CN105234796B - A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method - Google Patents

A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105234796B
CN105234796B CN201510681042.0A CN201510681042A CN105234796B CN 105234796 B CN105234796 B CN 105234796B CN 201510681042 A CN201510681042 A CN 201510681042A CN 105234796 B CN105234796 B CN 105234796B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sleeve
main shaft
fixed
polishing wheel
shaft
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510681042.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105234796A (en
Inventor
梁志和
黄耿志
林启东
何绮毅
Original Assignee
广州珠江钢琴集团股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广州珠江钢琴集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 广州珠江钢琴集团股份有限公司
Priority to CN201510681042.0A priority Critical patent/CN105234796B/en
Publication of CN105234796A publication Critical patent/CN105234796A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105234796B publication Critical patent/CN105234796B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B45/00Means for securing grinding wheels on rotary arbors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/16Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces performing a reciprocating movement, e.g. during which the sense of rotation of the working-spindle is reversed

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine to include main shaft and polishing wheel mechanism;Polishing wheel mechanism includes:Fixed cover, polishing wheel retaining sleeve, expansion sleeve, polishing wheel;Expansion sleeve includes tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder;Fixed cover is arranged on main shaft, and one end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is fixed by socket on fixed cover;Fixed ringfeder is arranged on main shaft, and the other end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is socketed on fixed ringfeder;Polishing wheel is fixed on polishing wheel retaining sleeve;Fixed ringfeder includes cylindrical portion and external conical-tube part, and lock screw connects tensioner tapered sleeve with the cylindrical portion of fixed ringfeder, and tensioner tapered sleeve, external conical-tube part, polishing wheel retaining sleeve are held out against successively.The invention further relates to a kind of automatic aligning method of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine.The present invention has simple in construction, is convenient to mount and dismount, polishing machine is calibrated without starting shooting, and the advantages of greatly improving production efficiency, belongs to polishing machine technical field.

Description

A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method

Technical field

The present invention relates to polishing machine technical field, specifically, be related to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its Automatic aligning method.

Background technology

The polishing wheel of existing piano sheet material polishing machine is directly installed on main shaft, and polishing machine operation pair is first made before polishing Polishing wheel is debugged, and adjusts the installation site of polishing wheel, ensures the piano plate plane that polishing wheel is dished out smooth.Polishing wheel is With the cylinder of multigroup cotton piece buff superposition composition, paint face is polished with the cylindrical of cylinder when rotation.

Because the periphery plane of multigroup cotton piece buff superposition composition is inconsistent, the pliability of periphery is different, And cloth wheel surface must make buffing wax even spread before being polished, meet polishing and require.These work static must be adjusted Dynamic adjusts again after whole.

In order to improve processing efficiency, frequently with the form of multiaxis polishing, i.e., set gradually along the conveying direction of sheet material more Platform polishing machine, every polishing machine are respectively provided with a main shaft, and a main shaft drives a polishing wheel to rotate.Sheet material is defeated on a production line Send once, you can successively by multiple polishing buff polishings, effectively improve processing efficiency.After polishing wheel reaches service life, to enter Row is changed, very high to the form of multiaxis polishing, the replacement frequency of polishing wheel.If polishing machine fortune will be started by changing polishing wheel every time Rotating state is debugged, then polishing machine has the most duration of runs to be in off working state, substantially reduces the production of multiaxis polishing machine Efficiency.

For this reason, it may be necessary to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine is invented, using the polishing wheel calibration equipment of peripheral hardware to throwing Halo is calibrated, and the polishing wheel after calibration is directly installed on main shaft by mechanical structure, and mechanical structure is correctly after assembling The i.e. automatic calibration of polishing wheel, without the dynamic calibration on polishing machine.

The content of the invention

For technical problem present in prior art, the purpose of the present invention is:A kind of polishing wheel being convenient to mount and dismount is provided Automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method, it is final to realize without calibrating polishing wheel on polishing machine, greatly reduce throwing The downtime of ray machine, improve production efficiency.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:

A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine, including main shaft and polishing wheel mechanism;Polishing wheel mechanism includes:It is fixed Set, polishing wheel retaining sleeve, expansion sleeve, polishing wheel;Expansion sleeve includes tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder;Fixed cover is arranged on main shaft On, one end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is fixed by socket on fixed cover;Fixed ringfeder is arranged on main shaft, polishing wheel retaining sleeve it is another One end is socketed on fixed ringfeder;Polishing wheel is fixed on polishing wheel retaining sleeve;Fixed ringfeder includes cylindrical portion and outer cone Cylinder part, cylindrical portion are fixed by socket on main shaft, and the inner ring of external conical-tube part is truncated cone-shaped;Tensioner tapered sleeve is enclosed on main shaft On, periphery is the truncated cone-shaped with the inner ring phase snug fit of external conical-tube part;Worn parallel to the lock screw of main shaft axial direction Tensioner tapered sleeve is crossed to connect tensioner tapered sleeve with the cylindrical portion of fixed ringfeder, in radial directions, tensioner tapered sleeve, fixed ringfeder External conical-tube part, polishing wheel retaining sleeve holds out against successively.

Polishing wheel retaining sleeve includes cylindrical sleeve and two end caps, and two end caps are fixed by socket outside cylindrical sleeve and are located at cylinder The both ends of set;Polishing wheel is fixed by socket outside cylindrical sleeve and between two end cap;Fixed cover includes inner sleeve and extension, extension top In one end of cylindrical sleeve, it is fixed by socket the inner sleeve on main shaft and stretches into polishing wheel retaining sleeve.

The inner sleeve of fixed cover includes the first inner sleeve section and the second inner sleeve section, and the first inner sleeve section, the second inner sleeve section, extension are successively Set;The external diameter of second inner sleeve section is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve, and the external diameter of the first inner sleeve section is less than or equal to the second inner sleeve section External diameter;In fixed ringfeder, the external diameter of cylindrical portion is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve, the external diameter of external conical-tube part and cylindrical sleeve Internal diameter is consistent.

The quantity of lock screw is more, is evenly arranged along the circumference around main shaft;

Tensioner tapered sleeve passes through tensioner tapered sleeve parallel to the dismounting screw of main shaft axial direction, held equipped with more dismounting screws Portion withstands on the cylindrical portion of fixed ringfeder;Dismounting screw is uniformly distributed along the circumference around main shaft.

Lock screw is identical with the quantity of dismounting screw, and is arranged positioned at same even circumferential, lock screw and dismounting spiral shell Silk is spaced apart.

End cap is screwed in cylindrical sleeve;Fixed ringfeder is screwed on main shaft;Fixed cover passes through spiral shell Silk and key connection are fixed on main shaft;Pass through key connection between polishing wheel and cylindrical sleeve.

A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine also includes:Frame, main shaft support mechanism, rotating drive mechanism, axial direction Translation drive mechanism;Main shaft is arranged in frame by main shaft support mechanism, and main shaft is relative to main shaft support mechanism axial translation; The axial translation drive mechanism of main shaft axially reciprocating is promoted to be arranged in frame, the rotating drive mechanism that drive shaft rotates In frame.

Main shaft is the first shaft part, the second shaft part, the 3rd shaft part, the 4th shaft part successively from head to afterbody;First shaft part and 3rd shaft part connects with main shaft support mechanism, and the second shaft part is equipped with polishing wheel mechanism, and the 4th shaft part connects with rotating drive mechanism And connect relative to rotating drive mechanism axial translation, axial translation drive mechanism with the 3rd shaft part;From the head of main shaft to tail Portion direction, tensioner tapered sleeve, fixed ringfeder, fixed cover are set gradually;In the inner ring of the external conical-tube part of fixed ringfeder, truncated cone-shaped Larger one end is towards the head of main shaft.

Rotating drive mechanism includes:Rotational drive motor, driving wheel, belt pulley and belt;Rack-mounted rotation The output termination driving wheel of motor, belt pulley are enclosed on the 4th shaft part, belt winding driving wheel and belt pulley;4th shaft part Key is installed, key be caught in axially penetrate through belt pulley keyway belt pulley and main shaft are carried out it is circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, Key is along keyway axial slip.

Main shaft support mechanism includes:One head rest, a tail bracket, two support bars, three bearings, three ends Lid, three axle sleeves;Wherein, two support bars are parallel to each other, and are arranged on main axis parallel above main shaft;Head rest is fixed On the head of support bar, tail bracket is fixed on the afterbody of support bar, and tail bracket is fixed in frame;In the first shaft part, one Individual axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve is rotated by a bearing in head rest, and the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on head The front end of portion's bracket, the first shaft part are provided with key, and key is caught in the keyway for axially penetrating through axle sleeve to axle sleeve and the circumferential limit of main shaft progress Position, during main shaft axial translation, key is along keyway axial slip;On the head of the 3rd shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, axle Set is rotated by a bearing in tail bracket, and the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the front end of tail bracket, the 3rd shaft part Head key is installed, key, which is caught in, to be axially penetrated through the keyway of axle sleeve and carries out circumferential spacing, main shaft axial translation to axle sleeve and main shaft When, key is along keyway axial slip;In the afterbody of the 3rd shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve passes through a bearing Being rotated in tail bracket, the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the rear end of tail bracket, and the afterbody of the 3rd shaft part is provided with key, Key, which is caught in, to be axially penetrated through the keyway of axle sleeve and axle sleeve and main shaft is carried out circumferential spacing, and during main shaft axial translation, key is along shaft with key way To sliding;Axial translation drive mechanism is surrounded between the end cap of the 3rd shaft part head and afterbody, tail bracket and main shaft Accommodating chamber.

Axial translation drive mechanism includes:Axial translation motor, eccentric wheel, jig arm, sliding block, promotion set;Wherein, push away Dynamic the 3rd shaft part for being socketed in main shaft, with main shaft axial restraint, circumferentially opposed rotation;It is flat to promote the upper and lower end face of set Face, upper transverse plane are provided with the horizontal straight trough perpendicular to main shaft;Clamping promotes the jig arm of the upper and lower end face of set to include:With promotion Upper arm, the underarm with promoting the lower surface covered fitting, the linking arm for being connected upper arm and underarm of the upper surface fitting of set;Upper arm with Sliding block connects, and underarm connects with eccentric wheel;The axial translation motor that driving eccentric wheel annular rotates is relatively fixed with frame; Sliding block, which is located in horizontal straight trough along horizontal straight trough, to be slid;Eccentric wheel is translated by jig arm band movable slider, and sliding block passes through laterally straight Groove, which drives, promotes set axial translation.

A kind of automatic aligning method of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine, comprises the following steps:

(1) polishing wheel is arranged on polishing wheel retaining sleeve, calibrated entirely through polishing wheel calibration equipment;

(2) head rest is removed, fixed cover is fixed by socket on main shaft, fixed ringfeder is fixed by socket on main shaft;

(3) the polishing wheel retaining sleeve equipped with polishing wheel for obtaining step (1) is socketed in outside fixed cover and fixed ringfeder, is thrown The end of halo retaining sleeve is withstood in the extension of fixed cover;

(4) tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder are locked with lock screw, the connection between tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder is got over Closely, fixed ringfeder is bigger to the pressure of polishing wheel retaining sleeve;After polishing wheel retaining sleeve and fixed cover, expansion sleeve coordinate, Polishing wheel is calibrated without running calibration by the main shaft of polishing machine naturally;

(5) head rest that installation steps (2) are removed.

The present invention principle be:

Polishing wheel is arranged on polishing wheel retaining sleeve, calibrated entirely through the polishing wheel calibrator (-ter) unit of peripheral hardware.The polishing Calibrator (-ter) unit simulation single shaft polisher design is taken turns, both main shafts are identical with the correspondence position that polishing wheel is installed.Calibration is thrown Halo relative to the main shaft of polishing wheel calibrator (-ter) unit position.

Fixed cover, expansion sleeve and main shaft are engaged, and fixed cover, expansion sleeve and polishing wheel retaining sleeve are engaged, as long as these Mechanical part installation is correct, and polishing wheel can be calibrated automatically relative to the position of the main shaft of polishing machine.Polishing machine need to only shut down peace Polishing wheel retaining sleeve is filled, is calibrated without starting shooting, under most times of polishing machine are in running order, greatly improves production effect Rate.

By assembling and disassembling head rest and tensioner tapered sleeve, you can it is convenient more renew calibrated good polishing wheel (together with Polishing wheel retaining sleeve), it is simple in construction, it is easy to operate.

Generally speaking, the invention has the advantages that:

1. it is simple in construction, it is convenient to mount and dismount.

2. polishing machine greatly improves production efficiency without calibration polishing wheel of starting shooting.

3. the structure being engaged using the truncated cone-shaped conical surface, is changed into radial direction pressure, effectively to polishing wheel by axial lock clamp force Retaining sleeve is fixed.

4. the assembly method being fixed by socket using cylindrical shape, registration, the final polishing wheel ensured after calibration relative to The position of polishing machine main shaft is accurate.

5. using dismounting screw structural, tensioner tapered sleeve can be removed easily.When changing polishing wheel, also only need by dismantling spiral shell Silk removes tensioner tapered sleeve, you can polishing wheel retaining sleeve removed, it is simple in construction, and it is easy to operate.Fixed cover, fixed ringfeder are long-term On main shaft, its elasticity and abrasion condition are inspected periodically.

6. the axial translation only by main shaft is that swinging for polishing wheel can be achieved, and controls the translation of main shaft only to need Lower-powered motor, without the translation mechanism that setting is huge.

7. coordinate control polishing action by two motors:Drive polishing wheel to rotate by rotational drive motor, pass through axle Main axis driving polishing wheel is coordinated to move back and forth to translation motor.

8. by the cooperation of key and penetration type keyway, circumferentially positioned and axial translation is realized, it is simple in construction.

9. driving slide block movement by the structure of eccentric wheel and jig arm, then driven by the respective outer side edges of sliding block and horizontal straight trough The alternating translational of dynamic main shaft, clever structure are easy to operate.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine.

Fig. 2 is the sectional view in Fig. 1 right apparent direction.

Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of axial translation drive mechanism in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is Fig. 2 partial enlarged drawing.

Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing in B directions in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the top view of jig arm.

Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of tail bracket.

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the top half of polishing machine.

Fig. 9 is the sectional view of the installation diagram of polishing wheel retaining sleeve and fixed cover.

Figure 10 is Fig. 9 top view.

Figure 11 is the sectional view of expansion sleeve, and wherein the slice location of the latter half is in dismounting screw.

Figure 12 is the side view of tensioner tapered sleeve.

Figure 13 is along the sectional view in A-A directions in Figure 12.

Figure 14 is the side view of fixed ringfeder.

3-1 is frame, and 3-2 is main shaft, and 3-3 is main shaft support mechanism, and 3-4 is rotating drive mechanism, and 3-5 is axial translation Drive mechanism, 3-6 are polishing wheel mechanisms, and 3-7 is polishing wheel elevating mechanism, and 3-8 is base.

3-2-1 is the first shaft part, and 3-2-2 is the second shaft part, and 3-2-3 is the 3rd shaft part, and 3-2-4 is the 4th shaft part.

3-3-1 is head rest, and 3-3-2 is tail bracket, and 3-3-3 is support bar, and 3-3-4 is bearing, and 3-3-5 is main shaft The end cap of supporting mechanism, 3-3-6 are axle sleeves, and 3-3-7 is cushion cover.

3-4-1 is rotational drive motor, and 3-4-2 is driving wheel, and 3-4-3 is belt pulley, and 3-4-4 is belt.

3-5-1 is axial translation motor, and 3-5-2 is eccentric wheel, and 3-5-3 is jig arm, and 3-5-4 is sliding block, and 3-5-5 is Set is promoted, 3-5-6 is stopper ring.3-5-3-1 is upper arm, and 3-5-3-2 is underarm, and 3-5-3-3 is linking arm.3-5-5-1 is horizontal To straight trough.

3-7-1 is lifting motor, and 3-7-2 is column, and 3-7-3 is fulcrum bearing, and 3-7-4 is nut seat, and 3-7-5 is spiral shell Bar, 3-7-6 are upper screw bolt seats, and 3-7-7 is lower screw bolt seat.

1-2 is fixed cover, and 1-3 is polishing wheel retaining sleeve, and 1-4 is expansion sleeve, and 1-5 is polishing wheel.α is gradient.

1-21 is inner sleeve, and 1-22 is extension, and 1-211 is the first inner sleeve section, and 1-212 is the second inner sleeve section.

1-31 is cylindrical sleeve, and 1-32 is the end cap of polishing wheel retaining sleeve.

1-41 is tensioner tapered sleeve, and 1-42 is fixed ringfeder, and 1-43 is lock screw, and 1-44 is dismounting screw, and 1-421 is circle Cylindrical portion, 1-422 are external conical-tube part.

Embodiment

It is next below that the present invention will be further described in detail.

A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine includes:Frame, main shaft, main shaft support mechanism, rotating drive mechanism, axle To translation drive mechanism, polishing wheel mechanism, polishing wheel elevating mechanism, base.Each several part is described in detail below.

1. main shaft:

Main shaft is the first shaft part, the second shaft part, the 3rd shaft part, the 4th shaft part successively from head to afterbody.Wherein, first axle Section and the 3rd shaft part connect with main shaft support mechanism, and the second shaft part is equipped with polishing wheel mechanism, the 4th shaft part and rotating drive mechanism Connect and connect relative to rotating drive mechanism axial translation, axial translation drive mechanism with the 3rd shaft part.

The diameter of axle of first shaft part is r1;The diameter of axle of second shaft part and the 4th shaft part is r2;With the axle on the 3rd shaft part head The diameter of axle for covering the 3rd shaft part of position correspondence is r3;Axle with axial translation drive mechanism position correspondence, with the 3rd shaft part afterbody The diameter of axle for covering the 3rd shaft part of position correspondence is r2;R1 < r2 < r3.In the afterbody of the 3rd shaft part, the 3rd shaft part is fixed by socket one Individual external diameter is r3 cushion cover, and after setting cushion cover, the external diameter of the head of the 3rd shaft part and the afterbody (containing cushion cover) of the 3rd shaft part is equal.

2. polishing wheel mechanism:

Polishing wheel mechanism is arranged on the second shaft part of main shaft, from the head of main shaft to caudal directions, tensioner tapered sleeve, fixation Ringfeder, fixed cover are set gradually.

Polishing wheel mechanism includes:Fixed cover, polishing wheel retaining sleeve, expansion sleeve, polishing wheel, lock screw, dismounting screw.

Fixed cover includes:Inner sleeve and extension.Inner sleeve includes the first inner sleeve section and the second inner sleeve section.From the head of main shaft to tail Portion direction is the first inner sleeve section, the second inner sleeve section, extension successively.First inner sleeve section is cylindrical shape, and internal diameter is consistent with main shaft external diameter, External diameter is less than the second inner sleeve section.Second inner sleeve section is cylindrical shape, and internal diameter is consistent with main shaft external diameter, the internal diameter one of external diameter and cylindrical sleeve Cause.Extension is discoid.Fixed cover is fixed by screw and key connection with main shaft.

Polishing wheel retaining sleeve includes a cylindrical sleeve and two end caps.Cylindrical sleeve is cylindrical shape.End cap is enclosed on outside cylindrical sleeve And it is screwed in positioned at the both ends of cylindrical sleeve, end cap outside cylindrical sleeve.

Expansion sleeve includes connecting integral tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder.Tensioner tapered sleeve is annular, inner ring and master For axle engagement sleeves on main shaft, periphery is that truncated cone-shaped coordinates with fixed ringfeder.Fixed ringfeder includes cylindrical portion and external conical-tube portion Point, cylindrical portion is fixed by socket on main shaft, and the external diameter of cylindrical portion is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve, external conical-tube part Inner ring is the truncated cone-shaped with tensioner tapered sleeve phase snug fit, and the external diameter of external conical-tube part is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve.Fixation is risen Set is screwed on main shaft.Connected between tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder by lock screw.The round platform of tensioner tapered sleeve The gradient of the periphery of shape is 5 degree, and preferable gradient is 5-45 degree, and larger one end of round platform is towards the head of main shaft.

Polishing wheel is enclosed in cylindrical sleeve, and between two end cap.Pass through key connection between polishing wheel and cylindrical sleeve.

Lock screw has four, circumferentially uniformly.Lock screw passes through tensioner tapered sleeve, and end screws in the circle of fixed ringfeder Cylindrical portion, tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder are locked.During locking, the cylindrical portion of the end of tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder End between leave gap.

Dismounting screw has four, circumferentially uniformly, and is located at same circumference with lock screw, with lock screw interval Stagger.Dismounting screw passes through tensioner tapered sleeve, and end withstands on the cylindrical portion end of fixed ringfeder.

The installation method of polishing wheel mechanism, comprises the following steps:(1) polishing wheel is arranged on cylindrical sleeve by key connection On, installation end cap is to polishing wheel axial limiting;(2) fixed cover is fixed by socket on main shaft, both pass through screw and key connection; Fixed ringfeder is fixed on main shaft by screw socket;(3) polishing wheel retaining sleeve is socketed in outside fixed cover and fixed ringfeder, The end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is withstood in the extension of fixed cover;(4) tensioner tapered sleeve is inserted in, with lock screw by tensioner tapered sleeve and admittedly Determine ringfeder locking, the connection between tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder is closer, radial direction top of the fixed ringfeder to polishing wheel retaining sleeve Clamp force is bigger.Step (1) using the polishing wheel calibration equipment of peripheral hardware to polishing wheel afterwards, it is necessary to be corrected, correction polishing wheel phase For the position of the main shaft of polishing wheel calibration equipment, polishing wheel calibration equipment simulation polishing machine makes, and both main spindle's are corresponding. After correct installation polishing wheel retaining sleeve, the polishing wheel corrected relative to the position of the main shaft of polishing machine in the margin of tolerance, nothing It need to be corrected again on polishing machine.

, it is necessary to the polishing wheel more renewed after polishing wheel wear.The method for dismounting of polishing wheel mechanism, comprises the following steps:(1) Lock screw is removed;(2) dismounting screw is revolved deeper into the end for dismantling screw holds out against fixed ringfeder, so as to by tensioner Tapered sleeve ejects;(3) the polishing wheel retaining sleeve equipped with polishing wheel is extracted out.The new polishing wheel corrected and throwing are installed on main shaft Halo retaining sleeve.

Polishing wheel is arranged on polishing wheel retaining sleeve, after being calibrated entirely through polishing wheel calibration equipment, then installed in On the fixed cover and expansion sleeve on main shaft, after polishing wheel retaining sleeve and fixed cover, expansion sleeve coordinate, polishing wheel nature school It is accurate to be calibrated without being run by the main shaft of polishing machine.

3. rotating drive mechanism:

Rotating drive mechanism includes:Rotational drive motor, driving wheel, belt pulley and belt.

The output termination driving wheel of rack-mounted rotational drive motor, belt pulley are enclosed on the 4th shaft part, belt Wind driving wheel and belt pulley.4th shaft part is provided with key, and key is caught in the keyway for axially penetrating through belt pulley to belt pulley and main shaft Carry out circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, key is along keyway axial slip.

Rotational drive motor drives main axis by driving wheel and belt drive pulley rotation, belt pulley by key, Main shaft can be relative to belt pulley axial slip, and main shaft drives polishing wheel rotation and reciprocally swinging.

4. main shaft support mechanism:

Main shaft support mechanism includes:One head rest, a tail bracket, two support bars, three bearings, three ends Lid, three axle sleeves.

Two support bars are parallel to each other, and are arranged on main axis parallel above main shaft;Head rest is fixed on support bar Head, tail bracket is fixed on the afterbody of support bar, and tail bracket is fixed in frame.

In the first shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve is rotated by a bearing in head rest, is enclosed on End cap on main shaft is fixed on the front end of head rest.First shaft part is provided with key, and key is caught in the keyway pair for axially penetrating through axle sleeve Axle sleeve and main shaft carry out circumferential spacing, and during main shaft axial translation, key is along keyway axial slip.

One section on the close head of the 3rd shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve is by a bearing in tail Rotated in portion's bracket, the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the front end of tail bracket, and the head of the 3rd shaft part is provided with key, key card Enter to axially penetrate through the keyway of axle sleeve and axle sleeve and main shaft are carried out circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, key is axially sliding along keyway Move.

Caudal one section is leaned in the 3rd shaft part, cushion cover is socketed on main shaft, and an axle sleeve is socketed on cushion cover, axle sleeve Rotated by a bearing in tail bracket, the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the rear end of tail bracket, is installed on cushion cover Have a key, key be caught in axially penetrate through axle sleeve keyway axle sleeve and cushion cover are carried out it is circumferential spacing, when main shaft and cushion cover axial translation, key Along keyway axial slip.

Axial translation drive mechanism is surrounded between the two end cap of the 3rd shaft part head and afterbody, tail bracket and main shaft Accommodating chamber.

5. axial translation drive mechanism:

Axial translation drive mechanism includes:Axial translation motor, eccentric wheel, jig arm, sliding block, promotion set.

The 3rd shaft part for being socketed in main shaft is promoted, with main shaft axial restraint, circumferentially opposed rotation, specific mounting structure For:Promote and bearing is installed between set and main shaft;Two stopper rings being enclosed on main shaft are respectively against the head and tail for promoting set Portion.The upper and lower end face for promoting set is plane, and upper transverse plane is provided with the horizontal straight trough perpendicular to main shaft axial direction.

Jig arm clamping promotes the upper and lower end face of set, including:What the upper arm and promotion being bonded with the upper surface for promoting set covered The underarm of lower surface fitting, the linking arm for connecting upper arm and underarm.The linking arm being placed in the vertical direction is pivotally mounted at On tail bracket, when linking arm rotates, upper arm, underarm synchronous axial system.Upper arm connects with the upper end of sliding block, and the lower end of sliding block is stretched into In horizontal straight trough.Underarm is provided with the through hole of vertical direction, and the through hole is more than eccentric wheel, and eccentric wheel is stretched into the through hole.Driving is inclined The axial translation motor that heart wheel annular rotates is relatively fixed with frame, is arranged in the present embodiment on tail bracket.

Axial translation motor driving eccentric wheel rotates, and eccentric wheel promotes underarm axial wobble, and underarm passes through linking arm Upper arm axial wobble is driven, upper arm is pulled by sliding block promotes set axial translation, promotes set to drive main shaft and polishing wheel synchronizing shaft To alternating translational.

6. polishing wheel elevating mechanism:

Polishing wheel elevating mechanism includes:Lift motor, column, fulcrum bearing, nut seat, screw rod, upper screw bolt seat, lower spiral shell Pole socket.

Column, which erects, to be fixed on base, and upper screw bolt seat is fixed on column upper end, and lower screw bolt seat is fixed on base, can turned Dynamic screw rod is erected between upper screw bolt seat and lower screw bolt seat, and the lifting motor of drive screw turns is arranged on upper spiral shell On pole socket.

Frame is relatively fixed with fulcrum bearing, and fulcrum bearing is enclosed on column and slid up and down relative to column;Fulcrum bearing and spiral shell Female seat connects, and nut seat is enclosed on outside screw rod and is connected with screw flight, when screw rod rotates, nut seat upper and lower translation.Installed on column Have a key, the keyway that key is caught in through fulcrum bearing fulcrum bearing and column are carried out it is circumferential spacing, during fulcrum bearing axial translation, key along Keyway axial slip.

Lift motor to rotate, drive screw rod to rotate, screw rod drives nut seat upward-downward translation, nut seat, fulcrum bearing, machine Frame entirety upward-downward translation, frame drive the part upward-downward translations such as main shaft and the polishing wheel being fixed in frame, realize polishing wheel Lifting action.The pressure of sensor sensing polishing wheel is set, and according to the pressure of polishing wheel, the electric current of regulation lifting motor is big It is small, the high and low position of polishing wheel is controlled, realizes the automatic control and adjustment of polishing wheel pressure.

7. frame:

Main shaft support mechanism, rotating drive mechanism, axial translation drive mechanism are relatively fixed with frame.

8. base:

Frame is lifted by polishing wheel elevating mechanism on base, is realized the Stress control of polishing wheel, is entered wheel, moves back and move in turn Make.

During operation, material is along the horizontal direction feeding perpendicular to main shaft;Rotational drive motor operates, driving polishing rotation It is dynamic;The operating of axial translation motor, driving polishing wheel is along spindle shaft to reciprocally swinging;After reaching below polishing wheel, lifting Motor operates, and polishing wheel, which pushes, completes polishing action.

During polishing wheel wear, head rest and tensioner tapered sleeve only need to be assembled and disassembled, calibrated good being equipped with more renewed polishes The polishing wheel retaining sleeve of wheel, the nested cooperation by mechanical structure are that the automatic calibration of polishing wheel can be achieved.

Above-described embodiment is the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-described embodiment Limitation, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the present invention with made under principle change, modification, replacement, combine, simplification, Equivalent substitute mode is should be, is included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine, including main shaft and polishing wheel mechanism, it is characterised in that:Polishing wheel mechanism bag Include:Fixed cover, polishing wheel retaining sleeve, expansion sleeve, polishing wheel;Expansion sleeve includes tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder;
Fixed cover is arranged on main shaft, and one end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is fixed by socket on fixed cover;Fixed ringfeder is arranged on master On axle, the other end of polishing wheel retaining sleeve is socketed on fixed ringfeder;Polishing wheel is fixed on polishing wheel retaining sleeve;
Fixed ringfeder includes cylindrical portion and external conical-tube part, cylindrical portion are fixed by socket on main shaft, external conical-tube part Inner ring be truncated cone-shaped;Tensioner tapered sleeve is enclosed on main shaft, and periphery is the truncated cone-shaped with the inner ring phase snug fit of external conical-tube part; Tensioner tapered sleeve is connected with the cylindrical portion of fixed ringfeder through tensioner tapered sleeve parallel to the lock screw of main shaft axial direction, In radial directions, tensioner tapered sleeve, the external conical-tube part of fixed ringfeder, polishing wheel retaining sleeve are held out against successively;The polishing wheel folder Holding set includes cylindrical sleeve and two end caps, and two end caps are fixed by socket outside cylindrical sleeve and positioned at the both ends of cylindrical sleeve;Polishing wheel It is fixed by socket outside cylindrical sleeve and between two end cap;
Fixed cover includes inner sleeve and extension, and extension withstands on one end of cylindrical sleeve, is fixed by socket the inner sleeve on main shaft and stretches into polishing Take turns in retaining sleeve;
The inner sleeve of the fixed cover includes the first inner sleeve section and the second inner sleeve section, and the first inner sleeve section, the second inner sleeve section, extension are successively Set;The external diameter of second inner sleeve section is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve, and the external diameter of the first inner sleeve section is less than or equal to the second inner sleeve section External diameter;
In fixed ringfeder, the external diameter of cylindrical portion is consistent with the internal diameter of cylindrical sleeve, the external diameter of external conical-tube part and cylindrical sleeve Internal diameter is consistent.
2. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lock screw Quantity is more, is evenly arranged along the circumference around main shaft;
Tensioner tapered sleeve passes through tensioner tapered sleeve, end top equipped with more dismounting screws parallel to the dismounting screw of main shaft axial direction In the cylindrical portion of fixed ringfeder;Dismounting screw is uniformly distributed along the circumference around main shaft.
3. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lock screw and It is identical to dismantle the quantity of screw, and is arranged positioned at same even circumferential, lock screw and dismounting screw are spaced apart.
4. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The end cap passes through spiral shell Silk is fixed in cylindrical sleeve;Fixed ringfeder is screwed on main shaft;Fixed cover is fixed on master by screw and key connection On axle;Pass through key connection between polishing wheel and cylindrical sleeve.
5. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that:It Also include:Frame, main shaft support mechanism, rotating drive mechanism, axial translation drive mechanism;Main shaft is pacified by main shaft support mechanism In frame, main shaft is relative to main shaft support mechanism axial translation;Promote the axial translation driving of main shaft axially reciprocating Mechanism is arranged in frame, and the rotating drive mechanism that drive shaft rotates is arranged in frame.
6. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The main shaft is from head It is the first shaft part, the second shaft part, the 3rd shaft part, the 4th shaft part successively to afterbody;First shaft part and the 3rd shaft part and main shaft support Mechanism connects, and the second shaft part is equipped with polishing wheel mechanism, and the 4th shaft part connects with rotating drive mechanism and relative to rotation driving machine Structure axial translation, axial translation drive mechanism connect with the 3rd shaft part;
From the head of main shaft to caudal directions, tensioner tapered sleeve, fixed ringfeder, fixed cover are set gradually;The external conical-tube of fixed ringfeder In partial inner ring, larger one end of truncated cone-shaped is towards the head of main shaft.
7. according to a kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 6, it is characterised in that:The rotation driving machine Structure includes:Rotational drive motor, driving wheel, belt pulley and belt;The output termination of rack-mounted rotational drive motor Driving wheel, belt pulley are enclosed on the 4th shaft part, belt winding driving wheel and belt pulley;4th shaft part is provided with key, and key is caught in axle Belt pulley and main shaft are carried out to the keyway through belt pulley circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, key is axially sliding along keyway Move;
Main shaft support mechanism includes:One head rest, a tail bracket, two support bars, three bearings, three end caps, Three axle sleeves;Wherein, two support bars are parallel to each other, and are arranged on main axis parallel above main shaft;Head rest is fixed on The head of support bar, tail bracket are fixed on the afterbody of support bar, and tail bracket is fixed in frame;In the first shaft part, one Axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve is rotated by a bearing in head rest, and the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on head The front end of bracket, the first shaft part are provided with key, key be caught in axially penetrate through axle sleeve keyway axle sleeve and main shaft are carried out it is circumferential spacing, During main shaft axial translation, key is along keyway axial slip;On the head of the 3rd shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, axle sleeve Rotated by a bearing in tail bracket, the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the front end of tail bracket, the 3rd shaft part Head is provided with key, key be caught in axially penetrate through axle sleeve keyway axle sleeve and main shaft are carried out it is circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, Key is along keyway axial slip;In the afterbody of the 3rd shaft part, an axle sleeve is socketed on main shaft, and axle sleeve is by a bearing in tail Rotated in portion's bracket, the end cap being enclosed on main shaft is fixed on the rear end of tail bracket, and the afterbody of the 3rd shaft part is provided with key, key card Enter to axially penetrate through the keyway of axle sleeve and axle sleeve and main shaft are carried out circumferential spacing, during main shaft axial translation, key is axially sliding along keyway Move;The receiving of axial translation drive mechanism is surrounded between the end cap of the 3rd shaft part head and afterbody, tail bracket and main shaft Chamber;Axial translation drive mechanism includes:Axial translation motor, eccentric wheel, jig arm, sliding block, promotion set;Wherein, set is promoted The 3rd shaft part of main shaft is socketed in, with main shaft axial restraint, circumferentially opposed rotation;The upper and lower end face for promoting set is plane, on Transverse plane is provided with the horizontal straight trough perpendicular to main shaft;Clamping promotes the jig arm of the upper and lower end face of set to include:With promoting the upper of set The upper arm of end face fitting, the underarm with promoting the lower surface covered fitting, the linking arm for being connected upper arm and underarm;Upper arm and sliding block phase Connect, underarm connects with eccentric wheel;The axial translation motor that driving eccentric wheel annular rotates is relatively fixed with frame;Sliding block position Slid in horizontal straight trough along horizontal straight trough;Eccentric wheel is translated by jig arm band movable slider, and sliding block is driven by horizontal straight trough Promote set axial translation.
8. according to a kind of automatic aligning method of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine described in claim 7, it is characterised in that:
Comprise the following steps:
(1) polishing wheel is arranged on polishing wheel retaining sleeve, calibrated entirely through polishing wheel calibration equipment;
(2) head rest is removed, fixed cover is fixed by socket on main shaft, fixed ringfeder is fixed by socket on main shaft;
(3) the polishing wheel retaining sleeve equipped with polishing wheel for obtaining step (1) is socketed in outside fixed cover and fixed ringfeder, polishing wheel The end of retaining sleeve is withstood in the extension of fixed cover;
(4) tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder to be locked with lock screw, the connection between tensioner tapered sleeve and fixed ringfeder is closer, Fixed ringfeder is bigger to the pressure of polishing wheel retaining sleeve;After polishing wheel retaining sleeve and fixed cover, expansion sleeve coordinate, polishing wheel Naturally calibration by the main shaft of polishing machine without running calibration;
(5) head rest that installation steps (2) are removed.
CN201510681042.0A 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method CN105234796B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510681042.0A CN105234796B (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510681042.0A CN105234796B (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105234796A CN105234796A (en) 2016-01-13
CN105234796B true CN105234796B (en) 2017-12-12

Family

ID=55032745

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510681042.0A CN105234796B (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 A kind of polishing wheel automatic aligning formula polishing machine and its automatic aligning method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105234796B (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3839624A1 (en) * 1988-11-24 1990-05-31 Schaeffler Waelzlager Kg Method for producing a ring of adjustable diameter and ring produced by this method
CN2569974Y (en) * 2002-09-26 2003-09-03 李广庆 Diamond roller locking apparatus
CN201092005Y (en) * 2007-09-07 2008-07-30 陈永杰 Multifunctional disc-dish polishing machine
CN201685105U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-12-29 重庆川东船舶重工有限责任公司 Centering center rest support
CN103252515A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 新余钢铁集团有限公司 Special fixture for processing outer circle of long-cylinder part
CN203471557U (en) * 2013-08-30 2014-03-12 栾谨泉 Tapered roller centerless grinding machine double-bearing oil wedge-shaped dynamic pressure main shaft assembly
CN203804748U (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-09-03 福建省石狮市华联服装配件企业有限公司 Full-automatic polisher
CN205166635U (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-04-20 广州珠江钢琴集团股份有限公司 Buffing wheel automatic alignment formula burnishing machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3839624A1 (en) * 1988-11-24 1990-05-31 Schaeffler Waelzlager Kg Method for producing a ring of adjustable diameter and ring produced by this method
CN2569974Y (en) * 2002-09-26 2003-09-03 李广庆 Diamond roller locking apparatus
CN201092005Y (en) * 2007-09-07 2008-07-30 陈永杰 Multifunctional disc-dish polishing machine
CN201685105U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-12-29 重庆川东船舶重工有限责任公司 Centering center rest support
CN103252515A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 新余钢铁集团有限公司 Special fixture for processing outer circle of long-cylinder part
CN203471557U (en) * 2013-08-30 2014-03-12 栾谨泉 Tapered roller centerless grinding machine double-bearing oil wedge-shaped dynamic pressure main shaft assembly
CN203804748U (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-09-03 福建省石狮市华联服装配件企业有限公司 Full-automatic polisher
CN205166635U (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-04-20 广州珠江钢琴集团股份有限公司 Buffing wheel automatic alignment formula burnishing machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105234796A (en) 2016-01-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6866423B2 (en) Roller bearing
CN107081696A (en) A kind of air-conditioning production equipment clamping device
CN104907116A (en) Fetching device of test tubes for cell cultivation
CN106006191A (en) Efficient winding device capable of simultaneously winding multiple construction wires
CN203906508U (en) Nut capable of being mounted and demounted quickly
PT1356204E (en) Wind energy unit comprising a hollow shaft for rotor hub and generator
CN106741644B (en) A kind of ice face anchor
CN204035775U (en) Tubular workpiece cutter sweep
CN1281347C (en) Workpiece shaping method and roller
CN106001735B (en) A kind of outer ring cutting robot of steel pipe
US20130333581A1 (en) Pad pringting machine
CN104209690B (en) For the flexible fixture of the vertical assembling of large-size thin-walled cylinder body component
CN204290557U (en) A kind of plastic packaging PG buncher for air conditioning chamber's inner blower
CN205380524U (en) Grinder floats
US2121073A (en) Disk fan
CN204381994U (en) The bar-shaped zero firmware aligning sanding apparatus of automobile mechanical
CN205394744U (en) Machine is got rid of to festival in bamboo
CN206277144U (en) A kind of engine housing positioning fixture
CN207652221U (en) A kind of take-up roll of built-in brushless motor
CN101834493B (en) Double-wheel positioned general assembly machine for rare earth permanent magnet motor
ITMI20120257A1 (en) A rotary electric machine for aerogenerator
CN104611858B (en) A kind of turnable stock dyeing machine of fibre cage
CN105171561B (en) A kind of casting grinding attachment
CN203779271U (en) Multi-station stator cavity aeropulverizer
CN105033314B (en) A kind of drilling machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant