One removes the multiple receiving apparatus of soil
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, relate to a kind of effectively can reduce soil-containing rate in crop harvesting process and leak fruit rate remove the multiple receiving apparatus of soil.
Along with the development of Tendency of Agricultural Machinery in China process, also cumulative year after year is applied in the research of harvester for rhizome crops tool.Due to reasons such as soil characteristics and root crop breed differences, during root crop results, to there is soil block excessive, soil-containing rate, falls fruit rate, leaks the problems such as fruit rate is high.Current existing harvest machinery effectively could not solve crop soil-containing rate, leak the high problem of fruit rate, needs manually to carry out multiple receipts and secondary operations removes soil, and the amount of labour is large, wastes time and energy.
The patent No. is that the patent of invention of 201310633475.X discloses a kind of secondary harvest device for peanut harvester, for separating of peanut seedling, weeds and the peanut that comes off, carry the secondary separation of fruit and soil block through separator, cleaning plant, vibrating device and secondary separation.Its separator comprises mesh grid, is cleaned by sorting screen, and by endplay device and the eccentric structure realization vibration of cranking arm, secondary separation and conveying plant comprise cage and screw, complete secondary separation by cage and screw.This device is exclusively used in harvesting peanut and is incorporated as industry again, complex structure, and floor space is large.In addition, also do not have in present stage rhizome harvester tool to realize soil and the multiple apparatus for work received simultaneously, existingly go native device cannot be incorporated as industry again; Existing multiple receiving apparatus cannot realize native function.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the problem for prior art, provide a kind of have native function concurrently and receive function again remove the multiple receiving apparatus of soil.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: one removes the multiple receiving apparatus of soil, comprise frame, the actuating unit of the multiple receiving apparatus of soil is gone to connect a power take-off, frame front end is provided with digger blade, frame front and back end is provided with clamping convey device, Power output beam warp belt pulley and clamping travelling gear are connected to clamping convey device, drive clamping convey device motion; The fruit rice shoot of clamping convey device clamping results, carries from frame front end to the back-end by fruit; Frame is provided with vibratory sieve, and the fruit end that unloads of vibratory sieve is connected to the lifting device being positioned at frame rear end; The below of clamping convey device is provided with native device;
Go native device to comprise two-side transmission chain, remove native roller, final drive shaft and counter drive shaft, main transmission is coupling the power take-off of the multiple receiving apparatus of soil, the two ends of final drive shaft are main drive gear, the two ends of counter drive shaft are auxiliary driving gear, two-side transmission chain ring around outside main drive gear and auxiliary driving gear, many go native roller laterally, be uniformly arranged between two-side transmission chain;
Go native roller to be wave column, the limit, two, left and right in wave column vertical section is symmetrical wave wave-like, has crest and trough, and vertical section rotates 180 ° around its longitudinal symmetry axis and obtains wave column and remove native roller;
Remove native device, be connected to vibratory sieve near one end of main drive gear through delivery board.
Preferably: from frame front end to the direction of rear end, clamping convey device is the structure tilted upward, and from the front end of frame to rear extreme direction, goes the spacing of the multiple receiving apparatus of soil and clamping convey device to reduce gradually.
Further: go the plane at native roll row row place and the angle of clamping convey device place plane to be 8 °.
Preferably: adjacent two are removed native roller, one is gone the crest of native roller and another to go the trough of native roller relative, and the distance between crest and trough is no more than 10mm.Namely this spacing can ensure that the fruit gathered in the crops does not fall, and makes again soil block drop in gap, prevents excesssive gap from causing fruit to drop.According to the size of the root crop fruit of results, the spacing between native roller can also be regulated, adopt 10mm can ensure that less peanut fruit also can not fall, therefore can ensure that it had both been applicable to larger root crop fruit and has also been applicable to less root crop fruit, strengthen its versatility.
Preferably: power take-off is greater than the gearratio of power take-off and main drive gear with the gearratio of clamping travelling gear, thus makes the movement velocity of movement velocity higher than clamping convey device of native device.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) this device can realize going native function while results conveying, and has multiple receipts function concurrently, can complete root crop soil, multiple flow process operation of receiving from be unearthed to going.
(2) devise and wavyly remove native roller, adjacently go native roller to be staggered, realize going native function fast by its high-speed motion.Wave post goes the movement velocity of native roller fast compared with the movement velocity of clamping convey device, can make to form differential motion therebetween, the fruit on clamping convey device and soil block and waveform is made to go native roller fully to touch, realize fruit soil to be separated, isolated soil block can drop in the gap between native roller from adjacent going.
(3) adjacent two are gone the spacing between native roller to ensure to make fruit abscission, collect the fruit dropped, reduce and leak fruit rate.The fruit dropped from clamping convey device moves to after transmission removes native roller end, moves to vibratory sieve through delivery board, completes after secondary removes soil, is transported to fruit gatherer through lifting device.
(4) going soil multiple is not absolute parallel between receiving apparatus and clamping convey device, and from the front end of frame to the back-end, the spacing between the two reduces gradually.Because the crop of being just unearthed is higher containing soil amount, the crop of clamping can contact with going the multiple receiving apparatus of soil.Along with crop is transmitted backward, the soil be attached on fruit is gone native roller to remove gradually, the length being positioned at the crop above the multiple receiving apparatus of soil reduces gradually, if do not adjust the multiple spacing between receiving apparatus and clamping convey device of soil, then there will be the crop that native roller cannot contact results, native function can not be realized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention looks up structural representation.
Fig. 3 is for removing native roller cutaway view.
Fig. 4 is for removing native roll structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is for removing native roll row array structure schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1-frame, 2-power take-off, 3-clamping convey device, 4-belt pulley, 5-clamps travelling gear, 6-vibratory sieve, 7-lifting device, 8-final drive shaft, 9-counter drive shaft, 10-driving chain, 11-delivery board, 12-removes native roller, and 1201-removes native roller sideline I, 1202-removes native roller sideline II, 1203-goes native roller sideline III, 1204-to go native roller sideline IV, 1205-to go to the left side, native roller vertical section, 1206-goes on the right of native roller vertical section, 1207-removes the longitudinal symmetry axis in native roller vertical section, 13-main drive gear, 14-auxiliary driving gear
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is further detailed.
Remove the multiple receiving apparatus of soil, for going soil and multiple receipts in root crop results process.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise frame 1, clamping convey device 3 and remove native device.Go the actuating unit of the multiple receiving apparatus of soil to connect a power take-off 2, frame 1 front end is provided with digger blade, and frame 1 front and back end is provided with clamping convey device 3.After crop is dug out by digger blade, clamping convey device 3 clamps the fruit rice shoot of results, is carried to the back-end by fruit from frame 1 front end.
By the front end of frame 1 to rear end, clamping convey device 3 can be direction parallel to the ground or the structure tilted upward, and goes native device to be positioned at the below of clamping convey device 3, parallel with clamping convey device 3.
Power take-off 2 is whole power sources removing the multiple receiving apparatus of soil, for vibratory sieve 6, clamping convey device 3 with go native device etc. to provide power.Be connected to clamping convey device 3 through belt pulley 4 and clamping travelling gear 5, drive clamping convey device 3 to move, conveying fruit rice shoot.
Go native device to comprise two-side transmission chain 10, remove native roller 12, final drive shaft 8 and counter drive shaft 9, final drive shaft 8 connects the power take-off 2 of multiple receiving apparatus, the two ends of final drive shaft 8 are main drive gear 13, the two ends of counter drive shaft 9 are auxiliary driving gear 14, two-side transmission chain 10 is looped around main drive gear 13 with outside auxiliary driving gear 14, many go native roller 12 laterally, to be uniformly arranged between two-side transmission chain 10.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, native roller 12 is gone to be wave column, the left side 1205 in wave column vertical section and limit, 1,206 two, the right are symmetrical wave wave-like as can be seen from Figure 3, have crest and trough, and vertical section rotates 180 ° around its longitudinal symmetry axis 1207 and obtains wave column and remove native roller 12.
In Fig. 5, remove native roller sideline I1201 and go native roller sideline II1202 to form one to remove native roller 12, remove native roller sideline III1203 and go native roller sideline IV1204 to form another to remove native roller 12.
Adjacent two are gone 12, one, native roller to go the crest of native roller 12 and another to go the trough of native roller 12 relative, and the distance between crest and trough is no more than 10mm.In addition, adjacent two are gone native roller 12 can also take other arrangement mode, but need ensure that adjacent maximum spacing is no more than 10mm.Namely this spacing can ensure that the fruit gathered in the crops does not fall, and makes again soil block drop in gap, prevents excesssive gap from causing fruit to drop.If the volume of tubers fruit is comparatively large, the spacing between native roller 12 is gone also can correspondingly to increase.
Power take-off 2 is greater than the gearratio of power take-off 2 and main drive gear 13 with the gearratio of clamping travelling gear 5, thus makes the movement velocity of native device higher than the movement velocity of clamping convey device 3.Make have larger movement velocity poor therebetween, go native device from the moved beneath of clamping convey device 3, remove the soil that crop adheres to.In this process, fruit drops from seedling, and owing to controlling the spacing between local rascal 12, fruit from going to fall down between the space of local rascal 12, but can not transmit to frame 1 rear thereupon.
Frame 1 is provided with vibratory sieve 6, removes native device, be connected to vibratory sieve 6 near one end of main drive gear 13 and final drive shaft 8 through delivery board 11.The fruit dropped on local rascal 12 drops on vibratory sieve 6 through delivery board 11 the most at last.The power of vibratory sieve 6 also comes from power take-off 2, again removes soil in its vibration processes to fruit.The fruit end that unloads of vibratory sieve 6 is connected to the lifting device 7 being positioned at frame 1 rear end, goes the fruit after soil to enter lifting device 7, and finally receives fruit gatherer again.
With above-described embodiment unlike, from frame 1 front end to the direction of rear end, the structure of clamping convey device 3 for tilting upward, from the front end of frame 1 to rear extreme direction, goes the spacing of the multiple receiving apparatus of soil and clamping convey device 3 to reduce gradually.
Go native roller 12 to arrange the plane at place and the angle of clamping convey device place plane is 8 °, namely two planes all upwards extend, and intersection is 8 ° of angles.
Compared with parallel with two planes, can ensure in the process of whole clamping conveying, go native roller 12 all to keep in touch with the fruit of clamping, low soil content can be fallen further and leak fruit rate.