CN105254249A - Ultra-high-performance cement-based bridge deck slab poured with ultra-high-performance cement-based composite materials - Google Patents

Ultra-high-performance cement-based bridge deck slab poured with ultra-high-performance cement-based composite materials Download PDF

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CN105254249A
CN105254249A CN201510713619.1A CN201510713619A CN105254249A CN 105254249 A CN105254249 A CN 105254249A CN 201510713619 A CN201510713619 A CN 201510713619A CN 105254249 A CN105254249 A CN 105254249A
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cement
performance
ultra
aggregate
decking
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赵正
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Zhejiang Hongzhi Tai Nike new Mstar Technology Ltd
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Shanghai Royang Innovative Material Technologies Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to an ultra-high-performance cement-based bridge deck slab poured with ultra-high-performance cement-based composite materials. The cement-based bridge deck slab meets the conditions that H/B<=0.03, h/B<=0.025, H>=h+15 mm, 1<=L/B<=4, B1, B2 and B4>=30 mm, B3>=40 mm, b/B=0.05-0.15, b<=L1<=b+B1, the reinforcement ratio of the middle section of the bridge deck slab is 1%-10%, the reinforcement ratio of the reinforcing sections on the two sides of the bridge deck slab is 5%-15%, the rib material yield strength is larger than or equal to 400 MPa, and the self weight is smaller than or equal to 240 kg/m<2>. According to the ultra-high-performance cement-based bridge deck slab poured with the ultra-high-performance cement-based composite materials, due to the fact that the cement-based composite materials with the ultra-high strength and high-strength rib materials are adopted, not only is the high bearing capacity achieved, but also the advantages that the self weight is small (only accounts for 20%-40% of that of an ordinary reinforced concrete bridge deck slab), the fatigue resistance, the corrosion resistance and the long life (the theoretical life can be more than 150 years) are achieved, installation is quick, time and labor are saved (the construction amount and the construction period are both reduced by 50%-70% than those of the ordinary reinforced concrete bridge deck slab) are achieved, and the cement-based bridge deck slab can be applied to new projects of small-medium bridges or existing bridge upgrading projects in the fields of roads, railways and the like.

Description

The ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking, in particular, relate to a kind of ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious.
Background technology
Decking are also known as carriageway plate, and general Steel Concrete or the steel of adopting are built, and are the load larrying member of directly bearing vehicle wheel load and environmental load, are also affect the most direct component by unfavorable factors such as overload, corrosion and fatigue.Reinforced concrete bridge deck plate is the principal mode of current medium and small span bridge beam bridge panel, and its advantage is simplicity of design, good economy performance, but its shortcoming is also very remarkable, as thickness large (200 ~ 280mm), from great (500 ~ 700kg/m 2), cause the substructure quantities comprising foundation works large, construction period is longer; Fatigue performance is poor, easily produces fatigue crack, become the approach that extraneous etching medium (as chlorion, vitriol etc.) infiltrates under wheel load (especially overloaded vehicle) repeated stock effect; Poor durability, the anti-carbonation properties of normal concrete self, anti-permeability performance, resistance to cleavage are not enough, decking are caused just to produce the diseases such as crack, carbonization, steel bar corrosion when reaching far away life, later stage needs the maintenance cost of great number, and the maintenance cost of some engineerings has even exceeded construction cost.Therefore bridge construction is in the urgent need to from heavy and light, antifatigue, corrosion-resistant, high life, novel bridge panel easily of constructing.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the object of the invention is to propose a kind of ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is solved by following technical scheme:
A kind of ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious of the present invention, comprise decking interlude and both sides strengthening segment, this cement based decking interlude height is set to h, both sides strengthening segment height is set to H, decking width is set to B, decking length is set to L, and both sides strengthening segment bottom width is set to b, and interlude longitudinal bar spacing is set to B 1, strengthening segment upper strata, both sides longitudinal bar spacing is set to B 2, both sides strengthening segment lower floor longitudinal bar spacing is set to B 3, interlude horizontal bar and both sides strengthening segment transverse bar spacing are set to B 4, both sides strengthening segment horizontal bar length is set to L 1, meet: H/B≤0.03; H/B≤0.025; H>=h+15mm; 1≤L/B≤4; B 1, B 2, B 4>=30mm; B 3>=40mm; B/B=0.05 ~ 0.15; B≤L 1≤ b+B 1;
Described ultra high performance cementitious comprises gelling material, admixture and water, described gelling material is cement and mineral admixture, to be strength grade be described cement 42.5 and above PI, PII or PO code name cement, the present invention is not precluded within particular cases, uses the cement of other types to be prepared high performance cement-based material according to method of the present invention; Described mineral admixture is two or three of silicon ash, flyash or breeze;
Wherein, cement consumption accounts for 20 ~ 70% of ultra high performance cementitious volume, and described mineral admixture accounts for 10 ~ 60% of ultra high performance cementitious volume;
The proportioning mark of each component of described gelling material carries out numerical analysis by the desirable particle diameter cumulative distribution curve piling up curve and each component of gelling material;
1) described ideal accumulation curve equation is:
P sd=A+(100-A)·(d/D max) π/2θ
Wherein, P sdfor particle is by the per-cent of sieve aperture, A is empirical constant, and d is sieve diameter, D maxfor the maximum particle diameter of particle;
The value of empirical constant A requires to be determined by formula according to the design slump of ultra high performance cementitious or design divergence:
As h≤220mm, A=5h/h 0,
As h > 220mm, and A=5 (l-h]/h 0,
L is divergence design load, and h is slump design load, h 0for the height 300mm of slump bucket;
2) the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of each component of gelling material:
To component cement required in gelling material, silicon ash, flyash and breeze after tested obtain respective cumulative distribution curve f c(d), f sf(d), f fa(d) and f bs(d);
3) numerical analysis is as follows:
If the volume fraction that cement accounts for binder total amount is X c, the silicon ash volume fraction that accounts for binder total amount is X sf, the flyash volume fraction that accounts for binder total amount is X fathe volume fraction accounting for binder total amount with breeze is X bs, and meet X c∈ [0.250,0.875], (X sf+ X fa+ X bs) ∈ [0.125,0.750], X c+ X sf+ X fa+ X bs=1;
After setting mixing, the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of gelling material is:
P=X cf c(d)+X sff sf(d)+X faf fa(d)+X bsf bs(d),
To the volume fraction X of each component c, X sf, X faand X bswith 0.001 ~ 0.01 for step-length, exhaustive computations P in respective span, comparison curves P and P sd, calculate the standard deviation of the X-coordinate particle diameter d corresponding to identical ordinate zou, get the X that standard deviation is minimum c, X sf, X faand X bsbe worth each component proportion mark as gelling material; When use two kinds of mineral admixtures, then need to omit massfraction corresponding to adulterant and distribution curve that do not have to use;
The filler of corresponding non-gelling activity, as stone flour, because its particle diameter drops on the particle size interval of adulterant substantially, when some occasion needs to use, can carry out calculating volume fraction according to the method for calculation of above-mentioned mineral admixture;
The consumption of water and the mass ratio W/B of gelling material are 0.1 ~ 0.4, and wherein W represents the consumption of water, and B represents gelling material quality;
After mixing and stirring by the ultra high performance cementitious calculating the preparation of gained proportioning, flowability properties is as follows:
Slump GB/T50080: >=10mm;
Or divergence GB/T50080: >=450mm;
The value of divergence is only just tested when high fluidity and slump > 220mm, and now concrete flowability is as the criterion with divergence;
After hardened material, performance is as follows:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d: >=170MPa.
As preferred technical scheme:
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, described ordinate zou is chosen according to maximum value 100% decile, at least gets 5 values; Described W/B is 0.12 to 0.28; Described cement meets GB " general purpose portland cement " GB175; Described silicon ash meets " mortar and the reinforcement of concrete silicon ash " GB/T27690; Described flyash meets " for cement and concrete flyash " GB/T1596; Described breeze meets " GBFS in cement and concrete " GB/T18046; Water meets " the reinforcement of concrete water quality standard " JGJ63; Described admixture is one or several the combination of water reducer, defoamer, thickening material, hardening accelerator, retardant or economization agent, the water reducer of water-reducing rate more than 25% selected by water reducer, volume is 0.5% ~ 5% of described gelling material quality, defoamer volume is 0.08% ~ 2% of gelling material, thickening material volume is 0.005% ~ 0.5% of gelling material, retardant volume is cement material 0.005% ~ 1.5%, and economization agent volume is 0.1% ~ 5% of gelling material.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, the water-reducing rate of described water reducer is more than 30%, and volume is 0.8% ~ 3% of described gelling material quality
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, also add aggregate in described ultra high performance cementitious, are the mixture of fine aggregate or fine aggregate and coarse aggregate; The volume ratio of described aggregate and described gelling material is 0.5 ~ 2.5;
Fine aggregate is natural sand or artificial sand, and fineness modulus is 1.2 ~ 3.5, and tap density is 1.1 ~ 2.1g/cm 3; Apparent density is 1.8 ~ 3.0g/cm 3;
Coarse aggregate is rubble or cobble, and particle diameter is 5 ~ 15mm; Tap density is 1.1 ~ 2.1g/cm 3; Apparent density is 1.8 ~ 3.0g/cm 3;
For using the aggregate of continuous grading, during the mixture of preparation fine aggregate and coarse aggregate, calculate the sand coarse aggregate ratio value that coarse aggregate space just in time filled by fine aggregate, with the ratio of this sand coarse aggregate ratio value determination coarse aggregate and fine aggregate;
For the aggregate using gap grading, the ratio of aggregate carries out numerical analysis by the desirable cumulative distribution curve piling up curve and various aggregate;
1) described accumulation curve equation is:
P sdA=b+(100-b)·(d A/D Amax) π/2θ
Wherein, P sdAfor particles of aggregates is by the per-cent of sieve aperture, b is aggregate empirical constant, d afor aggregate sieve diameter, D amaxfor the maximum particle diameter of particles of aggregates;
The value of empirical constant b requires to be determined by formula according to the slump of ultra high performance cementitious or divergence:
As h≤220mm, b=5h/h 0,
As > 220mm, b=5 (l-h)/h 0,
L is divergence design load, and h is slump design load, h 0for the height 300mm of slump bucket;
2) the particle cumulative distribution curve of various aggregate:
Through screening test, respective cumulative distribution curve f is obtained to sand required in aggregate and stone sm(d) and f rn(d);
F smd () is m# graded sand, m=1 ~ 5;
F rnd () is n# grating stone, n=1 ~ 5; When not needing stone, then do not consider the cumulative distribution curve of stone;
3) numerical analysis is as follows:
If the volume fraction that m# graded sand accounts for aggregate total amount is X sm, and the n# grating stone volume fraction that accounts for aggregate total amount be X rn, and meet;
After setting mixing, the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of aggregate is:
P A=ΣXsmfsm(d)+ΣXrnfrn(d);
To the volume fraction X of each component smand X rnwith 0.001 ~ 0.05 for step-length, exhaustive computations P in respective span a, comparison curves P aand P sdA, calculate the X-coordinate particle diameter d corresponding to identical ordinate zou astandard deviation, get the X that standard deviation is minimum smand X rnbe worth each component proportion mark as aggregate.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, described ordinate zou is chosen according to maximum value 100% decile, at least gets 5 values; The fineness modulus of described fine aggregate is 2.4 ~ 2.8; Described rubble is basalt or grouan.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, also fiber is added in described ultra high performance cementitious, described fiber is steel fiber or non-metallic fibers, non-metallic fibers is polyvinyl alcohol fiber, polyethylene fibre, polypropylene fibre, polyacrylonitrile fibre, trevira, nylon fiber, cellulosic fibre, carbon fiber, glass fibre or basalt fibre, accounts for 0.05% ~ 5% of described ultra high performance cementitious volume; The diameter of described fiber is 15 ~ 1000 μm, and staple length is 1 ~ 100mm.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude and both sides strengthening segment adopt reinforcing bar, steel strand or fibre composite reinforcement to carry out arrangement of reinforcement, the interlude ratio of reinforcement 1% ~ 10%, the both sides strengthening segment ratio of reinforcement 5% ~ 15%; Described reinforcing bar, steel strand yield strength >=400MPa; Described fibre composite reinforcement tensile strength >=800MPa; Described fibre composite reinforcement adopts the one or more combination of organic synthetic fibers, glass fibre, carbon fiber, basalt fibre and resin to make.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude horizontal bar and both sides strengthening segment horizontal bar lap length are greater than 1.5B 1; Overlap adopts colligation or welding process to connect.
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of the present invention, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight≤240kg/m 2.
Beneficial effect:
(1) deadweight is comparatively light, only has 20% to 40% of ordinary reinforced concrete decking; Manufacture, easy construction, quantities and duration reduce 50% to 70% than conventional steel bar concrete decking;
(2) deadweight of ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking is little, can greatly reduce bridge dead load, makes the substructure quantities comprising foundation works reduce 15% to 40%;
(3) ultra high performance cementitious dense micro-structure, there is outstanding corrosion resistance nature, anti-carbonation properties, strong to the provide protection of interior tendon material, the carbonization speed of ultra high performance cementitious only has 1/40 of normal concrete, steel bar corrosion speed only has 1/25 of normal concrete;
(4) there is good antifatigue, antidetonation and endurance quality, long service life (theoretical life-span can reach more than 150 years), greatly reduce structural maintenance expense (can realize non-maintaining in 20 years, in 50 years without overhaul).
Accompanying drawing explanation
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking cross sectional representation when Fig. 1 is B=2500 ~ 3500mm, L/B=2 ~ 3;
Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking cross sectional representation when Fig. 2 is B=3500 ~ 4500mm, L/B=2.5 ~ 3.5.
In figure, 1 is ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interludes; 2 is ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking both sides strengthening segments; S 1that interlude indulges muscle; S 2that muscle is indulged on strengthening segment upper strata, both sides; S 3that both sides strengthening segment lower floor indulges muscle; S 4it is interlude horizontal bar; S 5both sides strengthening segment horizontal bars; H is interlude thickness; H is both sides strengthening segment thickness; B is decking width; B 1it is interlude longitudinal bar spacing; B 2it is strengthening segment upper strata, both sides longitudinal bar spacing; B 3it is both sides strengthening segment lower floor longitudinal bar spacing; B is both sides strengthening segment bottom widths; L 1both sides strengthening segment horizontal bar length.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, set forth the present invention further.Should be understood that these embodiments are only not used in for illustration of the present invention to limit the scope of the invention.In addition should be understood that those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications the present invention, and these equivalent form of values fall within the application's appended claims limited range equally after the content of having read the present invention's instruction.
Embodiment 1
The ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious, wherein:
H=65mm、h=45mm、B=2900mm、L=7200mm、B 1=40mm、B 2=40mm、B 3=50mm、B 4=40mm、b=250mm、L 1=260mm;
Ultra high performance cementitious, comprises gelling material, water and water reducer, and cement volume accounts for 20%, described cement to be strength grade be 52.5 PI cement, described mineral admixture is silicon ash and flyash, accounts for 54%.
The proportioning mark of cement, silicon ash and flyash carries out numerical analysis by desirable accumulation curve and its particle diameter cumulative distribution curve;
1) described ideal accumulation curve equation is:
P sd=A+(100-A)·(d/D max) π/2θ
Wherein, P sdfor particle is by the per-cent of sieve aperture, A is empirical constant, and d is sieve diameter, D maxfor the maximum particle diameter of particle;
The value of empirical constant A requires to be determined by formula according to the design slump of ultra high performance cementitious or design divergence:
Slump GB/T50080:140mm; The height h of slump bucket 0for 300mm;
=2.333;
2) the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of each component of gelling material:
To cement, silicon ash and flyash after tested obtain respective cumulative distribution curve f c(d), f sf(d) and f fa(d); In gelling material, the maximum particle diameter of cement is greater than other two kinds of gelling material, so D maxget the maximum particle diameter 110 of cement μm.
3) numerical analysis is as follows:
If the volume fraction that cement accounts for binder total amount is X c, the silicon ash volume fraction that accounts for binder total amount is X sfthe volume fraction accounting for binder total amount with flyash is X fa, and meet X c∈ [0.250,0.875], (X sf+ X fa) ∈ [0.125,0.750], X c+ X sf+ X fa=1;
After setting mixing, the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of gelling material is:
P=X cf c(d)+X sff sf(d)+X faf fa(d),
To the volume fraction X of each component c, X sfand X fawith 0.001 for step-length, exhaustive computations P in respective span, comparison curves P and P sd, get 5 Along ents in maximum value on the vertical scale, calculate the standard deviation of the X-coordinate particle diameter d corresponding to identical ordinate zou, compare as calculated and obtain the minimum X of standard deviation c=0.270, X sf=0.365, X fa=0.519, respectively as the proportioning mark of cement, silicon ash and flyash;
The consumption of water and the mass ratio W/B of gelling material are 0.121, and wherein W represents the consumption of water, and B represents gelling material quality.
Use polycarboxylate water-reducer, pulvis, water-reducing rate 30%, consumption is 2.2% of gelling material.
The consumption of main materials of ultra high performance cementitious, volume percent is as follows:
Each material usage of ultra high performance cementitious, mass ratio is as follows:
It is as follows that ultra high performance cementitious refers to that material mixes and stirs rear flowability properties:
Slump GB/T50080:140mm;
After sclerosis, performance reaches following index:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d:188MPa.
Water and build up cross section ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking as shown in Figure 1, wherein S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4, S 5be HRB500 reinforcing bar, S 1, S 4, S 5diameter is 8mm, S 2diameter is 12mm, S 3diameter is 16mm, and ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) ratio of reinforcement is 5.6%, and both sides strengthening segment (2) ratio of reinforcement is 10%, interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) lap length is 75mm, overlap adopts welding process to connect.Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight 170kg/m 2.
Embodiment 2
The ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious, wherein:
H=75mm、h=55mm、B=3800mm、L=9050mm、B 1=40mm、B 2=50mm、B 3=50mm、B 4=40mm、b=335mm、L 1=350mm;
Ultra high performance cementitious, comprises gelling material, water and water reducer, and cement volume accounts for 49%, described cement to be strength grade be 62.5 PI cement, described mineral admixture is silicon ash, flyash and breeze, and volume accounts for 18%; Each component proportion mark of gelling material, by the account form of embodiment 1, obtains X c=0.731, X sf=0.104, X fa=0.094 and X bs=0.070.Water-cement ratio W/B=0.143, admixture uses polycarboxylate water-reducer solution, and volume is 2.3% of gelling material quality.
The consumption of main materials of ultra high performance cementitious, volume percent is as follows:
Each material usage of ultra high performance cementitious, mass ratio is as follows:
It is as follows that ultra high performance cementitious refers to that material mixes and stirs rear flowability properties:
Divergence GB/T50080:650mm;
After sclerosis, performance reaches following index:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d:195MPa.
Water and build up cross section ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking as shown in Figure 2, wherein S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4, S 5be HRB500 reinforcing bar, S 1, S 4, S 5diameter is 10mm, S 2, S 3diameter is 16mm, and ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) ratio of reinforcement is 7.1%, and both sides strengthening segment (2) ratio of reinforcement is 10.7%, interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) lap length is 75mm, overlap adopts welding process to connect.Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight 185kg/m 2.
Embodiment 3
The ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious, wherein:
H=65mm、h=45mm、B=2900mm、L=7200mm、B 1=40mm、B 2=40mm、B 3=50mm、B 4=40mm、b=250mm、L 1=260mm;
Ultra high performance cementitious, comprise gelling material, fine aggregate, steel fiber, water and water reducer, cement volume accounts for 26.5%, described cement to be strength grade be 52.5 PII cement, described mineral admixture is silicon ash, flyash and breeze, accounts for 15.8%.Each component proportion mark of gelling material, by the account form of embodiment 1, obtains X c=0.626, X sf=0.161, X fa=0.102 and X bs=0.111.Fine aggregate is the natural sand of fineness modulus 1.4, and volume is 0.811 of gelling material volume.Steel fiber adopts the copper plated steel fiber of diameter 0.2mm, length 13mm, and volume volume is 1.5%.Water-cement ratio W/B=0.162, admixture uses polycarboxylate water-reducer solution, and volume is 2.3% of gelling material quality.
The consumption of main materials of ultra high performance cementitious, volume percent is as follows:
Each material usage of ultra high performance cementitious, mass ratio is as follows:
It is as follows that ultra high performance cementitious refers to that material mixes and stirs rear flowability properties:
Divergence GB/T50080:635mm;
After sclerosis, performance reaches following index:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d:173MPa.
Water and build up cross section ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking as shown in Figure 1, wherein S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4, S 5be the carbon fiber composite reinforcing of tensile strength>=1000MPa, S 1, S 4, S 5diameter is 8mm, S 2diameter is 12mm, S 3diameter is 16mm, and ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) ratio of reinforcement is 5.6%, and both sides strengthening segment (2) ratio of reinforcement is 10%, interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) lap length is 75mm, overlap adopts binding method to connect.Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight 118kg/m 2.
Embodiment 4
The ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious, wherein:
H=75mm、h=55mm、B=3800mm、L=9050mm、B 1=40mm、B 2=50mm、B 3=50mm、B 4=40mm、b=335mm、L 1=350mm;
Ultra high performance cementitious, comprises gelling material, aggregate, fiber, water and water reducer, and cement volume accounts for 20%, described cement to be strength grade be 62.5 PII cement, described mineral admixture is silicon ash, flyash and breeze, accounts for 19%.Each component proportion mark of gelling material, by the account form of embodiment 1, obtains X c=0.512, X sf=0.128, X fa=0.205 and X bs=0.154.Coarse aggregate is the basalt continuous grading rubble of 5 ~ 10mm, and fine aggregate is the natural sand of fineness modulus 2.1, and obtaining sand coarse aggregate ratio is as calculated 37%, and the volume ratio of aggregate and gelling material is 0.921.Fiber adopts the hdpe fiber of diameter 40 μm, length 12mm, and volume volume is 0.5%.Water-cement ratio W/B=0.208, admixture uses polycarboxylate water-reducer solution, and volume is 1.0% of gelling material quality.
The consumption of main materials of ultra high performance cementitious, volume percent is as follows:
Each material usage of ultra high performance cementitious, mass ratio is as follows:
It is as follows that ultra high performance cementitious refers to that material mixes and stirs rear flowability properties:
Slump GB/T50080:215mm;
After sclerosis, performance reaches following index:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d:171MPa.
Water and build up cross section ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking as shown in Figure 2, wherein S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4, S 5be the Basalt fiber composite rib of tensile strength>=800MPa, S 1, S 4, S 5diameter is 10mm, S 2, S 3diameter is 16mm, and ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) ratio of reinforcement is 7.1%, and both sides strengthening segment (2) ratio of reinforcement is 10.7%, interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) lap length is 75mm, overlap adopts binding method to connect.Ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight 144kg/m 2.

Claims (9)

1. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking of being built by ultra high performance cementitious, it is characterized in that, comprise decking interlude (1) and both sides strengthening segment (2), this cement based decking interlude (1) is highly set to h, both sides strengthening segment (2) is highly set to H, and decking width is set to B, and decking length is set to L, both sides strengthening segment bottom width is set to b, and interlude (1) indulges muscle (S 1) spacing is set to B 1, muscle (S is indulged on both sides strengthening segment (2) upper strata 2) spacing is set to B 2, both sides strengthening segment (2) lower floor indulges muscle (S 3) spacing is set to B 3, interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) spacing is set to B 4, both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) length is set to L 1, meet: H/B≤0.03; H/B≤0.025; H>=h+15mm; 1≤L/B≤4; B 1, B 2, B 4>=30mm; B 3>=40mm; B/B=0.05 ~ 0.15; B≤L 1≤ b+B 1;
Described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking are built by ultra high performance cementitious and are formed; Described ultra high performance cementitious comprises gelling material, admixture and water, described gelling material is cement and mineral admixture, to be strength grade be described cement 42.5 and above PI, PII or PO code name cement, and described mineral admixture is two or three of silicon ash, flyash or breeze;
Wherein, cement consumption accounts for 20 ~ 70% of ultra high performance cementitious volume, and described mineral admixture accounts for 10 ~ 60% of ultra high performance cementitious volume;
The proportioning mark of each component of described gelling material carries out numerical analysis by the desirable particle diameter cumulative distribution curve piling up curve and each component of gelling material;
1) described ideal accumulation curve equation is:
P sd=A+(100-A)·(d/D max) π/2e
Wherein, P sdfor particle is by the per-cent of sieve aperture, A is empirical constant, and d is sieve diameter, D maxfor the maximum particle diameter of particle;
The value of empirical constant A requires to be determined by formula according to the design slump of ultra high performance cementitious or design divergence:
As h≤220mm, A=5h/h 0,
As h > 220mm, A=5 (l-h)/h 0,
L is divergence design load, and h is slump design load, h 0for the height 300mm of slump bucket;
2) the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of each component of gelling material:
To component cement required in gelling material, silicon ash, flyash and breeze after tested obtain respective cumulative distribution curve f c(d), f sf(d), f fa(d) and f bs(d);
3) numerical analysis is as follows:
If the volume fraction that cement accounts for binder total amount is X c, the silicon ash volume fraction that accounts for binder total amount is X sf, the flyash volume fraction that accounts for binder total amount is X fathe volume fraction accounting for binder total amount with breeze is X bs, and meet X c∈ [0.250,0.875], (X sf+ X fa+ X bs) ∈ [0.125,0.750], X c+ X sf+ X fa+ X bs=1;
After setting mixing, the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of gelling material is:
P=X cf c(d)+X sff sf(d)+X faf fa(d)+X bsf bs(d),
To the volume fraction X of each component c, X sf, X faand X bswith 0.001 ~ 0.01 for step-length, exhaustive computations P in respective span, comparison curves P and P sd, calculate the standard deviation of the X-coordinate particle diameter d corresponding to identical ordinate zou, get the X that standard deviation is minimum c, X sf, X faand X bsbe worth each component proportion mark as gelling material;
The consumption of water and the mass ratio W/B of gelling material are 0.1 ~ 0.4, and wherein W represents the consumption of water, and B represents gelling material quality;
After mixing and stirring by the ultra high performance cementitious calculating the preparation of gained proportioning, flowability properties is as follows:
Slump GB/T50080: >=10mm;
Or divergence GB/T50080: >=450mm;
The value of divergence is only just tested when high fluidity and slump > 220mm, and now concrete flowability is as the criterion with divergence;
After hardened material, performance is as follows:
Ultimate compression strength, normal curing 28d: >=170MPa.
2. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ordinate zou is chosen according to maximum value 100% decile, at least get 5 values; Described W/B is 0.12 to 0.28; Described cement meets GB " general purpose portland cement " GB175; Described silicon ash meets " mortar and the reinforcement of concrete silicon ash " GB/T27690; Described flyash meets " for cement and concrete flyash " GB/T1596; Described breeze meets " GBFS in cement and concrete " GB/T18046; Water meets " the reinforcement of concrete water quality standard " JGJ63; Described admixture is one or several the combination of water reducer, defoamer, thickening material, hardening accelerator, retardant or economization agent, the water reducer of water-reducing rate more than 25% selected by water reducer, volume is 0.5% ~ 5% of described gelling material quality, defoamer volume is 0.08% ~ 2% of gelling material, thickening material volume is 0.005% ~ 0.5% of gelling material, retardant volume is cement material 0.005% ~ 1.5%, and economization agent volume is 0.1% ~ 5% of gelling material.
3. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the water-reducing rate of described water reducer is more than 30%, and volume is 0.8% ~ 3% of described gelling material quality.
4. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also add aggregate in described ultra high performance cementitious, are the mixture of fine aggregate or fine aggregate and coarse aggregate; The volume ratio of described aggregate and described gelling material is 0.5 ~ 2.5;
Fine aggregate is natural sand or artificial sand, and fineness modulus is 1.2 ~ 3.5, and tap density is 1.1 ~ 2.1g/cm 3; Apparent density is 1.8 ~ 3.0g/cm 3;
Coarse aggregate is rubble or cobble, and particle diameter is 5 ~ 15mm; Tap density is 1.1 ~ 2.1g/cm 3; Apparent density is 1.8 ~ 3.0g/cm 3;
For using the aggregate of continuous grading, during the mixture of preparation fine aggregate and coarse aggregate, calculate the sand coarse aggregate ratio value that coarse aggregate space just in time filled by fine aggregate, with the ratio of this sand coarse aggregate ratio value determination coarse aggregate and fine aggregate;
For the aggregate using gap grading, the ratio of aggregate carries out numerical analysis by the desirable cumulative distribution curve piling up curve and various aggregate;
1) described accumulation curve equation is:
P sdA=b+(100-b)·(d A/D Amax) π/2e
Wherein, P sdAfor particles of aggregates is by the per-cent of sieve aperture, b is aggregate empirical constant, d afor aggregate sieve diameter, D amaxfor the maximum particle diameter of particles of aggregates;
The value of empirical constant b requires to be determined by formula according to the slump of ultra high performance cementitious or divergence:
As h≤220mm, b=5h/h 0,
As > 220mm, b=5 (l-h)/h 0,
L is divergence design load, and h is slump design load, h 0for the height 300mm of slump bucket;
2) the particle cumulative distribution curve of various aggregate:
Through screening test, respective cumulative distribution curve f is obtained to sand required in aggregate and stone sm(d) and f rn(d);
F smd () is m# graded sand, m=1 ~ 5;
F rnd () is n# grating stone, n=1 ~ 5; When not needing stone, then do not consider the cumulative distribution curve of stone;
3) numerical analysis is as follows:
If the volume fraction that m# graded sand accounts for aggregate total amount is X sm, and the n# grating stone volume fraction that accounts for aggregate total amount be X rn, and meet;
After setting mixing, the particle diameter cumulative distribution curve of aggregate is:
P A=ΣXsmfsm(d)+ΣXrnfrn(d);
To the volume fraction X of each component smand X rnwith 0.001 ~ 0.05 for step-length, exhaustive computations P in respective span a, comparison curves P aand P sdA, calculate the X-coordinate particle diameter d corresponding to identical ordinate zou astandard deviation, get the X that standard deviation is minimum smand X rnbe worth each component proportion mark as aggregate.
5. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described ordinate zou is chosen according to maximum value 100% decile, at least get 5 values; The fineness modulus of described fine aggregate is 2.4 ~ 2.8; Described rubble is basalt or grouan.
6. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also fiber is added in described ultra high performance cementitious, described fiber is steel fiber or non-metallic fibers, non-metallic fibers is polyvinyl alcohol fiber, polyethylene fibre, polypropylene fibre, polyacrylonitrile fibre, trevira, nylon fiber, cellulosic fibre, carbon fiber, glass fibre or basalt fibre, accounts for 0.05% ~ 5% of described ultra high performance cementitious volume; The diameter of described fiber is 15 ~ 1000 μm, and staple length is 1 ~ 100mm.
7. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) and both sides strengthening segment (2) adopt reinforcing bar, steel strand or fibre composite reinforcement to carry out arrangement of reinforcement, interlude (1) ratio of reinforcement 1% ~ 10%, both sides strengthening segment (2) ratio of reinforcement 5% ~ 15%; Described reinforcing bar, steel strand yield strength >=400MPa; Described fibre composite reinforcement tensile strength >=800MPa; Described fibre composite reinforcement adopts the one or more combination of organic synthetic fibers, glass fibre, carbon fiber, basalt fibre and resin to make.
8. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking interlude (1) horizontal bar (S 4) and both sides strengthening segment (2) horizontal bar (S 5) lap length is greater than 1.5B 1; Overlap adopts colligation or welding process to connect.
9. ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ultrahigh-performance cement-based decking deadweight≤240kg/m 2.
CN201510713619.1A 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 Ultra-high-performance cement-based bridge deck slab poured with ultra-high-performance cement-based composite materials Pending CN105254249A (en)

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CN107217597A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-29 东南大学 A kind of prestressed concrete bridge face is seamlessly connected the construction method of plate
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106835973A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-13 山东大学 Fleece superhigh tenacity cement-base composite material combined bridge deck structure and method
CN107217597A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-29 东南大学 A kind of prestressed concrete bridge face is seamlessly connected the construction method of plate
CN107165047A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-15 浙江大学 A kind of ductility bridge deck continuous plate structure
CN107245947A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-13 上海罗洋新材料科技有限公司 A kind of reinforced concrete structure containing early-strength ultra-high performance concrete
CN111032959A (en) * 2017-08-24 2020-04-17 维也纳工业大学 Method for manufacturing integral bridge and integral bridge
CN109437739A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-08 黄贺明 A kind of room temperature maintaining Steel Bridge Deck concrete pavement material and preparation method thereof
CN109650819A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-04-19 武汉科技大学 A kind of high intensity high-durability haydite concrete product and preparation method thereof

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