CN105266908B - One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances - Google Patents

One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105266908B
CN105266908B CN201510414719.4A CN201510414719A CN105266908B CN 105266908 B CN105266908 B CN 105266908B CN 201510414719 A CN201510414719 A CN 201510414719A CN 105266908 B CN105266908 B CN 105266908B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
traction
portion
correction
neck
provided
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510414719.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105266908A (en
Inventor
欧阳年沣
Original Assignee
欧阳年沣
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 欧阳年沣 filed Critical 欧阳年沣
Priority to CN201510414719.4A priority Critical patent/CN105266908B/en
Publication of CN105266908A publication Critical patent/CN105266908A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105266908B publication Critical patent/CN105266908B/en

Links

Abstract

一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,涉及一种口腔器具,尤其是涉及一种通过外部拉力向牙齿施加矫正力而有助于牙齿的排列不齐和/或错颚前突进行矫正的正畸器具,通过由织物制成颈部佩戴式的牵引部牵拉设置于牙弓外侧的矫正部,对牙弓施加向内的力,实现对牙齿不齐和错颚畸形矫正的目的,具有普适性,佩戴方便,可自行灵活调整。 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances, to an oral appliance, particularly to a tooth by applying a corrective force to the external force contributes to the missing tooth arrangement and / or a front jaw protrusion error corrected orthodontic appliance, made of fabric by pulling the neck portion is pulled wearable correcting portion is provided on the outer side of the arch, the arch inward force is applied, to achieve the purpose of missing teeth and jaw deformity error correction, having universal resistance, easy to wear, can be flexibly adjusted itself.

Description

一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种口腔器具,尤其是涉及一种通过外部拉力向牙齿施加矫正力而有助于牙齿的排列不齐和/或错颚前突进行矫正的正畸器具。 [0001] The present invention relates to an oral appliance, particularly to a tooth by applying a corrective force to the external force contributes to the missing tooth arrangement and / or a front jaw protrusion error correction for an orthodontic appliance.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]牙齿排列不齐或错颚畸形,一般会影响口腔闭合,容易露出牙齿,对于人们的生活影响很大,不但会影响外部形象,而且影响人们咀嚼功能和牙齿的健康,现有口腔科多采用的正畸技术,是对各牙齿进行固定连接,通过牙齿间的相互作用力来实现牙齿的排齐,有时虽然实现了排齐,但是对整个颌部前突并没有好的效果,并且需要针对不同患者的口腔印模制作相应的矫正器械,无法大批量生产,而且经常需要到医院进行调整,繁琐且费用也较高。 [0002] misalignment of teeth or wrong jaw deformity, usually affects the mouth closed, toothy easy for people living a great impact, not only will affect the external image, but also affect people's health function and chewing teeth, existing dentistry multi orthodontic technique employed, is fixedly connected to each tooth, the tooth is achieved through interaction between the teeth aligned, aligned, although sometimes achieved, but the entire front portion protruding jaw and no good results, and We need to make dental impressions for different patients appropriate orthotics, not mass-produced, and often need to be adjusted to the hospital, cumbersome and higher costs.

[0003] 现有的部分通过外部拉力来正畸的器具,由于结构问题无法在睡眠休息时佩戴, 限制了佩戴时间,所以实用性不理想。 [0003] existing section by an external force to orthodontic appliances, due to structural problems can not be worn during sleep and rest, limiting the wear of time, so practicality is not ideal.

[0004] 因此,对口腔正畸技术还有另外的解决办法。 [0004] Therefore, there is another oral orthodontic technology solutions.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明所要解决的技术问题在于针对上述现有技术中的不足,提供了一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,包括矫正部和牵引部,矫正部设置于使用者牙弓的外侧,牵引部与矫正部的一端连接后,绕过使用者颈部,再与矫正部的另一端连接,矫正部通过牵引部的牵拉, 对牙弓施加外力,从而达到正畸的目的。 [0005] The present invention solves the technical problem that the prior art in view of the above deficiencies, there is provided a neck traction oral orthodontic appliances, and a traction portion includes a correction unit, correcting portion is provided on the outside arch of a user, after pulling one end portion connected to the correction portion, around the user's neck, and then connected to the other end portion of the correction, the correction unit by pulling the traction unit, the external force is applied to the arch, so as to achieve the purpose of orthodontics.

[0006] 进一步,矫正部包括矫正弓和防护连接部,防护连接部设置于矫正弓的外侧,防护连接部两端设有连接构件,用于连接牵引部,矫正部与牙弓接触,直接对牙齿施加作用力, 防护连接部与牵引部连接,将牵引部的牵引力施加给矫正弓形成向内的矫正力,并且防护连接部具有一定的结构刚性,用于保持牵引部离开使用者面部至少部分区域,抵抗牵引部牵拉时对使用者面部的作用力,防止面部产生勒痕。 [0006] Further, the correction unit includes correction guard bow and the connection portion, the connection portion is provided outside the guard bow correction, both end portions connected to the protective member is provided with connection for connecting a traction portion, correcting portion in contact with the arch, directly applying a force teeth guard portion connecting portion is connected with the traction, the traction applied to the traction portion of the corrective force correcting bow inward is formed, and shield connecting portion having a certain structural rigidity for holding the pulling face portion at least partially away from the user region, against the urging force of the user's face when pulling the pulling part, to prevent generation portion Le Hen.

[0007] 进一步,由于外力牵拉提供的矫正力主要作用于前牙牙弓区域,再通过前牙弓部分向后传导,因此,矫正部抵靠牙齿的范围从门牙向后延伸不超过第一小臼齿。 [0007] Further, since the primary role of correcting the pulling force provided by the external force to the front teeth arch area, and then conducted through the rearward portion of the front arch, and therefore, the correction abutment portion extends rearwardly from the front teeth on a small range of not more than the first tooth molar. 矫正部与牙弓的接触部位设置为健康牙弓的弯曲形状,且接触面上设有防滑纹,防止矫正部相对牙齿左右滑动,影响矫正效果。 Correction portion contact portion is provided with a curved arch shape health of the dental arch and provided with antiskid contact surface, preventing correct sliding portion relative to the left and right teeth, the impact correction.

[0008] 进一步,牵引部包括两端的牵引带和中部的牵引衬垫,牵引带和牵引衬垫均由织物制成,所述牵引带具有弹性,且牵引带上设有长度调节装置,可以方便地调节牵引带的长度,以达到调节矫正牵引力大小的目的,牵引衬垫置于枕后的位置,相比牵引带要宽厚些, 用于减小对使用者颈枕部位的压强,增加舒适度。 [0008] Further, the traction portion includes a traction belt and central traction pad ends, liner and traction by traction belt fabric, the elastic traction band, and the traction belt provided with length adjustment means may conveniently adjusting the length of the leash, in order to achieve the purpose of adjusting the size of the correction traction, traction pads disposed pillow position, compared to tolerably traction belt, for reducing the pressure on the occipital part of the user, increase comfort .

[0009] 进一步,牵引部与矫正部之间采用可拆卸连接,方便使用者佩戴和摘取,牵引带与牵引衬垫之间也采用可拆卸连接,便于对牵引带等部件进行调换。 [0009] Further, using the portion between the traction and the correction unit is detachably connected, to facilitate removal and worn by the user, using the detachable connection also between the traction belt and the traction pad facilitate traction with like parts exchange.

[0010] 此外,在一优选实施例中,所述矫正部为了达到佩戴时接触牙弓部分的舒适性和防护连接部需要提供足够结构刚度的性能的要求,所述矫正弓和防护连接部分别采用不同的材料制成,装配组合在一起,达到更好的使用效果,矫正弓由较柔软的缓冲材料制成,包括牙弓区和前端凸出区,前端凸出区上设有凹槽,防护连接部采用不易受力变形的刚性材料制成,包括中部的装配区和两端的防护连接区,装配区装配设置于矫正弓前端凸出区的凹槽内,防护连接区上设有连接构件,用于和牵引部连接。 [0010] Further, in a preferred embodiment, the correction unit in order to achieve comfort and protection contacts arch portion connecting portions required to provide sufficient performance required structural rigidity, the bow correction and the connecting portions wearing protective made of different materials, assembled together, achieve better results, corrected bow made of softer cushioning material, comprising a distal arch region and a protruding region, a groove is provided on the front end of the projecting region, shield connecting portion of rigid material is made less susceptible to deformation forces, the assembly includes a guard connecting region and central region of the ends, the recess fitting region provided for correcting bow fitting protruding region of the front end, the guard is provided with a connecting member connecting region for connection and traction portion.

[0011] 此外,在另一优选实施例中,为了简化结构,减少加工工艺流程,所述矫正部包括矫正弓和防护连接部由具有一定刚性不易受力变形同时又具有一定柔性的材料一体成型制成。 [0011] Further, in another preferred embodiment, in order to simplify the structure, reduce the processing process, the correction unit comprises a correction guard bow and less susceptible to deformation of the connecting portion having a certain strength but also has a certain rigidity flexible material integrally molded production.

[0012] 本发明的实施例所提供的优点如下。 [0012] The advantages of embodiments of the present invention are as follows.

[0013] 结构简单,调节方便,成本低,佩戴舒适方便,夜间和空闲时使用,不影响正常生活。 [0013] structure is simple, easy to adjust, low cost, convenient and comfortable to wear, use and idle at night, it does not affect normal life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1是本发明的侧视图。 [0014] FIG. 1 is a side view of the present invention.

[0015] 图2是本发明的俯视图。 [0015] FIG. 2 is a plan view of the invention.

[0016]图3是本发明矫正部俯视图。 [0016] FIG. 3 is a plan view of the correction unit of the present invention.

[0017] 图4是本发明牵引部俯视图。 [0017] FIG. 4 is a plan view of a traction unit according to the present invention.

[0018] 图5是本发明牵引带部分立体图。 [0018] FIG. 5 is a partial perspective view of the invention with traction.

[0019] 图6是本发明实施例一矫正部的分解图。 [0019] FIG. 6 is an exploded view of the present invention, a correction unit according to embodiment.

[0020] 图7是本发明实施例一矫正部装配图。 [0020] FIG. 7 is a diagram of a correction unit assembly embodiment of the present invention in FIG.

[0021]图8是本发明实施例一矫正弓俯视图。 [0021] FIG 8 is a plan view of bow correction of the present embodiment of the invention.

[0022]图9是本发明实施例二矫正部立体图。 [0022] FIG. 9 is a perspective view of two embodiments of the present invention the correction section.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023]下面结合附图对本发明做进一步说明,应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用于解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 [0023] DRAWINGS The present invention is further described, it should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely for explaining the present invention, not to limit the present invention.

[0024] 如图1至图4所示,一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,包括矫正部10和牵引部20,矫正部10设置于使用者牙弓的外侧,牵引部20与矫正部10的一端连接后,绕过使用者颈部,再与矫正部10的另一端连接,矫正部10通过牵引部20的牵拉,对牙弓施加外力,从而达到正畸的目的。 [0024] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 A neck traction oral orthodontic appliances, including 20, correction portion correcting portion 10 is provided and a traction unit 10 to the outside of the arch of a user, the traction unit 20 and the correction portion 10 after the end of the connection, bypassing the user's neck, and then connected to the other end portion 10 of the correction, the correction unit 10 by pulling the traction unit 20, the external force is applied to the arch, so as to achieve the purpose of orthodontics.

[0025] 如图1至图4所示,矫正部包括矫正弓1和防护连接部2,防护连接部2设置于矫正弓1的外侧,防护连接部2两端设有连接构件7,用于连接牵引部20,矫正弓1与牙弓接触,直接对牙弓施加作用力,防护连接部2与牵引部20连接,将牵引部20牵引力施加给矫正弓1形成向内的矫正力,并且防护连接部2具有一定的刚性,用于抵抗牵引部20对使用者面部的作用力,防止对面部产生勒痕。 [0025] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, includes a correction unit correcting the bow portion 1 and a shield connector 2, shield connecting portion 2 is provided on the outside of correcting a bow, shield connecting portion 2 at both ends of the connecting member 7 is provided, for traction connection portion 20, in contact with the arch to correct a bow, a force is applied, the connecting portion 20 is connected protection unit 2 directly arch traction, the traction applied to the traction portion 20 is formed to correct a bow inward force correction, and protection connector portion 2 having a certain rigidity, for resisting the biasing force of traction unit 20 the user's face, the face Le Hen prevented.

[0026]如图3所示,由于外力牵拉提供的矫正力主要作用至前牙牙弓区域,再通过前牙弓部分向后传导,因此,矫正弓1抵靠牙齿的范围从门牙向后延伸不超过第一小臼齿9。 [0026] As shown in FIG. 3, the pulling force of the correction force to provide the main effect of anterior teeth arch area, and then conducted through the rearward portion of the front arch, thus correcting the bow against a range incisor tooth extending rearwardly from no more than 9 first premolar. 矫正弓1与牙弓的接触部位设置为健康牙弓的弯曲形状,且接触面上设有防滑纹11,防止矫正部10 相对牙齿左右滑动,影响矫正效果。 Correction bow 1 is provided with a curved contact portion arch shape health of the dental arch, and the contact surface is provided with non-slip pattern 11, prevents the slide portion 10 relative to the orthodontic influence correction.

[0027] 如图1、图4和图5所示,牵引部20包括两端的牵引带3和中部的牵引衬垫4,牵引带3 和牵引衬垫4均由织物制成,牵引带3具有弹性,且牵引带3上设有长度调节装置8,可以方便地调节牵引带3的长度,以达到调节矫正牵引力大小目的,牵引衬垫4至于枕后的位置,相比牵引带要宽厚些,用于减小对使用者颈枕部位的压强,增加舒适度。 [0027] As shown in FIG. 1, 4 and 5, both ends of traction unit 20 comprises a traction and a traction pad 3 with 4 central traction belt 3 and a traction pad 4 by the fabric, having a traction belt 3 elasticity and traction belt length adjustment device 3 is provided with 8, can easily adjust the length of the traction belt 3, in order to regulate the size of the object correct traction, the traction pad 4. As the position of the pillow, as compared to tolerably leash, for reducing pressure on the occipital part of the user, for added comfort.

[0028]如图2和图5所示,牵引带3的两端还设有连接构件5和连接构件6,连接构件5与矫正部10上的连接构件7之间配合连接成可拆卸连接,方便使用者佩戴和摘取,牵引带3通过连接构件6与牵引衬垫4之间配合连接成可拆卸连接,便于对牵引带3等部件进行调换。 [0028] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 5, both ends of the traction belt 3 is also provided with a connection member 5 and the connecting members 6, 7 is connected between the mating member and the connecting member 5 is connected to the correction portion 10 is detachably connected, worn by the user and easy removal of the traction belt 36 fit to removably connect the connection between traction pad 4 through the connecting member 3 and the like to facilitate traction with replacement parts.

[0029] 实施例一 [0029] Example a

[0030] 作为优选,如图6至图8所示,矫正部10为了达到佩戴时接触牙弓的矫正弓1部分的舒适性和防护连接部2需要提供足够的结构刚度的性能要求,矫正弓1和防护连接部2分别采用不同的材料制成,装配组合在一起,达到更好的使用效果,矫正弓1由柔软的缓冲材料制成,包括牙弓区12和前端凸出区13,前端凸出区13上设有凹槽14,防护连接部2采用不易受力变形的刚性材料制成,包括中部的装配区21和两端的防护连接区22,装配区21装配设置于矫正弓的前端凸出区的凹槽14内,防护连接区22上设有连接构件7,用于和牵引部20连接。 [0030] Advantageously, as shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. 8, the correction unit 10 in order to achieve correct arch of the bow when worn in contact with a portion of the comfort and protection unit 2 are connected need to provide sufficient structural rigidity performance requirements, the bow correction 1 and the shield connecting portion 2 are made of different materials, assembled together, achieve better results, to correct a bow made of a soft cushioning material, comprising a distal arch region 12 and a protruding region 13, distal end protruding region 13 is provided with recesses 14, shield connecting portion 2 is made of a rigid material less susceptible to deformation forces, the assembly includes a guard connecting region 21 and central region 22 ends, mounting assembly 21 is provided in the region of the front end of the bow correction 14, guard area projecting connecting region provided with a groove 22 of the connecting member 7, 20 portion for connecting and traction.

[0031] 实施例二 [0031] Second Embodiment

[0032]作为另一优选,如图9所示,为了简化结构,减少加工工艺,矫正部丨〇的矫正弓丄和防护连接部2由不易受力变形同时又具有一定柔性的材料一体成型制成。 [0032] As another preferred, as shown, in order to simplify the structure, reduce the processing, the correction unit correcting bow Shang Shu square shield connecting portion 2 and less susceptible to deformation by a force at the same time has a flexible material made of integrally molded 9 to make.

Claims (4)

1. 一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,其特征在于,包括矫正部和牵引部,所述矫正部设置于使用者牙弓的外侧,所述牵引部与所述矫正部的一端连接后,绕过使用者颈部,再与所述矫正部的另一端连接,矫正部通过牵引部的牵拉,对牙弓施加外力,所述矫正部包括矫正弓和防护连接部,所述防护连接部设置于矫正弓的外侧,所述防护连接部两端设有连接构件, 用于连接所述牵引部,所述矫正弓包括与牙齿接触的牙弓区和前端凸出区,所述前端凸出区上设有凹槽,所述防护连接部包括中部的装配区和两端的防护连接区,所述装配区装配设置于所述凹槽内,所述防护连接区上设有所述连接构件。 A neck traction oral orthodontic appliances, wherein the traction unit includes a correction unit and the correction unit is provided on the outside of the arch of a user, said rear end portion of the pulling portion is connected to the correction, bypassing the user's neck, and then connected to the other end portion of the correction, the correction unit by pulling the traction unit, the external force is applied to the arch, the arch and the correction unit comprises a correction shield connecting portion, the guard portion is connected provided for correcting bow outward, the shield connecting portion is provided at both ends of the connection member for connecting the traction section, the bow correction arch region comprises a distal end in contact with the teeth and the protruding region, said front end projecting the region provided with a groove, said connecting portion comprises a protective shield connector fitting region and the central region of the ends, the assembly zone disposed within said fitting recess, said shield member is provided on the connection region of the connection.
2. 如权利要求1所述的一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,其特征在于,所述牵引部包括两端的牵引带和中部的牵引衬垫。 One kind of the neck of the traction oral orthodontic appliances as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the traction unit comprises a traction pad leash ends and the middle.
3. 如权利要求2所述的一种颈后牵引式口腔矫正器具,其特征在于,所述牵引市与所述牵引衬垫之间为可拆卸连接。 Correcting one kind of neck traction oral appliance according to claim 2, characterized in that, with the traction of the traction city is a detachable connection between the pad. Shang
4.如权利要求2臓的-㈣后糾式口腔矫正顯,嫌赃于,獅軒1市上设有长度5周$15頓求2臓的—种颈后牵㈣卩騰腿具,繼赃于,麟制1賴有弹十千。 After correction formula -㈣ oral appliances as claimed in claim 2 were Zang, too dirty to lion Xuan 1 is provided with a length of 5 weeks ShangXi Dayton request $ 15 2 Zang - the kind of neck with retractor legs (iv) Jie Tang, following the stolen to, Lin Lai has made a bomb than ten kilo. 6.如权求1所述的—种颈后牵㈣口騰正器具,嫌征奸,靡矫正部抵靠牙龋麟遞具,彳赃于,贼_部与牙s 的接rssss的一种颈后牵弓丨式口腔矫正器具,其特征在于,所述矫正部与所述牵引部的连接为可拆卸连接。 6. The required weight of 1 - (iv) kind neck retractor opening positive Teng appliance, characterized rape too extravagant correction unit against the gingiva with Lin handed, left foot on stolen, an access rssss thief _ portion of the dental s Shu neck pull bow of formula oral orthodontic appliances, wherein the correction unit is connected with the traction portion is a detachable connection.
CN201510414719.4A 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances CN105266908B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510414719.4A CN105266908B (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510414719.4A CN105266908B (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105266908A CN105266908A (en) 2016-01-27
CN105266908B true CN105266908B (en) 2017-11-07

Family

ID=55137334

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510414719.4A CN105266908B (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 One kind of neck traction oral orthodontic appliances

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105266908B (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4330272A (en) * 1980-03-04 1982-05-18 Bergersen Earl Olaf Means for attaching a headgear to a positioner
CN101039632A (en) * 2004-10-14 2007-09-19 克里斯多佛·约翰·法雷尔 Oral appliance
CN101410071A (en) * 2006-03-28 2009-04-15 松下电工株式会社 Dentition correcting device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4330272A (en) * 1980-03-04 1982-05-18 Bergersen Earl Olaf Means for attaching a headgear to a positioner
CN101039632A (en) * 2004-10-14 2007-09-19 克里斯多佛·约翰·法雷尔 Oral appliance
CN101410071A (en) * 2006-03-28 2009-04-15 松下电工株式会社 Dentition correcting device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105266908A (en) 2016-01-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5666973A (en) Device to reduce or prevent night clenching and grinding of teeth and snoring
US4708646A (en) Orthodontic device for correcting the bite
EP1645252B1 (en) Removable intra-oral corrective anti-snoring device
WO2005117776A2 (en) Mandibular advancement orthesis
US7556044B2 (en) Occlusal splint
CN101822862A (en) Respiratory masks with gusseted cushions
CN1655731A (en) Dental appliances having attachable upper and lower halves and systems and methods for treating malocclusions
CA2540116C (en) Dental appliance
US7832404B2 (en) Low profile mouthguard
US20070224567A1 (en) Dental orthotic and methods of using the same
US2259160A (en) Orthodontic device
CN101636122A (en) Orthodontic appliances
JP5815668B2 (en) Method and apparatus for vacuum forming dental equipment
US7347209B2 (en) Free breathing apparatus
CA2679451C (en) Appliance, system and method for preventing snoring
JP2005095218A (en) Treatment device for snore and sleep apnea syndrome
WO2007131045A3 (en) Intraoral mandibular advancement device for treatment of sleep disorders
CA2912311C (en) Incremental adjustable mandibular advancement device for preventing and treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
JP2005095218A5 (en)
US6027340A (en) Orthodontic appliance for correcting class III malocclusion
US20150202397A1 (en) Patient interface assembly with force limiter
US3314423A (en) Means for protecting the mouth
US7404404B2 (en) Anterior sextant dental bite tray apparatus
CN102123678B (en) Composite oral appliances
CN107072806A (en) Sleep apnea oral appliance for use during orthodontic treatment

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01