CN105262233A - Mobile equipment with wireless charging and discharging function and device - Google Patents

Mobile equipment with wireless charging and discharging function and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105262233A
CN105262233A CN201510647268.9A CN201510647268A CN105262233A CN 105262233 A CN105262233 A CN 105262233A CN 201510647268 A CN201510647268 A CN 201510647268A CN 105262233 A CN105262233 A CN 105262233A
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China
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point
sampling
chip microcomputer
pic12f510
electric energy
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林谷
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NINGBO LIXINKE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NINGBO LIXINKE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510647268.9A priority Critical patent/CN105262233A/en
Publication of CN105262233A publication Critical patent/CN105262233A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to mobile equipment with a wireless charging and discharging function, which is characterized by further comprising a transmitting switch (MOS90), a protection diode (D90), a high-pass filtering capacitor (C92), a sampling site (P98), a voltage stabilizing tube (D92), a half-wave rectification diode (D91), a sampling resistor (R91), a current-limiting resistor (R92), a sampling capacitor (C91), a rectifier bridge (BT1), an electric energy receiving switch (MOS92), an electric energy receiving control point (P94), a change-over switch (MOS93), a coil (L2), a power supply point (VCC9), a ground point (GND9), a transmission control point (P90), an electric energy receiving point (S92), a switching control point (P93), a sampling output point (S91), a single chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), a rechargeable battery (BAT), a low-pass filtering inductor (L99) and a power supply output capacitor (C98). The invention further relates to a device, which is additionally provided with a control program on the basis of the solution. The mobile equipment and the device provided by the invention are low in cost, flexile in application, long in service life and capable of mutually transmitting electric energy and information.

Description

A kind of mobile device, device with wireless charging discharging function
Technical field
The invention belongs to electricity field, a kind of mobile device, device with wireless charging discharging function.
Background technology
Wireless charging technology is a kind of technology utilizing magnetic resonance or electromagentic resonance or electromagnetic induction to realize carrying out without the need to wire delivery of electrical energy; The wireless charging product cost of prior art is higher exists the space reduced; The product that the equipment (namely can rely on and carry chargeable battery-powered equipment) that the wireless charging product of prior art can realize having battery carries out delivery of electrical energy is each other then considerably less, the equipment that can realize having battery carries out delivery of electrical energy each other and can realize carrying out the product of information transmission less by their coil, there is necessity of exploitation further.
The cost of existing wireless charging product is very high, especially expensive more than hundred yuan easily of charging panel, to the further genralrlization development of wireless charging technology, there is negative consequence, if the wireless charging product of more low cost can be developed, be then conducive to the further genralrlization development of wireless charging technology.
Inventor's patent searching finds behind storehouse, application number be 201410065211.3 name be called the patent of invention of " a kind of wireless charging discharge circuit, terminal equipment and wireless charging method ", closest to technology of the present invention, because the design of No. 201410065211.3 patents limits (or thinking restriction), inventor have employed two relays with two branch roads to realize receiving circuit and radiating circuit to the switching of the connection of coil, realizes radiating circuit and accept circuit sharing a coil with this; Relay many as the electronic component of electronic switch in belong to expensive and the element of rapid wear, the life-span is short, and price is high, there is room for improvement.
Summary of the invention
For the problem described in technical solution background, the present invention proposes a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function.
The present invention has following technology contents.
1, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch (MOS90), protection diode (D90), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), sampling site (P98), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92), halfwave rectifier diode (D91), sampling resistor (R91), current-limiting resistance (R92), sampling capacitance (C91), rectifier bridge (BT1), electric energy receiving key (MOS92), electric energy receives control point (P94), diverter switch (MOS93), coil (L2), power supply point (VCC9), place (GND9), emission control point (P90), electric energy acceptance point (S92), switching controls point (P93), sampling output point (S91), single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99), power supply output capacitance (C98),
Emission switch (MOS90) has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key (MOS92) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) turns off;
Diverter switch (MOS93) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch (MOS93) when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) turns off;
Rectifier bridge (BT1) has the first input point (IN+), the second input point (IN-), the first output point (OT+), the second output point (OT-), first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1), and second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1);
Coil (L2) has the first end points (a) and the second end points (b);
The negative pole of protection diode (D90) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of emission switch (MOS90) is connected between the positive pole of power supply point (VCC9) and protection diode (D90), and the control end of emission switch (MOS90) is connected with emission control point (P90);
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2) can by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92);
One end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the other end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with place (GND9), sampling capacitance (C91) is in parallel with sampling resistor (R91), the Main Function of sampling resistor (R91) is for adopting electric capacity (C91) electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) stops after sampling capacitance (C91) charging, the voltage of sampling output point (S91) can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the effect of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2), sampling capacitance (C91) is charged, to complete, the high-frequency signal of irregularity is converted to the correct signal of the enough single-chip microcomputers of voltage-duration (PIC12F510-2), overcome because element simply causes signal irregularity to cause single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) to be difficult to directly read the situation of communication information with this, that is halfwave rectifier diode (D91) coordinates sampling resistor (R91), the purposes of sampling capacitance (C91) is actually the frequency reducing of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2), stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
First input point (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), and second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the second end points (b) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is connected between first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and electric energy acceptance point (S92), and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) receive control point (P94) and be connected;
Second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), and the control end of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with switching controls point (P93);
Emission control point (P90) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Switching controls point (P93) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling site (P98) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Electric energy receives control point (P94) and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling output point (S91) is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
The supply pin (VCC) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with power supply point (VCC9); The grounding leg (VSS) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with electric energy acceptance point (S92), the other end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance (L99) makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge (BT1) thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), and the other end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT);
The positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with power supply point (VCC9), and the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with place (GND9).
2, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch (MOS90), protection diode (D90), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), sampling site (P98), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92), halfwave rectifier diode (D91), sampling resistor (R91), current-limiting resistance (R92), sampling capacitance (C91), rectifier bridge (BT1), electric energy receiving key (MOS92), electric energy receives control point (P94), diverter switch (MOS93), coil (L2), power supply point (VCC9), place (GND9), emission control point (P90), electric energy acceptance point (S92), switching controls point (P93), sampling output point (S91), single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99), power supply output capacitance (C98), controlled capacitance (CS92),
Emission switch (MOS90) has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key (MOS92) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) turns off;
Diverter switch (MOS93) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch (MOS93) when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) turns off;
Rectifier bridge (BT1) has the first input point (IN+), the second input point (IN-), the first output point (OT+), the second output point (OT-), first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1), and second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1);
Coil (L2) has the first end points (a) and the second end points (b);
The negative pole of protection diode (D90) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of emission switch (MOS90) is connected between the positive pole of power supply point (VCC9) and protection diode (D90), and the control end of emission switch (MOS90) is connected with emission control point (P90);
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2) can by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92);
One end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the other end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling site (P98), sampling capacitance (C91) is in parallel with sampling resistor (R91), the Main Function of sampling resistor (R91) is for adopting electric capacity (C91) electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) stops after sampling capacitance (C91) charging, the voltage of sampling output point (S91) can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the effect of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2), sampling capacitance (C91) is charged, the high-frequency signal of irregularity to be converted to the signal that the enough single-chip microcomputers of voltage-duration (PIC12F510-2) correctly gather, overcome with this and simply cause signal irregularity due to circuit element and then cause single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) to be difficult to directly read the defect of communication information, that is halfwave rectifier diode (D91) coordinates sampling resistor (R91), the purposes of sampling capacitance (C91) is actually the frequency translation of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2), stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
First input point (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), and second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the second end points (b) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is connected between first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and electric energy acceptance point (S92), and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) receive control point (P94) and be connected;
Second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), and the control end of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with switching controls point (P93);
Emission control point (P90) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Switching controls point (P93) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling site (P98) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Electric energy receives control point (P94) and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling output point (S91) is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
The supply pin (VCC) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with power supply point (VCC9); The grounding leg (VSS) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with electric energy acceptance point (S92), the other end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance (L99) makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge (BT1) thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), and the other end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT);
The positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with power supply point (VCC9), and the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with place (GND9);
Controlled capacitance (CS92) comprises insulating vessel (G11), conducting liquid (G31), entity (G21), bottom electrode (G51), top electrode (C50), insulating barrier (C51), solenoid (G41), controlled path first point (W3), controlled path second point (W4), driving switch (MOS97), drives diode (D97), drives electric capacity (C97), drived control point (P97);
Insulating vessel (G11) has stable shape, and the profile of insulating vessel (G11) is cylindric, and the container of insulating vessel (G11) is cylindric, and change of shape is less likely to occur the cavity volume of insulating vessel (G11), and insulating vessel (G11) is airtight container;
Conducting liquid (G31) is housed in the cavity volume of insulating vessel (G11), and the volume of conducting liquid (G31) is less than the volume of insulating vessel (G11), and the volume of conducting liquid (G31) is greater than the half of the volume of insulating vessel (G11);
Solenoid (G41) is fixedly wrapped in the outside of insulating vessel (G11), and solenoid (G41) is positioned at more than the stringcourse such as grade of insulating vessel (G11), and the axis of solenoid (G41) is connected with the axes coincide of insulating vessel (G11);
Top electrode (C50) is cylindric electric conductor, the axis of top electrode (C50) and the dead in line of insulating vessel (G11), insulating barrier (C51) covers on top electrode (C50) and forms capacitance electrode, has electricity and be connected between top electrode (C50) with controlled path first point (W3);
The averag density of entity (G21) is more than or equal to the density of conducting liquid (G31), entity (G21) has magnetic or paramagnetism, entity (G21) device is in insulating vessel, entity (G21) outer surface is insulation, the volume that the external volume of entity (G21) is less than insulating vessel (G11) deducts the volume of conducting liquid (G31), the central authorities of entity (G21) have through hole (G22), the diameter of the through hole (G22) of the central authorities of entity (G21) is greater than the diameter of capacitance electrode, entity (G21) to be sunk to the bottom or is suspended in conducting liquid (G31) by its through hole (G22) string and can free floating in vertical direction on capacitance electrode,
Bottom electrode (G51) is positioned at bottom the cavity volume inner surface of insulating vessel (G11), and bottom electrode (G51) and conducting liquid (G31) always keep in touch, and have electricity and be connected between bottom electrode (G51) with controlled path second point (W4);
Be energized to solenoid (G41), solenoid (G41) produces magnetic field (G42), solenoid (G41) can attract to make with entity (G21) to float at entity (G21) and enter the volume that arranges that floating state causes entity (G21) to arrange conducting liquid (G31) to reduce, and then the fluid level of conducting liquid (G31) is declined and the effective area between capacitance electrode and conducting liquid can be reduced, thus reduce capacitance total value between the first point (W3) of controlled path and the second point (W4) of controlled path gradually;
The positive pole of diode (D97) is driven to be connected with place (GND9);
Drive the two ends of electric capacity (C97) to be connected with driving the two ends of diode (D97) respectively, the two ends of solenoid (G41) are connected with driving the two ends of diode (D97) respectively;
The controlled passage of driving switch (MOS97) is connected between power supply point (VCC9) and the negative pole driving diode (D97), the control end of driving switch (MOS90) is connected with drived control point (P97), drived control point (P97) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), be connected with drived control point (P97) single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) IO pin on output pwm signal can control the capacitance of controlled capacitance (CS92), thus realize the adjustment to the bandwidth of the frequency-selecting of high-pass filtering;
The controlled path first point (W3) of controlled capacitance (CS92), the controlled path second point (W4) of controlled capacitance (CS92) are connected with the two ends of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) respectively.
3, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function as described in technology contents 2, it is characterized in that: between the bottom electrode (G51) of controlled capacitance (CS92) and the controlled passage second point (W4) of controlled capacitance (CS92), be also in series with ball switch, prevent capacitor from being used in the incorrect situation of placement.
4, device, it is characterized in that: it is characterized in that: the content that possesses skills 1 or a kind of mobile device, the single-chip microcomputer control program with wireless charging discharging function described in technology contents 2, single-chip microcomputer control program is burnt in single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), in single-chip microcomputer control program, the level that electric energy receives the connected IO pin in control point (P94) is contrary with the level switching switching controls point (P93) all the time.
5, the device as described in technology contents 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has transmitting subfunction.
6, the device as described in technology contents 5, is characterized in that: the transmitting subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
Step a, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with switching controls point (P93) is set to high level output pattern by control program, and single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point (P94) is connected and be set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch (MOS93) is switched on, electric energy accepts switch (MOS92) and is turned off, second end points (L2) and the place (GND9) of coil L2 are connected, diode between the first input end (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and the second output (OT-) serves the effect of the self induction electromotive force eliminating coil (L2), the function of rectifier bridge (BT1) is destroyed, and the electric path between the input and output of rectifier bridge (BT1) is disconnected;
Step b, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling output point (S91) is set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling site (P98) is set to high level output pattern by control program; The high-frequency signal passage that now high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) and halfwave rectifier diode (D91) are formed gets clogged, the malleation that coil (L2) first end points (a) is applied in when being launched high-frequency signal can not absorb by high-frequency signal passage, even if therefore the frequency of high-frequency communication signal also can normal transmission in the frequency range of high-frequency signal passage;
Step c, applies pwm signal at the control end of emission switch (MOS90), now launches electric energy or communication signal by coil (L2).
7, the device as described in technology contents 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has reception subfunction.
8, the device as described in technology contents 7, is characterized in that: the reception subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
The level of the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with switching controls point (P93) is set to low level output pattern by step a, control program, and single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point (P94) is connected and be set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling site (P98) is set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch (MOS93) turns off, electric energy accepts switch (MOS92) and connects, second end points (L2) of coil L2 is not connected with place (GND9), rectifier bridge (BT1) function is complete, the input and output of rectifier bridge BT1 are unobstructed, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal;
The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling output point (S91) is set to AD sampling configuration by step b, control program;
Step c also utilizes the tick interrupt pattern of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), the numerical value of the voltage on the IO pin that the collection at interval is connected with sampling output point (S91), and is converted to digital information and communication information.
9, the device as described in technology contents 4, is characterized in that: also have sample circuit for judging the charge condition of battery (BAT) between described single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and described battery (BAT).
10, device, is characterized in that: all technical characteristic of the technical scheme in the content 1-9 that possesses skills described in arbitrary technology contents.
Technology contents illustrates and beneficial effect.
Technology contents illustrates:
In the present invention, entity (G21) can be single structure also can be composite construction, can be that one matter is formed, and also can be that many kinds of substance is formed; This is skilled, know this area engineer of common practise can understand, therefore does not repeat.
Of the present inventionly can receive electric energy and communication signal simultaneously; The present invention can receive low-frequency electrical energy input from not homology and high-frequency communication signal simultaneously; Wireless telecommunications of the present invention are reliable and stable; The radio transmission efficiency of electric energy of the present invention is high.
The present invention is with low cost, applying flexible, long service life, can realize having the mutual delivery of electrical energy between the equipment of battery and information transmission.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 2.
As the schematic diagram that Fig. 3-4 is embodiment 11.
concrete embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be described.
Embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 1, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch MOS90, protection diode D90, high-pass filtering electric capacity C92, sampling site P98, voltage-stabiliser tube D92, halfwave rectifier diode D91, sampling resistor R91, current-limiting resistance R92, sampling capacitance C91, rectifier bridge BT1, electric energy receiving key MOS92, electric energy receives control point P94, diverter switch MOS93, coil L2, power supply point VCC9, place GND9, emission control point P90, electric energy acceptance point S92, switching controls point P93, sampling output point S91, single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2, chargeable battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99, power supply output capacitance C98,
Emission switch MOS90 has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation MOS90 when the level at the control point of emission switch MOS90 is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation MOS90 when the level at the control point of emission switch MOS90 is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key MOS92 has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key MOS92 when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key MOS92 turns off;
Diverter switch MOS93 has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch MOS93 when the level at the control point of diverter switch MOS93 is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch MOS93 is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 turns off;
Rectifier bridge BT1 has the first input point IN+, the second input point IN-, the first output point OT+, the second output point OT-, the first output point OT+ of rectifier bridge BT1 is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge BT1, and the second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1 is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge BT1;
Coil L2 has the first end points a and the second end points b;
The negative pole of protection diode D90 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2;
The controlled passage of emission switch MOS90 is connected between the positive pole of power supply point VCC9 and protection diode D90, and the control end of emission switch MOS90 is connected with emission control point P90;
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2, the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode D91, high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil L2 can by high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity C92;
One end of sampling resistor R91 is connected with sampling output point S91, the other end of sampling resistor R91 is connected with place GND9, sampling capacitance C91 is in parallel with sampling resistor R91, the Main Function of sampling resistor R91 is for adopting electric capacity C91 electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil L2 stops after sampling capacitance C91 charging, the voltage of sampling output point S91 can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode D91 is connected with sampling output point S91, the effect of halfwave rectifier diode D91 is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil L2, sampling capacitance C91 is charged, to complete, the high-frequency signal of irregularity is converted to the correct signal of voltage-duration enough single-chip microcomputers PIC12F510-2, overcome because element simply causes signal irregularity to cause single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 to be difficult to directly read the situation of communication information with this, that is halfwave rectifier diode D91 coordinates sampling resistor R91, the purposes of sampling capacitance C91 is actually the frequency reducing of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil L2, stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
The first input point IN+ of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2, and the second input point IN-of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with the second end points b of coil L2;
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is connected between the first output point OT+ of rectifier bridge BT1 and electric energy acceptance point S92, and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key MOS92 receive control point P94 and be connected;
The second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with place GND9;
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with the second input point IN-of rectifier bridge BT1, the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with the second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1, and the control end of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with switching controls point P93;
Emission control point P90 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
Switching controls point P93 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2; Sampling site P98 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2; Electric energy receives control point P94 and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
Sampling output point S91 is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
The supply pin VCC of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with power supply point VCC9; The grounding leg VSS of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with place GND9;
One end of low-pass filtering inductance L 99 is connected with electric energy acceptance point S92, the other end of low-pass filtering inductance L 99 is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge BT1 thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance C98 is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery BAT, and the other end of power supply output capacitance C98 is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery BAT;
The positive pole of chargeable battery BAT is connected with power supply point VCC9, and the negative pole of chargeable battery BAT is connected with place GND9.
Embodiment 2, as Fig. 2, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch MOS90, protection diode D90, high-pass filtering electric capacity C92, sampling site P98, voltage-stabiliser tube D92, halfwave rectifier diode D91, sampling resistor R91, current-limiting resistance R92, sampling capacitance C91, rectifier bridge BT1, electric energy receiving key MOS92, electric energy receives control point P94, diverter switch MOS93, coil L2, power supply point VCC9, place GND9, emission control point P90, electric energy acceptance point S92, switching controls point P93, sampling output point S91, single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2, chargeable battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99, power supply output capacitance C98, controlled capacitance CS92,
Emission switch MOS90 has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation MOS90 when the level at the control point of emission switch MOS90 is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation MOS90 when the level at the control point of emission switch MOS90 is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key MOS92 has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key MOS92 when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key MOS92 turns off;
Diverter switch MOS93 has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch MOS93 when the level at the control point of diverter switch MOS93 is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch MOS93 is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 turns off;
Rectifier bridge BT1 has the first input point IN+, the second input point IN-, the first output point OT+, the second output point OT-, the first output point OT+ of rectifier bridge BT1 is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge BT1, and the second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1 is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge BT1;
Coil L2 has the first end points a and the second end points b;
The negative pole of protection diode D90 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2;
The controlled passage of emission switch MOS90 is connected between the positive pole of power supply point VCC9 and protection diode D90, and the control end of emission switch MOS90 is connected with emission control point P90;
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2, the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode D91, high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil L2 can by high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity C92;
One end of sampling resistor R91 is connected with sampling output point S91, the other end of sampling resistor R91 is connected with sampling site P98, sampling capacitance C91 is in parallel with sampling resistor R91, the Main Function of sampling resistor R91 is for adopting electric capacity C91 electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil L2 stops after sampling capacitance C91 charging, the voltage of sampling output point S91 can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode D91 is connected with sampling output point S91, the effect of halfwave rectifier diode D91 is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil L2, sampling capacitance C91 is charged, the high-frequency signal of irregularity to be converted to the signal that the enough single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 of voltage-duration correctly gather, overcome with this and simply cause signal irregularity due to circuit element and then cause single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 to be difficult to directly read the defect of communication information, that is halfwave rectifier diode D91 coordinates sampling resistor R91, the purposes of sampling capacitance C91 is actually the frequency translation of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil L2, stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
The first input point IN+ of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with the first end points a of coil L2, and the second input point IN-of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with the second end points b of coil L2;
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key MOS92 is connected between the first output point OT+ of rectifier bridge BT1 and electric energy acceptance point S92, and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key MOS92 receive control point P94 and be connected;
The second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1 is connected with place GND9;
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with the second input point IN-of rectifier bridge BT1, the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with the second output point OT-of rectifier bridge BT1, and the control end of diverter switch MOS93 is connected with switching controls point P93;
Emission control point P90 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
Switching controls point P93 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2; Sampling site P98 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2; Electric energy receives control point P94 and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
Sampling output point S91 is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2;
The supply pin VCC of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with power supply point VCC9; The grounding leg VSS of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with place GND9;
One end of low-pass filtering inductance L 99 is connected with electric energy acceptance point S92, the other end of low-pass filtering inductance L 99 is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge BT1 thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery BAT, low-pass filtering inductance L 99 can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance C98 is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery BAT, and the other end of power supply output capacitance C98 is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery BAT;
The positive pole of chargeable battery BAT is connected with power supply point VCC9, and the negative pole of chargeable battery BAT is connected with place GND9;
Controlled capacitance CS92 comprises insulating vessel G11, conducting liquid G31, entity G21, bottom electrode G51, top electrode C50, insulating barrier C51, solenoid G41, controlled path first W3, controlled path second point W4, driving switch MOS97, drives diode D97, drives electric capacity C97, drived control point P97;
Insulating vessel G11 has stable shape, and the profile of insulating vessel G11 is cylindric, and the container of insulating vessel G11 is cylindric, and change of shape is less likely to occur the cavity volume of insulating vessel G11, and insulating vessel G11 is airtight container;
Conducting liquid G31 is housed in the cavity volume of insulating vessel G11, and the volume of conducting liquid G31 is less than the volume of insulating vessel G11, and the volume of conducting liquid G31 is greater than the half of the volume of insulating vessel G11;
Solenoid G41 is fixedly wrapped in the outside of insulating vessel G11, and solenoid G41 is positioned at more than the stringcourse such as grade of insulating vessel G11, and the axis of solenoid G41 is connected with the axes coincide of insulating vessel G11;
Top electrode C50 is cylindric electric conductor, the axis of top electrode C50 and the dead in line of insulating vessel G11, and insulating barrier C51 covers on top electrode C50 and forms capacitance electrode, has electricity and be connected between top electrode C50 and controlled path first W3;
The averag density of entity G21 is more than or equal to the density of conducting liquid G31, entity G21 has magnetic or paramagnetism, entity G21 device is in insulating vessel, entity G21 outer surface is insulation, the volume that the external volume of entity G21 is less than insulating vessel G11 deducts the volume of conducting liquid G31, the central authorities of entity G21 have through hole G22, the diameter of the through hole G22 of the central authorities of entity G21 is greater than the diameter of capacitance electrode, and entity G21 to be sunk to the bottom or is suspended in conducting liquid G31 by its through hole G22 string and can free floating in vertical direction on capacitance electrode;
Bottom electrode G51 is positioned at bottom the cavity volume inner surface of insulating vessel G11, and bottom electrode G51 and conducting liquid G31 always keeps in touch, and has electricity and be connected between bottom electrode G51 with controlled path second point W4;
Be energized to solenoid G41, solenoid G41 produces magnetic field G42, solenoid G41 can attract to make with entity G21 to float at entity G21 and enter the volume that arranges that floating state causes entity G21 to arrange conducting liquid G31 to reduce, and then the fluid level of conducting liquid G31 is declined and the effective area between capacitance electrode and conducting liquid can be reduced, thus reduce capacitance total value between first W3 of controlled path and the second point W4 of controlled path gradually;
The positive pole of diode D97 is driven to be connected with place GND9;
Drive the two ends of electric capacity C97 to be connected with driving the two ends of diode D97 respectively, the two ends of solenoid G41 are connected with driving the two ends of diode D97 respectively;
The controlled passage of driving switch MOS97 is connected between power supply point VCC9 and the negative pole driving diode D97, the control end of driving switch MOS90 is connected with drived control point P97, drived control point P97 is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2, be connected with drived control point P97 single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 IO pin on output pwm signal can control the capacitance of controlled capacitance CS92, thus realize the adjustment to the bandwidth of the frequency-selecting of high-pass filtering;
Controlled path first W3 of controlled capacitance CS92, the controlled path second point W4 of controlled capacitance CS92 are connected with the two ends of high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 respectively.
Embodiment 3, a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function as described in embodiment 2, it is characterized in that: between the bottom electrode G51 of controlled capacitance CS92 and the controlled passage second point W4 of controlled capacitance CS92, be also in series with ball switch, prevent capacitor from being used in the incorrect situation of placement.
Embodiment 4, device, it is characterized in that: it is characterized in that: there is a kind of mobile device, the single-chip microcomputer control program with wireless charging discharging function described in embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, single-chip microcomputer control program is burnt in single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2, in single-chip microcomputer control program, the level that electric energy receives the IO pin that control point P94 is connected is contrary with the level switching switching controls point P93 all the time.
Embodiment 5, device as described in embodiment 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has transmitting subfunction.
Embodiment 6, device as described in embodiment 5, is characterized in that: the transmitting subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
Step a, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with switching controls point P93 is set to high level output pattern by control program, and single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point P94 is connected and be set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch MOS93 is switched on, electric energy accepts switch MOS 92 and is turned off, the second end points L2 of coil L2 and place GND9 is connected, diode between the first input end IN+ of rectifier bridge BT1 and the second output OT-serves the effect of the self induction electromotive force eliminating coil L2, the function of rectifier bridge BT1 is destroyed, and the electric path between the input and output of rectifier bridge BT1 is disconnected;
Step b, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with sampling output point S91 is set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with sampling site P98 is set to high level output pattern by control program; The high-frequency signal passage that now high-pass filtering electric capacity C92 and halfwave rectifier diode D91 is formed gets clogged, the malleation that coil L2 first end points a is applied in when being launched high-frequency signal can not absorb by high-frequency signal passage, even if therefore the frequency of high-frequency communication signal also can normal transmission in the frequency range of high-frequency signal passage;
Step c, applies pwm signal at the control end of emission switch MOS90, now launches electric energy or communication signal by coil L2.
Embodiment 7, device as described in embodiment 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has reception subfunction.
Embodiment 8, device as described in embodiment 7, is characterized in that: the reception subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
The level of the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with switching controls point P93 is set to low level output pattern by step a, control program, and single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point P94 is connected and be set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with sampling site P98 is set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch MOS93 turns off, electric energy accepts switch MOS 92 and connects, the second end points L2 of coil L2 is not connected with place GND9, rectifier bridge BT1 function is complete, the input and output of rectifier bridge BT1 are unobstructed, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal;
The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 is connected with sampling output point S91 is set to AD sampling configuration by step b, control program;
Step c also utilizes the tick interrupt pattern of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2, the numerical value of the voltage on the IO pin that the collection at interval is connected with sampling output point S91, and is converted to digital information and communication information.
Embodiment 9, device as described in embodiment 4, is characterized in that: also have sample circuit between described single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 and described battery BAT for judging the charge condition of battery BAT.
Embodiment 10, device, is characterized in that: all technical characteristic with the technical scheme in embodiment 1-9 described in arbitrary embodiment.
Embodiment 11, as Fig. 3-4, this embodiment is the principle schematic that two mobile devices of the present invention charge mutually, K switch is used for regulating the wireless charging discharge mode of mobile device, K switch is defaulted as off-state, when switch is pressed after by short circuit, the control program of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 calls transmitting subfunction, the present invention enters emission mode, when K switch is in disconnection, the control program of single-chip microcomputer PIC12F510-2 calls reception subfunction, the present invention is receptive pattern, and therefore the present invention can realize the mutual charging of two moving belt battery apparatus.
The present invention also can with the wireless charging device of prior art or module with the use of; This illustrates that not quite clear place is prior art or common practise, therefore does not repeat.

Claims (10)

1. one kind has the mobile device of wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch (MOS90), protection diode (D90), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), sampling site (P98), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92), halfwave rectifier diode (D91), sampling resistor (R91), current-limiting resistance (R92), sampling capacitance (C91), rectifier bridge (BT1), electric energy receiving key (MOS92), electric energy receives control point (P94), diverter switch (MOS93), coil (L2), power supply point (VCC9), place (GND9), emission control point (P90), electric energy acceptance point (S92), switching controls point (P93), sampling output point (S91), single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99), power supply output capacitance (C98),
Emission switch (MOS90) has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key (MOS92) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) turns off;
Diverter switch (MOS93) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch (MOS93) when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) turns off;
Rectifier bridge (BT1) has the first input point (IN+), the second input point (IN-), the first output point (OT+), the second output point (OT-), first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1), and second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1);
Coil (L2) has the first end points (a) and the second end points (b);
The negative pole of protection diode (D90) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of emission switch (MOS90) is connected between the positive pole of power supply point (VCC9) and protection diode (D90), and the control end of emission switch (MOS90) is connected with emission control point (P90);
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2) can by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92);
One end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the other end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with place (GND9), sampling capacitance (C91) is in parallel with sampling resistor (R91), the Main Function of sampling resistor (R91) is for adopting electric capacity (C91) electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) stops after sampling capacitance (C91) charging, the voltage of sampling output point (S91) can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the effect of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2), sampling capacitance (C91) is charged, to complete, the high-frequency signal of irregularity is converted to the correct signal of the enough single-chip microcomputers of voltage-duration (PIC12F510-2), overcome because element simply causes signal irregularity to cause single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) to be difficult to directly read the situation of communication information with this, that is halfwave rectifier diode (D91) coordinates sampling resistor (R91), the purposes of sampling capacitance (C91) is actually the frequency reducing of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2), stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
First input point (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), and second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the second end points (b) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is connected between first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and electric energy acceptance point (S92), and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) receive control point (P94) and be connected;
Second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), and the control end of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with switching controls point (P93);
Emission control point (P90) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Switching controls point (P93) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling site (P98) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Electric energy receives control point (P94) and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling output point (S91) is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
The supply pin (VCC) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with power supply point (VCC9); The grounding leg (VSS) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with electric energy acceptance point (S92), the other end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance (L99) makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge (BT1) thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), and the other end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT);
The positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with power supply point (VCC9), and the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with place (GND9).
2. one kind has the mobile device of wireless charging discharging function, it is characterized in that: comprise emission switch (MOS90), protection diode (D90), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), sampling site (P98), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92), halfwave rectifier diode (D91), sampling resistor (R91), current-limiting resistance (R92), sampling capacitance (C91), rectifier bridge (BT1), electric energy receiving key (MOS92), electric energy receives control point (P94), diverter switch (MOS93), coil (L2), power supply point (VCC9), place (GND9), emission control point (P90), electric energy acceptance point (S92), switching controls point (P93), sampling output point (S91), single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99), power supply output capacitance (C98), controlled capacitance (CS92),
Emission switch (MOS90) has a controlled passage and control end, launch the controlled passage conducting of exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is high level, the controlled passage of launching exploitation (MOS90) when the level at the control point of emission switch (MOS90) is low level turns off;
Electric energy receiving key (MOS92) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is high level, when the level at the control point of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is low level, the controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) turns off;
Diverter switch (MOS93) has a controlled passage and control end, the controlled passage conducting of diverter switch (MOS93) when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is high level, when the level at the control point of diverter switch (MOS93) is low level, the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) turns off;
Rectifier bridge (BT1) has the first input point (IN+), the second input point (IN-), the first output point (OT+), the second output point (OT-), first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the positive pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1), and second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is the negative pole of the output of rectifier bridge (BT1);
Coil (L2) has the first end points (a) and the second end points (b);
The negative pole of protection diode (D90) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of emission switch (MOS90) is connected between the positive pole of power supply point (VCC9) and protection diode (D90), and the control end of emission switch (MOS90) is connected with emission control point (P90);
One end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), the other end of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) plays signal frequency-selecting, and the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2) can by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) low frequency signal then by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92);
One end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the other end of sampling resistor (R91) is connected with sampling site (P98), sampling capacitance (C91) is in parallel with sampling resistor (R91), the Main Function of sampling resistor (R91) is for adopting electric capacity (C91) electric discharge, to ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) stops after sampling capacitance (C91) charging, the voltage of sampling output point (S91) can decline automatically;
The negative pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is connected with sampling output point (S91), the effect of halfwave rectifier diode (D91) is for high-frequency signal is to carrying out rectification, to enable the high-frequency signal of the irregularity gathered via coil (L2), sampling capacitance (C91) is charged, the high-frequency signal of irregularity to be converted to the signal that the enough single-chip microcomputers of voltage-duration (PIC12F510-2) correctly gather, overcome with this and simply cause signal irregularity due to circuit element and then cause single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) to be difficult to directly read the defect of communication information, that is halfwave rectifier diode (D91) coordinates sampling resistor (R91), the purposes of sampling capacitance (C91) is actually the frequency translation of the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2), stabilisation, can collection,
The negative pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with the positive pole of halfwave rectifier diode (D91), the positive pole of voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) is connected with sampling site (P98) via current-limiting resistance (R92), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can ensure that the high-frequency signal of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) can be complete by high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92), with the half cycle electromotive force that is obstructed of the high-frequency signal reducing the irregularity collected via coil (L2) hindered by halfwave rectifier diode (D91) rectification, flyback is carried out to coil (L2), voltage-stabiliser tube (D92) can also play the effect of overvoltage protection, prevent the IO pin of the too high single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) causing sampling output point (S91) to connect of the high-frequency signal voltage of the irregularity collected via coil (L2) breakdown, the effect of current-limiting resistance (R92) its current limliting,
First input point (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the first end points (a) of coil (L2), and second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with the second end points (b) of coil (L2);
The controlled passage of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) is connected between first output point (OT+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and electric energy acceptance point (S92), and control end and the electric energy of electric energy receiving key (MOS92) receive control point (P94) and be connected;
Second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second input point (IN-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), the other end of the controlled passage of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with second output point (OT-) of rectifier bridge (BT1), and the control end of diverter switch (MOS93) is connected with switching controls point (P93);
Emission control point (P90) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Switching controls point (P93) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling site (P98) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Electric energy receives control point (P94) and is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
Sampling output point (S91) is connected with an IO pin with AD conversion function of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2);
The supply pin (VCC) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with power supply point (VCC9); The grounding leg (VSS) of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with place (GND9);
One end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with electric energy acceptance point (S92), the other end of low-pass filtering inductance (L99) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) plays the effect of frequency-selecting, low-pass filtering inductance (L99) makes high-frequency signal get clogged at the output of rectifier bridge (BT1) thus cannot be input to by rectifier bridge in battery (BAT), low-pass filtering inductance (L99) can also play the effect of smoothing current, and the low-frequency current that can make to be input in battery is level and smooth;
One end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT), and the other end of power supply output capacitance (C98) is connected with the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT);
The positive pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with power supply point (VCC9), and the negative pole of chargeable battery (BAT) is connected with place (GND9);
Controlled capacitance (CS92) comprises insulating vessel (G11), conducting liquid (G31), entity (G21), bottom electrode (G51), top electrode (C50), insulating barrier (C51), solenoid (G41), controlled path first point (W3), controlled path second point (W4), driving switch (MOS97), drives diode (D97), drives electric capacity (C97), drived control point (P97);
Insulating vessel (G11) has stable shape, and the profile of insulating vessel (G11) is cylindric, and the container of insulating vessel (G11) is cylindric, and change of shape is less likely to occur the cavity volume of insulating vessel (G11), and insulating vessel (G11) is airtight container;
Conducting liquid (G31) is housed in the cavity volume of insulating vessel (G11), and the volume of conducting liquid (G31) is less than the volume of insulating vessel (G11), and the volume of conducting liquid (G31) is greater than the half of the volume of insulating vessel (G11);
Solenoid (G41) is fixedly wrapped in the outside of insulating vessel (G11), and solenoid (G41) is positioned at more than the stringcourse such as grade of insulating vessel (G11), and the axis of solenoid (G41) is connected with the axes coincide of insulating vessel (G11);
Top electrode (C50) is cylindric electric conductor, the axis of top electrode (C50) and the dead in line of insulating vessel (G11), insulating barrier (C51) covers on top electrode (C50) and forms capacitance electrode, has electricity and be connected between top electrode (C50) with controlled path first point (W3);
The averag density of entity (G21) is more than or equal to the density of conducting liquid (G31), entity (G21) has magnetic or paramagnetism, entity (G21) device is in insulating vessel, entity (G21) outer surface is insulation, the volume that the external volume of entity (G21) is less than insulating vessel (G11) deducts the volume of conducting liquid (G31), the central authorities of entity (G21) have through hole (G22), the diameter of the through hole (G22) of the central authorities of entity (G21) is greater than the diameter of capacitance electrode, entity (G21) to be sunk to the bottom or is suspended in conducting liquid (G31) by its through hole (G22) string and can free floating in vertical direction on capacitance electrode,
Bottom electrode (G51) is positioned at bottom the cavity volume inner surface of insulating vessel (G11), and bottom electrode (G51) and conducting liquid (G31) always keep in touch, and have electricity and be connected between bottom electrode (G51) with controlled path second point (W4);
Be energized to solenoid (G41), solenoid (G41) produces magnetic field (G42), solenoid (G41) can attract to make with entity (G21) to float at entity (G21) and enter the volume that arranges that floating state causes entity (G21) to arrange conducting liquid (G31) to reduce, and then the fluid level of conducting liquid (G31) is declined and the effective area between capacitance electrode and conducting liquid can be reduced, thus reduce capacitance total value between the first point (W3) of controlled path and the second point (W4) of controlled path gradually;
The positive pole of diode (D97) is driven to be connected with place (GND9);
Drive the two ends of electric capacity (C97) to be connected with driving the two ends of diode (D97) respectively, the two ends of solenoid (G41) are connected with driving the two ends of diode (D97) respectively;
The controlled passage of driving switch (MOS97) is connected between power supply point (VCC9) and the negative pole driving diode (D97), the control end of driving switch (MOS90) is connected with drived control point (P97), drived control point (P97) is connected with an IO pin of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), be connected with drived control point (P97) single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) IO pin on output pwm signal can control the capacitance of controlled capacitance (CS92), thus realize the adjustment to the bandwidth of the frequency-selecting of high-pass filtering;
The controlled path first point (W3) of controlled capacitance (CS92), the controlled path second point (W4) of controlled capacitance (CS92) are connected with the two ends of high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) respectively.
3. a kind of mobile device with wireless charging discharging function as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: between the bottom electrode (G51) of controlled capacitance (CS92) and the controlled passage second point (W4) of controlled capacitance (CS92), be also in series with ball switch, prevent capacitor from being used in the incorrect situation of placement.
4. device, it is characterized in that: it is characterized in that: there is a kind of mobile device, single-chip microcomputer control program with wireless charging discharging function according to claim 1 or claim 2, single-chip microcomputer control program is burnt in single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), in single-chip microcomputer control program, the level that electric energy receives the connected IO pin in control point (P94) is contrary with the level switching switching controls point (P93) all the time.
5. device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has transmitting subfunction.
6. device as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: the transmitting subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
Step a, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with switching controls point (P93) is set to high level output pattern by control program, and single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point (P94) is connected and be set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch (MOS93) is switched on, electric energy accepts switch (MOS92) and is turned off, second end points (L2) and the place (GND9) of coil L2 are connected, diode between the first input end (IN+) of rectifier bridge (BT1) and the second output (OT-) serves the effect of the self induction electromotive force eliminating coil (L2), the function of rectifier bridge (BT1) is destroyed, and the electric path between the input and output of rectifier bridge (BT1) is disconnected;
Step b, the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling output point (S91) is set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling site (P98) is set to high level output pattern by control program; The high-frequency signal passage that now high-pass filtering electric capacity (C92) and halfwave rectifier diode (D91) are formed gets clogged, the malleation that coil (L2) first end points (a) is applied in when being launched high-frequency signal can not absorb by high-frequency signal passage, even if therefore the frequency of high-frequency communication signal also can normal transmission in the frequency range of high-frequency signal passage;
Step c, applies pwm signal at the control end of emission switch (MOS90), now launches electric energy or communication signal by coil (L2).
7. device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer control program has reception subfunction.
8. device as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: the reception subfunction of described single-chip microcomputer control program has following characterization step:
The level of the IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with switching controls point (P93) is set to low level output pattern by step a, control program, and single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and electric energy are received the IO pin that control point (P94) is connected and be set to high level output pattern by control program; The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling site (P98) is set to low level output pattern by control program; Now circuit can have following state, diverter switch (MOS93) turns off, electric energy accepts switch (MOS92) and connects, second end points (L2) of coil L2 is not connected with place (GND9), rectifier bridge (BT1) function is complete, the input and output of rectifier bridge BT1 are unobstructed, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal, and the sampling functions of high frequency channel is normal;
The IO pin that single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) is connected with sampling output point (S91) is set to AD sampling configuration by step b, control program;
Step c also utilizes the tick interrupt pattern of single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2), the numerical value of the voltage on the IO pin that the collection at interval is connected with sampling output point (S91), and is converted to digital information and communication information.
9. device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: also have sample circuit for judging the charge condition of battery (BAT) between described single-chip microcomputer (PIC12F510-2) and described battery (BAT).
10. device, is characterized in that: all technical characteristic with the technical scheme in claim 1-9 described in arbitrary claim.
CN201510647268.9A 2015-10-09 2015-10-09 Mobile equipment with wireless charging and discharging function and device Pending CN105262233A (en)

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