CN105251280B - Polishing dust removal cabinet - Google Patents

Polishing dust removal cabinet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105251280B
CN105251280B CN201510764552.4A CN201510764552A CN105251280B CN 105251280 B CN105251280 B CN 105251280B CN 201510764552 A CN201510764552 A CN 201510764552A CN 105251280 B CN105251280 B CN 105251280B
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cabinet
cloth bag
axial
flow type
absorption fan
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CN105251280A (en
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陈美青
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陈美青
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of polishing dust removal cabinet, belong to technical field of operation.It solves the problems, such as that existing Sanding Room dust suction cabinet model is not enough.This polishing dust removal cabinet includes the cabinet with end plate, side plate and top board, is provided with the dividing plate that cabinet inner chamber is divided into upper cavity and lower chamber in cabinet, and dividing plate has multiple air holes excessively;The cloth bag being provided with epicoele body and crossing air holes one-to-one corresponding setting, the lower end of cloth bag is connected with crossing air holes, and the upper end of cloth bag is connected with the top board of cabinet, and the side plate of upper cavity and/or top board have air outlet;Air inlet is had on the side plate of lower chamber, is provided with cavity of resorption body and corresponds, with air inlet, the axial-flow type dust absorption fan being connected.The dust that this polishing dust removal cabinet is collected is solid, is easy to shift and then be easy to process, it is to avoid cause secondary pollution.Using bag-type dust, this polishing dust removal cabinet has the advantages that low production cost, use cost be low, efficiency of dust collection is high.

Description

Polishing dust removal cabinet
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of operation, it is related to a kind of segregation apparatuss, particularly a kind of polishing dust removal cabinet.
Background technology
Polishing is the commonly used operation of production, such as wood furniture is polished, the and for example throwing of commode table top Light etc..Polishing nature produces dust in large quantities, and dust causes environmental pollution and harm staff's health.On solving State technical problem, there has been proposed various dust arrester, the Sanding Room dust suction cabinet (Authorization Notice No. that such as Chinese patent literature is recorded CN202590569U), dust is removed using water curtain type, that is, dust enters in water.But enterprise does not have at sewage due to part producing Reason ability, causes larger to pollute to river by line for sewage.For this reason, those skilled in the art wish to propose beating of more structures Mill dust removal cabinet.
Content of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of polishing dust removal cabinet, and the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is how to propose different structure Polishing dust removal cabinet.
The technical problem to be solved of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:This polishing dust removal cabinet includes having The cabinet of end plate, side plate and top board, is provided with the dividing plate that cabinet inner chamber is divided into upper cavity and lower chamber in cabinet, dividing plate has There are multiple air holes excessively;The cloth bag being provided with epicoele body and crossing air holes one-to-one corresponding setting, the lower end of cloth bag is connected with crossing air holes, The upper end of cloth bag is connected with the top board of cabinet, and the side plate of upper cavity and/or top board have air outlet;Open on the side plate of lower chamber There is air inlet, be provided with cavity of resorption body and correspond, with air inlet, the axial-flow type dust absorption fan being connected.
In actual production, polishing workbench is placed on the side of cabinet, near air inlet.Produce during polishing product Dust sucked in cavity of resorption body by axial-flow type dust absorption fan, then passed through air holes and entered in cloth bag, through Bag filter, clean Air is discharged from air outlet.Dust natural subsidence under being filtered is on the bottom surface of lower chamber.Axial-flow type dust absorption fan can be effective Ground ensures blower pressure and increases dust suction open area, and then ensures that the dust that polishing operation produces on a large scale is all inhaled into cabinet Body, and then ensure efficiency of dust collection.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, described end plate is provided with the first inspection socket being connected with lower chamber, on end plate It is provided with the first inspection door that can seal capping the first inspection socket;The second inspection socket is offered, dividing plate is provided with energy in described dividing plate Second inspection door of sealing capping the second inspection socket.Setting inspection socket and inspection door are easy to staff and are entered in cavity of resorption body Cavity is patrolled cloth bag use state, situations such as such as whether cloth bag has breakage.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, the upper end of described cloth bag can be directly connected with the top board of cabinet it is also possible to lead to Cross following proposal to be connected:The first, in above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, be provided with cloth bag hanger in the epicoele body of described cabinet, The upper end of cloth bag hangs on cloth bag hanger, is connected by many springs between cloth bag hanger and top board;Electricity is fixed with cabinet Machine, the rotating shaft of motor is fixed with a rotating disk, and cloth bag hanger is hinged with a connecting rod, and connecting rod is hinged with rotating disk bias.Open Galvanic electricity machine, the rotating shaft of motor drives turntable rotation, and then reciprocal drive cloth bag hanger swings, and forces cloth bag to be shaken, significantly drops Low cloth bag adsorption of dust amount, improves efficiency of dust collection.Second, in above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, in the epicoele body of described cabinet It is provided with cloth bag hanger, the upper end of cloth bag hangs on cloth bag hanger;There are in cabinet many leads, cloth bag hanger and lead are led To connection;The top of lead is rotatably connected to reverse wheel;Hoist engine is fixed with cabinet, hoist engine has steel wire rope, steel Cord is bypassed reverse wheel and is fixedly connected with cloth bag hanger.Start hoist engine and realize reciprocal folding and unfolding steel wire rope, and then drive cloth bag to hang Frame back and forth moves up and down, and forces cloth bag to be shaken, cloth bag adsorption of dust amount is greatly lowered, improve efficiency of dust collection.Lead can be The support column of cabinet, thus there is simplification structure, reduce and produce the advantage rising this.Independent lead is set and can improve cabinet The intensity of intensity, especially top board, hoist engine can be arranged on top board.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, the exit of described axial-flow type dust absorption fan is provided with and can cover axial-flow type dust suction wind The cover plate of the outlet of machine.Axial-flow type dust absorption fan is in cover plate during running status and is also at open mode it is ensured that air normal stream Dynamic;After closing axial-flow type dust absorption fan, the outlet of cover plate automatic sealing axial-flow type dust absorption fan, it is to avoid other are in operation shape The air-flow that the axial-flow type dust absorption fan of state produces is discharged from the axial-flow type dust absorption fan closed.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, the upper end of described cover plate is hinged with the housing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan, axle The actuator driving cover plate to swing is additionally provided with the housing of streaming dust absorption fan;Actuator and axial-flow type dust absorption fan all with control Circuit electrically connects.When realizing opening axial-flow type dust absorption fan by control circuit, Synchronization Control actuator runs, and realizes opening axle Streaming dust absorption fan, cover plate automatically opens up, and closes axial-flow type dust absorption fan, and cover plate is automatically switched off.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, described cabinet end plates are detachable, just may be used after the end plate of removal cabinet one end Two polishing dust removal cabinet are cascaded, produce with actual multistation and be consistent.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, the top of described cabinet has cornicing of choosing laterally, and reduces dust recycling, Improve efficiency of dust collection.
In above-mentioned polishing dust removal cabinet, two side plates of described cabinet all have air inlet, that is, the both sides of cabinet are equal Workbench can be arranged, improve workshop utilization rate and the utilization rate of this polishing cleaner unit.
Compared with prior art, the dust that this polishing dust removal cabinet is collected is solid, is easy to shift and then be easy to process, it is to avoid Cause secondary pollution.
Using bag-type dust, this polishing dust removal cabinet has the advantages that low production cost, use cost be low, efficiency of dust collection is high.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is this polishing dust removal cabinet side structure schematic view.
Fig. 2 is this polishing dust removal cabinet main structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is the cross section structure diagram of A-A in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is cloth bag hanging rack structure schematic diagram in this polishing dust removal cabinet.
Fig. 5 is cloth bag hanger and top slab connecting structure schematic diagram in embodiment one.
Fig. 6 is cloth bag hanger and top slab connecting structure schematic diagram in embodiment two.
Fig. 7 is multiple polishing dust removal cabinet cascaded structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the overlooking the structure diagram controlling the outlet opening and closing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan in embodiment three.
Fig. 9 is the side structure schematic view controlling the outlet opening and closing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan in example IV.
In figure, 1, cabinet;1a, side plate;1c, base plate;1d, top board;1e, upper cavity;1f, lower chamber;1g, air inlet;2、 Dividing plate;2a, excessively air holes;3rd, cloth bag;4th, axial-flow type dust absorption fan;5th, cornice;6th, air outlet;7th, cover plate;8th, actuator;9th, cloth bag Hanger;10th, spring;11st, motor;12nd, rotating disk;13rd, connecting rod;14th, the first inspection door;15th, the second inspection door;16th, lead; 17th, reverse wheel;18th, hoist engine;18a, steel wire rope;19th, flashboard;20th, cylinder;21st, electric butterfly valve.
Specific embodiment
The following is the specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, this polishing dust removal cabinet includes cabinet 1, dividing plate 2, cloth bag 3 and axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4.
Cabinet 1 has framework, the side plate 1a being fixed on framework, end plate, base plate 1c and top board 1d;Thus tool in cabinet 1 There is inner chamber.It is connected by demountable structure between end plate and framework, such as end plate is fixed by screws on framework.According to reality The quantity of required cabinet 1 is concatenated, and that is, removal cabinet 1 is connected the cover plate 7 on end face, will be close between the framework of two cabinets 1 Envelope is fixedly connected, and two cabinets 1 as shown in Figure 7 are cascaded.
Dividing plate 2 is arranged in the inner chamber of cabinet 1, and cabinet 1 inner chamber is divided into upper cavity 1e and lower chamber 1f by dividing plate 2.Every Multiple air holes 2a excessively are had on plate 2, the quantity that Figure of description provided air holes 2a is 336, crosses air holes according to practical situation The quantity of 2a can increase or decrease.
The both sides on cabinet 1 top are respectively provided with to choose laterally cornices 5 in hollow form, and cornicing 5 is connected with upper cavity 1e; Cornice 5 side plate on have two air outlets 6.Two air inlet 1g are all had on the biside plate 1a of lower chamber 1f, axial-flow type is inhaled Dirt blower fan 4 is arranged in lower chamber 1f, and the quantity of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is four, axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 and four air intakes Mouth 1g corresponds setting, and the import of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is connected with air inlet 1g.According to practical situation, axial-flow type is inhaled Dirt blower fan 4 can be fixed on framework, could be secured on base plate 1c.
The biside plate 1a of lower chamber 1f is in horn-like, has guide functions, is conducive to dust to be inhaled by axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 Enter in cabinet, and then improve efficiency of dust collection.
The exit of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is provided with the cover plate 7 of the outlet that can cover axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4.Cover plate 7 Upper end is hinged with the housing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4, the housing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is additionally provided with driving cover plate 7 and puts Dynamic actuator 8;Actuator 8 is all electrically connected with control circuit with axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4;The present embodiment provides actuator 8 Cylinder, the electromagnetic valve for controlling Telescopic-cylinder is electrically connected with control circuit.
The middle part of dividing plate 2 is the flat part parallel with base plate 1c, and the both sides of dividing plate 2 are in step-like slow fall portion.Flat The height of plate portion ensures that staff can walk upright in lower chamber 1f, and easy access all parts simultaneously facilitate removing heavy Fall dust on base plate 1c.This structure also has raising cloth bag 3 overall length, and then the advantage improving dust collection capacity;This structure Also there is the effect of rectification, make air-flow uniformly across air holes 2a excessively, and then improve efficiency of dust collection.
Cloth bag 3 is vertically arranged in upper cavity 1e, and the quantity of cloth bag 3 is identical with the quantity of air holes 2a excessively, cloth bag 3 and excessively wind Hole 2a corresponds setting, and the lower end of cloth bag 3 is connected with crossing air holes 2a, and the upper end of cloth bag 3 is connected with the top board 1d of cabinet 1. As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the top board 1d attachment structure of cloth bag 3 and cabinet 1 specifically, is provided with cloth bag in the upper cavity 1e of cabinet 1 Hanger 9, the upper end of cloth bag 3 hangs on cloth bag hanger 9;There is in cabinet 1 many leads 16, cloth bag hanger 9 and lead 16 Guiding connects;The top of lead 16 is rotatably connected to reverse wheel 17;Hoist engine 18 is fixed with cabinet 1, hoist engine 18 has Steel wire rope 18a, steel wire rope 18a is had to bypass reverse wheel 17 and be fixedly connected with cloth bag hanger 9.
Maintenance part and the dust removing sedimentation for convenience, is provided with the first inspection being connected with lower chamber 1f on end plate Look into mouth, end plate is provided with the first inspection door 14 that can seal capping the first inspection socket;The second inspection is offered in described dividing plate 2 Mouthful, dividing plate 2 is provided with the second inspection door 15 that can seal capping the second inspection socket.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one and principle, the no longer burden description of essentially identical part, only retouches State different place, different place is:As shown in fig. 6, being provided with cloth bag hanger 9, cloth bag in the upper cavity 1e of cabinet 1 3 upper end hangs on cloth bag hanger 9 by hook, is connected by many springs 10 between cloth bag hanger 9 and top board 1d;Cabinet Motor 11 is fixed with 1 top board 1d, the rotating shaft of motor 11 is fixed with a rotating disk 12, cloth bag hanger 9 is hinged with a company Bar 13, connecting rod 13 is hinged with rotating disk 12 bias.Spring 10 ensures that cloth bag hanger 9 can stably swing.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one and principle, the no longer burden description of essentially identical part, only retouches State different place, different place is:The exit of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is inserted with a flashboard 19, side plate Horizontally disposed cylinder 20 is fixed with 1a, the piston rod of cylinder 20 is connected with flashboard 19.Control the electromagnetism that cylinder 20 stretches Valve and axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 are all electrically connected with control circuit.Realize opening same during axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 by control circuit Step controls electromagnetic valve, realizes opening axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4, and the piston rod retraction of cylinder 20 pulls flashboard 19 to make axial-flow type dust suction Blower fan 4 outlet is in open mode;Conversely, closing axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4, the piston rod of cylinder 20 stretches out promotion flashboard 19 to be made Axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 outlet is in cut-off state.
Example IV
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one and principle, the no longer burden description of essentially identical part, only retouches State different place, different place is:The exit of axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 is serially connected with an electric butterfly valve 21, Motor in electric butterfly valve 21 and axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 are all electrically connected with control circuit.Realize opening axle by control circuit Motor rotation in Synchronization Control electric butterfly valve 21 during streaming dust absorption fan 4 makes electric butterfly valve 21 be in connected state, even if axle Streaming dust absorption fan 4 outlet is in open mode;Conversely, closing axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4, electric butterfly valve 21 is in cut-off shape State, even if axial-flow type dust absorption fan 4 outlet is in cut-off state.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of polishing dust removal cabinet, including the cabinet (1) with side plate (1a) and top board (1d), be provided with described cabinet (1) by Cabinet (1) inner chamber is divided into the dividing plate (2) of upper cavity (1e) and lower chamber (1f), and dividing plate (2) has multiple air holes (2a) excessively; Be provided with upper cavity (1e) with cross air holes (2a) correspond setting cloth bag (3), the lower end of cloth bag (3) with air holes (2a) phase Connection, the upper end of cloth bag (3) is connected with the top board (1d) of cabinet (1), on the side plate (1a) of upper cavity (1e) and/or top board (1d) Have air outlet (6);Air inlet (1g) is had it is characterised in that setting in lower chamber (1f) on the side plate (1a) of lower chamber (1f) Have and correspond, with air inlet (1g), the axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) being connected;Described cabinet (1) also has framework, base plate (1c) and end plate, end plate is fixedly connected with framework by demountable structure, and end plate is provided with being connected with lower chamber (1f) One inspection socket, end plate is provided with the first inspection door (14) that can seal capping the first inspection socket;Dividing plate offers the second inspection in (2) Look into mouth, dividing plate (2) is provided with the second inspection door (15) that can seal capping the second inspection socket;The middle part of dividing plate (2) is flat part, The both sides of dividing plate (2) are in step-like slow fall portion.
2. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be provided with the upper cavity (1e) of described cabinet (1) Cloth bag hanger (9), the upper end of cloth bag (3) hangs on cloth bag hanger (9), passes through many between cloth bag hanger (9) and top board (1d) Spring (10) is connected;Motor (11) is fixed with cabinet (1), the rotating shaft of motor (11) is fixed with a rotating disk (12), cloth bag A piece connecting rod (13) is hinged with hanger (9), connecting rod (13) is hinged with rotating disk (12) bias.
3. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be provided with the upper cavity (1e) of described cabinet (1) Cloth bag hanger (9), the upper end of cloth bag (3) hangs on cloth bag hanger (9);There are in cabinet (1) many leads (16), cloth bag is hung Frame (9) is connected with lead (16) guiding;The top of lead (16) is rotatably connected to reverse wheel (17);Cabinet (1) is upper to be fixed There is hoist engine (18), hoist engine (18) has steel wire rope (18a), steel wire rope (18a) bypasses reverse wheel (17) and cloth bag hanger (9) it is fixedly connected.
4. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the exit of described axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) It is provided with the cover plate (7) of the outlet that can cover axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4);The upper end of cover plate (7) and axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) Housing be hinged, the housing of axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) is additionally provided with and drives cover plate (7) actuator (8) that swings;Actuator (8) all electrically connect with control circuit with axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4).
5. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the exit of described axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) It is inserted with a flashboard (19), side plate (1a) is fixed with cylinder (20), the piston rod of cylinder (20) is connected with flashboard (19).
6. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the exit of described axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) It is serially connected with an electric butterfly valve (21), the motor in electric butterfly valve (21) and axial-flow type dust absorption fan (4) are all electric with control circuit Connect.
7. polishing dust removal cabinet according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the side plate (1a) of described lower chamber (1f) is in loudspeaker Shape.
CN201510764552.4A 2015-11-11 2015-11-11 Polishing dust removal cabinet Active CN105251280B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105251280A CN105251280A (en) 2016-01-20
CN105251280B true CN105251280B (en) 2017-03-01

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112077745B (en) * 2020-08-29 2021-11-23 台州市路桥聚鑫电子有限公司 Water pump processing platform of vertical ladder suction formula

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100569336C (en) * 2007-03-02 2009-12-16 合肥水泥研究设计院 The guiding device that is used for bag dust remover air duct
CN201693458U (en) * 2010-01-06 2011-01-05 陈美青 Grinder dust collector
KR101408916B1 (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-06-17 주식회사 아이디알시스템 Method and apparatus for remove dust in filteringmachine using dust filter cloth
CN204723912U (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-10-28 庞邦通 A kind of industrial sack cleaner
CN205084546U (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-16 陈美青 Dust removal cabinet of polishing

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