CN105270615A - Multi-axle aircraft with front wing and rear wing - Google Patents

Multi-axle aircraft with front wing and rear wing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105270615A
CN105270615A CN201510721425.6A CN201510721425A CN105270615A CN 105270615 A CN105270615 A CN 105270615A CN 201510721425 A CN201510721425 A CN 201510721425A CN 105270615 A CN105270615 A CN 105270615A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wing
fin
rotor
composite
aircraft
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510721425.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105270615B (en
Inventor
王志成
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佛山市神风航空科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510721425.6A priority Critical patent/CN105270615B/en
Publication of CN105270615A publication Critical patent/CN105270615A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105270615B publication Critical patent/CN105270615B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a multi-axle aircraft with a front wing and a rear wing, which belongs to the technical field of aircrafts. The multi-axle aircraft with the front wing and the rear wing comprises an aircraft body, a front left composite wing, a front right composite wing, a rear left composite wing, a rear right composite wing, a vertical tail wing, a bracket and a landing gear. An operation system and airbore equipment are mounted in the aircraft body. The front left composite wing and the front right composite wing have same structures and are symmetrically mounted on the left side and the right side of the front section of the aircraft body. The rear left composite wing and the rear right composite wing have same structures and are symmetrically mounted on the left side and the right side of the rear section of the aircraft body. The vertical tail wing is mounted at the tail part of the aircraft body. The landing gear uses a wheel type structure or a skid and wheel combined structure. The front left composite wing comprises a front left wing sheet and a front left rotor wing group; and the rear left composite wing comprises a rear left wing sheet, a rear left wing axle and a rear left rotor wing group. Rotor wings are all positioned under the wing sheets and driven by a motor. The rear left wing sheet can rotate and swing around the rear left wing axle. The multi-axle aircraft with the front wing and the rear wing, provided by the invention, is advantaged in that a takeoff and landing site for the aircraft is not big, the aircraft can vertically take off and land, the lifting force generated by the aircraft is large and the aircraft is safe, stable and flexible.

Description

Wing Multi-axis aircraft before and after a kind of
Technical field
Wing Multi-axis aircraft before and after a kind of, belongs to vehicle technology field, particularly relates to a kind of Multi-axis aircraft.
Background technology
When traditional Multi-axis aircraft cruises, energy consumption is large, stability and safety poor, substantially cannot save oneself when losing part or all of power; Traditional aircraft can not vertical lift and hovering, and manoevreability is poor; Traditional helicopter energy consumption is large, and efficiency is low, and safety and stability is not high yet.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned deficiency overcoming traditional Multi-axis aircraft, aircraft and helicopter, invent a kind of front and back wing Multi-axis aircraft of highly effective and safe of energy vertical takeoff and landing.
Before and after a kind of, wing Multi-axis aircraft, comprises fuselage, front left composite wing, front right composite wing, rear left composite wing, rear right composite wing, vertical tail, support and alighting gear.Control system and airborne equipment is furnished with in fuselage.Front left composite wing is identical with front right composite wing structure, and their symmetries are installed on the leading portion left and right sides of fuselage.Rear left composite wing is identical with rear right composite wing structure, and their symmetries are installed on the back segment left and right sides of fuselage.Vertical tail is installed on the afterbody of fuselage, and vertical tail comprises leading portion fixed part and back segment moving part, and vertical tail plays fixed fin and yaw rudder.Alighting gear adopts wheeled construction or sled and wheeled unitized construction.Support is connected with fuselage, and it acts on mainly supporting motive force device.
The structure of front left composite wing is: front left composite wing comprises front left fin and front left rotor group.The right-hand member of front left fin is fixed on the left side of fuselage.The leading edge of front left fin is higher than the trailing edge of front left fin, and the angle of front left fin and horizontal surface is between 5 °-30 °.Front left rotor group comprises the identical rotor of two or three structures of the arrangement in " one " font, and each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on the support that is connected with fuselage.The plane of rotation of all rotors in front left rotor group is in same level.Front left rotor group is in the below of front left fin.The chord length of front left fin is greater than the rotor diameter in front left rotor group.The trailing edge of front left fin is higher than the rotor wing rotation plane in front left rotor group.
The structure of rear left composite wing is: rear left composite wing comprises rear left fin, rear left wing axle and rear left rotor group.The right-hand member of rear left wing axle is fixed on fuselage, and rear left wing axle is horizontal and parallel with the leading edge of front left fin.Rear left fin removable mounting is on rear left wing axle, and the axis of leading edge rear left wing relative to the trailing edge of the rear left fin axle of rear left fin is that front and back are symmetrical.Rear left fin can around rear left wing axle switch, and the maximum angle of relative level face rear left fin switch is not more than 30 °.The length of rear left fin is equal with the length of front left fin.When being biased to extreme lower position under the leading edge of rear left fin, the leading edge of rear left fin is close to the trailing edge of front left fin.Rear left rotor group comprises four or the identical rotor of six structures of the arrangement in " one " font, and each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on the support that is all connected with fuselage and the left end of rear left wing axle.The plane of rotation of all rotors in rear left rotor group is in same level.Rear left rotor group is in immediately below rear left wing axle.The chord length of rear left fin equals or is slightly smaller than the half of chord length of front left fin.Rotor diameter in rear left rotor group equals or is slightly smaller than the half of the rotor diameter in front left rotor group.The trailing edge of rear left fin deflects to lowermost position when putting, and the trailing edge of rear left fin is higher than the rotor wing rotation plane in rear left rotor group.
A kind of front and back of this invention wing Multi-axis aircraft produces beneficial effect like this: as the fin of rear left composite wing and rear right composite wing is all done maximum deflection, their leading edge is made all to be in extreme lower position, now their trailing edge is all in extreme higher position, start all motors, drive corresponding rotor wing rotation respectively, described aircraft can realize vertical takeoff and landing or hovering; As by the fin of rear left composite wing and rear right composite wing deflect, make their trailing edge of leading edge higher than them, described aircraft can realize advance rolling start and before fly.The deflection angle of the fin of adjustment rear left composite wing and rear right composite wing and direction can change aerodynamic direction and the size of the generation of described aircraft, also can be changed aerodynamic size and Orientation of described aircraft by the rotating speed adjusting each rotor.The deflection controlling the back segment moving part of vertical tail can make described aircraft turn to.Compare with traditional aircraft, the landing site that before and after the present invention, wing Multi-axis aircraft requires is little, and energy vertical lift, can aloft hover.Compare with traditional helicopter and Multi-axis aircraft, before and after the present invention, wing Multi-axis aircraft is owing to adopting the composite wing of fin and rotor combination, the lift that described aircraft produces is larger, if run out of steam longer distance of also gliding, more time docking facility can be striven for or find safe landing point, safer like this; Because all rotors are all in the below of fin, the front flow field improving fin upper and lower surface when flying rotor rotational, increases downwash flow, delays the burbling of the upper surface of fin, raise the efficiency, lift coefficient is increased greatly; Due to the existence of multiple rotor, described aircraft maneuverability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for a kind of front and back of the present invention wing Multi-axis aircraft, and Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for the front left compounding machine be exaggerated, and Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for the rear left compounding machine be exaggerated, and Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5.
In figure, 1-fuselage, 2-front left composite wing, 3-front right composite wing, 4-rear left composite wing, 5-rear right composite wing, 6-vertical tail, 7-support, 8-alighting gear.The component belonging to front left composite wing 2 comprises: 21-front left fin, 22-front left rotor group.The component belonging to rear left composite wing 4 comprises: 41-rear left fin, 42-rear left rotor group, left wing's axle after 43-.
Detailed description of the invention
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is illustrated: wing Multi-axis aircraft before and after a kind of, comprises fuselage 1, front left composite wing 2, front right composite wing 3, rear left composite wing 4, rear right composite wing 5, vertical tail 6, support 7 and alighting gear 8.Control system and airborne equipment is furnished with in fuselage 1.Front left composite wing 2 is identical with front right composite wing 3 structure, and their symmetries are installed on the leading portion left and right sides of fuselage 1.Rear left composite wing 4 is identical with rear right composite wing 5 structure, and their symmetries are installed on the back segment left and right sides of fuselage 1.Vertical tail 6 is installed on the afterbody of fuselage 1, and vertical tail 6 comprises leading portion fixed part and back segment moving part, and vertical tail 6 plays fixed fin and yaw rudder.Alighting gear 8 adopts sled and wheeled unitized construction.Support 7 is connected with fuselage 1, and it acts on mainly supporting motive force device.
The structure of front left composite wing is: front left composite wing 2 comprises front left fin 21 and front left rotor group 22.The right-hand member of front left fin 21 is fixed on the left side of fuselage 1.The leading edge of front left fin 21 is higher than the trailing edge of front left fin 21, and front left fin 21 is 13 ° with the angle of horizontal surface.Front left rotor group 22 comprises the identical rotor of two structures of the arrangement in " one " font, and each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on and are connected on 1 support 7 with fuselage.The plane of rotation of all rotors in front left rotor group 22 is in same level.Front left rotor group 22 is in the below of front left fin 21.The chord length of front left fin 21 is greater than the rotor diameter in front left rotor group 22.The trailing edge of front left fin 21 is greater than 15mm to the distance of the rotor wing rotation plane in front left rotor group 22.
The structure of rear left composite wing 4 is: rear left composite wing 4 comprises rear left fin 41, rear left wing axle 43 and rear left rotor group 42.The right-hand member of rear left wing axle 43 is fixing on the fuselage 1, and rear left wing axle 43 is horizontal and parallel with the leading edge of front left fin 21.Rear left fin 41 removable mounting is on rear left wing axle 43, and during rear left fin 41 level, the axis of the leading edge of rear left fin 41 rear left wing relative to the trailing edge of rear left fin 41 axle 43 is symmetrical before and after being.Rear left fin 41 can around rear left wing axle 43 switch, and the maximum angle of relative level face rear left fin 41 switch is 15 °.The length of rear left fin 41 is equal with the length of front left fin 21.When being biased to extreme lower position under the leading edge of rear left fin 41, the leading edge of rear left fin 41 is close to the trailing edge of front left fin 21.Rear left rotor group 42 comprises the identical rotor of four structures of the arrangement in " one " font, and each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on the support 7 that is all connected with fuselage 1 and the left end of rear left wing axle 43.The plane of rotation of all rotors in rear left rotor group 42 is in same level.Rear left rotor group 42 is in immediately below rear left wing axle 43.The chord length of rear left fin 41 equals the half of the chord length of front left fin 21.Rotor diameter in rear left rotor group 42 is slightly smaller than the half of the rotor diameter in front left rotor group 22.The trailing edge of rear left fin 41 deflects to lowermost position when putting, and the trailing edge of rear left fin 41 is greater than 20mm to the distance of the rotor wing rotation plane in rear left rotor group 42.
All motors adopt lithium cell or aluminum cell to power.
Before and after the present invention, wing Multi-axis aircraft produces beneficial effect like this: as the fin of rear left composite wing 4 and rear right composite wing 5 is all done maximum deflection, their leading edge is made all to be in extreme lower position, now their trailing edge is all in extreme higher position, start all motors, drive corresponding rotor wing rotation respectively, described aircraft can realize vertical takeoff and landing or hovering; As by the fin of rear left composite wing 4 and rear right composite wing 5 deflect, make their trailing edge of leading edge higher than them, described aircraft can realize advance rolling start and before fly.The deflection angle of the fin of adjustment rear left composite wing 4 and rear right composite wing 5 and direction can change aerodynamic direction and the size of the generation of described aircraft, also can be changed aerodynamic size and Orientation of described aircraft by the rotating speed adjusting each rotor.The deflection controlling the back segment moving part of vertical tail 6 can make described aircraft turn to.Compare with traditional aircraft, the landing site that before and after the present invention, wing Multi-axis aircraft requires is little, and energy vertical lift, can aloft hover.Compare with traditional helicopter and Multi-axis aircraft, before and after the present invention, wing Multi-axis aircraft is owing to adopting the composite wing of fin and rotor combination, the lift that described aircraft produces is larger, if run out of steam longer distance of also gliding, more time docking facility can be striven for or find safe landing point, safer like this; Because all rotors are all in the below of fin, the front flow field improving fin upper and lower surface when flying rotor rotational, increases downwash flow, delays the burbling of the upper surface of fin, raise the efficiency, lift coefficient is increased greatly; Due to the existence of multiple rotor, described aircraft maneuverability.

Claims (4)

1. before and after, a wing Multi-axis aircraft, is characterized in that: comprise fuselage (1), front left composite wing (2), front right composite wing (3), rear left composite wing (4), rear right composite wing (5), vertical tail (6), support (7) and alighting gear (8); Fuselage is furnished with control system and airborne equipment in (1); Front left composite wing (2) is identical with front right composite wing (3) structure, and their symmetries are installed on the leading portion left and right sides of fuselage (1); Rear left composite wing (4) is identical with rear right composite wing (5) structure, and their symmetries are installed on the back segment left and right sides of fuselage (1); Vertical tail (6) is installed on the afterbody of fuselage (1), and vertical tail (6) comprises leading portion fixed part and back segment moving part, and vertical tail (6) plays fixed fin and yaw rudder; Alighting gear (8) adopts wheeled construction or sled and wheeled unitized construction; Support (7) is connected with fuselage (1), and it acts on mainly supporting motive force device; The structure of front left composite wing is: front left composite wing (2) comprises front left fin (21) and front left rotor group (22); The right-hand member of front left fin (21) is fixed on the left side of fuselage (1); The leading edge of front left fin (21) is higher than the trailing edge of front left fin (21); Front left rotor group (22) comprises the identical rotor of two or three structures of the arrangement in " one " font, and each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on and are connected with fuselage on (1) support (7); The plane of rotation of all rotors in front left rotor group (22) is in same level; Front left rotor group (22) is in the below of front left fin (21); The chord length of front left fin (21) is greater than the rotor diameter in front left rotor group (22); The trailing edge of front left fin (21) is higher than the rotor wing rotation plane in front left rotor group (22); The structure of rear left composite wing (4) is: rear left composite wing (4) comprises rear left fin (41), rear left wing axle (43) and rear left rotor group (42); The right-hand member of rear left wing axle (43) is fixed on fuselage (1), and rear left wing axle (43) is horizontal and parallel with the leading edge of front left fin (21); Rear left fin (41) removable mounting is in rear left wing axle (43), and during rear left fin (41) level, the axis of the leading edge of rear left fin (41) rear left wing axle (43) relative to the trailing edge of rear left fin (41) is symmetrical before and after being; Rear left fin (41) can around rear left wing axle (43) switch; The length of rear left fin (41) is equal with the length of front left fin (21); When being biased to extreme lower position under the leading edge of rear left fin (41), the leading edge of rear left fin (41) is close to the trailing edge of front left fin (21); Rear left rotor group (42) comprises four or the identical rotor of six structures of the arrangement in " one " font, each rotor is by a motor individual drive, and these motors are all arranged on the support (7) that is all connected with fuselage (1) and the left end of rear left wing axle (43); The plane of rotation of all rotors in rear left rotor group (42) is in same level; Rear left rotor group (42) is in immediately below rear left wing axle (43); The chord length of rear left fin (41) equals or is slightly smaller than the half of chord length of front left fin (21); Rotor diameter in rear left rotor group (42) equals or is slightly smaller than the half of the rotor diameter in front left rotor group (22); The trailing edge of rear left fin (41) deflects to lowermost position when putting, and the trailing edge of rear left fin (41) is higher than the rotor wing rotation plane in rear left rotor group (42).
2. a kind of front and back according to claim 1 wing Multi-axis aircraft, is characterized in that: the angle of front left fin (21) and horizontal surface is between 5 °-30 °.
3. a kind of front and back according to claim 1 wing Multi-axis aircraft, is characterized in that: the maximum angle of relative level face rear left fin (41) switch is not more than 30 °.
4. a kind of front and back wing Multi-axis aircraft according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that: all motors adopt lithium cell or aluminum cell to power.
CN201510721425.6A 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Wing Multi-axis aircraft before and after a kind of CN105270615B (en)

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CN105270615B CN105270615B (en) 2017-10-10

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4537146A (en) * 1981-07-03 1985-08-27 Barry Wainwright Aerofoils
US20070278353A1 (en) * 2006-05-30 2007-12-06 Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd Wings for aircraft
US20080217470A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Jie Zhao Modularized airplane structures and methods
CN103043212A (en) * 2011-10-17 2013-04-17 田瑜 Combined aircraft composed of fixed wing and electric multi-rotor wing
CN204452934U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 仉军 The double mode aircraft of rotor, fixed-wing
CN205131643U (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-04-06 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Front and back wing multiaxis aircraft

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4537146A (en) * 1981-07-03 1985-08-27 Barry Wainwright Aerofoils
US20070278353A1 (en) * 2006-05-30 2007-12-06 Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd Wings for aircraft
US20080217470A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Jie Zhao Modularized airplane structures and methods
CN103043212A (en) * 2011-10-17 2013-04-17 田瑜 Combined aircraft composed of fixed wing and electric multi-rotor wing
CN204452934U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 仉军 The double mode aircraft of rotor, fixed-wing
CN205131643U (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-04-06 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Front and back wing multiaxis aircraft

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Effective date of registration: 20190522

Address after: 226300 North Four Formations of Tushan Village, Xingdong Town, Tongzhou District, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

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Address before: 528500 room 402, Fu Wan Jiangwan Road, Hecheng street, Gaoming District, Foshan, Guangdong, China, 78

Patentee before: Shenfeng science and technology of aviation Co., Ltd of Foshan City

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