CN105284586A - Cultivation device and semiautomatic water-culture bean sprout cultivation method - Google Patents

Cultivation device and semiautomatic water-culture bean sprout cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105284586A
CN105284586A CN201510781885.8A CN201510781885A CN105284586A CN 105284586 A CN105284586 A CN 105284586A CN 201510781885 A CN201510781885 A CN 201510781885A CN 105284586 A CN105284586 A CN 105284586A
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cultivation
culture
housing
region
left
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CN201510781885.8A
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CN105284586B (en
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赵丽
刘尊严
陈书魁
陈玲
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乐农同创(北京)科技有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation device and a semiautomatic water-culture bean sprout cultivation method, and relate to a vegetable cultivation device and a cultivation method. One object of the present invention is to provide a cultivation device capable of improving and accurately controlling the yield of water-culture bean sprout and increasing the nutritional value of the water-culture bean sprout and a semiautomatic water-culture bean sprout cultivation method. The cultivation device of the present invention comprises a box, wherein a seed input door and a bean sprout output door are arranged on both side of the box, a plurality of upper and lower horizontal partition plates are arranged inside the box, cultivation regions are formed between every two adjacent horizontal partition plates, a spraying device is arranged inside each cultivation region, a slideway along a left-right direction is further arranged inside each the cultivation region, and a plating basket can slide from left to right. Each cultivation region is divided into a germination region, a growth region and a maturation region from left to right, a shading component is arranged around the inner side of the growth zone, and a light supplementing component capable of adjusting red and blue spectrums is arranged inside the growth region. The semiautomatic water-culture beam sprout cultivation method of the present invention comprises a pre-treatment stage, a cultivation stage, and a packaging stage.

Description

栽培装置及半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法 Semi-automatic culture apparatus and a method for hydroponic cultivation of sprouts

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种栽培装置及一种蔬菜栽培方法,特别是涉及一种用于水培芽苗菜生长过程中使用的栽培装置及培养此种芽苗菜的栽培方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a culture apparatus and a vegetable cultivation method, particularly to a hydroponic culture apparatus used for sprout growth and cultivation method for culturing such sprouts.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 芽苗菜是市场上常见的一类蔬菜,芽苗菜从选种到长成成品一般需要一周左右的时间,培养周期较短,成型较快。 [0002] sprouts on the market is a common vegetables, sprouts usually takes about a week to grow into the finished product from the selection, the culture period is shorter, faster molding. 常见的栽培方法是将种子放在托盘上并放入培养箱中培养,但培养箱中空间较小,只能进行对单一托盘的培养,培养的效率较低,产量小,无法适应大批量供货的需求,也无法有效控制产量。 The common method is to seed cultivation on the tray and placed in the incubator, but smaller incubator space, only the cultivation of a single tray, the lower the efficiency of training, production of small, unable to adapt to high-volume supply demand for goods, can not effectively control the production. 现用培养箱内的培养环境单一,而种子在发芽后进行的生长阶段需要经过催芽、生长和成熟三个阶段,三个阶段对培养环境的要求各不相同,单一的生长环境会降低芽苗菜的产量和品质。 Active single culture environment in the incubator, the growth stage after germination of seeds after germination required, three growth and maturation stage, three different stages of the culture environment, and also reduces the single sprout growth environment yield and quality of food.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种能够提高并精确控制水培芽苗菜产量、增加水培芽苗菜营养价值的栽培装置及一种半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a precise control of the culture apparatus and hydroponic sprouts yield, increase the nutritional value hydroponic sprouts and sprouts hydroponic cultivation method can improve a semi-automatic.

[0004] 本发明栽培装置,包括箱体,箱体左右两侧分别设置有种子输入门和芽菜输出门,箱体内部设置有上下多层水平隔板,相邻两层水平隔板之间形成栽培区,每个栽培区内设置有多个喷淋装置,每个栽培区内还沿左右方向设置有用于安装种植筐的滑道,所述种植筐能够在滑道上左右滑动,每个栽培区从左向右均分为催芽区、生长区和成熟区,所述催芽区内侧四周设置有遮光组件,且遮光组件左右两侧留有能够通过种植筐的空隙,所述生长区内设置有能够调节红蓝光谱的补光组件。 [0004] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, comprises a housing, the housing right and left sides are respectively provided with a seed input gates and output gates sprouts, inside the box provided with a horizontal partition multilayer vertically, between two adjacent horizontal partition forming cultivation area, each area is provided with a plurality of cultivation spray device, each of the left and right direction further cultivated area is provided with a guide rail for mounting the planting basket, the basket can be planted on a slide slidable in the left and right, each cultivation regions are divided from left to right region germination, growth zone and the mature region, the inner perimeter of said diaphragm assembly is provided with a germination zone, and the left and right sides of the diaphragm assembly can be left void by the cultivation of the basket, the growth zone is provided with a red and blue components can be adjusted fill light spectrum.

[0005] 本发明栽培装置,其中所述种植筐包括筐体,筐体具有底面和四个侧面,筐体的侧面上加工有多个网孔,筐体内部设置有隔断,所述隔断将筐体内部分割成多个种植区,筐体的底面、底面和侧面的连接处开设有多个渗水导流孔,渗水导流孔均匀的分布在各个种植区内,筐体的底面下侧设置有四个底座,四个底座对应的与四个侧面围成矩形的四个内角卡接匹配。 [0005] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein the housing comprises a housing cultivation, the housing having a bottom and four sides, the sides of the casing with a plurality of processing cell, the housing is provided with an internal partition, the partition of the housing growing areas into a plurality of portions of the body, connected to the bottom surface, the bottom surface and the side surface of the casing defines a plurality of seepage guiding holes, evenly distributed in the respective guiding holes seepage area planted, provided at the bottom surface side of the housing there four base, the base corresponding to the four sides surrounded by four rectangular snap four interior angles match.

[0006] 本发明栽培装置,其中所述筐体的侧面包括两个相对设置的高侧壁和两个相对设置的低侧壁,其中两个低侧壁上设置有开放式的观察口,两个高侧壁上对称设置有提手。 [0006] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein the housing comprises a side surface of the high and two low side walls oppositely disposed side walls two oppositely disposed, which is provided on the two side walls with an open lower viewing port, two there are symmetrically disposed on the high side walls handle.

[0007] 本发明栽培装置,其中每个栽培区左端安装有一个种子输入门,所述种子输入门的底部通过水平方向的转轴活动安装在栽培区下侧的水平隔板上,种子输入门能够绕转轴在栽培区左侧摆动,种子输入门的开启角度不大于90度。 [0007] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein the left end of each of the cultivation area has a gate input seed, the input seed bottom of the door in the horizontal direction by the rotating shaft movably mounted on the lower side of the horizontal partition cultivation area, the seeds can be input gate cultivation area around the shaft at the left swing door opening angle is not greater than the seed input 90 degrees.

[0008] 本发明栽培装置,其中每个栽培区右端安装有一个芽菜输出门。 [0008] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein each of the cultivation area is attached to a right output gate sprouts.

[0009] 本发明栽培装置,其中所述喷淋装置选用细雾喷头,用于补充水或营养液。 [0009] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein the fine mist spray nozzle selection means, for supplementing water or a nutrient solution.

[0010] 本发明栽培装置,其中所述补光组件选用LED植物生长灯或高压钠灯。 [0010] The culture apparatus according to the present invention, wherein the fill light LED grow lamp assembly or selection of high-pressure sodium lamps.

[0011] 本发明半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,包括 [0011] sprouts hydroponic cultivation method of the present invention is semi-automatic, comprising

[0012] 预处理阶段,包括选种、清洗、消毒、浸种和装筐; [0012] preprocessing stage including selection, washing, disinfection, seed soaking and housing means;

[0013] 培养阶段,包括催芽、生长和成熟三个步骤,所述培养阶段在栽培装置中进行,装有种子的种植筐首先进入栽培装置的催芽区,进行避光培养2-4天,种子出芽后将种植筐移动到栽培装置的生长区,进行补光培养4-5天,之后将装有成熟作物的种植筐移动到成熟区,等待收割和包装; [0013] culturing phase, comprising germination, growth and maturation of three steps, the culture stage cultivation apparatus, planted with seeds of the housing into the first zone germination culture apparatus, and incubated in the dark for 2-4 days, seeds after planting budding housing moves into the growth zone of the culture apparatus, fill light cultured for 4-5 days, after which the basket containing the mature crops planted moved to the mature region, waiting for the harvest and packing;

[0014] 包装阶段,将成品经过塑料封口机包装密封。 [0014] packaging stage, the finished package is sealed after the plastic sealing machine.

[0015] 本发明半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,其中所述清洗和浸种均采用营养液进行,其中浸种的时间为12小时,浸种时的温度为12_18°C。 [0015] The present invention sprouts semi hydroponic cultivation method, wherein the cleaning and nutrient solution are used for seed soaking, seed soaking time which is 12 hours, when the soaking temperature is 12_18 ° C.

[0016] 本发明半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,其中所述培养阶段中,催芽过程的温度控制在18-20°C,生长过程的温度控制在20-25°C。 [0016] The method of hydroponic cultivation of sprouts semi present invention, wherein the culturing phase, the temperature of the process is controlled germination 18-20 ° C, the temperature of the growth process was controlled at 20-25 ° C.

[0017] 本发明栽培装置及半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法与现有技术不同之处在于本发明栽培装置采用模块化设计,在箱体内部形成上下多层栽培区,并可以根据所需求的产量随时调整栽培区的层数,做到多层次化的立体种植,在相同的种植面积上将产量提高3到5倍。 [0017] Semi-automatic culture apparatus and a method of hydroponic cultivation of sprouts of the present invention differs from the prior art in that the cultivating apparatus of the present invention uses a modular design, the upper and lower multilayer cultivation area is formed inside the case, and according to the requirements yield cultivation area at any time adjust the number of layers, so that three-dimensional multi-level planting, improving 3-5 times in the same acreage will yield. 同时可以精确控制产量,避免不必要的浪费。 At the same time it can be precisely controlled production and avoid unnecessary waste. 栽培区分为催芽区、生长区和成熟区,同时根据芽苗菜培养的特点在各个区域内形成了适宜的培养环境,芽苗菜的整个生长过程完全在箱体内部完成,不受外部环境的影响,能够有效保证芽苗菜的产量。 Cultivated area is divided into germination, growth region and the mature region, while forming a suitable culture environment in sprout cultivation area in accordance with the respective characteristics of the whole growth process sprouts completed entirely inside the box, from the external environment influence, can guarantee the production of sprouts. 芽苗菜在生长初期需要在比较暗的环境下进行催芽,因此在催芽区内设置有遮光组件,营造出较暗的环境,利于芽苗菜催芽。 Sprouts need to be primed in a relatively dark environment in the initial stage of growth, and therefore provided with a diaphragm assembly in germination zone, creating a dark environment, conducive sprouts germination. 催芽过程结束后的芽苗菜将进入快速生长阶段,此时需要进行光合作用,因此在生长区内设置有补光组件,可以调节光线的红蓝光谱。 Sprouts germination after the end of the process will enter a rapid growth phase, when the need for photosynthesis, therefore provided with a fill light components in the growth zone may be adjusted red and blue light spectrum. 补光组件可以为芽苗菜进行必要的补光,促进芽苗菜花青素及蛋白质的形成,增加芽苗菜的营养价值。 Fill light components may be necessary to fill light sprouts, sprouts promote the formation of anthocyanins and protein, increase the nutritional value of sprouts. 本发明栽培装置采用喷淋装置进行补水,较传统的直接在种植框内加水栽培的方式,节水效果明显,同时整个培养过程中芽苗菜从种子到成品,完全采用水培,避免了土壤污染对芽苗菜品质的影响,食用更安全。 Cultivating apparatus of the present invention employs supply water spraying device, more traditional manner directly planted in the cultivation box with water, water saving effect and at the same time during the entire culture from the seed to sprout finished, completely hydroponics, soil avoided impact of pollution on the quality of the sprouts, food safer. 本发明半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法则采用了上述的栽培装置,在栽培装置中进行芽苗菜的培养阶段。 Semiautomatic hydroponic cultivation method of the present invention is used sprout cultivation apparatus described above, in the culturing stage of the culture apparatus of the sprouts. 同时本发明的栽培方法还具有预处理阶段和包装阶段两个步骤。 While the cultivation method of the present invention further includes a pre-processing stage and the packaging stage two steps. 在预处理阶段可以去掉残缺、有虫眼和空心的种子,将需要培养的种子放置在种植筐中,准备进行培养阶段。 In the pre-processing stage can be removed incomplete, insect eyes and hollow seeds, will need to develop planting seeds placed in the basket, ready for cultivation phase. 包装阶段则是在栽培装置后方设置塑料封口机,将成熟的芽苗菜在最短的时间内进行分装包装,防止新鲜度的降低和养分的流失。 Packaging stage is disposed behind the plastic sealing machine culture apparatus, the mature sprouts for dispensing packaged in the shortest possible time, to prevent and reduce the loss of nutrients freshness.

[0018] 下面结合附图对本发明的栽培装置及半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法作进一步说明。 [0018] The accompanying drawings for further explanation of the sprout cultivation apparatus and the cultivation method of the present invention is semi-automatic hydroponics binding.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019]图1为本发明实施例1中栽培装置的结构示意图(省去箱体前侧板); [0019] FIG. 1 is a schematic structure of a culture apparatus according to embodiment (omitted casing front side plate) of the present invention;

[0020]图2为本发明实施例2中栽培装置的结构示意图(省去箱体前侧板); [0020] FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration of the culture apparatus 2 according to embodiment (omitted front box side) of the present invention;

[0021]图3为本发明实施例3中栽培装置的结构示意图(省去箱体前侧板); [0021] Fig 3 a schematic view of Example 3 of the embodiment of the cultivating apparatus (omitted front box side) of the present invention;

[0022] 图4为图1中A向视图; [0022] FIG. 4 is a view of FIG. 1 A;

[0023] 图5为本发明栽培装置中种植筐的主视图; [0023] FIG. 5 is a front view of the culture apparatus of the present invention planted housing;

[0024]图6为本发明栽培装置中种植筐的俯视图; [0024] FIG. 6 is a top view of the growing culture apparatus of the present invention the housing;

[0025]图7为本发明栽培装置中种植筐的侧视图。 [0025] Figure 7 a side view of the housing of the planting culture apparatus of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0026] 实施例1,如图1所示,本发明栽培装置包括箱体1,箱体I左右两侧分别设置有种子输入门2和芽菜输出门8。 [0026] Example 1, as shown in Figure 1, the present invention comprises cultivating apparatus housing 1, the housing right and left sides are respectively provided I seed sprouts input gate and an output gate 8 2. 箱体I内部设置有上下多层水平隔板7,相邻两层水平隔板7之间形成栽培区。 I have provided vertically inside the box of multiple horizontal partition plate 7, is formed between two adjacent layers cultivation area the horizontal partition 7. 每个栽培区内设置有多个喷淋装置5。 Each zone is provided with a plurality of cultivation spray device 5. 喷淋装置5选用细雾喷头,用于向栽培区内补充水或营养液。 Using fine mist spray nozzle means 5, for supplementing water or a nutrient fluid to the cultivated area. 喷淋装置5位于栽培区上方的水平隔板7下方。 Spraying means 5 positioned above the horizontal partition plate 7 below the cultivation area. 每个栽培区内沿左右方向设置有滑道,滑道位于栽培区下方的水平隔板7上,滑道用于安装种植筐3。 Cultivation left-right direction of each area is provided with a chute, the chute is located below the level of the separator 7 on the cultivation area, slide housing 3 for mounting the planting. 如图5-7所示,种植筐3包括筐体,筐体具有底面17和四个侧面。 As shown in Figures 5-7, comprises a housing 3 housing the cultivation, the housing having a bottom surface 17 and four side surfaces. 筐体的侧面上加工有多个网孔15。 Processing on the side of the housing 15 has a plurality of cells. 网孔15是为了更好的通风,由于芽苗菜的种植密度非常大,在生长的过程中如果通风不好的话就会引起腐烂,同时网孔15也减轻了种植筐3的重量,减轻了搬运过程中的工作量。 15 mesh for better ventilation, due to the density of planting sprouts is very large, in the growth process if ventilation is not good, then it will cause decay, while 15 mesh planting also reduces the weight of the basket 3, reducing the during handling the workload. 筐体的侧面上边缘设置有加强筋14,加强筋14用于增强种植筐3的强度。 On the side edge is provided with a casing rib 14, the rib 14 for reinforcing the strength of the housing 3 of the cultivation. 筐体的侧面包括两个相对设置的高侧壁20和两个相对设置的低侧壁12。 A low side housing includes a side wall 12 disposed opposite the two high and two opposing side walls 20 disposed. 其中两个低侧壁12上设置有开放式的观察口13。 Wherein the two low side walls 12 is provided with an open viewing port 13. 低侧壁12的观察口13下边缘高为130_。 Low sidewall 12 of lower viewing port 13 as a high edge 130_. 由于芽苗菜长得比较细高,一般情况下130mm的高度正好挡住芽苗菜的茎部,保证芽苗菜不会倾倒到筐体外侧,并且芽苗菜的叶子部分可以伸出到观察口13外侧,保证芽苗菜通风良好、不易腐烂,同时可以充分受到光照,使芽苗菜可以充分的光合作用,营养价值更加丰富。 Since high sprouts grow relatively thin, generally 130mm height just blocking stem sprouts, does not guarantee the sprout poured into the outer casing, and a portion may protrude sprouts leaves the viewport 13 outside, ensure good ventilation sprouts, non-perishable, and can be fully exposed to light, the sprouts can fully photosynthesis, nutritional value richer. 观察口13还可用于观察筐体内芽苗菜的生长情况,也便于将芽苗菜取出。 Viewing ports 13 may also be used to observe the growth of sprouts housing body, and facilitating the sprouts removed. 两个高侧壁20上对称设置有提手21,方便种植筐3的搬运。 High two side walls 21 symmetrically provided with a handle 20 to facilitate handling the housing 3 of cultivation. 高侧壁20上边缘的高度为250mm,高于一般品种芽苗菜的生长高度,保证芽苗菜的正常的生长高度。 The height of the upper edge 20 of the high side walls 250mm, height generally higher than the growth sprouts varieties, to ensure the normal growth of the sprouts height. 这个高度即使种植筐3摞起来也不会伤到菜叶。 The height of the basket even planted 3 pile up the leaves will not hurt. 筐体内部设置有隔断18,隔断18的横截面为井字形。 Partition provided inside the housing 18, the partition 18 is a cross-sectional shape as well. 隔断18将筐体内部分割成六个种植区19,隔断18高度设置为80_,这样既可以避免芽苗菜在生长过程中倾倒,又可以防止部分芽苗菜的生长高度较高时,茎叶部搅在一起,不方便收割。 The partition 18 within the housing section is divided into six growing areas 19, the partition 18 is set to a height 80_, it can be avoided so that the pouring sprout during growth, but also can prevent the growth of sprouts part of greater height, leaf stir together portion, convenient harvesting. 筐体的底面17、底面17和高侧壁20的连接处、底面17和低侧壁12的连接处均开设有多个渗水导流孔16。 The bottom surface of the housing body 17, connected to the bottom surface 17 and side walls 20 of the high, low, and the bottom surface 17 of the side walls 12 are connected to a plurality of guiding holes 16 defines seepage. 渗水导流孔16均匀的分布在各个种植区19内。 16 evenly distributed in each growing region 19 seepage guiding holes. 渗水导流孔16可以将多余的水导流出去,防止筐体底部积水而引起烂根现象。 Isotonic guiding holes 16 can flow out the excess water, the bottom of the housing to prevent water rot caused by the phenomenon. 但渗水导流孔16的数量不能太多,数量过多会导致芽苗菜的根部从渗水导流孔16中长出,这样虽然不影响生长,但在收获的时候工作量较大。 But not the number of water seepage diversion hole 16 too many, too many can lead to root sprouts grow from water seepage diversion hole 16, although this does not affect growth, but the larger workload at harvest time. 而且孔径不能太大,直径在2-3mm即可。 But not too large pore diameter can be in the 2-3mm. 如果孔径太大,个别品种芽苗菜的种子太小会从渗水导流孔16中漏出。 If the aperture is too large, too small individual species sprout seeds seepage flow leaks from the hole 16. 如图5和图7所示,筐体的底面17下侧设置有四个底座11。 As shown in FIG. 5 and 7, the bottom surface of the housing 17 side of the lower base 11 is provided with four. 筐体的底面17的长度范围为400-470mm,宽度范围为300-400mm,这个尺度正好是搬运时双臂最能使用上力量的尺度。 Length of the bottom surface of the housing 17 is 400-470mm, a width in the range of 300-400mm, this scale is just arms can be used on most power scale during transportation. 四个底座11对应的与四个侧面围成矩形的四个内角卡接匹配,方便多个种植筐3配合使用。 Four base 11 corresponding to the four sides surrounded by four rectangular inner corner snap match, the housing 3 easily with the use of a plurality of planting. 底座11上加工有搬运口22,搬运口22位于筐体的高侧壁20所在的一侧的下方。 Machining the side of the lower housing body 22 is high lateral transfer port 20 where transport ports 22, 11 on the base. 搬运口22的横截面为长方形,其中长为20_,宽为6-8_。 Transfer port 22 the cross section is rectangular, wherein the length of 20_, 6-8_ width. 搬运口22不仅可以在催芽的时候把种植筐3摞起来进行密闭式催芽,还可以在横向移动的时候用钩子卡住这个长方形的搬运口22来拉动种植筐3移动。 Transfer port 22 can not only when the germination planting pile up the housing 3 for germination closed, the rectangle may be stuck transport port with hooks 22 at the time of lateral movement of the housing 3 is moved to pull the cultivation.

[0027] 每个栽培区内从左向右依次分为催芽区、生长区和成熟区,用于进行芽苗菜幼苗的培养。 [0027] Each zone from left to right into the cultivation area germination, growth region and the mature region, for culturing seedlings sprouts. 其中催芽区内侧四周设置有遮光组件4,以满足芽苗菜在生长初期所需要的环境,且如图4所示,遮光组件4左右两侧留有能够通过种植筐3的空隙9。 Wherein the inner region set around the light shielding germination assembly 4, in order to meet environmental sprout growth in the initial desired, and as shown, the light-shielding assembly about four sides of the housing leaving a gap through cultivation of 94 3. 遮光组件4选用不透明的塑料板。 Shielding assembly 4 selected opaque plastic sheet. 生长区内设置有补光组件6,以便于芽苗菜能够进行充分的光合作用。 Growing section 6 is provided with a fill light assembly, so that the photosynthesis can be sufficiently sprouts. 补光组件6选用能够调节红蓝光谱的LED植物生长灯,也可以选用高压钠灯。 Fill selection assembly 6 can be adjusted red and blue LED grow light spectrum, high pressure sodium lamp may be selected.

[0028] 本发明半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法包括 [0028] sprout cultivation method of the present invention comprises a semi-automatic hydroponics

[0029] I)预处理阶段,在预处理阶段中包括对种子的选种、清洗、消毒和装筐。 [0029] I) a pretreatment stage, the pretreatment stage comprising a selection of seeds, cleaning, disinfection, and loaded basket. 其中选种是将有残缺、有虫眼和空心的种子去掉,保留适于培养的种子。 Where there is incomplete selection, seeds and insect eyes hollow removed, is adapted to retain a seed culture. 清洗和浸种均采用营养液,浸种的时间为12小时,浸种时的温度为12-18°C。 Soaking and cleaning are used nutrient solution, seed soaking time of 12 hours, when the soaking temperature is 12-18 ° C. 浸种后的种子种进种植筐3中。 After soaking the seeds into the seed planted in the basket 3.

[0030] 2)培养阶段,包括催芽、生长和成熟三个步骤,三个步骤均在本发明的栽培装置中进行。 [0030] 2) culturing phase, comprising germination, growth and maturation three steps, three steps are performed in the cultivating apparatus of the present invention. 先将种植筐3由种子输入门2放入箱体I内的栽培区中,种植筐3首先进入催芽区。 First housing 3 from the seeds planted input gate 2 into housing I in the cultivation area, the planting first enters the basket 3 germination zone. 催芽区内的温度控制在18-20°C。 Germination temperature control zone at 18-20 ° C. 催芽过程一般持续3天左右。 Germination process usually lasts about three days. 经过催芽的芽苗菜需要进行光合作用,因此推动滑道上的种植筐3进入生长区。 After germination of sprouts need for photosynthesis, thus promoting planting basket on the slide 3 into the growth zone. 生长区内设置有补光组件6,为芽苗菜的生长提供所需的光,生长区内的温度控制在20-25°C。 Growth area fill light assembly 6 is provided with, for the growth of sprouts provide the desired light, temperature control in the growth zone 20-25 ° C. 生长过程一般持续4-5天。 The growth process typically lasts 4-5 days. 生长过程结束后,芽苗菜已经长成成品,此时推动种植筐3进入成熟区,等待从芽菜输出门8取出。 After growth, sprouts have grown into finished products, this time to promote the cultivation of the housing 3 into the mature region, waiting for the output of gate 8 is removed from the sprouts.

[0031] 3)包装阶段,将成品经过塑料封口机包装密封。 [0031] 3) packing phase, the finished package is sealed after the plastic sealing machine.

[0032] 实施例2,如图2所示,本实施例与实施例1不同之处在于:种子输入门2'分为多个,每个栽培区的左端均对应安装有一个种子输入门2'。 [0032] Example 2, FIG. 2, the present embodiment is as in Example 1 except that: seed input gate 2 'is divided into a plurality, a left end of each of the cultivation area corresponds mounted a seed input gate 2 '. 种子输入门2'的底部通过水平方向的转轴活动安装在栽培区下侧的水平隔板7上,种子输入门2'能够绕转轴在栽培区左侧摆动,种子输入门2'向左侧摆动的角度,即开启角度不大于90度,这样可以保证门板与栽培区下侧的水平隔板7之间形成一定的角度,种植筐3可以直接滑入栽培区内,使用十分方便。 'Horizontal partition activity shaft through the bottom horizontal side mounting region 7 of the cultivation, the seed input gate 2' seed input gate 2 can be swung around the shaft on the left cultivation area, seed input gate 2 'pivot to the left angle, i.e. an angle less than 90 degrees open, so that the separator can ensure that the level of the lower side of the door with the cultivation area is formed at an angle between 7, the housing 3 can be directly slid planting cultivated areas, is easy to use.

[0033] 实施例3,如图3所示,本实施例与实施例1不同之处在于:芽菜输出门8,分为多个,每个栽培区的右端均对应安装有一个种子输入门2,方便根据需要取出指定层数的种植筐3,而不影响其他层栽培区内的芽苗菜的生长。 [0033] Example 3, shown in Figure 3, the present embodiment is as in Example 1 except that: Sprout output gate 8, into a plurality of the right end of each of the cultivation area corresponds to one gate input seed mounted 2, 3 to facilitate, without affecting the growth of sprouts cultivated area other layers according to need to remove the specified number of planting basket.

[0034] 以上所述的实施例仅仅是对本发明的优选实施方式进行描述,并非对本发明的范围进行限定,在不脱离本发明设计精神的前提下,本领域普通技术人员对本发明的技术方案作出的各种变形和改进,均应落入本发明权利要求书确定的保护范围内。 Example [0034] The above are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described, not the scope of the present invention are defined, those of ordinary skill in the art to make technical solution of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the design of the present invention. various changes and modifications shall fall within the claims of the invention within the scope of protection determined.

Claims (10)

1.一种栽培装置,包括箱体,箱体左右两侧分别设置有种子输入门和芽菜输出门,其特征在于:箱体内部设置有上下多层水平隔板,相邻两层水平隔板之间形成栽培区,每个栽培区内设置有多个喷淋装置,每个栽培区内还沿左右方向设置有用于安装种植筐的滑道,所述种植筐能够在滑道上左右滑动,每个栽培区从左向右均分为催芽区、生长区和成熟区,所述催芽区内侧四周设置有遮光组件,且遮光组件左右两侧留有能够通过种植筐的空隙,所述生长区内设置有能够调节红蓝光谱的补光组件。 A culture apparatus, comprising a housing, the housing right and left sides are respectively provided with a seed input gates and output gates bean sprouts, characterized in that: the inner bin is provided with a horizontal partition multilayer vertically adjacent two horizontal compartments cultivation area is formed between the plates, each provided with a plurality of cultivated area spray device, each of the left and right direction further cultivated area is provided with a guide rail for mounting the planting basket, the basket can be planted in the right and left slidable on the slide, each cultivation area from left to right were divided region germination, growth zone and the mature region, the inner perimeter of said diaphragm assembly is provided with a germination zone, and a gap can be left around the light-shielding assembly by growing the basket sides, said growth region the assembly is provided with a fill capable of adjusting the red and blue light spectrum.
2.根据权利要求1所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:所述种植筐包括筐体,筐体具有底面和四个侧面,筐体的侧面上加工有多个网孔,筐体内部设置有隔断,所述隔断将筐体内部分割成多个种植区,筐体的底面、底面和侧面的连接处开设有多个渗水导流孔,渗水导流孔均匀的分布在各个种植区内,筐体的底面下侧设置有四个底座,四个底座对应的与四个侧面围成矩形的四个内角卡接匹配。 2. The culture apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said housing comprises a housing planting, the housing having a bottom and four sides, the sides of the casing with a plurality of processing cell, is provided inside the housing partition, said partition into a plurality of portions of the housing body growing areas, connected to the bottom surface, the bottom surface and the side surface of the casing defines a plurality of seepage guiding holes, evenly distributed in the respective guiding holes seepage planting area, the housing a base provided with four side lower base body, the base corresponding to the four sides surrounded by four rectangular snap four interior angles match.
3.根据权利要求2所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:所述筐体的侧面包括两个相对设置的高侧壁和两个相对设置的低侧壁,其中两个低侧壁上设置有开放式的观察口,两个高侧壁上对称设置有提手。 3. The culture apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: said housing comprises a high side and two low side walls oppositely disposed side walls two oppositely disposed, wherein the lower side walls disposed on both open viewing port, two symmetrically provided with a handle on the high side walls.
4.根据权利要求1所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:每个栽培区左端安装有一个种子输入门,所述种子输入门的底部通过水平方向的转轴活动安装在栽培区下侧的水平隔板上,种子输入门能够绕转轴在栽培区左侧摆动,种子输入门的开启角度不大于90度。 The cultivating apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: each of the left end of the cultivation area has a gate input seed, the input seed horizontal partition activity bottom of the door via a shaft mounted in the horizontal direction of the lower side of the cultivation area board, seed input shaft door to be swung around the left cultivation area, the door opening angle is not greater than the seed input 90 degrees.
5.根据权利要求1或4所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:每个栽培区右端安装有一个芽菜输出门。 The culture apparatus of claim 1 or claim 4, wherein: each of the cultivation area is attached to a right output gate sprouts.
6.根据权利要求1所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:所述喷淋装置选用细雾喷头,用于补充水或营养液。 6. The culture apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said selection means fine mist spray nozzles for water or a nutrient supplement solution.
7.根据权利要求1所述的栽培装置,其特征在于:所述补光组件选用LED植物生长灯或高压钠灯。 7. The culture apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said fill light LED grow lamp assembly or selection of high-pressure sodium lamps.
8.一种半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,其特征在于:包括预处理阶段,包括选种、清洗、消毒、浸种和装筐; 培养阶段,包括催芽、生长和成熟三个步骤,所述培养阶段在栽培装置中进行,装有种子的种植筐首先进入栽培装置的催芽区,进行避光培养2-4天,种子出芽后将种植筐移动到栽培装置的生长区,进行补光培养4-5天,之后将装有成熟作物的种植筐移动到成熟区,等待收割和包装; 包装阶段,将成品经过塑料封口机包装密封。 A semi-automatic method for hydroponic cultivation of sprouts, characterized in comprising: a pre-processing stage including selection, washing, disinfection, seed soaking and housing means; culture phase, comprising germination, growth and maturation of three steps, the culture stage cultivation apparatus, basket planted with seed germination zone first enters the culture apparatus, incubated in the dark for 2-4 days after planting the seed sprouting housing moves into the growth zone of the culture apparatus, culture fill light 4- 5 days after planting with the casing to move the mature crops mature region, waiting for the harvest and packing; packaging stage, the finished package is sealed after the plastic sealing machine.
9.根据权利要求8所述的半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,其特征在于:所述清洗和浸种均采用营养液进行,其中浸种的时间为12小时,浸种时的温度为12-18°C。 9. The method of claim semiautomatic sprout cultivation hydroponics according to claim 8, wherein: said Soaking and cleaning are performed using the nutrient solution, wherein the seed soaking time of 12 hours, when the soaking temperature is 12-18 ° C.
10.根据权利要求8所述的半自动水培芽苗菜栽培方法,其特征在于:所述培养阶段中,催芽过程的温度控制在18-20°C,生长过程的温度控制在20-25°C。 10. The semi-automatic sprout cultivation method according to claim 8 hydroponics, wherein: the culture stage, temperature controlled process germination 18-20 ° C, the temperature in the growth process control 20-25 ° C.
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