CN105279092A - Software testing method and apparatus - Google Patents

Software testing method and apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105279092A
CN105279092A CN201510816338.9A CN201510816338A CN105279092A CN 105279092 A CN105279092 A CN 105279092A CN 201510816338 A CN201510816338 A CN 201510816338A CN 105279092 A CN105279092 A CN 105279092A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
object
input frame
test script
measured
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CN201510816338.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵霞
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浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201510816338.9A priority Critical patent/CN105279092A/en
Publication of CN105279092A publication Critical patent/CN105279092A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a software testing method and apparatus. The method comprises the following steps: setting a test script of an element to be tested in software to be tested in advance; obtaining an object of the element to be tested from the software to be tested; obtaining the test script of the element to be tested; and executing the test script for testing by taking the object as input of the test script of the element to be tested. The software testing method and apparatus provided by the invention can improve the software testing efficiency.

Description

A kind of method of software test and device

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of computer technology, the method for particularly a kind of software test and device.

Background technology

Automatic test is a kind of process being converted into machine execution with the behavioral test artificially driven.Automatic test generally refers to the robotization of software test, and software test is exactly operational system or application program on a preset condition based, and assessment operation result, condition should comprise normal condition and exception condition in advance.Along with the development of software testing technology, the application of automatization testing technique is more and more extensive.

In existing automatization testing technique, tester writes test case for software under testing, is tested by test case.In prior art, test process is mainly served as theme with the operation flow of software under testing, is tested by the various piece of operation flow to software under testing realizing software under testing.

But when there is the amendments such as framework change when software under testing, the test process of prior art also needs to revise, and some even needs again to write test case thereupon.In a word, the efficiency of method of testing of the prior art is lower.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the invention provides a kind of method and device of software test, the efficiency of software test can be improved.

On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of method of software test, comprising: the test script pre-setting the element to be measured in software under testing, also comprises:

S1: the object obtaining element to be measured from described software under testing;

S2: the test script obtaining described element to be measured;

S3: using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, perform described test script and test.

Further, described element to be measured comprises: input frame;

The test script of the described element to be measured pre-set in software under testing, comprising:

All input frames in described software under testing are classified;

Respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame;

Described S1, comprising: the object obtaining input frame from described software under testing;

Described S3, comprising: using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.

Further, the described test script respectively every class input frame being arranged to correspondence, comprising:

Respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.

Further, described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;

Described S1, comprising:

Obtain each uniform resource position mark URL in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding;

Obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.

Further, described S1, comprising:

From described software under testing, the object of element to be measured is obtained by web crawlers.

On the other hand, the invention provides a kind of device of software test, comprising:

Setting unit, for arranging the test script of the element to be measured in software under testing;

Object acquisition unit, for obtaining the object of element to be measured from described software under testing;

Script acquiring unit, for obtaining the test script of described element to be measured;

Test cell, for using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, performs described test script and tests.

Further, described element to be measured comprises: input frame;

Described setting unit, for being classified by all input frames in described software under testing, arranges corresponding test script to every class input frame respectively;

Described object acquisition unit, for obtaining the object of input frame from described software under testing;

Described test cell, for using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.

Further, described setting unit, perform described respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame time, specifically perform: respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.

Further, described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;

Described object acquisition unit, for obtaining each uniform resource position mark URL in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding, obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.

Further, described object acquisition unit, for obtaining the object of element to be measured from described software under testing by web crawlers.

By method and the device of a kind of software test provided by the invention, in advance for element to be measured in software under testing arranges test script, the object of element to be measured is obtained from software under testing, the input of this object as test script is tested, the method is tested for the element in software, instead of for operation flow in software, even if software is modified, but the element variation of software is little, the change of the test script of element also can not be very large, greatly save the maintenance workload of test script, improve the efficiency of software test.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of the method for a kind of software test that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 2 is the process flow diagram of the method for the another kind of software test that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the device of a kind of software test that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the device of the another kind of software test that one embodiment of the invention provides.

Embodiment

For making the object of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly; below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention; technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described; obviously; described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments, based on the embodiment in the present invention; the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under the prerequisite not making creative work, all belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

As shown in Figure 1, embodiments provide a kind of method of software test, the method can comprise the following steps:

S0: the test script pre-setting the element to be measured in software under testing;

S1: the object obtaining element to be measured from described software under testing;

S2: the test script obtaining described element to be measured;

S3: using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, perform described test script and test.

The method of a kind of software test provided by the embodiment of the present invention, in advance for element to be measured in software under testing arranges test script, the object of element to be measured is obtained from software under testing, the input of this object as test script is tested, the method is tested for the element in software, instead of for operation flow in software, even if software is modified, but the element variation of software is little, the change of the test script of element also can not be very large, greatly save the maintenance workload of test script, improve the efficiency of software test.

In the method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, will be the test of the element to software to the test conversion of software, the element difference of various software be little, and test script also can be common to various software, saves workload.

Element to be measured in the embodiment of the present invention can comprise: input frame, button etc.

In a kind of possible implementation, described element to be measured comprises: input frame;

The test script of the described element to be measured pre-set in software under testing, comprising:

All input frames in described software under testing are classified;

Respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame;

Described S1, comprising: the object obtaining input frame from described software under testing;

Described S3, comprising: using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.

Wherein, according to the content of input frame input, input frame can be divided into title input frame, numeric input boxes, Password Input frame, describe input frame, inquire about the types such as input frame.Can be numbered every class input frame for the ease of storing.

In a kind of possible implementation, the described test script respectively every class input frame being arranged to correspondence, comprising:

Respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.

Particularly, for every class input frame, determine its restriction rule and information, information comprises: miscue.For example, the restriction rule of title input frame is can not for empty, and during for sky, prompting " title can not be empty ", can not be mess code, point out " not can be mess code " during mess code.For type, restriction rule, the information of every class input frame, the specification document that input frame type-restriction rule-information is corresponding can be generated, corresponding test script is set according to the document.For example, when arranging the test script of title input frame, can be arranged on title input frame be input as sky time, judge whether information is " title can not be sky ", and if so, then the function of this title input frame is normal, otherwise the function of this title input frame is abnormal.

In addition, when arranging test script, can arrange based on selenium+Junit+Eclipse+MySQL automated test frame, testing quickness and high efficiency more.

In a kind of possible implementation, described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;

Described S1, comprising:

Obtain each URL (UniformResourceLocator, URL(uniform resource locator)) in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding;

Obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.

Particularly, obtain each URL in described software under testing, comprising: the URL tree obtaining software under testing, obtains each URL in software under testing from URL tree.

Can by the object of acquisition stored in library of object, in library of object, the field of depositing of the object of input frame comprises: corresponding page url, object id, object oriented, corresponding input frame type etc.Corresponding object can be determined by depositing field.

In a kind of possible implementation, described S1, comprising:

From described software under testing, the object of element to be measured is obtained by web crawlers.

For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.

In embodiments of the present invention, element to be measured is input frame.

As shown in Figure 2, embodiments provide a kind of method of software test, the method can comprise the following steps:

Step 201: all input frames in software under testing are classified.

Step 202: respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, arrange corresponding test script to every class input frame.

Step 203: obtain each URL in software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding.

Particularly, can be realized by web crawlers.Web crawlers pin can capture according to breadth First.

Step 204: obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as input frame.

Particularly, can the object of acquisition be stored in library of object, when testing, using the input of the object in library of object as test script.Object in library of object can be identified by the type of the page url of correspondence, object id, object oriented, corresponding input frame, corresponding object can be determined in software under testing by these information, and the type of the input frame that this object is corresponding can be determined, and then determine corresponding test script by the type of corresponding input frame, by the test script determined, this object is tested.

Step 205: the test script obtaining input frame.

Particularly, corresponding test script can be determined by the type of input frame corresponding to the object of current input frame.

Step 206: using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.

For example, object A is the object of title input frame, and test script A is the test script that title input frame is corresponding, therefore, is tested by object A as the input of test script A.

After having tested, export test report, complete the automatic test of input frame.

In the method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, test script once can be write and repeatedly use, and decreases the maintenance of script, improves testing efficiency, reduces testing cost.

As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, a kind of device of software test is embodiments provided.Device embodiment can pass through software simulating, also can be realized by the mode of hardware or software and hardware combining.Say from hardware view; as shown in Figure 3; a kind of hardware structure diagram of the device place equipment of a kind of software test provided for the embodiment of the present invention; except the processor shown in Fig. 3, internal memory, network interface and nonvolatile memory; in embodiment, the equipment at device place can also comprise other hardware usually, as the forwarding chip etc. of responsible process message.For software simulating, as shown in Figure 4, as the device on a logical meaning, be by the CPU of its place equipment, computer program instructions corresponding in nonvolatile memory is read operation in internal memory to be formed.The device of a kind of software test that the present embodiment provides, comprising:

Setting unit 401, for arranging the test script of the element to be measured in software under testing;

Object acquisition unit 402, for obtaining the object of element to be measured from described software under testing;

Script acquiring unit 403, for obtaining the test script of described element to be measured;

Test cell 404, for using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, performs described test script and tests.

In a kind of possible implementation, described element to be measured comprises: input frame;

Described setting unit 401, for being classified by all input frames in described software under testing, arranges corresponding test script to every class input frame respectively;

Described object acquisition unit 402, for obtaining the object of input frame from described software under testing;

Described test cell 404, for using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.

In a kind of possible implementation, described setting unit 401, perform described respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame time, concrete execution: respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.

In a kind of possible implementation, described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;

Described object acquisition unit 402, for obtaining each URL in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding, obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.

In a kind of possible implementation, described object acquisition unit 402, for obtaining the object of element to be measured from described software under testing by web crawlers.

The content such as information interaction, implementation between each unit in said apparatus, due to the inventive method embodiment based on same design, particular content can see in the inventive method embodiment describe, repeat no more herein.

The method of a kind of software test that the embodiment of the present invention provides and device, have following beneficial effect:

The method of a kind of software test 1, provided by the embodiment of the present invention and device, in advance for element to be measured in software under testing arranges test script, the object of element to be measured is obtained from software under testing, the input of this object as test script is tested, the method is tested for the element in software, instead of for operation flow in software, even if software is modified, but the element variation of software is little, the change of the test script of element also can not be very large, greatly save the maintenance workload of test script, improve the efficiency of software test.

The method of a kind of software test 2, provided by the embodiment of the present invention and device, because the element in software is along with the amendment of software, change very little, test script once can be write and repeatedly use, decrease the maintenance of script, improve testing efficiency, reduce testing cost.

It should be noted that, in this article, the relational terms of such as first and second and so on is only used for an entity or operation to separate with another entity or operational zone, and not necessarily requires or imply the relation that there is any this reality between these entities or operation or sequentially.And, term " comprises ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to contain comprising of nonexcludability, thus make to comprise the process of a series of key element, method, article or equipment and not only comprise those key elements, but also comprise other key elements clearly do not listed, or also comprise by the intrinsic key element of this process, method, article or equipment.When not more restrictions, the key element " being comprised " limited by statement, and be not precluded within process, method, article or the equipment comprising described key element and also there is other same factor.

One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: all or part of step realizing said method embodiment can have been come by the hardware that programmed instruction is relevant, aforesaid program can be stored in the storage medium of embodied on computer readable, this program, when performing, performs the step comprising said method embodiment; And aforesaid storage medium comprises: ROM, RAM, magnetic disc or CD etc. various can be program code stored medium in.

Finally it should be noted that: the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, only for illustration of technical scheme of the present invention, be not intended to limit protection scope of the present invention.All any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., be all included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a method for software test, is characterized in that, comprising: the test script pre-setting the element to be measured in software under testing, also comprises:
S1: the object obtaining element to be measured from described software under testing;
S2: the test script obtaining described element to be measured;
S3: using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, perform described test script and test.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described element to be measured comprises: input frame;
The test script of the described element to be measured pre-set in software under testing, comprising:
All input frames in described software under testing are classified;
Respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame;
Described S1, comprising: the object obtaining input frame from described software under testing;
Described S3, comprising: using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the described test script respectively every class input frame being arranged to correspondence, comprising:
Respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.
4. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;
Described S1, comprising:
Obtain each uniform resource position mark URL in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding;
Obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.
5., according to described method arbitrary in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, described S1, comprising:
From described software under testing, the object of element to be measured is obtained by web crawlers.
6. a device for software test, is characterized in that, comprising:
Setting unit, for arranging the test script of the element to be measured in software under testing;
Object acquisition unit, for obtaining the object of element to be measured from described software under testing;
Script acquiring unit, for obtaining the test script of described element to be measured;
Test cell, for using the input of described object as the test script of described element to be measured, performs described test script and tests.
7. device according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described element to be measured comprises: input frame;
Described setting unit, for being classified by all input frames in described software under testing, arranges corresponding test script to every class input frame respectively;
Described object acquisition unit, for obtaining the object of input frame from described software under testing;
Described test cell, for using the input of the object of every class input frame as test script corresponding to such input frame, performs test script respectively and tests.
8. device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described setting unit, perform described respectively corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame time, concrete execution: respectively according to the type of every class input frame, and the restriction rule of every class input frame and information, corresponding test script is arranged to every class input frame.
9. device according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described element to be measured, comprising: input frame;
Described object acquisition unit, for obtaining each uniform resource position mark URL in described software under testing, determine the page that each URL is corresponding, obtaining in each page type attribute in input label is the object of text, using the object of the object in each page of obtaining as described element to be measured.
10., according to described device arbitrary in claim 6-9, it is characterized in that, described object acquisition unit, for being obtained the object of element to be measured from described software under testing by web crawlers.
CN201510816338.9A 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Software testing method and apparatus CN105279092A (en)

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Application publication date: 20160127