CN105284519A - Method for planting and cultivating mulberry sprouts on ubac area - Google Patents

Method for planting and cultivating mulberry sprouts on ubac area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105284519A
CN105284519A CN201510599302.XA CN201510599302A CN105284519A CN 105284519 A CN105284519 A CN 105284519A CN 201510599302 A CN201510599302 A CN 201510599302A CN 105284519 A CN105284519 A CN 105284519A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mulberry
soil
ditch
days
root
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510599302.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张秀民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yingshang Xiumin Fruit Mulberry Specialized Cooperatives
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Yingshang Xiumin Fruit Mulberry Specialized Cooperatives
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Publication date
Application filed by Yingshang Xiumin Fruit Mulberry Specialized Cooperatives filed Critical Yingshang Xiumin Fruit Mulberry Specialized Cooperatives
Priority to CN201510599302.XA priority Critical patent/CN105284519A/en
Publication of CN105284519A publication Critical patent/CN105284519A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

A method for planting and cultivating mulberry sprouts on a ubac area is provided. The method comprises the following steps of deep ploughing soil, applying enough base fertilizers, preparing the soil and digging draining and irrigating trenches. Mulberry sprout root pars are buried into mulberry row line soil; soil is placed and the roots are slightly lifted up, so the roots can extend; the soil is solidly stepped and then loosen soil is placed again; the newly-placed soil is 3cm higher than the root stem parts; enough root fixing water is sprayed; the plants are sheared within two days after plantation; the plants are kept at the height of 10 to 20cm; tip ends are sheared to achieve unified height; during mulberry sprout, sprouting-promoting fertilizers are applied; 15kg of urea is applied for each mu; then the soil is stepped; and chemical fertilizer is applied one time within three days. By the use of the mulberry culturing method, moisture in the soil can be fully utilized; survival rate of mulberries in the previous period can be effectively improved with cooperation of fertilizers; investment cost can be reduced; through experiment, investment cost can be reduced by 3/5; survival rate can be as high as 85%; service life of the mulberries can be as long as 15 years; 30,000 to 40,000 yuan/year is invested and 80,000 to 100,000 yuan can be benefited each year, so high benefits can be achieved; in the middle period, less insect damage happen, so high earnings can be achieved and mulberry leaf quality can be obviously improved.

Description

The method of mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of ubac face
Technical field:
The present invention relates to mulberry tree planting technology, be specifically related to the method that mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of a kind of ubac face.
Background technology:
Mulberry tree is perennial woody plant, is life-span longer seeds, its longest-lived of mulberry tree of self-sow reach more than thousand.The mulberry tree of cultivation is cut down by manually cutting, and the impacts such as long-term picking leaves, the life-span is much short, but the phase of abounding with also has more than 10 years.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that part takes the defect of prior art, provides a kind of ubac face to plant the method for cultivating mulberry saplings.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions.
The method of mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of ubac face, it is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
1) deep ploughing soil, promote cubsoil oxidation, strengthen air capacity of soils and water penetration, while farming, be constantly sprinkled into gardenia spray, spray length is no more than 3cm;
2) use sufficient base manure, the pig cow dung that requirement is fully become thoroughly decomposed and farmyard manure 20-30 load make base manure, in conjunction with deep ploughing by fertilizer buried soil;
3) wholely, irrigation and drainage ditch is excavated.Require meticulous wholely, smooth without face, weeds railway carriage or compartment.Whole railway carriage or compartment width 1.3-1.6 meters, ditch depth 20-30 centimetres, field surrounding excavates the cross ditch between irrigation and drainage ditch and Tanaka, depth ratio railway carriage or compartment ditch depth 10 centimetres;
4) dig 10cm hole in ditch both sides, spread fresh milk 120-150 part, mulberry leaf 4-7 part, feverfew 3-6 part, kuh-seng 6-9 part, golden cypress 5-8 part in hole, banket buried;
5) buried 10-12 days, then 20cm hole is dug in ditch position, in hole, spread the shrivelled tomato of 30-50 part, 60-70 part liquid dung, after 1-2 days, add 10-20 part salt again, coordinate 10-20 part fresh milk, fill out hole;
6) after 1-2 days, mulberry saplings is planted in ditch, uses sufficient base manure simultaneously;
7) after 10-11 days, extract mulberry saplings, at shoot root portion parcel one circle Plain mud, be mixed into the fresh milk of weight 10% in the mud of Plain, again mulberry saplings implanted in ditch after parcel;
8) method for planting, mulberry sapling root is imbedded in mulberry line soil, and blinding is gently carried and root is stretched, and treads water spinach one deck again and loosens the soil, require that water spinach crosses 3 centimetres, rhizome portion, drench sufficient normal root water, plant in latter 2 days carry out plant cut fixed, stay plant height 10-20 centimetres, cut off top end, reach uniform height;
9) vernalization fertilizer is executed when mulberry tree germinates, mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, step on again later one make leaf after impose chemical fertilizer 1 time in 3 days, each mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, superphosphate 10 kilograms or composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, also can add composite fertilizer 12 kilograms with 10 kilograms, urea or execute liquid dung 30-40 and carry on a shoulder pole.
Base manure comprises: piss element, two ammoniums, spread composite fertilizer.
Mulberry sapling root is imbedded ditch apply fertilizer to the solution of blade face by Mg, Zn and M of comprising mass ratio 0-0.5:0-0.5:0-0.2 simultaneously, root is applied fertilizer by the solution comprising mass ratio 1-5:0-3.5:1.4-2.9N, P and K.
The invention has the advantages that: utilize this mulberry tree breeding method, make full use of the moisture in soil, fertilizer in engagement process, effectively improves the survival rate of mulberry tree in early stage, simultaneously, reduce cost of investment, through test, cost of investment reduces 3/5, survival rate more than 88%, life-span reaches 15 years, every mu of input cost 3-4 ten thousand yuan/year, benefit 8-10 ten thousand yuan/year, high efficiency, mid-term, damage by disease and insect was few simultaneously, income is high, and quality of mulberry leaf is significantly improved, and adopts this method for a long time, drug ingedient in soil is absorbed by mulberry leaf, and mulberry leaf have certain medical value.
Embodiment:
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Specific embodiment 1:
The method of mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of ubac face, specifically comprises the following steps:
1) deep ploughing soil, promote cubsoil oxidation, strengthen air capacity of soils and water penetration, while farming, be constantly sprinkled into gardenia spray, spray length is no more than 3cm;
2) use sufficient base manure, the pig cow dung that requirement is fully become thoroughly decomposed and farmyard manure 20 load make base manure, in conjunction with deep ploughing by fertilizer buried soil;
3) wholely, irrigation and drainage ditch is excavated.Require meticulous wholely, smooth without face, weeds railway carriage or compartment.Whole railway carriage or compartment width 1.3-1.6 meters, ditch depth 20-30 centimetres, field surrounding excavates the cross ditch between irrigation and drainage ditch and Tanaka, depth ratio railway carriage or compartment ditch depth 10 centimetres;
4) dig 10cm hole in ditch both sides, spread fresh milk 120 parts, 4 parts, mulberry leaf, feverfew 3 parts, kuh-seng 6 parts, golden cypress 5 parts in hole, banket buried;
5) buried 10-12 days, then 20cm hole is dug in ditch position, in hole, spread 30 portions of shrivelled tomatoes, 60 parts of liquid dungs, add 10 portions of salt again after 1-2 days, coordinate 10 portions of fresh milks, fill out hole;
6) after 1-2 days, mulberry saplings is planted in ditch, uses sufficient base manure simultaneously;
7) after 10-11 days, extract mulberry saplings, at shoot root portion parcel one circle Plain mud, be mixed into the fresh milk of weight 10% in the mud of Plain, again mulberry saplings implanted in ditch after parcel;
8) method for planting, mulberry sapling root is imbedded in mulberry line soil, and blinding is gently carried and root is stretched, and treads water spinach one deck again and loosens the soil, require that water spinach crosses 3 centimetres, rhizome portion, drench sufficient normal root water, plant in latter 2 days carry out plant cut fixed, stay plant height 10-20 centimetres, cut off top end, reach uniform height;
9) vernalization fertilizer is executed when mulberry tree germinates, mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, step on again later one make leaf after impose chemical fertilizer 1 time in 3 days, each mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, superphosphate 10 kilograms or composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, also can add composite fertilizer 12 kilograms with 10 kilograms, urea or execute liquid dung 30 and carry on a shoulder pole.
Base manure comprises: piss element, two ammoniums, spread composite fertilizer.
Mulberry sapling root is imbedded ditch apply fertilizer to the solution of blade face by Mg, Zn and M of comprising mass ratio 0-0.5:0-0.5:0-0.2 simultaneously, root is applied fertilizer by the solution comprising mass ratio 1-5:0-3.5:1.4-2.9N, P and K.
Specific embodiment 2:
The method of mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of ubac face, specifically comprises the following steps:
1) deep ploughing soil, promote cubsoil oxidation, strengthen air capacity of soils and water penetration, while farming, be constantly sprinkled into gardenia spray, spray length is no more than 3cm;
2) use sufficient base manure, the pig cow dung that requirement is fully become thoroughly decomposed and farmyard manure 30 load make base manure, in conjunction with deep ploughing by fertilizer buried soil;
3) wholely, irrigation and drainage ditch is excavated.Require meticulous wholely, smooth without face, weeds railway carriage or compartment.Whole railway carriage or compartment width 1.3-1.6 meters, ditch depth 20-30 centimetres, field surrounding excavates the cross ditch between irrigation and drainage ditch and Tanaka, depth ratio railway carriage or compartment ditch depth 10 centimetres;
4) dig 10cm hole in ditch both sides, spread fresh milk 150 parts, 7 parts, mulberry leaf, feverfew 6 parts, kuh-seng 9 parts, golden cypress 8 parts in hole, banket buried;
5) buried 10-12 days, then 20cm hole is dug in ditch position, in hole, spread 50 portions of shrivelled tomatoes, 70 parts of liquid dungs, add 20 portions of salt again after 1-2 days, coordinate 20 portions of fresh milks, fill out hole;
6) after 1-2 days, mulberry saplings is planted in ditch, uses sufficient base manure simultaneously;
7) after 10-11 days, extract mulberry saplings, at shoot root portion parcel one circle Plain mud, be mixed into the fresh milk of weight 10% in the mud of Plain, again mulberry saplings implanted in ditch after parcel;
8) method for planting, mulberry sapling root is imbedded in mulberry line soil, and blinding is gently carried and root is stretched, and treads water spinach one deck again and loosens the soil, require that water spinach crosses 3 centimetres, rhizome portion, drench sufficient normal root water, plant in latter 2 days carry out plant cut fixed, stay plant height 10-20 centimetres, cut off top end, reach uniform height;
9) vernalization fertilizer is executed when mulberry tree germinates, mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, step on again later one make leaf after impose chemical fertilizer 1 time in 3 days, each mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, superphosphate 10 kilograms or composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, also can add composite fertilizer 12 kilograms with 10 kilograms, urea or execute liquid dung 40 and carry on a shoulder pole.
Base manure comprises: piss element, two ammoniums, spread composite fertilizer.
Mulberry sapling root is imbedded ditch apply fertilizer to the solution of blade face by Mg, Zn and M of comprising mass ratio 0-0.5:0-0.5:0-0.2 simultaneously, root is applied fertilizer by the solution comprising mass ratio 1-5:0-3.5:1.4-2.9N, P and K.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. the method for mulberry saplings is cultivated in the plantation of ubac face, it is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
1) deep ploughing soil, promote cubsoil oxidation, strengthen air capacity of soils and water penetration, while farming, be constantly sprinkled into gardenia spray, spray length is no more than 3cm;
2) use sufficient base manure, the pig cow dung that requirement is fully become thoroughly decomposed and farmyard manure 20-30 load make base manure, in conjunction with deep ploughing by fertilizer buried soil;
3) wholely, irrigation and drainage ditch is excavated.Require meticulous wholely, smooth without face, weeds railway carriage or compartment.Whole railway carriage or compartment width 1.3-1.6 meters, ditch depth 20-30 centimetres, field surrounding excavates the cross ditch between irrigation and drainage ditch and Tanaka, depth ratio railway carriage or compartment ditch depth 10 centimetres;
4) dig 10cm hole in ditch both sides, spread fresh milk 120-150 part, mulberry leaf 4-7 part, feverfew 3-6 part, kuh-seng 6-9 part, golden cypress 5-8 part in hole, banket buried;
5) buried 10-12 days, then 20cm hole is dug in ditch position, in hole, spread the shrivelled tomato of 30-50 part, 60-70 part liquid dung, after 1-2 days, add 10-20 part salt again, coordinate 10-20 part fresh milk, fill out hole
6) after 1-2 days, mulberry saplings is planted in ditch, uses sufficient base manure simultaneously;
7) after 10-11 days, extract mulberry saplings, at shoot root portion parcel one circle Plain mud, be mixed into the fresh milk of weight 10% in the mud of Plain, again mulberry saplings implanted in ditch after parcel;
8) method for planting, mulberry sapling root is imbedded in mulberry line soil, and blinding is gently carried and root is stretched, and treads water spinach one deck again and loosens the soil, require that water spinach crosses 3 centimetres, rhizome portion, drench sufficient normal root water, plant in latter 2 days carry out plant cut fixed, stay plant height 10-20 centimetres, cut off top end, reach uniform height;
9) vernalization fertilizer is executed when mulberry tree germinates, mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, step on again later one make leaf after impose chemical fertilizer 1 time in 3 days, each mu executes 15 kilograms, urea, superphosphate 10 kilograms or composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, also can add composite fertilizer 12 kilograms with 10 kilograms, urea or execute liquid dung 30-40 and carry on a shoulder pole.
2. cultivate the method for mulberry saplings according to the ubac face plantation described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described base manure comprises: piss element, two ammoniums, spread composite fertilizer.
3. the method for mulberry saplings is cultivated according to the ubac face plantation described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ditch that mulberry sapling root is imbedded applies fertilizer to the solution of blade face by Mg, Zn and M of comprising mass ratio 0-0.5:0-0.5:0-0.2 simultaneously, applies fertilizer by the solution comprising mass ratio 1-5:0-3.5:1.4-2.9N, P and K to root.
CN201510599302.XA 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Method for planting and cultivating mulberry sprouts on ubac area Pending CN105284519A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613677A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 柳州市香柳苗木种植专业合作社 Planting and cultivation method of mulberry trees
CN106718533A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 河池市技术开发中心 A kind of mulberry tree implantation methods
CN107242085A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-13 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 The method that the hillside back cultivates podocarpus nursery stock
CN107242086A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-13 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 The method that the hillside back cultivates pine and cypress nursery stock
CN107637546A (en) * 2016-07-20 2018-01-30 湖南省任龙农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of construction of Sang Ji fishes ditch
CN112931007A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-11 杭州国慷网络科技有限公司 Method for cultivating mechanically harvested mulberry field

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107637546A (en) * 2016-07-20 2018-01-30 湖南省任龙农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of construction of Sang Ji fishes ditch
CN106718533A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 河池市技术开发中心 A kind of mulberry tree implantation methods
CN106613677A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 柳州市香柳苗木种植专业合作社 Planting and cultivation method of mulberry trees
CN107242085A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-13 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 The method that the hillside back cultivates podocarpus nursery stock
CN107242086A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-13 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 The method that the hillside back cultivates pine and cypress nursery stock
CN112931007A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-11 杭州国慷网络科技有限公司 Method for cultivating mechanically harvested mulberry field
CN112931007B (en) * 2021-02-07 2022-05-03 杭州国慷网络科技有限公司 Method for cultivating mechanically harvested mulberry field

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