CN105258836A - System and method for monitoring state of bolt - Google Patents

System and method for monitoring state of bolt Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105258836A
CN105258836A CN201510708893.XA CN201510708893A CN105258836A CN 105258836 A CN105258836 A CN 105258836A CN 201510708893 A CN201510708893 A CN 201510708893A CN 105258836 A CN105258836 A CN 105258836A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bolt
bolts
tools
state parameter
intelligent
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201510708893.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫子权
杜祖良
杜青阳
肖俊恒
方杭玮
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Beijing Yingou Technology Development Co Ltd
Railway Engineering Research Institute of CARS
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Beijing Yingou Technology Development Co Ltd
Railway Engineering Research Institute of CARS
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Application filed by Beijing Yingou Technology Development Co Ltd, Railway Engineering Research Institute of CARS filed Critical Beijing Yingou Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510708893.XA priority Critical patent/CN105258836A/en
Publication of CN105258836A publication Critical patent/CN105258836A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a system and method for monitoring the state of a bolt. The method comprises a step of collecting the bolt state parameter of an intelligent bolt through a bolt pretightening force tester, a step of calculating the pretightening force of the intelligent bolt according to the bolt state parameter, a step of comparing a prestored pretightening force measurement record and the pretightening force and determining whether the pretightening force of the intelligent bolt is in a preset safety range, and a step of uploading the pretightening force to a server when the judgment result is zero. According to the system and the method, the technical problem of hidden danger brought by the no control of the attenuation condition of the bolt pretightening force caused by the condition that the pretightening force of the bolt can be not accurately monitored is solved.

Description

The system and method for monitoring bolt state
Technical field
The present invention relates to electrical application technology field, in particular to a kind of system and method for monitoring bolt state.
Background technology
Bolt pair is a kind of physical construction common in machine applications, wherein, in concrete application scenarios, example is assembled into railway structure, in each system of railway, most of structures such as fastener system, sound barrier system or switch area all adopt the assembling mode of bolt pair.And the assembly quality of bolt pair interface depends primarily on the control to bolt pretightening, when bolt does not reach default pretightning force when fastening, the serviceable life of bolt pair will be reduced, simultaneously in railway operation process, if the bolt pretightening monitoring of counterweight dot structure keypoint part is not in place, bolt pair catastrophic failure will be caused, affect traffic safety.
In the related, be moment method to the control mode of bolt pair, that is, bolt pair applied to the pretightning force of fixing Torque Control bolt.But, during moment method fastening bolt, pretightning force is often because extraneous factor interventions such as speed speeds when whether bolt is coated with oil lubrication, torque spanner fastening bolt, to make the pretightning force precision of bolt poor, therefore, due to the pretightning force of bolt accurately cannot be controlled, cause grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the potential safety hazard brought.
For the above-mentioned pretightning force due to bolt accurately cannot be monitored, cause cannot grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the problem of the potential safety hazard brought, not yet propose effective solution at present.
Summary of the invention
Embodiments provide a kind of system and method for monitoring bolt state, at least to solve the pretightning force due to bolt accurately cannot be monitored, cause cannot grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the technical matters of the potential safety hazard brought.
According to an aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, provide a kind of method of monitoring bolt state, comprising: the bolt state parameter being gathered intelligent bolt by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester; According to the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt; Compare according to the pretightning force survey record that prestores and pretightning force, determine that the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is whether in predetermined safe range; When judged result is for being, upload pretightning force to server.
Further, before the bolt state parameter being gathered intelligent bolt by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, method also comprises: to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester sending controling instruction, wherein, steering order, for obtaining bolt state parameter.
Further, steering order is pulse electrical signal.
Further, when bolt state parameter comprises bolt deflection, the step according to the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt comprises: the clamping length extracting the elastic modulus of the bolt material prestored, bolt sectional area and bolt pair; According to the quantitative relation of the clamping length of the elastic modulus of bolt deflection and bolt material, bolt sectional area and bolt pair, obtain the pretightning force of intelligent bolt.
According to the another aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, additionally provide a kind of system of monitoring bolt state, comprising: intelligent bolt, for generating bolt state parameter; Tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, communicates to connect with intelligent bolt, for gathering bolt state parameter; Data processing terminal, communicates to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, for the pretightning force according to bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt, and when the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is in predetermined safe range, uploads pretightning force.
Further, data processing terminal, also for sending the steering order obtaining bolt state parameter to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester.
Further, steering order is pulse electrical signal.
Further, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, also for forwarding steering order to intelligent bolt, and marks the time of intelligent bolt when the bolt state parameter returned.
Further, intelligent bolt comprises: signal stop means and piezoelectric ceramic device, and wherein, signal stop means, for receiving the steering order that tools for bolts ' pretension force tester forwards; Piezoelectric ceramic device, is electrically connected with signal stop means, obtains bolt state parameter for steering order being converted to by pulse electrical signal with Mechanical Longitudinal Waves frequently.
Further, piezoelectric ceramic device, also for bolt state parameter is converted to pulse electrical signal by Mechanical Longitudinal Waves; Signal stop means, is electrically connected with piezoelectric ceramic device, also for bolt state parameter is back to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester.
Further, this system also comprises: temperature compensation means, and wherein, temperature compensation means, communicates to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, for collecting temperature parameter.
Further, system also comprises: server, and wherein, server, communicates to connect with data processing terminal, for storing the pretightning force of intelligent bolt.
Further, system also comprises: communication relay set, and wherein, communication relay set, communicates to connect with data processing terminal and tools for bolts ' pretension force tester respectively, for the steering order sent to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester forwarding data processing terminal; Or, the bolt state parameter of tools for bolts ' pretension force tester reception is forwarded to data processing terminal.
In embodiments of the present invention, the bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt is gathered by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester; According to the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt; Compare according to the pretightning force survey record that prestores and pretightning force, determine that the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is whether in predetermined safe range; When judged result is for being, upload pretightning force to server, reach the object of the pretightning force accurately controlling bolt, thus achieve the technique effect of Real-Time Monitoring bolt pretightening attenuation change, and then the pretightning force solved due to bolt accurately cannot be monitored, cause cannot grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the technical matters of the potential safety hazard brought.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and form a application's part, schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the system of monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the system of a kind of monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation according to the intelligent bolt in the system of a kind of monitoring bolt state of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic flow sheet of the method for monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention program is understood better in order to make those skilled in the art person, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the embodiment of a part of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, should belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
It should be noted that, term " first ", " second " etc. in instructions of the present invention and claims and above-mentioned accompanying drawing are for distinguishing similar object, and need not be used for describing specific order or precedence.Should be appreciated that the data used like this can be exchanged in the appropriate case, so as embodiments of the invention described herein can with except here diagram or describe those except order implement.In addition, term " comprises " and " having " and their any distortion, intention is to cover not exclusive comprising, such as, contain those steps or unit that the process of series of steps or unit, method, system, product or equipment is not necessarily limited to clearly list, but can comprise clearly do not list or for intrinsic other step of these processes, method, product or equipment or unit.
Embodiment one
According to the embodiment of the present invention, provide a kind of system embodiment of system of monitoring bolt state, it should be noted that, can perform in the computer system of such as one group of computer executable instructions in the step shown in the process flow diagram of accompanying drawing, and, although show logical order in flow charts, in some cases, can be different from the step shown or described by order execution herein.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the system of monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in Figure 1, this system comprises: intelligent bolt 12, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 and data processing terminal 16, wherein,
Intelligent bolt 12, for generating bolt state parameter;
Tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, communicates to connect with intelligent bolt 12, for gathering bolt state parameter;
Data processing terminal 16, communicates to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, for the pretightning force according to bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt 12, and when the pretightning force of intelligent bolt 12 is in predetermined safe range, uploads pretightning force.
The system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides goes in railway structure mounting technology, especially can be applied to and monitor the pretightning force of bolt pair.
Data processing terminal 16 is by the pretightning force of the current bolt of communication connection Relation acquisition between tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 and intelligent bolt 12 in the embodiment of the present application, concrete, data processing terminal 16 sends the steering order obtaining bolt state parameter to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 sends the steering order obtaining this bolt state parameter acquiring to intelligent bolt 12, and then, intelligent bolt 12 generates bolt state parameter, and the bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt 12 is gathered by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, further this bolt state parameter is forwarded to data processing terminal 16, by the pretightning force of data processing terminal 16 according to bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt 12, if this pretightning force is in predetermined safe range, then upload this pretightning force to server.
Wherein, in the system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides, data processing terminal 16 can be the one in computer, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, wearable device, panel computer or palm commercial affairs.
Concrete, data processing terminal 16 is as follows according to the process of the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt 12:
Due to bolt in a free state, there is not pretightning force in bolt inside, and bolt is under tightening state, due to the effect of pretightning force, to there is deformation in bolt, therefore now the deflection of bolt is Δ L, and data processing terminal 16 is according to the mathematical relation between this Δ L and pretightning force F, calculate pretightning force F, this mathematical relation is as follows:
F = E · S · Δ L L - - - ( 1 )
Wherein, F is the pretightning force of bolt; E is the elastic modulus of bolt material; S is bolt sectional area; Δ L is the deflection of bolt; L is the clamping length of bolt pair.According to formula (1), data processing terminal 16 calculates the pretightning force F of current intelligent bolt 12 according to Δ L.
Here tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 are transmitting and receiving pulse electrical signals, measurement calculate and launch the equipment of mistiming between electric echo signal.Bolt in a free state, mistiming between transmitting and receiving electric signal is T0, and bolt is under tightening state, and the mistiming between bolt transmitting and receiving electric signal is T1, receive and dispatch the relation of the deflection of mistiming and bolt thus according to electric signal, obtain the deflection of bolt in formula, v is the velocity of propagation of Mechanical Longitudinal Waves in bolt, finally can be obtained the pretightning force of the intelligent bolt 12 under current state in conjunction with formula (1) according to Δ L by data processing terminal 12.
The system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides, by intelligent bolt, for generating bolt state parameter; Tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, communicates to connect with intelligent bolt, for gathering bolt state parameter; Data processing terminal, communicate to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, for the pretightning force according to bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt, and when the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is in predetermined safe range, upload pretightning force, reach the object of the pretightning force accurately controlling bolt, thus achieve the technique effect of Real-Time Monitoring bolt pretightening attenuation change, and then the pretightning force solved due to bolt accurately cannot be monitored, cause cannot grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the technical matters of the potential safety hazard brought.
Concrete, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the system of a kind of monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in Figure 2, the system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides is specific as follows:
Further, data processing terminal 16, also for sending the steering order obtaining bolt state parameter to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14.
Further, steering order is pulse electrical signal.
Here the data processing terminal 16 in the embodiment of the present application is with computer (PersonalComputer, be called for short PC) be described for example, concrete, PC is the bolt state parameter obtaining intelligent bolt 12, before intelligent bolt 12 generates bolt state parameter, PC sends the steering order of the bolt state parameter for obtaining intelligent bolt 12 to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14.Wherein, the mode of propagation of this steering order can be pulse electrical signal.
Further, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, also for forwarding steering order to intelligent bolt 12, and marks the time of intelligent bolt 12 when the bolt state parameter returned.
Wherein, after tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 forwards steering order to intelligent bolt 12, according to the function declaration of tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 in above-mentioned formula (1), the instruction of tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 marking of control is sent to the launch time of intelligent bolt 12, and the time of return of bolt state parameter that the foundation steering order that returns of the intelligent bolt 12 received gathers, obtain mistiming T1, to make data processing terminal 16 calculate △ L according to this T1, thus obtain pretightning force F.
Preferably, Fig. 3 is the structural representation according to the intelligent bolt in the system of a kind of monitoring bolt state of the embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in Figure 3, intelligent bolt 12 comprises: signal stop means 121 and piezoelectric ceramic device 122, wherein,
Signal stop means 121, for receiving the steering order that tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 forwards;
Piezoelectric ceramic device 122, is electrically connected with signal stop means 121, obtains bolt state parameter for steering order being converted to by pulse electrical signal with Mechanical Longitudinal Waves frequently.
As from the foregoing, in the embodiment of the present application, intelligent bolt 12 is made up of signal stop means 121 and piezoelectric ceramic device 122, by the electric connection structure of signal stop means 121 and piezoelectric ceramic device 122, receiving the steering order of tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 forwarding and obtaining in the process of bolt state parameter, signal stop means 121 receives the steering order that tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 forwards, this instruction is converted to Mechanical Longitudinal Waves frequently by pulse electrical signal by piezoelectric ceramic device 122, further obtains the mechanical echoes that bolt stage reflects to form.
Further, piezoelectric ceramic device 122, also for bolt state parameter is converted to pulse electrical signal by Mechanical Longitudinal Waves;
Signal stop means 121, is electrically connected with piezoelectric ceramic device 122, also for bolt state parameter is back to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14.
Based on above-mentioned, after receiving mechanical echoes, this mechanical echoes is converted to pulse electrical signal by Mechanical Longitudinal Waves by piezoelectric ceramic device 122, and by signal stop means 121, this pulse electrical signal is back to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, this system also comprises: temperature compensation means 17, and wherein, temperature compensation means 17, communicates to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, for collecting temperature parameter.
Concrete, for improving the monitoring accuracy of bolt pretightening, the system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides also comprises: temperature compensation means 17, wherein, temperature compensation means 17 and tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 communicate to connect, for gathering the temperature parameter of intelligent bolt 12, wherein, the temperature parameter that temperature compensation means 17 gathers can be temperature compensation and stress compensation, thus promotes the measuring accuracy of pretightning force F.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, system also comprises: server 18, and wherein, server 18, communicates to connect with data processing terminal 16, for storing the pretightning force of intelligent bolt 12.
The embodiment of the present application is by the communication connection structure of data processing terminal 16, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 and intelligent bolt 12, achieve the monitoring (monitoring and measurement) of the pretightning force to intelligent bolt 12, wherein, when data processing terminal 16 is being monitored when the pretightning force of pre-test is in predetermined safe range, this pretightning force is uploaded onto the server 18, monitors historical record for a long time to make to build the pretightning force of intelligent bolt 12.
In the system of the monitoring bolt state provided in the embodiment of the present application, server 18 can be outside physical server, can also be Cloud Server.
Here in the preferred scheme of the embodiment of the present application, possess the condition of data-handling capacity at server 18 under, server 18 can also communicate to connect with tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, the pretightning force of the bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt 12 returned by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, with the pretightning force Decay Law making the data processing terminal 16 of arbitrary access server 18 can obtain intelligent bolt 12 according to the pretightning force historic state of the intelligent bolt 12 in server 18.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, system also comprises: communication relay set 19, wherein,
Communication relay set 19, communicates to connect with data processing terminal 16 and tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 respectively, for the steering order sent to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 forwarding data processing terminal 16; Or, the bolt state parameter of tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 reception is forwarded to data processing terminal 16.
Here between tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 and data processing terminal 16, for can according to the needs of communication distance, the data communication between tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 and data processing terminal 16 can also complete communication requirement by communication relay set 19.Wherein, communication relay set 19 can be divided into short haul connection trunking and middle and long distance communication relay set according to the length of communication distance, short haul connection trunking can be realized by bluetooth or Infrared Transmission, middle and long distance is removed wireless base station communication and can also be communicated by satellite relay equipment, the embodiment of the present application is as the criterion with the system realizing monitoring bolt state, does not limit the type of communication relay set 19.
Shown in composition graphs 2 and Fig. 3, in the system of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides, data processing terminal 16 is for computer, in the process of pretightning force measuring intelligent bolt 12, by computer, Wireless remote control is carried out to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14, tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 is according to the instruction issue pulse electrical signal of computer, pulse electrical signal is changed into the Mechanical Longitudinal Waves of same frequency by intelligent bolt 12 by signal stop means 121 and piezoelectric ceramic device 122, Mechanical Longitudinal Waves reflects to form mechanical echoes through stud base, piezoelectric ceramic device 122 changes mechanical echoes into electric signal and through stop means 121, electric signal is transmitted back to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14.The electric echo signal time mark in addition that tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 will receive, is sent to computer through the communication relay set such as bluetooth or satellite network 19, by the post processor of computer, accurately can obtains the current pretightning force of intelligent bolt 12.The current pretightning force of the intelligent bolt 12 recorded can be uploaded onto the server 18 by computer, and can access the historical data in Download Server 18 at any time, grasps the situation of change of the pretightning force of intelligent bolt 12.
Wherein, intelligent bolt 12 is on the basis of plain bolt, have employed the bolt arrangement of signal stop means 121 and piezoelectric ceramics 122 device, is not limited to the bolt shape shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.
Computer can realize following functions: (1) arranges different pulse electrical signal frequency, pulse number etc.; (2) elastic modulus, temperature compensation parameter, stress compensation parameter etc. of different bolt material are set; (3) many bolts hyperchannel is set and the management parameters such as measures in real time; (4) access cloud memory device at any time and carry out upload and download data; (5) the large data analysis functions such as cloud storage and cloud computing are provided.
The system of the monitoring bolt state provided by the embodiment of the present application, when fastening bolt, accurately bolt pretightening can be controlled for railway bolt assembly structure, and can in structure use procedure, the pretightning force of Real-Time Monitoring bolt, for rail facility safety and traffic safety provide safeguard.
Embodiment two
According to the embodiment of the present invention, provide a kind of embodiment of the method for monitoring bolt state, it should be noted that, can perform in the computer system of such as one group of computer executable instructions in the step shown in the process flow diagram of accompanying drawing, and, although show logical order in flow charts, in some cases, can be different from the step shown or described by order execution herein.
Fig. 4 is the schematic flow sheet of the method for monitoring bolt state according to the embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in Figure 4, the method comprises the steps:
Step S402, gathers the bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester;
Step S404, according to the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt;
Step S406, compares according to the pretightning force survey record that prestores and pretightning force, determines that the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is whether in predetermined safe range;
Step S408, when judged result is for being, uploads pretightning force to server.
The method of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides goes in railway structure mounting technology, especially can be applied to and monitor the pretightning force of bolt pair.
Wherein, the embodiment of composition graphs 1 correspondence, in data processing terminal 16 side, by receiving the bolt state parameter of the intelligent bolt 12 that tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 gathers, the pretightning force of this intelligent bolt 12 is calculated according to this bolt state parameter, further, by comparing with the pretightning force survey record prestored, determine the current pretightning force of this intelligent bolt 12 whether in safe range, when judged result is for being, this pretightning force is uploaded onto the server, to obtain the pretightning force Decay Law of intelligent bolt 12 in conjunction with pretightning force survey record, thus ensure rail facility safety and traffic safety.
The method of the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides, gathers the bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester; According to the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt; Compare according to the pretightning force survey record that prestores and pretightning force, determine that the pretightning force of intelligent bolt is whether in predetermined safe range; When judged result is for being, upload pretightning force to server, reach the object of the pretightning force accurately controlling bolt, thus achieve the technique effect of Real-Time Monitoring bolt pretightening attenuation change, and then the pretightning force solved due to bolt accurately cannot be monitored, cause cannot grasping the degrade condition of bolt pretightening and the technical matters of the potential safety hazard brought.
Further, before step S402 gathers the bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, the method for the monitoring bolt state that the embodiment of the present application provides also comprises:
Step S401, to tools for bolts ' pretension force tester sending controling instruction, wherein, steering order, for obtaining bolt state parameter.
Further, steering order is pulse electrical signal.
Further, when bolt state parameter comprises bolt deflection, comprise according to the step of the pretightning force of bolt state parameter computational intelligence bolt in step S404:
Step1, extracts the clamping length of the elastic modulus of the bolt material prestored, bolt sectional area and bolt pair;
Step2, according to the quantitative relation of the clamping length of the elastic modulus of bolt deflection and bolt material, bolt sectional area and bolt pair, obtains the pretightning force of intelligent bolt.
Shown in composition graphs 1, based on Step1 and Step2, due to bolt in a free state, there is not pretightning force in bolt inside, and bolt is under tightening state, due to the effect of pretightning force, to there is deformation in bolt, therefore now the deflection of bolt is Δ L, and data processing terminal 16 is according to the mathematical relation between this Δ L and pretightning force F, calculate pretightning force F, this mathematical relation is as follows:
F = E · S · Δ L L - - - ( 1 )
Wherein, F is the pretightning force of bolt; E is the elastic modulus of bolt material; S is bolt sectional area; Δ L is the deflection of bolt; L is the clamping length of bolt pair.According to formula (1), data processing terminal 16 calculates the pretightning force F of current intelligent bolt 12 according to Δ L.
Here tools for bolts ' pretension force tester 14 are transmitting and receiving pulse electrical signals, measurement calculate and launch the equipment of mistiming between electric echo signal.Bolt in a free state, mistiming between transmitting and receiving electric signal is T0, and bolt is under tightening state, and the mistiming between bolt transmitting and receiving electric signal is T1, receive and dispatch the relation of the deflection of mistiming and bolt thus according to electric signal, obtain the deflection of bolt in formula, v is the velocity of propagation of Mechanical Longitudinal Waves in bolt, finally can be obtained the pretightning force of the intelligent bolt 12 under current state in conjunction with formula (1) according to Δ L by data processing terminal 12.
The method of the monitoring bolt state provided by the embodiment of the present application, when fastening bolt, accurately bolt pretightening can be controlled for railway bolt assembly structure, and can in structure use procedure, the pretightning force of Real-Time Monitoring bolt, for rail facility safety and traffic safety provide safeguard.
The invention described above embodiment sequence number, just to describing, does not represent the quality of embodiment.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, the description of each embodiment is all emphasized particularly on different fields, in certain embodiment, there is no the part described in detail, can see the associated description of other embodiments.
In several embodiments that the application provides, should be understood that, disclosed technology contents, the mode by other realizes.Wherein, device embodiment described above is only schematic, the such as division of described unit, can be that a kind of logic function divides, actual can have other dividing mode when realizing, such as multiple unit or assembly can in conjunction with or another system can be integrated into, or some features can be ignored, or do not perform.Another point, shown or discussed coupling each other or direct-coupling or communication connection can be by some interfaces, and the indirect coupling of unit or module or communication connection can be electrical or other form.
The described unit illustrated as separating component or can may not be and physically separates, and the parts as unit display can be or may not be physical location, namely can be positioned at a place, or also can be distributed on multiple unit.Some or all of unit wherein can be selected according to the actual needs to realize the object of the present embodiment scheme.
In addition, each functional unit in each embodiment of the present invention can be integrated in a processing unit, also can be that the independent physics of unit exists, also can two or more unit in a unit integrated.Above-mentioned integrated unit both can adopt the form of hardware to realize, and the form of SFU software functional unit also can be adopted to realize.
If described integrated unit using the form of SFU software functional unit realize and as independently production marketing or use time, can be stored in a computer read/write memory medium.Based on such understanding, the part that technical scheme of the present invention contributes to prior art in essence in other words or all or part of of this technical scheme can embody with the form of software product, this computer software product is stored in a storage medium, comprises all or part of step of some instructions in order to make a computer equipment (can be personal computer, server or the network equipment etc.) perform method described in each embodiment of the present invention.And aforesaid storage medium comprises: USB flash disk, ROM (read-only memory) (ROM, Read-OnlyMemory), random access memory (RAM, RandomAccessMemory), portable hard drive, magnetic disc or CD etc. various can be program code stored medium.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. a method for monitoring bolt state, is characterized in that, comprising:
The bolt state parameter of intelligent bolt is gathered by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester;
The pretightning force of described intelligent bolt is calculated according to described bolt state parameter;
Compare according to the pretightning force survey record that prestores and described pretightning force, determine that the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt is whether in predetermined safe range;
When judged result is for being, upload described pretightning force to server.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, before the described bolt state parameter by tools for bolts ' pretension force tester collection intelligent bolt, described method also comprises:
To described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester sending controling instruction, wherein, described steering order, for obtaining described bolt state parameter.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described steering order is pulse electrical signal.
4. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when described bolt state parameter comprises bolt deflection, the described step calculating the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt according to described bolt state parameter comprises:
Extract the clamping length of the elastic modulus of the bolt material prestored, bolt sectional area and bolt pair;
According to the quantitative relation of the clamping length of described bolt deflection and the elastic modulus of described bolt material, described bolt sectional area and described bolt pair, obtain the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt.
5. a system for monitoring bolt state, is characterized in that, comprising:
Intelligent bolt, for generating bolt state parameter;
Tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, communicates to connect with described intelligent bolt, for gathering described bolt state parameter;
Data processing terminal, communicates to connect with described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, for calculating the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt according to described bolt state parameter, and when the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt is in predetermined safe range, uploads described pretightning force.
6. system according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described data processing terminal, also for sending the steering order obtaining described bolt state parameter to described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester.
7. system according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described steering order is pulse electrical signal.
8. system according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester, also for forwarding described steering order to described intelligent bolt, and marks the time of described intelligent bolt when the described bolt state parameter returned.
9. system according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described intelligent bolt comprises: signal stop means and piezoelectric ceramic device, wherein,
Described signal stop means, for receiving the described steering order that described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester forwards;
Described piezoelectric ceramic device, is electrically connected with described signal stop means, obtains described bolt state parameter for described steering order being converted to by pulse electrical signal with Mechanical Longitudinal Waves frequently.
10. system according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
Described piezoelectric ceramic device, also for described bolt state parameter is converted to described pulse electrical signal by described Mechanical Longitudinal Waves;
Described signal stop means, is electrically connected with described piezoelectric ceramic device, also for described bolt state parameter is back to described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester.
11. systems according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described system also comprises: temperature compensation means, and wherein, described temperature compensation means, communicates to connect, for collecting temperature parameter with described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester.
12. systems according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described system also comprises: server, and wherein, described server, communicates to connect with described data processing terminal, for storing the pretightning force of described intelligent bolt.
13. systems according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described system also comprises: communication relay set, wherein, described communication relay set, communicate to connect with described data processing terminal and described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester respectively, for forwarding the described steering order that described data processing terminal sends to described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester; Or, the described bolt state parameter of described tools for bolts ' pretension force tester reception is forwarded to described data processing terminal.
CN201510708893.XA 2015-10-27 2015-10-27 System and method for monitoring state of bolt Pending CN105258836A (en)

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CN105865665B (en) * 2016-03-28 2019-01-29 北京理工大学 A kind of the preload force measuring method and device of flared fitting
CN105865665A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-17 北京理工大学 Method and apparatus for measuring pre-tensioning force of flared fitting
CN106124098A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 中国铁道科学研究院铁道建筑研究所 The method of testing of small-resistant fastener longitudinal resistance and device
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CN109844478A (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-06-04 Glbs专利实行公司 Connecting element with integrated sensor
CN107339309A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-10 上海应谱科技有限公司 A kind of pretightning force monitoring system of intelligent fastener
CN107576439A (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-01-12 宝沃汽车(中国)有限公司 Monitoring method, system and bolt, wheel, the vehicle of Axial stress in bolt
CN107655610A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-02-02 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 A kind of intelligent bolt, intelligent bolt calibration system and monitoring system
CN108709724A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-10-26 山东中车风电有限公司 Wind power generating set bolt on-line condition monitoring system and method
CN109163838A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-08 中国铁道科学研究院集团有限公司通信信号研究所 Fastener monitoring device based on pressure sensor
CN109521098A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-03-26 北京市地铁运营有限公司 A kind of monitoring system and method for sound barrier
CN109820568A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-05-31 深圳市世格赛思医疗科技有限公司 A kind of pretightning force applying method, the apparatus and system of piezoelectric ceramic ultrasonic transducer
CN110487470A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-22 江铃控股有限公司 On-vehicle safety monitoring method and system based on bolt torque monitoring
CN111504541A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-07 中物院成都科学技术发展中心 Fastener with stress sensing function and suitable for being used in high-corrosion environment and thin film transduction sensing system
CN111537131A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-14 中物院成都科学技术发展中心 Axial pretightening force single-wave measurement method

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