Technical field
The present invention relates to stove equipment, be specifically related to a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber.
Background technology
Often need in rural area to dry crops, timber, bamboo wood etc., general drying oven complex structure, price is higher, and peasant is difficult to afford.General drying oven, in order to improve bake out temperature, is accelerated fuel combustion speed and improves efficiency of combustion, usually needs to arrange an air blast at fire door and sends in stove by air, both added cost undoubtedly like this, the electric energy consumed again.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome shortcoming of the prior art with not enough, carry a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber, cross-ventilation principle can be utilized to improve efficiency of combustion.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber, comprises drying chamber body, dividing plate, drying oven and web plate.Described dividing plate is arranged in drying chamber body, and its upper end is connected with drying chamber bodies top, and lower end and drying chamber body bottom portion leave gap; Described web plate is provided with multilayer, and in the drying chamber body that described multi-layered net plate level is crisscross arranged on the left of dividing plate, the web plate mesh aperture of described multilayer increases from top to bottom gradually.Described drying oven is positioned on the right side of dividing plate, and it comprises fire door, body of heater, combustion chamber, heat pipeline and discharge duct.The sealing of described body of heater one end, the other end is connected with fire door.Be provided with the grate of inclination in described fire door, fire door is divided into upper part charging aperture and lower part air inlet by grate.Be horizontally disposed with in described body of heater and body of heater is divided into upper and lower two-part fuel slab, described grate lower end is connected with fuel slab.Described combustion chamber is vertically mounted on on the body of heater of fire door opposite side, and upper end, described combustion chamber seals, and lower end is communicated with body of heater.Described heat Pipe installing is on top, combustion chamber, and and combustion chamber.Described discharge duct is arranged on drying chamber, and this is external, and described discharge duct is vertically arranged on heat pipeline, and with heat pipeline communication.Drying chamber bodies top above described drying oven is provided with air blast.
Further, described body of heater, combustion chamber, heat pipeline and discharge duct are cylindrical metal tube.
Further, described heat pipe end be provided with identical with its shape of cross section can folding ash gate.
Further, described fuel slab is lattice-shaped fuel slab.
Further, air blast is provided with above described drying oven.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: simple and practical, design ingenious, add hot-air by metal tube heat conduction to dry object, also by opening or close the charging aperture of fire door to control cross-ventilation speed in order to control combustion speed, thus reach the object controlling drying oven temperature, eliminate air blast, reduce cost, the web plate of multilayer different pore size can utilize the heat of drying oven, drying article as much as possible better.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the profile of drying chamber front view.
Fig. 2 is drying chamber right view.
Fig. 3 is fuel slab schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Schematic diagram of the present invention as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, it comprises drying chamber body 1, dividing plate 2, drying oven 3 and web plate 4.Described dividing plate 2 upper end is connected with drying chamber body 1 top, forms gap bottom lower end and drying chamber body 1.Web plate 4 is provided with multilayer, and in the drying chamber body that described web plate 4 level is crisscross arranged on the left of dividing plate, the web plate 4 mesh aperture of multilayer increases from top to bottom gradually.Described drying oven 3 is positioned on the right side of dividing plate 2, and it comprises fire door 31, body of heater 32, combustion chamber 33, heat pipeline 34, discharge duct 35.
Described body of heater 32, combustion chamber 33, heat pipeline 34 and discharge duct 35 are cylindrical metal tube.Described fire door 31 and discharge duct 35 are arranged on outside drying chamber body 1, and described body of heater 32, combustion chamber 33, heat pipeline 34 are arranged in drying chamber body 1.Drying chamber body 1 top above described drying oven 3 is provided with air blast 6.
Described body of heater 32 is supported in drying chamber body 1 by the support member 5 arranged thereunder.
Described fire door 31 is connected with body of heater 32 one end, is provided with the grate 311 of inclination in described fire door 31, and fire door 31 is divided into upper part charging aperture 312 and lower part air inlet 313 by grate 311.Be horizontally disposed with in described body of heater 32 and body of heater 32 is divided into upper and lower two-part fuel slab 321, described fuel slab 321 is connected with grate 311 lower end, and as shown in Figure 3, described fuel slab 321 is lattice-shaped.
Described combustion chamber 33 is vertically mounted on on the body of heater 32 of fire door 31 opposite side, and the upper end sealing of combustion chamber 33, lower end is communicated with body of heater 32.Described heat pipeline 34 is perpendicular to combustion chamber 33 and be arranged on top, combustion chamber 33, and is communicated with combustion chamber 33.Heat pipeline 34 end be provided with identical with its shape of cross section can folding ash gate 341, when using drying oven, this ash gate 341 is closed, and when needing the ashes clearing up heat pipeline 34 inside, can open ash gate 341 and clear up.Described discharge duct 35 is vertically arranged on heat pipeline 34, and is communicated with heat pipeline 34.
The present invention is running like this: the article first will dried are put on the web plate 4 in the drying chamber body 1 on the left of dividing plate, then fuel are put into body of heater 32 through charging aperture 312 and lights at body of heater 32.Body of heater 32, combustion chamber 33 and heat pipeline 34 can be burnt heat by the heat of now fuel combustion.
Because body of heater 32, combustion chamber 33 and heat pipeline 34 are all metal tubes, heat-transfer rate is fast, and the heat of its inside outwards distributes very soon, and its ambient air temperature is raised.Hot-air around drying oven blows on the left of drying chamber body 1 from the gap below dividing plate 2 by air blast 6, along with hot-air rises naturally, dries from bottom to up the article in drying chamber body 1.The form of interlocking is arranged to by web plate 4, hot-air can be made to increase along the passage wriggled, the mesh increasing hot-air flowing time web plate 4 due to upper under increase gradually, hot-air flowing from top to down also can be made smooth and easy, and go for the article of drying different size.Mesh large web plate 4 in bottom dries larger article as firewood, corn ear etc., and the web plate 4 in middle level can dry mushroom, the agricultural product such as auricularia auriculajudae, and the less web plate 4 of the top mesh can the less agricultural product such as roasted peanut, soya bean.
Body of heater 32 is supported by support member 9, and making has space below it, then can better utilize body of heater 32 heat, ensures that body of heater heat can not be delivered to underground, and can make cross-ventilation more smoothly.Body of heater 32 is divided into upper and lower two parts by drying oven of the present invention, and separately, do main purpose is like this free convection that can utilize hot gas in stove to the fuel slab 321 of centre lattice-shaped, makes fuel combustion more vigorous.When the charging aperture 312 of fire door 31 is opened, body of heater fuel normal combustion, air can enter from charging aperture 312 and air inlet 313, and drying oven inner air convection speed is slower.When needs improve bake out temperature, when making fuel combustion more vigorous, charging aperture 312 can be closed, now as illustrated by the arrows in fig. 1, the hot gas on body of heater 32 top rises, pressure reduces, form draught head with bottom, the air at such air inlet 313 place will accelerate to enter body of heater 32 bottom, and enters upper of furnace body by the grid of fuel slab 321, sufficient air makes fuel combustion more vigorous, thus reaches the object utilizing natural convection air to improve efficiency of combustion.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, if do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention to various change of the present invention or distortion, if these are changed and distortion belongs within claim of the present invention and equivalent technologies scope, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these changes and distortion.

Claims (5)

1. an alternating expression multilayer drying chamber, is characterized in that: comprise drying chamber body, dividing plate, drying oven and web plate, and described dividing plate is arranged in drying chamber body, and its upper end is connected with drying chamber bodies top, and lower end and drying chamber body bottom portion leave gap, described web plate is provided with multilayer, and in the drying chamber body that described multi-layered net plate level is crisscross arranged on the left of dividing plate, the web plate mesh aperture of described multilayer increases from top to bottom gradually, described drying oven is positioned on the right side of dividing plate, it comprises fire door, body of heater, combustion chamber, heat pipeline and discharge duct, the sealing of described body of heater one end, the other end is connected with fire door, the grate of inclination is provided with in described fire door, fire door is divided into upper part charging aperture and lower part air inlet by grate, be horizontally disposed with in described body of heater and body of heater has been divided into upper and lower two-part fuel slab, described grate lower end is connected with fuel slab, described combustion chamber is vertically mounted on on the body of heater of fire door opposite side, upper end, described combustion chamber seals, lower end is communicated with body of heater, described heat pipeline is perpendicular to combustion chamber and be arranged on top, combustion chamber, and and combustion chamber, described discharge duct is arranged on drying chamber, and this is external, described discharge duct is vertically arranged on heat pipeline, and with heat pipeline communication, drying chamber bodies top above described drying oven is provided with air blast.
2. a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater, combustion chamber, heat pipeline and discharge duct are cylindrical metal tube.
3. a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described heat pipe end be provided with identical with its shape of cross section can folding ash gate.
4. a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described fuel slab is lattice-shaped fuel slab.
5. a kind of alternating expression multilayer drying chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater passes through setting supports support thereunder in drying chamber body.
CN201510772352.3A 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber CN105300059A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510772352.3A CN105300059A (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510772352.3A CN105300059A (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Interlaced type multi-layer drying chamber

Publications (1)

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CN105300059A true CN105300059A (en) 2016-02-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017080374A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-18 程炽坤 Drying stove

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2059044A (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-04-15 Forcesi G O A combustion device for burning an air-solvent mixture
CN2114124U (en) * 1991-11-08 1992-08-26 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Multi-layer vertical fluid-bed dryer
JP2001170909A (en) * 1999-12-17 2001-06-26 Ikegawa Mokuzai Kogyo Kk Method for fumigating wood
CN201032345Y (en) * 2006-12-31 2008-03-05 郑州科地烟草科技发展有限公司 Tobacco hot-air stove
CN101144681A (en) * 2007-10-12 2008-03-19 李祥文 Lumber drying kiln
CN101403566A (en) * 2008-09-27 2009-04-08 李菊泉 Energy-saving baking stove
CN202813344U (en) * 2012-09-15 2013-03-20 安徽中科电气自动化有限公司 Dome-type baking oven
CN103471360A (en) * 2013-09-11 2013-12-25 深圳市派沃新能源科技有限公司 Multistage screen plate type drying machine
CN104457201A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 成都樵枫科技发展有限公司 Drying and dispersing device for wet powder materials
CN204678818U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-09-30 江苏康鹏农化有限公司 A kind of pesticide producing dryer
CN205138104U (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-04-06 程炽坤 Alternating expression multilayer drying chamber

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2059044A (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-04-15 Forcesi G O A combustion device for burning an air-solvent mixture
CN2114124U (en) * 1991-11-08 1992-08-26 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Multi-layer vertical fluid-bed dryer
JP2001170909A (en) * 1999-12-17 2001-06-26 Ikegawa Mokuzai Kogyo Kk Method for fumigating wood
CN201032345Y (en) * 2006-12-31 2008-03-05 郑州科地烟草科技发展有限公司 Tobacco hot-air stove
CN101144681A (en) * 2007-10-12 2008-03-19 李祥文 Lumber drying kiln
CN101403566A (en) * 2008-09-27 2009-04-08 李菊泉 Energy-saving baking stove
CN202813344U (en) * 2012-09-15 2013-03-20 安徽中科电气自动化有限公司 Dome-type baking oven
CN103471360A (en) * 2013-09-11 2013-12-25 深圳市派沃新能源科技有限公司 Multistage screen plate type drying machine
CN104457201A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 成都樵枫科技发展有限公司 Drying and dispersing device for wet powder materials
CN204678818U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-09-30 江苏康鹏农化有限公司 A kind of pesticide producing dryer
CN205138104U (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-04-06 程炽坤 Alternating expression multilayer drying chamber

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017080374A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-18 程炽坤 Drying stove

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Application publication date: 20160203

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