CN105257156A - Fastening positioning structure for aluminum alloy door and window - Google Patents

Fastening positioning structure for aluminum alloy door and window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105257156A
CN105257156A CN201510677264.5A CN201510677264A CN105257156A CN 105257156 A CN105257156 A CN 105257156A CN 201510677264 A CN201510677264 A CN 201510677264A CN 105257156 A CN105257156 A CN 105257156A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
force
forms
window
fastening
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510677264.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢晓斌
李震
Original Assignee
一禾科技发展(上海)有限公司
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Priority to CN201310181104.2A priority Critical patent/CN103306579B/en
Publication of CN105257156A publication Critical patent/CN105257156A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/66Units comprising two or more parallel glass or like panes permanently secured together
    • E06B3/6621Units comprising two or more parallel glass or like panes permanently secured together with special provisions for fitting in window frames or to adjacent units; Separate edge protecting strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/66Units comprising two or more parallel glass or like panes permanently secured together
    • E06B3/663Elements for spacing panes
    • E06B3/66309Section members positioned at the edges of the glazing unit
    • E06B2003/66385Section members positioned at the edges of the glazing unit with special shapes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/549Fixing of glass panes or like plates by clamping the pane between two subframes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/5871Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like pivotally fixed on the frame; Borders with pivoting parts

Abstract

The invention discloses a fastening positioning structure for an aluminum alloy door and window. The fastening positioning structure comprises a glass door and window body fixed in a side frame, wherein the side frame comprises a compression assembly and a fastening assembly; through the matching of the compression assembly and the glass door and window body, the fastening assembly is pressed to generate prestress, and the glass door and window body is further fastened; the glass door and window body becomes a main control element for generating prestress; the fastening assembly selects elastic materials; under the effect of external force, stable prestress can be formed inside the materials, and can be stored; and a stable prestress system is formed with the glass door and window body and the compression assembly. The fastening positioning structure has the advantages that the strength, the anti-twisting performance and the external-force-resistant capability of the whole aluminum alloy door and window structure can be enhanced; the occurrence of problems of door and window falling and deformation and the like is avoided; the side frame using a prestress structure on the periphery of the glass is used, so that a corresponding fastening point and a corresponding fastening mode can be set in any position of a side frame press block according to the fastening installing requirements of hardware fittings; the requirements of use function and firmness degree of the hardware fittings are met; and the limitation by the thickness of sectional materials is avoided.

Description

A kind ofly fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of door and window, espespecially a kind of alumium alloy door and window and assembly method thereof.
Background technology
Alumium alloy door and window refer to the class door, the window that adopt aluminum alloy building section to make frame, fan member structure.In existing national sector standard " alumium alloy door and window engineering legislation " JGJ214-2010 and national building standard design atlas " alumium alloy door and window " 02J603-1, describe about the fastening mounting means of glass in alumium alloy door and window and be roughly: in the frame being shelved on aluminium alloy extrusions with the form of inlaying or U-type groove, following placement rest pad, periphery is aided with liner and fluid sealant to complete the fixing of bar glass; And the Hardware fitting such as hinge, handle is all directly installed on the frame of aluminium extruded sections.Usually there is following defect in above-mentioned alumium alloy door and window:
1, glass be placed on aluminium alloy extrusions frame or U-type groove in, glass and section bar do not form one, but the impact load etc. of only contend with by the section splicing pulling force of the section bar gravity load of glass door sash, wind load and external force, therefore the outer force intensity of the opposing of structure is more weak, under above-mentioned load long term, alumium alloy door and window are easy to occur the faults such as vertical tenesmus, distortion;
2, longitudinal glass is shelved on rest pad by section, easily like this produces destructive internal stress at inside glass, can aggravate the diffusion of this internal stress, thus cause the interior stress balance of glass destroyed and initiation potential when glass is subject to external force;
3, the using function of door and window largely wants the corresponding Hardware fitting such as closing page, handle and lockset to realize, and therefore the installation firmness of above-mentioned five metals just seems particularly important.But the installation of all kinds of Hardware fitting of aluminum current alloy door and window, cannot require according to corresponding functional requirement, material and the requirement such as threaded engagement of screw, arrange targetedly respectively, and the installation carrying out five metals can only be unified on relatively thin section bar wall thickness.The mounting points of five metals so certainly will be caused to become the weak spot of section bar, affect intensity and the stability of structure; And be the main cause that bar loosens, Hardware fitting loosens;
4, the cushion block of bar glass periphery and the material of fluid sealant easily aging and lose its original function, thus glass easily occur to loosen the danger of even dropping;
5, the position adjustments of glass when edge frame made of aluminum profiles internal fixtion is more difficult with control, to the production of glass and section bar and requirement on machining accuracy higher, therefore the gap often occurring glass and frame surrounding not etc., the phenomenon such as the plane of glass and frame is crooked, affect attractive in appearance with use;
6, because structure is limit (as above-mentioned 1st point), certain restriction is had, if it is larger to increase difficulty to the maximum permission scope of application of alumium alloy door and window at present;
7, be the tenesmus of opposing glass, the Mosaic face of section bar is usually all larger, directly causes the consumption of aluminium alloys to increase, causes the wasting of resources such as raw material and energy phenomenon comparatively general;
8, the individualized selection of outward appearance and material is relatively less, and local updating is more difficult.
In addition, aluminium alloy door's window glass installation structure of patent CN102220824 is substantially identical with above-mentioned specification, just in section bar, installs heat insulating strip additional, between forms and body of wall, adds blowing agent, improve heat insulation and soundproof effect, but above-mentioned defect still exists.
Aluminium alloy door's window glass installation structure of patent CN101915045 is substantially identical with above-mentioned specification, be only the improvement adhesive tape sealing structure and in very with the connected mode of frame, improve heat-insulation and heat-preservation and the theftproof performance of door and window, but above-mentioned defect still exists.
In above-mentioned specification and patent, the glass of alumium alloy door and window is installed and bearing structure has certain defect, and not solution and technical scheme targetedly, therefore relevant potential safety hazard exists all the time, also becomes a great problem always perplexing person skilled.
But along with the progress in epoch, the professional technique of all trades and professions is all in continuous renewal, and the demand of people to alumium alloy door and window is also growing on and on, but the core technology that effectively can promote alumium alloy door and window safety and convenience is still unresolved.Affect industrial upgrading for this type of, the problem of restriction energy-saving and environmental protection, efficiently modernization development, there is no more rational settling mode at present, and the present invention has filled up the blank in this field.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the defect overcoming prior art, and provides a kind of alumium alloy door and window.Fastening system in the present invention is a kind of dynamic generation, has the fastening system of stable prestressed structure.
Prestressing force [prestressingforce] generally refers in material making or in other object forming processes, in advance to the tensile region under its outer load effect, use compressive stress, the compressive stress constituent material drawn in advance or the prestressed structure of object that corresponding technology and technique are introduced.In material or object, introduce compressive stress, the technology and the technique that form stable prestressed structure are generally referred to as prestressing technique.The material or the object that have prestressed structure are commonly referred to as prestressed material or prestressing force object.
As everyone knows, the prestressed structure of material or object can improve the functional performance of material or object.The functional performance of material or object generally refers to the raising of himself rigidity, the lifting of self anti-shake performance, the enhancing of natural resiliency intensity, thus increases material or the durability of object and the safety in its use procedure.
Have existed since ancient times for prestressing technique, is that Chinese ancients take this apparatus performance of making the life better, and reinforces a kind of technique compensating working tool.As wooden barrel cuff (introducing prestressing force) can durable leakproof etc.Nearest five more than ten years, along with the continuous breakthrough of prestressing technique, prestressed structure obtains great application in fields such as buildings, and prestressed material also breaches the restriction of high strength steel etc., progressively high to intensity, change from non-metal types such as the large poly-carbon fiber of heavy and light, elastic membrane amount and polyester fiber classes.
But regrettably, prestressed material or object major applications so far is still also confined to the physical property field of improving material and object self.As prestressed material, its physical property no doubt has remarkable reinforcement, but its built-in stable prestressed structure must have it should have the innovation area of use.
Under the effect of external force, introduce the process of compressive stress in material or object, be commonly referred to as material or the built-in prestressed production process of object.Generally speaking, any elastomeric material, under the effect of external force, all can produce built-in prestressing force, the mechanism of external force, is exactly the process that the built-in prestressing force of elastomeric material produces.Implement to control to the dynamic process foreign object that the built-in prestressing force of elastomeric material produces, just form the built-in prestressed rock-steady structure of material or object.
The present invention uses elastic fastening assembly, produce external force by compressing assembly and compressive stress is introduced to it, and use the dynamic process that glass door forms are introduced to control compressive stress, finally form the stable prestressed structure of elastomeric material and glass door and window one, thus complete and reach the fastening effect of glass door and window.Because elastomeric material and glass door forms have the stable prestressed structure of one, overall physical property is strengthened greatly, thus the firmness of the fastening installation of glass door and window, stability, degree of safety and Discussing Convenience are also strengthened greatly.
The object of the invention is the deficiency solving aluminum current alloy door and window technology, a kind of exciting and controlling the dynamic production process of elastomeric material prestressing force is provided, form the stable prestressed structure of one between elastomeric material and glass door forms, thus complete and reach the fastening effect of glass door forms.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention discloses and a kind ofly fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, comprising the glass door forms be fixed in frame; Described frame comprises a compressing assembly and a fastening assembly, is oppressed described fastening assembly generated prestressing force and then fastening described glass door forms by coordinating of described compressing assembly and glass door forms.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described fastening assembly comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm of described glass door forms both sides, between two bow-shaped arms, sandwiched forms an enclosed space, described bow-shaped arm comprises one first arm of force is connected described first arm of force second arm of force with one, the junction of described first arm of force and described second arm of force forms a sliding-end, described first arm of force forms one by pressure side in the side away from described second arm of force, described second arm of force forms a fastening end in the side away from described first arm of force, the pressurized termination of described first arm of force by described compressing assembly compressing and coordinate described glass door forms to order about described first arm of force and second arm of force generates prestressing force.
The present invention improves further and is, described compressing assembly comprises one first pressure plare and one second pressure plare;
Described first pressure plare is arranged at the outside of first arm of force of described bow-shaped arm; Two of described bow-shaped arm is resisted against described second pressure plare by pressure side, and two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described glass door forms two sides;
Described first pressure plare and described second pressure plare offer the bolt hole of a plurality of correspondence respectively; Be fastened by bolts described first pressure plare and described second pressure plare; Described second pressure plare is oppressed two of described bow-shaped arm and is subject to pressure side to described first pressure plare direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described glass door forms, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described glass door forms of prestressing force.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the position that described glass door forms carry out a first direction and a second direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the described outside by pressure side forms limiting section, and described first pressure plare forms the stopper slot coordinated with described limiting section, and described limiting section is arranged in described stopper slot.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described frame also comprises escutcheon, the sidepiece of described escutcheon is formed with flanging, and described flanging clamp is located between first arm of force of described bow-shaped arm and described first pressure plare and then by described escutcheon fixed packet and is overlying on outside described fastening assembly.
Further improvement of the present invention is, forms limiting section outside described flanging, and described first pressure plare forms the stopper slot coordinated with described limiting section, and described limiting section is arranged in described stopper slot; The other end of described escutcheon forms mounting groove, is provided with weather strip in described mounting groove.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described glass door forms are the double-layer glass door forms being folded with section bar; Described section bar extends to form the junction plate that stretches out described glass door forms edge; Described fastening end against and be anchored on described junction plate two sides.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described second pressure plare is provided with a pad near the one side of described glass door forms.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the sliding-end of described bow-shaped arm is arc surface or inclined-plane.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the thickness of described second arm of force forms a gradual change from thick to thin from described sliding-end to described fastening end.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the bow-shaped arm of described fastening assembly extended to form a rotation positioning edge by pressure side, the described rotation positioning edge of the corresponding described fastening assembly of described second pressure plare is formed with rotation locating slot.
The present invention is owing to have employed above technical scheme, and the beneficial effect made it have is:
In structure of aluminum doors and windows of the present invention, oppress fastening assembly by compressing assembly together with the cooperation of glass door forms and generate prestressing force, glass door forms become the prestressed main control element of generation, what fastening assembly was selected is elastomeric material, it under external force, namely material internal forms stable prestressing force and stores, and with glass door forms, oppress the fastening system forming stable prestressing force and prestressing force feature together with assembly, its beneficial effect includes but not limited to:
1. glass and jamb are engaged the rigid unitary becoming " △ " shape by prestressed structure, in the implementation process that whole prestressing force is fastening, all can not produce, due to fastening, irregular compressing and surface deformation be caused to glass door forms, avoid the destruction of the internal stress of the existing planeness of the glass door forms that may cause due to the error of each component and the error of glass door forms itself and self equilibrium, greatly strengthen the intensity of whole aluminium alloy door window system, the ability of torsional property and opposing external force, thus effectively prevent the generation of the problems such as door and window tenesmus and distortion,
2, glass and prestressed member be engaged that to be plane stressed, but not section is stressed, and after occlusion, glass section and frame still leave certain space, have stopped section and have shelved a little to the destruction of glass internal stress; The biting connecions of uniqueness of the present invention is installed in addition, can the gravity of bearing glass effectively by the clamping of fastening assembly, and is no longer dependent on the setting of cushion block;
3, due to the employing of glass surrounding prestressed structure frame, make on the optional position of frame briquetting, all corresponding fastening point and fastening means can be set according to the fastening installation requirement of Hardware fitting, meet using function and the fastness requirement of Hardware fitting completely, no longer limit by section bar wall thickness;
4, glass and frame are that prestressed structure is engaged, understand in the permanent chucking power of elastomeric material intrinsic, and the rigid contact of fixture and glass can not be produced by the flexible spacer of rubber cushion, fluid sealant between glass and section bar only plays sealing function, can not cause the problems such as glass loosens because it is aging;
5, frame possesses two-dimensional adjustment space with being engaged of glass, and after regulating, fastening process glass does not produce displacement, and regulates arranging of space completely can the conventional error of coating workpieces; After clamping with the planeness of glass for benchmark carrys out the putting down of control gate sash frame and glass, faces skew error directly, feature that after clamping, it becomes to be integrated simultaneously ensure that the straight and stability accurately of bar;
6, frame and glass become to be integrated after prestressing force is engaged, no longer produce the change causing Plane Angle because of deadweight tenesmus, therefore the size of door and window and depth-width ratio example are no longer subject to section bar frame Mosaic face intensity and contend with the restriction of bearing down effect, and the scope of application and the limit of alumium alloy door and window are extended;
7, reasonable integral structure, compact and attractive in appearance, local, five metals installation place thickeies content with funtion requirement, and no longer need to consider anti-tenesmus feature, therefore without the need to increasing the Mosaic face of section bar, thus significantly reduce aluminium alloys consumption, the use of the resources such as the corresponding energy, manpower also can significantly reduce, very low-carbon (LC) and environmental protection;
8, the material of frame and shape etc. arrange the requirement being no longer subject to fastening Hardware fitting and limit, and fully can meet the needs of designing requirement and the secondary decoration pursuing individual character effect; As long as unclamp the occlusion of fastening assembly in addition, namely reducible each building block reset condition and reuse, change existing door and window processing one-shot forming irreversibly, realize with this good result that door and window outward appearance can change and damage easily renewal;
9. the present invention is in the implementation process that whole prestressing force is fastening, all oppress fastened assembly by tightening associated bolt and then make fastening assembly produce prestressing force, when concrete operations, by the design to the raw-material selection of each assembly and geometry in the design module in early stage, associated bolt only need be tightened the fastening force putting in place and can obtain presetting by later stage workman, the impact of the uncertain factors such as operating force need not be subject to, greatly reduce operating condition and technical requirements.
The present invention, having on the basis of the improvement of matter to the safety of prior art and convenience, also can reduce the use of the materials such as section bar and the saving of corresponding cost; In addition, reduction and the overall process of operating technology condition are controlled, effectively avoid doing over again and the scrapping, especially to the remarkable contribution that time shorten and cost of labor are saved of material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of alumium alloy door and window of the present invention;
The A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1 when Fig. 2 is first embodiment of the invention employing single-glass door and window body;
Fig. 3 is glass door forms in Fig. 2 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
Fig. 4 is glass door forms in Fig. 2 and connection structure of frame stereogram;
Fig. 5 is the exploded view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the floor map of fastening assembly in Fig. 3;
Fig. 7 is the schematic perspective view of fastening assembly in Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of the second pressure plare in Fig. 5;
Fig. 9 is the stereogram of the first pressure plare in Fig. 5;
Figure 10 is the arc-shaped deformation district compressive deformation schematic diagram of the fastening assembly of Fig. 2;
Figure 11 is frame and glass door forms fastener cycle principle schematic in alumium alloy door and window of the present invention;
Figure 12 is that first embodiment of the invention is when adopting single-glass door and window body and the A-A cross-sectional view of fastening assembly Fig. 1 when being split type;
Figure 13 is glass door forms in Figure 12 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
The A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1 that Figure 14 is the glass door forms of first embodiment of the invention when being double-layer glass door forms;
Figure 15 is glass door forms in Figure 14 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
Figure 16 is the glass door forms of first embodiment of the invention when being double-layer glass door forms and fastening assembly is split type time the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Figure 17 is glass door forms in Figure 16 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
Figure 18 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1 of second embodiment of the invention;
Figure 19 is glass door forms in Figure 18 and connection structure of frame plane exploded view;
Figure 20 is glass door forms in Figure 18 and connection structure of frame stereogram;
Figure 21 is glass door forms in Figure 18 and connection structure of frame three-dimensional exploded view;
Figure 22 is the stereogram of the escutcheon in Figure 21;
Figure 23 is the plan view of the escutcheon in Figure 21;
Figure 24 is that second embodiment of the invention is when adopting single-glass door and window body and be the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1 time split type;
Figure 25 is glass door forms in Figure 24 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
The A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1 that Figure 26 is the glass door forms of second embodiment of the invention when being double-layer glass door forms;
Figure 27 is glass door forms in Figure 26 and connection structure of frame exploded view;
Figure 28 is glass door forms in Figure 26 and connection structure of frame stereogram;
Figure 29 is glass door forms in Figure 26 and connection structure of frame three-dimensional exploded view;
Figure 30 is the glass door forms of second embodiment of the invention when being double-layer glass door forms and fastening assembly is split type time the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Figure 31 is glass door forms in Figure 30 and connection structure of frame exploded view.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
In the first preferred embodiment of the present invention, a kind of alumium alloy door and window of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1-3, comprise the glass door forms 2 be fixed in frame 3; Frame 3 comprises compressing assembly 31 and a fastening assembly 32, and compressing assembly 31 coordinates glass door forms 2 to oppress fastening assembly 32 to generate prestressing force and then fastening glass door forms 2.
Refer to Fig. 4-7, fastening assembly 32 comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm 321 of glass door forms 2 both sides, and its material should be selected has suitable intensity, has the material of certain elasticity and toughness concurrently, as metal, engineering plastics, macromolecular material etc. simultaneously, between two bow-shaped arms 321, sandwiched forms an enclosed space 320, bow-shaped arm 321 comprises one first arm of force 3211 is connected first arm of force 3,211 second arm of force 3212 with one, the junction of first arm of force 3211 and second arm of force 3212 forms a sliding-end 3213, this sliding-end 3213 in arc surface or inclined-plane can be less at the resistance ensureing to produce in slipping, first arm of force 3211 forms one by pressure side 3214 in the side away from second arm of force 3212, and the outside by pressure side 3214 forms limiting section 32141 and should extend to form a rotation positioning edge 3217 by pressure side 3214, second arm of force 3212 forms a fastening end 3215 in the side away from first arm of force 3211, fastening end 3215 is combined with a pressing plate 3216, the formation one press plate position the regulatory region 3218 and join domain of pressing plate 3216 and second arm of force 3212 caves inward, the small self-position of pressing plate 3216 can be realized by this press plate position regulatory region 3218 in fastener cycle to regulate, more entirely glass door forms 2 are attached to make it, the accepting the compressing of compressing assembly 31 by pressure side 3214 and coordinate glass door forms 2 to order about first arm of force 3211 and second arm of force 3212 generates prestressing force of first arm of force 3211.First arm of force 3211 is a short straight-arm in the present embodiment, second arm of force 3212 is an arched arm, and the thickness of second arm of force 3212 forms a gradual change from thick to thin from sliding-end 3213 to fastening end 3215, this kind of structure can ensure that whole arched arm fully and homogeneous deformation, not frangibility.Two bow-shaped arms 321 connect by arranging one first arc-shaped deformation district 3219 by between pressure side 3214 two, when first arm of force 3211 by pressure side 3214 pressurized time, first arc-shaped deformation district 3219 is forced into as linear pattern from arc, and the compressive deformation process in the first arc-shaped deformation district 3219 refers to Figure 10; The design in the first arc-shaped deformation district 3219 ensure that fastening assembly 32 has certain extension space; Two of fastening assembly 32 is formed with a plurality of bolt hole by the connecting hole coordinating the first pressure plare 311 and the second pressure plare 312 correspondence to be formed between pressure side 3214.Adhesive glue (as UV glue) or sandwiched double faced adhesive tape (as 3M glue) can be smeared between pressing plate 3216 and glass door forms 2 or pad and establish cushion pad (as sheet rubber).
Refer to Fig. 2-9, compressing assembly 31 comprises one first pressure plare 311 and one second pressure plare 312; First pressure plare 311 forms the stopper slot 3111 coordinated with limiting section 32141, and limiting section 32141 is arranged in stopper slot 3111.The surface middle part of the second pressure plare 312 coordinates and rotates positioning edge 3217 and be provided with two elongated rotation locating slots 3121, the radius of this rotation locating slot 3121 equals or slightly larger than rotating the radius of positioning edge 3217, like this when whole bar be in respectively prefastened with tightening state time, rotate positioning edge 3217 can effectively rotate locating slot 3121 inner position and rotate, two sliding-ends 3213 just can on the second pressure plare surface only along the displacement of bar thickness direction.
First pressure plare 311 is arranged at the outside of first arm of force 3211 of bow-shaped arm 321; Two of bow-shaped arm 321 is resisted against the second pressure plare 312 by pressure side 3214, and two fastening ends 3215 of bow-shaped arm 321 are resisted against glass door forms 2 two sides; Second pressure plare 312 is provided with a pad 4 near the one side of glass door forms 2, plays protection and blocks glass door forms 2 and the effect of frame 3 internal construction, make the outward appearance of alumium alloy door and window more attractive in appearance.
First pressure plare 311 and the second pressure plare 312 offer the bolt hole of a plurality of correspondence respectively; Be fastened by bolts the first pressure plare 311 and the second pressure plare 312, second pressure plare 312 is oppressed two of bow-shaped arm 321 and is subject to pressure side 3214 to the first pressure plare 311 direction displacement, two sliding-ends 3213 of bow-shaped arm 321 occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends 3215 of bow-shaped arm 321 are subject to the spacing of glass door forms 2, thus order about first arm of force 3211 and second arm of force 3212 generates the fastening glass door forms 2 of prestressing force.
In addition, can filling with sealant in the space between second arm of force 3212, glass door forms 2 and the second pressure plare 312, thus realize more stable fastening; Bypass channel can be offered, the prestressed impact that the employing of bypass channel prevents the expansion of fluid sealant in dry run to produce fastening assembly 32 on second arm of force 3212.
When glassing door and window body 2, the second pressure plare 312 being equiped with pad 4 is placed in the periphery of glass door forms 2, filling with sealant in enclosed space 320; Then be arranged at by first arm of force 3211 of fastening assembly 32 on compressing assembly 31, two fastening ends 3215 of bow-shaped arm 321 are resisted against glass door forms 2 two sides; The first pressure plare 311 is arranged at the outside of first arm of force 3211, limiting section 32141 is arranged in stopper slot 3111 again; Two sliding-ends 3213 of bow-shaped arm 321 are resisted against the first pressure plare 311, two of bow-shaped arm 321 is subject to pressure side 3214 to be resisted against the outer surface of the second pressure plare 312, by carrying out pretension through the bolt of the bolt hole of the first pressure plare 311, fastening assembly 32 and the second pressure plare 312 successively, glass door forms 2 carry out position adjustment by enclosed space 320, after adjusting to the right place in the position of glass door forms 2, by this bolton first pressure plare 311 and the second pressure plare 312 fastening to completing.Figure 11 is coordinated to further illustrate the operating principle of whole fastener cycle below, two of bow-shaped arm 321 is subject to pressure side 3214 under the contention effect of the second pressure plare 312 to the first pressure plare 311 direction displacement, by rotate positioning edge 3217 with rotation locating slot 3121 coordinate ensure that by pressure side 3214 in moving process only along the displacement of bar thickness direction, two bow-shaped arms 321 are controlled (constant) by distance between pressure side 3214 in fastener cycle, the inner surface that simultaneously two sliding-ends 3213 are resisted against the first pressure plare 311 occur mutually away from displacement, and there is displacement close to each other in two fastening ends 3215 until be resisted against the side of glass door forms 2, distance between the pressing plate 3216 of therefore two fastening ends 3215 is also controlled, its restraint location point on glass door forms 2 is also controlled, two are oppressed by pressure side 3214 to the first pressure plare 311 direction displacement further by the second pressure plare 312, and then order about two sliding-ends 3213 continue mutually away from, and two fastening ends 3215 are now resisted against the side of glass door forms 2 and are subject to spacing thus, there is deformation thus and generate prestressing force in first arm of force 3211 and second arm of force 3212, the glass door forms 2 so far with stable prestressed structure reach tightening state with frame 3, and glass door forms 2 obtain fastening.Same; when prestressing force needs to remove; as long as respective bolt is unclamped; non-tightening state before the deformation of bow-shaped arm 321 can return to; now prestressing force disappears automatically; the parts of whole alumium alloy door and window are all loss-free and reusable, have not only saved cost, also very environmental protection simultaneously.
Refer to Figure 12-13, according to the needs of actual installation, two bow-shaped arms 321 can be set to split type.
And when glass door forms 2 are double-layer glass door forms, the structure of alumium alloy door and window refers to Figure 14-15.The structure that now two bow-shaped arms 321 are set to split type alumium alloy door and window refers to Figure 16-17.
Refer to Figure 18 ~ 23, in the second preferred embodiment of the present invention, its primary structure is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is: frame 3 also comprises an escutcheon 34, escutcheon 34 is sheathed on outside fastening assembly 32, and is located between fastening assembly 32 and the first pressure plare 311.
Refer to Figure 18,22-23, the sidepiece of escutcheon 34 is formed with flanging 341, and flanging 341 is located between first arm of force 3211 of bow-shaped arm 321 and the first pressure plare 311 and then by escutcheon 34 fixed packet and is overlying on outside fastening assembly 32.Form limiting section 34114 outside flanging 341, the first pressure plare 311 forms the stopper slot 3111 coordinated with limiting section 3411, and limiting section 3411 is arranged in stopper slot 3111; The other end of escutcheon 34 forms mounting groove 3412, is provided with weather strip 3413 in mounting groove 3412.
Refer to Figure 24-25, according to the needs of actual installation, two bow-shaped arms 321 and escutcheon 34 can be set to split type.
Refer to Figure 26-29, and when glass door forms 2 are double-layer glass door forms, be folded with section bar 21 between double-layer glass door forms, section bar 21 extends to form the junction plate 211 that stretches out glass door forms 2 edge; Fastening end 3215 against and be anchored on junction plate 211 two sides.The structure of section bar 21 can be with reference to publication number: the Chinese invention application of 102619442A.
The structure that two bow-shaped arms 321 when glass door forms 2 are double-layer glass door forms and escutcheon 34 are set to split type alumium alloy door and window refers to Figure 30-31.
Below embodiment is to invention has been detailed description by reference to the accompanying drawings, and those of ordinary skill in the art can make many variations example to the present invention according to the above description.Thus, some details in embodiment should not form limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope that defines using appended claims as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. fasten a bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, comprise the glass door forms be fixed in frame; It is characterized in that, described frame comprises a compressing assembly and a fastening assembly, is oppressed described fastening assembly generated prestressing force and then fastening described glass door forms by coordinating of described compressing assembly and glass door forms.
2. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 1 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, described fastening assembly comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm of described glass door forms both sides, between two bow-shaped arms, sandwiched forms an enclosed space, described bow-shaped arm comprises one first arm of force is connected described first arm of force second arm of force with one, the junction of described first arm of force and described second arm of force forms a sliding-end, described first arm of force forms one by pressure side in the side away from described second arm of force, described second arm of force forms a fastening end in the side away from described first arm of force, the pressurized termination of described first arm of force by described compressing assembly compressing and coordinate described glass door forms to order about described first arm of force and second arm of force generates prestressing force.
3. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 2 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, described compressing assembly comprises one first pressure plare and one second pressure plare;
Described first pressure plare is arranged at the outside of first arm of force of described bow-shaped arm; Two of described bow-shaped arm is resisted against described second pressure plare by pressure side, and two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described glass door forms two sides;
Described first pressure plare and described second pressure plare offer the bolt hole of a plurality of correspondence respectively; Be fastened by bolts described first pressure plare and described second pressure plare; Described second pressure plare is oppressed two of described bow-shaped arm and is subject to pressure side to described first pressure plare direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described glass door forms, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described glass door forms of prestressing force.
4. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 3 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, the position that described glass door forms carry out a first direction and a second direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
5. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 4 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, the described outside by pressure side forms limiting section, and described first pressure plare forms the stopper slot coordinated with described limiting section, and described limiting section is arranged in described stopper slot.
6. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 4 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, described frame also comprises escutcheon, the sidepiece of described escutcheon is formed with flanging, and described flanging clamp is located between first arm of force of described bow-shaped arm and described first pressure plare and then by described escutcheon fixed packet and is overlying on outside described fastening assembly.
7. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 6 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, form limiting section outside described flanging, described first pressure plare forms the stopper slot coordinated with described limiting section, and described limiting section is arranged in described stopper slot; The other end of described escutcheon forms mounting groove, is provided with weather strip in described mounting groove.
8. a kind ofly as claimed in claim 7 fasten bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that, described glass door forms are the double-layer glass door forms being folded with section bar; Described section bar extends to form the junction plate that stretches out described glass door forms edge; Described fastening end against and be anchored on described junction plate two sides.
9. a kind of as described in any one of claim 4 ~ 8 fastens bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that described second pressure plare is provided with a pad near the one side of described glass door forms.
10. a kind of according to any one of claim 3 ~ 8 fastens bit architecture for alumium alloy door and window, it is characterized in that: the sliding-end of described bow-shaped arm is arc surface or inclined-plane.
CN201510677264.5A 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening positioning structure for aluminum alloy door and window CN105257156A (en)

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CN201510677261.1A CN105298325A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing plate structure of double-layer glass door window body
CN201510676061.4A CN105298321A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pre-stress arm structure of aluminum alloy door window
CN201510676062.9A CN105298322A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Installation structure of double-layer glass door window body
CN201510677328.1A CN105257157A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510676108.7A CN105298324A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Installation limiting structure of aluminum alloy door window
CN201510677235.9A CN105275329A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening and positioning structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510677309.9A CN105386693A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing plate structure used for aluminum alloy door/window
CN201510677363.3A CN105386694A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening position adjusting structure for aluminum alloy doors and windows
CN201510677354.4A CN105298326A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Double-layer glass door window body
CN201310181104.2A CN103306579B (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Alumium alloy door and window and assembly method thereof
CN201510677251.8A CN105386692A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pre-stress arm structure of double-layer glass door/window body
CN201510677384.5A CN105275330A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing component for installing an aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510676081.1A CN105257155A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame structure for aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510677397.2A CN105257159A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Assembling method of aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510677337.0A CN105257158A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Position limiting structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510677264.5A CN105257156A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening positioning structure for aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510677317.3A CN105257170A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame sealing structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510676065.2A CN105298323A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decorative frame sealing structure of aluminum alloy door window

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CN201510677261.1A CN105298325A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing plate structure of double-layer glass door window body
CN201510676061.4A CN105298321A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pre-stress arm structure of aluminum alloy door window
CN201510676062.9A CN105298322A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Installation structure of double-layer glass door window body
CN201510677328.1A CN105257157A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510676108.7A CN105298324A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Installation limiting structure of aluminum alloy door window
CN201510677235.9A CN105275329A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening and positioning structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510677309.9A CN105386693A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing plate structure used for aluminum alloy door/window
CN201510677363.3A CN105386694A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Fastening position adjusting structure for aluminum alloy doors and windows
CN201510677354.4A CN105298326A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Double-layer glass door window body
CN201310181104.2A CN103306579B (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Alumium alloy door and window and assembly method thereof
CN201510677251.8A CN105386692A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pre-stress arm structure of double-layer glass door/window body
CN201510677384.5A CN105275330A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Pressing component for installing an aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510676081.1A CN105257155A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame structure for aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510677397.2A CN105257159A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Assembling method of aluminum alloy door and window
CN201510677337.0A CN105257158A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Position limiting structure of double-layer glass door and window body

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CN201510677317.3A CN105257170A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decoration frame sealing structure of double-layer glass door and window body
CN201510676065.2A CN105298323A (en) 2013-05-16 2013-05-16 Decorative frame sealing structure of aluminum alloy door window

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CN105298321A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105386692A (en) 2016-03-09
CN103306579A (en) 2013-09-18
CN103306579B (en) 2016-03-02
CN105386693A (en) 2016-03-09
WO2014183606A1 (en) 2014-11-20
CN105275329A (en) 2016-01-27
CN105298322A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105257157A (en) 2016-01-20
CN105298324A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105257170A (en) 2016-01-20
CN105298326A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105298325A (en) 2016-02-03
CN105257159A (en) 2016-01-20
CN105386694A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105257155A (en) 2016-01-20
CN105275330A (en) 2016-01-27
CN105257158A (en) 2016-01-20

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