CN105287687A - Processing method of honeysuckle flowers - Google Patents

Processing method of honeysuckle flowers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105287687A
CN105287687A CN201510669521.0A CN201510669521A CN105287687A CN 105287687 A CN105287687 A CN 105287687A CN 201510669521 A CN201510669521 A CN 201510669521A CN 105287687 A CN105287687 A CN 105287687A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flos lonicerae
processing
time
temperature
harvesting
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Application number
CN201510669521.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋宁丰
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广西乐业荣丰中药材科技有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201510669521.0A priority Critical patent/CN105287687A/en
Publication of CN105287687A publication Critical patent/CN105287687A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a processing method of honeysuckle flowers. The processing method comprises the following steps: picking, carrying out fixation by steam, carrying out air cooling, drying and removing humidity, and packaging and putting into storage. The processing method has the benefits that the dried finished product honeysuckle flowers are fresh in color, and almost the same as the picked fresh honeysuckle flowers in color, and the effective medicinal components of the honeysuckle flowers are kept to the greatest extent. Meanwhile, the production and processing time is short, only about one hour is needed from material charging to material discharging, the labor intensity is greatly alleviated, the floor area of equipment is small, and the energy consumption is reduced.

Description

A kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method
[technical field]
The present invention relates to Flos Lonicerae production and processing technical field.
[background technology]
Flos Lonicerae is one of traditional rare Chinese medicine, and belong to caprifoliaceae plant, herb all can be used as medicine, and its main component is chlorogenic acid, has effect of heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, wind-heat dissipating.Be mainly used in the diseases such as carbuncle furuncle, sore throat, erysipelas, toxic-heat and blood stasis, anemopyretic cold, epidemic febrile disease heating.Modern pharmacological research proves to have the effects such as resisting pathogenic microbes, antiinflammatory be antipyretic.Be widely used in the various infectious disease for the treatment of, with the raw material of Chinese patent medicine, food and drink, to removing human free radical, slow down aging, raising human immunologic function etc., there is good effect, market is in great demand to finished product Flos Lonicerae, has thus occurred various Flos Lonicerae processing method.
For the property of medicine of guarantee fund's Flos Lonicerae, Flos Lonicerae will be processed after plucking in time, be strictly on guard against the mildew and rot blackening of heating, reduce quality and drug effect, Flos Lonicerae processing method main at present comprises dry in the sun method or oven drying method, and dry in the sun method is not only subject to the impact of Changes in weather, shines the Flos Lonicerae color and luster and is difficult to maintain the original state, yield is lower simultaneously, and 5 jin of flowers could shine 1 jin of dry flower; Although oven drying method avoids the impact by weather condition, relative dry in the sun method is comparatively controlled, because processing is not good at, chlorogenic acid can by considerable damage, also honeysuckle flower product color and luster can be made poor simultaneously, even become sepia, have a strong impact on product quality, be difficult to ensure the stable and unified of quality of Flos Lonicerae, cause this high-quality authentic medicinal herbs could not produce due economic benefit and social benefit.
For this reason, our company is by research Flos Lonicerae physicochemical characteristics, ingredient properties, comprehensive and systematic experimental study is carried out to the conditional parameter of processing, to finding best harvesting and processing method, effectively reduce the loss of chlorogenic acid in processing and storage process and degeneration, to improve the medical material quanlity of Flos Lonicerae.
[summary of the invention]
The present invention is directed to problems of the prior art, a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method is provided, make the finished product Flos Lonicerae after oven dry bright in colour, with plucking, stylish fresh honeysuckle color and luster is about the same, remains effective medicinal ingredient of Flos Lonicerae to greatest extent, simultaneously, the production and processing time is short, and from the time being fed to discharging and only using about one hour, labor intensity reduces greatly, equipment occupation of land space is few, and energy consumption reduces.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method, comprises the following steps: harvesting, steam beating, air cooling-down, drying dehumidification, packaging warehouse-in.
Described harvesting: 6 to August is Flos Lonicerae collection period, during this period, when alabastrum is bleached by green, top is expanded, can pluck during the cyan of bottom, also to together gather if any open flower, within the same day, should the morning 9 time before pluck, now dew is not dry, unlikelyly injure immature alabastrum, and the fragrance of flower is the denseest, is also convenient to keep pattern.
Described steam beating: steam pressure is 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, the temperature that completes is 95 ~ 110 DEG C, and the time is 1.5 ~ 2.5min.
Described air cooling-down: Flos Lonicerae is after completing, and transport tape transmits, and make it expose in atmosphere, utilize air to lower the temperature, temperature fall time is 20 ~ 50 seconds.
Described drying dehumidification: bake out temperature is 120 ~ 130 DEG C, the time is 50 ~ 60 minutes.
Described packaging warehouse-in: the outlet temperature after oven dry is 100 DEG C, and Flos Lonicerae is discharged from outlet, directly packs packaging.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the finished product Flos Lonicerae after oven dry is bright in colour, with plucking, stylish fresh honeysuckle color and luster is about the same, can effective medicinal ingredient of preserving capital Flos Lonicerae to greatest extent, simultaneously, the production and processing time is short, and from the time being fed to discharging and only using about one hour, labor intensity reduces greatly, equipment occupation of land space is few, and energy consumption reduces.
In existing Flos Lonicerae process technology, Flos Lonicerae temperature after cause completes is higher and Flos Lonicerae is surperficial with a large amount of condensate water, after steam beating, namely dry, high-temperature hot air first directly can boil Flos Lonicerae, again moisture is slowly evaporated afterwards, cause the Flos Lonicerae color and luster after drying dimmed, effective medicinal ingredient degeneration or run off in a large number.If lowered the temperature by air immediately after steam beating, reduce the temperature of Flos Lonicerae and sweating water thereof, and then dry, the finished product Flos Lonicerae after oven dry is bright in colour, with plucking, stylish fresh honeysuckle color and luster is about the same, can effective medicinal ingredient of preserving capital Flos Lonicerae to greatest extent.
Wound skill 5JYHL125A type Honeysuckle drying machine, contact is all steel material.This machine structure is simple and direct, easy to operate, saving of labor, laborsaving, and contact adopts food stage rustless steel, and dry run hygienic environment-protecting is temperature automatically controlled, mechanical dehumidifying, automatic stone.Equipment drying and dewatering is rapid, easy to operate, Effec-tive Function.This model dehydrator is transformed; after green-keeping machine, along transmission direction, containment vessel is removed one section; make the open ports of 50 ~ 80 centimeter length; Flos Lonicerae out passes through this open ports immediately from green-keeping machine after completing; Flos Lonicerae after completing is exposed in atmosphere; utilize air to lower the temperature, be transported to afterwards in drying chamber and carry out drying dehumidification.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is Flos Lonicerae processing method process chart.
Following detailed description of the invention will further illustrate the present invention in conjunction with above-mentioned accompanying drawing.
[detailed description of the invention]
The following examples can help those skilled in the art more fully to understand the present invention, but cannot limit the present invention by any way.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method; adopt wound skill 5JYHL125A type Honeysuckle drying machine to process, this model dehydrator is transformed, after green-keeping machine, along transmission direction, containment vessel is removed one section; make the open ports of 50 ~ 80 centimeter length, specific process comprises the following steps:
Pluck: 6 to August is Flos Lonicerae collection period, and during this period, when alabastrum is bleached by green, top is expanded, and can pluck during the cyan of bottom, also will together gather if any open flower.Within on the same day, should the morning 9 time before pluck, now dew is not dry, unlikelyly injures immature alabastrum, and the fragrance of flower is the denseest, is also convenient to keep pattern.After plucking, if dust or other impurity are obvious on Flos Lonicerae, can clean with subsoil water or spring water or pure water.Certain harvesting also can be carried out according to the whole day that needs of output and processing progress.
Steam beating: the steam that boiler produces is inputted in green-keeping machine by utilidor, when the Pressure gauge display steam pressure of front end, input port is 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, slowly open switch, steam is inputted in green-keeping machine, and maintain gage pressure at 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, start transmitting device, start to add from charging aperture to pluck the Flos Lonicerae of returning, the temperature that completes is 95 ~ 110 DEG C, and the time is 1.5 ~ 2.5min.
Air cooling-down: Flos Lonicerae out passes through the open ports of 50 ~ 80 centimeter length eliminating containment vessel immediately after completing from green-keeping machine; Flos Lonicerae after completing is exposed in atmosphere; utilize air to lower the temperature, temperature fall time is 20 ~ 50 seconds, is transported to afterwards in drying chamber and carries out drying dehumidification.
Drying dehumidification: complete, lower the temperature after Flos Lonicerae deliver into drying chamber by automatic feeder, the pure hot blast utilizing air stove to produce, multilayer circulation overturns, and successively dries, drying indoor temperature controls at 120 ~ 130 DEG C, and Flos Lonicerae is 50 ~ 60 minutes in the time that drying chamber carries out drying; Open dehumidifier simultaneously, Flos Lonicerae is dried the moisture and take away in time, ensure the drying of drying room air.
Packaging warehouse-in: the Flos Lonicerae after oven dry is discharged from outlet by automatic discharge device, and outlet temperature is 100 DEG C, directly packs packaging, stored in storehouse.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method, specific process comprises the following steps:
Pluck: 6 to August is Flos Lonicerae collection period, and during this period, when alabastrum is bleached by green, top is expanded, and can pluck during the cyan of bottom, also will together gather if any open flower.Within on the same day, should the morning 9 time before pluck, now dew is not dry, unlikelyly injures immature alabastrum, and the fragrance of flower is the denseest, is also convenient to keep pattern.After plucking, carry out soaking and washing 2 minutes with subsoil water or spring water or pure water.
Steam beating: the steam that boiler produces is inputted in green-keeping machine by utilidor, when the Pressure gauge display steam pressure of front end, input port is 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, slowly open switch, steam is inputted in green-keeping machine, and maintain gage pressure at 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, start transmitting device, start to add Flos Lonicerae from charging aperture, the temperature that completes is 100 ~ 105 DEG C, and the time is 2min.
Air cooling-down: after completing from green-keeping machine out, the Flos Lonicerae after completing is exposed in atmosphere, and utilize air to lower the temperature, temperature fall time is 30 ~ 40 seconds to Flos Lonicerae, is transported to afterwards in drying chamber and carries out drying dehumidification.
Drying dehumidification: complete, lower the temperature after Flos Lonicerae deliver into drying chamber by automatic feeder, the pure hot blast utilizing air stove to produce, multilayer circulation overturns, and successively dries, drying indoor temperature controls at 120 ~ 130 DEG C, is 50 ~ 60 minutes in the time that drying chamber carries out drying; Open dehumidifier simultaneously, Flos Lonicerae is dried the moisture and take away in time, ensure the drying of drying room air.
Packaging warehouse-in: the Flos Lonicerae after oven dry is discharged from outlet by automatic discharge device, and outlet temperature is 100 DEG C, directly packs packaging, stored in storehouse.
Above-mentioned explanation is the detailed description for the better possible embodiments of the present invention, but embodiment is also not used to limit patent claim of the present invention, the equal change completed under technical spirit suggested by all the present invention or modification are changed, and all should belong to the present invention and contain the scope of the claims.

Claims (6)

1. a Flos Lonicerae processing method, comprises the following steps: harvesting, steam beating, air cooling-down, drying dehumidification, packaging warehouse-in, is characterized in that:
Described harvesting: 6 to August is Flos Lonicerae collection period, during this period, when alabastrum is bleached by green, top is expanded, can pluck during the cyan of bottom, also to together gather if any open flower, within the same day, should the morning 9 time before pluck, now dew is not dry, unlikelyly injure immature alabastrum, and the fragrance of flower is the denseest, is also convenient to keep pattern;
Described steam beating: the temperature that completes is 95 ~ 110 DEG C, the time is 1.5 ~ 2.5min;
Described air cooling-down: Flos Lonicerae, after completing, makes it expose immediately in atmosphere, utilizes air to lower the temperature, and temperature fall time is 20 ~ 50 seconds;
Described drying dehumidification: bake out temperature is 120 ~ 130 DEG C, the time is 50 ~ 60 minutes;
Described packaging warehouse-in: the outlet temperature after oven dry is 100 DEG C, and Flos Lonicerae is discharged from outlet, directly packs packaging.
2. a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described harvesting can be carried out according to the whole day that needs of output and processing progress.
3. a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in the temperature that completes be 100 ~ 105 DEG C, the time is 2min.
4. a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described air cooling-down time is 30 ~ 40 seconds.
5. a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: clean plucking the Flos Lonicerae returned with subsoil water or spring water or pure water after harvesting.
6. a kind of Flos Lonicerae processing method according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the time of cleaning Flos Lonicerae is 2min.
CN201510669521.0A 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Processing method of honeysuckle flowers CN105287687A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106511433A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-22 绥阳县绥花树型金银花农业发展有限公司 Processing method of flos lonicerae

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101537028A (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-23 重庆市农业科学院 Method for continuously drying honeysuckle mechanically
CN102326648A (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-01-25 秀山盛达农业开发有限公司 Production method of wild honeysuckle flower tea
CN102342972A (en) * 2011-10-16 2012-02-08 重庆市秀山红星中药材开发有限公司 Honeysuckle piece processing method
CN102406012A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-04-11 王勇 Production process of fresh honeysuckle tea

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101537028A (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-23 重庆市农业科学院 Method for continuously drying honeysuckle mechanically
CN102326648A (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-01-25 秀山盛达农业开发有限公司 Production method of wild honeysuckle flower tea
CN102342972A (en) * 2011-10-16 2012-02-08 重庆市秀山红星中药材开发有限公司 Honeysuckle piece processing method
CN102406012A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-04-11 王勇 Production process of fresh honeysuckle tea

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
周辛平等: "《农产品贮藏、加工与食品保健》", 31 December 2011, 甘肃文化出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106511433A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-22 绥阳县绥花树型金银花农业发展有限公司 Processing method of flos lonicerae

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