CN105246081A - Communication system, communication device, program and communication control method - Google Patents

Communication system, communication device, program and communication control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105246081A
CN105246081A CN201510527318.XA CN201510527318A CN105246081A CN 105246081 A CN105246081 A CN 105246081A CN 201510527318 A CN201510527318 A CN 201510527318A CN 105246081 A CN105246081 A CN 105246081A
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communication
device
service
node
sensing
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CN201510527318.XA
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CN105246081B (en
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泽井亮
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索尼公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/0426Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes between access points
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/042Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes in downlink direction of a wireless link, i.e. towards terminal

Abstract

There is provided a communication system comprising: a first communication device that senses a communication environment surrounding the first communication device; a second communication device that acquires sensed data sensed by the first communication device; and a third communication device that determines availability of usage of a second communication service using a part or whole of a spectrum assigned to a first communication service based on the sensed data transmitted from the second communication device.

Description

通信系统、通信装置、程序和通信控制方法 Communication system, a communication device, a program, and a communication control method

[0001] 本申请是申请号为201010002314.7、申请日为2010年1月7日、题为“通信系统、 [0001] This application is Application No. 201010002314.7, filed on January 7, 2010, entitled "Communication System,

通信装置、程序和通信控制方法”的发明专利申请的分案申请。 Divisional application communication device, a program, and a communication control method "of Patent Application invention.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及通信系统、通信装置、程序以及通信控制方法。 [0002] The present invention relates to a communication system, a communication device, a program and a communication control method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 最近已经在进行关于以下问题的讨论:依据分配给一次利用(primary usage)的频谱的使用状况,对该频谱进行二次利用(secondary usage),以提供二次通信服务。 [0003] Recent discussions already under way on the following issues: According assigned to the first use (primary usage) of the usage spectrum, the spectrum of secondary use (secondary usage), to provide a secondary communication service. 例如,用于允许美国数字TV广播(TV白空间)的频谱中包含的未用信道可用于无线电通信的标准规范已经在IEEE802.22工作组中有所研究("IEEE802.22WG on WRANs ",[在线],[2009 年1月5 曰检索],cf.1nternet<URL:http://www.1eee802.0rg/22/>)。 For example, the spectrum for allowing U.S. digital TV broadcast (TV white spaces) contained in unused channels are available for radio communication standards has been studied ( "IEEE802.22WG on WRANs" in the IEEE802.22 working group, [ online], [2009 January 5, said retrieval], cf.1nternet <URL: http: //www.1eee802.0rg/22/>). 另夕卜,根据2008年11月来自联邦通信委员会(FCC)的报告,讨论涉及以下问题:通过使用因为符合一定的标准而被授权的特定通信装置,来允许对TV白空间的二次利用("SecondReport and Order and Memorandum Opin1n and Order",[在线],[2009 年1 月5 日检索],cf.1nternet〈URL:http://hraunfoss.fee.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-08-260A1.pdf>)。 Bu the other evening, according to a report from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in November 2008, to discuss the following issues related to: by using a specific communication device as meet certain criteria and be authorized to allow secondary use of TV white spaces ( "SecondReport and Order and Memorandum Opin1n and Order", [online], [retrieved 2009 January 5], cf.1nternet <URL: http: //hraunfoss.fee.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-08-260A1 .pdf>). 此外,EU领导着这样的行动,即,普遍地分配一专用控制信道,该专用控制信道被称为认知导频信道(cognitive pilot channel,CPC),用于进行动态频谱接入(dynamic spectrum access, DSA) 0对于进行DSA的二次利用系统的技术研究在IEEE标准协调委员会(SCC)41中也在进展着。 In addition, EU led such action, i.e., generally assigned a dedicated control channel, the dedicated control channel is called the cognitive pilot channel (cognitive pilot channel, CPC), for performing dynamic spectrum access (dynamic spectrum access , DSA) 0 secondary use for the study of technical system's DSA in the IEEE standards coordinating Committee (SCC) is also in progress with 41.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 然而,在二次利用系统的实现中,还没有报告这样的情况,即给出一种系统模型,该系统模型对要被结合到加入系统的通信装置中的功能进行分类,以便能够基于这种分类来高效实现频谱的二次利用。 [0004] However, in the implementation of a secondary usage system, such a case has not been reported, i.e., presents a system model, the system model is to be incorporated into the apparatus function of the communication system is added to the classification to be able to efficient use of spectrum to achieve the second based on this classification.

[0005] 鉴于以上情况,希望提供一种使能高效实现频谱的二次利用的新颖且改进的通信系统、通信装置、程序和通信控制方法。 [0005] In view of the above circumstances, it is desirable to provide a secondary spectrum efficiently achieved using novel and improved communication system, communication apparatus, communication control method and a program.

[0006] 根据本发明的一个实施例,提供了一种通信系统,包括:第一通信装置,该第一通信装置感测该第一通信装置周围的通信环境;第二通信装置,该第二通信装置获取由第一通信装置所感测的感测数据(sensed data);以及第三通信装置,该第三通信装置基于从第二通信装置发送来的感测数据,判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 [0006] According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a communication system, comprising: a first communication device, the first communication means sensing the communication environment surrounding the first communication device; a second communication means, the second acquiring communication apparatus by the first communication device sensed by the sensing data (sensed data); and a third communication device, the third communication device based on the transmitted second communication device from the sensed data, it is determined to use assigned to the first feasibility or all of the second communication service using the spectrum of communication services part.

[0007] 基于感测数据,当第二通信服务要使用的频谱未被第一通信服务实际使用时,第三通信装置可判定频谱可用于第二通信服务。 [0007] Based on the sensed data, when a spectrum of the second communication service to use a first communication service is not actually used, the third communication device may determine the spectrum may be used for the second communication service.

[0008] 当第三通信装置判定第二通信服务的利用可行时,第三通信装置可请求另一通信装置允许开始第二通信服务的利用。 [0008] When using the third communication device determines that the second communication service is available, the third communication device may request another communication device allows the use of start of the second communication service.

[0009] 第三通信装置可以是被预先允许决定开始第二通信服务的利用的装置,并且,当第三通信装置判定第二通信服务的利用可行时,第三通信装置可开始第二通信服务。 [0009] The third communication device may be allowed to be determined in advance using the apparatus of the second communication service is started and, when the third communication apparatus is determined using the second communication service is available, the third communication device may start the second communication service .

[0010] 第三通信装置还可从能够判定第二通信服务的利用的可行性的另一通信装置接收由该另一通信装置获取的感测数据,并且基于所接收的感测数据来判定第二通信服务的服务区域的扩展的可行性。 [0010] The third communication device may also be able to determine the sensed data from another communication device receives the feasibility of using the second communication service acquired by the another communication device, and based on the sensed data to the determination of the received expanded service area of ​​the second communication service feasibility.

[0011] 由该另一通信装置获取的感测数据可以是由再另一个通信装置感测的感测数据。 [0011] The acquired by another communication device may be sensed data sensed data sensed by the sensing yet another communication device.

[0012] 第二通信装置可把由另一通信装置获取的感测数据和由第二通信装置获取的感测数据发送到第三通信装置。 [0012] The second communication device may transmit sensed data acquired by another communication device and the second communication apparatus acquired by the sensed data to a third communications device.

[0013] 第三通信装置可把从第一通信装置或第二通信装置发送的用于第一通信服务的通信分组中继到另一通信装置。 [0013] The third communication device may be the first communication from the communication device or the second communication means for transmitting a first packet communication service to another communication relaying device.

[0014] 第三通信装置可从另一通信装置获取规章信息,并且还基于该规章信息来判定第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 [0014] The third communication device may acquire regulatory information from another communication apparatus, and also based on the rules information to determine the feasibility of using a second communication service.

[0015] 第三通信装置可把关于感测数据的硬判决的结果发送到向之请求允许开始第二通信服务的利用的通信装置。 [0015] The third communication device may be the result of hard decision on the sensed data transmitted to the requesting permission to use the communication apparatus starts the second communication service.

[0016] 第三通信装置可通过相互比较由多个通信装置获取的感测数据来评估每个感测数据的可靠性。 [0016] The third communication device may evaluate reliability of each sensed data by comparing the sensed data acquired from each other by a plurality of communication devices.

[0017] 第二通信装置可通过使用自治分布式通信协议来与获取感测数据的那另一通信装置执行通信。 [0017] The second communication device may perform communication by using the autonomous distributed communication protocol with another communication device that acquires sensed data.

[0018] 根据本发明的另一实施例,提供了一种通信装置,包括:通信单元,该通信单元接收由另一通信装置感测到的与该另一通信装置周围的通信环境有关的感测数据;以及判定单元,该判定单元判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 [0018] According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a communication apparatus, comprising: a communication unit, the communication unit receives a sense related to the communication environment surrounding another communication device sensed by the sensing device to another communication measurement data; and a determination means, the determination means determines the feasibility of using a first communication service are allocated to a part or all of the spectrum of the second communication service.

[0019] 根据本发明的另一实施例,提供了一种程序,该程序使得控制通信装置的计算机实现包括以下各单元的功能:通信单元,该通信单元接收由另一通信装置感测到的与该另一通信装置周围的通信环境有关的感测数据;以及判定单元,该判定单元判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 [0019] According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a program, the program causing a computer controlling a communication device implemented comprises the following functional units: a communication unit, the communication unit receives sensed by the sensing device to another communication the sensed data relating to the communication environment surrounding another communication device; and a determination means, the determining means determines to use the first communication service is allocated to the spectrum of the second part or all of the feasibility of using the communication service.

[0020] 根据本发明的另一实施例,提供了一种通信控制方法,包括以下步骤:利用第一通信装置感测该第一通信装置周围的通信环境;利用第二通信装置获取由第一通信装置所感测的感测数据;以及利用第三通信装置基于所获取的感测数据来判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 [0020] According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a communication control method, comprising the steps of: using a first communication means for sensing the communication environment surrounding the first communication device; using the second communication apparatus acquired by the first sensing data of the sensing means sensed a communication; and based on the acquired sensed data to determine the feasibility of using a first communication service is allocated to a part or all of the spectrum of the second communication service using a third communication device.

[0021] 根据上述的本发明的实施例,可以提供使能高效实现频谱的二次利用的通信系统、通信装置、程序和通信控制方法。 [0021] According to the above-described embodiment of the present invention, there can be provided a communication system capable of efficient implementation of secondary usage of a spectrum, a communication device, a program, and a communication control method.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1是示出根据一实施例的通信装置的硬件配置的示例的框图。 [0022] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an example of a hardware configuration of a communication apparatus according to an embodiment.

[0023] 图2是示出根据第一实施例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0023] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing the configuration of a communication system according to the first embodiment.

[0024] 图3是示出图2的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0024] FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a functional layout in the communication system of FIG. 2.

[0025]图4是示出根据第一实施例的替换示例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0025] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a configuration of a communication system of a first alternative exemplary embodiment.

[0026] 图5是示出图4的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0026] FIG. 5 is a block diagram illustrating a functional layout in the communication system 4 in FIG.

[0027] 图6是示出根据第二实施例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0027] FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a configuration of a communication system of a second embodiment.

[0028] 图7是示出图6的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0028] FIG. 7 is a block diagram illustrating a functional layout in the communication system of FIG. 6.

[0029] 图8是示出根据第三实施例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0029] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing the configuration of a communication system according to the third embodiment.

[0030] 图9是示出图8的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0030] FIG. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a functional layout in the communication system 8 of FIG.

[0031] 图10是示出根据第四实施例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0031] FIG. 10 is a diagram showing the configuration of a communication system according to the fourth embodiment.

[0032] 图11是示出图10的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0032] FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating an example of a functional layout in the communication system of FIG 10 in a block diagram.

[0033] 图12是示出根据第五实施例的通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0033] FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the configuration of a communication system according to the fifth embodiment.

[0034] 图13是示出图12的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0034] FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing an example of a functional layout in the communication system 12.

[0035] 图14是示出实现频谱的二次利用的一般通信系统的配置的示意图。 [0035] FIG. 14 is a diagram showing a general configuration of a communication system implementation of secondary usage of a spectrum is shown.

[0036] 图15是示出图14的通信系统中的功能布局的示例的框图。 [0036] FIG. 15 is a block diagram illustrating a functional layout in the communication system 14 of FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0037] 下面,将参考附图详细描述本发明的优选实施例。 [0037] Next, with reference to the accompanying drawings of the detailed description of preferred embodiments of the present invention. 注意,在本说明书和附图中,具有基本相同的功能和结构的结构元件用相同的标号来表示,并且对这些结构元件的重复说明被省略。 Note that, in this specification and the appended drawings, structural elements that have substantially the same function and structure are denoted with the same reference numerals, and repetition of these structural elements is omitted explanation.

[0038] 下面将按以下顺序来描述本发明的优选实施例。 [0038] Next will be described in the following order according to the present preferred embodiments of the invention.

[0039] 1.频谱的二次利用的功能分类 [0039] 1. The secondary usage of a spectrum of functional classification

[0040] 2.通信装置的示例性配置 [0040] 2. Exemplary Configuration of a communication device

[0041] 3.通信系统的示例性配置 [0041] 3. Exemplary Configuration of Communication System

[0042] 4.节点之间交换的数据的示例 Example exchanged between [0042] 4. The node data

[0043] <1.频谱的二次利用的功能分类〉 [0043] <1. Classification function using the spectrum of the secondary>

[0044] 首先,下面列出了为了实现频谱的二次利用而将被结合到加入系统的通信装置中的主要功能(FC:功能类)。 [0044] First, the following is a list of secondary usage of a spectrum in order to achieve and will be added to the communication device incorporated in the system, the main functions (FC: Function Class). 加入系统的通信装置结合了以下列出的七个功能(FC1至FC7)中的一个或多个。 Communicating apparatus system incorporates seven following list of functions (FC1 to FC7) of one or more.

[0045] FC1: 二次通信认证节点 [0045] FC1: Secondary communication authentication node

[0046] FC2:—次通信中继节点 [0046] FC2: - secondary communication relay node

[0047] FC3:高级判定节点(advanced determinat1n node) [0047] FC3: Advanced determination node (advanced determinat1n node)

[0048] FC4:判定节点 [0048] FC4: decision node

[0049] FC5:智能感测节点(smart sensor node) [0049] FC5: smart sensor node (smart sensor node)

[0050] FC6:感测节点 [0050] FC6: sense node

[0051] FC7:通信节点 [0051] FC7: Communication node

[0052] [1-1.二次通信认证节点(FC1)] [0052] [1-1. Secondary communication authentication node (FCl)]

[0053] 二次通信认证节点(FC1)在下文中描述的高级判定节点或判定节点判定频谱的二次利用可行时,根据频谱策略来允许与二次利用有关的通信服务(以下称为第二通信服务)的开始或扩展。 Advanced secondary use of [0053] secondary communication authentication node (FCl) described hereinafter determination node or the determination node determines spectrum feasible, according to the spectrum policy and to allow a communication service related to secondary usage (hereinafter, referred to as a second communication service) start or expand. 例如,二次通信认证节点保存有一黑名单,该黑名单列出了过去曾进行过不正当的频谱利用的装置的认证ID、终端ID、装置ID、传感器ID等等。 For example, the secondary communication authentication node has stored a black list, the black list lists the authentication ID in the past been unfair spectrum utilization apparatus, the terminal ID, device ID, etc. Sensor ID. 二次通信认证节点随后对照该黑名单来核对请求了开始或扩展第二通信服务的节点的ID,并且当该节点的ID不存在于黑名单上时,可以允许第二通信服务的开始或扩展。 Secondary communication authentication node then controls the blacklist a node ID is requested to check the start or extension of the second communication service, and when the node ID is not present in the black list may be allowed to start or extension of the second communication service . 如果知晓第一通信服务的流量的基站是该二次通信认证节点,则该二次通信认证节点可以基于用户流量的历史来识别出许多信道空闲的时间段或区域。 If its flow rate is a first communication service station to the secondary communication authentication node, the secondary communication authentication node may be based on historical user traffic to identify a number of channel idle time period or zone. 二次通信认证节点随后可通过允许在许多信道空闲的时间段或区域允许二次利用,来尝试对频谱进行高效使用。 Secondary communication authentication node may then permit secondary usage by allowing many channel idle time period or region, to try to use the spectrum efficiently. 另外,二次通信认证节点可以生成、获取或更新将被高级判定节点或判定节点用于判定二次利用的可行性的信息,并将该信息提供给高级判定节点或判定节点。 Further, the secondary communication authentication node may generate, acquire or update will be advanced determination node or the determination node information for determining the availability of secondary usage, and provides the information to the advanced determination node or the determination node. 将被用于判定二次利用的可行性的信息例如包含基于地域或者基于服务区域的规章信息,例如可用于感测的电力水平以及由邻近基站提供的系统信息(例如,当前使用的频带或带宽)。 The information is used to determine availability of secondary usage, for example, comprises information based on rules-based or local service area, for example, for sensing the level of power provided by the system information and neighboring base stations (e.g., band or bandwidth currently in use ). 二次通信认证节点因此可充当第二通信服务的所谓协调者。 Secondary communication authentication node may therefore act as a so-called coordinator of the second communication service.

[0054] 存在两种二次通信认证节点:永久二次通信认证节点和临时二次通信认证节点。 [0054] There are two secondary communication authentication nodes: a permanent secondary communication authentication node and a temporary secondary communication authentication node. 永久二次通信认证节点是因为其符合由法令等等设定的预定标准而被授权协调第二通信服务的通信装置。 Permanent secondary communication authentication node because it meets a predetermined criterion set by the statute or the like and a communication device is authorized to coordinate the second communication service. 另一方面,临时二次通信认证节点是因为其根据通信环境等等符合特定标准而接收来自永久二次通信认证节点的授权并从而在所授予的权限的范围内(例如,在有限的频率信道或资源块的范围内,或者在特定最大值以下的发送功率的范围内)临时协调第二通信服务的通信装置。 On the other hand, the temporary secondary communication authentication node because it receives authorization from the permanent secondary communication authentication node in accordance with a communication environment, etc., and thereby meet certain criteria within the scope of permission granted (e.g., in a limited frequency channel or in a range of resource blocks, or within the scope of the following specific maximum value of transmission power) temporary coordinating communications device of the second communication service. 这里,对通信服务的“协调”例如可包括为该通信服务分配资源。 Here, the communication service of "coordination" for example, may include communication service for the allocation of resources. 临时二次通信认证节点例如可通过与永久二次通信认证节点相互交换调度信息,来为第二通信服务执行合作式资源分配。 Temporary secondary communication authentication node may, for example, by the permanent secondary communication authentication node to exchange scheduling information with each other, to perform collaborative resource allocation for the second communication service. 另外,永久二次通信认证节点在向临时二次通信认证节点授予协调第二通信服务的权限时,可以通过把接收临时权限的节点所知的流量与永久二次通信认证节点本身所知的流量相匹配,来验证临时二次通信认证节点的可靠性。 In addition, permanent secondary communication authentication node in a second communication service coordination to grant permission to the temporary secondary communication authentication node, through the flow of traffic node itself known to receive temporary permission of known and permanent secondary communication authentication node match, to verify the reliability of the temporary secondary communication authentication node. 这里采用对可靠性的验证是为了确保接收临时权限的节点的感测能力能够准确地确定信道的状况。 Verification of reliability herein is adopted to ensure the ability to sense node receiving a temporary authority can determine accurately the channel conditions. 在此情况下,例如,请求临时权限的节点首先向永久二次通信认证节点发送流量测量值和与流量测量值有关的时间信息。 In this case, for example, a node requesting a temporary authority firstly transmits flow measurements and flow measurements and time information relating to the permanent secondary communication authentication node. 然后,永久二次通信认证节点将接收到的流量测量值与其自己保存的(实际)流量值相匹配。 Then, the permanent secondary communication authentication node received its own traffic measurements stored (actual) flow rate values ​​match. 永久二次通信认证节点随后仅在接收到的流量测量值被验证为正确的情况下给予协商第二通信服务的临时权限。 Permanent secondary communication authentication node then only temporary permission is verified for the correct administration of the case where the second communication service negotiation in the received flow measurements. 此时,永久二次通信认证节点可以通过为临时二次通信认证节点提供关于可用信道、频带或时隙的信息来间接给予权限。 At this time, the permanent secondary communication authentication node can provide information about available channel, band or time slots for the temporary secondary communication authentication node indirectly given permission.

[0055] [1-2.一次通信中继节点(FC2)] [0055] [1-2. Primary communication relay node (FC2)]

[0056] —次通信中继节点(FC2)充当伪基站或接入点,该伪基站或接入点在与和一次利用有关的通信服务(以下称之为第一通信服务)相连接时允许附近的节点使用第一通信服务。 [0056] - Ci communication relay node (FC2) acts as a pseudo base station or access point, the pseudo base station or access point and allows the primary use during a communication service related (hereinafter referred to as a first communication service) is connected to nearby nodes to use the first communication service.

[0057] [1-3.高级判定节点(FC3)] [0057] [1-3. Advanced determination node (FC3)]

[0058] 高级判定节点(FC3)基于从下文描述的判定节点获取的二次通信配置信息(profile)来判定与二次利用有关的通信网络(以下称之为第二通信网络)的扩展是否可行。 [0058] The advanced determination node (FC3) based on the determination node acquires from the following description of the secondary communication profile (Profile) relating to the determination of secondary usage of a communication network (hereinafter referred to as a second communication network) extended the feasibility . 二次通信配置信息通常包含感测数据(包括根据感测数据而以统计方式计算的链路数据),这将在下文中具体描述。 The secondary communication profile typically contains sensed data (including link data from the sensed data statistically calculated), which will be described hereinafter. 二次通信配置信息还可包含每个第二通信服务的调度信息。 The secondary communication profile may further contain scheduling information for each of the second communication service. 二次通信配置信息还可包含分配给每个判定节点的频谱策略的标识符等等。 The secondary communication profile may further contain an identifier of the spectrum policy and the like assigned to each determination node. 例如,当根据多个判定节点所遵守的规章信息指定的要使用的标准值或数据库服务器为共同的时,高级判定节点可判定将第二通信网络扩展到属于另一第二通信网络的节点是可行的。 For example, when a plurality of determination standard values ​​in accordance with the database server or node information specifying compliance regulations to be used as the common time, the advanced determination node may determine the extension of the second communication network to a node belonging to another second communication network is feasible. 或者,当所有的第二通信网络都满足由多个规章信息指定的标准值中最严格的那个时,高级判定节点可判定第二通信网络的扩展可行。 Alternatively, the second communication network when all meet standard values ​​specified by the plurality of the most stringent regulatory information that, the advanced determination node determines that extension of the second communication network is available. 或者,当由于查询根据规章信息而许可的数据库服务器而发现共同可用的频带时,高级判定节点可以决定通过利用共同的频带来扩展第二通信网络。 Alternatively, when the database server according to the regulation because the query information discovered licensed band commonly available, the advanced determination node may decide to extend a common frequency band by using the second communication network. 另外,在属于某一第二通信网络的某一节点希望与属于另一第二通信网络的另一节点执行数据交换时,高级判定节点可以仅出于对希望的数据进行中继或多跳传输的目的来把一第二通信网络的区域扩展到属于另一第二通信网络的另一节点。 Further, when performing data exchange with another node belonging to another second communication network at a node wishes to belong to a second communication network, the advanced determination node may be desirable for only the data transmission or multi-hop relaying extension region of the object to a second communication network to another node belonging to another second communication network. 另外,当可以通过利用基于波束形成或发送功率控制的干扰控制技术来在不对第一通信服务造成不利影响的情况下提高最大发送功率时,高级判定节点可以判定第二通信网络的扩展可行。 Further, when the maximum transmit power can be increased by using a case where the interference control techniques to not adversely affect the communication service based on a first beam forming or transmission power control, the advanced determination node determines that extension of the second communication network may be feasible. 如果高级判定节点判定第二通信网络的扩展可行,则它请求二次通信认证节点允许第二通信网络的扩展。 If the advanced determination node determines that extension of the second communication network is available, it requests the secondary communication authentication node to permit extension of the second communication network. 通常,高级判定节点也具有下文描述的判定节点的功能。 Typically, the advanced determination node determines that the node also has the function hereinafter described. 应当注意,当高级判定节点和二次通信认证节点存在于同一实体装置上时,高级判定节点和二次通信认证节点之间的通信是以逻辑功能之间的通信的形式来执行的(或者该通信可以被省略)。 It should be noted that, when the advanced determination node and the secondary communication authentication node exist on the same physical device in the form of communication between the advanced determination based on communication between the node and logical functions secondary communication authentication node is performed (or the communication may be omitted). 另一方面,当高级判定节点和二次通信认证节点存在于不同实体装置上时,高级判定节点和二次通信认证节点之间的通信是利用无线链路或有线链路来执行的。 On the other hand, when the advanced determination node and the secondary communication authentication node exist on different physical means, between the advanced determination node and the secondary communication authentication node is a communication using wireless ling or wired link performed. 这里的无线链路例如可以是基于第一通信服务的无线链路。 Here, for example, the wireless link may be a wireless link based on the first communication service. 这里的有线链路可以是私有网络(例如,核心网络)上或者公共网络(例如,ADSL)上的链路。 The wired link herein may be a private network (e.g., core network) or a public network (e.g., the ADSL) link over.

[0059] [1-4.判定节点(FC4)] [0059] [1-4. Determination node (FC4)]

[0060] 判定节点(FC4)基于由下文中描述的智能感测节点或感测节点(其可与判定节点实现在同一装置上,或者可与判定节点实现在不同装置上)所感测或获取的感测数据,根据频谱策略,来判定频谱的二次利用是否可行。 [0060] The determination node (FC4) based on the smart sensor node or the sense node is described by the following (which may be implemented with decision nodes on the same device, or may be implemented with decision nodes on different devices) sensed or acquired sensing data, based on spectrum policy, secondary use of spectrum to determine whether it is feasible. 判定节点例如可以在目标频带中测量的接收信号的功率水平或能量(或者其在一定时段中的平均值)低于由规章信息(或者由规章信息所许可的数据库服务器)指定的标准值时判定频谱的二次利用可行。 When it is determined power level or energy (or an average value in a certain period) of received signal decision node may be measured, for example, the target band is below a standard value designated by the regulatory information (or by a database server regulatory information permitted) secondary spectrum use is feasible. 或者,判定节点可以判定,对于基于从下行链路参考信号获取的调度信息而被认为空闲的信道,二次利用可行。 Alternatively, the determination node may determine, based on the scheduling information for the downlink reference signal obtained from the channel is considered idle, the secondary usage is available. 或者判定节点可以判定,对于基于所感测或获取的数据而被选择为二次利用的目标的频带,频谱的二次利用可行。 Or the determination node may determine, based on the sensed or for the acquired data is selected as a target of secondary usage of a frequency band, possible secondary usage of spectrum. 如果判定节点判定频谱的二次利用可行,则它请求二次通信认证节点允许第二通信服务的开始。 If the determination node determines that secondary usage of a spectrum is possible, it requests the secondary communication authentication node to permit start of the second communication service. 然后,如果二次通信认证节点允许了第二通信服务的开始,则判定节点例如通过向附近的通信装置发送信标来邀请第二通信服务的用户,并且开始第二通信服务。 Then, if the secondary communication authentication node allows the start of the second communication service, for example, by the user node close to the communication device transmits a beacon to invite the second communication service, and starts the second communication service determination. 判定节点所发送的信标可被附近的通信装置用于与第二通信服务有关的系统信息等等的检测、同步、获取。 Decision node beacon may be transmitted by a communication device for detecting a nearby second communication service system and related information and the like, the synchronization acquisition. 例如,一次同步信号和二次同步信号、PBCH (物理广播信道)上的信号等等是上述信标的示例。 For example, primary synchronization signal and secondary synchronization signal, signals and the like on the PBCH (Physical Broadcast Channel) is an example of the above-described beacons. 判定节点从而充当从第一通信服务切换到第二通信服务的认知无线电的引擎。 Determination node thus serves as switching from the first cognitive radio communication service to the second communication service engines. 另外,判定节点响应于来自上述高级判定节点的指令而生成二次通信配置信息,并将该配置信息发送给高级判定节点。 Further, in response to the determination node from the advanced determination node generates instruction secondary communication configuration information and the configuration information to the advanced determination node. 应当注意,与以上关于高级判定节点的描述类似,判定节点和二次通信认证节点之间的通信也是以逻辑功能之间的通信的形式执行的(在它们处于同一装置上的情况下。但上述通信处理可被省略)或者是以使用无线链路或有线链路的通信的形式执行的(在它们处于不同装置上的情况下)。 It should be noted that, with respect to the above description is similar to the advanced determination node, the determination node and the communication between the secondary communication authentication node is also performed as a communication between logical functions (on the same device where they are in. However, the above in the form of the communication processing can be omitted) or is using a wireless or wired link communication performed (in the case where they are on different devices).

[0061] [1-5.智能感测节点(FC5)] [0061] [1-5. Smart sensor node (FC5)]

[0062] 智能感测节点(FC5)从位于其自身装置附近的感测节点或智能感测节点获取与每个节点中存储的通信环境有关的感测数据。 [0062] The smart sensor node (FC5) acquires sensed data related to a communication environment stored in each node from the node in its own sense node or the smart sensor device nearby. 智能感测节点还可把在其自身装置中感测的感测数据添加到所获取的感测数据(或者仅使用在其自身装置中感测到的感测数据)。 The smart sensor node may further add sensed in its own device sensing data to the acquired sensed data (or only sensed in its own device, sensed data). 智能感测节点从而充当能够与附近节点相合作来获取二次利用判定所需的感测数据的扩展传感器。 The smart sensor node thus serves to cooperate with the relative extension nearby nodes acquired by the determination of the secondary sensor sensing data required. 另外,智能感测节点响应于来自智能感测节点或判定节点的指令而发送所存储的感测数据。 Further, the smart sensor node in response to an instruction from the smart sensor node or the determination node transmits the stored sensed data.

[0063] [1-6.感测节点(FC6)] [0063] [1-6. Sense node (FC6)]

[0064] 感测节点(FC6)感测其自身装置周围的通信环境并生成感测数据。 [0064] The sensing node (FC6) senses the communication environment surrounding its own device and generates sensed data. 如下文中详细描述的,感测数据通常是指示出与第一通信服务有关的周围通信环境的数据。 As described in detail below, the sensed data is typically data indicating the first communication service relating to the surrounding communication environment. 例如,第一通信服务的接收信号的功率水平或能量或者调度信息可被用作指示周围通信环境的数据。 For example, the received signal power level of the first communication service or the energy or the scheduling information can be used as data indicating the surrounding communication environment. 感测节点从而充当生成二次利用判定所需的感测数据的传感器。 Sensing sensor node thus serves to generate the required determination of secondary usage sensing data. 另外,感测数据响应于来自智能感测节点或判定节点的指令而发送所生成的感测数据。 Further, data sensed data sensed in response to an instruction from the smart sensor node or the determination node transmits the generated.

[0065] [1-7.通信节点(FC7)] [0065] [1-7. Communication Node (FC7)]

[0066] 通信节点(FC7)在频谱的二次利用可行时利用第二通信服务来执行通信。 [0066] The communication node (FC7) performs communication using the second communication service when secondary usage of a spectrum is feasible. 通信节点从而充当一般通信装置。 The communication node thus serves as a general communication device. 用于第二通信服务的通信协议例如可以是诸如IEEE802.lla/b/g/n/s、Zigbee或WiMedia之类的期望通信协议。 A communication protocol of the second communication service may be, for example, such as a desired communication protocol IEEE802.lla / b / g / n / s, Zigbee or WiMedia or the like.

[0067] [1-8.术语“二次利用”的范围] [0067] [1-8. Scope of the term "secondary usage" of]

[0068] 在本说明书中,术语“二次利用”通常指的是如上所述使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部来利用额外的或作为替换的通信服务(第二通信服务)。 [0068] In the present specification, the term "secondary usage" generally refers to the use of a spectrum assigned to a first communication service as described above, a part or all be utilized as an alternative or additional communication service (a second communication service ). 在关于术语“二次利用”的含义的这个上下文中,第一通信服务和第二通信服务可以是不同类型或相同类型的服务。 In this context about the meaning of the term "secondary usage" of the first communication service and the second communication service may be a different type or the same type of service. 不同类型的服务可以是从诸如以下服务中选出的服务:数字TV广播服务、卫星通信服务、移动通信服务、无线LAN接入服务、P2P (对等)连接服务等等。 Different types of service may be selected from services such as the following services: digital TV broadcasting service, satellite communication service, mobile communication service, wireless LAN access service, are P2P (Peer to Peer) connection service and the like. 另一方面,相同类型的服务例如可包含由通信运营商提供的宏小区(macro-cell)的服务和由用户或MVN0(移动虚拟网运营者)操作的微小区(femto-cell)的服务之间的关系。 On the other hand, the same type of service may include, for example, provided by a communication carrier macro cell (macro-cell) services and micro cell (femto-cell) by a user or MVN0 (mobile virtual network operator) operates the service the relationship between. 另外,相同类型的服务例如可包含由通信服务的基站根据WiMAX、LTE (长期演进)、LTE-A(高级LTE)等等提供的服务和由中继站(中继节点)为了覆盖频谱漏洞而提供的服务之间的关系。 Further, the same type of service and for the cover may comprise, for example, the vulnerability spectrum provided by a relay station (relay node) by a base station of a communication service according to the service provided by the WiMAX, LTE (Long Term Evolution), LTE-A (Advanced LTE), etc. the relationship between the service. 另外,第二通信服务可以是利用多个碎片式频带的服务,这多个碎片式频带被利用频谱聚集技术来聚集。 Further, the second communication service may be fragmented frequency bands using a plurality of services, which use a plurality of fragmented frequency bands are spectrum aggregation technique to aggregate. 另外,第二通信服务可以是由微小区、中继站或者正常大小基站的服务区域内的用于比正常大小基站的服务区域更小的服务区域的小型或中型基站所提供的补充通信服务。 Further, the second communication service may be a supplementary communication service by a small or medium sized base stations for smaller service area than normal sized base stations within the service area of ​​the service area of ​​a micro cell, a relay station, or a normal sized base station is provided. 本说明书中描述的每个实施例的主题可以应用到这种二次利用的每种模式。 Subject matter of each embodiment described in this specification may be applied to such a mode of secondary usage of each.

[0069] <2.通信装置的示例性配置> [0069] <2. Exemplary Configuration of communication device>

[0070] 下面描述结合了前一节中列出的功能FC1至FC7中的一个或多个的通信装置的配置。 [0070] The following describes a configuration which combines the former one of the listed functions FC1 to FC7 or a plurality of communication devices.

[0071] 图1是示出根据本发明一实施例的通信装置的硬件配置的示例的框图。 [0071] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an example of a hardware communication apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention is arranged. 参考图1,根据一实施例的通信装置包括中央处理单元(CPU) 22、只读存储器(ROM) 24、随机存取存储器(RAM) 26、总线30、输入/输出接口32、输入装置40、输出装置42、存储装置44、通信接口(I/F)46以及驱动器50。 Referring to FIG 1, according to an embodiment of the communication apparatus includes a central processing unit (CPU) 22, a read only memory (ROM) 24, random access memory (RAM) 26 embodiment, bus 30, input / output interface 32, an input device 40, an output device 42, storage device 44, a communication interface (I / F) 46 and a driver 50.

[0072] 在图1中,CPU 22整体上控制通用计算机的操作。 [0072] In FIG. 1, a general purpose computer controlling operation of the whole CPU 22. ROM 24存储被CPU 22执行的程序、数据等等。 ROM 24 stores a program to be executed by CPU 22, data and the like. RAM 26在CPU 22执行处理期间临时存储程序或数据。 RAM 26 temporarily stores programs executed during processing or data in CPU 22.

[0073] CPU 22、ROM 24和RAM 26通过总线30与彼此相连。 [0073] CPU 22, ROM 24 and RAM 26 30 are connected to each other by a bus. 输入/输出接口32也连接到总线30。 The input / output interface 32 is also connected to the bus 30.

[0074] 输入/输出接口32将CPU 22、ROM 24和RAM 26与输入装置40、输出装置42、存储装置44、通信接口46和驱动器50相连接。 [0074] The input / output interface 32 to CPU 22, ROM 24 and RAM 26 and an input device 40, output device 42, storage device 44, a communication interface 46 and a drive 50 are connected.

[0075] 输入装置40例如接收用户通过按钮、开关、控制杆、鼠标、键盘、触摸面板等等输入的指令或信息。 [0075] The input device 40, for example, the user through a button, a switch, a lever instructions or information, a mouse, a keyboard, a touch panel or the like is input. 输出装置42例如通过诸如阴极射线管(CRT)、液晶显示器或有机发光二极管(OLED)之类的显示装置、诸如灯之类的发光装置或者诸如扬声器之类音频输出装置向用户输出信息。 An output device 42 such as a cathode ray tube display device (CRT), liquid crystal display or an organic light emitting diode (OLED) or the like, such as a lamp or a light-emitting device such as a speaker, for example, an audio output device outputs information to a user. 存储装置44例如由硬盘驱动器或闪存构成,并且存储程序、数据等等。 Storage device 44 is constituted by, for example, a hard disk drive or flash memory, and stores programs, data and the like. 通信接口46为第一通信服务或第二通信服务协调通信处理。 The communication interface 46 to a first communication service or the second communication service to coordinate communication process. 可移除介质52根据需求被加载到驱动器50中。 Removable medium 52 is loaded into the drive 50 as required.

[0076] 前一节中列出的功能FC1至FC7中的每一个例如可实现为软件。 [0076] The functions listed in the previous section FC1 to FC7 each may be implemented as software, for example. 在每个功能被实现为软件的情况下,例如,构成软件的程序被存储在图1所示的ROM 24或存储装置44中,在执行时被加载到RAM 26中并被CPU 22执行。 In the case where each function is implemented as software, for example, a program constituting the software is stored in the ROM 24 or the storage device 144 shown in FIG, when executed is loaded and stored in the RAM 26 CPU 22 performs. 相应地,CPU 22例如可以充当二次通信认证节点(FC1)、一次通信中继节点(FC2)、高级判定节点(FC3)、判定节点(FC4)、智能感测节点(FC5)、感测节点(FC6)或通信节点(FC7)。 Accordingly, CPU 22 may function, for example, the secondary communication authentication node (FC1), the primary communication relay node (FC2), the advanced determination node (FC3), the determination node (FC4), the smart sensor node (FC5), the sense node (FC6) or the communication node (FC7). 或者,每个功能可通过使用额外安装到通信装置的专用处理器来实现为硬件。 Alternatively, each function may be implemented as a dedicated hardware processor mounted to the communication device through the additional use.

[0077] 〈3.通信系统的示例性配置> [0077] <3. Exemplary Configuration of Communication System>

[0078] 下面描述由各自具有功能FC1至FC7中的一个或多个的通信装置构成的通信系统。 [0078] The following describes a communication system having a function of a respective FC1 to FC7 or a plurality of communication devices configured.

[0079] [3-1.一般系统配置] [0079] [3-1. General System Configuration]

[0080] 图14是示出符合IEEE 802.22标准规范的一般通信系统9的配置示例的示意图。 [0080] FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram illustrating a configuration example of a general communication system complying with IEEE 802.22 standard specification 9. 图14中带圈的数字对应于以上描述的功能(FC)的编号。 Digital circled number in FIG. 14 corresponds to a function (FC) described above. 图15是示出图14所示的通信系统9中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 FIG 15 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a functional layout among devices in the communication system 9 shown in FIG. 14 is shown in FIG.

[0081] 参考图14,通信系统9包括基站900、三个通信装置910、以及感测装置920。 [0081] Referring to FIG 14, the communication system 9 includes a base station 900, three communication devices 910, 920 and a sensing device. 三个通信装置910和感测装置920位于可能与基站900通信的区域902内。 Three communication device 910 and sensing device 920 is located within the area 902 may communicate with base station 900. 基站900通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 The base station 900 is connected via a network 12 to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0082] 信息处理装置10通过利用通过网络12连接的基站900来向位于基站900附近的通信装置提供第一通信服务。 [0082] The information processing apparatus 10 by using the base station 900 connected through the network 12 to provide the first communication service to the communication device 900 is located near the base station. 第一通信服务例如可以是数字TV广播服务或者另一种通信服务。 A first communication service, for example, may be a digital TV broadcast service, or another communication service.

[0083] 基站900向位于区域902内的装置提供上述第一通信服务。 [0083] The base station 900 providing service to the first communication apparatus located within the area 902. 另外,基站900对在分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未被使用的一部分(或全部)频谱的二次利用进行协调。 Further, base station 900 in a part of the spectrum assigned to the first communication service is not used (or all) of secondary usage of a spectrum coordination.

[0084] 更具体而言,如图15所示,基站900作为上述的二次通信认证节点(FC1)、判定节点(FC4)和感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0084] More specifically, as shown in FIG. 15, the base station 900 as the secondary communication authentication node (FCl), the determination node (FC4) and the sense node (FC6) to work. 具体而言,基站900例如与位于基站附近的通信装置910通信,感测通信环境,并且生成感测数据。 Specifically, for example, base station 900 is located near the base station and the communication device 910 communication, sensing a communication environment and generates sensed data. 另外,基站900例如从感测装置920获取感测数据,将所获取的感测数据与其自己感测的感测数据相集成,然后根据频谱策略来判定频谱的二次利用是否可行。 Further, the base station 900, for example, from the sensing device 920 acquires the sensed data, to integrate sensed data acquired sensed data sensed in its own, and then determines whether secondary usage of a spectrum according to the spectrum policy feasible. 如果基站900基于感测数据判定二次利用可行,则它开始与二次利用有关的通信服务,也就是第二通信服务。 If the base station 900 determines that secondary usage is available based on the sensed data, it starts with a communication service related to secondary usage, which is the second communication service.

[0085] 在此情况下,连接到固定网络12的基站900通过符合由法令等等设定的预定标准,可以作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点来工作。 [0085] In this case, the base station 900 is connected to a fixed network 12 via a predetermined criterion set by statute or the like, may operate as the permanent secondary communication authentication node. 或者,基站900可以是从信息处理装置10接收允许第二通信服务开始的权限的上述临时二次通信认证节点。 Alternatively, the base station 900 may be received from the information processing apparatus 10 allows the start of the second communication service authority of the temporary secondary communication authentication node.

[0086] 同时,通信装置910作为上述的通信节点(FC7)来工作。 [0086] Meanwhile, the communication device 910 to operate as the communication node (FC7). 具体而言,通信装置910向基站900发送并从基站900接收无线电信号。 Specifically, the communication device 910 to the base station 900 transmits and receives radio signals from the base station 900. 基站900从而可感测区域902中的通信环境。 The base station 900 thereby sensing a communication environment sensing region 902.

[0087] 感测装置920作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0087] The sensing device 920 operates as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,感测装置920感测其自身装置周围的通信环境并生成感测数据。 Specifically, the sensing device 920 sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device and generates sensed data. 感测装置920随后将所生成的感测数据发送到基站900。 The sensing device 920 then transmits the generated sensed data to the base station 900. 注意,在通信系统9中可以省略感测装置920。 Note, 9 omitted sensing device 920 may sense the communication system.

[0088] 在这样配置的通信系统9中,可以通过使用分配给第一通信服务的频谱的未被使用的一部分(或全部)来向通信装置910和感测装置920提供第二通信服务。 [0088] In the communication system thus configured. 9, a second communication service may be provided to the communication device 910 and sensing device 920 by using a first communication service assigned to the unused portion of the spectrum (or all).

[0089] 然而,因为基站900以此情况下执行通信环境的感测、感测数据的获取、二次利用可行性的判定以及二次利用的开始,所以有这样一个担心,即,处理负担都集中在基站900。 [0089] However, because the sensing is carried out under a communication environment where the base station 900 In this, sensing data acquisition, determination of secondary usage as well as the feasibility of start of secondary usage, so there is such a concern that the processing load are concentrated in the base station 900. 另外,因为基站900不是移动终端,所以难以根据通信环境来灵活地决定或扩展频谱的二次利用的范围。 Further, since the base station 900 is not a mobile terminal, it is difficult to flexibly decide or extend the spectrum of secondary usage according to the communication environment range. 鉴于此,优选采用下文描述的根据本发明第一至第五实施例的系统配置中的任何一种。 In view of this, preferably employed is described below according to any one of the first to fifth embodiments of the system configuration of the present invention.

[0090] [3-2.第一实施例] [0090] [3-2. First Example]

[0091] 图2是示出根据本发明第一实施例的通信系统1的配置示例的示意图。 [0091] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a communication system according to a first embodiment of the present invention. 图3是示出图2所示的通信系统1中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 FIG 3 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a functional layout among devices in a communication system shown in FIG. 2.

[0092] 参考图2,通信系统1包括基站100、三个感测装置120、以及智能感测装置130。 [0092] Referring to FIG 2, the communication system 100 comprises a 1, three sensing device 120, the base station and the smart sensor device 130. 三个感测装置120和智能感测装置130位于可能与基站100通信的区域102内。 Three sensing device 120 and the smart sensor device 130 located within the area 102 may communicate with base station 100. 基站100通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 The base station 100 connected through a network 12 to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0093] 基站100可向位于区域102内的装置提供第一通信服务。 [0093] a first base station 100 may provide communication service to the devices located within the area 102. 另外,基站100对在分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未被使用的一部分(或全部)的二次利用进行协调。 Further, the base station 100 coordinates the portion of spectrum assigned to the first communication service is not used (or all) of secondary usage.

[0094] 更具体而言,如图3所示,基站100作为上述的二次通信认证节点(FC1)、判定节点(FC4)和感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0094] More specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, the base station 100 as the secondary communication authentication node (FCl), the determination node (FC4) and the sense node (FC6) to work. 具体而言,基站100例如从位于基站附近的智能感测装置130获取感测数据。 Specifically, for example, the base station 100 acquires sensed data from the smart sensor device 130 is located near the base station. 另外,基站100例如可与位于基站附近的感测装置120通信,另外还自己感测通信环境,以生成感测数据。 Further, the communication base station 120 and 100 may be, for example, the sensing device is located near the base station, in addition to their communication environment sensed to generate sensed data. 然后,基站100例如把从智能感测装置130获取的感测数据与其自己感测的感测数据相集成(但这些数据不一定要被集成),并且根据频谱策略来判定频谱的二次利用是否可行。 Then, the base station 100, for example, the sensed data sensed data 130 acquired from the smart sensor device sensing its own integrated (but the data does not have to be integrated), and determines whether secondary usage of a spectrum according to the spectrum policy feasible. 如果基站100基于感测数据判定二次利用可行,则它开始第二通信服务。 If the base station 100 is determined based on the sensed secondary usage data possible, it starts the second communication service.

[0095] 感测装置120作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0095] The sensing device 120 operates as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,例如,响应于来自智能感测装置130的指令,感测装置120通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据。 Specifically, for example, in response to an instruction from the smart sensor device 130, is generated by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device sensing device sense data 120. 感测装置120随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置130。 The sensing device 120 then transmits the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 130.

[0096] 智能感测装置130作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0096] The smart sensor device 130 operates as the smart sensor node (FC5). 具体而言,智能感测装置130向其自身装置附近的感测装置120发出感测通信环境的指令,并且获取来自感测装置120的感测数据。 Specifically, the smart sensor device 130 gives an instruction of sensing a communication environment to which the sensing device 120 near the own device and acquires sensed data from the sensing device 120. 另外,智能感测装置130可以把通过其自己感测周围通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, the smart sensor device 130 may add sensed data obtained by its own peripheral sensing a communication environment to the acquired data. 此时,智能感测装置130可以集成多个感测数据以生成一个感测数据。 At this time, the smart sensor device 130 may integrate a plurality of sensed data to generate one sensed data. 智能感测装置130随后将该感测数据发送到基站100。 The smart sensor device 130 then transmits the sensed data to the base station 100.

[0097] 在这样配置的通信系统1中,可以通过使用分配给第一通信服务的频谱的未被使用的一部分(或全部)来向感测装置120和智能感测装置130提供第二通信服务。 Unused part of the spectrum [0097] In the thus arranged communication system 1, it can be assigned to the first communication service (or all) to provide the second communication service to the sensing device 120 and the smart sensor device 130 . 另外,因为是智能感测装置130而不是基站100获取至少一部分感测数据,所以负担并不集中于基站100,从而可以迅速地开始第二通信服务。 Further, because the smart sensor device 130 instead of the base station 100 acquires at least a portion of the sensed data, the load is not concentrated on the base station 100, which can quickly start the second communication service.

[0098] [3-3.第一实施例(替换示例)] [0098] [3-3. First Embodiment (Alternative Example)]

[0099] 图4是示出根据图2所示的第一实施例的通信系统1的替换示例的示意图。 [0099] FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing an alternative exemplary embodiment of a communication system of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1. 图5是示出图4所示的通信系统1的替换示例中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 FIG 5 is a block diagram showing an example of a functional layout among alternative example communication system shown in FIG. 1 apparatus.

[0100] 参考图4,取代图2所示的通信系统1中的智能感测装置130,包括了智能感测装置132 和134。 [0100] Referring to FIG 4, a substituted communication system shown in FIG. 2 smart sensor device 1130, comprising a smart sensor device 132 and 134.

[0101] 在该替换示例中,智能感测装置132和134作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0101] In this alternative example, the smart sensor devices 132 and 134 operate as the smart sensor node (FC5). 智能感测装置132从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置120获取感测数据,例如将所获取的感测数据与自己感测的感测数据相集成,并随后将数据发送到智能感测装置134。 Smart sensor device 132 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device 120, for example, to integrate sensed data sensed data acquired with their sensed, and then transmits the data to the smart sensor device 134.

[0102] 另一方面,智能感测装置134从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置120和智能感测装置132获取感测数据,例如将所获取的感测数据与其自己感测的感测数据相集成,并随后将集成的感测数据发送到基站100。 [0102] On the other hand, the smart sensor device 134 132 acquires data from the sensing device sensing its own device is located and the smart sensor device 120, for example, sensed data acquired sensed data sensed in its own integrate, and then transmits the integrated sensed data to the base station 100. 智能感测装置132和134中的哪一个作为代表向基站100发送感测数据是通过例如在考虑它们的通信环境的情况下识别出更容易接入基站100的装置来决定的。 Smart sensor devices 132 and 134 as a representative of which one of the base station 100 transmits the sensed data by, for example, in consideration of their communication environment where the base station apparatus 100 recognizes that the access is easier to decide.

[0103] 在这样配置的通信系统1中,取代基站100,智能感测装置132和134相互合作执行了更宽范围上的感测数据的获取。 [0103] In the communication system 1 thus configured, the base station 100 substituted, smart sensor devices 132 and 134 cooperate to perform the acquisition of the sensed data over a wider range. 从而,可以基于更大量的信息来做出关于频谱的二次利用的可行性的判定。 Thus, based on a greater amount of information to make a judgment about the feasibility of secondary use of spectrum.

[0104] [3-4.第二实施例] [0104] [3-4. Second Example]

[0105] 图6是示出根据本发明第二实施例的通信系统2的配置示例的示意图。 [0105] FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a communication system according to a second embodiment of the present invention is 2. 图7是示出图6所示的通信系统2中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 7 is a functional block diagram of FIG. 2 between the device layout example of the communication system shown in FIG. 6 is shown.

[0106] 参考图6,通信系统2包括基站200、两个感测装置220、两个感测装置222、智能感测装置230、以及判定装置240。 [0106] Referring to FIG 6, a communication system 2 comprises a base station 200, two sensor devices 220, two sensor devices 222, smart sensor devices 230, 240 and a determination means. 两个感测装置220、智能感测装置230和判定装置240位于可能与基站200通信的区域202内。 Two sensing devices 220, the smart sensor device 230 and the determining means may be located within the communication area of ​​the base station 200 and 202,240. 基站200通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 The base station 200 connected through a network 12 to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0107] 基站200可向位于区域202内的装置提供第一通信服务。 [0107] a first base station 200 can provide communication service to the devices located in the area 202. 另外,基站200 (或者信息处理装置10)可以根据通信环境向下文中描述的判定装置240临时授予允许对分配给第一通信服务的频谱的未使用的一部分(或全部)的二次利用的权限。 Permission decision means a portion of the unused Further, the base station 200 (or the information processing apparatus 10) may be described herein according to the downward communication environment 240 allows for temporary grant of service assigned to the first communication spectrum (or all) of the secondary use . 从而,基站200作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点(FC1)来工作。 Thus, base station 200 operates as the permanent secondary communication authentication node (FC1). 也可以不是基站200作为二次通信认证节点,而是网络12中的另一节点可以是二次通信认证节点,并且基站200可以协调从该节点到判定装置240的权限授予。 The base station 200 may not be the secondary communication authentication node, but another node in the network 12 may be a secondary communication authentication node and the base station 200 may coordinate determining means from the node to grant permission to 240.

[0108] 感测装置220作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0108] The sensing device 220 operates as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,感测装置220通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据。 Specifically, the sensing device 220 is generated by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device sensing data. 感测装置120随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置230或判定装置240。 The sensing device 120 then transmits the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 230 or the determination device 240. 感测装置222也作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 The sensing device 222 can also operate as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,响应于来自智能感测装置230或判定装置240的指令,感测装置222通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据,并随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置230或判定装置240。 Specifically, in response to a smart sensor device 230 or 240 determines that the instruction means, the sensing means 222 to generate sensed data by sensing the communication environment surrounding their own devices and then transmit the generated sensed data to smart sensor device 230 or the determination device 240.

[0109] 智能感测装置230作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0109] The smart sensor device 230 operates as the smart sensor node (FC5). 具体而言,响应于来自判定装置240的指令,智能感测装置230从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置220和222获取感测数据。 Specifically, in response to an instruction from the determination device 240, the smart sensor device 230 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device 220 and 222. 另外,智能感测装置230把通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, adding sensing data intelligent sensing device 230 obtained by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to the acquired data. 智能感测装置230随后将感测数据发送到判定装置240。 The smart sensor device 230 then transmits the sensed data to the determination device 240.

[0110] 判定装置240作为上述的一次通信中继节点(FC2)和判定节点(FC4)来工作。 [0110] determination means 240 as the primary communication relay node (FC2) and the determination node (FC4) to work. 另夕卜,判定装置240可作为上述的临时二次通信认证节点(FC1)来工作。 Another Bu Xi, the determination device 240 can operate as the temporary secondary communication authentication node (FC1). 具体而言,判定装置240从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置220和222以及智能感测装置230获取感测数据。 Specifically, the determination means 240 and 220 acquired from the smart sensor device 222 and sensing device is located in its own device sense data 230. 然后,基于所获取的感测数据,判定装置240判定是否可能利用在分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未实际使用的频谱来提供第二通信服务。 Then, based on the acquired sensed data, the determination device 240 determines whether use of the spectrum in the spectrum may be assigned to the first communication service is not actually used to provide the second communication service. 如果判定装置240根据感测数据判定第二通信服务的提供是可行的,则判定装置240请求基站200临时授予允许第二通信服务开始的权限。 If the determination device 240 determines that the sensed data to provide the second communication service is feasible according to the determination device 240 requests the base station 200 for temporary grant of authority to allow the start of the second communication service. 此时,判定装置240将所获取的感测数据、额外获得的其自身装置的位置数据等等发送到基站200。 At this time, the determination device 240 acquires the sensed data, additionally obtained location data and the like of the own apparatus to the base station 200. 如果根据所发送的数据授予了权限,判定装置240则开始与位于其自身装置附近(例如区域204中)的通信装置之间的第二通信服务。 If permission is granted in accordance with the transmitted data, it determines whether the second communication service is started between the device 240 and is located in its own device (e.g., region 204) of the communication device.

[0111]另外,判定装置240作为一次通信中继节点来工作,从而充当第一通信服务的伪基站或接入点,并且它可对从例如感测装置222发送到基站200的与第一通信服务相对应的通信分组进行中继。 [0111] Further, the determination device 240 operates as the primary communication relay node, thus acting as a pseudo base station or access point of the first communication service, and it may, for example, from the first communication apparatus 222 to transmit a sensing station 200 and a communication packet corresponding to the service relaying.

[0112] 如图6所示,两个感测装置222位于可向基站200发送和从基站200接收无线电信号的区域202之外。 As shown in [0112] Figure 6, two sensor devices 222 may be located outside of region 200 and to the base station 202 receives a radio signal from the base station 200. 因为两个感测装置222位于无法与基站200通信的位置,所以基站200难以向两个感测装置222提供与二次利用有关的第二通信服务。 Because the two sensor devices 222 located at a position not communicate with the base station 200, the base station 200 is difficult to use the second communication service related to both the sensing device 222 and the secondary. 然而,在根据此实施例的通信系统2的配置中,判定装置240作为判定节点来工作,从而它可以通过以位于区域204内的通信装置为对象来灵活地开始频谱的二次利用。 However, the configuration of the communication system 2 according to this embodiment, the determination device 240 operates as the determination node, so that it can be utilized in the secondary communication device 204 is located within the region of the object to flexibly start spectrum.

[0113] 在以上描述的第一和第二实施例中,连接到固定网络12的装置具有允许开始对用于第一通信服务的频谱的二次利用的权限。 [0113] In the first and second embodiments described above, the device 12 is connected to the fixed network has permissions that allow for the start of the secondary spectrum of the first communication service is utilized. 另一方面,在以下描述的第三和第四实施例中,作为预先授权的移动终端的通信装置允许频谱的二次利用的开始。 On the other hand, in the third and fourth embodiments described below, the communication device previously authorized mobile terminal permits start of secondary usage of a spectrum.

[0114] [3-5.第三实施例] [0114] [3-5. Third Embodiment]

[0115] 图8是示出根据本发明第三实施例的通信系统3的配置示例的示意图。 [0115] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a communication system according to a third embodiment of the present invention is 3. 图9是示出图8所示的通信系统3中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 9 is a functional block diagram of FIG. 3 between the device layout example of a communication system shown in FIG. 8 shows.

[0116] 参考图8,通信系统3包括基站300、两个感测装置320、两个感测装置322、智能感测装置330、以及判定装置350。 [0116] Referring to Figure 8, the communication system 3 includes a base station 300, two sensor devices 320, two sensor devices 322, smart sensor device 330, and a determination means 350. 两个感测装置320、智能感测装置330和判定装置350位于可与基站300通信的区域302内。 Two sensing devices 320, the smart sensor device 330 and determining device 350 may be located within the area of ​​communication with the base station 302,300. 基站300通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 The base station 300 connected through a network 12 to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0117] 基站300可向位于区域302内的装置提供第一通信服务。 [0117] The base station 300 may provide communication services to a first device 302 located within the area.

[0118] 另一方面,如图9所示,感测装置320和感测装置322作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0118] On the other hand, as shown in Figure 9, the sensing device 320 and sensing device 322 operates as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,感测装置320通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据,并随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置330或判定装置350。 Specifically, the sensing device 320 by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to generate sensed data, and then transmit the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 330 or the determination device 350. 类似地,感测装置322通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据,并随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置330或判定装置350。 Similarly, the sensing device 322 by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to generate sensed data, and then transmit the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 330 or the determination device 350.

[0119] 智能感测装置330作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0119] The smart sensor device 330 operates as the smart sensor node (FC5). 具体而言,响应于来自判定装置350的指令,智能感测装置330从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置320和322获取感测数据。 Specifically, in response to an instruction from the determination device 350, the smart sensor device 330 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device 320 and 322. 另外,智能感测装置330把通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, adding sensing data intelligent sensing device 330 obtained by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to the acquired data. 智能感测装置330随后将感测数据发送到判定装置350。 The smart sensor device 330 then transmits the sensed data to the determination device 350.

[0120] 判定装置350作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点(FC1)、一次通信中继节点(FC2)和判定节点(FC4)来工作。 [0120] determination device 350 operates as the permanent secondary communication authentication node (FC1), the primary communication relay node (FC2) and the determination node (FC4) to work. 具体而言,判定装置350从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置320和322以及智能感测装置330获取感测数据。 Specifically, the determination device 350 and 320 330 acquires sense from the smart sensor device 322 and sensing device is located in its own device measurement data. 然后,基于所获取的感测数据,判定装置350判定是否可能利用在分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未实际使用的频谱来提供第二通信服务。 Then, based on the acquired sensed data, the determination device 350 determines whether use of the spectrum in the spectrum may be assigned to the first communication service is not actually used to provide the second communication service. 如果判定装置350根据感测数据判定第二通信服务的提供是可行的,则判定装置350开始与位于其自身装置附近(例如区域304中)的通信装置之间的第二通信服务。 If the determination device 350 determines that the sensed data to provide the second communication service is feasible according to the determination device 350 is located near the start of its own device (e.g., region 304) of the second communication service between the communication apparatus.

[0121]另外,判定装置350作为一次通信中继节点来工作,从而充当第一通信服务的伪基站或接入点,并且它可对从例如感测装置322发送到基站300的与第一通信服务相对应的通信分组进行中继。 [0121] Further, the determination device 350 operates as the primary communication relay node, thus acting as a pseudo base station or access point of the first communication service, and it can be the first communication from the base station 300, for example, the sensing device 322 is sent to the a communication packet corresponding to the service relaying. 然而,在此实施例中,判定装置350可能不一定作为一次通信中继节点来工作。 However, in this embodiment, the determination device 350 may not necessarily operate as the primary communication relay node.

[0122] 在这样配置的通信系统3中,可以通过使用分配给第一通信服务的频谱的未被使用的一部分(或全部)来提供第二通信服务。 [0122] In the communication system thus configured 3 may be unused portion of the spectrum (or all) to provide the second communication service by using the communication service assigned to the first. 因为符合由法令等等设定的预定标准并从而被授权协调第二通信服务的判定装置350决定开始二次利用,所以可以迅速开始提供第二通信服务。 Since a predetermined criterion set by statute or the like and is thus authorized to coordinate the second communication service determination device 350 determines the start of secondary usage, it is possible to quickly begin providing the second communication service. 另外,当判定装置350是移动终端时,可以根据判定装置350的位置来灵活地设定第二通信网络的范围。 Further, when it is determined the device 350 is a mobile terminal, according to the position determination means 350 to flexibly set the range of the second communication network. 在此实施例中,作为永久二次通信认证节点的判定装置350不一定位于提供第一通信服务的通信区域302内。 In this embodiment, the authentication is determined as the permanent secondary communication node apparatus 350 is not necessarily located within the communication service providing a first communication area 302.

[0123] [3-6.第四实施例] [0123] [3-6. Fourth Embodiment]

[0124] 图10是示出根据本发明第四实施例的通信系统4的配置示例的示意图。 [0124] FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a communication system according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention 4. 图11是示出图10所示的通信系统4中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 FIG 11 is a block diagram of the function between the device 4 an example of the layout of the communication system 10 shown in FIG.

[0125] 参考图10,通信系统4包括基站400、五个感测装置420、智能感测装置430、判定装置450、以及高级判定装置460。 [0125] Referring to FIG 10, the communication system 4 includes a base station 400, five sensing device 420, the smart sensor device 430, the determination device 450 and the advanced determination device 460. 基站400通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 The base station 400 connected through a network 12 to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0126] 基站400可向位于区域402内的装置提供第一通信服务。 [0126] a first base station 400 can provide communication service to the devices located in the area 402.

[0127] 另一方面,如图11所示,感测装置420作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0127] On the other hand, as shown in Figure 11, the sensing device 420 to operate as the sense node (FC6). 具体而言,感测装置420通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据,并随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置430、判定装置450或高级判定装置460。 Specifically, the sensing device 420 to generate sensed data by sensing the communication environment surrounding their own devices and then transmit the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 430, the determination device 450 or the advanced determination device 460.

[0128] 智能感测装置430作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0128] The smart sensor device 430 operates as the smart sensor node (FC5). 具体而言,响应于来自判定装置450的指令,智能感测装置430从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置420获取感测数据。 Specifically, in response to an instruction from the determination device 450, the smart sensor device 430 420 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device. 另外,智能感测装置430把通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, adding sensing data intelligent sensing device 430 obtained by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to the acquired data. 智能感测装置430随后将感测数据发送到判定装置450。 The smart sensor device 430 then transmits the sensed data to the determination device 450.

[0129] 判定装置450作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点(FC1)和判定节点(FC4)来工作。 [0129] determination device 450 operates as the permanent secondary communication authentication node (FCl) and the determination node (FC4) to work. 具体而言,判定装置450从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置420以及智能感测装置430获取感测数据。 Specifically, the determination device 450 acquires from the sensing device is located in its own device 420 and the smart sensor device 430 sensed data. 然后,判定装置450基于所获取的感测数据来判定频谱的二次利用的可行性。 Then, the determination device availability of secondary usage based on the sensed data acquired by the spectrum determination 450. 如果判定装置450判定可开始提供第二通信服务,则判定装置450开始向位于其自身装置附近(例如区域404中)的通信装置提供第二通信服务。 If the determination device 450 determines that the second communication service may be started to provide, it is determined that device 450 begins to near its own device (e.g. area 404) communication means for providing the second communication service. 另外,响应于来自高级判定装置460的请求,判定装置450创建包含所获取的感测数据、根据感测数据计算的链路数据、频谱策略等等在内的二次通信配置信息,并将该配置信息发送到高级判定装置460。 Further, in response to a request from the advanced determination device 460 determines that the acquired sensed data comprising creating apparatus 450, the secondary communication link data calculated from the sensed data, the spectrum policy or the like, including configuration information, and the information to the advanced determination device 460. 所发送的二次通信配置信息被下文描述的高级判定装置460用于做出关于第二通信网络的扩展的可行性的判定。 Advanced secondary communication profile is transmitted determination means 460 described below for making the determination on extension of the second communication network feasibility.

[0130] 高级判定装置460作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点(FC1)和高级判定节点(FC3)来工作。 [0130] advanced determination device 460 and the advanced determination as the permanent secondary communication authentication node (FCl) node (FC3) to work. 具体而言,高级判定装置460首先向判定装置450给出发送二次通信配置信息的指令。 Specifically, the advanced determination device 460 first gives instruction 450 transmitted secondary communication profile to the determination device. 高级判定装置460随后基于从判定装置450接收的二次通信配置信息来判定第二通信网络的扩展是否可行。 Advanced determination device 460 then determines from the determined configuration information received secondary communication device 450 based on the extension of the second communication network is feasible. 如果高级判定装置460判定第二通信网络的扩展可行,则它开始向其自身装置和判定装置450附近的通信装置提供具有扩展的网络范围的第二通信服务。 If the advanced determination device 460 determines that extension of the second communication network is available, it starts its own apparatus and the communication apparatus 450 determines that the vicinity of the second communication service has expanded to provide a network-wide device.

[0131] 在这样配置的通信系统4中,可以通过使用分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未被使用的一部分(或全部)来在包括区域404和406在内的区域408中提供第二通信服务。 [0131] (or all) to provide a second communication region 408 includes a region 404 and 406, including a portion of a communication system 4 in such a configuration, by using a first communication service assigned to the unused spectrum service. 因为第二通信服务是由高级判定装置460和判定装置450合作提供的,所以第二通信服务的服务区域扩展了。 Because the second communication service by the determination device 460 and the advanced determination device 450 provided in cooperation, so the service area of ​​the second communication service is extended. 注意,在此实施例中,判定装置450可位于提供第一通信服务的区域402的外部。 Note that, in this embodiment, the determination device 450 may be located external to a first communication service providing area 402. [3-7.第五实施例] [3-7. Fifth Embodiment]

[0132] 图12是示出根据本发明第五实施例的通信系统5的配置示例的示意图。 [0132] FIG. 12 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a communication system according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention is 5. 图13是示出图12所示的通信系统5中的装置之间的功能布局示例的框图。 FIG 13 is a layout example of a functional block diagram illustrating a communication between the system 5 shown in FIG. 12 apparatus.

[0133] 参考图12,通信系统5包括基站500、五个感测装置520、智能感测装置530和532、判定装置550、以及高级判定装置560。 [0133] Referring to FIG 12, the communication system 5 includes a base station 500, five sensing devices 520, smart sensor devices 530 and 532, the determination device 550, and the advanced determination device 560. 基站500通过网络12连接到信息处理装置10,网络12是固定网络。 Base station 500 through the network 12 connected to the information processing apparatus 10, the network 12 is a fixed network.

[0134] 基站500可向位于区域502内的装置提供第一通信服务。 [0134] a first base station 500 can provide communication service to the devices located in the area 502. 另外,基站500可以根据通信环境向下文中描述的判定装置550和高级判定装置560临时授予允许对分配给第一通信服务的频谱的未使用的一部分(或全部)的二次利用的权限。 The base station 500 may be determined down device 550 and the advanced determination device 560 for temporary grant of authority allows the frequency spectrum assigned to the first communication service unused part (or all) of secondary usage according to the communication environment described herein. 从而,基站500作为上述的永久二次通信认证节点(FC1)来工作。 Thus, base station 500 operates as the permanent secondary communication authentication node (FC1).

[0135] 另一方面,如图13所示,感测装置520作为上述的感测节点(FC6)来工作。 [0135] On the other hand, as shown, the sensing device 520 operates as the 13 sense node (FC6). 具体而言,感测装置520通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境来生成感测数据,并随后将所生成的感测数据发送到智能感测装置530或532、判定装置550或高级判定装置560。 Specifically, the sensing device 520 sensing by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to generate sensing data, and then transmit the generated sensed data to the smart sensor device 530 or 532, the determination device 550 or the advanced determination device 560.

[0136] 智能感测装置530和532作为上述的智能感测节点(FC5)来工作。 [0136] smart sensor devices 530 and 532 operate as the smart sensor node (FC5). 具体而言,响应于来自判定装置550的指令,智能感测装置530从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置520获取感测数据。 Specifically, in response to an instruction from the determination device 550, the smart sensor device 530 520 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device. 另外,智能感测装置530把通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, the sensing data added smart sensor device 530 obtained by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to the acquired data. 智能感测装置530随后将感测数据发送到判定装置550。 The smart sensor device 530 then transmits the sensed data to the determination device 550. 类似地,响应于来自高级判定装置560的指令,智能感测装置532从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置520获取感测数据。 Similarly, in response to an instruction from the advanced determination device 560, the smart sensor device 532 520 acquires sensed data from the sensing device is located in its own device. 另外,智能感测装置532把通过感测其自身装置周围的通信环境而获得的感测数据添加到所获取的数据。 Further, the sensing data added smart sensor device 532 obtained by sensing the communication environment surrounding its own device to the acquired data. 智能感测装置532随后将感测数据发送到高级判定装置560。 The smart sensor device 532 then transmits the sensed data to the advanced determination device 560.

[0137] 判定装置550作为上述的判定节点(FC4)来工作。 [0137] determination device 550 operates as the determination node (FC4). 另外,判定装置550可以作为上述的临时二次通信认证节点(FC1)来工作。 Further, the determination device 550 can operate as the temporary secondary communication authentication node (FC1). 具体而言,判定装置550从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置520以及智能感测装置530获取感测数据。 Specifically, the determination device 550 530 acquires sensed data from the sensing device and the smart sensor device 520 is located in its own device. 然后,判定装置550基于所获取的感测数据来判定频谱的二次利用的可行性。 Then, the determination device 550 based on the acquired sensed data to determine the feasibility of secondary usage of spectrum. 如果判定装置550判定可开始提供第二通信服务,则判定装置550请求判定装置550临时授予允许开始第二通信服务的权限。 If the determination device 550 determines that the second communication service may be started to provide, it is determined that the determination device 550 requests device 550 for temporary grant of authority allowed to start the second communication service. 此时,判定装置550将所获取的感测数据、额外获得的其自身装置的位置数据等等发送到基站500。 At this time, the determination device 550 transmits the acquired sensed data, additionally obtained location data of its own to the base station apparatus 500 and the like. 如果根据所发送的数据授予了权限,判定装置550则开始向位于其自身装置附近(例如区域504中)的通信装置提供第二通信服务。 If permission is granted to the transmitted data, the determination device 550 starts the second communication service provided to the communication device is located in its own device (e.g., 504 regions). 另外,响应于来自高级判定装置560的请求,判定装置550创建包含所获取的感测数据、根据感测数据计算的链路数据、频谱策略等等在内的二次通信配置信息,并将该配置信息发送到高级判定装置560。 Further secondary communication, in response to a request from the advanced determination device 560, the determination device 550 creates sensed data containing the acquired link data calculated from the sensed data, the spectrum policy or the like, including configuration information, and the information to the advanced determination device 560. 所发送的二次通信配置信息被下文描述的高级判定装置560用于做出关于第二通信网络的扩展的可行性的判定。 Advanced secondary communication profile is transmitted determination means 560 described below for making a determination on the feasibility of extension of the second communication network.

[0138] 高级判定装置560作为上述的高级判定节点(FC3)来工作。 [0138] Examples of the advanced determination device 560 is advanced determination node (FC3) to work. 另外,高级判定装置560可以作为上述的临时二次通信认证节点(FC1)来工作。 Further, the advanced determination device 560 can operate as the temporary secondary communication authentication node (FC1). 具体而言,高级判定装置560首先向判定装置550给出发送二次通信配置信息的指令。 Specifically, the advanced determination device 560 first gives instruction information transmitted secondary communication profile to the determination device 550. 高级判定装置560随后从位于其自身装置附近的感测装置520和智能感测装置532获取感测数据。 532 advanced determination device 560 then acquires the sensed data from the sensing device and the smart sensor device 520 is located in its own device. 高级判定装置560随后基于从判定装置550接收的二次通信配置信息和从其自身装置附近获取的感测数据来判定第二通信网络的扩展是否可行。 Then advanced determination device 560 based on the configuration information received from the secondary communication device 550 and determining from the sensed data acquired in the vicinity of its own device determines whether the extension of the second communication network is possible. 如果高级判定装置560判定第二通信网络的扩展可行,则高级判定装置560请求基站500临时授予允许扩展第二通信网络的权限。 If the advanced determination device 560 determines that extension of the second communication network is available, the advanced determination device 560 requests the base station 500 for temporary grant of authority to allow extension of the second communication network. 此时,高级判定装置560向基站500发送表明第二通信网络的扩展可行的判定结果、用于判定的数据等等。 At this time, the advanced determination device 560 to the base station 500 transmits the determination result indicates that extension of the second communication network is available, data for determining the like. 如果根据所发送的数据授予了权限,高级判定装置560则开始向位于其自身装置和判定装置550附近的通信装置提供具有扩展的网络范围的第二通信服务。 If permission is granted to the transmitted data, the advanced determination device 560 starts providing the second communication service with the extended network range to communication devices located in the vicinity of the device 550 and the determination of its own device.

[0139] 在这样配置的通信系统5中,可以通过使用分配给第一通信服务的频谱中未被使用的一部分(或全部)来在包括区域504和506在内的区域508中提供第二通信服务。 [0139] In such a configuration of the communication system 5, by using a part assigned to the first communication service spectrum unused (or all) to provide a second communication region 508 includes a region 504 and 506 of the inner service. 因为通信环境的感测数据是在判定装置550和高级判定装置560之间多跳交换的,所以可以基于对更宽范围上的通信环境的准确掌握来判定第二通信服务的服务区域的扩展的可行性。 Because the sensed data of communication environment is determined in the device 550 and the advanced determination device 560 exchanged between the multi-hop, it is possible to accurately grasp the communication environment based on a wider range of service area to determine the extension of the second communication service feasibility. 在此实施例中,判定装置550和高级判定装置560中的任一者或两者还可作为一次通信中继节点(FC2)来工作。 In this embodiment, the advanced determination device 550 and determines that either or both of the device 560 can be used as the primary communication relay node (FC2) operates. 另外,虽然以上描述了判定装置550和高级判定装置560是临时二次通信认证节点的情况,但是判定装置550和高级判定装置560也可以是永久二次通信认证节点。 Further, although the above description of the determination device 550 and the advanced determination device 560 are the temporary secondary communication authentication node, the device 550 and it is determined that the advanced determination device 560 may be a permanent secondary communication authentication node. 如果在此实施例中判定装置550或高级判定装置560是永久二次通信认证节点,则作为永久二次通信认证节点的装置不一定位于提供第一通信服务的通信区域502的内部。 In this embodiment, if the determination device 550 or the advanced determination device 560 is the permanent secondary communication authentication node, it means permanent secondary communication authentication node is not necessarily located as a first communication service is provided inside the communication area 502.

[0140] 以上通过参考图2至13描述了根据第一至第五实施例的通信系统1至5的配置。 [0140] above with reference to FIGS. 2-13 describes the configuration of the communication system of the first to fifth embodiments 1 to 5. 下面,描述这种通信系统中的节点之间发送和接收的数据。 In the following, such a data communication system between sending and receiving nodes.

[0141 ] <4.节点之间交换的数据的示例> [0141] <Example 4 exchanged between node data>

[0142] 根据本发明实施例,在节点之间发送和接收的数据主要涉及两类数据:感测数据和控制数据。 [0142] According to an embodiment of the present invention, data transmitted and received between nodes generally relates to two types of data: sensed data and control data.

[0143] [4-1.感测数据] [0143] [4-1. Sensed data]

[0144] 感测数据是由上述的感测节点或智能感测节点感测的与通信环境有关的数据。 [0144] Data sensed by the data sensing node or the smart sensor node sensed about the communication environment. 感测节点或智能感测节点进行的感测的目标通信资源是可能被第一通信服务所使用并且由频率信道、资源块、代码等等所表示的通信资源。 Target communication resource sensed sensor node or the smart sensor node that may be used by a first communication service and a communication channel by a frequency resource, resource blocks, codes, etc. represented. 应当感测哪个范围的通信资源例如是通过监视第一通信服务的下行链路广播信道(例如LTE的PBCH等等)来判定的。 Which range of communication resources should be sensed is, for example, by monitoring the downlink broadcast channel of the first communication service (e.g. PBCH of LTE, etc.) is determined. 感测数据可以包含感测了通信环境的装置的标识符和感测结果,并且还可包含利用全球定位系统(GPS)获取的装置的位置数据、感测算法的种类、时间戳等等。 Sensing data may comprise an identifier and sensing results of the sensing device communication environment, and may further contain location data using a global positioning system (GPS) device is acquired, the kind of a sensing algorithm, a time stamp and the like. 另外,通过在统计上总结感测数据、指示出与第一通信服务有关的周围通信环境的调度信息等等而获得的链路数据可被包含在广义的感测数据中。 Further, by sensing data are summarized statistically, link data indicating scheduling information related to a communication environment surrounding the first communication service and the like may be obtained in a broad sense contained data.

[0145] 装置的位置数据例如是指示感测通信环境的装置在感测时的位置的数据。 Location data [0145] means, for example, the position data indicative of the sensed sensed a communication environment of the apparatus. 位置数据例如被判定节点(或者高级判定节点)用于判定频谱的二次利用的可行性。 For example, the position data determination node (or the advanced determination node) for determining the feasibility of secondary usage of spectrum. 具体而言,判定节点预先把在外部准备的位置信息数据库下载到其自身装置。 Specifically, the determination node downloads a location information database in advance in the external preparation to its own device. 位置信息数据库包含与位置数据相关联的第一通信服务的信道分配、信道使用历史等等。 Location information database contains the location data of the first communication service associated with a channel allocation, channel usage history and the like. 从而,判定节点可以通过使用位置数据作为关键字从位置信息数据库中检索信道分配和信道使用历史,从而评估二次利用对第一通信服务造成不利影响的可能性。 Thus, the determination node can use the history from the location information database to retrieve channel assignment and channel by using the location data as a key, to assess the possibility of adverse effects on the secondary use of the first communication service. 判定节点也可以不预先把位置信息数据库下载到其自身装置,而是例如在判定二次利用的可行性时通过使用位置数据作为关键字来查询外部数据库。 Decision node may not be downloaded in advance to the location information database to its own device, but as a key, for example, an external database query when it is determined availability of secondary usage by using the position data.

[0146] 感测算法的种类例如指示要感测(或者已感测)何种值,例如无线电信号能量、噪声功率电平、噪声比(例如SNR或CNR)或差错率(例如BER或PER)。 [0146] kind of a sensing algorithm, for example, indicate to be sensed (or have been sensed) value of which, such as radio signal energy, a noise power level, a noise ratio (e.g. SNR or CNR) or an error rate (e.g. BER or PER) .

[0147] 感测结果包含根据上述感测算法的种类的感测结果的值。 [0147] The sensing result contains the value of the sensing result of the kind of a sensing algorithm. 感测结果的值可以由软比特(软判决值)或硬比特(硬判决值)来表示。 Sensing result value may be represented by soft bit (soft decision value) or hard bit (hard decision value). 例如,优选地,判定节点(或高级判定节点)用硬比特来表示要发送到二次通信认证节点的感测结果。 For example, preferably, the determination node (or the advanced determination node) represents the hard bits to be transmitted to the secondary communication authentication node sensing result. 在此情况下,根据感测值来判定二次利用的可行性的结果由诸如“0”或“1”之类的逻辑值表示。 In this case, according to the sensed value to determine the result of secondary usage is represented by a logical value such as "0" or "1" or the like. 这使得节点之间的流量能得以减少。 This allows the traffic between nodes can be reduced. 另一方面,要从感测节点(或智能感测节点)发送到判定节点(或高级判定节点)的感测结果通常用软比特表示。 On the other hand, from the sense node (or the smart sensor node) to the determination node (or the advanced determination node) is typically represented by the results of the sensing soft bits.

[0148] 时间戳例如包含通信环境感测开始的时间、通信环境感测结束的时间等等。 [0148] For example comprise time stamp start time sensing a communication environment measurement, environment sensing the end of a communication time and the like.

[0149] [4_2.控制数据] [0149] [4_2. Control Data]

[0150] 控制数据是为了使构成二次利用系统的上述节点之一控制另一节点或者一个节点受到另一节点的控制而使用的数据。 [0150] In order to make the control data is data of one of the above-described nodes constituting the secondary usage system controls another node or one node to another node and controlled use. 控制数据例如可包含开始或停止感测的指令、发送感测数据的指令、对感测算法的种类的指定、发送二次通信配置信息的指令、对位置信息数据库的访问请求,等等。 Control data may comprise, for example, start or stop of sensing instruction, the sensing instruction data transmission, designation of the kind of a sensing algorithm, the transmission of the secondary communication profile instruction information, the position information database of access requests, and the like.

[0151] 在高级判定节点、判定节点或智能感测节点集成来自多个节点的感测数据的情况下,在控制数据中可包含表明用何种方法(例如取平均或标准偏差)来集成感测数据的信息。 [0151] In the case where the advanced determination node, the determination node or the smart sensor node integrates the sensed data from the plurality of nodes, may be included in the control data indicates that integration by what means to sense (e.g., taking the average or standard deviation) measurement information data.

[0152] 另外,二次通信认证节点、高级判定节点或判定节点可以通过把一个节点感测或获取的感测数据与另一节点感测或获取的感测数据相比较来评估每个感测数据的可靠性。 [0152] Further, the secondary communication authentication node, the advanced determination node or the determination node may be sensed by a node or acquired sensed data is compared with another sensing node or acquired sensed data to evaluate each sensing the reliability of the data. 例如,如果位置很接近的多个节点感测或获取的感测结果很不相同,则感测数据的可靠性可被评估为低。 For example, if the location is very close to the plurality of sensing nodes or sensing results obtained are very different, the sensing reliability of the sensing data may be evaluated as low. 在这种情况下,感测数据的可靠性的评估结果被包括的控制数据中。 In this case, the control data evaluation result of the reliability of the sensed data is included in. 另外,通过把一个节点感测或获取的感测数据与另一节点感测或获取的感测数据相比较,可以检测处于隐藏终端状态的节点。 Further, by a sensing node or acquired sensed data is compared with another sensing node or acquired sensed data, the terminal state can be detected in a hidden node.

[0153] 另外,智能感测节点可与另一智能感测节点交换诸如可允许的跳数和可允许的感测节点数的上限以及感测节点的最低必需数目之类的控制数据。 [0153] Further, the smart sensor node may exchange the control data and the upper limit of the minimum required number of the sense node, such as the allowable number of hops and the allowable number of nodes sensing the like with another smart sensor node. 从而,可以扩展用于第二通信服务的感测区域,并且维护一定质量的感测数据。 Thus, the sensing area can be expanded for the second communication service, sensed data and to maintain a certain quality.

[0154] [4-3.通信协议的选择] [0154] [4-3. Selecting a communication protocol]

[0155] 在在智能感测节点之间或高级判定节点之间发送或接收上述感测数据或控制数据的情况下,可使用诸如IEEE802.11s或WiMedia之类的自治分布式通信协议。 [0155] In the case of transmitting or receiving the above-described sensed data or control data between a node between the smart sensor node or the advanced determination, using the autonomous distributed communication protocol such as IEEE802.11s WiMedia or the like. 或者,根据首先发送了信标的智能感测节点或高级判定节点的控制,可以使用诸如Zigbee之类的分级管理通信协议。 Alternatively, the first transmitted the beacon smart sensor node or the advanced determination control node, may be used hierarchical management communication protocol such as Zigbee. 如果在上述的功能分类FC1至FC7中的同一级别的节点之间使用自治分布式通信协议,则可以根据装置的位置来很容易地改变二次利用系统的拓扑。 If the autonomous distributed communication protocol between the classification nodes at the same level FC1 to FC7 in the above-described function, it is possible to easily change the topology of the secondary system using the position of the device. 另一方面,在功能分类FC1至FC7中的不同级别的节点之间,优选使用根据上位节点的控制的分级管理通信协议。 On the other hand, between the FC1 to FC7 nodes at different levels of functional classification, preferably using the hierarchical management communication protocol controlled upper node.

[0156] 以上通过参考图1至13详细描述了根据本发明第一至第五实施例的通信系统和构成各个通信系统的通信装置。 [0156] above with reference to FIGS. 1 to 13, described in detail the communication system of the first to fifth embodiments of the present invention and a communication apparatus constituting the communication system according to each. 根据上述通信系统的配置中的任何一种,多个通信装置以分散方式执行了诸如针对频谱的二次利用的通信环境的感测、对二次利用开始的可能性的判定或者对二次利用的范围扩展的可行性的判定之类的处理。 Configuration according to any one of the above-described communication system, a plurality of communication devices such as performed in a decentralized manner for sensing a communication environment for secondary usage of a spectrum, determination of the possibility of secondary usage of start of secondary usage or extended range of feasibility determination process or the like. 从而可以高效地实现频谱的二次利用。 Can be efficiently implemented secondary usage of a spectrum.

[0157] 本说明书中描述的每个实施例的主题可以应用到各种模式的二次利用。 Subject matter of each embodiment [0157] described in this specification can be applied to various modes of secondary usage. 例如,如上所述,可以认为中继节点或微小区覆盖第一通信服务的频谱漏洞的操作是一种模式的频谱二次利用。 For example, as described above, the operation can be considered a relay node or a microcell coverage of the first communication service spectrum vulnerability is one mode of secondary usage of spectrum. 另外,宏小区、RRH(Remote Rad1 Head,远程无线电头部)、热区(Hotzone)、中继节点、微小区等等中的任何一个或多个之间的关系可以形成一种模式的频谱二次利用(例如异质网络)。 The relationship between one or more additional macro cell, RRH (Remote Rad1 Head, a remote radio head), a hot zone (Hotzone), a relay node, the micro cell and the like may be formed in any mode of SPECTRAL time use (such as heterogeneous network).

[0158] 虽然以上参考附图详细描述了本发明的优选实施例,但本发明并不限于此。 [0158] While the above detailed description with reference to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto. 本领域的技术人员应当理解,取决于设计要求和其他因素,可以进行各种修改、组合、子组合和变更,只要它们处于所附权利要求或其等同物的范围内即可。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, depending on design requirements and other factors, that various modifications, combinations, sub-combinations and alterations insofar as they are within the scope of the appended claims or the equivalents thereof.

[0159] 本申请包含与2009年1月14日向日本专利局提交的日本在先专利申请JP2009-005911中公开的主题相关的主题,特此通过引用并入该在先专利申请的全部内容。 [0159] This application contains Japanese Priority Patent filed in the Japan Patent Office on January 14, 2009 Application JP2009-005911 theme related to that disclosed subject matter, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated prior patent application by reference.

Claims (15)

1.一种通信系统,包括: 第一通信装置,该第一通信装置感测该第一通信装置周围的通信环境; 第二通信装置,该第二通信装置获取由所述第一通信装置所感测的感测数据;以及第三通信装置,该第三通信装置基于从所述第二通信装置发送来的感测数据,判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 1. A communication system, comprising: a first communication device, the first communication means sensing the communication environment surrounding the first communication means; second communication device, the second communication device acquires sensed by the first communication device sensing measured data; and a third communication apparatus, based on the third communication apparatus transmitted from said second communication device sensed data, it is determined using a spectrum assigned to a first communication service or all of the second part the feasibility of using communications services.
2.根据权利要求1所述的通信系统,其中基于所述感测数据,当所述第二通信服务要使用的频谱未被所述第一通信服务实际使用时,所述第三通信装置判定所述频谱可用于所述第二通信服务。 The communication system according to claim 1, wherein based on the sensed data, when a spectrum of the second communication service to use the first communication service is not actually used, the third communication device determines the spectrum may be used for the second communication service.
3.根据权利要求2所述的通信系统,其中当所述第三通信装置判定所述第二通信服务的利用可行时,所述第三通信装置请求另一通信装置允许开始所述第二通信服务的利用。 3. The communication system according to claim 2, wherein when said third means determines that the communication using the second communication service is available, the third communication device requests another communication device to allow the second communication start service utilization.
4.根据权利要求1所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置是被预先允许决定开始所述第二通信服务的利用的装置,并且,当所述第三通信装置判定所述第二通信服务的利用可行时,所述第三通信装置开始所述第二通信服务。 4. The communication system according to claim 1, wherein said third communication means is permitted in advance to decide to start the device using a second communication service, and, when the third communication device determines that the second when using the communication service is available, the third communication device starts the second communication service.
5.根据权利要求4所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置还从能够判定所述第二通信服务的利用的可行性的另一通信装置接收由该另一通信装置获取的感测数据,并且基于所接收的感测数据来判定所述第二通信服务的服务区域的扩展的可行性。 The communication system according to claim 4, wherein the third communication apparatus can be determined from the further sensing device receiving another communication feasibility of using the second communication service is acquired by the another communication device data, and based on the received sensed data to determine the feasibility of the extension of the second communication service in the service area.
6.根据权利要求5所述的通信系统,其中由所述另一通信装置获取的感测数据是由再另一个通信装置感测的感测数据。 The communication system according to claim 5, wherein the sensed data acquired by said another communication device is sensed data generated by yet another communication device senses a.
7.根据权利要求1所述的通信系统,其中所述第二通信装置把由另一通信装置获取的感测数据和由所述第二通信装置获取的感测数据发送到所述第三通信装置。 The communication system according to claim 1, wherein the second communication device transmits sensed data acquired by another communication device and acquired by the second communication device sensed data to the third communication device.
8.根据权利要求1所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置把从所述第一通信装置或所述第二通信装置发送的用于所述第一通信服务的通信分组中继到另一通信装置。 The communication system according to claim 1, wherein said third communication means from said first to said second communication means or communication means for transmitting said communication packet to the first communication service relaying another communication device.
9.根据权利要求1所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置从另一通信装置获取规章信息,并且还基于该规章信息来判定所述第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 9. The communication system according to claim 1, wherein the third communication device acquires regulatory information from another communication apparatus, and also based on the rules information to determine the feasibility of using the second communication service.
10.根据权利要求3所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置把关于所述感测数据的硬判决的结果发送到向其请求允许开始所述第二通信服务的利用的通信装置。 The communication system according to claim 3, wherein the third communication apparatus transmits a result of hard decision on the sensed data to a communication apparatus using its requesting permission to start the second communication service.
11.根据权利要求5所述的通信系统,其中所述第三通信装置通过相互比较由多个通信装置获取的感测数据来评估每个感测数据的可靠性。 11. The communication system of claim 5, wherein said third communication means to evaluate reliability of each sensed data by comparing the sensed data acquired from each other by a plurality of communication devices.
12.根据权利要求7所述的通信系统,其中所述第二通信装置通过使用自治分布式通信协议来与获取感测数据的所述另一通信装置执行通信。 12. A communication system according to claim 7, wherein said second communication means performs communication with acquires the sensed data to another communication device by using the autonomous distributed communication protocol.
13.—种通信装置,包括: 通信单元,该通信单元接收由另一通信装置感测到的与该另一通信装置周围的通信环境有关的感测数据;以及判定单元,该判定单元判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 13.- kinds of communication apparatus, comprising: a communication unit, the communication unit receives sensed by the sensing device to another communication sensed data related to the communication environment surrounding another communication device; and a determination means, the determination means determines that use the feasibility of using a portion or all of the second communication service is allocated to a first communication service spectrum.
14.一种程序,该程序使得控制通信装置的计算机实现包括以下各单元的功能: 通信单元,该通信单元接收由另一通信装置感测到的与该另一通信装置周围的通信环境有关的感测数据;以及判定单元,该判定单元判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 14. A program, the program causing a computer controlling a communication device to achieve the following functional units comprising: a communication unit, the communication unit receives sensed by the sensing means to the further communication with the communication environment surrounding another communication device associated sensing data; and a determination means, the determination means determines the feasibility of using the spectrum assigned to a first communication service part or all of the second communication service.
15.一种通信控制方法,包括以下步骤: 利用第一通信装置感测该第一通信装置周围的通信环境; 利用第二通信装置获取由所述第一通信装置所感测的感测数据;以及利用第三通信装置基于所获取的感测数据来判定使用被分配给第一通信服务的频谱的一部分或全部的第二通信服务的利用的可行性。 15. A communication control method, comprising the steps of: using a first communication means for sensing the communication environment surrounding the first communication device; using the second communication means acquires sensed data sensed by the sensing means of said first communication; and based on the acquired sensed data to determine the feasibility of using the spectrum assigned to a first communication service part or all of the second communication service using a third communication device.
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