CN105241432A - Building facade measurement method - Google Patents

Building facade measurement method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105241432A
CN105241432A CN201510622200.5A CN201510622200A CN105241432A CN 105241432 A CN105241432 A CN 105241432A CN 201510622200 A CN201510622200 A CN 201510622200A CN 105241432 A CN105241432 A CN 105241432A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
facade
point
station
data
measurement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510622200.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹志华
张清
许家伟
张超然
杨培培
刘木川
潘金宝
孙瑞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Railway Urban Planning and Design Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Railway Urban Planning and Design Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Railway Urban Planning and Design Institute Co Ltd filed Critical China Railway Urban Planning and Design Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510622200.5A priority Critical patent/CN105241432A/en
Publication of CN105241432A publication Critical patent/CN105241432A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00

Abstract

A purpose of the present invention is to provide a building facade measurement method, wherein measurement calculation is performed through field measurement and office work data processing. According to the method, station arrangement is performed to measure each detail point data and the field elevation difference of facade, the obtained detail data is modified to the facade, and finally the facade map is drawn. According to the present invention, the total station instrument prism-free technology is completely used to measure the building facade, only two people use the method to work so as to efficiently complete the measurement and the precision is reliable, and the method is suitable for the building facade measurement.

Description

A kind of outside vertical surface of building measuring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fields of measurement of outside vertical surface of building, particularly relate to a kind of new low cost, high efficiency outside vertical surface of building measuring method.
Background technology
Measure the traditional measurement means of outside vertical surface of building mainly to measure, use instrument is tape measure, steel ruler, hand-held stadimeter etc., and for having for obstruct, the buildings that cannot directly measure, the method is just difficult to carry out.At present, advanced facade measurement means has the new and high technology such as close-range photogrammetry, three-dimensional laser scanner, but instrument cost is too high, and interior industry process is complicated, and even in some cases compared with traditional means, advantage is not given prominence to.Therefore solve the problem and just seem very necessary.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem, the invention provides a kind of total powerstation that utilizes and measure the method for outside vertical surface of building without prism technique, the method only needs 2 people's operations efficiently can complete measurement and precision is reliable, solves produced problem in background technology.
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of outside vertical surface of building measuring method, include field operation and measure and data processing, described field operation measurement includes following steps:
Step one: select as far as possible to see that station is established in the position of facade panorama before the facade needing observation, adopt assumed coordinate system and Free Station, angle is orientated the north to zero setting;
Step 2: after establishing station to complete, total powerstation is used to carry out quick short steps measurement without prism: first to gather each thin portion point data on facade, comprise the thin portion such as door and window, post, eaves horizontal level unique point, the corresponding period of thin portion point, coincide point is to numbering, detailed record when sketch is sketched, and take pictures so that interior industry reference;
Step 3: the vertical interval between window, the data acquisition total powerstations such as door and window is high, buildings is high obtain without prism vertical survey mode, and the on-the-spot plus-minus calculating direct solution that passes through draws the field operation discrepancy in elevation;
Described data processing includes following steps:
Step 4: on facade step 2 obtained, each thin portion point data corrects positive facade (owing to adopting Free Station after CASS software machine plotting, elevation detail point data is the positive facade of right and wrong after CASS software machine plotting): select two points on same projection line as the axis y1 of elevation drawing, these 2 as far as possible apart from maximum (building body two-end-point), using wherein as rotation basic point, using orthogonal function to carrying out station correction a little, correcting posterior axis y1 and overlapping with coordinate axis y-axis;
Step 5: with reference to facade photo, according to field sketch period, on the positive facade that corresponding step 4 draws, period connects point-rendering elevation drawing, and vertical orientation data, according to field operation discrepancy in elevation calculating achievement, just draws outside vertical surface of building figure.
Further improvement is: the detail point of described step 2 not intervisibility in measuring, without the need to tributary station, only need establish station place in next time, gather two place's coincide points, follow-up measurement data is connected.
Further improvement is: the point that the different survey station of described step 4 is surveyed need separately correct, and has coincide point to measure, carry out data-linkage again after station correction between survey station.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention is measured by field operation and data processing carries out survey calculation, first carry out establishing station to measure facade each thin portion point data and the field operation discrepancy in elevation, afterwards by each thin portion data correction that obtains to positive facade, finally carry out drafting elevation drawing; The present invention adopts total powerstation completely without prism technique to measure the alien invasion of buildings, and the method only needs 2 people's operations efficiently can complete measurement and precision is reliable, is applicable in the measurement of outside vertical surface of building.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the horizontal level characteristic point data figure of each thin portion point that the step 2 of the present embodiment records.
Fig. 2 is elevation detail point data non-front elevation view after CASS software machine plotting that the present embodiment step 2 records.
Fig. 3 is that the present embodiment step 4 corrects front elevation view.
Fig. 4 is the elevation drawing that the present embodiment step 5 is drawn.
Embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and this embodiment only for explaining the present invention, does not form limiting the scope of the present invention.
As Figure 1-4, the present embodiment provides a kind of outside vertical surface of building measuring method, and include field operation and measure and data processing, described field operation measurement includes following steps:
Step one: select as far as possible to see that station is established in the position of facade panorama before the facade needing observation, adopt assumed coordinate system and Free Station, angle is orientated the north to zero setting;
Step 2: after establishing station to complete, total powerstation is used to carry out quick short steps measurement without prism: first to gather each thin portion point data on facade, comprise the thin portion such as door and window, post, eaves horizontal level unique point, the corresponding period of thin portion point, coincide point is to numbering, detailed record when sketch is sketched, and take pictures so that interior industry reference;
Step 3: the vertical interval between window, the data acquisition total powerstations such as door and window is high, buildings is high obtain without prism vertical survey mode, and the on-the-spot plus-minus calculating direct solution that passes through draws the field operation discrepancy in elevation;
Described data processing includes following steps:
Step 4: on facade step 2 obtained, each thin portion point data corrects positive facade (owing to adopting Free Station after CASS software machine plotting, elevation detail point data is the positive facade of right and wrong after CASS software machine plotting): select two points on same projection line as the axis y1 of elevation drawing, these 2 as far as possible apart from maximum (building body two-end-point), using wherein as rotation basic point, using orthogonal function to carrying out station correction a little, correcting posterior axis y1 and overlapping with coordinate axis y-axis;
Step 5: with reference to facade photo, according to field sketch period, on the positive facade that corresponding step 4 draws, period connects point-rendering elevation drawing, and vertical orientation data, according to field operation discrepancy in elevation calculating achievement, just draws outside vertical surface of building figure.
The detail point of described step 2 not intervisibility in measuring, without the need to tributary station, only need establish station place in next time, gather two place's coincide points, follow-up measurement data is connected.The point that the different survey station of described step 4 is surveyed need separately correct, and has coincide point to measure, carry out data-linkage again after station correction between survey station.
To be measured by field operation and data processing carries out survey calculation, first carry out establishing station measurement facade each thin portion point data and the field operation discrepancy in elevation, afterwards by each thin portion data correction that obtains to positive facade, finally carry out drafting elevation drawing; The present invention adopts total powerstation completely without prism technique to measure the alien invasion of buildings, and the method only needs 2 people's operations efficiently can complete measurement and precision is reliable, is applicable in the measurement of outside vertical surface of building.

Claims (3)

1. an outside vertical surface of building measuring method, includes field operation and measures and data processing, it is characterized in that: described field operation measurement includes following steps:
Step one: select as far as possible to see that station is established in the position of facade panorama before the facade needing observation, adopt assumed coordinate system and Free Station, angle is orientated the north to zero setting;
Step 2: after establishing station to complete, total powerstation is used to carry out quick short steps measurement without prism: first to gather each thin portion point data on facade, comprise the thin portion such as door and window, post, eaves horizontal level unique point, the corresponding period of thin portion point, coincide point is to numbering, detailed record when sketch is sketched, and take pictures so that interior industry reference;
Step 3: the vertical interval between window, the data acquisition total powerstations such as door and window is high, buildings is high obtain without prism vertical survey mode, and the on-the-spot plus-minus calculating direct solution that passes through draws the field operation discrepancy in elevation;
Described data processing includes following steps:
Step 4: on facade step 2 obtained, each thin portion point data corrects positive facade (owing to adopting Free Station after CASS software machine plotting, elevation detail point data is the positive facade of right and wrong after CASS software machine plotting): select two points on same projection line as the axis of elevation drawing, these 2 as far as possible apart from maximum (building body two-end-point), using wherein as rotation basic point, using orthogonal function to carrying out station correction a little, correcting posterior axis and overlapping with coordinate axis y-axis;
Step 5: with reference to facade photo, according to field sketch period, on the positive facade that corresponding step 4 draws, period connects point-rendering elevation drawing, and vertical orientation data, according to field operation discrepancy in elevation calculating achievement, just draws outside vertical surface of building figure.
2. a kind of outside vertical surface of building measuring method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the detail point of described step 2 not intervisibility in measuring, without the need to tributary station, only need establish station place in next time, gather two place's coincide points, follow-up measurement data is connected.
3. a kind of outside vertical surface of building measuring method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the point that the different survey station of described step 4 is surveyed need separately correct, and has coincide point to measure, carry out data-linkage again after station correction between survey station.
CN201510622200.5A 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Building facade measurement method Pending CN105241432A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510622200.5A CN105241432A (en) 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Building facade measurement method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510622200.5A CN105241432A (en) 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Building facade measurement method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105241432A true CN105241432A (en) 2016-01-13

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CN201510622200.5A Pending CN105241432A (en) 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Building facade measurement method

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105241432A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108072353A (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-25 蛛巢株式会社 Measuring method and measuring device
CN109059864A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-21 广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院 Unmanned plane large scale topographical map house alien invasion mapping method, device and medium
CN110686651A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-14 上海勘察设计研究院(集团)有限公司 Building facade measuring method and system based on three-dimensional laser scanning

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周学林: "GPS结合全站仪进行立面图测量方法的探讨", 《甘肃科技》 *
林增南: "房屋外立面测量方法浅谈-以某旅游景区入口道路两侧房屋立面测量为例", 《广东科技》 *
黄首彪: "基于全站仪的地形图测绘方法探讨", 《浙江水利水电专科学校学报》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108072353A (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-25 蛛巢株式会社 Measuring method and measuring device
CN108072353B (en) * 2016-11-07 2020-06-02 蛛巢株式会社 Measuring method and measuring device
CN109059864A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-21 广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院 Unmanned plane large scale topographical map house alien invasion mapping method, device and medium
CN110686651A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-14 上海勘察设计研究院(集团)有限公司 Building facade measuring method and system based on three-dimensional laser scanning

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