CN105265392A - Method for improving yield and quality of Chinese bee honey - Google Patents

Method for improving yield and quality of Chinese bee honey Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105265392A
CN105265392A CN201510653360.6A CN201510653360A CN105265392A CN 105265392 A CN105265392 A CN 105265392A CN 201510653360 A CN201510653360 A CN 201510653360A CN 105265392 A CN105265392 A CN 105265392A
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bee
honey
honeybee
chinese
quality
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CN201510653360.6A
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CN105265392B (en
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杨传全
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Nanning Quanjian Bee Culturing Farm
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Nanning Quanjian Bee Culturing Farm
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for improving the yield and quality of Chinese bee honey. The Chinese bee has the advantages of capability of taking advantage of sporadic nectariferous plants, strong gathering power, high utilization efficiency, long period of honey gathering, high adaptability, and high resistance to mites and diseases. While, the Italian bee is larger than the Chinese bee and docile, has strong spawning and feeding capacity, is able to suddenly gather a large quantity of nectar sources, and has strong bleeding capacity. The method comprises the steps of putting the honeycomb spleens of raised Chinese bees in the bee hive of raised Italian bees to feed the Italian bees for 1-2 days and taking the honeycomb spleens back to the bee hive of the Chinese bees, wherein the honeycomb spleens contain Chinese bee egg spleens. The method combines the advantages of the Chinese bee and the Italian bee. Through Italian bee feeding, the adult Chinese bee is strong, the gathering and bleeding abilities of the Chinese bee are improved, and the yield and quality of honey are improved. The produced honey is deep yellow, has a unique taste, is mellow, and has high concentration, and the honey is sweet and delicious, and is of rich nutrition.

Description

The method of the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in raising
Technical field
The present invention relates to bee raising method, be specifically related to the method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in a kind of raising.
Background technology
Apis cerana, also known as Chinese honeybee, middle honeybee, scoliid, subspecies of Eastern bee, it is Chinese exclusive honeybee govern-house-variety, it is the main insect pollinator based on the forest community of weedtree tree and traditional farming, utilize fragmentary nectariferous plant, collection power is strong, availability is higher, honey harvest is long and adaptability, anti-mite resistance against diseases are strong, consume the advantage that feed waits apis mellifera Linnaeus incomparable less, be applicable to very much Chinese Mountain Areas fixed point raising.
The flight of middle honeybee is quick, has a sharp sense of smell, and goes out nest early, goes back to the nest late, the time going out every day to gather more than apis mellifera Linnaeus 2 ~ 3 little time, excel at leveraging fragmentary nectar source.Make spleen ability strong, like new spleen, like to gnaw old spleen; Anti-honeybee mite and American foul brood ability by force, but easily infect Chinese bee sacbrood, are subject to galleria mellonella waxmoth harm; Like migrating, especially easily abandon nest at scarce honey or when threatening by sick harmful animal and move; Easy generation natural swarm and robber honeybee; Do not adopt natural gum, the ability of secretion royal jelly is poor; Queen bee day, egg laying amount was fewer than apis mellifera, and group's gesture is little.
Apis mellifera (being called for short Apis mellifera) in apis mellifera is one of China's main honeybee kind of carrying out migratory beekeeping; In China's natural ecosystems, although have many overlapping on ecological niche with middle honeybee, but its individual character has much difference, worker bee olfactory sensibility as Apis mellifera is lower, not easily find dispersion, the low shrub sporadicly bloomed and herbaceous plant, as Cruciferae, the rose family, Anacardiaceae, Theaceae, Araliaceae, Labiatae, composite family, Curcurbitaceae etc.The plant dispersion of these kinds, short and small, grow in shelter from the sun more.When blooming, middle honeybee is the person that mainly do not pick flowers, and the worker bee of Apis mellifera seldom goes.In addition, in same collecting region, middle honeybee to go out acquisition time every day than Apis mellifera ahead of time and postpone, general many 2 ~ 3h.Therefore, middle honeybee all exceedes Apis mellifera to the breadth and depth that eciophyte is pollinated.Honeybee of being anticipated replaces and causes endemic plant total amount of pollinating to reduce middle honeybee, and various plants is pollinated and is affected, the population quantity of some kinds reduces until finally die out gradually, and result to cause in mountain forest Plant Diversity to reduce.
The worker bee of middle honeybee normally can run collection activity temperature about 7 DEG C, and the Aba subspecies in Aba area, Sichuan, when temperature is at 3 DEG C ~ 4 DEG C, worker bee just out gathers.Have report, Fujian Province expert measures: January December to next year, Nanjing County, Fujian eight leaf slender acanthopanax flowering stage, and when when temperature less than 14 DEG C, the worker bee that middle bee colony goes out to gather on average exceeds Apis mellifera 3 times.It is 6.5 DEG C that safety gathers honeybee in temperature, and Apis mellifera is 11.0 DEG C, and middle honeybee worker honeybees foraging activity temperature is lower than Apis mellifera 3 DEG C ~ about 5 DEG C.Honeybee during if Apis mellifera replaces, the species that early spring and late fall bloom in lower temperature, as Eurya plant belongs to.Elsholtzia willd, composite family, some kinds such as Cruciferae, its pollination is adversely effected.
In order to middle beekeeping equipment has Apis mellifera individuality strong, stronger assault is had to gather power and bleeding ability to large nectar source; The present inventor studies for a long period of time to this, and now have developed beekeeping equipment in a kind of can realization has the method for these advantages.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of middle honeybee and can have strong physique, improve collection and the bleeding ability of centre forward, improve the seed output and quality of honey; Its nectarine of the honey of output is deep yellow, special taste, strong and brisk in taste and concentration is high; Fragrant and sweet good to eat, nutritious method.
The honey that middle honeybee produces has higher medical value, and middle honey is also scoliid honey.Scoliid honey is rich in the Multiple components such as glucose, fructose, amino acid and vitamin, often edible have clearing heat and detoxicating, bowl spares is moisturized, beauty treatment, anti-ageing effect of waiting for a long time.But middle honeybee honey yield is low, in order to this shortcoming of honeybee in improving, the present inventor's centering honeybee and these two kinds of honeybee kinds of Apis mellifera study for a long period of time, and when in the middle of finding, the individuality of honeybee is strong, its acquisition capacity will strengthen, and can improve its honey yield; And middle honeybee can gather all sorts of flowers, fragmentary nectar source can be excelled at leveraging especially; The honey amount of such output is many, and quality is good, and medical value is higher.
The method of the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in a kind of raising of the present invention, it is characterized in that: described method is the honeycomb spleen of being raised by middle honeybee, honeycomb spleen contains middle honeybee ovum spleen; Put into the beehive of raising and having Apis mellifera, feed honeycomb spleen 1 ~ 2 day to Apis mellifera; Got again and played back to the nursing of middle honeybee beehive.
Described middle larva of bee spleen is the small grub of hatching within 24 hours.
Described to Apis mellifera feed in larva of bee can be middle honeybee bee pupa.
It is 6 ~ 8 that one case described Apis mellifera once puts into described honeycomb spleen number.
Described middle honeybee honeycomb spleen, before putting into Apis mellifera beehive, carries out disinfection to it; Take out from Apis mellifera case, put to middle honeybee beehive, it is carried out disinfection.
Compared with prior art, its outstanding substantive distinguishing features and significant progress are in the present invention:
1, middle honeybee honeycomb spleen is given Apis mellifera nursing, honeybee ovum spleen in after Apis mellifera is fed by the present invention, then in warp, honeybee is raised, and grow the honeybee for maturation, this kind of honeybee individuality is strong, has stronger assault to gather power to large nectar source; There is stronger bleeding ability.
2, the honeybee of gained of the present invention is individual large, has the habit of middle honeybee, and as taken action flexibly, having a sharp sense of smell, cold-resistant, heat hardiness strong, swarmming property and secrete that wax ability is strong, migrating property is strong and the habit such as premunition is strong.
3, the honey of the honeybee output of gained of the present invention solidifies viscous pasty state, and be mixing honey, its nectarine is deep yellow, gathers all sorts of flowers and form it have special taste, strong and brisk in taste and concentration is high through fully brewageing; Fragrant and sweet good to eat, nutritious.
Embodiment
Time following, the present invention is described in more detail.
The method of the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in a kind of raising of the present invention, Apis mellifera is bad to utilize fragmentary nectar source, when implementing method of the present invention, needs to carry out under abundant nectar source environment; It is characterized in that: described method is that honeycomb spleen contains middle larva of bee spleen by the honeycomb spleen of honeybee in raising; Put into the beehive of the Apis mellifera of raising, feed 1 ~ 2 day to Apis mellifera; Apis mellifera disposition is docile, and have stronger nurture ability, can clear up honeycomb in time, Dui Kang Testis worm ability is strong; Bring back middle honeybee beehive again to feed.In warp, honeybee feeds the middle honeybee that growth is maturation, and in this kind, the individual middle honeybee individuality than middle honeybee nursing merely of honeybee is bigger, and individuality is strongr; Comparatively jumpbogroup gesture can be maintained; Stronger assault can either be had to large nectar source and gather power, fragmentary nectar source can be excelled at leveraging again; Also there is stronger bleeding ability; It can larger raising honey yield, improves the situation that middle honeybee honey yield is low; And the honey of institute's output solidifies viscous pasty state, be mixing honey, its nectarine is deep yellow, gathers all sorts of flowers and forms it have special taste, strong and brisk in taste and concentration is high through fully brewageing; Fragrant and sweet good to eat, nutritious, improve the quality of honey.
Described middle larva of bee spleen is the small grub of hatching within 24 hours.
Described to Apis mellifera feed in larva of bee can be middle honeybee bee pupa.
It is 6 ~ 8 that one case described Apis mellifera once puts into described honeycomb spleen number.
Described middle honeybee honeycomb spleen, before putting into Apis mellifera beehive, carries out disinfection to it; Take out from Apis mellifera case, put to middle honeybee beehive, it is carried out disinfection.

Claims (5)

1. a method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in improving, it is characterized in that: described method is the honeycomb spleen of being raised by middle honeybee, honeycomb spleen contains middle larva of bee spleen; Put into the beehive of raising and having Apis mellifera, feed honeycomb spleen 1 ~ 2 day to Apis mellifera; Got again and played back to the nursing of middle honeybee beehive.
2. the method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in raising according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described middle larva of bee spleen is the small grub of hatching within 24 hours.
3. the method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in raising according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feed to Apis mellifera in larva of bee can be middle honeybee bee pupa.
4. the method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in raising according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it is 6 ~ 8 that one case Apis mellifera once puts into described honeycomb spleen number.
5. the method for the seed output and quality of honeybee honey in raising according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described middle honeybee honeycomb spleen, before putting into Apis mellifera beehive, carries out disinfection to it; Take out from Apis mellifera case, put to middle honeybee beehive, it is carried out disinfection.
CN201510653360.6A 2015-10-12 2015-10-12 The method of the yield and quality of bee honey in raising Active CN105265392B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108967369A (en) * 2018-10-10 2018-12-11 金华市农业科学研究院 A kind of method that middle bee borrows slurry to educate king
CN110604100A (en) * 2019-10-29 2019-12-24 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Method for establishing Chinese bee-Italian bee mixed colony model
CN111398498A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-07-10 中国农业科学院蜜蜂研究所 Application of indole-3-methyl acetate in identifying apis cerana honey and apis mellifera honey

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11113445A (en) * 1997-10-21 1999-04-27 Takenobu Ueda Bed for raising insect
JP2001204298A (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-31 Saikachi:Kk Method of rearing larva of beetles and rearing apparatus therefor
CN101548660A (en) * 2009-02-26 2009-10-07 慈溪市畜牧兽医技术推广中心 Artificial cultivation method of apis cerana queen
CN101642081A (en) * 2009-09-05 2010-02-10 高崇东 Apis mellifera ligustica involving in rearing queen bee of Apis cerana
CN104396885A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-11 天津市正达蜂业有限公司 Numerical-control double-hive bee-keeping method
CN104904662A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-09-16 彭泽君 Queen rearing carried out by apis cerana and apis mellifera in trophallaxis mode

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11113445A (en) * 1997-10-21 1999-04-27 Takenobu Ueda Bed for raising insect
JP2001204298A (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-31 Saikachi:Kk Method of rearing larva of beetles and rearing apparatus therefor
CN101548660A (en) * 2009-02-26 2009-10-07 慈溪市畜牧兽医技术推广中心 Artificial cultivation method of apis cerana queen
CN101642081A (en) * 2009-09-05 2010-02-10 高崇东 Apis mellifera ligustica involving in rearing queen bee of Apis cerana
CN104396885A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-11 天津市正达蜂业有限公司 Numerical-control double-hive bee-keeping method
CN104904662A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-09-16 彭泽君 Queen rearing carried out by apis cerana and apis mellifera in trophallaxis mode

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Title
郑元明: "防治"中囊病"的好办法——利用意蜂哺育中蜂蜂王幼虫", 《蜜蜂杂志》 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108967369A (en) * 2018-10-10 2018-12-11 金华市农业科学研究院 A kind of method that middle bee borrows slurry to educate king
CN108967369B (en) * 2018-10-10 2020-09-11 金华市农业科学研究院 Chinese bee queen breeding method by means of royal jelly
CN110604100A (en) * 2019-10-29 2019-12-24 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Method for establishing Chinese bee-Italian bee mixed colony model
CN110604100B (en) * 2019-10-29 2021-08-24 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Method for establishing Chinese bee-Italian bee mixed colony model
CN111398498A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-07-10 中国农业科学院蜜蜂研究所 Application of indole-3-methyl acetate in identifying apis cerana honey and apis mellifera honey

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