CN105251982A - Anti-corrosion ferrum-based powder metallurgy forging automobile connecting rod and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Anti-corrosion ferrum-based powder metallurgy forging automobile connecting rod and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105251982A
CN105251982A CN201510682391.4A CN201510682391A CN105251982A CN 105251982 A CN105251982 A CN 105251982A CN 201510682391 A CN201510682391 A CN 201510682391A CN 105251982 A CN105251982 A CN 105251982A
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powder
tungsten disulfide
appropriate
forging
rare earth
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马聪
李学峰
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马聪
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Abstract

An anti-corrosion ferrum-based powder metallurgy forging automobile connecting rod is prepared from, by weight, 83-84 parts of ferrous powder, 5-5.5 parts of nickel powder, 1.1-1.3 parts of rare earth magnesium alloy, 5-6 parts of nanometer silicon carbide, 0.3-0.4 part of zinc stearate, a proper quantity of a silane coupling agent kh550, a proper amount of nanometer tungsten disulfide, a proper amount of polyethylene glycol and a proper amount of deionized water. The nanometer tungsten disulfide is adopted when water atomized powder is manufactured, so that the powder is good in dispersity and lubricity, the consumption of a lubricant is decreased, the density of green bodies is increased, the number of gaps in a finished product is small, the strength of alloy is greatly improved, the forging pressure and temperature are decreased, energy is saved, forge forming is easy, the toughness obtained after forging is improved, and the demolding performance is good. Due to the adoption of the nickel powder, the rare earth magnesium alloy and the nanometer silicon carbide, the corrosion resistance and the abrasion resistance of the alloy are improved.

Description

A kind of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to powder metallurgical technology, particularly relate to a kind of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In the production of powdered metal parts how under production cost minimum as far as possible, reach as far as possible higher density, how to produce because aspect ratio high surface area is difficult to the complicated shape powdered metal parts of the demoulding, the intensity of green compact how just can be made higher, increase ability and the productivity ratio of existing press, these are all badly in need of good lubricant.
Secondary compacting/double sintering (DP/DS) is all well-known with the technique of power forging and so on, and this kind of technique can make the density of part reach 7.4 ~ 7.5gcm -3or close to theoretical density., the producing cost of these techniques is all very expensive.On the other hand, pressing one-time sintering and secondary are suppressed double sintering and are compared, though significantly can reduce production cost, are densifiedly subject to more restriction.For the cold compaction of the mixed powder containing traditional lubrication agent (such as the mixture of wax, metallic stearate or two kinds of lubricants), general accessible green density is not higher than 7.2gcm -3.Density depends on the compressibility of original washing powder, the additive of interpolation and the quantity of lubricant, geometry and the height of part, and the situation of compacting.
In order to strengthen densified by the method for once suppressing, in recent years, carried out various trial always.It is all two examples for increasing the pressing process that green density is developed that temperature and pressure and die wall lubrication are suppressed.Be 7.25 ~ 7.50gcm by these two kinds of accessible density ranges of technique -3.Temperature and pressure are made up of the powder mixed powder suppressing preheating in the former of heating.The lubricant that temperature and pressure generally need use to design for it specially and binding agent.Particularly, organic matter must can bear the temperature (between general 130 ~ 150 DEG C) suffered when pre-heating powder and compacting.The densified lubricant being generally all subject to mixed powder inside of part contains quantitative limitation.Die wall lubrication technology, owing to can reduce the amount of internal lubricant, just probably reaches high density.Before powder is loaded in former, a kind of exterior lubricant is sprayed on former wall, part can be made to be easy to compacting and to deviate from.These two kinds of methods of design are all the low cost process of alternative secondary compacting double sintering and power forging.However, even there is a large amount of paper to confirm the potentiality of temperature and pressure and die wall lubrication greatly, but their purposes in powder metallurgy industry is still very limited.This is likely because in industry with under the condition of producing, they are much complicated than the pressing process of routine.
Although various lubricant solves, certain part is densified, the problem of the demoulding, and the performance of part still can not be compared with casting, there is space many, and fragility is large, the problem that intensity is low, also needs to improve performance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly the defect in order to make up prior art, provides a kind of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: iron powder 83-84, nickel powder 5-5.5, magnesium-rare earth 1.1-1.3, nanometer silicon carbide 5-6, zinc stearate 0.3-0.4, silane coupler kh550 is appropriate, nano tungsten disulfide is appropriate, polyethylene glycol is appropriate, deionized water is appropriate.
The preparation method of described abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar, comprises the following steps:
(1) make water-atomized iron powder cooling fluid, polyethylene glycol is added in deionized water by 0.3-0.4wt%, then adds 2-2.5wt% nano tungsten disulfide, stir, obtain cooling fluid;
(2) by iron powder, nickel powder, magnesium-rare earth mixing, add the 0.6-0.8wt% nano tungsten disulfide of mixture again, send into melt in furnace, then the aluminium alloy after fusing is continued to be heated to overheated 48-52 DEG C, then tundish is injected, carry out high-pressure atomization process again, spray in the cooling fluid that (1) step obtains, be stirred to the silane coupler kh550 that less than 60 DEG C add 0.8-0.9wt% again, stir, through precipitation, filter, dry, obtain powder;
(3) powder that (2) step obtains is mixed with other residual components, carry out ball milling, shaping, compacting, sintering, finished machined, obtain blank;
(4) forged by blank, forging pressure is 558-560Mpa, and forging temperature is 1010-1020 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Advantage of the present invention is: the present invention is by using nano tungsten disulfide when making water atomized powder, make the good dispersion of powder, lubricity good, decrease the consumption of lubricant, improve the density of green compact, and the space of finished product is few, substantially increase the intensity of alloy, reduce forging pressure and temperature, saved the energy, easy forging molding, after forging, toughness improves many, and release property is good.By using nickel powder, magnesium-rare earth, nanometer silicon carbide, improve corrosion resistance and the wearability of alloy.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kilogram): iron powder 83, nickel powder 5, magnesium-rare earth 1.1, nanometer silicon carbide 5, zinc stearate 0.3, silane coupler kh550 is appropriate, nano tungsten disulfide is appropriate, polyethylene glycol is appropriate, deionized water is appropriate.
The preparation method of described abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar, comprises the following steps:
(1) make water-atomized iron powder cooling fluid, polyethylene glycol is added in deionized water by 0.3wt%, then adds 2wt% nano tungsten disulfide, stir, obtain cooling fluid;
(2) by iron powder, nickel powder, magnesium-rare earth mixing, add the 0.6wt% nano tungsten disulfide of mixture again, send into melt in furnace, then the aluminium alloy after fusing is continued to be heated to overheated 48 DEG C, then tundish is injected, carry out high-pressure atomization process again, spray in the cooling fluid that (1) step obtains, be stirred to the silane coupler kh550 that less than 60 DEG C add 0.8wt% again, stir, through precipitation, filter, dry, obtain powder;
(3) powder that (2) step obtains is mixed with other residual components, carry out ball milling, shaping, compacting, sintering, finished machined, obtain blank;
(4) forged by blank, forging pressure is 558Mpa, and forging temperature is 1010 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Experimental data:
Make 10mm Cylinder sample, green density is 7.39g/cm after testing 3, slide coefficient is 0.77, net pressure 51.6tsi, gross pressure loss 16.8tsi, and slip shear stress ratio is used alone zinc stearate and reduces 40%, and illustrating property is good;
Sintered density is 97.8%, and tensile strength reaches 718MPa, and hardness reaches 97HRB, and ballistic work reaches 23J.

Claims (2)

1. an abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight portion: iron powder 83-84, nickel powder 5-5.5, magnesium-rare earth 1.1-1.3, nanometer silicon carbide 5-6, zinc stearate 0.3-0.4, silane coupler kh550 is appropriate, nano tungsten disulfide is appropriate, polyethylene glycol is appropriate, deionized water is appropriate.
2. the preparation method of abrasion-proof iron matrix sinter soging automobile connecting bar according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) make water-atomized iron powder cooling fluid, polyethylene glycol is added in deionized water by 0.3-0.4wt%, then adds 2-2.5wt% nano tungsten disulfide, stir, obtain cooling fluid;
(2) by iron powder, nickel powder, magnesium-rare earth mixing, add the 0.6-0.8wt% nano tungsten disulfide of mixture again, send into melt in furnace, then the aluminium alloy after fusing is continued to be heated to overheated 48-52 DEG C, then tundish is injected, carry out high-pressure atomization process again, spray in the cooling fluid that (1) step obtains, be stirred to the silane coupler kh550 that less than 60 DEG C add 0.8-0.9wt% again, stir, through precipitation, filter, dry, obtain powder;
(3) powder that (2) step obtains is mixed with other residual components, carry out ball milling, shaping, compacting, sintering, finished machined, obtain blank;
(4) forged by blank, forging pressure is 558-560Mpa, and forging temperature is 1010-1020 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201510682391.4A 2015-10-21 2015-10-21 Anti-corrosion ferrum-based powder metallurgy forging automobile connecting rod and preparation method thereof Pending CN105251982A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105772704A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 苏州莱特复合材料有限公司 Ferrotungsten-based powder metallurgy material and preparation method thereof

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US20030196511A1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-10-23 Edmond Ilia Forged article with prealloyed powder
CN103537679A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-29 芜湖市鸿坤汽车零部件有限公司 Powder metallurgy automobile connecting rod and preparing method of powder metallurgy automobile connecting rod
CN103898410A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 临沂市金立机械有限公司 Metal modified gasoline engine link
CN103934454A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-23 临沂市金立机械有限公司 Manufacturing technology for small gasoline engine connecting rod workblank
CN104550923A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Iron-base powder metallurgy material for high temperature environment valve and preparation method of iron-base powder metallurgy material

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030196511A1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-10-23 Edmond Ilia Forged article with prealloyed powder
CN103537679A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-29 芜湖市鸿坤汽车零部件有限公司 Powder metallurgy automobile connecting rod and preparing method of powder metallurgy automobile connecting rod
CN103898410A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 临沂市金立机械有限公司 Metal modified gasoline engine link
CN103934454A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-23 临沂市金立机械有限公司 Manufacturing technology for small gasoline engine connecting rod workblank
CN104550923A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Iron-base powder metallurgy material for high temperature environment valve and preparation method of iron-base powder metallurgy material

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105772704A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 苏州莱特复合材料有限公司 Ferrotungsten-based powder metallurgy material and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160120