CN105264297B - PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices - Google Patents

PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105264297B
CN105264297B CN201380005923.XA CN201380005923A CN105264297B CN 105264297 B CN105264297 B CN 105264297B CN 201380005923 A CN201380005923 A CN 201380005923A CN 105264297 B CN105264297 B CN 105264297B
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China
Prior art keywords
air
cascade
water
controller
temperature
Prior art date
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CN201380005923.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105264297A (en
Inventor
邵月元
刘芳
周松柳
陈俊亮
Original Assignee
郑燕梅
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Priority to CN201310173809.XA priority Critical patent/CN103277845B/en
Priority to CN201310173809X priority
Application filed by 郑燕梅 filed Critical 郑燕梅
Priority to PCT/CN2013/087137 priority patent/WO2014173114A1/en
Priority to CN201380005923.XA priority patent/CN105264297B/en
Publication of CN105264297A publication Critical patent/CN105264297A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105264297B publication Critical patent/CN105264297B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • F24F3/1603Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation by filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/02Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath
    • B01D47/022Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath by using a liquid curtain
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures
    • F24F7/007Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with forced flow
    • F24F7/013Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with forced flow using wall or window fans, displacing air through the wall or window
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures
    • F24F7/04Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation
    • F24F7/06Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit
    • F24F7/08Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit with separate ducts for supplied and exhausted air with provisions for reversal of the input and output systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2247/00Details relating to the separation of dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D2247/08Means for controlling the separation process
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2247/00Details relating to the separation of dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D2247/10Means for removing the washing fluid dispersed in the gas or vapours
    • B01D2247/107Means for removing the washing fluid dispersed in the gas or vapours using an unstructured demister, e.g. a wire mesh demister
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • F24F3/1603Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation by filtering
    • F24F2003/1617Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation by filtering using wet filtering methods
    • Y02A50/21
    • Y02P70/34

Abstract

A kind of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window, including cascade filter (1) and air conditioner (2), when temperature≤0 DEG C of outdoor, controller (4) control air conditioner (2) is in refrigeration work state, filtering cascade (30) is produced using hot water, prevent that filter cascade (30) is solidified by cold wind, dust and PM2.5 in filtering cascade (30) absorption air formed using hot water;0℃<When temperature≤25 DEG C of outdoor, controller (4) control compressor (10) is out of service, directly utilizes the dust and PM2.5 filtered in cascade (30) absorption air;When the temperature of outdoor>At 25 DEG C, controller (4) control air conditioner (2) is in heating working condition, is the fresh purification air of indoor offer using the dust and PM2.5 in filtering cascade (30) absorption air of cooling water formation.

Description

PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices

【Technical field】

It is particularly a kind of to absorb dust and PM2.5 using cascade the present invention relates to a kind of indoor air-purification device PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices.

【Background technology】

At present, indoor air pollution getting worse, the particularly indoor air pollution in the north, many places it is indoor with And outdoor air PM2.5 indexes reach intermediate pollution often in non-good state, some places, influence the body of people Body health, the PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices that a kind of interior uses have become the needs that people purify the air of a room.

【The content of the invention】

The purpose of the present invention is overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window device, for interior Purification of air, be particularly used for the indoor air purification in the north, using filter outside cascade absorption chamber the dust of air and PM2.5, it is the fresh purification air of indoor offer.

The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices include cascade filter, air-conditioning Device, shell and controller, cascade filter and air conditioner are installed in shell;Cascade filter includes ventilation Fan, water pump, cascade shower nozzle and shutter, air conditioner include compressor, four-way valve, gas-liquid separator, exhaust fan, evaporation Device, expansion valve, memory and condenser pipe, shell include exhausting duct, air inlet duct and water tank, and exhausting duct is located at air inlet duct Top, water tank are located at the bottom of air inlet duct;Evaporator is installed on the exhaust outlet of exhausting duct, and exhaust fan is installed in exhausting duct, row Gas fan is installed on the air inlet of air inlet duct positioned at the side of evaporator, shutter, and ventilation fan is installed in air inlet duct, ventilation fan position In the side of shutter, condenser pipe is installed in water tank;The support and cage connection of the motor of ventilation fan, the front axle of motor is with changing The flabellum of gas fan is fixedly connected, and the rear axle of motor is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of water pump, and the outer shell base of water pump is fixedly connected with shell, Cascade shower nozzle is located at the top of shutter, and water tank is located at the bottom of shutter, the delivery port connection of cascade shower nozzle and water pump, water pump Water inlet be connected with water tank;Shutter is provided with filtering cascade, and water tank is provided with entering water electromagnetic valve and water level switch;Controller is set There is control line to be connected with compressor, ventilation fan, exhaust fan, water pump, entering water electromagnetic valve and water level switch;Controller is provided with temperature control Device, temperature controller are installed on air inlet, for sensing chamber outside air themperature.

The operation principle of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices is:In use, PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices are installed on room Between wall on, and the air inlet of the air inlet duct of shell is located outside side, the air outlet of air inlet duct is located at indoor side, made The exhaust outlet of the exhausting duct of shell is located outside side, and the suction opeing of exhausting duct is located at indoor side;

When temperature≤0 DEG C of outdoor, its signal is transferred to controller by temperature controller, and controller control air conditioner is in system SAPMAC method runs working condition, controls the high pressure connection of four-way valve and the condenser fittings of four-way valve, the evaporation of four-way valve Device joint connects with the low-pressure connector of four-way valve;Refrigerant enters condenser pipe by the high-pressure output port of compressor, is passed through by condenser pipe Expansion valve and evaporator return to the low pressure input port of compressor;The air of interior is pumped to evaporator by exhaust fan, utilizes steaming The heat energy that device absorbs room air is sent out, while the air of interior is discharged to outdoor, changes the air of interior;Utilize air conditioner Condenser pipe is transferred heat in the water of water tank, and the water of water tank is heated as into hot water using condenser pipe, heat is formed using hot water Filtering cascade, prevent filter cascade solidified by cold air;Meanwhile controller control cascade filter operation, water pump is by water The hot water of case is evacuated to cascade shower nozzle, sprays hot water from cascade shower nozzle to shutter and is formed and filter cascade, ventilation fan is by outdoor air Interior is pumped into through air inlet duct, outdoor air enters through air inlet, through entering after the filtering cascade of overheat absorbs dust and PM2.5 The air outlet in air channel is got in, for the fresh air of indoor offer purification;

As 0 DEG C to 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, its signal is transferred to controller, controller control compressor by temperature controller Out of service, the air of interior is retracted to outdoor, changes the air of interior by control exhaust fan operation, exhaust fan;Meanwhile control The water of water tank is evacuated to cascade shower nozzle, sprays water shape from cascade shower nozzle to shutter by device control cascade filter operation, water pump Into filtering cascade, outdoor air is pumped into interior by ventilation fan through air inlet duct, and outdoor air enters through air inlet, filtered cascade 30 The air outlet through air inlet duct is got in after absorbing dust and PM2.5, for the fresh air of indoor offer purification;

As 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, its signal is transferred to controller by temperature controller 44, at controller control air conditioner In heating circular flow working condition, the high pressure connection of four-way valve and the evaporator fittings of four-way valve are controlled, four-way valve Condenser joint connects with the low-pressure connector of four-way valve;Refrigerant enters evaporator by the high-pressure output port of compressor, by evaporating The expanded valve of device and condenser pipe return to the low pressure input port of compressor;The air of interior is pumped to evaporator by exhaust fan, profit The temperature of evaporator is reduced with room air, while the air of interior is discharged to outdoor, changes the air of interior;Utilize air-conditioning The heat for the water that the condenser pipe of device absorbs in water tank, reduce the temperature of Water in Water Tank, using cold water formed cold filtering cascade and Reduce the temperature for being pumped into air;Meanwhile the water of water tank is evacuated to cascade and sprayed by controller control cascade filter operation, water pump Head, spray cold water to shutter from cascade shower nozzle and form filtering cascade, outdoor air is pumped into indoor, room through air inlet duct by ventilation fan Outer air enters through air inlet, and the air outlet through air inlet duct enters to enter the room after filtered cascade cools and absorbs dust, PM2.5 Purification fresh air that is interior, having cooled for indoor offer.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering windows device is provided with cascade filter and air conditioner, works as room During outer temperature≤0 DEG C, the foul atmosphere of interior is rejected to outdoor using the exhaust fan of air conditioner;When temperature≤0 of outdoor DEG C when, controller control air conditioner work in refrigeration work state, using evaporator absorb room air heat energy, utilize condensation Cool water heating is turned into hot water by pipe;Cascade filter produces filtering cascade using hot water, prevents that filter cascade is solidified by cold wind, The fresh cold air of outdoor is pumped into using ventilation fan, using the dust and PM2.5 filtered in cascade absorption air, for interior Fresh purification air is provided;As 0 DEG C to 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, controller control compressor is out of service, directly profit It is the fresh purification air of indoor offer with the dust and PM2.5 in drainage curtain absorption air;As 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor When, controller control air conditioner is in heating working condition, is reduced the water temperature of water tank using condenser pipe, cascade filter profit Filtering cascade is produced with cooling water, dust and PM2.5 in the filtering cascade absorption air formed using cooling water, for interior Nice and cool fresh purification air is provided.

【Brief description of the drawings】

Fig. 1 is the configuration diagram of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices.

【Embodiment】

The present invention is further detailed below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

The structural representation of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices shown in Fig. 1, PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices include water Curtain filter 1, air conditioner 2, shell 3 and controller 4, cascade filter 1 and air conditioner 2 are installed in shell 3;Water Curtain filter 1 includes ventilation fan 6, water pump 7, cascade shower nozzle 8 and shutter 9, and air conditioner 2 includes compressor 10, four Port valve 5, gas-liquid separator 43, exhaust fan 11, evaporator 12, expansion valve 13, memory 14 and condenser pipe 15, shell 3 include There are exhausting duct 16, air inlet duct 17 and water tank 18, water tank 18 is located at the bottom of air inlet duct 17;Gas-liquid separator 43, compressor 10, Memory 14, expansion valve 13 and four-way valve 5 are in exhausting duct 16;Evaporator 12 is installed on the exhaust outlet 19 of exhausting duct 16, Exhaust fan 11 is installed in exhausting duct 16, and exhaust fan 11 is located at the side of evaporator 12, and shutter 9 is installed on entering for air inlet duct 17 Air port 20, ventilation fan 6 are installed in air inlet duct 17, and ventilation fan 6 is located at the side of shutter 9, and condenser pipe 15 is installed on water tank 18 It is interior;The high-pressure output port 21 of compressor 10 is connected with the high pressure connection 45 of four-way valve 5, the condenser joint 46 of four-way valve 5 with it is cold Solidifying pipe 15 is connected, and condenser pipe 15 is connected with memory 14, and memory 14 is connected with expansion valve 13, and expansion valve 13 connects with evaporator 12 Connecing, evaporator 12 is connected with the evaporator joint 47 of four-way valve 5, and the low-pressure connector 48 of four-way valve 5 is connected with gas-liquid separator 43, Gas-liquid separator 43 is connected with the low pressure input port 22 of compressor 10;The support of the motor 23 of ventilation fan 6 is connected with shell 2, electricity The front axle 24 of machine 23 is fixedly connected with the flabellum 25 of ventilation fan 6, and the rear axle 26 of motor 23 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 27 of water pump 7, The outer shell base of water pump 7 is fixedly connected with shell 2, and cascade shower nozzle 8 is located at the top of shutter 9, and water tank 18 is located under shutter 9 Portion, cascade shower nozzle 8 are connected with the delivery port 28 of water pump 7, and the water inlet 29 of water pump 7 is connected with water tank 18;Shutter 9 is provided with filtering Cascade 30, water tank 18 are provided with entering water electromagnetic valve 31 and water level switch 32;Controller 4 is provided with control line and compressor 10, ventilation Fan 6, exhaust fan 11, water pump 7, entering water electromagnetic valve 31 and water level switch 32 connect;Controller 4 is provided with temperature controller 44, temperature controller 44 are installed on air inlet 20.

In use, PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices are installed on the wall in room, and make the air inlet duct 17 of shell 2 Air inlet 20 is located outside side, and the air outlet 33 of air inlet duct 17 is located at indoor side, makes the exhaust outlet of the exhausting duct 16 of shell 2 19 are located outside side, and the suction opeing 34 of exhausting duct 16 is located at indoor side;When temperature≤0 DEG C of outdoor, temperature controller 44 will Its signal is transferred to controller 4, and controller 4 controls air conditioner 2 to be in kind of refrigeration cycle operation working condition, and outdoor air is through air intake Mouth 20 enters, and the air outlet 33 through air inlet duct 17 is got in after the filtering cascade 30 of overheat absorbs dust and PM2.5, is The fresh air of indoor offer purification;As 0 DEG C to 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, its signal is transferred to controller by temperature controller 44 4, controller 4 controls that compressor 10 is out of service, and outdoor air enters through air inlet 20, filtered cascade 30 absorb dust and The air outlet 33 through air inlet duct 17 is got in after PM2.5, for the fresh air of indoor offer purification;As the temperature > 25 of outdoor DEG C when, its signal is transferred to controller 4 by temperature controller 44, and controller 4 controls air conditioner 2 to be in heating circular flow work shape State, outdoor air enter through air inlet 20, through air inlet duct after the filtering cascade 30 of supercooling cools and absorbed dust, PM2.5 17 air outlet 33 is got in, the purification fresh air to have cooled for indoor offer.

In order to detect, show and control room in PM2.5, controller 4 is provided with PM2.5 sensors 49 and PM2.5 and shows Show device 50, PM2.5 sensors 49 are located at the indoor location of air outlet 33;When the PM2.5 indexes >=150 of interior, PM2.5 sensings Its signal is transferred to controller 4 by device 49, and controller 4 controls cascade filter 1 and air conditioner 2 to work, when interior During PM2.5 index < 150, its signal is transferred to controller 4 by PM2.5 sensors 49, and controller 4 controls cascade filter 1 And air conditioner 2 works.

In order to control the water level of water tank 18 and supplement water to water tank 18, water tank 18 is provided with entering water electromagnetic valve 31 and water level Switch 32, the water supply connector of entering water electromagnetic valve 31 is connected with running water pipe, and water out adapter and the water tank 18 of entering water electromagnetic valve 31 connect Connect;When the water level of water tank 18 is less than the control position of water level switch 32, its signal is transferred to controller 4 by water level switch 32, control Device 4 processed controls entering water electromagnetic valve 31 to open, and running water enters water tank 18;The water level of water tank 18 is higher than the control bit of water level switch 32 When putting, water level switch 32 transmits a signal to device 4 processed, and controller 4 controls entering water electromagnetic valve 31 to close, and water inlet stops.

In order to form a stable filtering cascade 30, shutter 9 is provided with multiple blades 36, left between each blade 36 Gap, filtering cascade 30 flow to last blade 39 by first blade 38 on the top of shutter 9, shape between each blade 36 Into a gap cascade 37, filtering cascade 30 is made up of multiple gap cascades 37, and each gap cascade 37 is located at adjacent blade Between 36;Shutter 9 is staged shutter, and each blade 36 of shutter 9 forms a rank with blade 36 adjacent and above Ladder, the distance of each blade 36 to the end face of air outlet 33 are less than the distance that a blade 36 adjacent and above arrives the end face of air outlet 33; Each blade 36 forms a gap cascade 37 with blade 36 adjacent and above, each gap cascade 37 to the end face of air outlet 33 Distance is less than the distance that gap cascade 37 adjacent and above arrives the end face of air outlet 33, and multiple gap cascades 37 form stepped filtering Cascade 30;Stepped filtering cascade 30 is inclined cascade, and filtering cascade 30 is tilted to the outside by the inside of air outlet 33;Make Fresh air can filter cascade 30 by it, while also make filtering cascade 30 be not easy to be blown to four winds, and keep its filter effect

In order to improve filtering dust and PM2.5 effect, cascade shower nozzle 8 be provided with it is multiple, shutter 9 be provided with it is multigroup, often The shutter 9 of group is made up of multiple blades 36, and every group of the top of shutter 9 is provided with a cascade shower nozzle 8;Shutter 9 is provided with more Road filters cascade 30, and every group of shutter 9 is provided with filtering cascade 30 together;The lower section of each cascade shower nozzle 8 is correspondingly provided with one group Shutter 9, the flow direction for the filtering cascade 30 that each cascade shower nozzle 8 sprays are to flow to shutter 9 by the top of corresponding shutter 9 Bottom, then by shutter 9 bottom flow into water tank 18;Outdoor fresh air is entered by the air inlet 20 of air inlet duct 17, is passed through After crossing multigroup shutter 9 and the filtering of multigroup gap cascade 37, get in.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window device, include cascade filter (1), air conditioner (2), shell (3) and control Device (4), the cascade filter (1) and the air conditioner (2) are installed in the shell (3);The cascade filtering dress Put (1) and include ventilation fan (6), water pump (7), cascade shower nozzle (8) and shutter (9), air conditioner (2) includes compressor (10), four-way valve (5), gas-liquid separator (43), exhaust fan (11), evaporator (12), expansion valve (13), memory (14) and Condenser pipe (15), the shell (3) include exhausting duct (16), air inlet duct (17) and water tank (18), and exhausting duct (16) is located at The top of air inlet duct (17), the water tank (18) are located at the bottom of the air inlet duct (17);The evaporator (12) is installed on institute The exhaust outlet (19) of exhausting duct (16) is stated, the exhaust fan (11) is installed in the exhausting duct (16), the exhaust fan (11) Positioned at the side of the evaporator (12), the shutter (9) is installed on the air inlet (20) of the air inlet duct (17), described to change Gas fan (6) is installed in the air inlet duct (17), and the ventilation fan (6) is located at the side of the shutter (9), the condenser pipe (15) it is installed in the water tank (18);The support of the motor (23) of the ventilation fan (6) is connected with the shell (3), described The front axle (24) of motor (23) is fixedly connected with the flabellum (25) of the ventilation fan (6), the rear axle (26) of the motor (23) with The rotating shaft (27) of the water pump (7) is fixedly connected, and the outer shell base of the water pump (7) is fixedly connected with shell (3), the cascade spray Head (8) is located at the top of the shutter (9), and the water tank (18) is located at the bottom of the shutter (9), the cascade shower nozzle (8) it is connected with the delivery port (28) of the water pump (7), the water inlet (29) of the water pump (7) is connected with the water tank (18);Institute State shutter (9) and be provided with filtering cascade (30), the water tank (18) is provided with the entering water electromagnetic valve (31) and water level switch (32);The controller (4) is provided with control line and the compressor (10), the ventilation fan (6), the exhaust fan (11), institute State water pump (7), the entering water electromagnetic valve (31) and the water level switch (32) connection;The controller (4) is provided with temperature controller (44), the temperature controller (44) is installed on the air inlet (20);
Characterized in that, the operation principle of described PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices is:In use, by PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering windows Device is installed on the wall in room, and the air inlet (20) of the air inlet duct (17) of shell (3) is located outside side, air inlet duct (17) air outlet (33) is located at indoor side, the exhaust outlet (19) of the exhausting duct (16) is located outside side, the row The suction opeing (34) in air channel (16) is located at indoor side;One group of blinds is correspondingly provided with below described each cascade shower nozzle (8) Window (9), the flow direction for the filtering cascade (30) that each cascade shower nozzle (8) sprays are to flow to hundred by the top of corresponding shutter (9) The bottom of leaf window (9), then water tank (18) is flowed into by the bottom of shutter (9);When temperature≤0 DEG C of outdoor, the temperature controller (44) its signal is transferred to the controller (4), the controller (4) controls the air conditioner (2) to be in kind of refrigeration cycle fortune Row working condition, control the high pressure connection (45) of the four-way valve (5) and the condenser joint (46) of the four-way valve (5) Connection, the evaporator joint (47) of the four-way valve (5) connect with the low-pressure connector (48) of the four-way valve (5); Refrigerant enters the condenser pipe (15) by the high-pressure output port (21) of the compressor (10), by the condenser pipe (15) The low pressure input port (22) of the compressor (10) is returned to through the expansion valve (13) and the evaporator (12);It is described The air of interior is pumped to the evaporator (12) by exhaust fan (11), and the heat of room air is absorbed using the evaporator (12) Can, while the air of interior is discharged to outdoor, change the air of interior;Utilize the condenser pipe of the air conditioner (2) (15) transfer heat in the water of the water tank (18), be heated into the water of the water tank (18) using the condenser pipe (15) For hot water, the filtering cascade (30) of heat is formed using hot water, prevents the filtering cascade (30) from being solidified by cold air;Together When, the controller (4) controls cascade filter (1) operation, and the hot water of water tank (18) is evacuated to cascade and sprayed by water pump (7) Head (8), spray hot water to shutter (9) from cascade shower nozzle (8) and form filtering cascade (30), the ventilation fan (6) will be outdoor empty Gas is pumped into interior through the air inlet duct (17), and outdoor air enters through the air inlet (20), the filtering cascade through overheat (30) air outlet (33) through the air inlet duct (17) is got in after absorbing dust and PM2.5, is that indoor offer is net The fresh air of change;
As 0 DEG C to 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, its signal is transferred to the controller (4) by the temperature controller (44), described Controller (4) controls the compressor (10) out of service, controls the exhaust fan (11) to run, and the exhaust fan (11) is by room Interior air is retracted to outdoor, changes the air of interior;Meanwhile the controller (4) controls cascade filter (1) fortune OK, the water of water tank (18) is evacuated to cascade shower nozzle (8) by water pump (7), and spraying water to shutter (9) from cascade shower nozzle (8) formed Outdoor air is pumped into interior by drainage curtain (30), the ventilation fan (6) through the air inlet duct (17), and outdoor air is through the air intake Mouth (20) enters, after multigroup shutter (9) and the filtering of multigroup gap cascade (37), through the filtering cascade (30) air outlet (33) through the air inlet duct (17) is got in after absorbing dust and PM2.5, is that indoor offer is net The fresh air of change;As 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, its signal is transferred to the controller (4) by the temperature controller (44), The controller (4) controls the air conditioner (2) to be in heating circular flow working condition, controls the institute of the four-way valve (5) State high pressure connection (45) to connect with the evaporator joint (47) of the four-way valve (5), the condensation of the four-way valve (5) Device joint (46) connects with the low-pressure connector (48) of the four-way valve (5);Refrigerant is described by the compressor (10) High-pressure output port (21) enters the evaporator (12), by the evaporator (12) through the expansion valve (13) and the condensation Pipe (15) returns to the low pressure input port (22) of the compressor (10);The air of interior is pumped to by the exhaust fan (11) The evaporator (12), the temperature of the evaporator (12) is reduced using room air, while the air of interior is discharged to room Outside, the air of interior is changed;The heat of the water absorbed using the condenser pipe (15) of the air conditioner (2) in the water tank (18) Amount, the temperature of the water tank (18) water is reduced, form the cold filtering cascade (30) using cold water and reduce suction air Temperature;Meanwhile the controller (4) controls cascade filter (1) operation, water pump (7) takes out the water of water tank (18) To cascade shower nozzle (8), spray cold water to shutter (9) from cascade shower nozzle (8) and form filtering cascade (30), the ventilation fan (6) Outdoor air is pumped into interior through the air inlet duct (17), outdoor air enters through the air inlet (20), by multigroup described Shutter (9) and multigroup gap cascade (37) filtering after, through it is described filtering cascade (30) cooling and absorb dust, The air outlet (33) through the air inlet duct (17) is got in after PM2.5, the fresh sky of purification to have cooled for indoor offer Gas.
2. PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Indoor PM2.5 index >=150 When, its signal is transferred to the controller (4) by PM2.5 sensors (49), and the controller (4) controls the cascade filtering dress Put (1) and the air conditioner (2) work;During indoor PM2.5 index < 150, the PM2.5 sensors (49) are by its signal The controller (4) is transferred to, the controller (4) controls the cascade filter (1) and the air conditioner (2) work Make.
3. PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described controller (4) control The scope of temperature is:When temperature≤0 DEG C of outdoor, during 55 DEG C of the water temperature < of water tank (18), temperature sensor (35) is believed Number be transferred to the controller (4), controller (4) control compressor (10) operation, when the water tank (18) water temperature >= 55 DEG C, its signal is transferred to the controller (4) by the temperature sensor (35), and the controller (4) controls the compression Machine (10) stops, and prevents that the water temperature of the water tank (18) is too high;
As 25 DEG C of the temperature > of outdoor, it is 2 DEG C of > that the controller (4), which controls the temperature of the water tank (18) interior water,;
As 2 DEG C of the water temperature > of the water tank (18), its signal is transferred to the controller by the temperature sensor (35) (4), the controller (4) controls compressor (10) operation, and when water temperature≤2 DEG C of the water tank (18), the temperature passes Its signal is transferred to the controller (4) by sensor (35), and the controller (4) controls the compressor (10) out of service, Prevent the water freezing of the water tank (18).
CN201380005923.XA 2013-04-27 2013-11-14 PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices CN105264297B (en)

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PCT/CN2013/087137 WO2014173114A1 (en) 2013-04-27 2013-11-14 Pm2.5 cold/warm filter-window apparatus
CN201380005923.XA CN105264297B (en) 2013-04-27 2013-11-14 PM2.5 changes in temperature filtering window devices

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