A kind of agricultural reducing mechanism
The present invention relates to technical field of agricultural machinery, particularly relate to a kind of agricultural reducing mechanism.
Pulverizer is that large-sized solid material is crushed to the machinery requiring size.Pulverizer can be divided into boulder crusher, pulverizer, micronizer according to by the size of particle or broken material processed.The external force putting on solid in crushing process has shearing, impacts, rolls, grinds four kinds.Shear and be mainly used in coarse crushing (fragmentation) and comminution process, be applicable to flexible or have the material of fiber and the fragmentation of bulk material or comminution process; Impact and be mainly used in comminution process, be suitable for the pulverizing of brittle material; Roll and be mainly used in high finess disintegrating (ultramicro grinding) operation, the material being suitable for most of character carries out ultramicro grinding operation; Grinding is mainly used in ultramicro grinding or ultra-large type disintegrating apparatus, is suitable for the further comminution process after comminution process.
Pulverizer under prior art, mostly adopts manual operation in the conveying and exclusion process of raw material, can cause crushing effect not good, consume a large amount of labours.Patent announcement a kind of agricultural mill number disclosed in CN201333412Y has the high feature of automaticity, but this pulverizer does not have automatic cycle shatters function, the crushed material not reaching standard is not had to the effect again pulverized.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention discloses that a kind of structure is simple, automaticity is high, have the agricultural mill of crushing function capable of circulation.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical solutions: a kind of agricultural reducing mechanism, includes hopper, storage device, reducing mechanism, drawing mechanism, circulating box and some material passing tubes.Described feed box is provided with feeding mouth.Described some material passing tubes comprise the first feed pipe, the second feed pipe, the first discharge nozzle, the second discharge nozzle and circulation pipe.Described feed box is connected with described storage device by described first feed pipe.The bottom of described storage device is connected with the top of described reducing mechanism by described second feed pipe.The side of described reducing mechanism is connected with described drawing mechanism by described first discharge nozzle, and the bottom of described reducing mechanism is connected with the top of described circulating box by the second discharge nozzle.The bottom of described circulating box is connected by the top of circulation pipe with described feed box.
Preferably: described storage device comprises material storing box, the first vavuum pump and the first air inlet pipe; Described material storing box is connected with described first vavuum pump by the first air inlet pipe.
Preferably: described in shatter device inside be provided with motor, turning cylinder and some blades; Described motor is fixed on the side of described reducing mechanism internal cavities, and described turning cylinder one end connects described motor, and the other end of described turning cylinder is free end; Described some blades are fixed on described turning cylinder.
Preferably: described drawing mechanism comprises feed box, the second air inlet pipe and the second vavuum pump; Described feed box is connected with described second vavuum pump by described second air inlet pipe.
Preferably: the interface of described reducing mechanism and described first discharge nozzle is provided with filter.
Preferably: in described circulating box, be also provided with height controller.Described height controller comprises touch sensor and electronic valve, and described touch sensor is arranged on the sidewall of described circulating box, and described electronic valve is arranged on the interface of described circulating box and described circulation pipe.
The invention has the advantages that: by the design of vavuum pump and reducing mechanism, eliminate the operation of artificial conveyance and eliminating, alleviate labour intensity, realize the object of automatic crushing; By the design of circulating box, further increase automaticity, achieve the object that circulation is pulverized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment discloses a kind of agricultural reducing mechanism, includes hopper 1, storage device 2, reducing mechanism 3, drawing mechanism 4, circulating box 5 and some breather pipes.Described feed box 1 is provided with feeding mouth 11, and described some material passing tubes comprise the first feed pipe 61, second feed pipe 62, first discharge nozzle 63, second discharge nozzle 64 and circulation pipe 65.Some breather pipes comprise the first air inlet pipe 6 and the second air inlet pipe 7.Described feed box 1 is connected with storage device 2 by the first feed pipe 61.The bottom of storage device 2 is connected with reducing mechanism 3 by the second feed pipe 62.The side of reducing mechanism 3 is connected with drawing mechanism 4 by the first discharge nozzle 63, and the bottom of reducing mechanism 3 is connected with the top of circulating box 5 by the second discharge nozzle 64.The bottom of circulating box 5 is connected with the top of feed box 1 by circulation pipe 65.Storage device 2 comprises material storing box 21, first vavuum pump 22 and the first air inlet pipe 23.Material storing box 21 is connected with the first vavuum pump 22 by the first air inlet pipe 23.The inside shattering device 3 is provided with motor 31, turning cylinder 32 and some blades 33.Motor 31 is fixed on the side of reducing mechanism 3 internal cavities, and turning cylinder 32 one end connects motor 31, and the other end of turning cylinder 32 is free end.Some blades 33 are fixed on described turning cylinder 32.Drawing mechanism 4 comprises feed box 41, second air inlet pipe 42 and the second vavuum pump 43.Feed box 41 is connected with the second vavuum pump 43 by the second air inlet pipe 42.The interface of reducing mechanism 3 and the first discharge nozzle 63 is provided with filter 7.Height controller 8 is also provided with in circulating box 5.Height controller 8 comprises touch sensor 81 and electronic valve 82, and touch sensor 81 is arranged on the madial wall of circulating box 5, and electronic valve 82 is arranged on the interface of circulating box 5 and circulation pipe 65.
The present embodiment is put into feed box 1 by needing the crops raw material pulverized, and under the effect of the first vavuum pump 23, raw material is entered in material storing box 21 by the first feed pipe 61.Raw material under gravity, enter in the cavity of reducing mechanism 3 through the second feed pipe 62, starter motor 31, driven the rotation of turning cylinder 32 by the rotation of motor 31, the rotation of the rotating band cutting blade 33 of turning cylinder 32, the rotation of blade 33 is pulverized the raw material in cavity.The raw material meeting pulverizing standard after pulverizing, under the effect of the second vavuum pump 43, through filter 7, enters in feed box 41.And the raw material not meeting pulverizing standard is falling within circulating box 5, when drop into circulating box 5 Raw its highly exceed setting height time, the touch sensor 81 that raw material will touch on the madial wall being arranged on circulating box 5, touch sensor 81 sends signal, after electronic valve 82 acknowledge(ment) signal, Open valve, is stored in circulating box 5 Raw under gravity, again fall into feed box 1, carry out circulation and pulverize.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the invention; not in order to limit the invention; the any amendment done within all spirit in the invention and principle, equivalently to replace and improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in the invention.