CN105224703A - Consumer management method and system - Google Patents

Consumer management method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105224703A
CN105224703A CN201410293018.5A CN201410293018A CN105224703A CN 105224703 A CN105224703 A CN 105224703A CN 201410293018 A CN201410293018 A CN 201410293018A CN 105224703 A CN105224703 A CN 105224703A
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China
Prior art keywords
consumer
identification device
power consumption
site identification
parameter
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CN201410293018.5A
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CN105224703B (en
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邵岚
李新宏
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CHANGZHOU CHANGGONG DEVIL-BOX Co Ltd
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CHANGZHOU CHANGGONG DEVIL-BOX Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of consumer management method, comprising: 1) learning equipment: use on-site identification device gathers separately the power consumption parameter during work of each consumer; 2) set up consumer storehouse: the power consumption parameter of collection is uploaded to computing machine, modeling analysis, make each consumer of computer recognizing; 3) formation control logic: time division section, and each consumer be divided into permission use class in each time section and/or prohibit the use class; 4) issuing control logic: steering logic be sent in on-site identification device, on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer.The invention solves the process problem of consumer parameter overlap, significantly reduce false recognition rate, and use management and technical management are merged well, have also been obtained good checking in actual use.

Description

Consumer management method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to managing power consumption field, be specifically related to a kind of consumer management method and system.
Background technology
In managing power consumption field, the management of power use is wherein topmost one.Traditional consumer management, only for non-time-varying equipment, and can carry out further Classification Management according to its power and power factor to this kind equipment.According to watt level, be divided into low-power equipment, powerful device etc., can accomplish in some occasion the use limiting powerful device, reach simple administrative purposes.Classify according to power factor, resistive load and non-resistive load can be divided into.Because resistive load (it has been generally acknowledged that its power factor is greater than 0.99) is exactly heat-producing device usually, such as electric furnace etc.Existence may cause the unsafe factors such as burning, sometimes also referred to as bad load.In some occasion, need the use forbidding bad load, therefore, be just necessary to identify this kind of load and analyze.To the intelligent management of consumer, traditional means is computer based complex analyses not, but based on on-site identification equipment, has the requirement that real-time, low cost realizes.These on-site identification equipment adopt singlechip technology or low-end embedded systems to realize usually, and typical equipment is the intelligent electric meter with load management function.
But in daily use, people cannot limit existence supply line mixing electrical equipment, namely multiple equipment with different electric characteristic uses in same supply line simultaneously.At this moment, from the electrical specification parameter that supply line gathers, can not be a certain electric equipment, but belong to the set (mixing electrical equipment) of these consumers.Theoretically, in the face of mixing electrical equipment, by analysis, accurately decompose identify original separately independently consumer be impossible.Its scope of much electric characterisitic parameter just has overlapping part, and its combination just especially cannot limit.
Summary of the invention
For defect of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of consumer management method and system, to the collection of consumer characteristic parameter, record, analysis, modeling etc., and modeling parameters is published in on-site identification equipment, carry out real-time discriminance analysis, again according to predefined monitor model, implement the management to consumer.
The technical scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention adopts is:
A kind of consumer management method, comprising:
1) learning equipment: use on-site identification device gathers separately the power consumption parameter during work of each consumer;
2) set up consumer storehouse: the power consumption parameter of collection is uploaded to computing machine, modeling analysis, make each consumer of computer recognizing;
3) formation control logic: time division section, and each consumer be divided into permission use class in each time section and/or prohibit the use class;
4) issuing control logic: steering logic be sent in on-site identification device, on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer.
Preferably, described steering logic also comprises: supply line's general power upper limit, single consumer power upper limit, bad load limit.
Preferably, step 1) described power consumption parameter comprises: electric current, voltage, active power, reactive power, power factor (PF), harmonic component, phasing degree, dutycycle, peak-to-average force ratio, and the time dependent successive value of each electric physical parameter.
Preferably, step 1) power consumption parameter of described collection consumer, for non-time-varying consumer, gather when power consumption parameter enters steady state (SS) and terminate; For time become consumer, operating equipment or change environment make its work gather end after all state procedures.
Preferably, step 2) described modeling analysis is by the power consumption parameter of collection by dividing between parameter region, different consumer power consumption parameter interval is different, after modeling completes, mark modeling data, makes it to be associated with consumer title, coding, signal picture.
Preferably, step 3) described time division section, at one time in section, between the parameter region of selected consumer, there is not common factor.
Preferably, step 4) described on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer, be specially on-site identification device Real-Time Monitoring supply line parameter, analyze, the controlled consumer list of contrast corresponding to present period, if find to belong to wherein, is then divided into and allows to use class, if wherein, be not then divided into and prohibitted the use class.
A kind of consumer management system, comprising:
On-site identification device, uploads computing machine for gathering consumer power consumption parameter, and the steering logic of receiving computer, classify to consumer, described on-site identification device one end connects electricity consumption supply line, and the other end connects computing machine;
Computing machine, for storing the power consumption parameter of consumer, modeling analysis, identifies each consumer, and formed and issuing control logic, described computing machine connects described on-site identification device.
Compared to prior art, the advantage that the present invention has is: can accomplish the general power limiting load on certain circuit; The power upper limit of single load on certain circuit can be limited; On certain circuit, can plan that in arbitrary period, restriction or permission use certain consumer through study; On certain circuit, can plan in arbitrary period, allow restriction all bad loads except the equipment of indult; Certain on perception current line can identify the service condition of load.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention, above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be understood more easily.Parts in accompanying drawing are just in order to illustrate principle of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings, same or similar technical characteristic or parts will adopt same or similar Reference numeral to represent.
Fig. 1 is the management process schematic diagram of consumer management method embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the administration interface figure of consumer management method of the present invention in actual application.
Embodiment
Further illustrate technical scheme of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.The element described in an accompanying drawing of the present invention or a kind of embodiment and feature can combine with the element shown in one or more other accompanying drawing or embodiment and feature.It should be noted that for purposes of clarity, accompanying drawing and eliminate expression and the description of unrelated to the invention, parts known to persons of ordinary skill in the art and process in illustrating.
Although in the present state-of-the technology, in the face of mixing electrical equipment, accurately decompose by analysis identify original separately independently consumer be almost impossible, but, under normal circumstances, the consumer needing management is known, or it is clear and definite to classify, and in the actual occasion used, its number of devices is limited especially, the particularly quantity of powerful device, after the constraint that with the addition of load aggregate power range, just more may only have 1 or 2 ~ 3.After adding the simple condition bound term relevant with actual use scenes, by collection, the analysis of supply line's parameter, just relatively accurate identification reduction may be carried out to supply line's consumer.
The present invention is based on foregoing invention thinking, provide a kind of consumer management method and system, this consumer management method, comprising:
1) learning equipment: use on-site identification device gathers separately the power consumption parameter during work of each consumer.
On-site identification device should possess collection electricity consumption line parameter circuit value, analog to digital conversion, record and carry out communication with computing machine, realizes the function of data interaction.
Computing machine, on-site identification device and consumer to be learned are connected, guarantees that learning an on-the-spot only consumer is connected on the circuit of on-site identification device collection, does not have other consumers, and is in suitable working environment.
Computing machine sends learn command, on-site identification device enters mode of learning, after this, normal unlatching consumer, at this moment, on-site identification device will gather the power consumption parameter relevant to consumer, and power consumption parameter comprises: electric current, voltage, active power, reactive power, power factor (PF), harmonic component, phasing degree, dutycycle, peak-to-average force ratio, and the time dependent successive value of each electric physical parameter, and report computing machine after these parameters being done digitizing, regularization (denoising).
We have carried out simple division to consumer, equipment and non-time-varying equipment is become when being divided into, equipment is become time so-called, the electrical specification being exactly consumer itself can operate along with self, the change of state and changing to some extent, these changes can be phase step types, the startup of such as air-conditioning also can be continuous gradation, such as, changed power after the additional heat unlatching of certain air-conditioning; And the electrical specification of non-time-varying equipment refer to equipment except unloading phase except electrical specification has instantaneous change, very fast and enter stable state, its all electric characteristic parameter remains unchanged or Slight undulations in very little scope substantially.Gatherer process is different because of consumer, for non-time-varying consumer, gathers and terminate when power consumption parameter enters steady state (SS); For time become consumer, operating equipment or change environment its work is just terminated after all state procedures, to gather complete argument sequence.After learning process completes, computing machine sends end learn command, makes on-site identification device exit mode of learning.
2) set up consumer storehouse: the power consumption parameter of collection is uploaded to computing machine, modeling analysis, make each consumer of computer recognizing.
Because consumer always there are differences, described modeling analysis is by dividing between parameter region by the power consumption parameter of collection, different consumer power consumption parameter interval is different, determination between parameter region by repeatedly comprehensively obtaining with the learning process of money distinct device, also can simply can obtain according to experiment experience.After modeling completes, mark modeling data, makes it to be associated with consumer title, coding, signal picture, and is recorded in computer system data storehouse.
3) formation control logic: time division section, and each consumer be divided into permission use class in each time section and/or prohibit the use class.
In computer system software, according to the demand of management, supvr needs selected supply line resource, to manage the consumer in supply line, at this moment, is just equivalent to have selected the on-site identification device corresponding with supply line.Usually, the limited storage space of on-site identification device, therefore, also just defines the consumer quantity of administration configuration.
Supvr needs the time section dividing management, have in each time section choose from consumer storehouse want controlled consumer, these equipment are divided into two classes, and a class allows to use class, and a class prohibits the use class.At one time in section, between the parameter region of selected consumer, require to there is not common factor, only in this way just can accomplish not identify by mistake, do not control by mistake.
4) issuing control logic: steering logic be sent in on-site identification device, on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer.
By the steering logic formed in computer software, change into the utilizable representation of on-site identification equipment, be issued in each on-site identification device, after this, on-site identification device just can Real-Time Monitoring supply line parameter, analyze, the controlled consumer list of contrast corresponding to present period, if this consumer finds to belong to wherein, then perform corresponding steering logic, be namely divided into and allow to use class, if not wherein, then perform the steering logic of acquiescence, be namely divided into and prohibit the use class.
Preferably, above-mentioned consumer management method, also needs pervasive acquiescence steering logic usually, such as: whether the restriction of supply line's general power upper limit, the single bearing power upper limit, bad load enables, for improving the identification process of on-site identification device.
For realizing a consumer management system for above-mentioned consumer management method, comprising:
On-site identification device, uploads computing machine for gathering consumer power consumption parameter, and the steering logic of receiving computer, classify to consumer, described on-site identification device one end connects electricity consumption supply line, and the other end connects computing machine;
Computing machine, for storing the power consumption parameter of consumer, modeling analysis, identifies each consumer, and formed and issuing control logic, described computing machine connects described on-site identification device.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, in a certain special time section, on-site identification device gathers circuit power consumption parameter, through supply line's general power margin identification and the identification of time variation load characteristic, judge whether to there is time variation consumer, if there is time variation consumer, then contrast time variation consumer storehouse; If there is not time variation consumer, then contrast time-invariance consumer storehouse; Or there is time variation consumer and time-invariance consumer simultaneously, then contrast time variation consumer storehouse and time-invariance consumer storehouse simultaneously.Through contrast, if this power consumption parameter matches with the power consumption parameter of a certain consumer in consumer storehouse in this time section, then the steering logic of this consumer uses for allowing, then send this steering logic to on-site identification device, is classified as and allows to use; Otherwise, if do not mate, then classified as and prohibitted the use.
In step 2) in, after modeling completes, mark modeling data, make it to be associated with consumer title, coding, signal picture, make supply line's consumer can identify reduction relatively accurately, as shown in Figure 2, in section sometime, supvr can learn service condition and the rights of using of current all consumers exactly by title, signal picture etc.
Above embodiment and embodiment are only for further illustrating technical scheme of the present invention; any restriction is not carried out to protection scope of the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art, not by the distortion done under creative work and retouching, all should belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a consumer management method, comprising:
1) learning equipment: use on-site identification device gathers separately the power consumption parameter during work of each consumer;
2) set up consumer storehouse: the power consumption parameter of collection is uploaded to computing machine, modeling analysis, make each consumer of computer recognizing;
3) formation control logic: time division section, and each consumer be divided into permission use class in each time section and/or prohibit the use class;
4) issuing control logic: steering logic be sent in on-site identification device, on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer.
2. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described steering logic also comprises: supply line's general power upper limit, single consumer power upper limit, bad load limit.
3. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step 1) described power consumption parameter comprises: electric current, voltage, active power, reactive power, power factor (PF), harmonic component, phasing degree, dutycycle, peak-to-average force ratio, and the time dependent successive value of each electric physical parameter.
4. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, step 1) power consumption parameter of described collection consumer, for non-time-varying consumer, gather when power consumption parameter enters steady state (SS) and terminate; For time become consumer, operating equipment or change environment make its work gather end after all state procedures.
5. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step 2) described modeling analysis is by dividing between parameter region by the power consumption parameter of collection, different consumer power consumption parameter interval is different, after modeling completes, mark modeling data, makes it to be associated with consumer title, coding, signal picture.
6. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, step 3) described time division section, at one time in section, between the parameter region of selected consumer, there is not common factor.
7. a kind of consumer management method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step 4) described on-site identification device controls the using state of each consumer, be specially on-site identification device Real-Time Monitoring supply line parameter, analyze, the controlled consumer list of contrast corresponding to present period, if find to belong to wherein, then be divided into and allow to use class, if not wherein, be then divided into and prohibit the use class.
8., for realizing the consumer management system of consumer management method described in claim 1-7 any one, comprising:
On-site identification device, uploads computing machine for gathering consumer power consumption parameter, and the steering logic of receiving computer, classify to consumer, described on-site identification device one end connects electricity consumption supply line, and the other end connects computing machine;
Computing machine, for storing the power consumption parameter of consumer, modeling analysis, identifies each consumer, and formed and issuing control logic, described computing machine connects described on-site identification device.
CN201410293018.5A 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Electrical equipment management method and system Active CN105224703B (en)

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CN112711200A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-27 惠州迅云数字信息技术有限公司 Intelligent building management system based on big data

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