CN105290081B - Waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically - Google Patents

Waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105290081B
CN105290081B CN201510709826.XA CN201510709826A CN105290081B CN 105290081 B CN105290081 B CN 105290081B CN 201510709826 A CN201510709826 A CN 201510709826A CN 105290081 B CN105290081 B CN 105290081B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mobile phone
fixture
station
streamline
handset
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510709826.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105290081A (en
Inventor
张建华
肖延毅
张俊
吴行阳
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上海大学
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Priority to CN201510365139 priority Critical
Priority to CN2015103651390 priority
Application filed by 上海大学 filed Critical 上海大学
Priority to CN201510709826.XA priority patent/CN105290081B/en
Publication of CN105290081A publication Critical patent/CN105290081A/en
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Publication of CN105290081B publication Critical patent/CN105290081B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

Recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment are disassembled automatically the invention discloses a kind of waste mobile phone, in the form of streamline, are adsorbed using vacuum cup, the technique pulled open.Progressively separation mobile phone bonnet, battery of mobile phone, mobile phone screen assembly and circuit board of mobile phone.Wherein take for removing mobile phone screen assembly and circuit board step and soak the mode heated with fixture to mobile phone with ethanol;Black-white CCD camera of the position of mobile phone and battery opposed jaw above station, which is sampled and transmitted to computer, carries out calculating processing.Field is recycled present invention is mainly applied to the recycling of electrical type discarded object, using mechanical system, realizes that the rapid batch of waste mobile phone is disassembled, disassembles efficiency high, yield is secure, and easily operated, to environment fanout free region.

Description

Waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of recovery and treatment method and equipment of electrical type discarded object, more particularly to a kind of waste mobile phone Recovery and treatment method and device, the recycling recycling technology neck applied to electronic waste harmless treatment and volume discarded object Domain.
Background technology
With the update cycle time of cell phone apparatus, the whole world increases waste mobile telephone about 400,000,000 newly every year, and wherein China accounts for To nearly 100,000,000.Modern society, because the defective work that electronic product updates and produces is more and more, but few people are closed Note its negative effect brought to environment.The main negative effect of waste electronic article is the pollution to environment, and this dirt Dye is again with latency.1500 kilograms of gold, 1,000,000 kilograms of copper and 30,000 kg silvers are can extract in 100000000 waste mobile telephones.One Steel accounts for 54% in mobile phone, and copper aluminium accounts for 20%, and plastics are accounted in 17%, wiring board also containing metals such as valuable Au Ag Pt Pd, rhodiums. Nearly all mobile phone component, or even packaging material are available for " recycling ", manufacture new product.
On the other hand, including can not be by environment institute due to containing poisonous chemical substance in battery of mobile phone and other assemblies Toxic metals arsenic, chromium, lead, nickel and zinc of absorption etc., if these noxious materials bury or burned simply by simple Processing, will cause in mobile phone poisonous metal leaking material so as to contaminated soil and groundwater resources, and be possible to penetrate into food chain, Jeopardize human health, strong influence is caused to environment.Waste mobile phone is recycled, and can both reduce electronic waste pollution, again Useful material can be reclaimed, recycling for resource is realized, can also greatly be saved instead of raw material using regrown material The energy, the Developing Circulation Economy for meeting China, the real-world objects built a conservation-minded society.Waste mobile phone is successfully returned Receipts, utilization will produce good environment and economic benefits.
The composition of regular handset includes following part:1st, plastics:Typically it is made up of PC, ABS and PC+ABS three major types.2nd, it is electric Road plate:Different according to model, its structure and size are different, mainly by bakelite plate, glass fibre, plastic cement, resin, copper, tin, Terne metal, gold, silver etc. are constituted.3rd, screen:Mainly by fluorescent tube, light guide plate, Polarizer, filter, glass substrate, orientation Film, liquid crystal material, thin mode transistor etc. are constituted.4th, battery:Typically it is made up of lithium battery.
From the point of view of domestic existing waste mobile phone isolation technics, the primary stage is substantially at present, and it is main that it reclaims approach By being constituted in terms of following four:1st, nonstandard second-hand recovery market.The street hawker that is seen everywhere in the street reclaims waste and old hand Machine, is sold out again after being renovated to old mobile phone, or some useful parts are carried out after simple take apart just by it Remaining part part is thrown away as rubbish, burned.So environment is polluted;2nd, reclaimed as conventional rubbish.Mobile phone due to the life-span compared with It is short, and product renewing is fast, in China, waste mobile phone quantity is very huge, and these mobile phone overwhelming majority are taken as discarded object to abandon, Simply at this stage also without the phenomenon for abandoning waste mobile phone on a large scale;3rd, simple dismounting workshop is reclaimed.Existing mobile phone dismantles work Skill is substantially at the handwork stage, does not form scale and mechanized operation, and most of dismounting operations are all families Workshop, easily causes secondary pollution;4th, manufacturer and mobile operator spontaneous recovery.The joint hair such as China Mobile and Nokia Rise " green chest Environmental Protection Plan ", but its influence and effect are all extremely limited, the way of recycling excessively unification of mobile phone, and the meter The recovery for paying close attention to mobile phone is drawn, the recycling of waste mobile phone is not related to also.
In existing patented technology, Publication No. CN203125073U patent uses lower air cylinder, oscillating cylinder and sucker Construction.Pull open screen and mobile phone;Publication No. CN203738714U patent is withstood screen, pressed from outer using mobile phone is pushed Frame;Publication No. CN 203371469U patent is divided by the way of being relatively distant from after heating using two different vacuum fixtures Spread its tail curtain and mobile phone;Publication No. CN103552107A patent goes to cut mobile phone using the steel wire at the uniform velocity laterally and longitudinally moved Optical cement between screen is so as to separation mobile phone and screen;Publication number is respectively CN203739379U and CN103909722A After patent is using heating screen, using the metal wire cutting optical cement relatively moved with mobile phone so as to separation mobile phone and screen;It is public The number of opening for CN203679654U patent using heating screen after, directly make fixture relative level move mode separation mobile phone with Screen;Publication number is respectively CN103465604A, CN103170491A, CN102629173A patent using touch-screen is put into In liquid nitrogen, taken out after a period of time, the characteristics of viscosity weakens in dramatic temperature change by Solid-state Optics glue takes touch-screen apart. Above-mentioned recovery processing technique majority concentrates on the independent recovery to some feature part of mobile phone.And to screen portions, parts of plastics, The synthetical recovery problem of battery compartment and other valuable parts is related to seldom.Therefore, develop in a kind of synthetical recovery mobile phone Screen, plastics, battery, the process of circuit board and its relevant device, as technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
The content of the invention
In order to solve prior art problem, it is an object of the present invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, and to provide one kind Waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically, and recycling side is disassembled using streamline Formula, progressively disassembles classification, and reach battery of mobile phone, plastic casing, circuit board, screen assembly by each useful part of mobile phone Separation and recovery.Present invention process is simple, and cost recovery is low, and the rate of recovery is high, and technological process method is reasonable and economical and practical.
To reach that foregoing invention creates purpose, the present invention uses following technical proposals:
A kind of waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1:The waste mobile phone for reclaiming is pre-processed, mobile phone surface and oil contaminant is cleared up;
S2:Mobile phone after greasy dirt pre-cleaning in step sl, make mobile phone enter the first streamline, through positive and negative identification and Pre-positioning system ajusts the positive and negative of mobile phone according to master control system program setting, is then sent to mobile phone by conveyer On the starting job position of the fixture of the mobile phone clamping station of first streamline, now master control system controls the driving machine of fixture Structure, makes fixture fix to clamp mobile phone, and after mobile phone is by clamp, the image collecting device set on mobile phone clamping station is opened Begin collection fixture and cellphone body relative position image, and transmit to master control system and stored, and is now in mobile phone clamping The disassembly & recycling preparation of the first streamline is completed on station;
S3:After the disassembly & recycling preparation for completing the first streamline on mobile phone clamping station in step s 2, fixture is solid The cell phone rear cover that the tight mobile phone of clamp enters the first follow-up streamline removes station, and master control system according to adopting in step s 2 The data analysis of the image of collection calculates data result and forms command signal, so as to control sucker to complete absorption cell phone rear cover Process, cell phone rear cover and handset are separated, cell phone rear cover is reclaimed, remaining handset enters next work with fixture Position;
S4:Cell phone rear cover is removed and completed on station after cell phone rear cover dismounting work in step s3, and the battery of mobile phone is exposed Out, after fixture, which fixes to clamp mobile phone, enters the battery of mobile phone dismounting station of the first follow-up streamline, now in mobile phone electricity Pond removes the image collecting device that sets on station and starts collection cellphone body and battery of mobile phone relative position image, and transmit to Master control system, master control system calculates data result according to the analysis to image and forms command signal, so as to control The process that sucker completes absorption battery of mobile phone, battery of mobile phone and handset are separated, battery of mobile phone, remaining mobile phone machine is reclaimed Body enters next station with fixture;
S5:Cell phone rear cover is removed and completed on station after battery of mobile phone dismounting work in step s 4, and fixture fixes to clamp hand Machine makes remaining handset reach the return end position of the first streamline with fixture run location to ethanol fermentation vat top Place, the drive mechanism of now master control system control fixture makes fixture unclamp handset, by remaining handset with gravity Under fall into the immersion operation that ethanol fermentation vat carries out the scheduled time, make mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion of handset viscous Condensation material expand and softization, and completion the first pipelining unloaded fixture then by master control system control, from first The return terminal of streamline runs to the fixture starting operation position of the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline along default backhaul route Put and resetted;
S6:In step s 5, remaining handset is reached in ethanol fermentation vat after predetermined soak time, is again passed by Mobile phone positive and negative is recognized and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, is then transmitted mobile phone by conveyer To the specified location of the fixture of the mobile phone clamping station of the second streamline, now master control system controls the driving machine of fixture Structure, makes fixture fix to clamp mobile phone, and the disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline is completed on mobile phone clamping station;
S7:After the disassembly & recycling preparation for completing the second streamline on mobile phone clamping station in step s 6, fixture is solid The screen assembly that the tight mobile phone of clamp enters the second follow-up streamline removes station, and now master control system control starts on fixture The heater of setting, starts to heat mobile phone screen assembly frame, step S5 place is passed through in remaining handset Mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset is expanded and on the basis of softization after reason, then make connection Portion's jointing material further softens after heating, is reduced to the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material and adapts to the absorption that sucker is provided Power can realize that it is total that now master control system control sucker completes absorption mobile phone screen to mobile phone screen assembly knocked down condition requirement Into process, mobile phone screen assembly and handset are separated, mobile phone screen assembly is reclaimed, remaining handset is mobile phone Circuit board section, handset is continued on fixture, fixture is run to up at the return end position of the second streamline, now The drive mechanism of master control system control fixture makes fixture unclamp handset, finally reclaims circuit board of mobile phone, that is, completes waste and old Mobile phone disassembles removal process automatically, and unloaded fixture is then by master control system control, from the return terminal of the second streamline along The fixture starting job position that default backhaul route runs to the mobile phone clamping station of the second streamline is resetted.
As currently preferred technical scheme, master control system is computer, in step S2 and S5, mobile phone positive and negative Identification and pre-positioning system are provided with black-white CCD camera, and conveyer uses trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, are controlled by master control system black After white CCD camera identification mobile phone positive and negative, camera lens face is not turned over towards the mobile phone of direction initialization by master control system control Turn conveyer belt and carry out selective tilting operation, after Mobile phone mirror head is retained towards direction initialization by overturning mobile phone, mobile phone Trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane is gone successively to, trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane is provided with sensor for countering, make mobile phone is single successively to reach correspondence Mobile phone clip Tool require at default initial clip position, in step S2 and S4, on the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline and It is all black-white CCD camera, the data terminal of black-white CCD camera and calculating that cell phone rear cover, which removes the image collecting device set on station, Machine signal is connected, and being gathered in step s 2 using black-white CCD camera will after the relative position relation gray level image of mobile phone and fixture View data is transported to computer, and handles gray level image using Threshold Segmentation Algorithm, and utilizes black-white CCD phase in step s 4 Machine gathers battery of mobile phone and view data is transported to computer by the relative position relation gray level image of handset, and uses threshold Be worth partitioning algorithm and rim detection Canny algorithm process gray level images, be all when gray level image is handled in step S2 and S4 After useless information in gray level image information is filtered off, come obtain fixture, outer frame of mobile phone profile, the smooth corner contours of cell phone rear cover and Position coordinate value and its mutual alignment relation value of the battery of mobile phone profile in preset coordinate system, and data storage will be calculated to meter In calculation machine, in step S3, S4 and S7, computer is according to the data of storage, after the handset size size data, mobile phone to storage Cover the outer frame data of smooth angular data, outer frame of mobile phone outline data, battery and the relation progress calculating processing of preset coordinate system, and according to Coordinate transformation relation calculates the elements of a fix value of each sucker in correspondence flow line stations, and is converted into driving sucker progress The instruction execution signal of adsorption operation, then instruction execution signal is transferred to by computer by communication interface again controls sucker to transport Dynamic corresponding servomotor, makes servomotor drive sucker to perform the absorption to cell phone rear cover, battery of mobile phone and screen assembly Operation, in step S5 and S7, fixture, which is provided, uses pneumatic mode to the clamping force of mobile phone, and computer also passes through control pair The fixture of mobile phone clamping station is answered in the corresponding default travel switch of streamline return terminal, and then controls to be correspondingly arranged on fixture Pneumatic operated valve, when clamp body reaches that corresponding streamline is returned at end position, make pneumatic operated valve release by touching travel switch, The cellphone body of fixture clamping is slid to the job position of default station automatically due to Action of Gravity Field.
It is used as technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, in step S3 and S4, the hand of the first streamline Machine clamping station removes the startup and IMAQ operation of the black-white CCD camera that station is set by computer automation with battery Control, its control is as follows with judgment mode:
In step s3, when mobile phone is sent to the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline by trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, and Now the fixture of the pressure sensor detection of mobile phone clamping station reaches that preset pressure clamps mobile phone with handset contact During body, the black-white CCD camera set on mobile phone clamping station starts and starts collection fixture and cellphone body relative position Image;
In step s 4, when the battery that mobile phone reaches the first streamline removes station, and now mobile phone clamping station When the fixture of pressure sensor detection still keeps preset pressure clamping cellphone body with handset contact, battery is removed Black-white CCD camera starts above station.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, in step S5 and S7, fixture be provided with all The photoelectric sensor and pressure sensor of master control system signal connection, when there is mobile phone to be clamped into fixture, photoelectric sensing Device, which sends signal, makes pneumatic operated valve pressurization so as to Automatic-clamping mobile phone, when pressure sensor detect pneumatic pinch pressure reach it is default During value, stop increase air pressure.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, Threshold Segmentation Algorithm is used simultaneously in step s 4 , at least will be any in trade mark, word, memory card slot and camera during with rim detection Canny algorithm process gray level images Disturbing factor in several images is gradually excluded, to obtain battery of mobile phone profile and outer frame of mobile phone profile in preset coordinate system Position coordinate value and its mutual alignment relation value.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, in step s 5, remaining handset is in second The predetermined soak time handled in alcohol fermentation vat is at least 3 hours.
The present invention also provides a kind of waste mobile phone and disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment automatically, successively by main control The first streamline and the second streamline connection composition of system control, master control system use computer, the first streamline successively by First positive and negative is recognized and pre-positioning system, the first mobile phone clamping station, cell phone rear cover remove station and battery of mobile phone removes work Position, which is linked in sequence, to be formed, and the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system are made up of mobile phone positive and negative identifying system and conveyer, Cell phone rear cover removes the entrance for removing part delivery outlet correspondence bonnet collecting box of station, and the dismounting part that battery of mobile phone removes station is defeated The entrance of outlet correspondence battery collecting box, removes in the first mobile phone clamping station and the battery of mobile phone of the first streamline and divides on station The first black-white CCD camera and the second black-white CCD camera are not fixedly installed, the second streamline is recognized and pre- by the second positive and negative successively Alignment system, the second mobile phone clamping station and screen assembly dismounting station are linked in sequence and formed, and the second positive and negative is recognized and predetermined Position system is also made up of mobile phone positive and negative identifying system and conveyer, and screen assembly removes two dismounting part delivery outlets of station The entrance of screen assembly collecting box and the entrance of circuit board collecting box are corresponded to respectively, on the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station also Provided with heater, removed in battery of mobile phone and ethanol fermentation vat processing work is additionally provided between station and the second mobile phone clamping station Position, waste mobile phone to be split initially enters the first streamline, through the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system according to computer journey Sequence sets the positive and negative for ajusting mobile phone, and then mobile phone is sent to the first mobile phone clamping work of the first streamline by conveyer On the starting job position of the fixture of position, now computer controls the drive mechanism of fixture, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, computer root Reach the position signalling of predeterminated position to control the first black-white CCD phase respectively according to the fixture clamping mobile phone of the first mobile phone clamping station The relative position of the startup and IMAQ operation of machine and the second black-white CCD camera, the first black-white CCD camera collection mobile phone and fixture The relative position relation gray level image of relation gray level image, the second black-white CCD camera collection battery of mobile phone and handset is put, the One black-white CCD camera and the gray level image of the second black-white CCD camera collection are respectively delivered to computer and stored, and computer is according to depositing The view data of storage, carries out analysis and calculates data result and form command signal, so that control cell phone rear cover is removed respectively Station and battery of mobile phone remove the sucker completion absorption cell phone rear cover process and absorption battery of mobile phone process that station is set, in mobile phone Bonnet removes the sucker set on station and completes absorption cell phone rear cover process and separate cell phone rear cover and handset, makes mobile phone Battery expose come, reclaim cell phone rear cover enter bonnet collecting box, remaining handset is with the first mobile phone clamping station Fixture enters follow-up battery of mobile phone and removes station, after fixture, which fixes to clamp mobile phone, removes station into battery of mobile phone, in hand Machine battery removes the sucker set on station and completes absorption battery of mobile phone process, and battery of mobile phone and handset are separated, and returns Receive battery of mobile phone and enter battery collecting box, removed in battery of mobile phone on station after completion battery of mobile phone dismounting work, then it is remaining Handset is reached above ethanol fermentation vat with the fixture of the first mobile phone clamping station, makes remaining handset with the first mobile phone The fixture run location of clamping station is reached at the return end position of the first streamline, and work is handled into follow-up ethanol fermentation vat Position, the drive mechanism of the fixture of the first mobile phone clamping station of now computer control makes fixture unclamp handset, by remaining hand Machine fuselage enters the immersion operation that ethanol fermentation vat carries out the scheduled time with gravity fall, makes mobile phone screen assembly frame and mobile phone machine The connecting portion jointing material expansion of body and softization, and complete the first unloaded mobile phone clamping station of the first pipelining Fixture runs to the first-hand of the first streamline then by computer control from the return terminal of the first streamline along default backhaul route The fixture starting job position of machine clamping station is resetted, when remaining handset reaches predetermined leaching in ethanol fermentation vat After the bubble time, again pass by the identification of the second positive and negative and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, then pass through Mobile phone is sent in the specified location of the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station of the second streamline by conveyer, now computer control The drive mechanism of the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station is made, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, it is complete on the second mobile phone clamping station Into the disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline, the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station of now computer control fixes to clamp mobile phone Station is removed into follow-up screen assembly, what now computer control startup was set on the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station adds Thermal, starts to heat mobile phone screen assembly frame, and ethanol fermentation vat processing station is passed through in remaining handset Mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset is expanded and on the basis of softization after processing, then make company Socket part jointing material further softens after heating devices heat, the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material is reduced to adaptation screen The absorption affinity that assembly removes the sucker offer set on station can realize the condition requirement dismantled to mobile phone screen assembly, now Computer control screen assembly removes the process that the sucker of station completes absorption mobile phone screen assembly, by mobile phone screen assembly and mobile phone Fuselage is separated, and is reclaimed mobile phone screen assembly and is entered screen assembly collecting box, remaining handset is mobile phone circuit plate part, Handset is continued on the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station, fixture is run to the return end position up to the second streamline Place, the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station of now computer control unclamps handset, finally reclaims circuit board of mobile phone and enters circuit Plate collecting box, that is, complete waste mobile phone and disassemble removal process automatically, and completes the second unloaded mobile phone of the second pipelining The fixture of clamping station runs to the second flowing water then by computer control from the return terminal of the second streamline along default backhaul route The fixture starting job position of second mobile phone clamping station of line is resetted.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, in the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system and Second positive and negative recognizes that mobile phone positive and negative identifying system all recognizes station, black-white CCD by mobile phone positive and negative with pre-positioning system Camera apparatus and computer composition, conveyer all form pre- by anterior conveyer, mobile phone station turning and rear portion conveyer Alignment system, rear portion conveyer uses trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer, and the long side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer is positive and negative positioned at mobile phone As entrance after the conveyer belt of face identification station, for receiving the mobile phone by identification, the narrow side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer is made To export and positioned at the surface of each fixture, the preparation that mobile phone enters the fixture of mobile phone mounting and clamping system being completed, for being pressed from both sides in fixture Pre-determined bit mobile phone is carried out before holding mobile phone, each black-white CCD camera apparatus is gathered into the first mobile phone clamping station and second respectively Mobile phone positive and negative frame in mobile phone clamping station, and the mobile phone positive and negative frame of collection is transported to computer progress Storage, computer carries out analysis calculating according to the image information of storage, judges whether camera lens face is upward, if camera lens face is not upward, Mobile phone is delivered to mobile phone station turning, after mobile phone is overturn, then makes mobile phone after the long side entrance of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer Portion's conveyer, if camera lens is up, mobile phone directly enters rear portion conveyer from the long side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer, enters The mobile phone for entering rear portion conveyer gradually adjusts placing direction, realizes mobile phone at the narrow side position of portion's conveyer after arrival Pre-determined bit.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, the pre-determined bit trapezoidal inclined plane of conveyer at rear portion Sensor for countering and brake baffle are provided with, once only one mobile phone of pre-determined bit is trapezoidal in the pre-determined bit of rear portion conveyer for control Inclined-plane Zhai Bian exits, make each clamping operation of each fixture only complete the clamping to a mobile phone.
It is used as technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, above-mentioned first mobile phone clamping station and the second mobile phone The fixture of clamping station is all mainly by clamp base, fixture mobile terminal and pneumatic valve group into using side fixation opposite side movement Mode, clamping mode takes pneumatic pinch, and clamp base fixes indent and two fixtures being parallel to each other comprising a mobile phone The guide groove of mobile terminal, the guide groove of fixture mobile terminal and mobile phone fix that indent is vertical to be fixedly connected, and fixture mobile terminal is comprising another One mobile phone fixes indent and two directive wheels, and guide groove of the fixture mobile terminal by two directive wheels along clamp base is moved Dynamic, the mobile phone of fixture mobile terminal, which is fixed between indent and the mobile phone fixation indent of clamp base, forms the activity for adapting to handset size Grasp opening, pneumatic operated valve clamping force for needed for being provided fixture, the thrust output end of pneumatic operated valve is moved by screw acting in fixture Open and close movement is carried out between end, the mobile phone fixation indent for driving fixture to mobile terminal opposed jaw pedestal, in addition, in the second streamline The second mobile phone clamping station clamp base and fixture mobile terminal two mobile phones fix indent in set heated at constant temperature resistance Silk formation heater, computer controls heated at constant temperature resistance wire to heat the contact side of mobile phone, makes mobile phone screen assembly Frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset pass through heated at constant temperature Resistant heating after-tack, and reduce connecting portion bonding material The viscosity of material.
As technical scheme further preferred in above-mentioned technical proposal, the clamp base of clamping mobile phone uses left surface hand Machine fixes the right flank movement indent form that indent, bottom surface mobile phone fix indent and fixture mobile terminal, while locating cellphone, Give clamping force of the mobile phone towards clamp base.
The present invention compared with prior art, substantive distinguishing features and remarkable advantage is obviously protruded with following:
1. present invention process flow can handle various types of detachable battery cell phone types, developed technology is used The plastic substance rate of recovery that technique can make to scrap in mobile phone is more than 90%, and battery recycling rate reaches 100%, and screen various composition is reclaimed Rate reaches that the various elements rate of recovery reaches 90% in 100%, circuit board;
2. the present invention disassembles mode using machinery, it is to avoid reclaim mobile phone metal using liquid lead extraction in traditional handicraft Mode, reducing energy resource consumption, there is provided more economical, efficient, environmentally friendly waste mobile phone way of recycling;
3. the present invention does not use any destructive procedure, it is to avoid destructive procedure causes to reclaim in traditional recovery process The drawbacks of rate is reduced, reclaims mobile phone various pieces to the full extent.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram that preferred embodiment of the present invention waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically.
Fig. 2 is the cell phone rear cover sucker anchor point setting procedure figure of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the battery of mobile phone sucker anchor point setting procedure figure of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that the waste mobile phone of the preferred embodiment of the present invention disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment function mould automatically Block signal annexation schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of the clamp body of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is A direction views in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the handset identity transmission system flow chart of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Details are as follows for the preferred embodiments of the present invention:
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 7, it is traditional thread binding that a kind of waste mobile phone disassembles recovery automated job flowing water automatically Put, the first streamline 400 controlled successively by master control system and the connection of the second streamline 410 are constituted, and master control system is used Computer 403, the first streamline 400 is successively by the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system, the first mobile phone clamping station 401, hand Machine bonnet removes station 404 and battery of mobile phone dismounting station 406 is linked in sequence and formed, the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system It is made up of mobile phone positive and negative identifying system and conveyer, cell phone rear cover removes the dismounting part delivery outlet correspondence bonnet of station 404 The entrance of collecting box 405, battery of mobile phone removes the entrance for removing part delivery outlet correspondence battery collecting box 408 of station 406, the The first mobile phone clamping station 401 and the battery of mobile phone of one streamline 400 are removed is fixedly installed the first black and white respectively on station 406 The black-white CCD camera 407 of CCD camera 402 and second, the second streamline 410 successively by the second positive and negative identification and pre-positioning system, Second mobile phone clamping station 411 and screen assembly dismounting station 412 are linked in sequence and formed, the identification of the second positive and negative and pre-determined bit system System is also made up of mobile phone positive and negative identifying system and conveyer, and screen assembly removes two dismounting part delivery outlets of station 412 The entrance of screen assembly collecting box 414 and the entrance of circuit board collecting box 413 are corresponded to respectively, in the second mobile phone clamping station 411 Fixture on be additionally provided with heater, battery of mobile phone remove the mobile phone clamping station 411 of station 406 and second between be additionally provided with second Alcohol fermentation vat 409 handles station, and waste mobile phone to be split initially enters the first streamline, is recognized through the first positive and negative and predetermined Position system ajusts the positive and negative of mobile phone according to the program setting of computer 403, is then sent to mobile phone by conveyer first-class On the starting job position of the fixture of first mobile phone clamping station 401 of waterline 400, now computer 403 controls the driving of fixture Mechanism, makes fixture fix to clamp mobile phone, and computer 403 clamps mobile phone according to the fixture of the first mobile phone clamping station 401 and reaches default The position signalling of position controls the first black-white CCD camera 402 and the startup of the second black-white CCD camera 407 and image to adopt respectively Collect the relative position relation gray level image of operation, the first black-white CCD camera 402 collection mobile phone and fixture, the second black-white CCD camera The relative position relation gray level image of 407 collection batteries of mobile phone and handset, the first black-white CCD camera 402 and the second black and white The gray level image that CCD camera 407 is gathered is respectively delivered to computer 403 and stored, computer 403 according to the view data of storage, Carry out analysis to calculate data result and form command signal, so that control cell phone rear cover removes station 404 and mobile phone respectively Battery removes the sucker completion absorption cell phone rear cover process and absorption battery of mobile phone process that station 406 is set, and is torn open in cell phone rear cover Absorption cell phone rear cover process is completed except the sucker set on station 404 and cell phone rear cover and handset is separated, and makes mobile phone Battery, which is exposed, to be come, and is reclaimed cell phone rear cover and is entered bonnet collecting box 405, remaining handset is with the first mobile phone clamping station 401 fixture enters follow-up battery of mobile phone and removes station 406, when fixture fixes to clamp mobile phone into battery of mobile phone dismounting station After 406, remove the sucker that sets on station 406 in battery of mobile phone and complete absorption battery of mobile phone process, and by battery of mobile phone and hand Machine fuselage is separated, and is reclaimed battery of mobile phone and is entered battery collecting box 408, is removed in battery of mobile phone and is completed battery of mobile phone on station 406 Remove after work, then remaining handset reaches the top of ethanol fermentation vat 409 with the fixture of the first mobile phone clamping station 401, Remaining handset is set to reach the return terminal of the first streamline 400 with the fixture run location of the first mobile phone clamping station 401 At position, station is handled into follow-up ethanol fermentation vat 409, now computer 403 controls the folder of the first mobile phone clamping station 401 The drive mechanism of tool makes fixture unclamp handset, and remaining handset is entered into ethanol fermentation vat 409 with gravity fall and carried out The immersion operation of the scheduled time, makes mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset expand and softization, And the fixture of the first unloaded mobile phone clamping station 401 for completing the operation of the first streamline 400 is then controlled by computer 403, from the The return terminal of one streamline 400 runs to the first mobile phone clamping station 401 of the first streamline 400 along default backhaul route Fixture starting job position is resetted, after remaining handset reaches predetermined soak time in ethanol fermentation vat 409, Again pass by the identification of the second positive and negative and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, then will by conveyer Mobile phone is sent in the specified location of the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station 411 of the second streamline 410, and now computer 403 is controlled The drive mechanism of the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station 411 is made, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, in the second mobile phone clamping station The disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline 410 is completed on 411, now computer 403 controls the second mobile phone clamping station 411 Fixture fixes to clamp mobile phone and enters follow-up screen assembly dismounting station 412, and the now control of computer 403 starts in the second mobile phone dress The heater set on the fixture for pressing from both sides station 411, starts to heat mobile phone screen assembly frame, in remaining handset Through making mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset after the processing station processing of ethanol fermentation vat 409 Expand and on the basis of softization, then connecting portion jointing material is further softened after heating devices heat, make connecting portion The viscosity of jointing material, which is reduced to, to be adapted to screen assembly and removes the absorption affinity that the sucker set on station 412 provides can to realize pair The sucker completion absorption hand of the condition requirement of mobile phone screen assembly dismounting, now the control screen of computer 403 assembly dismounting station 412 The process of machine screen assembly, mobile phone screen assembly and handset are separated, and are reclaimed mobile phone screen assembly and are received into screen assembly Header 414, remaining handset is mobile phone circuit plate part, handset with the second mobile phone clamping station 411 fixture Continue on, fixture is run to up at the return end position of the second streamline 410, now computer 403 controls the second mobile phone dress The fixture for pressing from both sides station 411 unclamps handset, finally reclaims circuit board of mobile phone and enters circuit board collecting box 413, that is, completes waste and old Mobile phone disassembles removal process automatically, and completes the fixture of the second unloaded mobile phone clamping station 411 of the operation of the second streamline 410 Then controlled by computer 403, the second streamline 410 is run to from the return terminal of the second streamline 410 along default backhaul route The fixture starting job position of second mobile phone clamping station 411 is resetted;The present embodiment sucker material selection nitrile rubber, inhales Disk diameter selects 25mm, and vacuum is 70 kPa, and theoretical force of suction cup is 22N, and safety factor is 1.3.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, know in the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system and the second positive and negative Not and in pre-positioning system, mobile phone positive and negative identifying system all recognizes station 603, black-white CCD camera apparatus by mobile phone positive and negative 604 and computer 403 constitute, conveyer is all by anterior conveyer 601, mobile phone station turning 605 and rear portion conveyer 602 Pre-positioning system is formed, rear portion conveyer 602 uses trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer, and the long side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer is located at As entrance after the conveyer belt of mobile phone positive and negative identification station 603, for receiving the mobile phone by identification, trapezoidal inclined plane transmission dress The narrow side put is as the surface for exporting and being located at each fixture, for pre-determined bit mobile phone, completes mobile phone and enters mobile phone mounting and clamping system Fixture preparation, for carrying out pre-determined bit mobile phone before fixture clamping mobile phone, each black-white CCD camera apparatus 604 adopts respectively The mobile phone positive and negative frame that collection enters in the first mobile phone clamping station 401 and the second mobile phone clamping station 411, and will collection Mobile phone positive and negative frame be transported to computer 403 and stored, computer 403 carries out analysis meter according to the image information of storage Calculate, judge whether camera lens face is upward, if mobile phone not upward, is delivered to mobile phone station turning 605, mobile phone is overturn by camera lens face Afterwards, then make mobile phone from the long side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer enter rear portion conveyer 602, if camera lens up, mobile phone is straight Connect from the long side of trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer and enter rear portion conveyer 602, the mobile phone into rear portion conveyer 602 is gradually adjusted Whole placing direction, makes mobile phone realize pre-determined bit at the narrow side position of portion's conveyer 602 after arrival.In the present embodiment, join See Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, pretreated mobile phone enters mobile phone positive and negative by trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer and recognized on station 603, station Mobile phone positive and negative information in the square collection of black-white CCD camera apparatus 604 station, judges whether camera lens face is upward, and the present embodiment is trapezoidal The outlet of inclined-plane conveyer is positioned at the top of mobile phone fixture, so that mobile phone falls into fixture specified location, and when processing second During the body of waterline, it is only necessary to be inverted the judgement sentence of setting program, you can meet the work requirements of the second streamline.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, provided with counting on the pre-determined bit trapezoidal inclined plane of rear portion conveyer 602 Sensor and brake baffle, once only one mobile phone of pre-determined bit is narrow in the pre-determined bit trapezoidal inclined plane of rear portion conveyer 602 for control Side exit, makes each clamping operation of each fixture only complete the clamping to a mobile phone.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 4~Fig. 6, the first mobile phone clamping station 401 and the second mobile phone clamping station 411 Fixture is all mainly made up of clamp base 510, fixture mobile terminal 520 and pneumatic operated valve 530, and opposite side movement is fixed using side Mode, clamping mode takes pneumatic pinch, and for one side on one side, another side vertical with fixture affixed side is auxiliary branch to positioning method Hold, clamp base 510 fixes the guide groove for the fixture mobile terminal 520 that indent and two are parallel to each other, fixture comprising a mobile phone The guide groove of mobile terminal 520 and mobile phone fix that indent is vertical to be fixedly connected, and pressure is fixed in fixture mobile terminal 520 comprising another mobile phone Groove and two directive wheels, guide groove of the fixture mobile terminal 520 by two directive wheels along clamp base 510 are moved, and fixture is moved The mobile phone of moved end 520 is fixed between indent and the mobile phone fixation indent of clamp base 510 and forms the activity folder for adapting to handset size Hold opening, the clamping force for needed for being provided fixture of pneumatic operated valve 530, the thrust output end of pneumatic operated valve 530 is by screw acting in fixture Open and close movement is carried out between mobile terminal 520, the mobile phone fixation indent for driving fixture to the opposed jaw pedestal 510 of mobile terminal 520, separately Outside, the second streamline 410 the second mobile phone clamping station 411 clamp base 510 and two mobile phones of fixture mobile terminal 520 Heated at constant temperature resistance wire formation heater is set in fixed indent, and the control heated at constant temperature resistance wire of computer 403 connects to mobile phone Touch side to be heated, mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset is passed through heated at constant temperature resistance wire After-tack is heated, and reduces the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material.In the present embodiment, the fixture in streamline 410 then exists Heated at constant temperature resistance wire is added in three fixed indents, to make the optical cement of screen assembly and body adhesion in the feelings of heating Reduce viscosity under condition, it is convenient to remove screen assembly.The offer of mobile phone fixture clamping force uses pneumatic mode, so as to rapid fast Prompt position mobile phone is clamped, and is easy to take out mobile phone in the case where shedding clamping force.Mobile phone clamping fixture using it is left, under Fixed indent and right side movement indent form, while locating cellphone, give clamping force of the mobile phone towards clamp base 510. Travel switch is equipped with the return terminal of two streamlines, controllable fixture mobile terminal pneumatic operated valve sheds air pressure, so that body Slid according to gravity to specified location, reduce by two dismounting mobile phone stations.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 4~Fig. 6, clamp base 510 fixes indent, bottom surface mobile phone using left surface mobile phone Fixed indent and the right flank movement indent form of fixture mobile terminal 520, while locating cellphone, give mobile phone towards fixture The clamping force of pedestal 510.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 7, a kind of waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically, comprises the following steps:
S1:The waste mobile phone for reclaiming is pre-processed, mobile phone surface and oil contaminant is cleared up, in this step to the hand of recovery Machine is for, using in the case of acetabular surgery, sucker can smoothly produce expection and set in subsequent step by simple surface treatment Determine vacuum, reach absorption bonnet, battery, the purpose of screen assembly;
S2:Mobile phone makes mobile phone enter the first streamline 400 after greasy dirt pre-cleaning in step sl, positive and negative through first Face recognizes the positive and negative for ajusting mobile phone according to the program setting of computer 403 with pre-positioning system, is then transmitted by corresponding rear portion Mobile phone is sent on the starting job position of the fixture of the first mobile phone clamping station 401 of the first streamline 400 by device 602, Now computer 403 controls the drive mechanism of fixture, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, after mobile phone is by clamp, first-hand The the first black-white CCD camera 402 set on machine clamping station 401 starts collection fixture and cellphone body relative position image, and Transmit to computer 403 and stored, the dismounting that the first streamline 400 is now completed on the first mobile phone clamping station 401 is returned Receive preparation;In this step, mobile phone is positioned in the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system, by black-white CCD phase Machine device 604 recognizes mobile phone positive and negative, and for non-mirror head, mobile phone of the mobile phone then into mobile phone station turning 605 overturns biography upward Band is sent, upset mobile phone makes mobile phone keep camera lens to face up into trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, and trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane has sensor for countering, Can make mobile phone successively it is single fall into mobile phone fixture middle finger positioning put;In this step, the mobile phone through trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane reaches hand In clamp base 510 in machine clamp, photoelectric sensor sends signal, pneumatic operated valve 530 is pressurizeed, and is ready for disassembly & recycling work Make, be fixture mobile terminal 520 on the right side of fixture, left side, downside are fixing end;Clamp structure sketch as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, is clamped There is 15 ° of inclination angle on each side of mobile phone, has two guide grooves and two to play in the effect that auxiliary is fixed, clamp base 510 Fixed indent, guide groove is to maintain fixture mobile terminal 520 and moved in parallel without producing tilt phenomenon, left side fix indent with The plane of clamp base 510 is to play locating cellphone, and it is aiding support mobile phone and auxiliary clamp mobile terminal that indent is fixed in downside There are two directive wheels, one Pneumatic pressure bar and a pressure sensor, the work of directive wheel in the effect of guiding, fixture mobile terminal 520 With being to allow fixture mobile terminal 520 smoothly to be moved under the guiding of two fixing grooves, the effect of Pneumatic pressure bar is that transmission is pneumatic Device produce clamping force, pressure sensor be in order that fixture reach during pressure preset stop pneumatic operated valve 530 pressurize, it is pneumatic Valve 530 is fixed in clamp base 510, for providing clamp power;In this step, after fixture fixes to clamp mobile phone, When i.e. pressure sensor reaches preset pressure in fixture, the black-white CCD camera apparatus 604 of the top of the first mobile phone clamping station 401 Start, collection fixture and mobile phone relative position image, and transmit to computer 403;
S3:The disassembly & recycling preparation of the first streamline 400 is completed on the first mobile phone clamping station 401 in step s 2 Afterwards, fixture fixes to clamp the cell phone rear cover dismounting station 404 that mobile phone enters the first follow-up streamline 400, and computer 403 is according to right The data analysis of the image gathered in step s 2 calculates data result and forms command signal, so as to control cell phone rear cover The process that the positive suction disk of station 404 completes absorption cell phone rear cover is removed, cell phone rear cover and handset are separated, mobile phone is reclaimed Bonnet, remaining handset enters next station with fixture;In this step, after fixture fixes to clamp mobile phone, that is, press from both sides When pressure sensor reaches preset pressure in tool, the first black-white CCD camera 402 starts above station, collection fixture and mobile phone phase To location drawing picture, and transmit to computer 403;In this step, computer 403 calls pre-set programs, using Threshold Segmentation Algorithm, place Manage the gray scale picture of the first black-white CCD camera 402 collection;In this step, pressed from both sides in the pre-set programs identification image in computer 403 Specifically with outer frame of mobile phone position;In this step, the information that the program in computer 403 is extracted is calculated, and calculates hand Machine size, the positional value of mobile phone opposed jaw pedestal 510, recognize cell phone rear cover image, choose a smooth angle in corner Fall, calculate sucker position location value, and positional information is exported into the servomotor to control sucker;In this step, according to suction Disk position location is worth, and Serve Motor Control sucker reaches target location, and sucker falls, vacuum pump startup, and sucker completes absorption work After sequence, move up, and whole fuselage is fixed on fixture, so as to drive bonnet and fuselage to separate, under fuselage enters with fixture One station, cell phone rear cover is laid down air pressure after being moved to sucker at bonnet collecting box 405 and come off;In this step, will be discarded Cell phone rear cover is disassembled including setting sucker suction anchor point, two steps being pulled open with sucker, and it is black according to first to set absorption anchor point The image that white CCD camera 402 is gathered, navigates to the selected smooth angle of mobile phone, with mobile phone both sides at a distance of 20mm;Pulled open with sucker Step after sucker suction mobile phone, is lifted up pulling open cell phone rear cover according to above-mentioned anchor point, bonnet after being pulled open with sucker, with Sucker is moved to the top of bonnet collecting box 405, and sucker sheds vacuum, and bonnet ranges cell phone rear cover collection with gravity fall Case 405;
S4:Cell phone rear cover is removed and completed on station 404 after cell phone rear cover dismounting work in step s3, and the battery of mobile phone is naked Expose, after fixture, which fixes to clamp mobile phone, enters battery of mobile phone dismounting station 406 of the first follow-up streamline 400, now The the second black-white CCD camera 407 set on battery of mobile phone dismounting station 406 starts collection fixture and battery of mobile phone relative position Image, and transmit to computer 403, computer 403 calculates data result according to the analysis to image and forms command signal, from And control battery of mobile phone to remove the process that the vacuum cup of station 406 completes absorption battery of mobile phone, by battery of mobile phone and mobile phone machine Status is from recovery battery of mobile phone, remaining handset enters next station with fixture;In this step, it is split in bonnet After removing, body enters battery of mobile phone with fixture and removes station 406, when fixture reaches default station, touches travel switch, second is black White CCD camera 407 starts, collection battery and body relative position picture, and the second black-white CCD camera 407 is by the gray scale collected Picture transfer to computer 403, computer 403 uses Threshold segmentation and rim detection (Canny) algorithm, handles picture, will obtain hand The relative position information of machine battery and body is handled and stored, and calculates relative position of the battery relative to clamp base 510 Relation is put, and calculates sucker position location value, is worth according to the sucker position location of setting, Serve Motor Control sucker reaches mesh Cursor position, sucker falls, vacuum pump startup, and sucker is completed after absorption process, is moved up, so as to drive battery and body point From fuselage enters next station with fixture, and battery is laid down air pressure after being moved to sucker at battery collecting box 408 and come off; In this step, the gray level image collected according to the second black-white CCD camera 407, using Threshold segmentation and rim detection (Canny) Operator Method, relative position of the identification battery in mobile phone, it is sucker suction point, sucker suction battery to choose battery center point Afterwards, it is lifted up with body taking battery apart, subsequent step is identical with removing bonnet step, and battery ranges battery collecting box 408;
S5:Battery of mobile phone is removed and completed on station 406 after battery of mobile phone dismounting work in step s 4, and fixture is fixed to clamp Mobile phone makes remaining handset reach the return of the first streamline 400 with fixture run location to the top of ethanol fermentation vat 409 At end position, now computer 403 controls the drive mechanism of fixture, touches travel switch, and fixture pneumatic operated valve 530 sheds pressure, made Fixture unclamps handset, and remaining handset is entered into the immersion work that ethanol fermentation vat 409 is carried out 3 hours with gravity fall Industry, makes mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset expand and softization, and completes the first streamline The unloaded fixture of 400 operations is then controlled by computer 403, is transported from the return terminal of the first streamline 400 along default backhaul route The fixture starting job position of row to the first mobile phone clamping station 401 of the first streamline 400 is resetted;In this step, Mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset are Solid-state Optics glue, and ethanol is used during dismounting screen assembly Immersion, makes the mode that Solid-state Optics glue expands and heating Solid-state Optics glue is combined the decline of its viscosity, by the viscosity of optical cement Minimum degree is reduced to consequently facilitating dismounting;
S6:In step s 5, after remaining handset reaches immersion 3 hours in ethanol fermentation vat 409, again pass by Second mobile phone positive and negative is recognized and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, is then transmitted by corresponding rear portion Mobile phone is sent in the specified location of the fixture of the second mobile phone clamping station 411 of the second streamline 410 by device 602, now Computer 403 controls the drive mechanism of fixture, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, second is completed on the second mobile phone clamping station 411 The disassembly & recycling preparation of streamline 410;In this step, fuselage is positioned over the identification of the second mobile phone positive and negative and pre-determined bit In system, mobile phone positive and negative is recognized by another black-white CCD camera apparatus 604, then enters to start with for the face-up mobile phone of camera lens Machine turning transmission belt, upset mobile phone makes mobile phone keep non-mirror head to face up into trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, and trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane has Sensor for countering, make mobile phone successively it is single fall into mobile phone fixture middle finger positioning put;
S7:The disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline 410 is completed on the second mobile phone clamping station 411 in step s 6 Afterwards, fixture fixes to clamp the screen assembly dismounting station 412 that mobile phone enters the second follow-up streamline 410, and now computer 403 is controlled System starts the heater set on fixture, starts to heat mobile phone screen assembly frame, has been passed through in remaining handset Make the base of mobile phone screen assembly frame and the expansion of the connecting portion jointing material of handset and softization after the processing for crossing step S5 On plinth, then connecting portion jointing material is further softened after heating, the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material is reduced to adaptation Screen assembly remove station 412 vacuum cup provide absorption affinity can realize to mobile phone screen assembly knocked down condition requirement, Now the control screen of computer 403 assembly removes the process that the vacuum cup of station 412 completes absorption mobile phone screen assembly, by mobile phone Screen assembly and handset separation, reclaim mobile phone screen assembly, remaining handset is mobile phone circuit plate part, mobile phone Fuselage is continued on fixture, fixture is run to up at the return end position of the second streamline 410, now computer 403 is controlled The drive mechanism of fixture makes fixture unclamp handset, finally reclaims circuit board of mobile phone, that is, completes waste mobile phone and disassemble back automatically Receipts process, and unloaded fixture is then controlled by computer 403, is transported from the return terminal of the second streamline 410 along default backhaul route The fixture starting job position of row to the second mobile phone clamping station 411 of the second streamline 410 is resetted;In this step, Mobile phone through trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane is reached in the clamp base 510 in mobile phone fixture, and photoelectric sensor sends signal, makes pneumatic operated valve 530 pressurizations, are ready for the fixture of the work of screen assembly disassembly & recycling, the fixture of the second streamline 410 and the first streamline 400 Difference, on the basis of the first streamline 400, the fixture of the second streamline 410 increases in left and right, downside retaining part Heater, while starting pneumatic operated valve 530 and clamping mobile phone, the fixture of second streamline 410 is left and right, the electricity in downside Hinder heater to start, heat screen assembly frame, be easy to sucker to pick up screen assembly and dismantled;In this step, according to The outer frame of mobile phone and clamp body relative position relation of first black-white CCD camera 402 collection, computer 403 calculate sucker sprocket bit Value is put, and is transferred to servomotor, sucker is reached to fall after specified location, and vacuum pump startup, sucker is completed after absorption process, to Upper movement, and whole fuselage is fixed on fixture, so as to drive screen assembly and fuselage to separate, fuselage continues on shifting with fixture Dynamic, screen assembly is laid down air pressure after being moved to sucker at screen assembly collecting box 414 and come off;In this step, fuselage is with folder Specifically move at the conveyer belt return of the second streamline 410, touch travel switch, fixture pneumatic operated valve 530 sheds pressure, fuselage With gravity fall to lower circuit plate collecting box 413;Screen assembly is removed in this step holds hand simultaneously using two suckers Upper and lower two parts of machine screen, latter two sucker be pulled upwardly simultaneously, cellphone body is then fixed on fixture;Screen assembly The top of mobile phone screen assembly collecting box 414 is run to two suckers, sucker sheds vacuum, and mobile phone screen assembly is with gravity Fall, range in screen assembly collecting box 414, body walks on clamp body, when row is held to rolling back, touch travel switch, Clamping device sheds clamping force, and body is ranged in circuit board collecting box 413 with gravity fall;In the present embodiment, second Fixture on waterline 410 is easy to the optical cement after ethanol soaks to expand by the way of built-in resistive heater in three side indents In the case of, heating has expanded optical cement, it is further heated reduction viscosity, makes dismounting screen assembly more convenient and can Lean on.
In addition in the present embodiment, in above-mentioned steps S2, location coordinate is using the lower left corner of clamp base 510 as coordinate system Origin, in the default stage, needs to demarcate the origin of coordinates before the work of black-white CCD camera, and physical length and image is long Degree carries out ratiometric conversion.Likewise, being also using the lower left corner of clamp base 510 as reference axis origin in step S154.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 4, the first streamline 400 and the second streamline 410 are respectively to dismantle bonnet, battery Streamline and dismounting screen assembly streamline.Hollow arrow represents waste mobile phone material movement flow direction, solid slim arrow table in figure Show that information flow is moved towards.Waste mobile phone is fixed at the first mobile phone clamping station 401 of streamline 400, is filled by black-white CCD camera Put after 402 collection positional informations, send to computer 403 and analyze storage.Fixture enters cell phone rear cover and removes station 404, computer 403 Transmit the servomotor that the information handled well extremely controls sucker.Remove after bonnet, sucker moves to the top of bonnet collecting box 405, Shed and removed bonnet.Body with fixture enter battery remove station 406, the first black-white CCD camera 407 collection information transfer extremely After computer 403 is analyzed and processed, the servomotor of control sucker is transferred data to.After removing battery, sucker moves to battery collection Case 408 sheds removing battery behind top.Body with clamp movement to the return of the first streamline 400 at, touch travel switch, folder Tool pneumatic operated valve 530 sheds pressure, after body falls into ethanol fermentation vat 409,3 hours, takes out body, is installed on the second mobile phone clamping Station 411.Second streamline 410 brings into operation after pneumatic operated valve 530 clamps mobile phone, and fixture enters screen assembly and removes station 412, the information that computer 403 is gathered according to black-white CCD camera 402 transmits sucker location information to control sucker servomotor, Sucker, which is removed, moves to the top of screen assembly collecting box 414 after screen assembly, shed and dismantled screen assembly, body is transported with fixture Move to the return of the second streamline 410, touch travel switch, fixture pneumatic operated valve 530 sheds pressure, and body falls into circuit board collection Case 413.
The method that the present embodiment recycles waste mobile phone, mobile phone is positioned in positive and negative identifying system, makes Mobile phone mirror Head are upward;Mobile phone passes through pre-determined bit, is sent on mobile phone fixture, and streamline is opened;Cell phone rear cover is picked up with sucker, and will Bonnet, which is sorted out, is recycled to bonnet collecting box;Battery of mobile phone is picked up with sucker, and battery classification is recycled to battery collecting box;Will The body for removing bonnet and battery places ethanol fermentation vat;Mobile phone again passes by positive and negative identifying system and pre-positioning system, makes Mobile phone non-mirror head upward, are sent on mobile phone fixture;Screen assembly is picked up with sucker, and the classification of screen assembly is recycled to Screen assembly collecting box, remaining body is collected to circuit board collecting box.
The present embodiment waste mobile phone automates the device and disassembling method for disassembling recovery, in the form of streamline, using true Empty sucker suction, the technique pulled open.Progressively separation mobile phone bonnet, battery of mobile phone, mobile phone screen assembly and circuit board of mobile phone.Wherein Take for removing mobile phone screen assembly and circuit board step and soak the mode heated with fixture to mobile phone with ethanol;Mobile phone with Black-white CCD camera of the position of battery opposed jaw above station, which is sampled and transmitted to computer, carries out calculating processing.This implementation Example is suitably applied the recycling recycling field of electrical type discarded object, using mechanical system, realizes the quick of waste mobile phone Batch is disassembled, and efficiency high is disassembled, yield is secure, and easily operated, to environment fanout free region.
The embodiment of the present invention is illustrated above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the invention is not restricted to above-described embodiment, can be with Made according to the purpose of the innovation and creation of the present invention under a variety of changes, all Spirit Essence and principle according to technical solution of the present invention Change, modification, replacement, combination, the simplification made, should be equivalent substitute mode, as long as meeting the goal of the invention of the present invention, only Otherwise disassemble the technical principle and hair of recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically away from waste mobile phone of the present invention Bright design, belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1:The waste mobile phone for reclaiming is pre-processed, mobile phone surface and oil contaminant is cleared up;
S2:Mobile phone after the greasy dirt pre-cleaning in the step S1, make mobile phone enter the first streamline, through positive and negative identification and Pre-positioning system ajusts the positive and negative of mobile phone according to master control system program setting, is then sent to mobile phone by conveyer On the starting job position of the fixture of the mobile phone clamping station of first streamline, now master control system controls the driving machine of fixture Structure, makes fixture fix to clamp mobile phone, and after mobile phone is by clamp, the image collecting device set on mobile phone clamping station is opened Begin collection fixture and cellphone body relative position image, and transmit to master control system and stored, and is now in mobile phone clamping The disassembly & recycling preparation of the first streamline is completed on station;
S3:After completing the disassembly & recycling preparation of the first streamline on mobile phone clamping station in the step S2, fixture is solid The cell phone rear cover that the tight mobile phone of clamp enters the first follow-up streamline removes station, and master control system is according to in the step S2 The data analysis of the image of middle collection calculates data result and forms command signal, so as to control sucker to complete absorption mobile phone The process of bonnet, cell phone rear cover and handset are separated, and reclaim cell phone rear cover, and remaining handset enters next with fixture Individual station;
S4:Cell phone rear cover is removed and completed on station after cell phone rear cover dismounting work in the step S3, and the battery of mobile phone is exposed Out, after fixture, which fixes to clamp mobile phone, enters the battery of mobile phone dismounting station of the first follow-up streamline, now in mobile phone electricity Pond removes the image collecting device that sets on station and starts collection cellphone body and battery of mobile phone relative position image, and transmit to Master control system, master control system calculates data result according to the analysis to image and forms command signal, so as to control The process that sucker completes absorption battery of mobile phone, battery of mobile phone and handset are separated, battery of mobile phone, remaining mobile phone machine is reclaimed Body enters next station with fixture;
S5:Cell phone rear cover is removed and completed on station after battery of mobile phone dismounting work in the step S4, and fixture fixes to clamp hand Machine makes remaining handset reach the return end position of the first streamline with fixture run location to ethanol fermentation vat top Place, the drive mechanism of now master control system control fixture makes fixture unclamp handset, by remaining handset with gravity Under fall into the immersion operation that ethanol fermentation vat carries out the scheduled time, make mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion of handset viscous Condensation material expand and softization, and completion the first pipelining unloaded fixture then by master control system control, from first The return terminal of streamline runs to the fixture starting operation position of the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline along default backhaul route Put and resetted;
S6:In the step S5, remaining handset is reached in ethanol fermentation vat after predetermined soak time, is again passed by Mobile phone positive and negative is recognized and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, is then transmitted mobile phone by conveyer To the specified location of the fixture of the mobile phone clamping station of the second streamline, now master control system controls the driving machine of fixture Structure, makes fixture fix to clamp mobile phone, and the disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline is completed on mobile phone clamping station;
S7:After completing the disassembly & recycling preparation of the second streamline on mobile phone clamping station in the step S6, fixture is solid The screen assembly that the tight mobile phone of clamp enters the second follow-up streamline removes station, and now master control system control starts on fixture The heater of setting, starts to heat mobile phone screen assembly frame, the step S5 is passed through in remaining handset Processing after mobile phone screen assembly frame and the connecting portion jointing material of handset is expanded and on the basis of softization, then make Connecting portion jointing material further softens after heating, is reduced to the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material and adapts to what sucker was provided Absorption affinity can realize that, to mobile phone screen assembly knocked down condition requirement, now master control system control sucker completes absorption Mobile phone screen The process of curtain assembly, mobile phone screen assembly and handset are separated, mobile phone screen assembly is reclaimed, remaining handset is Mobile phone circuit plate part, handset is continued on fixture, fixture is run to up at the return end position of the second streamline, The drive mechanism of now master control system control fixture makes fixture unclamp handset, finally reclaims circuit board of mobile phone, that is, completes Waste mobile phone disassembles removal process automatically, and unloaded fixture is then by master control system control, from the return terminal of the second streamline The fixture starting job position that the mobile phone clamping station of the second streamline is run to along default backhaul route is resetted.
2. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The master control system is meter Calculation machine, in the step S2 and S5, the identification of mobile phone positive and negative and pre-positioning system are provided with black-white CCD camera, the transmission dress Put using trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, after master control system control black-white CCD camera identification mobile phone positive and negative, to camera lens face The mobile phone towards direction initialization is not by master control system control turning transmission belt progress selective tilting operation, logical Crossing upset mobile phone makes Mobile phone mirror head retain towards after direction initialization, and mobile phone goes successively to trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, the trapezoidal biography Send inclined-plane to be provided with sensor for countering, make mobile phone is single successively to reach at the default initial clip position of correspondence mobile phone fixture requirement, In the step S2 and S4, set on the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline and on cell phone rear cover dismounting station Image collecting device is all black-white CCD camera, and the data terminal of the black-white CCD camera is connected with the Computer signal, in institute State view data after the relative position relation gray level image for gathering mobile phone and fixture in step S2 using the black-white CCD camera Computer is transported to, and gray level image is handled using Threshold Segmentation Algorithm, and the black-white CCD phase is utilized in the step S4 Machine gathers battery of mobile phone and view data is transported to computer by the relative position relation gray level image of handset, and uses threshold It is worth partitioning algorithm and rim detection Canny algorithm process gray level images, in the step S2 and S4 during processing gray level image all It is after information useless in gray level image information is filtered off, to obtain fixture, outer frame of mobile phone profile, the smooth horn ring of cell phone rear cover Wide and position coordinate value and its mutual alignment relation value of the battery of mobile phone profile in preset coordinate system, and data storage will be calculated To in the computer, in described step S3, S4 and S7, computer is big to the handset size of storage according to the data of storage The outer frame data of the smooth angular data of small data, cell phone rear cover, outer frame of mobile phone outline data, battery and preset coordinate system relation are counted Calculation is handled, and the elements of a fix value for corresponding to each sucker in flow line stations is calculated according to coordinate transformation relation, and is changed The instruction execution signal of adsorption operation is carried out into driving sucker, then computer is again passed instruction execution signal by communication interface Be defeated by control sucker motion corresponding servomotor, make servomotor drive sucker perform to cell phone rear cover, battery of mobile phone and The adsorption operation of screen assembly, in the step S5 and S7, the fixture offer uses pneumatic to the clamping force of mobile phone Mode, computer is also by controlling the fixture of correspondence mobile phone clamping station to be opened in the corresponding default stroke of streamline return terminal Close, and then the pneumatic operated valve being correspondingly arranged on control fixture, when clamp body reaches that corresponding streamline is returned at end position, pass through Touching travel switch makes pneumatic operated valve release, and the cellphone body that fixture is clamped is slid to the work of default station automatically due to Action of Gravity Field At industry position.
3. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the step S2 and S4 In, the mobile phone clamping station and battery of first streamline remove the startup of the black-white CCD camera of station setting and image is adopted Collect operation by computer automation control, its control is as follows with judgment mode:
In the step S2, when mobile phone is sent to the mobile phone clamping station of the first streamline by trapezoidal transmission inclined-plane, and Now the fixture of the pressure sensor detection of mobile phone clamping station reaches that preset pressure clamps mobile phone with handset contact During body, the black-white CCD camera set on mobile phone clamping station starts and starts collection fixture and cellphone body relative position Image;
In the step S4, when the battery that mobile phone reaches the first streamline removes station, and now mobile phone clamping station When the fixture of pressure sensor detection still keeps preset pressure clamping cellphone body with handset contact, battery is removed Black-white CCD camera starts above station.
4. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:In the step S5 and In S7, the fixture is provided with the photoelectric sensor and pressure sensor that are connected with master control system signal, when there is mobile phone entrance When fixture is clamped, the photoelectric sensor, which sends signal, makes pneumatic operated valve pressurization so as to Automatic-clamping mobile phone, when the pressure When sensor detects pneumatic pinch pressure and reaches preset value, stop increase air pressure.
5. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:In the step S4 When simultaneously using Threshold Segmentation Algorithm and rim detection Canny algorithm process gray level images, at least by trade mark, word, RAM card The disturbing factor in any several images in slot and camera is gradually excluded, to obtain battery of mobile phone profile and outer frame of mobile phone Position coordinate value and its mutual alignment relation value of the profile in preset coordinate system.
6. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method automatically according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:In the step S5, The predetermined soak time that remaining handset is handled in ethanol fermentation vat is at least 3 hours.
7. a kind of waste mobile phone disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment, first controlled successively by master control system automatically Streamline(400)With the second streamline(410)Connection composition, the master control system uses computer(403), it is characterised in that: First streamline(400)Successively by the identification of the first positive and negative and pre-positioning system, the first mobile phone clamping station(401), hand Machine bonnet removes station(404)Station is removed with battery of mobile phone(406)It is linked in sequence and forms, first positive and negative is recognized and pre- Alignment system is made up of mobile phone positive and negative identifying system and conveyer, and the cell phone rear cover removes station(404)Dismounting part Delivery outlet correspondence bonnet collecting box(405)Entrance, the battery of mobile phone removes station(406)Dismounting part delivery outlet correspondence electricity Pond collecting box(408)Entrance, in first streamline(400)The first mobile phone clamping station(401)Torn open with battery of mobile phone Except station(406)It is upper that the first black-white CCD camera is fixedly installed respectively(402)With the second black-white CCD camera(407), described second Streamline(410)Successively by the identification of the second positive and negative and pre-positioning system, the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Torn open with screen assembly Except station(412)It is linked in sequence and forms, the second positive and negative identification and pre-positioning system is also by mobile phone positive and negative identifying system With conveyer composition, the screen assembly removes station(412)Two remove part delivery outlets and correspond to screen assembly respectively and receive Header(414)Entrance and circuit board collecting box(413)Entrance, in the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture on also set There is heater, station is removed in the battery of mobile phone(406)With the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Between be additionally provided with second Alcohol fermentation vat(409)Station is handled, waste mobile phone to be split initially enters the first streamline, recognized through first positive and negative With pre-positioning system according to the computer(403)Program setting ajusts the positive and negative of mobile phone, then will by the conveyer Mobile phone is sent to first streamline(400)The first mobile phone clamping station(401)Fixture starting job position on, this Shi Suoshu computers(403)The drive mechanism of fixture is controlled, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, the computer(403)According to first-hand Machine clamping station(401)Fixture clamping mobile phone reach the position signalling of predeterminated position and control first black-white CCD respectively Camera(402)With the second black-white CCD camera(407)Startup and IMAQ operation, the first black-white CCD camera (402)Gather the relative position relation gray level image of mobile phone and fixture, the second black-white CCD camera(407)Gather mobile phone electricity Pond and the relative position relation gray level image of handset, the first black-white CCD camera(402)With second black-white CCD Camera(407)The gray level image of collection is respectively delivered to the computer(403)Stored, the computer(403)According to storage View data, carry out analysis calculate data result and form command signal, so as to control the cell phone rear cover to tear open respectively Except station(404)Station is removed with the battery of mobile phone(406)The sucker of setting completes absorption cell phone rear cover process and absorption hand Machine battery process, station is removed in the cell phone rear cover(404)The sucker of upper setting completes absorption cell phone rear cover process and by hand Machine bonnet and handset separation, make the battery of mobile phone expose, and reclaim cell phone rear cover and enter the bonnet collecting box (405), remaining handset is with the first mobile phone clamping station(401)Fixture enter the follow-up battery of mobile phone and remove work Position(406), when fixture fixes to clamp mobile phone into battery of mobile phone dismounting station(406)Afterwards, removed in the battery of mobile phone Station(406)The sucker of upper setting completes absorption battery of mobile phone process, and battery of mobile phone and handset are separated, and reclaims mobile phone Battery enters the battery collecting box(408), station is removed in the battery of mobile phone(406)Upper completion battery of mobile phone dismounting work Afterwards, then remaining handset is with the first mobile phone clamping station(401)Fixture reach the ethanol fermentation vat(409)Top, Make remaining handset with the first mobile phone clamping station(401)Fixture run location reach first streamline(400) Return end position at, into follow-up ethanol fermentation vat(409)Station is handled, now the computer(403)Control is first-hand Machine clamping station(401)Fixture drive mechanism make fixture unclamp handset, by remaining handset with gravity fall Enter the ethanol fermentation vat(409)The immersion operation of the scheduled time is carried out, makes the company of mobile phone screen assembly frame and handset Socket part jointing material expands and softization, and completes first streamline(400)The first unloaded mobile phone clamping work of operation Position(401)Fixture then by the computer(403)Control, from first streamline(400)Return terminal along default backhaul Route runs to first streamline(400)The first mobile phone clamping station(401)Fixture starting job position answered Position, when remaining handset is in the ethanol fermentation vat(409)In reach after predetermined soak time, again pass by described second Positive and negative is recognized and pre-positioning system sets the positive and negative for ajusting handset, is then transmitted mobile phone by the conveyer To second streamline(410)The second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture specified location on, the now computer (403)Control the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture drive mechanism, fixture is fixed to clamp mobile phone, described Second mobile phone clamping station(411)It is upper to complete second streamline(410)Disassembly & recycling preparation, the now computer (403)Control the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture fix to clamp mobile phone and enter the follow-up screen assembly and tear open Except station(412), the now computer(403)Control starts in the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture on set Heater, start to mobile phone screen assembly frame heat, pass through ethanol fermentation vat in remaining handset(409) Make the basis of mobile phone screen assembly frame and the expansion of the connecting portion jointing material of handset and softization after processing station processing On, then connecting portion jointing material is further softened after heating devices heat, making the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material reduces Station is removed to the screen assembly is adapted to(412)The absorption affinity that the sucker of upper setting is provided can be realized to mobile phone screen assembly The condition requirement of dismounting, the now computer(403)The screen assembly is controlled to remove station(412)Sucker complete absorption hand The process of machine screen assembly, mobile phone screen assembly and handset are separated, mobile phone screen assembly is reclaimed total into the screen Into collecting box(414), remaining handset is mobile phone circuit plate part, and handset is with the second mobile phone clamping station (411)Fixture continue on, fixture is run to up to second streamline(410)Return end position at, it is now described Computer(403)Control the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture unclamp handset, finally reclaim circuit board of mobile phone enter Enter the circuit board collecting box(413), that is, complete waste mobile phone and disassemble removal process automatically, and complete the second streamline(410) The second unloaded mobile phone clamping station of operation(411)Fixture then by the computer(403)Control, from the second streamline (410)Return terminal run to the second streamline along default backhaul route(410)The second mobile phone clamping station(411)Folder Tool starting job position is resetted.
8. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment automatically according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: In the first positive and negative identification and pre-positioning system and the identification of the second positive and negative and pre-positioning system, mobile phone positive and negative identification system System all recognizes station by mobile phone positive and negative(603), black-white CCD camera apparatus(604)With the computer(403)Composition, it is described to pass Send device all by anterior conveyer(601), mobile phone station turning(605)With rear portion conveyer(602)Form pre-determined bit system System, the rear portion conveyer(602)Using trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer, the long side of the trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer is located at institute State mobile phone positive and negative identification station(603)Conveyer belt after as entrance, for receiving the mobile phone by identification, it is described it is trapezoidal tiltedly The narrow side of face conveyer completes the folder that mobile phone enters mobile phone mounting and clamping system as the surface for exporting and being located at each fixture The preparation of tool, for carrying out pre-determined bit mobile phone, each black-white CCD camera apparatus before fixture clamping mobile phone(604)Respectively Collection enters the first mobile phone clamping station(401)With the second mobile phone clamping station(411)In mobile phone positive and negative frame, and The mobile phone positive and negative frame of collection is transported to the computer(403)Stored, the computer(403)According to storage Image information carries out analysis calculating, judges whether camera lens face is upward, if mobile phone not upward, is delivered to the mobile phone by camera lens face Station turning(605), after mobile phone is overturn, then mobile phone is passed from the long side of the trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer into the rear portion Send device(602)If up, mobile phone is directly passed camera lens from the long side of the trapezoidal inclined plane conveyer into the rear portion Send device(602), into the rear portion conveyer(602)Mobile phone gradually adjust placing direction, passed reaching the rear portion Send device(602)Narrow side position at mobile phone is realized pre-determined bit.
9. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment automatically according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: The rear portion conveyer(602)Pre-determined bit trapezoidal inclined plane be provided with sensor for countering and brake baffle, control it is once only pre- A mobile phone is positioned in the rear portion conveyer(602)The narrow side exit of pre-determined bit trapezoidal inclined plane, make each fixture every Secondary clamping operation only completes the clamping to a mobile phone.
It is traditional thread binding that 10. the waste mobile phone according to any one in claim 7~9 disassembles recovery automated job flowing water automatically Put, it is characterised in that:The first mobile phone clamping station(401)With the second mobile phone clamping station(411)Fixture all lead Will be by clamp base(510), fixture mobile terminal(520)And pneumatic operated valve(530)Composition, the side of opposite side movement is fixed using side Formula, clamping mode takes pneumatic pinch, the clamp base(510)It is parallel to each other comprising a mobile phone fixation indent and two Fixture mobile terminal(520)Guide groove, the fixture mobile terminal(520)Guide groove and mobile phone fix that indent is vertical fixed to be connected Connect, the fixture mobile terminal(520)Indent and two directive wheels, the fixture mobile terminal are fixed comprising another mobile phone(520) By two directive wheels along the clamp base(510)Guide groove movement, the fixture mobile terminal(520)Mobile phone fix Indent and the clamp base(510)Mobile phone fix indent between formed adapt to handset size movable grasp opening, it is described Pneumatic operated valve(530)Clamping force, the pneumatic operated valve for needed for being provided fixture(530)Thrust output end by screw acting in described Fixture mobile terminal(520), drive the fixture mobile terminal(520)Relatively described clamp base(510)Mobile phone fix indent it Between carry out open and close movement, in addition, in second streamline(410)The second mobile phone clamping station(411)Clamp base (510)With fixture mobile terminal(520)Two mobile phones fix in indent heated at constant temperature resistance wire formation heater be set, it is described Computer(403)Control heated at constant temperature resistance wire is heated to the contact side of mobile phone, makes mobile phone screen assembly frame and mobile phone The connecting portion jointing material of fuselage passes through heated at constant temperature Resistant heating after-tack, and reduces the viscosity of connecting portion jointing material.
11. waste mobile phone disassembles recovery automated job flow-line equipment automatically according to claim 10, it is characterised in that: Clamp the clamp base of mobile phone(510)Indent, bottom surface mobile phone are fixed using left surface mobile phone and fix indent and fixture movement End(520)Right flank movement indent form, while locating cellphone, give mobile phone towards clamp base(510)Clamping Power.
CN201510709826.XA 2015-06-29 2015-10-28 Waste mobile phone disassembles recovery method and its automated job flow-line equipment automatically CN105290081B (en)

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JP6174189B2 (en) * 2015-04-20 2017-08-02 ハン、ドン ヒ Display panel peeling device
CN105710115B (en) * 2016-04-11 2018-01-02 滁州伟峰资源回收设备有限公司 A kind of waste mobile phone disassembles Processes and apparatus
CN105750306B (en) * 2016-04-14 2017-12-15 国网江苏省电力公司电力科学研究院 Waste and old single-phase intelligent electric energy meter automation disassembly system and method
CN106734088A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-05-31 东莞市广信知识产权服务有限公司 A kind of recovery and treatment method of waste mobile phone
CN107932059B (en) * 2017-11-21 2020-03-17 俐通电脑科技(深圳)有限公司 Remanufacturing process for complete mobile phone
CN109648511A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-19 深圳科澜博科技有限公司 A kind of semi-automatic mobile phone of CT-020-A tears screen open, tears rear cover equipment open

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JP4860325B2 (en) * 2006-03-31 2012-01-25 シャープ株式会社 Recycling method and recycling apparatus for display substrate processed metal and / or metal compound
JP4494362B2 (en) * 2006-04-07 2010-06-30 シャープ株式会社 Part mounting mechanism
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CN201669265U (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-12-15 杭州环翔固体废物处置利用有限公司 Recovery treatment device for waste mobile phone battery
CN203125073U (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-08-14 吴江市创源电子有限公司 Disassembly jig for cell phone
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