CN105265497A - Preparation method for fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive - Google Patents

Preparation method for fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105265497A
CN105265497A CN201510745333.1A CN201510745333A CN105265497A CN 105265497 A CN105265497 A CN 105265497A CN 201510745333 A CN201510745333 A CN 201510745333A CN 105265497 A CN105265497 A CN 105265497A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
additive
preparation
parts
disinsection
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CN201510745333.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李钰斌
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Guangxi Nanning Shengqian Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guangxi Nanning Shengqian Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510745333.1A priority Critical patent/CN105265497A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method for a fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive. The fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive is prepared through the steps that ricinus communis, thunder god vines, derris roots, radix sophorae flavescentis, szechwan chinaberry fruits, ageratum conyzoides, Chinese prickly ash seed powder and citrus peel are prepared into an extracting solution through an alcohol extracting technology, and then the extracting solution is concentrated, dried, smashed, screened and evenly mixed. According to the preparation method, the fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive is prepared by extracting effective ingredients of multiple plants with the disinsection and sterilization effects, damage of soil insects of crops can be effectively prevented and controlled, and meanwhile the problems such as soil hardening, losing and depleting which are caused by the fact that chemical prevention and control pesticides such as phoxim and chlorpyrifos are used for preventing and controlling the soil insects are prevented from occurring; when the additive is used, the additive is mixed into fertilizer to be jointly applied, the fertilizer-pesticide dual effects are achieved, labor, time and cost can be saved, and the labor intensity and frequency of farmers are reduced; the raw materials are wide in source, the price is low, the preparation technology is simple, the preparation cost is low, and the wide application and popularization prospects are achieved.

Description

A kind of preparation method mixing fertile Biocidal additive
Technical field
The invention belongs to crop pest control technical field, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method mixing fertile Biocidal additive, during use, this is mixed fertile Biocidal additive and be mixed in fertilizer and jointly use.
Background technology
Sugarcane, peanut, corn, Ipomoea batatas and vegetables etc. are the staple crops kinds in southern especially Guangxi, are the sources that increasing peasant income are got rich.But due to proportion of crop planting by soil restriction, crop rotation difficulty, continuous cropping is inevitable, and under soil temperature and the higher condition of humidity, easily grow soil insect, vegetables in recent years, corn, that the plantation of potato class is subject to the harm of soil insect is day by day serious, ternip " flower skin " does not sell, Ipomoea batatas occurs that " evil mind " output reduces by half, and these are all because causing harm of soil insect is caused, the even underproduction or the total crop failure of some local crops.Soil insect not only affects the industry development of agricultural, also affects increasing crop yield and increases income the income with peasant.Therefore elimination of underground destructive pests prevention and control research is carried out extremely urgent.
Soil insect kind is many, and mainly contain mole cricket, grub, wireworm, cutworm, root maggot etc. 10 multiclass, occurs in spring and autumn, cause harm the seed, root, cauline leaf etc. of crops, after being injured, the lighter wilts, growth retardation, serious then withered and dead, cause the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling, so that crop production reduction.Because soil insect is caused harm with larva, adult, children (if) worm all can cause harm, the under ground portion living in soil plant of causing harm for a long time is hidden by day and come out at night and to be caused harm at nearly native face place; The feature all can caused harm in above and below ground, prevents and treats more difficult.
And the prevention and controls of soil insect is mainly executed based on chemical pesticide soil such as chemical control pesticide phoxim, chlopyrifos at present.The prior art such as taken passages below:
1, Chinese patent (200910209738.8) discloses a kind of Pesticidal combination, and the active ingredient of composition is A and B two kinds of active substances, and wherein A is tefluthrin, and B is the one in anabasine insecticide Acetamiprid, Imidacloprid, Diacloden.The mass ratio of A and B is 60: 1-1: 80.The present composition has obvious synergistic effect, can reduce effective ingredient consumption and reduce spraying times, for preventing and treating agriculturally various pests, is particularly useful for control chafer larva, flea beetle larva, root-knot nematode.
2, Chinese patent (201110372231.1) discloses a kind of sugarcane fertilizer and production method of preventing and treating soil insect, and its raw material comprises inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer, medicament, plant growth regulator and binding agent; The percentage by weight that its each component accounts for sugarcane fertilizer gross weight is: inorganic fertilizer 45%-92%, fertilizer 7-50%, medicament 0.25%-3.5%, plant modifying agent 0.04%-0.05%, binding agent 0.075%-3.0%; Described medicament is the combination of phoxim, chlopyrifos and Imidacloprid or MTI-446, the weight proportion between component: phoxim: chlopyrifos: Imidacloprid or MTI-446 are 1-2:1:0.1-4.5; Described plant growth regulator is compound sodium nitrophenolate.Product of the present invention had both met the demand to nutrition in sugarcane production process comprehensively, and it plays control Sugarcane Pests snout moth's larva, sugarcane tortoise, grub, double effect controlling the insect such as cotten aphid, longicorn simultaneously, improves output and sugar content, again reduces production cost.
3, Chinese patent (201510336514.9) discloses a kind of composition preventing and treating soil insect, it is characterized in that insecticidal active ingredient is Benfuracard micro and chlorine chlorfenapyr, the weight ratio of Benfuracard micro and chlorine chlorfenapyr is 1-40 ︰ 1-40, the weight percentage that active ingredient accounts for composition total weight is 1%-80%, and composition comprises granule or wetting powder, water dispersible granules, suspending agent, aqueous emulsion, micro-capsule suspension according to the formulation that formulations of pesticide processing method is processed.Active ingredient chlorine chlorfenapyr of the present invention and Benfuracard micro are after composite, there is double action mechanism, control soil insect has obvious synergistic effect and lasting control efficiency, not only expand insecticidal spectrum, can prevent and treat the soil insect such as nematode, grub, also expand the scope of application, may be used for the crop such as corn, vegetables, and decrease the consumption of medicine.
But due to long-term single administration, cause the pesticide resistance of soil insect to strengthen, also result in pollution to soil environment, soil compaction, running off has had a strong impact on the quality safety of crops with the problem such as barren, has also jeopardized health simultaneously simultaneously.
Therefore, seek the fertilizer of the control soil insect of environmental protection, prevent and treat the harm of elimination of underground destructive pests better, the ecological balance protected the fields helps increasing crop yield to be the current task of top priority simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of preparation method mixing fertile Biocidal additive.During use; this is mixed fertile Biocidal additive to be mixed in fertilizer and jointly to use, effectively can prevent and treat the harm of elimination of underground destructive pests, improve crop yield; again can available protecting agricultural ecological balance, keep soil from packing together, run off with the generation of the problem such as barren.
Concrete, a kind of preparation method mixing fertile Biocidal additive, comprises the following steps:
(1) plant material is taken by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 4-10 part, thunder godvine 4-10 part, derris root 4-10 part, kuh-seng 2-6 part, Fructus meliae toosendan 2-6 part, Ageratum conyzoides 2-6 part, zanthoxylum powder 1-5 part, orange peel 1-5 part, through pulverizing, crossing 40-60 mesh sieve, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add plant material compound gross weight 8-12 medicinal alcohol doubly, lixiviate 2-4h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 60-100 mesh sieve, mixing, to obtain final product.
Compared with prior art, the significant beneficial effect that the present invention reaches is:
(1) the present invention mixes fertile Biocidal additive and is prepared from through extracting active ingredient by the multiple plant with pesticide-germicide effect, effectively preventing and treating the harm of elimination of underground destructive pests, avoiding causing soil compaction because using the control soil insects such as chemical control pesticide phoxim, chlopyrifos simultaneously, run off with the generation of the problem such as barren.
(2) the present invention mixes fertile Biocidal additive in use, is mixed in fertilizer and jointly uses, and plays fertilizer, medicine double effects, can saving of labor, save time, save money, alleviate labour intensity and the work number of times of peasant.
(3) to mix the raw material sources that fertile Biocidal additive adopts wide, cheap in the present invention, and preparation technology is simple, and preparation cost is low, has wide popularizing application prospect.
Embodiment
Be described in further detail the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment, the present embodiment is only do clearer explanation to the present invention, instead of limitation of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all drop within protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 10 parts, thunder godvine 4 parts, derris root 7 parts, kuh-seng 2 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 4 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 5 parts, zanthoxylum powder 1 part, orange peel 5 parts, through pulverizing, crossing 50 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 10 times, lixiviate 3h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 80 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 2
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 4 parts, thunder godvine 7 parts, derris root 10 parts, kuh-seng 6 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 2 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 6 parts, zanthoxylum powder 5 parts, orange peel 1 part, through pulverizing, crossing 40 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 12 times, lixiviate 4h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 3
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 7 parts, thunder godvine 7 parts, derris root 7 parts, kuh-seng 4 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 4 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 4 parts, zanthoxylum powder 2 parts, orange peel 6 parts, through pulverizing, crossing 60 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 8 times, lixiviate 4h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 80 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 4
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 4 parts, thunder godvine 4 parts, derris root 10 parts, kuh-seng 6 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 6 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 3 parts, zanthoxylum powder 3 parts, orange peel 2 parts, through pulverizing, crossing 50 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 10 times, lixiviate 3h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 5
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 6 parts, thunder godvine 6 parts, derris root 6 parts, kuh-seng 4 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 6 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 2 parts, zanthoxylum powder 6 parts, orange peel 6 parts, through pulverizing, crossing 50 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 8 times, lixiviate 6h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 6
Mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, comprise the following steps:
(1) take plant material by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 8 parts, thunder godvine 4 parts, derris root 4 parts, kuh-seng 2 parts, Fructus meliae toosendan 4 parts, Ageratum conyzoides 6 parts, zanthoxylum powder 3 parts, orange peel 4 parts, through pulverizing, crossing 50 mesh sieves, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add the medicinal alcohol of plant material compound gross weight 10 times, lixiviate 3h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 80 mesh sieves, mixing, to obtain final product.

Claims (1)

1. mix a preparation method for fertile Biocidal additive, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) plant material is taken by following parts by weight: castor-oil plant 4-10 part, thunder godvine 4-10 part, derris root 4-10 part, kuh-seng 2-6 part, Fructus meliae toosendan 2-6 part, Ageratum conyzoides 2-6 part, zanthoxylum powder 1-5 part, orange peel 1-5 part, through pulverizing, crossing 40-60 mesh sieve, mixing, obtains plant material compound;
(2) add plant material compound gross weight 8-12 medicinal alcohol doubly, lixiviate 2-4h, filter and remove filter residue, obtain alcohol extract;
(3) alcohol extract reduced pressure concentration is become paste, dry, pulverize, cross 60-100 mesh sieve, mixing, to obtain final product.
CN201510745333.1A 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Preparation method for fertilizer-mixing biological disinsection additive Pending CN105265497A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107602208A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-01-19 佛山推启农业研究院(普通合伙) A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich crowndaisy chrysanthemum
CN114009429A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-08 张艳华 Plant protective agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN114230397A (en) * 2021-12-25 2022-03-25 江苏小禾生物技术研究院有限公司 Agricultural fertilizer capable of preventing and treating plant diseases and insect pests

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1171198A (en) * 1997-06-25 1998-01-28 陈志军 0.08% matrine aqua
CN103190451A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 海南正业中农高科股份有限公司 Oligochitosan and plant source substance-containing agricultural composition and applications
CN104430604A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 青岛罗素生物技术有限公司 Oxymatrine emulsifiable concentrate pesticide

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1171198A (en) * 1997-06-25 1998-01-28 陈志军 0.08% matrine aqua
CN103190451A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 海南正业中农高科股份有限公司 Oligochitosan and plant source substance-containing agricultural composition and applications
CN104430604A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 青岛罗素生物技术有限公司 Oxymatrine emulsifiable concentrate pesticide

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107602208A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-01-19 佛山推启农业研究院(普通合伙) A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich crowndaisy chrysanthemum
CN114009429A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-08 张艳华 Plant protective agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN114230397A (en) * 2021-12-25 2022-03-25 江苏小禾生物技术研究院有限公司 Agricultural fertilizer capable of preventing and treating plant diseases and insect pests

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