CN105256921A - Modularized light timberwork environment-friendly and energy-saving wall - Google Patents

Modularized light timberwork environment-friendly and energy-saving wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105256921A
CN105256921A CN201510739035.1A CN201510739035A CN105256921A CN 105256921 A CN105256921 A CN 105256921A CN 201510739035 A CN201510739035 A CN 201510739035A CN 105256921 A CN105256921 A CN 105256921A
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plate
wall column
built
reinforcement
wall
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CN201510739035.1A
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CN105256921B (en
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张延年
汪青杰
郑怡
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a modularized light timberwork environment-friendly and energy-saving wall. The wall is mainly composed of wall studs, built-in reinforcing straw boards, fill-in cotton wool, wall surface straw boards and the like, and the built-in reinforcing straw boards are arranged between the adjacent wall studs and are uniformly arranged from top to bottom. The modularized light timberwork environment-friendly and energy-saving wall has the effects and the advantages that connecting parts are high in integration, the wall is good in heat preservation effect, waste is turned into treasure, the wall is good in durability, high in bearing capacity, convenient to construct and good in economic effect, complex operation in a construction process is avoided, and the cost is greatly reduced.

Description

Modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, particularly relate to a kind of modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall.
Background technology
According to statistics, builing industry consume on the earth about 50% the energy, the water resource of 42%, the material of 50% and 48% arable land.Cause disruption of ecological balance, create the whole world 24% air pollution, the greenhouse effect of 50%, the pollution of waterhead of 40% and 50% CFC etc.
Green building is curbed environmental pollution in China, energy-saving and emission-reduction, play vital effect in industry restructuring.Past, China was in Development of Green Building, an emphasis steel work and concrete structure and have ignored wooden construction green building.The non-renewable unsustainable property of steel, cement, plastics clearly.The building materials that present developed country has generally acknowledged Wood construction and utilized agricultural wastes to process are correct directions of building industry sustainable development, but the extensive use that department of the Chinese government and various circles of society build for Novel wooden also also exist a lot of mistaken ideas.
For this reason, be necessary to carry out systematic research and development for wooden construction green building and industrialization thereof, make China's building industry really realize the green, capable of circulation, sustainable of overall process.
Ancient and modern timber buildings, start the arena stage getting back to builing industry gradually, mainly timber buildings has the advantages such as huge sustainable development: 1. green: forest often grows one cubic metre of timber, the carbon dioxide in Absorbable rod air about 850 kilograms.And produce one cubic metre of steel discharge carbon dioxide 12 tons, a cubic meter of concrete discharge carbon dioxide 3 tons.In addition, contain a large amount of polyphenol powdes in timber buildings room air and be called as the vitaminic anion of air, the useful people are physically and mentally healthy.2. energy-conservation: the properties of heat preservation and energy saving of wooden frame structure is better than any other form of structure.The insulation value of timber is higher than concrete 16 times, higher than steel 400 times, higher than aluminium 1600 times.3. environmental protection: timber be natural can growth material, large 120 times of the damage ratio timber of steel to water.4. anti-seismic performance: wooden construction has superior pliability, good ductility and energy dissipation capacity.Even if strong earthquake makes whole building depart from its basis, its structure is also often intact.Wooden construction toughness is large, and destroying for moment impact load and Cyclic fatigue has very strong resistivity, and in all structures, have best shock resistance, this point obtains sufficient proof in many large earthquake centres.5. durability: timber is a kind of stable, the life-span is long, durability is strong material.China's Wood construction in numerous ancient times experienced by the hardships precipitation of more than one thousand years, still stands erect.External a large amount of wooden house, employs the centuries, still plays using function preferably.6. fire resistance: the wooden construction through flame treatment has charing effect, its low conductivity can effectively stop flame inwardly to spread, thus ensures that whole wooden construction is not damaged in for a long time.7. flexible design, utilization rate are high: compare with masonry structure with steel work, concrete structure, the type of attachment of wooden construction is the most various, and space layout is the most flexible, and utilization rate is the highest.8. construct: the construction period of wooden construction is the shortest, and weatherproof, can construct any time.
Timber buildings not only has huge sustainable development advantage, and has enormous industrial advantage: 1. assembling rate is high: concrete structure is difficult to more than 80%, and wooden construction can reach 100%.2. standardization, general rate are high: Structural Laminated Wood material list one, and standardization, generalization degree are higher than concrete structure.3. job-shop automation level is high: wooden construction workability is strong, and the percent of automatization that workshop component is produced is far above concrete structure.4. processing cost is low: wood structures without the need to mould, pouring & maintenance, processing save time, saving of labor, save money.5. machining accuracy is high: wooden construction process all adopts lathe program control operation, and machining accuracy is high.6. cost of transportation is low: wooden construction not only quality is light, and profile is more regular, without a large amount of exposed steel bars.7. assembling speed is fast: assembling concrete structure still needs a large amount of wet trades, and by comparison, the wooden construction construction period can shorten several times.8. workman requires low: concrete structure assembling needs large quantities of high-quality professional contingent, a large amount of precisely operation, grouting and cast-in-place.Especially a large amount of bar connecting, operation easier is large.And the fitting operation of wooden construction significantly simplifies.9. large component general assembly: because wooden construction quality is light, more regular, therefore can adopt large component general assembly, industrialization degree is higher.
China is in the period of history of industrialization, urbanization and new countryside construction fast development, deeply advances building energy conservation, accelerates development green building and be faced with rare historic opportunities.Realize the great demand that the industrialization of modern wood structure green building has become national sustainable development.
Natural straw, wheat straw are inexhaustible renewable resources, it does not produce environmentally harmful material in manufacturing process, and when it completes application target and is removed, still can " green " go back to nature, due to its structure and shaping characteristic, determine its ecological dominance, it is good green ecological building materials.Adopt natural straw and wheat straw to be processed into careless plate and have good intensity, anti-impact force is strong, thermal insulation, and sound insulation value is good, and has flame resistant ability, belongs to difficult combustion building materials.
Summary of the invention
In order to reduce the construction sequence in wooden construction assembling process, wooden construction and heat-preserving wall thereof are carried out modularization integrated, mainly for developing, a kind of good integrity, power transmission are clear and definite, simple structure, safe and reliable, the modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall of saving material and easy construction, effectively can solve the problems such as stressed, the cost of wooden construction node and construction.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
Modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall comprise end wall column, wall column, built-in reinforcement grass plate, in fill out cotton, metope grass plate, bottom girder plate, raising-plate, corner strengthen wall column, waterproof ventilated membrane, downstream plate and decoration panel, it is characterized in that:
At the two ends of modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, end wall column is set respectively, wall column is evenly arranged between the end wall column at two ends, at the wall column place, end having body of wall corner, corner is set and strengthens wall column, the careless plate of built-in reinforcement is set between adjacent wall column, at modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, bottom girder plate and raising-plate is set respectively up and down; Arrange the careless plate of built-in reinforcement between end wall column, wall column respectively, built-in reinforcement grass plate arranges multilayer from the inside to the outside, and the careless plate of the built-in reinforcement of multilayer fits tightly; The careless plate of built-in reinforcement respectively from top to bottom more to be arranged, and every trestle column is 3 ~ 10 times of careless plate height of built-in reinforcement; Cotton is filled out in filling between the careless plate of upper and lower built-in reinforcement; End wall column, wall column, built-in reinforcement grass plate, in fill out cotton, bottom girder plate, raising-plate, corner strengthen wall column and form the body of wall of load-bearing, and arrange metope grass plate in its both side surface; Waterproof ventilated membrane, downstream plate and decoration panel is set gradually from inside to outside outside metope grass plate in outdoor side; Plate and wall column one_to_one corresponding downstream.
It is mutual vertical with end wall column and be close to that described corner strengthens wall column.
The described careless plate of built-in reinforcement is from top to bottom uniformly distributed, and is no less than 2 layers of careless plate of built-in reinforcement from inside to outside.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Effect of the present invention and advantage are the integrated height of connector, high insulating effect, turn waste into wealth, excellent in durability, bearing capacity are high, easy construction, good economical benefit, avoid the complex operations in work progress, significantly reduce cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall front schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall A-A generalized section of the present invention.
In figure: 1 end wall column; 1.1 is wall column; 2 is the careless plate of built-in reinforcement; 3 be in fill out cotton; 4 is metope grass plate; 5 is bottom girder plate; 6 is raising-plate; 7 is corner reinforcement wall column; 8 is waterproof ventilated membrane; 9 is plate downstream; 10 is decoration panel.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Embodiment: as Figure 1-Figure 2, modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall comprises end wall column 1, wall column 1.1, the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement, inside fill out cotton 3, metope grass plate 4, bottom girder plate 5, raising-plate 6, corner strengthens wall column 7, waterproof ventilated membrane 8, plate 9 and decoration panel 10 downstream, at the two ends of modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, end wall column 1 is set respectively, wall column 1.1 is evenly arranged between the end wall column 1 at two ends, at end wall column 1 place having body of wall corner, corner is set and strengthens wall column 7, the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement is set between adjacent wall column 1.1, at modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, bottom girder plate 5 and raising-plate 6 are set up and down respectively, arrange the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement between end wall column 1, wall column 1.1 respectively, the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement arranges multilayer from the inside to the outside, and the careless plate 2 of the built-in reinforcement of multilayer fits tightly, the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement respectively from top to bottom more to be arranged, and every trestle column is 3 ~ 10 times of careless plates 2 height of built-in reinforcement, cotton 3 is filled out in filling between the careless plate 2 of upper and lower built-in reinforcement, end wall column 1, wall column 1.1, the careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement, in fill out cotton 3, bottom girder plate 5, raising-plate 6, corner strengthen wall column 7 and form the body of wall of load-bearing, and arrange metope grass plate 4 in its both side surface, waterproof ventilated membrane 8, downstream plate 9 and decoration panel 10 is set gradually from inside to outside outside metope grass plate 4 in outdoor side, plate 9 and wall column 1 one_to_one corresponding downstream.
It is mutual vertical with end wall column 1 and be close to that described corner strengthens wall column 7.
The careless plate 2 of described built-in reinforcement is from top to bottom uniformly distributed, and is no less than 2 layers of careless plate 2 of built-in reinforcement from inside to outside.

Claims (3)

1. a modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, comprise end wall column (1), wall column (1.1), the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2), inside fill out cotton (3), metope grass plate (4), bottom girder plate (5), raising-plate (6), corner strengthens wall column (7), waterproof ventilated membrane (8), plate (9) and decoration panel (10) downstream, it is characterized in that: at the two ends of modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, end wall column (1) is set respectively, wall column (1.1) is evenly arranged between the end wall column (1) at two ends, at end wall column (1) place having body of wall corner, corner is set and strengthens wall column (7), between adjacent wall column (1.1), the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) is set, at modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall, bottom girder plate (5) and raising-plate (6) are set up and down respectively, between end wall column (1), wall column (1.1), the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) is set respectively, the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) arranges multilayer from the inside to the outside, and the careless plate of the built-in reinforcement of multilayer (2) fits tightly, the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) respectively many rows from top to bottom, every trestle column be 3 ~ 10 times of careless plates of built-in reinforcement (2) highly, cotton (3) is filled out in filling between the careless plate of upper and lower built-in reinforcement (2), end wall column (1), wall column (1.1), the careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2), in fill out cotton (3), bottom girder plate (5), raising-plate (6), corner strengthen wall column (7) and form the body of wall of load-bearing, and arrange metope grass plate (4) in its both side surface, metope grass plate (4) outside in outdoor side sets gradually waterproof ventilated membrane (8), downstream plate (9) and decoration panel (10) from inside to outside, plate (9) and wall column (1) one_to_one corresponding downstream.
2. modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it is mutual vertical with end wall column (1) and be close to that described corner strengthens wall column (7).
3. modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) is from top to bottom uniformly distributed, is no less than 2 layers of careless plate of built-in reinforcement (2) from inside to outside.
CN201510739035.1A 2015-11-04 2015-11-04 Modularization cork wood structure environmental protection energy-saving wall Expired - Fee Related CN105256921B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105926840A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Modular wood structure board and processing method thereof
CN105971114A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 wallboardrvation and sound insulation bearing wood wall board and construction method of T-shaped wall
CN105971186A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 Modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard and construction method of T-shaped wall and cross wall through modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard
CN105971151A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 Modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard and construction method of L-shaped wall
CN106149963A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-11-23 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass plate sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard
CN106284738A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and corner method of attachment thereof
CN108316465A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-24 上海瀚太钢膜结构建筑有限公司 Timber structure modularization energy efficient building

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CN200999400Y (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-01-02 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Wooden wall bone structural composite wall
CN201033909Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-03-12 刘建军 Lightweight insulation acoustic celotex board
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CN102912894A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-02-06 沈阳建筑大学 Sandwich wall with straw insulation boards
CN104790585A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-22 沈阳建筑大学 Thermal insulation wallboard of wooden structure building and preparation method of thermal insulation wallboard
CN205206089U (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization cork wood structural ring protects energy -conserving wall

Patent Citations (10)

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EP0648304B1 (en) * 1991-09-24 2001-11-28 Building Solutions Pty. Ltd Building panel and buildings using the panel
CN200999400Y (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-01-02 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Wooden wall bone structural composite wall
CN201033909Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-03-12 刘建军 Lightweight insulation acoustic celotex board
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105971114A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 wallboardrvation and sound insulation bearing wood wall board and construction method of T-shaped wall
CN105971186A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 Modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard and construction method of T-shaped wall and cross wall through modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard
CN105971151A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 沈阳建筑大学 Modular grass plate sound insulation bearing wood wallboard and construction method of L-shaped wall
CN106149963A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-11-23 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass plate sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard
CN105971151B (en) * 2016-05-26 2019-02-01 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass plate sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and L shape wall method of construction
CN105971114B (en) * 2016-05-26 2019-03-22 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and T shape wall method of construction
CN105971186B (en) * 2016-05-26 2019-06-28 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass plate sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and its T shape and cross wall method of construction
CN105926840A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Modular wood structure board and processing method thereof
CN106284738A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and corner method of attachment thereof
CN106284738B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-12-07 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and its corner connection method
CN108316465A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-24 上海瀚太钢膜结构建筑有限公司 Timber structure modularization energy efficient building

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