CN105248143A - Lantern pimento greenhouse planting method - Google Patents

Lantern pimento greenhouse planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105248143A
CN105248143A CN201510838897.XA CN201510838897A CN105248143A CN 105248143 A CN105248143 A CN 105248143A CN 201510838897 A CN201510838897 A CN 201510838897A CN 105248143 A CN105248143 A CN 105248143A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
seedling
soil
centimetres
pimento
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CN201510838897.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周振勇
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周振勇
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Priority to CN201510838897.XA priority Critical patent/CN105248143A/en
Publication of CN105248143A publication Critical patent/CN105248143A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to a lantern pimento greenhouse planting method. The method mainly comprises the planting steps that firstly, a dry land capable of draining water and being irrigated easily is selected, the soil PH is between 6.5 and 8, and anti-waterlogging lines are dug; secondly, a greenhouse is prepared, wherein the greenhouse is provided with ventilation equipment and warm keeping equipment, and the temperature should be controlled between 10 DEG C and 35 DEG C for a long term; thirdly, a high-seedling early-maturing variety with high adaptability, disease resistance, excellent quality and sweetness is selected, and seeds are sterilized before being sown; fourthly, the seeds are spread on a seedling bed for growing seedlings before transplantation, and nutrient soil is adopted on the seedling bed; fifthly, the distance between transplanted seedlings ranges from 10 centimeters to 15 centimeters for rooting; sixthly, fertilizer is applied, wherein the roots of the seedlings are irrigated with 2% urea water after the seedlings are transplanted; in the topdressing period, 5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 2 parts of oxygen fertilizer and 1 part of potash fertilizer can be mixed and applied between the seedlings in a wetting mode; seventhly, application of pesticides and sterilizing agents is stopped 15 days before the harvest time, and water content in the soil is kept between 15% and 20%.

Description

Lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting technology of tomato, particularly a kind ofly subtract acid and increase sweet growing tomatoes technology, belong to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
Bell pepper, Capsicum (Capsicum) plant, the thick and capsicum of softness of meat.Fruit shape is comparatively large, and fluffy, vary in color, general mitriform, has rill, can cook salad or dish.Ornamental is edible also, and viewing period is for half a year.Strong adaptability, cultivation is easily identical with general green pepper class, but will note the control of fusarium wilt in vegetative period.Plant is tall and big sturdy, plant height 1-1.2 rice, and stem is sturdy, and branch is strong and few, hat width can reach 1.45 meters, leaf green, avette, the long 3-4.8 centimetre of petiole, the long 8-9 centimetre of blade, every axil place a raw flower, and flower is white, and fruit is peculiar, long 5 cm of fruit, oblate spheroid, circle or cylindrical shape, fruit surrounding has irregular concavo-convex, middle outstanding as mamillary, single fruit weight 3.5-6 gram, young fruit is green, peony after ripe, just like fuchsia one by one, very gorgeous, strain footing.
Bell pepper strong adaptability, cultivation is easily identical with general green pepper class, but resistance is poor, and hot area's cultivation effect is poor, and too cold also can be freezed to death, and will note the control of fusarium wilt in vegetative period.Although bell pepper is a kind of thin dish class fruit, but because its shape and size are applicable to the characteristic of fruit, also can eat raw instant, liking very by some, but the capsicum of most of kind stimulates very much due to pungent, not accepted by some southerners, but bell pepper is micro-pungent, based on fresh and sweet tasty and refreshing sense, be subject to liking of more people.But bell pepper is due to hollow, and volume is excessive, the bell pepper of summer and stored in autumn is few, and winter, when cold, often supply falls short of demand on ground, causes out of stock, can not meet the demand of people.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method, this implantation methods can increase the sweet crisp mouthfeel of lantern pimento, can plant in the winter time, can alleviate winter people to the demand of lantern pimento.
Lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method is undertaken by plantation step below: one, soil prepares: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, deep ploughing intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 20 ~ 40%, soil acidity or alkalinity PH6.5 ~ 8 are regulated with quicklime, open waterlogging-resistant furrow capable, ridge-up bed is wide 30 ~ 50 centimetres, furrow ditch depth 7 ~ 15 centimetres; Two, booth prepares: booth possesses ventilation equipment and warming facility, answers long-term control temperature at 10 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C; Three, select breeding, select the high seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% carbendazol before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid; Four, nursery prepares: pimento seed broadcasting is on seedling bed, and seedling bed adopts Nutrition Soil, broadcasts sowing rear surface overburden layer 1 ~ 2 centimetre; Plant grain Average distance 2 ~ 4 centimetres; Five, transplanted seedling, height of seedling 7 ~ 10 centimetres can be transplanted to ridge-up bed, transplanted seedling spacing 10 ~ 15 centimetres, normal root; Six, fertilizer discharges: with 2% urea water pouring shoot root after transplanting; Stage of Top Dressing can execute throwing with the fertilizer mixing of 5 parts, phosphate fertilizer, fertile 2 parts of oxygen, 1 part, potash fertilizer, adopts between seedling and applies fertilizer, moistening fertilising; Six, first 15 days of harvest time stopped using agricultural chemicals and bactericidal agent, kept soil moisture content 15 ~ 20%.
Lantern pimento is suitable for the weather of feeling nice and cool, and suitable temperature is 15 DEG C ~ 28 DEG C, and can resist temperature is 7 DEG C ~ 42 DEG C.Lower than 15 DEG C, lantern pimento seed sprouting, Pollination Fertilization are affected: lower than 10 DEG C higher than 35 DEG C, poor growth, and reproductive development is suppressed, and come off, are then damaged to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature lower than 2 DEG C, namely freezed to death lower than 0 DEG C lower than cauline leaf when 5 DEG C.Be affected higher than 35 DEG C of reproductive developments, higher than 42 DEG C of physiologic derangements, heat is dead.The ventilation of booth and warming degree should be able to ensure the temperature be applicable to, and have thermometer in booth, often will observe, and take measures in real time to carry out control temperature.Booth top wants to be beneficial to the accumulation of nutrient through the illumination of abundance, the suitable temperature difference and to turn ripe, promotes plant healthy development, prevents excessive growth, strengthen disease-resistant, the anti-adversity ability of lantern pimento, improve output.During lantern pimento result, fertilizer requirement is comparatively large, and fruiting period should ensure sufficient nutrition, but each growthdevelopmental stage has different again to fertilizer amount demand, and early stage stresses nitrogenous fertilizer, and mid-term stresses potash fertilizer, phase heavy phosphate fertilizer.
Nursery should adopt Nutrition Soil, prepares Nutrition Soil by a certain percentage, requires the porosity about 60% of Nutrition Soil, ph6-7. containing more than rapid available phosphorus 100 mg/kg, more than available potassium 100 mg/kg, available nitrogen 150 mg/kg, loose, fertilizer conservation, water conservation, nutrition is complete.The Nutrition Soil prepared evenly is laid on nursery kind bed (thickness 10 centimetres).
The beneficial effect of lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method is: lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method by set up booth guarantee plant needed for temperature condition; Seedling bed uses high efficiency nutritious soil; Transplant the ventilative power of ridge-up bed prevention waterlogging good; Fertilizing amount and fertilising classification regulate and suitably wait planting measure, can go out high-quality lantern pimento in season, meet the demand in market in kind in each.
Embodiment
preferred embodiment (winter planting's example) is right belowlantern pimento greenhouse gardening method is further described.
Lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method winter planting is undertaken by plantation step below: one, soil prepares: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, deep ploughing intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 20 ~ 40%, soil acidity or alkalinity PH6.5 ~ 8 are regulated with quicklime, open waterlogging-resistant furrow capable, ridge-up bed is wide 30 ~ 50 centimetres, furrow ditch depth 7 ~ 15 centimetres; Two, booth prepares: booth possesses ventilation equipment and warming facility, answers long-term control temperature at 10 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, comprises air themperature and soil temperature, waters the temperature of pouring water; Three, select breeding, select the high seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% carbendazol before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid; Four, nursery prepares: pimento seed broadcasting is on seedling bed, and seedling bed adopts Nutrition Soil, broadcasts sowing rear surface overburden layer 1 ~ 2 centimetre, plants grain and broadcasts sowing spacing 2 ~ 4 centimetres; Five, transplanted seedling, height of seedling 7 ~ 10 centimetres can be transplanted to ridge-up bed, transplanted seedling spacing 10 ~ 15 centimetres, normal root; Six, fertilizer discharges: with 2% urea water pouring shoot root after transplanting; Stage of Top Dressing can execute throwing with the fertilizer mixing of 5 parts, phosphate fertilizer, fertile 2 parts of oxygen, 1 part, potash fertilizer, with good conditionsily uses farmers''s muck, adopts between seedling and applies fertilizer, moistening fertilising; Six, first 15 days of harvest time stopped using agricultural chemicals and bactericidal agent, kept soil moisture content 15 ~ 20%.

Claims (1)

1. lantern pimento greenhouse gardening method, it is characterized in that being undertaken by plantation step below: one, soil prepares: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, deep ploughing intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 20 ~ 40%, regulates soil acidity or alkalinity PH6.5 ~ 8 with quicklime, opens waterlogging-resistant furrow capable, ridge-up bed is wide 30 ~ 50 centimetres, furrow ditch depth 7 ~ 15 centimetres; Two, booth prepares: booth possesses ventilation equipment and warming facility, answers long-term control temperature at 10 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C; Three, select breeding, select the high seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% carbendazol before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid; Four, nursery prepares: pimento seed broadcasting is on seedling bed, and seedling bed adopts Nutrition Soil, broadcasts sowing rear surface overburden layer 1 ~ 2 centimetre; Plant grain Average distance 2 ~ 4 centimetres; Five, transplanted seedling, height of seedling 7 ~ 10 centimetres can be transplanted to ridge-up bed, transplanted seedling spacing 10 ~ 15 centimetres, normal root; Six, fertilizer discharges: with 2% urea water pouring shoot root after transplanting; Stage of Top Dressing can execute throwing with the fertilizer mixing of 5 parts, phosphate fertilizer, fertile 2 parts of oxygen, 1 part, potash fertilizer, adopts between seedling and applies fertilizer, moistening fertilising; Six, first 15 days of harvest time stopped using agricultural chemicals and bactericidal agent, kept soil moisture content 15 ~ 20%.
CN201510838897.XA 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Lantern pimento greenhouse planting method Pending CN105248143A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510838897.XA CN105248143A (en) 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Lantern pimento greenhouse planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510838897.XA CN105248143A (en) 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Lantern pimento greenhouse planting method

Publications (1)

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CN105248143A true CN105248143A (en) 2016-01-20

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794356A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-27 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-yield selenium-rich sweet peppers
CN105850285A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for culturing strong seedlings of pimentos in large batch
CN106212029A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 莆田市意达技术开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Pepper in Greenhouse
CN106856956A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-20 黄德禄 The method of indoor plantation kohlrabi

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002027849A (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-29 Maywa Co Ltd Rice culture method and soil for rice culture
CN102487708A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-13 珠海银基农产品有限公司 Method for growing pepper
CN104094759A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 和县宝兰蔬菜种植有限公司 Sweet pepper greenhouse cultivation method
CN104642077A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-05-27 邵艳艳 Solar greenhouse colorful pimento simple soilless culture technology

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002027849A (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-29 Maywa Co Ltd Rice culture method and soil for rice culture
CN102487708A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-13 珠海银基农产品有限公司 Method for growing pepper
CN104642077A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-05-27 邵艳艳 Solar greenhouse colorful pimento simple soilless culture technology
CN104094759A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 和县宝兰蔬菜种植有限公司 Sweet pepper greenhouse cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
黄良河: "甜椒春早熟高产优质栽培技术", 《福建农业科技》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794356A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-27 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-yield selenium-rich sweet peppers
CN105850285A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for culturing strong seedlings of pimentos in large batch
CN106212029A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 莆田市意达技术开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Pepper in Greenhouse
CN106856956A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-20 黄德禄 The method of indoor plantation kohlrabi

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Application publication date: 20160120