CN105260110A - Enhanced user interface system - Google Patents

Enhanced user interface system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105260110A
CN105260110A CN 201510549061 CN201510549061A CN105260110A CN 105260110 A CN105260110 A CN 105260110A CN 201510549061 CN201510549061 CN 201510549061 CN 201510549061 A CN201510549061 A CN 201510549061A CN 105260110 A CN105260110 A CN 105260110A
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fluid
sheet
vessel
surface
device
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CN 201510549061
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Chinese (zh)
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克雷格·迈克尔·切希拉
迈卡·B·亚里
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泰克图斯科技公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1615Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers with several enclosures having relative motions, each enclosure supporting at least one I/O or computing function
    • G06F1/1616Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers with several enclosures having relative motions, each enclosure supporting at least one I/O or computing function with folding flat displays, e.g. laptop computers or notebooks having a clamshell configuration, with body parts pivoting to an open position around an axis parallel to the plane they define in closed position
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1633Constructional details or arrangements of portable computers not specific to the type of enclosures covered by groups G06F1/1615 - G06F1/1626
    • G06F1/1684Constructional details or arrangements related to integrated I/O peripherals not covered by groups G06F1/1635 - G06F1/1675
    • G06F1/169Constructional details or arrangements related to integrated I/O peripherals not covered by groups G06F1/1635 - G06F1/1675 the I/O peripheral being an integrated pointing device, e.g. trackball in the palm rest area, mini-joystick integrated between keyboard keys, touch pads or touch stripes
    • G06F1/1692Constructional details or arrangements related to integrated I/O peripherals not covered by groups G06F1/1635 - G06F1/1675 the I/O peripheral being an integrated pointing device, e.g. trackball in the palm rest area, mini-joystick integrated between keyboard keys, touch pads or touch stripes the I/O peripheral being a secondary touch screen used as control interface, e.g. virtual buttons or sliders
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/016Input arrangements with force or tactile feedback as computer generated output to the user
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/044Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by capacitive means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/048Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • G06F3/0487Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] using specific features provided by the input device, e.g. functions controlled by the rotation of a mouse with dual sensing arrangements, or of the nature of the input device, e.g. tap gestures based on pressure sensed by a digitiser
    • G06F3/0488Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] using specific features provided by the input device, e.g. functions controlled by the rotation of a mouse with dual sensing arrangements, or of the nature of the input device, e.g. tap gestures based on pressure sensed by a digitiser using a touch-screen or digitiser, e.g. input of commands through traced gestures
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/048Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • G06F3/0487Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] using specific features provided by the input device, e.g. functions controlled by the rotation of a mouse with dual sensing arrangements, or of the nature of the input device, e.g. tap gestures based on pressure sensed by a digitiser
    • G06F3/0488Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] using specific features provided by the input device, e.g. functions controlled by the rotation of a mouse with dual sensing arrangements, or of the nature of the input device, e.g. tap gestures based on pressure sensed by a digitiser using a touch-screen or digitiser, e.g. input of commands through traced gestures
    • G06F3/04886Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] using specific features provided by the input device, e.g. functions controlled by the rotation of a mouse with dual sensing arrangements, or of the nature of the input device, e.g. tap gestures based on pressure sensed by a digitiser using a touch-screen or digitiser, e.g. input of commands through traced gestures by partitioning the screen or tablet into independently controllable areas, e.g. virtual keyboards, menus
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B6/00Tactile signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/048Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/04809Textured surface identifying touch areas, e.g. overlay structure for a virtual keyboard

Abstract

A user interface enhancement system that includes a sheet that defines a surface and at least partially defines a fluid vessel arranged underneath the surface, a volume of fluid contained within the fluid vessel that cooperates with the sheet to transmit an image through the sheet without substantial obstruction, a displacement device that influences the volume of fluid within the fluid vessel to expand and retract at least a portion of the fluid vessel, thereby deforming a particular region of the surface, and an attachment component that couples the sheet to the device is disclosed.

Description

用户界面增强系统 Enhanced user interface system

[0001] 本申请是申请日为2010年7月5日,申请号为201080039146.7,发明名称为“用户界面增强系统”的申请的分案申请。 [0001] This application is filed on July 5, 2010, Application No. 201080039146.7, entitled divisional applications "Enhanced User Interface System" application.

[0002] 相关申请的交叉引用 CROSS [0002] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0003] 本申请要求于2009年7月03日提交的美国临时申请号为61/223,004,标题为“User Interface System(用户界面系统)”的权益,在此通过引用并入该临时申请的全部内容。 [0003] This application claims the benefit of US Provisional Application No. July 3, 2009, filed 61 / 223,004, entitled "User Interface System (User Interface System)" rights, which are incorporated herein by reference provisional application the entire contents.

[0004] 本申请涉及于2008年01月04日提交的美国申请号为11/969,848,标题为“System and Method for Raised Touch Screens (用于凸起的触摸屏的系统及方法)”,以及于2009年01月05日提交的美国申请号为12/319,334,标题为“User InterfaceSyStem(用户界面系统)”的专利申请,在此通过引用并入该两个申请的全部内容。 [0004] This application is related to the January 4, 2008 filed US Application No. 11 / 969,848, entitled "System and Method for Raised Touch Screens (System and method for touch screen projections)," and in 2009 on January 5 filed US application No. 12 / 319,334, entitled "user InterfaceSyStem (UI system)," the patent application by reference the entire contents of which are incorporated two applications.

技术领域 FIELD

[0005] 本发明一般涉及触摸感应用户界面,更具体地涉及一种用于选择性地凸起触摸感应显示器的部分的新的且有益的可安装的系统及方法。 [0005] The present invention relates generally to touch sensitive user interface, and more particularly to a new and useful system and method for selectively mounting a touch-sensitive display projection portion.

[0006] 发明背景 [0006] Background of the Invention

[0007] 触摸感应显示器,例如,触摸屏,能够提供动态用户输入界面并在用户界面被应用于各种使用的应用中是有益的,例如,在其中用户界面可以改变成适用于由用户控制的装置的通用遥控中或在具有多功能的移动电话中。 [0007] The touch-sensitive display, e.g., a touch screen, it is possible to provide a dynamic user input interface and the user interface application is applied to various uses is beneficial, for example, where the user interface can change the device controlled by the user to be suitable for the universal remote control or in a multi-functional mobile phone. 然而,与具有专用输入装置的静态用户输入界面如具有分离的明确定义的按键的键盘不同,大多数的触摸感应显示器通常是平面的。 However different keyboard keys, and a user input interface having static dedicated input device such as a well-defined separation of most of the touch-sensitive display is generally planar. 因此,触摸感应显示器不能提供许多可以在静态用户界面中看到和/或感觉到的触觉引导。 Thus, the touch-sensitive display can not be seen to provide many and / or feel of the user interface in the static tactile guide. 触觉引导的重要性在苹果公司的iPhone和RIM公司的Blackberry产品之间的竞争中是很明显的。 The importance of tactile guide in the competition between Apple's iPhone and RIM's Blackberry products is obvious. 没有触觉引导,会存在若干劣势;例如,用户可能在没有保持其眼睛在显示器上的情况下很难区分一个输入选择与另一个输入选择,或者在键入一输入时很难确定将其手指放到哪里。 No tactile guide, there will be a number of disadvantages; for example, the user may be holding the case in which the eye is not on the display is difficult to distinguish one from another input selector input selection or a type difficult to determine when his finger into the input where. 许多电子装置如智能电话、遥控器、个人导航装置、移动电话、和便携式游戏机随着功能的增加,制造商提供可以适用于每种装置的多种功能的静态用户界面变得越来越困难。 Many electronic devices such as smart phones, remote controls, personal navigation devices, mobile phones, and portable game machines with increased functionality, the manufacturer of each device can be applied to a variety of functions static user interface is becoming increasingly difficult . 在试图提供更好的用户体验中,许多电子装置逐渐使用触摸感应显示器以提供可以适用于每种装置的多种功能的动态用户界面,因此存在众多依赖触摸感应显示器作为主要用户输入接收装置并缺乏机械式键盘的触觉引导的常用电子装置。 In an attempt to provide a touch-sensitive display as the main-dependent user input receiving means and the lack of a better user experience, many electronic devices increasingly being used to provide a touch-sensitive display dynamic user interface device may be applied to each of a plurality of functions, and therefore there are numerous common electronic device tactile guide mechanical keyboard. 本发明提供一种可以被添加到这种装置中以提供触觉引导的新的且有益的用户界面。 The present invention provides an apparatus which may be added to provide a tactile guide to a new and useful user interface.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 根据本发明的一方面,提供了一种用于触摸界面装置的用户界面增强系统,包括: [0008] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a user interface apparatus for a touch interface for enhancement system, comprising:

[0009]-板状物,其限定表面并且至少部分地限定布置在所述表面下方的流体容器; [0009] - the plate defining a surface and at least partially defining a fluid reservoir disposed below said surface;

[0010]- 一定体积的流体,其在所述流体容器内,所述一定体积的流体与所述板状物协作以允许光线无实质阻碍地使图像透过所述板状物; [0010] - a volume of fluid, in which the fluid container, the volume of the fluid cooperating with the plate to allow unimpeded insubstantial light transmitted through the image to the plate;

[0011]-转移装置,其影响所述流体容器内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进所述流体容器的至少一部分,因而使所述表面的特定区变形;以及 [0011] - transfer means, which affect the volume of fluid inside the fluid container to extend and retracted at least a portion of the fluid container, thus making a particular region of the surface modification; and

[0012]-连接组件,其将所述板状物安装到所述触摸界面装置上。 [0012] - connection assembly, which is mounted to said plate-like device on the touch screen.

[0013] 在优选实施方式中,所述流体容器包括凹腔,且其中所述转移装置影响所述凹腔内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进所述凹腔,因而使所述表面的特定区变形。 [0013] In a preferred embodiment, the fluid container comprises a cavity, and wherein the devices affect the volume of fluid inside the cavity of the extension and retraction of the transfer to the cavity, thereby making the specific surface District deformation.

[0014] 在优选实施方式中,所述板状物限定第二凹腔,所述第二凹腔包含一定体积的流体。 [0014] In a preferred embodiment, the plate defining the second cavity, the second cavity comprising a volume of fluid.

[0015] 在优选实施方式中,所述第二凹腔实质上与所述凹腔相同。 [0015] In a preferred embodiment, the second cavity is substantially the same as the cavity.

[0016] 在优选实施方式中,用户界面增强系统还包括第二转移装置,所述第二转移装置影响所述第二凹腔内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进所述第二凹腔,因而使所述表面的第二特定区变形。 [0016] In a preferred embodiment, the system further comprising a user interface enhancements second transfer means, the second volume of the fluid inside the cavity affect the second transfer means to said second extension and retraction of said cavity, thus the second specific region of the surface modification.

[0017] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置还影响所述第二凹腔内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进所述第二凹腔,因而使所述表面的第二特定区变形。 [0017] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer means also affect the volume of fluid inside the second cavity to expand said retracted and said second cavity, thereby making a second modification of the specific surface area.

[0018] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置影响所述第二凹腔内部的流体的体积,而与所述凹腔内部的流体的体积无关。 [0018] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer means affect the volume of fluid inside the second cavity, regardless of the volume of the fluid inside the cavity.

[0019] 在优选实施方式中,由所述板状物限定的所述表面实质上是连续的且平面的。 [0019] In a preferred embodiment, the surface of the plate was defined by the substantially continuous and planar.

[0020] 在优选实施方式中,所述板状物限定具有在第一平面上的第一部分和在第二平面上的第二部分的表面。 [0020] In a preferred embodiment, the plate-like portion and defining a first surface having a first plane on a second portion on the second plane.

[0021] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置影响所述流体容器内部的流体的体积以扩展所述流体容器的至少一部分从而使所述表面的所述特定区向外变形,并且缩进已扩展的流体容器以使所述特定区基本上恢复到所述表面的平面。 [0021] In a preferred embodiment, the apparatus affect the volume of fluid inside the fluid container to extend the transfer at least a portion of the fluid container such that the specific surface area of ​​the deformed outwardly, and has indented extended container so that the fluid is substantially restored to a specific region of the planar surface.

[0022] 在优选实施方式中,所述板状物和所述流体实质上是透明的。 [0022] In a preferred embodiment, the plate-like and said fluid is substantially transparent.

[0023] 在优选实施方式中,所述流体的折射率实质上与所述板状物的至少一部分的折射率相同。 [0023] In a preferred embodiment, the fluid is substantially the same refractive index as the refractive index of at least a portion of the plate-like.

[0024] 在优选实施方式中,用户界面增强系统还包括数据链路,所述数据链路使所述转移装置与所述触摸界面装置连接并允许在所述转移装置与所述触摸界面装置之间进行通信,且其中所述转移装置由所述触摸界面装置驱动。 [0024] In a preferred embodiment, the user interface system further comprises a data link reinforcement, said data link means and said transferring means is connected to the touch screen and the touch device allows the transfer of the interface device inter-communication, and wherein said transferring means is driven by means of the touch interface.

[0025] 在优选实施方式中,所述数据链路包括无线发射机和无线接收机。 [0025] In a preferred embodiment, the data link comprises a wireless transmitter and a wireless receiver.

[0026] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置是电动的。 [0026] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer means are electric.

[0027] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置包括贮存器,所述贮存器包含一定体积的流体并流体地连接至所述流体容器,且其中流体在所述贮存器和所述流体容器之间转移。 [0027] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer device includes a reservoir, a fluid comprises a volume of the reservoir, and fluidly connected to the fluid container, and wherein the fluid in the reservoir of the fluid container and inter transfer.

[0028] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置包括流体栗,所述流体栗使流体在所述贮存器和所述流体容器之间转移。 [0028] In a preferred embodiment, the fluid transfer means comprises Li, Li said fluid transfer between the fluid reservoir and the fluid container.

[0029] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置扩展流体的体积以扩展所述流体容器。 [0029] In a preferred embodiment, the expanded volume of the fluid transfer device to extend the fluid container.

[0030] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置是加热器。 [0030] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer device is a heater.

[0031] 在优选实施方式中,用户界面增强系统还包括动力源,所述动力源给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0031] In a preferred embodiment, the system further enhance the user interface includes a power source, the power source providing power to said transfer means.

[0032] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置是手动提供动力的。 [0032] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer device is manually powered.

[0033] 在优选实施方式中,对所述转移装置的驱动给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0033] In a preferred embodiment, the means for driving said transfer means to transfer said powered.

[0034] 在优选实施方式中,手动动力被存储在储能器中,且其中所述转移装置的驱动从所述储能器释放所存储的动力以给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0034] In a preferred embodiment, the manual force is in the storage vessel, and wherein said power drive means from said accumulator releasing the stored transferred to the transfer to the storage means is powered.

[0035] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置被连接至所述触摸界面装置的一部分,且其中所述触摸界面装置的该部分的移动给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0035] In a preferred embodiment, the portion of the transfer device is connected to the touch interface of the device, and wherein movement of the portion of the touch interface device to provide power to the transfer device.

[0036] 在优选实施方式中,所述触摸界面装置包括盖,且其中所述盖的移动驱动所述转移装置并给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0036] In a preferred embodiment, the touch interface comprises a cover means, and wherein movement of said lid driving means and said transfer means to transfer said powered.

[0037] 在优选实施方式中,所述盖是带铰链的翻盖。 [0037] In a preferred embodiment, the cover flap is hinged.

[0038] 在优选实施方式中,所述触摸界面装置包括按钮,所述按钮驱动所述触摸界面装置,且其中所述按钮的驱动驱动所述转移装置并给所述转移装置提供动力。 [0038] In a preferred embodiment, the interface device comprises a touch-button, said button touch interface of the drive means, and wherein said button means and driving said transfer means to transfer said powered.

[0039] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置包括贮存器,所述贮存器包含一定体积的流体并流体连接至所述流体容器,且其中流体在所述贮存器和所述流体容器之间转移。 [0039] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer device includes a reservoir, a fluid comprises a volume of the reservoir, and fluidly connected to the fluid container, and wherein the fluid in the reservoir between the fluid container and transfer.

[0040] 在优选实施方式中,所述贮存器是手动压缩的以将流体转移至所述流体容器。 [0040] In a preferred embodiment, the reservoir is manually compressed to transfer fluid to the fluid container.

[0041 ] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置包括被包含在所述贮存器内部的柱塞,所述柱塞相对于所述贮存器被手动移动以使流体在所述贮存器和所述流体容器之间转移。 [0041] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer means includes a plunger contained within the reservoir, the plunger with respect to the reservoir is manually moved so that the fluid in the reservoir and the transfer between the fluid container.

[0042] 在优选实施方式中,所述转移装置被偏置成扩展所述流体容器,且其中所述转移装置被手动提供动力以缩进所述流体容器。 [0042] In a preferred embodiment, the transfer means is biased to expand the fluid container, and wherein said transfer means is powered manually retracted to the fluid container.

[0043] 在优选实施方式中,所述连接组件实质上包住所述触摸界面装置。 [0043] In a preferred embodiment, the connector assembly means substantially encasing the touch interface.

[0044] 在优选实施方式中,所述触摸界面装置包括触摸感应显示器,且其中所述连接组件将所述板状物安装到所述触摸感应显示器上。 [0044] In a preferred embodiment, the touch interface includes a touch-sensitive display means, and wherein said mounting assembly is connected to the plate-like on the touch-sensitive display.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0045] 图la和图lb分别是优选实施方式的用户界面系统的顶视图和说明对依据优选实施方式的按钮阵列的操作的横截面视图。 [0045] FIGS. La and lb are respectively a top view and a user interface system described in a preferred embodiment of a cross-sectional view of an operation button array according to a preferred embodiment of embodiment.

[0046] 图2a和图2b是优选实施方式的连接至装置的用户界面系统的示意图。 [0046] Figures 2a and 2b is a schematic view of the system connected to a user interface apparatus of the preferred embodiment.

[0047]图3a、图3b和图3c分别是优选实施方式的缩进模式、扩展模式和用户输入模式的横截面视图。 [0047] Figures 3a, 3b and 3c are retracted mode preferred embodiment, the user input mode and extended mode cross-sectional view.

[0048] 图4a和图4b是具有通道与凹腔的组合的板状物的第二变形以及具有分割层部分和基板部分的板状物的第三变形的横截面视图。 [0048] Figures 4a and 4b is a second modification of the plate and having a combined channel as well as the cavity cross-sectional view of a third modification of the separation layer having the plate portion and the substrate portion.

[0049] 图5、图6a和图6b是优选实施方式的连接组件的变形的示意图。 [0049] Figures 5, 6a and 6b is a schematic diagram showing a preferred embodiment of connection assembly embodiment.

[0050] 图7a和图7b是改变凹腔中的现有流体的第一优选实施方式的板状物、凹腔和转移装置(displacement device)的横截面视图,具有分别在缩进的容量设置和扩展的容量设置中的凹腔。 [0050] Figures 7a and 7b are the plate to change the existing fluid in the cavity in the first preferred embodiment, and a cross-sectional view of a cavity transfer device (displacement device) having capacities respectively provided in the indented the capacity of the extensions and cavities.

[0051]图8是将额外的流体转移进入凹腔的第一优选实施方式的第一实施例的板状物、凹腔和转移装置的示意图。 A schematic view of a first embodiment of the plate, the cavities and the transfer means in the first preferred embodiment [0051] FIG 8 is transferred into the additional fluid cavity.

[0052]图9是将额外的流体转移进入凹腔的第一优选实施方式的第二实施例的板状物、凹腔和转移装置的示意图。 A schematic view of a second embodiment of the plate, the cavities and the transfer device of the first preferred embodiment [0052] FIG. 9 is an additional fluid transferred into the cavity.

[0053] 图10a和图10b是将额外的流体转移进入和离开凹腔的第一优选实施方式的第三实施例的板状物、凹腔和转移装置的示意图,其中凹腔分别在缩进的容量设置和扩展的容量设置。 [0053] FIGS. 10a and FIG. 10b is a schematic view of the plate, the cavities and the transfer device of the third embodiment of the first preferred embodiment of the additional fluid entering and leaving the transfer cavity, wherein each cavity in the retracted the capacity of the capacity expansion and setting.

[0054] 图11a、图11b、图12a和图12b是第二优选实施方式的第一变形的第一实施例和第二实施例的转移装置的示意图。 [0054] FIG. 11a, FIG. 11b, 12a and 12b is a schematic view of a first modification of the first embodiment and second preferred embodiment of the transfer device of the second embodiment.

[0055] 图13a和图13b是第二优选实施方式的第二变形的转移装置的示意图。 [0055] Figures 13a and 13b is a schematic view of a second modification of the second preferred embodiment of the transfer means of the embodiment.

[0056]图14和图15是第二优选实施方式的第三变形的第一实施例的第一型式的转移装置的示意图。 [0056] FIG. 14 and FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a third modification of the first embodiment of the transfer device of the first embodiment of the second preferred type of embodiment.

[0057] 图16是第二优选实施方式的第三变形的第一实施例的第二型式的转移装置的示意图。 [0057] FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the transfer device of the third modification of the first embodiment of the second version of the second preferred embodiment.

[0058] 图17a、图17b、图18a和图18b是第二优选实施方式的第三变形的第一实施例的第三型式的转移装置的示意图。 [0058] FIG. 17a, FIG. 17b, FIG. 18a and 18b is a schematic view of a third modification of the third version of the transfer device of the first embodiment of the second preferred embodiment.

[0059] 图19a、图19b、图20a和图20b分别是在脱离状态和啮合状态中的第一实施例和第二实施例的锁定机构的示意图。 [0059] FIG. 19a, FIG. 19b, FIG. 20a and 20b are in the disengaged state and the first embodiment in the engagement and locking mechanism of the second embodiment of FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0060] 以下对本发明的优选实施方式的描述并非意在将本发明限制于这些优选实施方式,而是为了使任何本领域的技术人员能够制造并使用本发明。 [0060] The following description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is not intended to limit the invention to these preferred embodiments, but rather to enable any person skilled in the art to make and use the invention.

[0061] 如图1和图2所示,优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100优选地用于增强触摸界面装置10的用户界面,如图2所示。 [0061] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a preferred embodiment of the user interface enhancement system 100 is preferably used to enhance the user interface touch interface device 10, as shown in FIG. 优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100优选地包括:板状物102,所述板状物限定表面115以及至少部分地限定流体容器127 ;包含在流体容器127内部的一定体积的流体112,所述流体112与板状物102协作以无实质阻碍地使图像透过板状物102 ;转移装置130,所述转移装置130影响流体容器127内部的流体112的体积以扩展和缩进流体容器127的至少一部分,因而使表面115的特定区113变形;以及使所述板状物与装置10连接的连接组件220。 Preferred embodiment the user interface 100 preferably enhancement system comprising: the plate 102, the surface of the plate 115 and defines at least partially defining a fluid container 127; 127 contained inside the fluid container of a volume of fluid 112, the the fluid 112 to the plate 102 cooperates with insubstantial unimpeded through the plate 102 so that the image; volume 112 transfer means 130, the fluid 130 inside the apparatus affect the fluid vessel 127 to transfer the expansion and retraction of the fluid vessel 127 at least a portion, and therefore a particular region of the surface modification 115 113; and the device 10 is connected with the plate assembly 220 attached. 如图lb和图2所示,流体容器127优选为凹腔125,转移装置130优选地影响凹腔125内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进凹腔125。 FIG. Lb and 2, the fluid container 127 preferably has a concave cavity 125, transfer device 130 preferably affect the volume of fluid inside the cavity 125 to expand the cavity 125 and indent. 流体容器127可以选择性地为通道138或通道138与凹腔125的组合,如图4a所示。 The fluid container 127 may be selectively or as a combination of the channel 138 and the channel 138 of the cavity 125, shown in Figure 4a. 用户界面增强系统100优选地为两个优选实施方式之一。 One way to enhance the user interface system 100 is preferably implemented as two preferably. 在第一优选实施方式中,转移装置130是电动的。 In a first preferred embodiment, the transfer means 130 are electric. 在第二优选实施方式中,转移装置130是手动提供动力的。 In a second preferred embodiment, the transfer device 130 is manually powered. 如图2所示,优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100还可以包括优选地起到给用户界面增强系统100提供动力功能的本地动力源(native power source) 200,起到允许用户界面增强系统100与装置10之间进行通信功能的数据链路205,和/或起到使用户界面增强系统100与装置10电连接功能的连接器210。 As shown, the preferred embodiment of the user interface enhancement system 2 may further comprise preferably 100 functions as a user interface to enhance the local power supply (native power source) 100 to power the system function 200, a user interface functions to allow enhancement system 100 the data link 205 for communication between the device 10 and the function of, and / or act to enhance the user interface system 100 and the connector 10 is electrically connected to the device 210 functionality. 转移装置130和/或本地动力源200还可以被包含在板状物102的内部,但是可以选择性地位于板状物102的外部。 External transfer means 130 and / or a local power source 200 may also be contained inside the plate 102, but may be selectively positioned in the plate 102. 流体容器127还可以包括包含一定体积的流体112的第二凹腔125b,转移装置130还优选地影响第二凹腔125b内部的流体的体积以扩展和缩进第二凹腔125b,因而使表面115的第二特定区113变形。 The fluid container 127 may further comprise a second cavity 125b containing a volume of fluid 112, the volume of fluid inside the second cavity 125b metastasis apparatus 130 also preferably extended and retracted in a second cavity 125b, thus making the surface 115 113 second specific modification region. 转移装置130优选地独立于凹腔125而影响第二凹腔125b内部的流体112的体积,但是可以可选择地大体上同时地影响凹腔125和第二凹腔125b的内部的流体112的体积。 Transfer means 130 is preferably independent of the cavity 125 to affect the volume of fluid inside the second cavity 125b 112, but may alternatively be substantially simultaneously affect the volume of fluid inside the cavity 125 and second cavity 125b 112 . 可选择地,用户界面增强系统100可以包括第二转移装置130,所述第二转移装置130起到影响第二凹腔125b内部的流体112的体积以扩展和缩进第二凹腔125b因而使所述表面的第二特定区113变形的功能。 Alternatively, the user interface system 100 can include a second enhancing transfer device 130, transfer device 130 functions as the second internal volume of the influence of the second fluid cavity 112 to 125b extended and retracted so that the second cavity 125b thereby 113 deformed region specific function of the second surface. 第二凹腔125b优选类似或等同于凹腔125,但是可以选择性地为任一其他适合的凹腔类型。 The second cavity 125b is preferably similar or equivalent to cavity 125, but may alternatively be of any other suitable type of cavity.

[0062] 优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100已被具体设计成添加到电子装置10的用户界面,更优选地添加到利用触摸感应显示器作为主要的接收用户输入的工具的电子装置10中。 [0062] The preferred embodiment of the user interface enhancement system 100 has been specifically designed to be added to the user interface of the electronic device 10, and more preferably added to the tool using a touch-sensitive display as the main receiving user input 10 of the electronic device. 这可以包括,例如,笔记本电脑、平板电脑、移动手机、个人数字助理(PDA)、个人导航装置、遥控器、个人媒体播放器、照相机、触控板或键盘。 This may include, for example, a notebook computer, a tablet computer, a mobile phone, a personal digital assistant (PDA), personal navigation device, a remote controller, a personal media player, a camera, a touch panel or a keyboard. 然而,用户界面增强系统100可以被用作任何以触觉和/或视觉方式与用户接口的适合装置(如汽车控制台、台式电脑、电视、收音机、台式电话机、手表、遥控器和鼠标)的用户界面。 However, to enhance the user interface system 100 by any suitable means may be used in a tactile and / or visual interface with the user (e.g., automotive console, a desktop computer, a television, a radio, a desk phone, a watch, a remote controller and a mouse) User Interface. 如图3所示,用户界面增强系统100的表面115优选地保持平坦,直到在特定区113的位置中将给予用户触觉引导。 3, the user interface system 115 is preferably enhanced surface 100 remains flat until the user is given a tactile guide in the position of the specific region 113. 然后转移装置130优选地扩展凹腔125以使特定区113向外变形,形成可以由用户感觉到的变形,并为用户提供触觉引导。 And transfer means 130 preferably extend the cavity 125 to a particular region 113 deformed outwardly to form perceivable by the user modification, and provide users with tactile guidance. 被扩展的特定区113还优选地在他或她在特定区113上施加力以提供输入时给用户提供触觉反馈。 113 also preferably be extended in a particular region when he or she applies a force in a particular region 113 to provide an input to provide tactile feedback to the user. 触觉反馈可以是以牛顿第三定律的形式,所施加的力具有大小相等和方向相反的反作用力,但是可以选择性地为任何其他适合的触觉反馈的类型。 The haptic feedback may be in the form of Newton's third law, the force applied with equal magnitude and opposite reaction, but may be selectively fed back to any other suitable type of haptic. 可选择地,转移装置130可以缩进凹腔125以使特定区113向内变形。 Alternatively, transfer means 130 may be retracted in a recess 125 of the specific area 113 is deformed inwardly. 然而,可以使用特定区113的任何其他适合的变形。 However, any other suitable modification of the specific area 113. 用户输入优选地由触摸感应显示器检测并由装置10处理。 The user input is preferably processed by a touch-sensitive display by the detection means 10. 然而,可以使用用户界面增强系统100的任何其他适合的布置。 However, the user interface may be used to enhance any other suitable arrangement of the system 100.

[0063] 如图2b所示,用户界面增强系统100优选地被放置在显示图像的装置10的触摸感应显示器之上。 [0063] shown in Figure 2b, to enhance the user interface 100 preferably is placed over the touch-sensitive display device 10 displays an image. 如以上描述,该体积的流体112优选地与板状物102协作以无实质阻碍地使图像透过板状物102。 As described above, the volume of fluid 112 is preferably cooperates with the plate 102 without substantial hindrance to the plate 102 through the image. 可选择地,仅当流体容器127处于特定状态时,例如当流体容器127处于缩进状态或当流体容器处于扩展状态时,该体积的流体112可以与板状物102协作以无实质阻碍地使图像透过板状物102。 Alternatively, only when the fluid container 127 is in a particular state, such as when the fluid container 127 in a retracted state or when the fluid container is in the expanded state, the volume of fluid 112 may cooperate with the plate 102 so that no substantial hindrance image 102 through the plate. 因为特定区113的变形起到给用户提供触觉引导的功能,当触觉引导出现时用户可以不需要来自所述图像的视觉线索而操作用户界面。 Since the deformation zone 113 of specific functions to provide the user a tactile guiding function, when the user may not need to touch the guide appears from the image of the visual cue and operating the user interface. 然而,该体积的流体112和板状物102可以协作以在任何其他适合的布置中无实质阻碍地使图像透过板状物102。 However, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 may cooperate to pass through without substantial hindrance image to the plate 102 in any other suitable arrangement. 阻碍图像透过可以被定义为在到达用户的过程中产生图像的视觉中断的任何对图像的操纵。 Any manipulation of the image through the obstacle interrupts the image may be defined as the visual image generated in the process of reaching the user. 阻碍可以包括阻挡图像的很大部分、使图像大体上变暗,和/或难以理解地使图像基本失真。 May include a barrier hindering large part of the image, image generally darker and / or difficult to understand the basic image distortion. 优选地不被认为是对图像透过的阻碍的对图像的操纵可以包括图像的失真同时允许图像基本视觉上可以理解、大体上均匀着色图像,和/或大体上均匀放大图像。 Preferably not considered to be obstacles for manipulation of an image through the image may include a distortion of the image while allowing an image to be understood that the basic visualizing substantially uniformly colored images, and / or substantially uniformly enlarged image. 在第一变形中,为了减少图像的失真,该体积的流体112和板状物102优选地协作以允许来自显示器的光线从板状物102以大体上与直接从显示器的角度相同的角度到达用户的眼睛,使得来自显示器的图像通过板状物102被看到如同其将直接从显示器被看至IJ。 In a first variant, in order to reduce the distortion of the image, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 preferably cooperate to allow light from the display 102 from the plate to the display from substantially the same perspective angle to direct the user eye, so that the image from the display to be seen by the plate 102 as it would be seen directly from the display to the IJ. 在第二变形中,该体积的流体112和板状物102可以起到大体上一致地折射来自显示器的光线的功能以在由用户看到图像的不同区之间大体上维持相同的相对比例。 In a second variant, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 may function substantially uniform refracted rays from the display function to maintain substantially the same relative proportions between the different regions of the image seen by the user. 例如,该体积的流体112和板状物102可以协作地起到大体上放大来自装置10的显示器的图像的功能,因而一致地增加由用户看到的图像的尺寸或增加图像的一部分的尺寸而大于另一部分。 For example, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 may cooperate to play the function of the image size of the apparatus is substantially enlarged from the display 10, thereby increasing consistently seen by the user or increase the size of the image portion of the image and larger than the other portion. 在第三变形中,该体积的流体112和板状物102可以协作以不同地折射来自图像的不同部分的光线(即,“扭曲”图像)以增加图像的某一部分的放大率。 In a third variation, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 may cooperate to refract light differently from different parts of the image (i.e., "distorted" image) to increase the magnification of a portion of the image. 例如,流体112和板状物102可以协作以给图像提供鱼眼型放大以大体上增加图像的某一部分的能见度。 For example, fluid 112 and the plate 102 may cooperate to provide a fish-eye image in order to substantially increase the visibility of amplifying a part of the image. 在第一、第二和第三变形中,该体积的流体112和板状物102优选各自为大体上相同的折射率以在光线透过板状物102时大体上维持光线从显示器的一个折射角。 In the first, second, and third variation, the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 are preferably each substantially the same refractive index as to substantially maintain the plate through the light from the display 102 when a refraction of light angle. 可选择地,该体积的流体112和板状物102的折射率可以是大体上不同的,但是流体112和板状物102优选地协作以减少用户对不同的折射角的察觉。 Alternatively, the refractive index of the volume of fluid 112 and the plate 102 may be substantially different, but the fluid 112 and the plate 102 preferably cooperate to reduce user to perceive different angle of refraction. 例如,流体112的体积可以大体上占板状物102的厚度和/或宽度的相当小的百分比,以使流体112中折射角的变化大体上通过用户不可检测。 For example, the volume of fluid 112 may substantially occupy the thickness and / or a relatively small percentage of the width of the plate 102, so that the fluid 112 changes in the angle of refraction is substantially undetectable by the user. 在第二实施例中,通道138和/或凹腔125的壁可以被布置成补偿流体112和板状物102之间的折射率上的差异,例如,通过将壁以相对于板状物102的特定角度放置。 In the second embodiment, the channel walls 138 and / or the cavities 125 may be arranged on a difference in refractive index between the plate 112 and the compensated fluid 102, e.g., by a wall 102 with respect to the plate the specific angle is placed. 板状物102和流体112均优选为大体上透明的以减少图像的颜色和/或强度上的变化。 Fluid 112 and the plate 102 are preferably substantially transparent so as to reduce the color of the image and / or a change in intensity. 类似地,板状物102和流体112均优选地包括大体上类似的光吸收特性、双折射特性和/或色度特性。 Similarly, the plate 102 and the fluid 112 preferably includes a substantially similar light absorption properties, birefringence properties, and / or chromaticity characteristics. 然而,任何其他适合的半透明度、透明度、吸收性、折射和/或任何其他适合的光透射特性可以被用于板状物102和流体112。 However, any other suitable translucency, opacity, absorbency, and / or any other suitable light transmission characteristics may be used to refract the plate 102 and the fluid 112. 类似地,任何其他适合的方法可以被用于减少对图像的透过的阻碍。 Similarly, any other suitable method may be used to reduce hindrance to transmission of the image.

[0064] 特定区113的变形的形状优选为一种由用户通过其手指可以感觉到的形状,并优选地作为(1)可以由用户按压的按钮,(2)可以由用户在一个沿着滑动器的位置中按压的滑动器,或可以在沿着滑动器的滑动运动中触碰着移动的滑动器(如第二代苹果iPod的“点击式转盘(click wheel) ”),和/或(3)可以由用户沿着表面的多方向和/或位置按压的触控点(pointing stick),藉此为用户提供触觉反馈,以区别第一方向的触摸与第二方向的触摸和/或区别在第一位置中的触摸与在第二位置中的触摸(例如由IBM注册商标成TRACKP0INT的触控点和由Synaptics注册商标成T0UCHSTYK的触控点(两者都通俗地被称为“橡胶头(nipple)”))。 Deformed shape [0064] particular zone 113 preferably is a method by which a user can feel the shape of a finger, and preferably as (1) the button can be pressed by a user, (2) may be slid by the user along a pressing the slider's position, or may touch the movement of the slider (such as Apple's iPod second generation "click Wheel (click wheel)") along the sliding movement of the slider, and / or ( 3), thereby providing tactile feedback to the user along the direction of the surface of the multi-touch point and / or the pressed position (pointing stick) by the user to touching the second direction differs from the first direction and / or differentiation touching the touch in the second position in the first position (e.g., touch point by IBM registered trademarks and into TRACKP0INT trademark registered by Synaptics T0UCHSTYK to the touch point (both referred to colloquially as "rubber head (nipple) ")). 然而,变形可以作为任何其他适合的提供适合触觉引导和触觉反馈的装置或方法。 However, a modification may be any other suitable means or method provides tactile guidance and tactile feedback for.

[0065] 如图1和图3所示,优选实施方式的板状物102起到提供以触觉方式与用户接口的表面115的功能和至少部分地限定流体容器127的功能。 [0065] FIGS. 1 and 3, the plate 102 functions to provide a preferred embodiment of a tactile function with the user interface surface 115 and at least partially defining a fluid reservoir 127 functions. 如以上描述,流体容器127优选为凹腔125 (如图lb和图2所示),但是可以选择性地为通道138或凹腔125与通道138的组合(如图4a所示)。 As described above, the fluid container 127 is preferably a cavity 125 (FIG. 2 and FIG. Lb), but may alternatively be a combination of the channel 125 and the cavity 138 or channel 138 (FIG. 4a). 表面115优选为连续的,以使当手指击打表面115时用户将感觉不到在表面115中的任何裂缝或任何其他类型的破裂。 Surface 115 is preferably continuous, such that the striking surface of the finger when the user 115 not feel any cracks in the fracture surface 115 or any other type. 可选择地,表面115可以包括帮助用户区别一个区与另一区的特征。 Alternatively, surface 115 can include features to help a user distinguish one region to another region. 表面115还优选为平面的。 Surface 115 is also preferably planar. 表面115优选地被布置在平坦的平面中,但是可以选择性地被布置在弯曲的平面中,或布置在第一平面上然后环绕到大体上垂直于第一平面的第二平面,或任何其他适合的布置。 Surface 115 is preferably arranged in a flat plane, but may be selectively disposed in a curved plane, or arranged in a first plane and surrounded by a second plane substantially perpendicular to the first plane, or any other suitable arrangements. 表面115可以选择性地包括块状物、隆起物、凹陷部分、纹理,或可以是任何其他适合的类型或几何形状的表面。 Surface 115 may optionally include lumps, bumps, a recessed portion, a texture, or may be any other suitable type of surface or geometry. 表面115还起到基于凹腔125的扩展而变形的功能,以及优选地起到基于凹腔125的缩进而“放松”或“解除变形”返回至正常的平面状态的功能。 Based on the extended surface 115 also functions as a cavity 125 is deformed features, functions and preferably returned to a functioning state plane based on the cavity 125 and indent "relax" or "modified release." 在第一型式中,板状物102包含有弹性的第一部分和相对无弹性的第二部分。 In the first version, the plate 102 comprises a first portion and a second portion of relatively inelastic flexible. 在第二型式中,板状物102在第一部分中有相对大的弹性和在第二部分中有相对小的弹性,以及在相对大的弹性部分中通过被扩展的凹腔125而变形。 In a second version, the plate 102 has a first portion in a relatively large and relatively small elastic spring in the second portion, and 125 is deformed by being extended in a cavity portion of relatively large elastic. 在第一、第二型式中,第一部分和第二部分可以被定位为横跨板状物102的长度和宽度。 The first and second versions, the first and second portions may be positioned across the length and width of the plate 102. 可选择地,第一部分和第二部分可以被定位沿着板状物102的厚度。 Alternatively, the first and second portions may be positioned along the thickness of the plate 102. 在第三型式中,板状物102 —般是均匀地有弹性。 In a third version, the plate 102-- generally uniformly elastic. 在第四型式中,板状物102包括智能材料或由智能材料制成,例如镍钛(Nickel Titanium)(通常被称作“镍钛诺”),其具有选择性的和/或可变的弹性。 In a fourth version, the plate 102 includes a smart material or a smart material, such as nickel titanium (Nickel Titanium) (commonly known as "nitinol"), having selective and / or variable elasticity. 如以上描述,板状物102优选为光学透明的,但是可以选择性地为半透明的。 As described above, the plate 102 is preferably optically transparent, but may alternatively be translucent. 除了透明性之外,板状物102优选地具有以下特性:高透射性、低雾度、宽视觉角度、耐划性、耐化学性、耐污性、抗碎片保留、易清洗、耐穿刺和渗透,和相对平滑(不发粘)的触摸。 In addition to the transparency, the plate 102 preferably has the following properties: a high transmittance, low haze, wide viewing angle, scratch resistance, chemical resistance, stain resistance, anti-debris retained, easy to clean, and puncture resistance infiltration, and a relatively smooth (non-tacky) to the touch. 因为优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100优选地被添加到电子装置10的屏幕上,板状物102也优选地具有在电子装置10的显示器之上的最小量的背反射(back reflectance)。 Because the preferred embodiment of the user interface enhancement system 100 preferably being added to the screen of the electronic device 10, the plate 102 also preferably has a back reflector 10 on the electronic device display of a minimum amount of (back reflectance). 板状物102也优选地提供在外界和/或日光条件下的最少或低的发眩光。 The plate 102 is also preferably provided at the outside and / or daylight conditions minimal or low glare. 板状物102还可以被粘附到电子装置10的显示器和/或触摸感应器上以减少从显示器发射的光线的反射和/或折射。 The plate 102 may also be adhered to the monitor and / or touch sensors of the electronic device 10 to reduce the reflection of light emitted from the display and / or refraction. 然而,可以使用板状物102的任何其他适合的布置。 However, the plate 102 may be used in any other suitable arrangement. 板状物102优选地由适合的弹性材料制成,包括聚合物和基于硅树脂和氨基甲酸乙酯弹性体如聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或室温硫化娃树脂(例如,Momentive室温硫化娃树脂615)。 The plate 102 is preferably made of a suitable elastic material comprises a polymer based on silicone and urethane elastomers such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or baby RTV resins (e.g., room temperature vulcanized by Momentive baby resin 615). 板状物102还可以包括涂层以提供如平滑性(例如,低摩擦系数),疏水性和疏油性,耐划性,和/或抗碎片保留的特性。 The plate 102 may further include a coating to provide such smoothness (e.g., low coefficient of friction), hydrophobic and oleophobic, scratch resistance, and / or characteristics of an anti-shatter. 板状物102还可以包括涂层以提供期望的光学特性,如抗反射和防眩。 The optical properties of the plate 102 may further include a coating to provide the desired, such as antireflective and antiglare. 涂层可以被应用在表面115上,但是可以选择性地被应用在板状物102的任何其他适合的表面上。 The coating may be applied on the surface 115, but may be selectively applied to any other suitable surface of the plate 102. 在其中板状物102包括有弹性的第一部分和相对无弹性的第二部分中的型式中,无弹性部分优选地由包括聚合物或玻璃的材料制成,例如,弹性体、基于硅树脂的有机聚合物如聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)、热固性塑料如聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA),和光固化耐溶性弹性体如全氟聚醚。 In which the plate 102 in the first portion and the second portion of relatively inelastic in the pattern includes elastic, inelastic portion is preferably made of a material comprising glass or a polymer, e.g., elastomeric, silicone-based organic polymers such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), thermosetting plastics such as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), solvent resistance and a photocurable elastomers such as perfluoropolyether. 然而,板状物102可以由任何适合的提供使凹腔125变形且限定凹腔125的表面115的材料制成。 However, the plate 102 allows cavity 125 to provide any suitable deformable material and surface 115 defines a cavity 125 formed.

[0066] 可以使用用于微流体阵列的公知技术来制造板状物102以建立一个或多个凹腔和/或微通道。 [0066] The known technique may be used to manufacture an array of microfluidic the plate 102 to establish one or more cavities and / or microchannels. 可以使用来自相同材料或来自不同的适合材料的多层构建板状物102,例如,板状物102可以包括限定表面115的一种材料的层部分110和第二材料的基层部分120 (如图4a和图4b所示)。 The plate 102 may be constructed using multiple layers from the same material or from different suitable materials, for example, the plate 102 may comprise one material layer defining the surface portion 110 and the base 115 of the second material portion 120 (FIG. Figure 4a and 4b). 如图4a所示,基层部分120优选地限定流体出口116,流体出口116允许流体在通道138和凹腔125之间流动以使表面的特定区113变形及解除变形。 As shown in FIG 4a, the base layer portion 120 preferably defines a fluid outlet 116, fluid outlet 116 to allow fluid flow between the channels 138 and the cavity 125 such that the specific surface area of ​​113 deformation and deformation is released. 流体出口116可以被形成到基层部分120中,例如,流体出口116可以是如图4b所示的被加工到通道138和凹腔125之间的基层中的一系列孔,或如图4a所示的在凹腔125和通道138之间的开口,但是可以选择性地为具有一定特性的材料,例如,基层部分120可以包括多孔材料,多孔材料包括一系列相互连接的凹腔,凹腔允许流体流动穿过基层部分120。 Fluid outlet 116 may be formed into the base layer portion 120, e.g., fluid outlet 116 may be seen in Figure 4b a series of holes is machined into the base layer between the channel 138 and the cavity 125, shown in Figure 4a, or the opening between the cavity 125 and the channel 138, but may alternatively be a material having certain characteristics, for example, the base layer portion 120 may comprise porous material, the porous material comprises a series of interconnected cavities, allows fluid cavity Base portion 120 flow through. 基层部分120可以限定任何适合数量的任何适合尺寸和形状的流体出口116。 Base portion 120 may define any fluid in any suitable size and shape suitable number of outlet 116. 基层部分120还可以包括限定了流体出口116的流体出口层(未示出),流体出口层与基层部分120分开并被布置在基层部分120和层部分110之间。 Base portion 120 may further comprise a fluid outlet defining an outlet layer (not shown) 116, a fluid outlet separated layer and the base portion 120 and 120 disposed between the base portion and the layer portion 110. 然而,可以使用流体出口116的任何其他适合的布置。 However, the fluid may be used any other suitable arrangement of the outlet 116. 如图4b所示,包括流体出口116的基层部分120(或流体出口层)的部分还可以起到为层部分110提供支撑的功能,以当力被施加在特定区113上时大体上防止层部分110被极大地按下而进入通道138。 4b, the fluid outlet 116 includes a base portion 120 (or fluid outlet layer) may function also provides support for the layer portion 110 functions, when a force is applied to the specific region while substantially preventing layer 113 portion 110 is greatly pressed into the channel 138. 然而,可以以任何其他适合的方式布置基层部分120并且基层部分120可以以任何其他适合的方式为层部分110提供支撑。 However, the base layer may be arranged in any other suitable manner the base layer portion 120 and support portion 120 may be provided as a layer portion 110 in any other suitable manner.

[0067] 层部分110优选地在至少部分地限定特定区113的尺寸和/或形状的连接点117处被连接到基层部分120 (或流体出口层)。 [0067] layer portion 110 is preferably at least partially defining a specific area size 113 and / or 117 at the connection point shaped portion 120 is connected to the base layer (or fluid outlet layer). 换句话说,连接点117起到限定表面的可变形的特定区113和其他部分的表面115之间的边界的功能,并且特定区113的尺寸大体上独立于凹腔124和/或通道138的尺寸。 In other words, the connection point 117 functions as a specific surface area defining a deformable functions 113 and the boundary surface 115 between the other portions, and size of the particular region 113 is substantially independent of the cavity 124 and / or channel 138 size. 连接点117可以是一系列限定边缘的连续点,但是可以选择性地为一系列非连续点。 Connection point 117 may be a continuous series of points defined edges, but may alternatively be a series of discontinuous points. 可以使用例如粘合剂、化学键结、表面活化、焊接或任何其他适合的连接材料和/或方法形成连接点117。 It may be used such as adhesives, chemical bonding, surface activation, welding or any other suitable connecting material and / or connection points 117 are formed. 用于形成连接点117的方法和材料优选地具有与层部分110和基层部分120相类似的光学特性,但是可以选择性地具有任何其他的光学特性。 Methods and materials used to form the connection point 117 preferably has a portion 120 similar to the optical characteristics and the base layer portion 110, but may alternatively have any other optical characteristics. 层部分110和基层部分120的非对应于表面的特定区113的其他部分还可以使用与连接点117类似或相同的材料及方法粘附。 Non-base layer 110 and portion 120 corresponds to the surface layer portion of the other part of the specific region 113 may also be used with adhesive materials and methods similar or the same connection point 117. 可选择地,层部分110和基层部分120可以在非对应于表面的特定区113的其他部分中不被连接。 Alternatively, layer part 110 and the base portion 120 may not be connected to other parts of the non-specific region corresponding to the surface 113. 然而,可以以任何其他适合的方式布置板状物102。 However, the plate 102 may be arranged in any other suitable manner.

[0068] 优选实施方式的流体容器127起到保持一定体积的流体112的功能并具有至少两种容量设置:缩进的容量设置(如图3a所示,关于包括凹腔125的流体容器127的变形)和扩展的容量设置(如图3b所示,关于包括凹腔125的流体容器127的变形)。 [0068] The preferred embodiment of the fluid container 127 functions as holding a volume of fluid 112 and having at least two capacity settings: The capacity of the indentation (shown in Figure 3a, on a fluid container 125 comprises a cavity 127 deformation) and extended capacity setting (shown in Figure 3b, the fluid container comprising a deformable on the recess 125 127). 流体112优选地为大体上不可压缩的流体,但是可以选择性地为可压缩的流体。 The fluid 112 is preferably a substantially incompressible fluid, but may be selectively compressible fluid. 流体112优选地为液体(如水、甘油、油或乙二醇),但是可以选择性地为气体(如空气、氮气或氩气)或使凹腔125扩展和使表面115变形的任何其他的物质(如凝胶或气凝胶)。 The fluid 112 is preferably a liquid (such as water, glycerol, ethylene glycol, or oil), but may alternatively be a gas (such as air, nitrogen or argon) or the recessed cavity 125 to expand and deform the surface 115 of any other substance (such as a gel or airgel). 在扩展的容量设置中,凹腔125使表面115的特定区113变形超过表面115的其他区的平面。 The capacity of the expansion, the cavity 125 of the specific surface area of ​​115 113 deformation beyond the surface plane of the other region 115. 当用于为移动电话的电子装置10时,凹腔125优选地具有2-10mm的直径。 When the electronic device 10 for a mobile phone, the cavity 125 preferably has a diameter of 2-10mm. 然而,当用于与这种或其他应用时,凹腔125可以具有任何适合的直径。 However, when used with this or other applications, the cavity 125 may have any suitable diameter.

[0069] 如图2所示,优选实施方式的连接组件220优选地起到将用户界面增强系统100安装到装置10的功能。 [0069] As shown in FIG 2, a preferred embodiment of connection assembly 220 preferably serves to enhance the user interface system 100 is mounted to the function of the apparatus 10. 连接组件220优选地维持用户界面增强系统100和装置10之间的相对位置,以使特定区113的位置大体上位于触摸感应显示器上的将提供触觉引导的区域之上、附近,或大体上邻近该区域。 Connection assembly 220 preferably maintains a user interface enhancements relative position between the apparatus 10 and system 100, so that the position of the specific area 113 is located substantially above the region will provide a tactile guide, near the touch-sensitive display, or substantially adjacent the region. 连接组件220优选地为半永久性的连接机构,诸如粘合剂,该半永久性的连接机构被放置在板状物102的将被放置成大体上与装置10的触摸感应显示器直接接触的表面上。 Connection assembly 220 is preferably semi-permanent connecting means, such as adhesives, semi-permanent connecting means which are placed in the plate 102 will generally be placed in direct contact with the surface touch-sensitive display device 10. 可选择地,在装置10的触摸感应显示器和板状物102之间可以存在间隙。 Alternatively, there may be a gap between the touch-sensitive display 102 and the plate 10 of the apparatus. 粘合剂可以是优选为透明的以允许用户界面增强系统100的透明度的双面带。 The binder may be preferably transparent to allow a user interface to enhance the transparency of the double-sided tape 100 system. 双面带可以沿着整个接触表面被放置,但是可以选择性地沿着接触表面的一部分。 Double-sided tape may be placed along the entire contact surface, but may alternatively be along the contact part of the surface. 双面带的示例包括3MVHB带和3M光学透明粘合剂(Optically Clear Adhesive,OCA)。 Examples of double-sided tape comprising a tape and 3MVHB 3M Optically Clear Adhesive (Optically Clear Adhesive, OCA). 可选择地,粘合剂可以是液体粘合剂,如优选为透明的环氧树脂。 Alternatively, the adhesive may be a liquid adhesive, such as epoxy resin is preferably transparent. 液体粘合剂的折射率相对于用户界面增强系统100的折射率和装置的折射率被优选地选择,以降低多层的能见度。 Refractive index of the liquid adhesive with respect to the refractive index and enhance the user interface apparatus 100 of the system are preferably selected in order to reduce the visibility of the multilayer. 然而,可以使用任何其他适合的粘合剂类型。 However, any other suitable type of adhesive. 粘合剂还可以被放置以围绕用户界面增强系统100的一部分和装置10的一部分两者。 The adhesive may also be placed to surround a portion of the enhanced user interface system 100 and both a portion of the apparatus 10. 连接组件220可以选择性地为相对非永久性的连接机构,如可以由用户驱动的夹具(clamp),如图5所示。 Assembly 220 may be selectively connected to a relatively non-permanent connection means may be driven by a user such as a clamp (CLAMP), as shown in FIG. 连接组件220的夹具变形可以是包住装置10的全部或大部分并将用户界面增强系统100放置在装置10的显示器之上的壳体,另外作用为用于装置10的保护部件和/或使用户界面增强系统100的组件(例如,本地动力源200)不被用户看到的结构,但是可以选择性地包住装置10的一小部分。 Deformation clamp assembly 220 may be connected to encase all or most of the device and the user interface 10 of the enhancement system 100 is placed over the display 10 of the apparatus housing, additionally acts as a protective member 10 of the apparatus and / or enhanced user interface components of system 100 (e.g., a local power source 200) is not seen in the structure of the user, but may be selectively enclose a small portion of the device 10. 连接组件可以选择性地为以上变形的组合,例如,板状物102可以半永久性地粘附至夹具,然后将夹具相对非永久性地连接至装置10。 Connection assembly for combination of the above may be selectively deformed, for example, the plate 102 can be semi-permanently adhered to the jig, and the relatively non-permanently connected to the clamp means 10. 然而,任何其他适合的连接系统类型、材料或方法可以用来将用户界面增强系统100半永久性地或相对非永久性地连接至装置10。 However, any other suitable type of connector systems, materials or methods may be used to enhance the user interface system 100 relatively non-permanently or semi-permanently connected to the device 10. 连接组件220优选地起到提供一个定位设置(例如,在将板状物102粘附至装置10的连接组件220的变形中)的功能,但是可以包括一个以上的定位设置,如图6a和图6b所示(例如,在连接组件220的非永久性变形中或永久性与非永久性变形的组合中)。 Preferably the connection assembly 220 functions to provide a position setting (e.g., in the deformation of the connection assembly 102 adhered to the plate 10 of the apparatus 220) function, but may comprise more than one targeting, as shown in FIG. 6a and FIG. FIG 6b (e.g., in a non-permanent deformation of the connection assembly 220 in combination with a non-permanent or permanent deformation in). 在此变形中,用户优选地设置需要的设置。 In this modification, the user is preferably provided the desired setting. 设置可以由用户选择或由装置10指示给用户来应用(例如,在包括具有风景模式和肖像模式的键盘特征的装置中,当存在风景模式和肖像模式之间的转换时,装置10可以指示用户转换定位设置)。 May be selected or set by the pointing device 10 to the user application (e.g., in a keyboard apparatus comprising features having a landscape mode and a portrait mode of, when there is a transition between the landscape and portrait modes, a user device may indicate that the user 10 conversion targeting). 可选择地,连接组件220可以包括有效的定位调节器,如伺服电机或线性驱动器或应用所选择的定位设置的任何其他适合的移动诱导部件。 Alternatively, the connector assembly 220 may include an effective positioning actuator, any other suitable moving means such as induction motor or linear servo drives or positioning of the selected application settings. 例如,在一种功能模式中,用户界面增强系统100可以被定向为一个相对于装置10的位置,并且在第二功能模式中,用户界面增强系统100可以被定向为相对于装置10的第二位置。 For example, in one functional mode, the user interface enhancement system 100 may be oriented in a position with respect to the apparatus 10, and in the second functional mode the user interface enhancement system 100 may be oriented relative to the second means 10 position. 然而,可以使用连接组件220的任何适合的布置。 However, any suitable connection assembly 220 is disposed.

[0070] 如以上描述,用户界面增强系统100优选为两个优选实施方式之一:在第一优选实施方式中转移装置130是电动的,在第二优选实施方式中转移装置130是手动提供动力的。 [0070] As described above, the user interface 100 is preferably enhanced system embodiment is one of two preferred embodiments: the electric transfer device 130 is in the first preferred embodiment, the transfer means 130 in the second preferred embodiment is powered manually of. 在两个优选实施方式中,转移装置130均起到影响流体容器127内部的流体112的体积以扩展和缩进流体容器127的至少一部分,因而使表面115的特定区113(和/或第二特定区113)变形的作用。 In two preferred embodiments, the transfer device 130 functions as both the internal volume of the fluid vessel 127 Effect 112 to the fluid expansion and retraction of the fluid vessel at least a portion 127, thereby making the specific surface area of ​​115 113 (and / or the second the specific role of the deformation zone 113). 当与移动手机装置10配合使用时,对于包括凹腔125的流体容器127的变形,转移装置130优选地将流体容器127内部的流体112的体积增加大约0.003-0.5ml以扩展凹腔125以使特定区113向外变形,但是可以选择性地使流体112的体积增加任何其他适合的量。 When used with a mobile phone 10 with means for deformation container 127 includes a fluid cavity 125, transfer means 130 preferably increasing the volume of the fluid inside the fluid container 127 0.003-0.5ml about 112 to extend so that the cavity 125 113 outwardly deform specific areas, but may selectively increase the volume of fluid 112 in any other suitable amount. 然而,当用于这种或其他的应用时,流体的体积可以增加(或可能减少)任何适合的量。 However, when used in this or other applications, the volume of fluid may be increased (or possibly decreased) by any suitable amount. 尽管表面115的特定区113的变形的原因已被描述为在流体容器127中的流体的体积的变化,但是能够将变形的原因描述为表面115下方的压力相对于表面115上方的压力的增加或减少。 Although certain region of a surface 115 of the modification causes 113 has been described as a change in volume of fluid in the fluid container 127, but can be the reason deformable described as a pressure below the surface 115 with respect to an increase in pressure above the surface 115 or cut back. 当用于移动手机装置10时,表面115下方的压力相对于表面115上方的压力的大约0.1-10.0psi的增加优选地足够使表面115的特定区113向外变形。 When a mobile phone apparatus 10, the pressure under the surface 115 is preferably increased relative to the pressure above the surface 115 is sufficient to provide about 0.1-10.0psi specific surface area of ​​115 113 deform outwardly. 然而,当用于这种或其他的应用时,压力的变化可以增加(或可能减少)任何适合的量。 However, when used in this or other applications, changes in pressure may be increased (or possibly decreased) by any suitable amount.

[0071] 1.第一优选实施方式:电动的 [0071] 1. First preferred embodiment: electric

[0072] 第一优选实施方式的转移装置130优选为电动的并且通过(1)改变在流体容器127中现有的流体的体积,或(2)将流体转移至流体容器127或从流体容器127转移流体来改变流体112的体积。 [0072] The transfer means 130 is preferably a first preferred embodiment of the electric and by (1) changes in the volume of the existing fluid in the fluid container 127, or (2) transferring fluid to the fluid container 127 or 127 from the fluid container transfer fluid to change the volume of the fluid 112. 然而,转移装置130可以通过任何适合的电动装置或方法影响流体112的体积。 However, the transfer device 130 may affect the volume of the fluid 112 by any suitable means or an electric method. 改变流体容器127 (或凹腔125和/或通道138)中现有流体的体积很可能具有更小的复杂性的优点,而将流体转移至流体容器127 (或凹腔125和/或通道138)或从流体容器127 (或凹腔125和/或通道138)转移流体很可能具有维持表面115的变形而不需要额外能量的优点(如果使用阀或其他的锁定机构)。 Varying the fluid container 127 (or cavities 125 and / or channel 138) in the volume of the existing fluid is likely to have the advantage of less complexity, and fluid is transferred to the fluid container 127 (or 125 cavities and / or passages 138 ) or transfer fluid from the reservoir 127 (or cavities 125 and / or 138 channels) are likely to have the advantage of maintaining a deformable surface 115 without the need for additional energy (if using a valve or other locking mechanism). 以下的实施例被描述为扩展包括凹腔125和通道138的流体容器127,但是流体容器127可以是凹腔125与通道138的任何其他适合的组合。 The following embodiments are described as expanded to include cavities 125 and channels 138 of the fluid container 127, the container 127 may be a fluid cavity 125 with any other suitable combination of channel 138.

[0073] 可以以若干方式实现改变凹腔125中的现有的流体。 [0073] may be implemented in several ways to change the existing fluid in the cavity 125. 在第一实施例中,如图7a和7b所示,流体可以是如气体的可扩展的流体,以及转移装置130可以包括用于加热可扩展的流体的加热部件,因而扩展凹腔125中的现有的流体的体积(例如,依据理想气体定律,PV = nRT)。 In a first embodiment, shown in Figures 7a and 7b, the fluid may be a gas such as expandable fluid, and a transfer device 130 may comprise a heating means for heating the expandable fluid and thereby expand the cavity 125 existing volume of fluid (e.g., based on the ideal gas law, PV = nRT). 可以被放置在凹腔125的内部或邻近凹腔125放置,或放置在流体容器127内部的任何其他适合的位置的加热部件优选为电阻加热器。 Or it may be placed inside the cavity 125 adjacent the cavity 125 is placed, a heating member or placed in any other suitable location inside the fluid vessel 127 is preferably a resistance heater. 电阻加热器还优选地考虑到图像的透过,但是可以选择性地被放置在不引起对图像透过的阻碍的位置中。 Resistive heater preferably also take into account the transmission image, but may optionally be placed without causing obstruction to transmission of image position. 例如,电阻加热器可以由如鞣料或镍铬合金的材料制成。 For example, a resistance heater may be made of a material such as tanned or nichrome. 在第二实施例中,流体可以包括可扩展的物质,如塑料的可扩展的微球体。 In the second embodiment, the fluid may comprise extensible materials, such as plastic expandable microspheres. 在第三实施例中,流体可以包括石蜡。 In the third embodiment, the fluid may include paraffin. 在第四实施例中,流体可以是随着施加的电流和/或电场或电压而增加体积的物质。 In the fourth embodiment, the fluid may be as current and / or electric field or applied voltage increases the volume of the material. 在第五实施例中,流体可以包括影响流体112的体积的颗粒,例如,当电流被施加到流体112上时起到影响流体112的体积的作用的可被电吸引或电排斥的颗粒,如充电的塑料微球体或玻璃微球体。 In the fifth embodiment, the fluid may affect the volume of the particles comprising fluid 112, e.g., when the functions affect the volume of fluid 112. When a current is applied to the fluid 112 may be electrically attract or repel particles electrically, such as charging a plastic microspheres or glass microspheres. 这些是五个实施例,但转移装置130可以是通过改变凹腔125中的现有的流体最终将凹腔125从缩进的容量设置扩展至扩展的容量设置的任何其他适合的装置10或方法。 These five embodiments are examples, but the transfer device 130 may be altered by conventional fluid cavity 125 in the cavity 125 of the final volume from a retracted extended to any other suitable setting means 10 is provided with scalable capacity or method .

[0074] 可以以若干方式实现将流体转移至凹腔125或从凹腔125转移流体。 [0074] may be implemented in several ways transferred to a fluid transfer or fluid cavity 125 from cavity 125. 在第一实施例中,如图8所示,转移装置130包括用于存放额外的流体的贮存器132和用于将流体从贮存器132转移至凹腔125的栗134。 In a first embodiment, shown in Figure 8, the transfer means 130 for storing additional fluid comprises a reservoir 132 for transferring fluid from the reservoir 132 to the cavity 125 chestnut 134. 贮存器132优选为刚硬的,但是可以选择性地为柔软的,例如,当流体112的体积减少时贮存器132可以是可折叠的以减少体积。 The reservoir 132 is preferably rigid, but may alternatively be a soft, e.g., while reducing the volume of the reservoir 132 of fluid 112 may be collapsible to reduce the volume. 贮存器132优选地远离凹腔125 (并通过通道138或任何适合的连接装置连接),但是可以选择性地被放置在邻近凹腔125处并直接连接至凹腔125。 Preferably, the reservoir 132 away from the cavity 125 (and connected by a passage 138, or any suitable connection means), but may alternatively be placed adjacent the cavity 125 and directly connected to the cavity 125. 通道138的一部分优选为微流体通道(具有在1微米至1000微米范围的横截面尺寸),但是根据用户界面增强系统100的尺寸和成本限制,通道138可以具有任何适合的尺寸。 Channel portion 138 is preferably microfluidic channel (having a cross-sectional dimension from 1 micron to 1000 microns), but the enhanced user interface according to the size and cost constraints of the system 100, the channel 138 may have any suitable size. 栗134优选为微型栗(如来自德国茨魏布吕肯(Zweibrucken)的ThinXXS Microtechnology AG 的栗#MDP2205 或来自德国多特蒙得的Bartels Mikrotechnik GmbH的栗#mp5)。 Li Li 134 is preferably a microcomputer (Bartels Mikrotechnik such as Li # MDP2205 ThinXXS from Germany Zweibrucken (of Zweibrucken) or from the Microtechnology AG Germany GmbH, Dortmund Li # mp5). 栗134可以选择性地为电渗流栗,但是可以是任何适合的装置以将流体从一个位置抽至另一个位置。 Li 134 may be selectively electrically Li flow, but may be any suitable means to draw fluid from one location to another. 栗134优选地被放置在距凹腔125的一定距离处,并优选地通过通道138连接至凹腔125。 Li 134 is preferably placed at a distance from the cavity 125 and is preferably connected to the cavity 125 through the passage 138. 为了将凹腔125从缩进的容量设置扩展至扩展的容量设置,栗134从贮存器132转移流体,穿过通道138,并进入凹腔125。 In order to cavity 125 from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting expansion, Li 134,132 transfer fluid from the reservoir, through passageway 138, and into the cavity 125. 为了将凹腔125从扩展的容量设置缩进至缩进的容量设置,栗134优选地“排气”或从凹腔125至贮存器132沿相反的方向栗送。 To extend the cavity 125 from the retracted volume setting to the retracted volume setting, preferably 134 Li "exhaust" or from the cavity 125 to the reservoir 132 in the opposite direction to send Li. 在第二实施例中,如图9所示,转移装置130包括用于存放额外的流体112的大体上类似或等同于在第一实施例中描述的贮存器的贮存器132、用于将流体从贮存器132转移至凹腔125的第一栗134、用于将流体从凹腔125转移至贮存器132的第二栗136、位于第一栗134和凹腔125之间的第一阀,以及位于凹腔125与第二栗136之间的第二阀。 In a second embodiment, shown in Figure 9, the transfer means 130 includes means for storing additional fluid 112 is substantially similar or identical to the reservoirs of the reservoir described in the first embodiment 132, for fluid transferred from the reservoir 132 to the cavity 125 of the first Li 134 for transferring fluid from the cavity 125 to the second reservoir Li 136 132 located between the first valve 134 and the first cavity 125 Li, and a second valve positioned between the second cavity 125 and 136 of chestnut. 为了将凹腔125从缩进的容量设置扩展至扩展的容量设置,第一阀打开,第二阀闭合,以及第一栗134从贮存器132转移流体,穿过通道138,并进入凹腔125。 In order to cavity 125 from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting extended, the first valve is opened, the second valve is closed, and the first transfer 134 132 Li fluid from the reservoir, through passageway 138, and into the cavity 125 . 为了将凹腔125从扩展的位置缩进至缩进的位置,第一阀关闭,第二阀打开,以及第二栗136从凹腔125转移流体,穿过通道138,并进入贮存器132。 In order to indent the cavity 125 from the extended position to the retracted position, the first valve is closed, the second valve is open, and a second fluid transfer from Li 136125 cavity, through the passage 138, and into the reservoir 132. 可选择地,第一栗134和第二栗136可以起到在没有阀的辅助下引导流体流动的功能。 Alternatively, the first and second Li Li 134 136 can function to direct fluid flow without the aid of the valve. 例如,第一栗134和第二栗136在关闭时可以防止流体流动。 For example, the first and second Li Li 134 136 in the closed fluid flow can be prevented. 因此,为了扩展凹腔125,第二栗136可以被关掉而第一栗134可以被打开,增加凹腔125内部的流体的体积。 Accordingly, in order to expand the cavity 125, the second 136 Li Li can be switched off and the first opening 134 may be, increase the volume of fluid inside the cavity 125. 为了缩进凹腔125,第二栗136可以被打开而第一栗134可以被关掉,减少凹腔125内部的流体的体积。 In order to indent the cavity 125, the second 136 may be opened Li Li 134 may first be turned off, reducing the volume of fluid inside the cavity 125. 在其他的方面中,第二实施例类似于以上的第一实施例。 In other aspects, the second embodiment is similar to the above first embodiment. 用户界面增强系统100可以省略第二栗136并简单地通过打开第二阀并允许凹腔125排出或“排泄”进入贮存器132(潜在地由板状物102恢复至非变形状态的弹性辅助)来将凹腔125从扩展的容量设置缩进至缩进的容量设置。 The user interface 100 may be omitted enhancement system 136 and a second LI 132 simply by opening the second valve cavity 125 and allows the discharge or "drain" to enter the reservoir (potentially return to a non-deformed state the plate spring 102 assist) to the cavity 125 from the extended volume setting to the retracted indent capacity settings. 在第三实施例中,如图10a和10b所示,转移装置130包括驱动器,如线性驱动器,其将流体转移进入和离开凹腔125。 In a third embodiment, illustrated in Figure 10a and 10b, transfer means 130 includes a driver, such as a linear actuator, which transfer fluid entering and exiting the cavity 125. 为了将凹腔125从缩进的容量设置扩展至扩展的容量设置,如图10a所示,线性驱动器将流体转移穿过通道138并进入凹腔125。 In order to cavity 125 from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting extended, as shown, the linear actuator fluid transfer through the channel and into the cavity 138 10a 125. 为了将凹腔125从扩展的容量设置缩进至缩进的容量设置,如图10b所示,线性驱动器将流体沿相反的方向从凹腔125吸引至贮存器132。 To extend the cavity 125 from the retracted volume setting to the retracted capacity settings, shown in Figure 10b, the linear actuator 125 suction the fluid from the cavity to the reservoir 132 in the opposite direction. 在其他的方面中,第三实施例类似于以上的第二实施例。 In other aspects, the third embodiment is similar to the above second embodiment. 在第四实施例中,转移装置130可以包括被增压的贮存器132和允许流体从所增压的贮存器132流动进入凹腔125的阀。 In the fourth embodiment, the transfer device 130 may comprise a pressurized reservoir into the valve 132 and allow fluid flow from the cavity 132 pressurized reservoir 125. 本第四实施例的转移装置130还优选地包括克服贮存器132内部的压力以将流体从凹腔125抽回至贮存器132以缩进凹腔125的栗134。 Transfer means 130 also preferably a fourth embodiment according to the present embodiment includes a pressure against the interior of the reservoir 132 to the fluid is withdrawn from the cavity 125 to the reservoir 132 to the cavity indent of Li 134,125. 在第五实施例中,转移装置130可以包括流体连接至凹腔125的可压缩贮存器和移动桨状物(paddle)以压缩和减压贮存器的电动机,使得将流体转移至凹腔125和转移来自凹腔125的流体。 In the fifth embodiment, the transfer device 130 may comprise a compressible fluid reservoir coupled to the cavity and move the paddle 125 (Paddle) and an electric motor to compress pressure reservoir, such that the fluid is transferred to cavity 125 and transfer of fluid from cavity 125. 可选择地,转移装置可以包括具有将流体转移至凹腔125和从凹腔125转移流体的柱塞的贮存器和移动柱塞的电动机。 Alternatively, the transfer means may comprise an electric motor is transferred to the fluid cavity 125 and transfer fluid from the reservoir cavity 125 of the plunger and movement of the plunger. 这些是五个实施例,但转移装置130可以是通过增加流体至凹腔125和从凹腔125移除流体来最终将凹腔125从缩进的容量设置扩展至扩展的容量设置的任何其他适合的装置10或方法。 These five embodiments are examples, but the transfer device 130 may be a recess 125 and remove fluid from the cavity 125 to eventually be retracted from the cavity 125 is expanded to expand the capacity provided by increasing the capacity provided to any other suitable fluid 10 apparatus or method.

[0075] 第一优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100优选地包括本地动力源200,如图2所示,本地动力源200给转移装置130提供动力,允许用户界面增强系统100操作为独立于装置10的单元。 [0075] The user interface of the first preferred embodiment of the enhanced system 100 preferably includes a local power source 200, shown in Figure 2, a local power source 200 provides power to the transfer means 130, 100 allows the user interface enhancement apparatus independent of the operating system unit 10. 本地动力源200优选为相当小的体积并优选为便携式的,如小型圆盘电池,允许本地电池200大体上隐藏在用户界面增强系统100的内部并允许用户界面增强系统100便携地且无线地运行。 Local power source 200 is preferably a relatively small volume and is preferably portable, compact disks such as a battery, the battery 200 allows the local user interface is substantially hidden within the enhancement system 100 and the user interface allows the enhancement system 100 and wirelessly operated portable . 本地动力源200还可以是可再充电的便携式电源类型,如锂离子电池,镍金属氢化物,或任何其他适合类型的可再充电电池类型。 Local power source 200 may also be a portable rechargeable power type, such as a lithium ion battery, a nickel metal hydride, or any other suitable type of rechargeable battery type. 可再充电的本地动力源200可以通过连接器210连接至装置10以使用来自装置10的功率再充电,但是可以选择性地被连接至墙上插座、USB动力源、感应充电器或任何其他适合的动力源以再充电。 The rechargeable local power source 200 may be connected by connector 210 to a recharging device 10 using power from the apparatus 10, but may be selectively connected to a wall outlet, USB power source, or any other suitable inductive charger a power source to recharge. 然而,本地动力源200可以是任何其他适合的类型。 However, the local power supply 200 may be any other suitable type. 可选择地,第二优选实施方式的用户界面系统100可以通过连接器210被电连接至装置10并且来自装置10的功率可以被用来给转移装置130提供动力。 Alternatively, the second preferred embodiment of the user interface system 100 through the connector 210 may be electrically connected to the apparatus 10 and the power from the apparatus 10 may be used to provide power to the transfer means 130. 类似地,由装置10提供的功率可以被用于用户界面增强系统100中的任何其他适合的目的。 Similarly, the power provided by the device 10 may be used to enhance any other suitable user interface objects in the system 100. 然而,第二优选实施方式的用户界面系统100的动力源可以是任何其他适合的电功率源。 However, the power source system of a second preferred embodiment of the user interface of the embodiment 100 may be any other suitable electrical power source.

[0076] 2.第二优选实施方式:手动提供动力的 [0076] 2. Second preferred embodiment: manual powered

[0077] 第二优选实施方式的转移装置130优选为手动提供动力的,这样可以允许用户界面增强系统100依靠相对简单的机构。 [0077] Preferably the transfer apparatus 130 of the second preferred embodiment is powered manually, so the user interface may allow the enhancement system 100 relies on a relatively simple mechanism. 对第二优选实施方式的转移装置130的驱动也优选地给转移装置130提供动力。 Driving the transfer means 130 of the second preferred embodiment is also preferably provide power to the transfer means 130. 可选择地,对转移装置130的驱动可以脱离于为转移装置130提供动力。 Alternatively, the drive transfer device 130 may be detached from the device 130 to provide power transfer. 例如,由用户提供给转移装置130的动力可以被存储,直到用户通过释放所存储的动力来驱动转移装置130。 For example, the power provided by the user to the transfer device 130 may be stored until the power stored by the user by releasing the transfer device 130 is driven. 在更加具体的实施例中,转移装置130可以包括储能器(未示出),以及由用户提供的动力可以被用来给储能器内部的流体增压。 In a more specific embodiment, the transfer device 130 may include an accumulator (not shown), and the power provided by the user it can be used to fluid-pressurizing the interior of the accumulator. 然后用户可以通过打开来自储能器的阀来驱动转移装置130,然后允许流体扩展凹腔125。 The user may then by opening a valve from the accumulator 130 to drive the transfer device, and allow fluid to expand the cavity 125. 用户可以将动力直接提供进入储能器;例如,储能器可以作为贮存器以包含一定体积的流体,以及用户提供力以增加储能器内部的压力。 The user may provide power directly into the accumulator; e.g., the accumulator can serve as a reservoir to contain a volume of fluid, and the user provides a force to increase the pressure inside the accumulator. 可选择地,用户可以提供动力以促使流体从贮存器进入增压储能器。 Alternatively, the user may provide power to cause the pressurized fluid enters the accumulator from the reservoir. 然而,可以使用储能器的任何其他适合的布置。 However, you can use the accumulator of any other suitable arrangement. 然而,可以使用对转移装置130提供动力和驱动的任何其他适合的布置。 However, any other suitable arrangement of the transfer device 130 to provide power and drive. 以下的实施例被描述为对转移装置130的驱动还给装置130提供动力,但是本领域的技术人员将理解,对以下实施例的转移装置130的驱动可以脱离于为转移装置130提供动力。 The following embodiments are described for the drive back to the transfer device 130 to power device 130, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the drive transfer device of Example 130 the following may be detached from the transfer device 130 to provide power.

[0078] 手动动力优选地由用户直接提供(例如,直接提供在用户界面增强系统100上)或间接提供(例如,通过装置间接提供到用户界面增强系统100),但是可以选择性地为任何其他适合的手动动力。 [0078] Preferably the manually powered directly by the user (e.g., user interface enhancements provided directly on the system 100) or indirectly (e.g., by means indirectly enhancement system 100 to a user interface), but may alternatively be any other suitable for manual power. 以下的实施例被描述为扩展包括凹腔125和通道138的流体容器127,但是流体容器127可以是凹腔125与通道138的任何其他适合的组合。 The following embodiments are described as expanded to include cavities 125 and channels 138 of the fluid container 127, the container 127 may be a fluid cavity 125 with any other suitable combination of channel 138.

[0079] 第二优选实施方式的转移装置130优选为若干变形之一。 [0079] Preferably the transfer apparatus 130 of the second preferred embodiment is one of several variations. 手动提供动力的转移装置130优选地包括包含一定体积的流体112并通过通道138流体连接至凹腔125的贮存器132,流体112优选地通过操纵贮存器132在贮存器132和凹腔125之间转移。 Manually powered transfer means 130 preferably includes a fluid containing a volume of 112 and is connected to the reservoir 132 cavity 125, the fluid is preferably between 112 by manipulating the reservoir 132 and the reservoir 132 in the cavity 125 through the fluid passage 138 transfer. 在第一变形中,贮存器132被压缩成将流体转移进入凹腔125。 In a first variant, the reservoir 132 is compressed to the fluid transferred into the cavity 125. 因为贮存器132被逐渐压缩,随着贮存器132的压缩,凹腔125的扩展量可以被调整到任何状态,这样可以提供特定区113的变形的相对高程度的个性化优点。 Because the reservoir 132 is gradually compressed as the compression reservoir 132, the amount of expansion cavity 125 may be adjusted to any state, which may provide a relatively high degree of deformation of the particular advantages of the personalization region 113. 可选择地,贮存器132可以被压缩成第一状态和第二状态,提供凹腔125的扩展的两种状态。 Alternatively, the reservoir 132 may be compressed to a first state and a second state, providing an extended cavity 125 of the two states. 在第一变形的实施例中,贮存器132作为用户可接近的按钮310,如图11a和图lib所示。 In the modified embodiment of the first embodiment, the reservoir 132 as the button 310 is accessible to the user, as shown in Figure 11a and lib. 当驱动时,按钮310被压缩以将流体移动进入凹腔125,类似于手压缩的空气栗。 When the drive button 310 is compressed to move into the fluid cavity 125, similar to the air compressed Li hand. 在第一变形的另一实施例中,转移装置130可以包括滑动器312,其作为桨状物“压挤”贮存器132以促使流体从贮存器132进入凹腔125,如图12a和图12b所示。 In another modification of the first embodiment, the transfer device 130 may include a slider 312, which acts as a paddle "squeeze" the reservoir 132 to cause fluid to enter the cavity 125 from the reservoir 132, as shown in FIGS. 12a and 12b Fig. 然而,可以使用任何其他类型的贮存器的任何其他适合的压缩。 However, any other type of reservoir any other suitable compression.

[0080] 在第二变形中,转移装置130可以包括被包含在贮存器132内部的柱塞314,其相对于流体被手动移动以将流体在贮存器132和凹腔125之间转移。 [0080] In the second modification, the transfer device 130 may be include a plunger 132 contained within the reservoir 314, which is manually moved with respect to the fluid to transfer fluid between the reservoir 132 and the cavity 125. 在第二变形的实施例中,柱塞314可以包括用户可接近的杠杆316,用户可以推动杠杆316以将流体112在贮存器132和凹腔125之间转移,如图13a和图13b所示。 In the modified embodiment of the second embodiment, the plunger 314 may include a user accessible lever 316, the user may push the lever 316 to the fluid 112 between the reservoir 132 and transfer cavities 125, as shown in FIGS. 13b and 13a . 类似于第一变形,这允许特定区113的变形的高程度的个性化。 Similar to the first modification, which allows a high degree of deformation of the particular region of 113 personalized. 然而,转移装置可以包括任何其他适合的允许用户产生抽力以将流体增加至凹腔125的可触摸部件。 However, the transfer means may comprise any other suitable user-generated suction force to allow the fluid to increase the cavity member 125 may touch.

[0081] 在第三变形中,转移装置130可以被连接至装置10的一部分以使装置的该部分的移动驱动转移装置130并给转移装置130提供动力,以将流体从贮存器132转移至凹腔125。 [0081] In the third modification, the transfer device 130 may be connected to the mobile part of the apparatus so that part of the driving device 10 the transfer means to the transfer means 130 and 130 provide power to transfer the fluid from the reservoir 132 to the recess cavity 125. 在装置10的正常使用期间用户可以提供力给装置的连接至转移装置130的该部分。 The user may provide power to the apparatus during normal use of the device 10 is connected to the transfer means section 130. 存在至少两个实施例:(1)当用户界面增强系统100被应用于具有翻盖和铰链的移动装置10时,由用户翻开盖子提供的动力被用来将流体抽进凹腔125,和(2)装置可以包括按钮,用户推动按钮打开装置10。 Example exist at least two embodiments: (1) when the user interface enhancement system 100 is applied to a mobile device with a flip and a hinge 10, to open the lid by the user is used to provide power to draw fluid into the cavity 125, and ( 2) The apparatus may include a button, the user pushes the button to open the device 10.

[0082] 在第三变形的第一实施例中,当用户界面增强系统100被应用于具有翻盖和铰链的移动装置10时,由用户翻开盖子提供的动力被用来将流体抽进凹腔125。 [0082] In a first modification of the third embodiment, when the user interface enhancement system 100 is applied to a mobile device having a flap and a hinge 10 provided by the user to open the lid of the power is used to draw fluid into the cavity 125. 贮存器132是通道贮存器322,以及转移装置130包括被包含在通道贮存器322内部的活塞320。 132 is a reservoir 322, the reservoir channel and a transfer means 130 includes a piston 320 contained in the internal passage 322 of the reservoir. 转移装置130优选地被包含在装置的铰链中。 Transfer means 130 preferably comprises a hinge device. 在活塞320上的第一组螺纹和在通道贮存器322上的第二组螺纹形成活塞320和通道贮存器322之间的连接。 The first set of threads and the second set of threads on the piston 320 in the channel connecting the reservoir 322 is formed between the piston 320 and the channel 322 reservoir. 装置10的翻盖的铰链可以被连接至通道贮存器322以使当翻盖被打开时,通道贮存器322也被旋转同时活塞320被锚定为防止旋转但允许沿着通道贮存器322平移(如图14所示)。 The hinge flap device 10 may be connected to the reservoir passage 322 so that when the flap is opened, the reservoir passage 322 is also rotated while the piston 320 is anchored to prevent rotation but allow translation along the passageway reservoir 322 (FIG. FIG 14). 随着通道贮存器322旋转,配合的螺纹导致活塞320在通道贮存器322的内部旋转,因此将流体抽进凹腔125。 As the reservoir passage 322 is rotated, with the rotation of the screw 320 causes the piston 322 inside the channel of the reservoir, thus drawing fluid into the cavity 125. 可选择地,装置10的翻盖的铰链可以被连接至活塞320以使当翻盖被打开时,由于配合的螺纹使活塞320旋转同时允许沿着通道贮存器322平移,因此将流体抽进凹腔125 (如图15所示)。 Alternatively, the hinge flap device 10 may be connected to piston 320 so that when the flap is opened, due to the threaded engagement of the piston 320 while permitting rotation of the reservoir 322 is translated along the channel, thus to draw fluid into the cavity 125 (shown in FIG. 15). 装置10的翻盖的铰链可以选择性地被连接至活塞320以使当翻盖被打开时,活塞320旋转但沿着旋转轴纵向保持静止,导致通道贮存器322相对于活塞320移动并将流体抽进凹腔125。 The hinge flap apparatus 10 can be selectively connected to the piston 320 so that when the flap is opened, but the piston 320 rotates the longitudinal direction along the rotating shaft is held stationary, the channel leading to the reservoir 322 to the piston 320 and move the fluid pumped into cavity 125.

[0083] 转移装置130可以选择性地被连接至装置的翻盖。 [0083] The transfer device 130 may be selectively connected to the flip device. 活塞320和通道贮存器322,起到相对于彼此滑动的作用。 The reservoir piston 320 and the channel 322, functions with respect to the mutual sliding action. 活塞320可以被连接至翻盖同时通道贮存器322被连接至装置的其他部分。 Piston 320 may be connected to the reservoir and the channel-flip 322 is connected to other parts of the device. 当翻盖被打开时,活塞在通道贮存器322的内部平移,以及流体被抽至凹腔125 (如图16所示)。 When the flip is opened, the piston translates inside the reservoir passage 322, and fluid is drawn into the cavity 125 (FIG. 16). 可选择地,当翻盖被打开时,通道贮存器322可以相对于活塞平移。 Alternatively, when the flip is opened, the reservoir channel 322 may translate relative to the piston. 然而,可以使用适于将流体抽至凹腔125的栗和通道贮存器322的任何其他的定向。 However, any other orientation Li reservoir and the channel 322 is adapted to draw fluid into the cavity 125.

[0084] 第一实施例的另一型式大体上类似于第二优选实施方式的第一变形,其中转移装置130包括被压缩成将流体112转移进入凹腔125的贮存器132。 Another type of [0084] the first embodiment is substantially similar to the first modification of the second preferred embodiment, wherein the transfer means 130 comprises a compressed fluid to the reservoir 112 enters the transfer cavity 125 of 132. 贮存器132优选为被连接至装置的翻盖的柔软凹腔318,其中翻盖的打开起到压挤或扭转柔软凹腔318的作用(如图17a、17b、18a和18b所示)以将流体抽至凹腔125。 The reservoir 132 is preferably connected to the clamshell device is a soft cavity 318, which functions to open the flip or pressing a soft twist action cavity 318 (FIG. 17a, 17b, 18a and 18b as shown) to draw fluid 125 to the cavity. 然而,可以使用适于利用来自翻开装置10的翻盖的能量的任何其他的装置10或方法。 However, any other method or apparatus 10 is adapted to utilize the energy from flip open the device 10.

[0085] 在第三变形的第二实施例中,装置10可以包括覆盖装置的一部分且可被移动以暴露装置的该部分的滑动器,例如,隐藏移动手机的键盘以及被滑动以暴露键盘的滑动器,或保护照相机的镜头且被滑动以暴露镜头和/或打开装置10的滑动器。 [0085] In the third modification of the second embodiment, the apparatus 10 may comprise a portion of the covering device and the device may be moved to expose a portion of the slider, for example, a mobile phone's keypad and hide is slid to expose the keyboard slider, or protecting the camera lens and is slid to expose the lens and / or the opening means 10 of the slider. 滑动运动可以被用来驱动转移装置130和/或给转移装置130提供动力。 Sliding motion may be used to drive the transfer device 130 and / or 130 to provide power to the transfer means. 例如,装置10的滑动器可以被连接至第二优选实施方式的第一变形和第二变形的滑动器312或杠杆316,以及装置10的滑动器的运动可以驱动滑动器312或杠杆316以压缩贮存器132来扩展凹腔125。 Motion example, slider device 10 may be connected to the second preferred embodiment and the modified embodiment of the second modification of the first slider 312 or the lever 316, and slider device 10 can drive the slider 312 or the lever 316 to compress reservoir 132 to expand the cavity 125.

[0086] 在第三变形的第三实施例中,装置10可以包括按钮,例如,用户推动以打开装置10的按钮。 [0086] In a third modification of the third embodiment, the apparatus 10 may include a button, for example, the user pushes the button 10 to open the device. 用于打开装置10的推力可以被耦合至转移装置130并用于将流体抽至凹腔125。 Thrust means for opening 10 may be coupled to the transfer means 130 and is used to draw fluid into the cavity 125. 本实施例的转移装置130可以是类似于在如以上描述的第二优选实施方式的第一变形的第一实施例中描述的按钮310的按钮,其中按钮被连接至装置10的按钮并与装置10的按钮同时被驱动。 Transfer apparatus according to the present embodiment may be similar to button 130 button 310 described in the first embodiment of the first modification of the second preferred embodiment as described above, wherein the button is coupled to the button device 10 and the apparatus button 10 are simultaneously driven. 然而,利用在装置10的正常操作中由用户提供的动力以及将该动力转移以驱动凹腔125的扩展的任何其他适合的装置或方法可被使用。 However, in normal operation by the power means 10 and provided by the user to the power transfer means or any other suitable method of expanded drive cavity 125 may be used.

[0087] 在第四变形中,凹腔125可以被偏置成缩进状态或扩展状态。 [0087] In a fourth modification, the cavity 125 may be biased to a retracted state or extended state. 例如,凹腔125可以被偏置成扩展状态,直到用户执行将凹腔125切换成缩进状态的动作。 For example, the cavity 125 may be biased to the expanded state until the user performs an action to the cavity 125 is switched to the retracted state. 可以使用类似于或等同于那些在第二优选实施方式的第一变形的第一实施例和第二实施例中所描述的用于驱动凹腔125的扩展状态的方法及系统来实现缩进状态的驱动。 You may use similar or equivalent to those in the first modification of the method and system of the first embodiment and the second embodiment of the second preferred embodiment described in the cavity for the extended state of the drive 125 to achieve retracted state drive. 在第一实施例中,以上描述的第一变形的第一实施例的按钮310可以被偏置以扩展凹腔125。 In the first embodiment, the button a first modification of the first embodiment described above in Example 310 may be biased to expand the cavity 125. 本实施例的按钮310可以包括杠杆臂,当推动杠杆臂时,杠杆臂起到抵消按钮310的偏置的作用。 Button 310 of the present embodiment may include a lever arm, pushing the lever arm when the lever arm acts to bias cancel button 310. 杠杆臂优选地与翻盖接触,以使当翻盖被恢复至闭合状态时,保持闭合的翻盖的偏置被用来推挤杠杆臂,因此抵消按钮310的偏置并将凹腔125恢复至缩进状态。 Preferably the lever arm is in contact with the flap, such that when the flap is restored to the closed state, to maintain the closure flap is used to bias the lever arm is pushed, thereby canceling the offset and the cavity 125 of the button 310 to return to retracted status. 在第二实施例中,可以通过弹簧将上述的第三变形的活塞320和通道贮存器322偏置成维持凹腔125的扩展模式。 In the second embodiment, by the above-described third modification of the spring of the reservoir piston 320 and the channel 322 is maintained biased into cavity 125 of the extension mode. 当用户闭合装置10的翻盖时,活塞320在通道贮存器322的内部平移以克服弹簧的偏置力以及缩进凹腔125。 When the user closes the flap 10 means translation channel piston 320 within the reservoir 322 to overcome the biasing force of the spring cavity 125 and indent. 本变形可以选择性地被描述为用户输入能量进入能量存储机构,以用于将来驱动凹腔125的扩展。 This modification may optionally be described as a user input energy into the energy storage mechanism, the drive for future expansion cavity 125. 例如,用户可以压缩压缩弹簧、伸展拉簧,或弯曲扭簧,然后选择以使用所存储的能量来驱动凹腔125的扩展。 For example, a user may compress a compression spring, a tension spring stretched, torsion or bending, and then choose to use the stored energy to drive the expansion cavity 125. 在包括第二凹腔125b的变形中,用户优选地选择凹腔125或第二凹腔125b以利用所存储的能量来扩展。 In the modification comprises the second cavity 125b, the user preferably selects the cavity 125 or second cavity 125b to using the stored energy to expand. 例如,存贮器可以通过包括阀的Y接头来流体连接凹腔125和第二凹腔125b两者。 For example, memory 125 may be connected to the cavity and a second cavity 125b both of fluid through the valve comprises a Y connector. 阀可以包括将流体引导至凹腔125和第二凹腔125b的其中之一(或两者)的机械开关。 Valve may comprise a fluid to one of the cavity 125 and the second cavity 125b which (or both) of a mechanical switch. 用户可以驱动此开关以扩展所需要的凹腔(或多个凹腔)。 The user can switch the drive to extend the cavity (or cavities) are required. 用户界面增强系统100还优选地包括能量存储辅助器,能量存储辅助器允许用户更加容易地将能量存储于能量存储机构中。 Enhanced user interface system 100 also preferably includes an energy storage aid, auxiliary energy storage allows the user to more easily store energy in the energy storage mechanism. 辅助器优选地向用户提供机械杠杆机构(例如,杠杆),但是可以选择性地为任何其他适合的类型。 Preferably providing mechanical auxiliary lever mechanism (e.g., a lever), but may alternatively be any other suitable type of user. 然而,可以使用适于将凹腔125偏置成扩展状态直到接收来自用户的动力输入的任何其他适合的系统或方法。 However, the cavity 125 is adapted to use the offset into any other system or method suitable expanded state until receiving a power input from a user.

[0088] 在其中用户界面增强系统100包括第二凹腔125b的变形中,第二凹腔125b可以独立于凹腔125而被扩展。 [0088] in which the enhancement system 100 includes a user interface modification 125b of the second cavity, the second cavity 125b may be separate from the cavity 125 is expanded. 可选择地,凹腔125和125b可以被同时扩展。 Alternatively, the cavity 125 and 125b may be expanded simultaneously. 然而,可以使用任何其他适合的凹腔扩展组合。 However, any other suitable expansion of the combination of the cavity. 在第二优选实施方式的第一变形的第一实施例中,用户界面增强系统100可以包括第二按钮310,第二按钮310作为第二转移装置130以将流体移动进入第二凹腔125b。 In the first modification of the first embodiment of the second preferred embodiment, the user interface 100 may include a second enhancement system button 310, second button 310 as a second transfer means 130 to move fluid into the second cavity 125b. 在其中转移装置130包括驱动桨状物以“压挤”贮存器132的滑动器312的第一变形的第二实施例中,转移装置130可以包括第二贮存器132,以及滑动器312可以沿一个方向被移动以“压挤”第一贮存器132以扩展凹腔125,以及然后滑动器312可以沿第二方向被移动以“压挤”第二贮存器132以扩展第二凹腔125b。 Wherein the transfer device 130 includes a drive paddle to "squeeze" the first modification of the second embodiment of the slider 132 of the reservoir 312, a second transfer means 130 may include a reservoir 132, and the slide 312 can be moved direction is moved to a "squeeze" of the first reservoir 132 to expand the cavity 125, and then the slider 312 may be moved to "squeeze" the second direction of the second reservoir 132 to expand the second cavity 125b. 转移装置130可以选择性地包括第二滑动器312以压挤第二贮存器132以驱动第二凹腔125b的扩展。 Transfer means 130 may optionally include a second slider 312 to compress the second reservoir 132 to drive the extension of the second cavity 125b. 在包括具有杠杆的活塞的第二优选实施方式的第二变形中,杠杆可以被移动至一侧以驱动凹腔125的扩展和被移动至另一侧以驱动第二凹腔125b的扩展,类似于在图10a和图10b中示出的系统和方法。 In a second modification of the second preferred embodiment includes a piston having a lever, the lever may be moved to one side in the extended drive cavity 125 and moved to the other side to drive the second cavity 125b of expansion, similar to the to a system and method illustrated in FIGS. 10a and 10b. 转移装置130可以选择性地包括第二贮存器和被包含在第二贮存器内且具有第二杠杆的第二活塞,以驱动第二凹腔125b的扩展。 Transfer means 130 may optionally include a second reservoir and a second piston is contained within the second reservoir and having a second lever, to drive the extension of the second cavity 125b. 在其中转移装置130可以被连接至装置10的一部分的第三变形中,通道贮存器322可以包括第二组螺纹,第二组螺纹导致活塞320沿第二方向相对于通道贮存器322平移以将流体抽至第二凹腔125b。 Wherein the transfer device 130 may be connected to a third modification of part of the apparatus 10, the reservoir 322 may comprise a channel second set of threads, resulting in a second set of threads of the piston 320 in a second direction relative to the channel 322 is translated to the reservoir pumping fluid into the second cavity 125b. 可选择地,转移装置130可以包括起到将流体抽至第二凹腔125b的作用的第二通道贮存器322和第二活塞320。 Alternatively, the transfer device 130 may include functions to draw fluid to the action of the second cavity 125b of the second reservoir passage 322 and second piston 320. 在第三变形中,用户界面增强系统100优选地包括选择器,选择器允许用户选择凹腔125和凹腔125b的其中之一或两者。 In the third modification, the enhanced user interface system 100 preferably includes one or both of the selector, the selector 125 allows the user to select the cavity and the cavity 125b. 选择器可以是起到将所需要的通道贮存器322或活塞320耦合至翻盖的旋转运动的作用的临时耦合器,但是可以选择性地为任何其他适合的选择器系统或方法。 The selector may play the role of a temporary coupling to the rotational movement of the flap desired channel coupling the reservoir piston 320 or 322, but may alternatively be any other suitable system or method selected. 选择器优选地优先于用于驱动凹腔125的扩展的动作而被用户接近。 Is preferably selected in preference to an operation for driving the expansion cavity 125 is closer to the user. 例如,在其中打开翻盖中所使用的力被用来驱动凹腔125的扩展(或缩进)的实施例中,用户优选地能够优先于打开翻盖来选择他们希望扩展的凹腔(例如,通过在装置10的外部上的选择器按钮)以使在翻盖的打开之时扩展正确的凹腔。 For example, where the force to open the flap used in the embodiment is used to drive the expansion cavity 125 (or indentation), the user is preferably able to be selected in preference to opening the flip they want to expand the cavity (e.g., by selector button 10 on the exterior of the device) so that the correct expansion cavity when opening the flip. 这允许一旦装置10被打开和使用,用户便具有直接的触觉引导。 This allows the device 10 is once opened and used, the user will have a direct tactile guide. 可选择地,在装置10已被打开和使用之后,用户可以选择凹腔。 Alternatively, after the device 10 has been opened and used, the user can select the cavity. 在本变形中,其中一个凹腔已被扩展,以及选择器起到将扩展转接至另一凹腔或两个凹腔的功能。 In this variant, a cavity which has been expanded, and a selector functions to transfer to another extension, or two cavities cavity functions. 在其中铰链被连接至活塞320的变形中,选择器可以起到允许用户沿第二方向平移活塞320以扩展第二凹腔125b的功能。 In which the hinge is connected to the piston 320 of the modification, the selector may allow the user to play translates the piston 320 in a second direction to expand the function of the second cavity 125b. 选择器还可以允许在此提及的两种变形的组合。 The selector may also allow modification of the combination of the two mentioned herein. 选择器还可以选择性地被用来调整凹腔125的扩展水平。 The selector may selectively also be used to adjust the level of the cavity 125 is expanded. 然而,任何其他适合的系统或方法可以被用于第二凹腔125b的扩展。 However, any other suitable systems or methods may be used to extend the second cavity 125b.

[0089] 在第二优选实施方式的第一、第二和第三变形中,一旦凹腔125被扩展,凹腔125优选地保持在扩展状态中而没有由用户提供的进一步的力。 [0089] In the first, second, and third modification of the second preferred embodiment, the cavity 125 is once expanded, the cavity 125 is preferably held in the expanded state and no further force is provided by the user. 由于可以推挤凹腔125的臂以扩展凹腔125所必要的力,流体可以被自然地偏置成向后流动并允许凹腔125恢复至缩进状态。 Since pushing arm 125 of the cavity 125 to expand the force necessary cavity, fluid may be naturally biased to flow rearwardly and to allow the cavity 125 to return to retracted state. 在第一变形的第一实施例中,按钮310可以包括锁定机构315以将按钮310锁定成驱动状态以防止流体退缩至按钮310并离开凹腔125,如图19和图20所示。 In the first modification of the first embodiment, the button 310 may include a locking mechanism 315 to lock button 310 to be driven back to the state of the button to prevent fluid from leaving the cavity 310 and 125, 19 and 20. 为了将凹腔125恢复至缩进状态,用户优选地解开锁定机构315。 In order to recover the cavity 125 to the retracted state, the user 315 preferably unlocking mechanism. 在其中按钮310是推动式按钮(pushbutton)的变形中,锁定机构315可以包括与按钮310的顶部接合的滑动翼片(tab)317以保持按钮310处于驱动状态,如图19a和图19b所示。 310 is a modification in which the push buttons (With Pushbutton) button, the locking mechanism 315 may comprise a sliding flap (tab) 317 to maintain the button 310 is in engagement with the driving state of the top button 310, as shown in FIGS. 19a and 19b shown in FIG. . 在包括滑动器312的变形中,锁定机构315可以是在凹腔125被扩展时与滑动器接合的接合器317,如图20a和图20b所示。 In the modification includes a slider 312, the locking mechanism 315 may be a cavity 125 is expanded when the slider 317 engages the engagement, 20a and 20b shown in FIG. 接合器317可以是与在滑动器中的孔或突出部分接合的钩状物、与滑动器接合的钉子,或与滑动器接合的夹具,或任何其他适合的接合几何结构的类型。 The adapter 317 may be engaged with the slider hole or hook projecting portion, the slider engaging nails, or the sliding engagement of the clamp, or any other suitable type of engagement geometry. 接合器317还可以包括弹簧以帮助滑动器的接合。 The adapter 317 may further include a spring to help engage the slider. 然而,锁定机构315可以是任何其他适合的方法或系统。 However, the locking mechanism 315 may be any other suitable method or system. 在第二型式中,因为具有翻盖的装置一般具有如扭转弹簧的偏置弹簧以保持翻盖处于打开位置,用户界面增强系统100优选地利用这种偏置力以维持凹腔125的扩展状态。 In a second version, because the device has a flap generally have a biasing spring such as a torsion spring to maintain the flap in an open position, to enhance the user interface system 100 is preferably utilized to maintain such a biasing force to the cavity 125 is expanded state. 然而,可以使用适于维持凹腔125的扩展状态而没有来自用户的进一步动力输入的任何其他的系统或方法。 However, the expanded state may be used suitable to maintain the cavity 125 without any other power systems or further input from the user.

[0090] 3.对凹腔的扩展的驱动 [0090] 3. The extension of the cavity of the drive

[0091] 两个优选实施方式的转移装置130均可以由装置驱动,但是可以选择性地由用户驱动。 [0091] The transfer means of two preferred embodiments can be driven by the device 130, but may be selectively driven by the user. 在其中转移装置130由装置驱动的变形中,用户界面增强系统100起到与装置10进行通信的功能,以及装置10起到驱动凹腔125的扩展的功能。 In the modification wherein the means for driving the transfer device 130, the user interface system 100 functions to enhance the function of communicating with the device 10, and means 10 functions as an expanded drive cavity 125 functions. 在本优选实施方式中,无论何时装置10确定触觉引导将要被提供给用户,装置10都会驱动凹腔125的扩展。 In the present preferred embodiment, whenever the tactile guide means 10 determines to be provided to the user, the cavities 10 are extended drive apparatus 125. 当用户输入需要触觉引导的装置10时,装置10可以选择性地驱动凹腔125的扩展。 When 10, the apparatus 10 may selectively drive the user to enter the cavity means tactile guide 125 is extended. 装置10还优选地确定凹腔125将要被扩展的持续时间,凹腔125的扩展速率、凹腔125的扩展水平,和/或凹腔125的扩展的可能影响提供给用户的触觉引导的任何其他特性可以由装置10控制。 Apparatus 10 also preferably determine the duration of the recess 125 to be expanded, the growth rate of the cavity 125, the extended horizontal cavity 125, and may affect / or cavity 125 extended any other user tactile guidance characteristic may be controlled by means 10. 在其中用户界面增强系统100包括第二凹腔125b的变形中,装置10还可以起到选择性地驱动凹腔125和第二凹腔125b的其中之一或两者的扩展的功能。 In the enhancement system 100 wherein the user interface includes a modification of the second cavity 125b, the apparatus 10 may also function to selectively drive the cavity 125 and the second cavity 125b, wherein one or both of the extended functions. 对于将要被扩展的凹腔的选择可以依赖于触觉引导是否要在相应的特定区113的位置提供给用户。 The choice is to be extended cavity may depend on whether to provide haptic guidance to the user in a position corresponding to a particular region 113. 然而,可以使用适于确定对凹腔125和/或第二凹腔125b的扩展的驱动的任何其他因素。 However, the extension may be used to determine the adapted 125 and / or the second cavity 125b of the cavity of any other factors that drive.

[0092] 如图2所示,其中装置10驱动凹腔125的扩展的变形优选地包括作为在装置10和用户界面增强系统100之间的通信总线的数据链路205。 [0092] 2, wherein the extended cavity driving device 10 preferably comprises a modification 125 as a communication bus between the apparatus 10 and the user interface 100 enhancement system 205 data link. 数据链路205可以包括导线,导线通过连接器210或任何其他适合的线连接接入装置10的I/O端口,但是可以选择性地包括使用协议如蓝牙(Bluetooth)、ZigBee、WiFi或任何其他适合的无线协议与装置10建立无线连接的无线发射机和/或接收机。 Data link 205 may include a wire, a wire through I / O port connector 210 or any other suitable access device connected to the line 10, but may optionally include the use of protocols such as Bluetooth (Bluetooth), ZigBee, WiFi or any other suitable wireless protocol device 10 establishes a wireless connection to a wireless transmitter and / or receiver. 然而,数据链路205可以是允许用户界面增强系统100与装置10进行通信以在期望的时间导致对凹腔125的扩展或缩进的驱动的任何其他适合的类型。 However, the data link 205 may be enhanced to allow the user interface system 100 communicates with the device 10 to cause any other suitable type of expansion cavities or indents 125 is driven at a desired time. 用户界面增强系统100还可以包括处理器(未示出),处理器与装置10进行通信并将从装置10接收的指令传送至转移装置130以扩展凹腔125。 The user interface may further enhancement system 100 includes a processor (not shown), the processor 10 communicates with the device and transfer the received instruction means 10 to the transfer device 130 from cavity 125 to expand. 用户界面增强系统100还可以将指示凹腔125的状态的数据、本地动力源200中剩余的功率,和/或适于指示用户界面增强系统100的状态的任何其他的数据传送至装置10。 The user interface may further enhancement system 100 indicative of the data state of the cavity 125, the local power remaining in the power source 200, and / or enhanced user interface is adapted to indicate any other system state data 100 is transmitted to the device 10. 然而,可以使用在用户界面增强系统100和装置10之间的任何其他适合的通信布置。 However, it may be used in any other suitable communication arrangement between the apparatus 100 and the system 10 user interface enhancements. 在第一优选实施方式中,数据链路205还可以起到允许来自装置10的功率转移至用户界面增强系统100的功能。 In a first preferred embodiment, the data link 205 may also function to allow the power transfer means from the user interface enhancements 100 system 10.

[0093] 可选择地,用户可以驱动转移装置130。 [0093] Alternatively, the user can drive the transfer device 130. 通过允许用户驱动凹腔125的扩展,由于对于用户界面增强系统100的操作而言在用户界面增强系统100和装置10之间的通信是不需要的,所以数据链路205与其中装置10驱动转移装置130的变形相比是不必要的。 By allowing the user to drive the extended cavity 125, due to the enhanced user interface for the operating system 100 in terms of enhanced communication between the system 100 and user interface device 10 is not required, the data link 10 drives the transfer means 205 and wherein deformation means 130 is not necessary in comparison. 因为来自不同的制造商的电子装置一般具有不同的通信标准,所以根据添加用户界面增强系统100来消除与装置10进行通信的需要可以允许第二优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100可利用相当少的开发时间应用于更广泛的电子装置。 Because of the electronic devices from different manufacturers generally have different communication standards, so added as to enhance user interface system 100 to eliminate the need for a communication device 10 may allow a second preferred embodiment of a user interface enhancement system 100 may utilize a relatively small the development time is applied to a wider range of electronic devices. 总之,为了使用户界面增强系统100的用户驱动的变形适应于不同的电子装置,可以做出在凹腔125的布置、凹腔125的几何形状、用户界面增强系统100的总体尺寸以及凹腔125和125b的数量上的相对简单的改变。 In short, in order to enhance the user interface a user modification of the drive system 100 is adapted to different electronic devices may be made in the arrangement of the cavity 125, the geometry of the cavity 125, the overall size of the system to enhance the user interface 100 and a cavity 125 and relatively simple changes in the number and 125b.

[0094]由于第二优选实施方式的手动提供动力的特征,第二优选实施方式的转移装置130优选地由用户驱动。 [0094] Since the second preferred embodiment of the manually powered features, transfer means 130 of the second preferred embodiment is preferably driven by the user. 第一优选实施方式的转移装置130也可以由用户驱动。 Transfer means 130 according to the first preferred embodiment may be driven by a user. 例如,第一优选实施方式的用户界面增强系统100可以包括起到允许用户激活凹腔125的扩展的功能的按钮(或开关)。 For example, the user interface of the first preferred embodiment of the enhancement system 100 may include a play button allows the user to activate the cavity 125 of the extended functions (or switches). 按钮可以是起到用信号通知转移装置130扩展凹腔125和/或缩进凹腔125的功能的两种状态的按钮,但是可以选择性地为起到允许用户选择凹腔125的扩展水平的功能的具有多于两种状态的按钮。 Button may be signaled play buttons and / indent feature 125 of the cavity 130 extend two states or cavity transfer device 125, but may be selectively allow the user to select functions for the extended horizontal recess 125 function buttons having more than two states. 按钮的驱动可以用信号通知转移装置130扩展凹腔125,直到接收对按钮的第二次驱动,其中按钮的第二次驱动用信号通知转移装置130缩进凹腔125。 The drive button may signal transfer means 130 extended cavity 125 until it receives a second driving push button, wherein actuation of the button of the second transfer means 130 signals the cavity 125 retracted. 可选择地,按钮的驱动可以导致凹腔125的扩展直到按钮被释放或恢复至初始状态(例如,保持在一个位置上直到用户将滑动器移动进入第二位置的滑动器按钮)。 Driving Alternatively, the buttons may result in extended cavity 125 until the button is released or returned to the initial state (e.g., at a holding position until the user slides the slider button is moved into the second position). 对凹腔125的扩展的驱动可以选择性地为任何其他适合的顺序。 Driving extended cavity 125 may optionally be any other suitable order. 在其中用户界面增强系统100包括第二凹腔125b的变形中,按钮还可以起到用信号通知转移装置130扩展第二凹腔125b的功能。 In the enhancement system 100 wherein the user interface includes a modification of the second cavity 125b, the button 130 may also function as extension of the second cavity 125b of the transfer function of signaling means. 例如,按钮可以是具有用信号通知无扩展的第一滑动器位置、用信号通知凹腔125的扩展的第二位置、用信号通知第二凹腔125b的扩展的第三位置,和/或用信号通知凹腔125和凹腔125b两者的扩展的第四位置的滑动器。 For example, a button may be a non-spread signal the first slider position, signaled recess 125 of the second extended position, signaled by the second cavity 125b of the third extended position, and / or with signaling cavity 125 and extended both the fourth position of the slider cavity 125b. 滑动器可以选择性地包括用信号通知无扩展的第一滑动器、用信号通知凹腔125的第一种程度的扩展的第二位置,以及用信号通知凹腔125的第二种程度的扩展的第三位置。 The slider may optionally include non-extended signaled first slider, a second position notification signal a first cavity 125 of the expansion degree, and a second level signal the extended recess 125 the third position. 本变形的滑动器可以被用来指示用于转移装置130的扩展的程度范围。 The slider according to the present modification can be used to indicate transfer means for expanding the range of 130 degree. 可选择地,用户界面增强系统100可以包括起到用信号通知转移装置130扩展第二凹腔125b的功能的第二按钮。 Alternatively, the user interface functions include enhancement system 100 may signal the transfer device of the second button 130 of the second cavity 125b of the extended function. 然而,任何其他适合的用户界面可以被用来允许用户选择性地用电力地扩展凹腔125和/或第二凹腔125b。 However, any other suitable user interface may be used to allow the user 125 to selectively expand and / or the second cavity 125b with electrically cavity.

[0095] 当他或她需要触觉引导时用户优选地驱动凹腔125的扩展,例如,当用户可以实施其中很难或不希望将他们的眼睛保持在装置10上的动作(例如,同时相当高速度打字或同时驾驶)时。 [0095] When he or she needs to guide the user tactile preferably driven expansion cavity 125, for example, when the embodiment wherein a user may be difficult or undesirable to keep an eye on their operation device 10 (e.g., while a relatively high when typing speed or while driving). 在另一实施例中,装置10可能处于便携式功率很低,以及显示器可能变暗以省电,从而导致缺少视觉线索和触觉引导的选择的需要。 In another embodiment, the apparatus 10 may be in a low power portable, and a display may be dimmed to save power, resulting in the lack of need for tactile and visual cues to guide selection. 在这种情况下,用户驱动凹腔125的扩展以获得允许他们在没有视觉引导的情况下使用装置10的触觉引导。 In this case, user-driven expansion cavity 125 to allow them to obtain a tactile guide 10 is used in the case where no visual guidance. 用户还可以配置凹腔125的扩展水平。 Users can also configure the cavity 125 extended horizontal. 用户还可以配置用户界面增强系统100以在激活装置10时扩展凹腔125,或他们可以配置凹腔125以不管装置10是否打开或关闭而保持扩展。 Users can also configure the system to enhance the user interface 100 to activate the device 10 in the expanded cavity 125, or they may be arranged in the cavity 125 regardless of whether the device 10 is held open or closed expansion. 在其中用户界面增强系统100包括第二凹腔125b的变形中,用户还选择是否驱动凹腔125或第二凹腔125b,或两者的扩展。 In the enhancement system 100 wherein the user interface comprises a modification of the second cavity 125b, the user also selects whether to drive the cavity 125 or second cavity 125b, extended, or both. 然而,可以应用于任何其他适合的使用场景。 However, it can be applied to any other appropriate usage scenarios.

[0096] 正如本领域的技术人员将从上述详细的描述和附图以及权利要求中意识到,本发明的优选实施方式可以做出修改和改变而没有偏离本发明在以下权利要求中限定的范围。 [0096] As those skilled in the art that the foregoing detailed description and drawings, and from the claims be appreciated, the preferred embodiment of the present invention, modifications and changes may be made without departing from the invention as defined in the scope of the following claims .

Claims (18)

  1. 1.一种用于触摸界面装置(10)的用户界面增强系统,包括: -一定体积的流体(112); -层部分(110),其限定能够由用户接触的表面(115)并且包括第一区和特定区(113),其中所述特定区(113)是弹性材料的并且在以下之间是可操作的: ■缩进的容量设置,其中所述特定区(113)与所述第一区实质上在同一个平面内,以及■扩展的容量设置,其中所述特定区(113)被提升在所述第一区上方; -基层部分(120),其在连接点(117)处被连接到所述第一区,所述连接点(117)限定所述第一区和所述特定区(113)之间的边界,所述基层部分(120)限定流体通道(138),所述流体通道(138)使所述流体(112)穿过所述基层部分的一部分传送到所述特定区(113),并且所述基层部分(120)限定支撑部,所述支撑部毗邻所述特定区(113),与所述特定区(113)断开,并且当力被用户施加在所述特定区(113)上时防止所述特 A touch screen user interface means (10) for enhancement system, comprising: - a volume of fluid (112); - layer portion (110) defining a surface (115) can be contacted by the user and comprises a first and a specific area region (113), wherein said specific region (113) is an elastic material and is operable between the following: ■ the indentation capacity provided, wherein the specific region (113) and the first a region substantially in the same plane, and ■ expanded capacity provided, wherein the specific region (113) is raised above said first region; - Base portion (120), which at the connection point (117) the first region being connected to the connection point (117) defining a boundary between the first region and the specific region (113), said base portion (120) defining a fluid passage (138), the said fluid passage (138) of said fluid (112) passing through a portion of said transfer substrate portion to said specific region (113), and said base portion (120) define a support portion, said support portion adjacent to the preventing said Patent a specific zone (113), with the particular zone (113) is disconnected, and when a force is applied to the user in the specific area (113) 定区(113)被极大地按下而进入所述流体通道(138)中; -转移装置(130),其被配置为操作所述流体(112)的一部分穿过所述流体通道(138)朝向所述特定区(113),以将所述特定区(113)从所述缩进的容量设置转变到所述扩展的容量设置,所述特定区(113)在所述扩展的容量设置中在所述第一区的平面上方;以及-连接组件(220),其被配置为将所述基层部分(120)非永久性地连接到所述触摸界面装置(10),其中所述基层部分(120)布置在所述触摸界面装置(10)和所述层部分(110)之间。 Fixed region (113) is greatly pressed into the fluid channel (138); and - transfer means (130) configured to operate said fluid (112) passing through a portion of the fluid channel (138) towards the particular zone (113) to the particular area (113) transition from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting, is provided in the extension of the capacity of the particular zone (113) above the plane of the first region; and - a connection assembly (220), which is configured to the base layer portion (120) non-permanently connected to the touch interface device (10), wherein the base layer portion (120) disposed between the touch interface means (10) and said layer portion (110).
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述层部分(110)限定了第二特定区(113),所述第二特定区(113)在缩进的容量设置和扩展的容量设置中是可操作的,其中所述特定区(113)和所述流体通道(138)限定凹腔(125),并且其中所述第二特定区(113)和所述流体通道(138)限定第二凹腔(125B),所述第二凹腔(125B)与所述凹腔(125)实质上相同。 The user interface of claim 2. The enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said layer portion (110) defines a second specific region (113), the second specific region (113) in the retracted volume setting and an extended provided capacity is operable, wherein said specific region (113) and said fluid passage (138) defining a cavity (125), and wherein said second particular region (113) and the fluid channel (138) defining a second cavity (125B), said second cavity (125B) of said cavity (125) are substantially the same.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的用户界面增强系统,还包括第二转移装置(130),所述第二转移装置(130)将所述流体(112)的一部分朝向所述第二特定区(113)移动,以独立于所述特定区(113)来将所述第二特定区(113)从所述缩进的容量设置转变到所述扩展的容量设置。 3. The user interface of the enhancement system of claim 2, further comprising second transfer means (130), said second transfer means (130) a portion of the fluid (112) towards the second specific region ( 113) moves independently to the specific region (113) specific to the second region (113) transition from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中,在所述缩进的容量设置中,所述表面(115)横过所述第一区和所述特定区(113)是实质上连续的和平面的。 4. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein, in the retracted volume setting, the surface (115) across the first region and the specific region (113) is substantially continuous and planar.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述表面(115)界定第一平面上的第一部分和第二平面上的第二部分,所述第二平面实质上垂直于所述第一平面。 5. The user interface of claim 4, wherein the enhancement system, wherein the surface (115) defining a second portion of the first portion on a first plane and a second plane, the second plane is substantially perpendicular to the The first plane.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)操作所述流体(112)的一部分远离所述特定区(113),以将所述特定区(113)从所述扩展的容量设置转变到所述缩进的容量设置。 6. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said transfer means (130) away from a particular portion of the area (113) of said operating fluid (112) to the particular area (113) from the capacity of the extended transition to the indentation provided capacity.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述层部分(110)、所述基层部分(120)和所述流体(112)是实质上透明的。 7. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said layer portion (110), said base portion (120) and the fluid (112) is substantially transparent.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述流体(112)的折射率实质上与所述基层部分(120)的一部分的折射率相同。 8. The user interface of claim 7 enhancement system as claimed in claim, wherein the refractive index of the fluid (112) is substantially the same as the refractive index of a portion of the base layer portion (120).
  9. 9.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,还包括数据链路(205),所述数据链路(205)非永久地将所述转移装置(130)连接到所述触摸界面装置(10),其中所述数据链路(205)支持所述转移装置(130)与所述触摸界面装置(10)之间的通信,且其中所述转移装置(130)是电动的并且通过所述数据链路(205)由所述触摸界面装置(10)来激活。 9. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, further comprising a data link (205), said data link (205) is permanently non-touch interface of the device, the transfer device (130) connected to the ( 10), wherein said data link (205) supporting said transfer device (130) for communication between the (10) with the touch interface means, and wherein said transfer means (130) and by said electric a data link (205) is activated by the touch interface device (10).
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述数据链路(205)包括无线发射机和无线接收机。 10. The user interface of the enhancement system of claim 9, wherein said data link (205) comprises a wireless transmitter and a wireless receiver.
  11. 11.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)包括贮存器(132),所述贮存器(132)包含所述流体(112),并且其中所述转移装置(130)将流体在所述贮存器(132)和所述特定区(113)之间转移,以将所述特定区(113)在所述缩进的容量设置和所述扩展的容量设置之间转变。 11. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said transfer means (130) comprises a reservoir (132), the reservoir (132) containing said fluid (112), and wherein said transfer means (130) to said fluid reservoir (132) and between said specific region (113) is transferred to the particular region (113) disposed in the capacity of the expanded capacity is provided and said indented Room change.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)包括布置在所述贮存器(132)内的柱塞,其中所述柱塞在所述贮存器(132)内被手动操作,以使流体在所述贮存器(132)和所述特定区(113)之间转移。 12. The user interface of claim 11, wherein the enhancement system, wherein said transfer means (130) comprises a plunger disposed within said reservoir (132), wherein the plunger in the reservoir (132) the manually operable to transfer fluid between the (113) in the reservoir (132) and the particular zone.
  13. 13.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)包括电阻加热器,所述电阻加热器扩展所述流体(112),以通过加热所述流体(112)来将所述特定区(113)从所述缩进的容量设置转变到所述扩展的容量设置。 13. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said transfer means (130) comprises a resistive heater, a resistance heater extended the fluid (112) to (112) by heating the fluid to the particular area (113) transition from the retracted volume setting to the extended volume setting.
  14. 14.如权利要求13所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)包括储能器(323),所述储能器(323)将手动输入作为势能存储到所述触摸界面装置(10)中,并且其中所述转移装置(130)将存储的势能从所述储能器(323)释放,以将所述特定区(113)在所述缩进的容量设置和所述扩展的容量设置之间转变。 14. The user interface of the enhancement system of claim 13, wherein said transfer means (130) comprises an energy storage device (323), said accumulator (323) to a manual input to the touch as a potential energy storage device interface (10), and wherein said transfer means (130) the stored potential energy is released from said accumulator (323) to the particular area (113) in said extended and said retracted volume setting the capacity of the transition between the.
  15. 15.如权利要求13所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述转移装置(130)连接到所述触摸界面装置(10)的带铰链的翻盖,并且其中所述转移装置(130)将流体转移到所述流体通道(138)中,以响应于所述带铰链的翻盖的驱动来将所述特定区(113)从所述缩进的容量设置转变成所述扩展的容量设置。 15. The user interface of the enhancement system of claim 13, wherein said transfer means (130) connected to the touch interface of the flap means (10) is hinged, and wherein said transfer means (130) transferring fluid to the fluid channel (138), to drive in response to the flap hinged to the particular region (113) transition from the retracted to the extended volume setting capacity settings.
  16. 16.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述连接组件(220)实质上包住所述触摸界面装置(10)。 16. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said connector assembly (220) substantially surrounding said touch interface means (10).
  17. 17.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述连接组件(220)将所述基层部分(120)安装在所述触摸界面装置(10)的触摸感应显示器上。 17. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said connector assembly (220) to said base portion (120) mounted on the touch screen means (10) of the touch-sensitive display.
  18. 18.如权利要求1所述的用户界面增强系统,其中所述连接组件(220)包括实质上透明的非永久性的粘合剂,所述非永久性的粘合剂将所述基层部分(120)连接到所述触摸界面装置(10)。 18. The user interface of claim enhancement system of claim 1, wherein said connector assembly (220) comprises a substantially transparent non-permanent adhesive, non-permanent adhesive to the portion of the base layer ( 120) connected to the touch interface device (10).
CN 201510549061 2009-07-03 2010-07-05 Enhanced user interface system CN105260110A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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