CN105265240A - Rose cultivating room - Google Patents

Rose cultivating room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105265240A
CN105265240A CN201510797528.0A CN201510797528A CN105265240A CN 105265240 A CN105265240 A CN 105265240A CN 201510797528 A CN201510797528 A CN 201510797528A CN 105265240 A CN105265240 A CN 105265240A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
rose
raising chamber
gas
tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510797528.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈驰宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hubei Saatcni Earth Agricultural Industry Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hubei Saatcni Earth Agricultural Industry Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hubei Saatcni Earth Agricultural Industry Development Co Ltd filed Critical Hubei Saatcni Earth Agricultural Industry Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510797528.0A priority Critical patent/CN105265240A/en
Publication of CN105265240A publication Critical patent/CN105265240A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G2009/248Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like with distillation of water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a rose cultivating room which comprises a ventilation device and a temperature reduction humidifying device. The temperature reduction humidifying device comprises a water trough and a water supply pipe. The water trough is internally provided with a water pump and a control unit. The control unit comprises a controller and a humidity sensor. One end of the water supply pipe is provided with a nozzle. A water curtain device is arranged in front of the nozzle. The water curtain device comprises a bracket and a hydrophobic curtain. The ventilation device comprises a frame body which is composed of a ventilation layer, a binding layer and an air outlet layer; wherein the ventilation layer, the binding layer and the air outlet layer are successively arranged from outside to inside. The middle part of the ventilation layer is provided with a blower fan. The binding layer is provided with a binding plate. The air outlet layer is provided with a gas exchange device. The gas exchange device comprises a gas storage tank, a buffer pneumatic pump, a transfer pipeline and a gas outlet trough. The gas storage tank is connected with the gas outlet trough through the buffer pneumatic pump and the transfer pipeline. The rose cultivating room has advantages of high practicability, ventilation function and effective air purification. The rose cultivating room facilitates change of gas which is necessary for growth of rose and furthermore prevents water condensation in humidifying.

Description

A kind of rose raising chamber
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of raising chamber, be specifically related to a kind of rose raising chamber.
Background technology
Along with the popularization of modern fresh flower planting technology, utilizing raising chamber and booth to plant rose in enormous quantities becomes one of Main Means of modern fresh flower plant husbandry; But relative to the rose of open field cultivation, greenhouse cultivation room rose has fast growth, convenient advantage of cultivating anti-season fresh flower; Because raising chamber inside itself belongs to airtight integrated environment, in the raising chamber of consideration, rose necessary for growth carries out photosynthesis and respiration, is one of principal element affecting rose output in raising chamber for the ventilation in raising chamber.
The ventilation equipment of common raising chamber application, only can be communicated with raising chamber with outside raising chamber, be reached the object of air circulation by blower motor; Due to the needs in order to meet rose growth, cultivate room air and need strict control, can add carbon dioxide time suitable helps fresh flower to carry out photosynthesis, ill worm bacterium or molecule may be contained in the air in common outside, between process, be not incorporated into the normal growth that can affect rose in raising chamber, bring much unnecessary loss to plant personnel.
In addition at high temperature season, the usual relative air humidity increased by spray system, atomization system in raising chamber at present, to build the growing environment of high humidity.But water can be caused to assemble on blade face or ground by spray system or atomization system, cause local humidity excessive, soil moisture content exceeds standard, and affects the growth of rose.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and there is ventilation function, effectively purify air, be convenient for changing rose and grow necessary gas and the rose raising chamber avoiding water to assemble when humidification.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of rose raising chamber, include ventilation unit and temperature reducing humidifier, described temperature reducing humidifier includes tank and water supply line, water pump and control unit is provided with in described tank, described water pump is communicated with water supply line, described control unit comprises controller, humidity sensor, signal is reached controller by described humidity sensor, described controller is electrically connected with water pump, thus control the duty of water pump, described water supply line one end is provided with shower nozzle, described shower nozzle front is provided with water screen apparatus, described water screen apparatus comprises support and hydrophobic curtain, described the limit being configured to water screen apparatus, the face of the rack-mount formation water screen apparatus of described hydrophobic curtain, described ventilation unit comprises framework, and described framework is divided into three parts by two filter membrane nets, is followed successively by air blast layer, tack coat from outside to inside and goes out gas-bearing formation, the upper and lower of described air blast layer is provided with electrostatic precipitation module, and the middle part of described air blast layer is provided with blower fan, and the outer wall of described air blast layer is provided with outer cover, described tack coat is provided with adhesive board, and one end of described adhesive board is connected with filter membrane net, described go out gas-bearing formation be provided with air interchanger, described air interchanger comprises gas storage tank, cushion gas press pump, transfer conduit, outgassing groove, described gas storage tank is connected on outgassing groove by cushion gas press pump and transfer conduit, and the outer wall of described outgassing groove is provided with seal closure.
Preferably, water-level gauge and control valve is also included in described control unit, described water-level gauge and control valve are all electrically connected with controller, described control valve is communicated with water source, the water position status of tank is passed to controller by described water-level gauge, the duty of the signal control and regulation valve that described controller is passed over by water-level gauge.
Preferably, also include filter in described control unit, described filter is positioned at water pump front, for filtering impurities in water.
Preferably, be also provided with drainpipe in described tank, the rear of described shower nozzle is provided with air-blast device, described shower nozzle presses close to raising chamber sidewall.
Preferably, be provided with header tank below described water screen apparatus, described header tank is communicated with tank.
Preferably, described gas storage tank comprises ozone storage tank and carbonic acid gas storage tank, and described ozone storage tank and carbonic acid gas storage tank are connected on cushion gas press pump respectively by by-pass valve control.
Preferably, described outer cover is movably connected in framework on the outer wall of air blast layer by scroll box, and described outer cover is provided with rotating handles.
Preferably, described seal closure is movably connected in framework near the inwall going out gas-bearing formation by rotating shaft, and described seal closure is provided with pulling type handle, and the anglec of rotation of described rotating shaft is 0 ° ~ 180 °.
Preferably, described outer cover and seal closure are all connected with the outer wall of framework and inner wall sealing respectively by seal washer.
Preferably, described framework installation by adhering is on the body of wall of raising chamber, and described air blast layer is positioned at outside body of wall, described in go out gas-bearing formation and be positioned at body of wall.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is: 1) Based Intelligent Control humidification opportunity, when raising chamber's humidity does not reach regulation requirement, signal is reached controller by humidity sensor, controller starts water pump and supplies water, water is drenched on water screen apparatus by shower nozzle, extraneous hot blast is delivered on water screen apparatus by air-blast device, air contacts with the hydrophobic curtain of water screen apparatus, water evaporation endothermic on water screen apparatus, both reduced the temperature in raising chamber's main body, and also made the air humidity newly entered increase, thus have adjusted temperature and humidity simultaneously; 2) avoiding water to assemble causes local humidity excessive, and water unnecessary on water screen apparatus is entered in tank by header tank and circulates, and avoids water and assembles in greenhouse, also reaches the object of water saving; 3) be provided with water-level gauge, automatically for tank adds water, save labour; 4) the present invention assists the air circulation of raising chamber inside and atmosphere outside by ventilation unit, the air passed into enters into raising chamber after further filtering, decrease the germ that fine particles in air carries, facilitate the control of raising chamber's growth inside environment; Simultaneously can conveniently to the growth carrying out sterilization or carbon dioxide gas in raising chamber and assist flowers by air interchanger, simple to operation, practical function is high, greatly saves recruitment and planting cost, is applicable to the plantation of large-scale rose; 5) the present invention utilizes electrostatic precipitation principle, can remove the harmful substance in air when the resistance of not obvious increase natural ventilator, and filter membrane filters absorption simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of temperature reducing humidifier of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of ventilation unit of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the air interchanger connection diagram of ventilation unit of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing: 1, tank; 2, water supply line; 3, water pump; 4, controller; 5, humidity sensor; 6, shower nozzle; 7, water screen apparatus; 8, water-level gauge; 9, control valve; 10, filter; 11, drainpipe; 12, header tank, 13, framework; 14, filter membrane net; 15, electrostatic precipitation module; 16, blower fan; 17, outer cover; 18, adhesive board; 19, gas storage tank; 20, cushion gas press pump; 21, transfer conduit; 22, outgassing groove; 23, seal closure; 24, ozone storage tank; 25, carbonic acid gas storage tank; 26, by-pass valve control.
Embodiment
For making to have a better understanding and awareness architectural feature of the present invention and effect of reaching, coordinating detailed description in order to preferred embodiment and accompanying drawing, being described as follows:
A kind of rose raising chamber, inside has been provided with ventilation unit and temperature reducing humidifier, tank 1 is provided with bottom temperature reducing humidifier, tank 1 is built with appropriate water, water pump 3 and control unit is provided with in tank 1, water pump 3 is connected with water supply line 2, control unit includes controller 4, humidity sensor 5, water-level gauge 8 and control valve 9, controller 4 and water pump 3 are electrically connected, controller 4 receives humidity sensor 5, whether the signal that water-level gauge 8 transmits control the water supply of water pump 3, the moisture condition of raising chamber experienced by humidity sensor 5, when the humidity of raising chamber does not reach setting, signal is reached controller 4 by humidity sensor 5, controller 4 starts water pump 3, when the humidity of raising chamber exceedes setting, signal is reached controller 4 by humidity sensor 5, and controller 4 suspends water pump 3 and supplies water, water-level gauge 8 is used for experiencing the water position status of tank 1, when water level in tank 1 is lower than setting, starts control valve 9, control valve 9 is communicated with water source, thus is supply water in tank 1.
Also be provided with drainpipe 11 in tank 1, when dilutional hyponatremia in tank 1 or facilitate cleaning sink 1, by drainpipe 11, water in tank 1 discharged.
Be provided with filter 10 in tank 1, be used for filtering impurities in water such as stone, leaf etc.
One end of water supply line 2 is provided with some shower nozzles 6, and the wall that shower nozzle 6 presses close to raising chamber is arranged, and there is hydrophobic curtain in shower nozzle 6 front, and shower nozzle 6 rear is provided with fan blower, and water drenches to hydrophobic curtain by shower nozzle 6, and the moisture content on hydrophobic curtain is taken away by the hot blast that fan blower is sent here.
Also be provided with header tank 12 below hydrophobic curtain, collect overboard after water is sent back in tank 1, realize circulation, thus play water saving object.
When raising chamber's humidity does not reach regulation requirement, signal is reached controller 4 by humidity sensor 5, controller 4 starts water pump 3 and supplies water, water drenches on water screen apparatus 7 by shower nozzle 6, and extraneous hot blast is delivered on water screen apparatus 7 by air-blast device, and air contacts with the hydrophobic curtain of water screen apparatus 7, water evaporation endothermic on water screen apparatus 7, both reduced the temperature in raising chamber's main body, and also made the air humidity newly entered increase, thus have adjusted temperature and humidity simultaneously.
Ventilation unit, comprise framework 13, framework 13 installation by adhering is on the body of wall of raising chamber, and framework 13 is divided into three parts by two filter membrane nets 14, be followed successively by air blast layer, tack coat from outside to inside and go out gas-bearing formation, filter membrane net 14 plays the effect of filtering attract dust impurity, the upper and lower of air blast layer is provided with electrostatic precipitation module 15, electrostatic precipitation module 15 plays electrostatic precipitation, the harmful substance in air can be removed when the resistance of not obvious increase natural ventilator, the middle part of air blast layer is provided with blower fan 16, the outer wall of described air blast layer is provided with outer cover 17, outer cover 17 is movably connected in framework 13 on the outer wall of air blast layer by scroll box, outer cover 17 is provided with rotating handles, outer cover 17 mainly carries out sealing sterilization and supply carbon dioxide during in indoor, the seal operation of raising chamber's entirety, prevent internal gas from leaking, simultaneously because outside environmental change is complicated, outer cover 17 physical life that roller is installed is long, tack coat is provided with adhesive board 18, one end of adhesive board 18 is connected with filter membrane net 14, adhesive board 18 is arranged in a crossed manner successively from top to bottom.
Go out gas-bearing formation and be provided with air interchanger, air interchanger comprises gas storage tank 19, cushion gas press pump 20, transfer conduit 21, outgassing groove 22, gas storage tank 19 is connected on outgassing groove 22 by cushion gas press pump 20 and transfer conduit 21, gas storage tank 19 ozone storage tank 24 and carbonic acid gas storage tank 25, ozone storage tank 24 and carbonic acid gas storage tank 25 are connected on cushion gas press pump 20 respectively by by-pass valve control 26.In ozone storage tank 24, the gas of release is mainly used in degerming in raising chamber and sterilizing works, and carbonic acid gas storage tank 25 is mainly used in fresh flower in supply raising chamber and grows necessary carbon dioxide, is arbitrarily switched by by-pass valve control 26, simple to operation.
The outer wall of air drain is provided with seal closure 23, seal closure 23 is movably connected in framework 13 near the inwall going out gas-bearing formation by rotating shaft, described seal closure 23 is provided with pulling type handle, the anglec of rotation of described rotating shaft is 0 ° ~ 180 °, be mainly used for the sealing of auxiliary raising chamber inside, improve the overall sealing performance of raising chamber, facilitate simultaneously and ozonization is carried out to device inside, it is convenient to open and close, good practical effect.
The present invention assists the air circulation of raising chamber inside and atmosphere outside by ventilation unit, and the air passed into enters into raising chamber after further filtering, and decreases the germ that fine particles in air carries, facilitates the control of raising chamber's growth inside environment; Simultaneously can conveniently to the growth carrying out sterilization or carbon dioxide gas in raising chamber and assist flowers by air interchanger, simple to operation, practical function is high, greatly saves recruitment and planting cost, is applicable to the plantation of large-scale fresh flower.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the just principle of the present invention described in above-described embodiment and specification; the present invention also has various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed scope of the present invention.The protection domain of application claims is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a rose raising chamber, include ventilation unit and temperature reducing humidifier, it is characterized in that: described temperature reducing humidifier includes tank (1) and water supply line (2), water pump (3) and control unit is provided with in described tank (1), described water pump (3) is communicated with water supply line (2), described control unit comprises controller (4), humidity sensor (5), signal is reached controller (4) by described humidity sensor (5), described controller (4) is electrically connected with water pump (3), thus control the duty of water pump (3), described water supply line (2) one end is provided with shower nozzle (6), described shower nozzle (6) front is provided with water screen apparatus (7), described water screen apparatus (7) comprises support and hydrophobic curtain, described the limit being configured to water screen apparatus (7), the face of the rack-mount formation water screen apparatus (7) of described hydrophobic curtain, described ventilation unit comprises framework (13), and described framework (13) is divided into three parts by two filter membrane nets (14), is followed successively by air blast layer, tack coat from outside to inside and goes out gas-bearing formation, the upper and lower of described air blast layer is provided with electrostatic precipitation module (15), and the middle part of described air blast layer is provided with blower fan (16), and the outer wall of described air blast layer is provided with outer cover (17), described tack coat is provided with adhesive board (18), and one end of described adhesive board (18) is connected with filter membrane net (14), described go out gas-bearing formation be provided with air interchanger, described air interchanger comprises gas storage tank (19), cushion gas press pump (20), transfer conduit (21), outgassing groove (22), described gas storage tank (19) is connected on outgassing groove (22) by cushion gas press pump (20) and transfer conduit (21), and the outer wall of described outgassing groove (22) is provided with seal closure (23).
2. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described control unit, also include water-level gauge (8) and control valve (9), described water-level gauge (8) and control valve (9) are all electrically connected with controller (4), described control valve (9) is communicated with water source, the water position status of tank (1) is passed to controller (4) by described water-level gauge (8), the duty of signal control and regulation valve (9) that described controller (4) is passed over by water-level gauge (8).
3. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: also include filter (10) in described control unit, described filter (10) is positioned at water pump (3) front, for filtering impurities in water.
4. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: be also provided with drainpipe (11) in described tank (1), the rear of described shower nozzle (6) is provided with air-blast device, described shower nozzle (6) presses close to raising chamber sidewall.
5. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described water screen apparatus (7) below is provided with header tank (12), and described header tank (12) is communicated with tank (1).
6. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gas storage tank (19) comprises ozone storage tank (24) and carbonic acid gas storage tank (25), described ozone storage tank (24) and carbonic acid gas storage tank (25) are connected on cushion gas press pump (20) respectively by by-pass valve control (26).
7. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described outer cover (17) is movably connected in framework (13) on the outer wall of air blast layer by scroll box, and described outer cover (17) is provided with rotating handles.
8. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described seal closure (23) is movably connected in framework (13) near the inwall going out gas-bearing formation by rotating shaft, described seal closure (23) is provided with pulling type handle, and the anglec of rotation of described rotating shaft is 0 ° ~ 180 °.
9. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described outer cover (17) and seal closure (23) are all connected with the outer wall of framework (13) and inner wall sealing respectively by seal washer.
10. rose raising chamber as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework (13) installation by adhering is on the body of wall of raising chamber, and described air blast layer is positioned at outside body of wall, described in go out gas-bearing formation and be positioned at body of wall.
CN201510797528.0A 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 Rose cultivating room Pending CN105265240A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510797528.0A CN105265240A (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 Rose cultivating room

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510797528.0A CN105265240A (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 Rose cultivating room

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105265240A true CN105265240A (en) 2016-01-27

Family

ID=55135760

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510797528.0A Pending CN105265240A (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 Rose cultivating room

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105265240A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107223495A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 浙江大学 A kind of fan and pad heat sink and control method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107223495A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 浙江大学 A kind of fan and pad heat sink and control method

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160127

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication