CN105223621B - GPR triggering device and method utilizing the collected signal gps - Google Patents

GPR triggering device and method utilizing the collected signal gps Download PDF

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CN105223621B
CN105223621B CN 201510659543 CN201510659543A CN105223621B CN 105223621 B CN105223621 B CN 105223621B CN 201510659543 CN201510659543 CN 201510659543 CN 201510659543 A CN201510659543 A CN 201510659543A CN 105223621 B CN105223621 B CN 105223621B
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gpr
trigger
data
gps
chip
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CN 201510659543
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105223621A (en )
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张锐
何杰
薛陶
高斌
胡明
王海丰
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北京中交桥宇科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,包括触发芯片,所述触发芯片与雷达主机通过导线连接并进行数据传输。 The present invention relates to a GPS signal acquisition trigger means GPR, the chip includes a trigger, the trigger radar chip and host connection and data transmission through a wire. 本发明的利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,定位精度高,且结构简单。 Using GPS signals triggering mechanism of the present invention GPR collected, high positioning accuracy, and a simple structure.

Description

一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置及方法 GPR triggering device and method utilizing a GPS signal acquisition

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及土木工程技术领域,具体涉及一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of civil engineering technology, particularly relates to an apparatus and method of GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]地质雷达是一种利用超高频电磁波探测地下介质分布的雷达,是根据地下介质的电性差异,利用电磁波检测路基密实度分层的一种快速无损检测方法。 [0002] GPR is an ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic wave radar to detect underground distribution medium, based on differences in electrical properties of the subsurface, using an electromagnetic wave detecting subgrade density stratification Rapid NDT methods. 由于其具有良好的检测性能,已被广泛应用于诸多领域。 Because of its good detection performance, it has been widely used in many fields.

[0003]地质雷达在探测过程中定位和数据采集是关键。 [0003] GPR positioning and data acquisition is critical in the detection process. 现有技术中,地质雷达探测过程中主要利用测距轮触发、时间触发或人工键盘触发的方法进行数据采集和位置定位。 In the prior art, the main detection process GPR data acquisition and trigger wheel position location using the ranging, time-triggered or manually triggered by the keyboard method. 而测距轮触发和时间触发为连续采集方式,人工键盘触发为点采集方式,这些方法在使用过程中,都是在特定的良好环境下,可以很好的开展探测工作,确定探测位置和距离标定。 The trigger wheel distance and time for the continuous acquisition trigger mode, the trigger point Artificial keyboard acquisition mode, these methods are in use, are in particular good environment, work well to carry out detection, determines that the detected position and distance calibration. 但是也存在以下缺陷: But there are also the following disadvantages:

[0004] (1)测距轮触发是指在探测过程中依靠测距轮的旋转,使得与旋转轴连接的光学编码器,按照仪器设定的间距触发主机发射脉冲信号,从而按照一定的间距进行连续的发射、接收脉冲信号,进而获取探测信号。 [0004] (1) that are dependent distance trigger wheel rotating wheel distance in the detection process, such that the optical encoder connected to the rotating shaft, a trigger pulse signal according to the pitch of the host device transmitting the set, so that according to a constant pitch continuous transmission, receiving the pulse signal, thereby obtaining a detection signal. 该方法工作过程中,需要测距轮与探测物表面良好接触,有效转动,但如果遇到障碍物或表面不平整等,测距轮不能有效转动,则产生探测位置、距离等误差。 The method of operation, the wheel probe ranging needs good contact surface, effective rotation, if there is an obstacle or other surface irregularities, the ranging can not be effectively wheel is rotated, the position detection is generated, the error distance.

[0005] (2)时间触发是指在探测工作中,由主机设定脉冲信号发射的时间间距,进而按照该时间间距连续发射、接收信号进行探测工作。 [0005] (2) refers to the detection time of the trigger operation, transmitted by the host time signal set pulse spacing, and further according to the continuous transmission time interval, the received signal detection work. 该方法工作过程中,需要地质雷达探测天线匀速运动,实际过程中很难做到,即使进行距离标记,精度也很低。 The method of operation, the probe antenna required GPR uniform motion, the actual process is difficult to achieve, even if the distance marker, the accuracy is low.

[0006] (3)人工键盘触发是指在探测工作中,通过探测仪器以不连续的电测方式进行发射、接收脉冲信号进行探测工作。 [0006] (3) artificial keyboard trigger means in the detection operation, the discontinuous transmit mode by detecting electrical measuring instrument receives the pulse signal probing work. 该方法工作过程中,主要针对距离较短不适宜连续测量的方式,探测位置、距离等精度低。 The method of operation, mainly for continuous measurement accuracy of the distance shorter inappropriate manner, the position of the probe, low distance.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置及方法,装置定位精度高,且结构简单。 [0007] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide an apparatus and method for using a GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR, high-precision positioning apparatus, and a simple structure.

[0008] 本发明解决上述技术问题的技术方案如下:一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,包括触发芯片,触发芯片与雷达主机通过导线连接并进行数据传输; [0008] The present invention solves the above problems of the technical solution as follows: A means using a GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR, the chip includes a trigger, the trigger radar chip host connection and data transmission through wires;

[0009] 触发芯片,用于采集地质雷达的GPS坐标数据变化量,并与预设的GPS坐标数据变化量进行比对,若两者相等,则发送触发信号至雷达主机;若不相等,则不发送触发信号; [0009] Trigger chip, GPS coordinate data for acquiring the change amount of the GPR, and the ratio of a preset data amount of change in GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the host radar; if equal, Do not send a trigger signal;

[0010] 雷达主机,用于根据接收的触发信号触发地质雷达的采集功能,开始采集数据。 [0010] radar host acquisition function according to the received trigger signal georadar, begin collecting data.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果是:通过触发芯片采集地质雷达的GPS坐标变化量,并且与预设的GPS坐标变化量比较,当两者相等时,则触发地质雷达的采集功能。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: change in GPS coordinates acquired by triggering GPR chip, and compared with a preset variation GPS coordinates, when the two are equal, the GPR is triggered acquisition. 这样,避免了传统地质雷达触发装置精度低的缺点,使用时可以随时记录探测的坐标位置,达到精确定位,减小测量误差。 Thus, to avoid the traditional means of low precision GPR disadvantage trigger, can be recorded at any time when the coordinate position of the probe used, to achieve precise positioning, reduce the measurement error.

[0012] 在上述技术方案的基础上,本发明还可以做如下改进。 [0012] Based on the foregoing technical solution, the present invention may be modified as follows.

[0013] 进一步,触发芯片包括单片机以及分别与单片机连接的数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口、数据传输模块和电源模块; [0013] Further, the trigger including microcontrollers and digital chips are connected with the microcontroller, the control port, port data exchange, data transmission module and a power module;

[0014] 控制端口,用于根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0014] The control port, a port for collecting GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change in accordance with the trigger control data exchange;

[0015]数据交换端口,用于将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量传输给单片机; [0015] Data exchange port, the coordinate change amount GPR GPS data collected is transmitted to the microcontroller;

[0016]单片机,用于将米集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则通过数据传输模块发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; [0016] microcontroller for change in the coordinate data of GPR m GPS data set and a preset amount of change compared to GPR GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR via a data transmission module; if the two are not equal, a trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR;

[0017]数码管,用于显示GPS数据坐标变化量; [0017] LED, variation GPS coordinate data for display;

[0018]电源模块,用于为单片机、数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口和数据传输模块供电。 [0018] The power supply module for the microcontroller, digital, control port, the data switch port and the data transmission module power supply. [0019]进一步,还包括封闭结构的外部腔室,触发芯片设置在外部腔室内部,并且位于外部腔室底部的上表面,与外部腔室连接,外部腔室底部下表面与雷达主机连接。 [0019] Further, further comprising an external chamber closed structure, trigger chip is disposed inside the outer chamber, and the upper surface of the bottom of the outer chamber, the outer chamber is connected to the bottom of the outer surface of the chamber is connected to the radar host.

[0020]采用上述进一步方案的有益效果是:由于探测雷达均是在野外进行工作,因此外部腔室能够对触发芯片起到保护作用,并且生产成本低。 [0020] A further embodiment of the above-described beneficial effects: due radars are working in the field, and therefore outside the chamber to be protective triggering chip, and low production cost.

[0021]进一步,触发芯片与外部腔室底部上表面为螺纹连接,外部腔室底部下表面与雷达主机通过魔术贴固定连接。 [0021] Further, on the bottom of the trigger chip and the external surface of the chamber as a threaded connection, the lower surface of the bottom of the outer chamber are connected by Velcro radar host.

[0022]采用上述进一步方案的有益效果是:将触发芯片和外部腔室设置为螺纹连接,当触发芯片出现问题时,可以随时拆卸,方便检查;采用魔术贴使得当需要探测时,可以将外部腔室及触发芯片组成的触发采集装置整体与雷达分离,单独存储,需要探测时,则可以将外部腔室很好地固定在雷达主机上,固定性能好。 [0022] In a further embodiment of the above beneficial effects: the trigger chip and outside of the chamber to a threaded connection, when the trigger chip problems can be disassembled at any time, to facilitate inspection; employed such that when it is desired to detect when Velcro, may be external means to trigger an acquisition triggering chamber and separated from the chips the entire radar is stored separately, when the need to detect, outside the chamber can be well fixed on the radar host, good fixing property.

[0023] 进一步,外部腔室为圆柱体形状。 [0023] Further, the outer chamber is a cylindrical shape.

[0024]采用上述进一步方案的有益效果是:携带方便,外形美观,有利于空间GPS坐标信号的接收。 [0024] A further embodiment of the above-described advantageous effects are: easy to carry, beautiful appearance, facilitate spatial coordinates GPS signal reception.

[0025]进一步,圆柱体直径为l〇cm,高为4cm。 [0025] Further, a cylinder having a diameter of l〇cm a height of 4cm.

[0026]采用上述进一步方案的有益效果是:尺寸合理,小巧美观,既方便固定在雷达主机上又能满足内部触发芯片的空间要求。 [0026] A further embodiment of the above-described beneficial effects: reasonably sized, compact appearance, convenient host fixed on the radar chip can meet the requirements of the internal space of the trigger.

[0027]进一步,外部腔室侧壁上还设置有与地质雷达相匹配的数据接口,触发芯片与雷达主机连接的导线穿过数据接口,且可拆卸。 [0027] Further, on the outer side wall of the chamber is also provided with a GPR data match, trigger the radar chip and connected to the wires through the host data interface, and detachable.

[0028]采用上述进一步方案的有益效果是:将触发芯片与雷达主机连接的导线设置为可拆卸,使得在需要探测时通过导线将触发芯片和雷达主机连接起来,不需要探测时则可以将导线拆卸,将触发芯片和地质雷达分离并分别存储,结构简单,使用方便;数据接口能够将导线固定在外部腔室的外壳上,从而保证数据传输的有效性。 [0028] A further embodiment of the above-described beneficial effects: a wire that will trigger the radar chip is detachably connected to the host, such that the connection wires need to detect when to trigger the radar chip and the host computer together, it is not necessary to detect the wire can be disassembling the chip and separating the trigger GPR and store, simple structure, easy to use; wire data interface can be fixed to the housing outside of the chamber, so as to ensure the validity of data transmission.

[0029]进一步,外部腔室底部上表面上还设置有电源卡槽,电源卡槽通过导线与触发芯片连接并利用其中放置的电池为触发芯片供电。 [0029] Further, provided on the bottom surface of the upper chamber having an external power supply slot, slot power through a wire connected to the trigger chip placed therein and using as a trigger a battery to power the chip.

[0030] —种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的方法,包括以下步骤: [0030] - GPS signal types using GPR trigger acquisition method, comprising the steps of:

[0031 ] S1,触发芯片采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0031] S1, triggers the acquisition chip GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change;

[0032] S2,触发芯片将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; [0032] S2, the coordinate data of the amount of change GPR GPS chip acquisition and trigger a preset data amount of change compared to GPR GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR; if they are not equal, a trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR;

[0033]幻,地质雷达根据触发信号触发采集功能开始采集数据。 [0033] phantom, GPR begin collecting data acquisition function according to the trigger signal.

[0034] 进一步,步骤S1之前还包括: [0034] Further, prior to the step S1 further comprises:

[0035] 控制端口根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0035] The control port collection port GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change in accordance with the trigger control data exchange;

[0036] 步骤S1为数据交换端口根据触发脉冲采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0036] Step S1 is a collection of data exchange port GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change to the trigger pulse;

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0037] 图1为本发明一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置与雷达主机的连接关系不意图; [0037] FIG. 1 of the present invention utilizing a GPS signal to trigger a connection relationship acquisition means GPR radar is not intended host;

[0038]图2为本发明一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置的透视图; [0038] FIG. 2 of the present invention utilizing a GPS signal to trigger a perspective view of the device GPR collected;

[0039]图3为本发明中触发芯片的电路连接示意图; [0039] FIG. 3 of the present invention in a schematic view of a circuit chip is connected to the trigger;

[0040]图4为本发明触发芯片的内部电路图; [0040] FIG. 4 Triggering an internal circuit diagram of the chip of the present invention;

[0041]图5为本发明一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的方法的流程示意图。 [0041] FIG. 5 utilizing a GPS signal acquisition method GPR trigger a schematic flow diagram of the present invention.

[0042]附图中,各标号所代表的部件列表如下: [0042] In the drawings, a list of members of each numeral represent the following:

[0043^ 1、触发芯片,2、雷达主机,3、外部腔室,4、电源卡槽,5、数据接口。 [0043 ^ 1, trigger chip, 2, radar host, 3, outer chamber, 4, the power supply slot 5, the data interface.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0044]以下结合附图对本发明的原理和特征进行描述,所举实例只用于解释本发明,并非用于限定本发明的范围。 [0044] The following drawings in conjunction with the principles and features of this invention will be described, The examples are only for explaining the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

[0045]如图1和图2所示,一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,包括触发芯片1和封闭结构的外部腔室3,触发芯片2设置在外部腔室3内部,并且位于外部腔室3底部的上表面,与外部腔室3连接,外部腔室3底部下表面与雷达主机2连接;触发芯片1与雷达主机2通过导线连接并进行数据传输,与雷达主机2连接的导线端可拆卸;触发芯片与外部腔室3底部上表面为螺纹连接。 [0045] FIGS. 1 and 2, utilizing a GPS signal acquisition trigger means georadar, inside the outer chamber 3 includes a trigger chip 1 and the outer chamber 3 of the closed structure, the trigger 2 chip set, and is located upper surface of the bottom of the outer chamber 3, 3 is connected to the outer chamber, the surface 2 is connected to radar hosts the base 3 outside the chamber; trigger chip 12 is connected and the data transmission and radar host computer by a wire, 2 is connected to radar host removable wire end; bottom trigger chip and the external surface of the chamber 3 is a threaded connection.

[0046]外部腔室3为圆柱体形状,可以由塑料制成,圆柱体直径为10cm,高为4cm。 [0046] The outer chamber 3 is the shape of a cylinder, may be made of plastic, the cylinder having a diameter of 10cm, a height of 4cm.

[0047]外部腔室3底部下表面与雷达主机2通过魔术贴固定连接。 [0047] 3 at the bottom surface of the outer chamber 2 is connected to the host via radar Velcro.

[0048]外部腔室3侧壁上还设置有与地质雷达相匹配的数据接口5。 [0048] 3 is also provided on the sidewall of the outer chamber having GPR 5 matches the data interface.

[0049]外部腔室3底部上表面上还设置有电源卡槽4,电源卡槽4通过导线与触发芯片1连接并利用其中放置的电池为触发芯片1供电。 [0049] The outer chamber on the upper surface of the bottom 3 is also provided with a power slot 4, slot 4 is connected to the power supply using a battery as a trigger which is placed the chip via a wire feeding trigger chip 1.

[0050]由于地质雷达一般都是在野外进行工作,因此,外部腔室3能够对触发芯片起到保护的作用,外部腔室3为塑料外壳,在制作时根据地质雷达的型号预留与地质雷达的型号匹配的数据接口5,使用时,将外部腔室3通过魔术贴粘贴在地质雷达天线上,使其与地质雷达同步移动,这样,触发芯片就可以记录地质雷达运行过程中轨迹的坐标数据变化量,触发芯片1将记录的地质雷达的轨迹坐标数据变化量与预设的地质雷达轨迹坐标数据变化量进行对比,当两者相等时,则发送触发信号给雷达主机,雷达主机接收到触发信号后,触发地质雷达的采集功能并开始采集数据;当两者不相等时,则不发送触发信号给雷达主机,不进行采集数据。 [0050] Since the GPR usually work in the field, therefore, outside the chamber 3 can function as a trigger protection chip, a plastic outer housing chamber 3, in the production according to the GPR and geological models reserved models matched radar data interface 5, in use, through the outer chamber 3 is attached to the Velcro GPR antenna, so moved in synchronization with the radar, so that the trigger may be recorded during chip operation GPR trajectory coordinates change amount data, a trigger chip trajectory georadar recording coordinate data amount of change compared with a preset data amount of change in trajectory coordinates GPR, when the two are equal, then the radar transmit trigger signal to the host, the host receives the radar after the trigger signal, trigger georadar acquisition function and start collecting data; when the two are not equal, no radar transmit trigger signal to the host, not for data collection. 当不需要探测时,可以将整个的采集装置拆卸下来进行单独保存,使用便捷。 When not probing, the entire collection device may be stored separately detached, and easy to use. 电源卡槽4当中可以放置相应的电池为触发芯片供电。 Power slot 4 which may be placed as a trigger corresponding battery to power the chip.

[0051] 其中,如图3所示,触发芯片1包括单片机以及分别与单片机连接的数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口、数据传输模块和电源模块; [0051] wherein, as shown in FIG. 3, the chip 1 comprises a trigger and a digital microcontroller and microcontroller are connected to the control port, port data exchange, data transmission module and a power module;

[0052] 控制端口,用于根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0052] The control port, a port for collecting GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change in accordance with the trigger control data exchange;

[0053] 数据交换端口,用于将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量传输给单片机; [0053] Data exchange port, the coordinate change amount GPR GPS data collected is transmitted to the microcontroller;

[0054] 单片机,用于将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则通过数据传输模块发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; [0054] SCM, the coordinate data for the amount of change GPR collected GPS data and a preset amount of change compared to GPR GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR via a data transmission module; if two does not equal, the trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR;

[0055] 数码管,用于显示GPS数据坐标变化量; [0055] LED, variation GPS coordinate data for display;

[0056] 电源模块,用于为上述单片机、数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口和数据传输模块供电。 [0056] The power supply module for the above-described microcontroller, digital, control port, the data switch port and the data transmission module power supply.

[0057] 如图4所示,触发芯片1采用PIC16F877A型号的单片机作为核心数据采集运算控制处理器,单片机的管脚1分别与电阻R1和电阻R3的一端连接,电阻R3的另一端与+5V电源连接,电阻R1的另一端与开关S1连接,开关S1还接地; The other end of the [0057] As shown, the trigger 14 using PIC16F877A chip microcontroller as the model operation control data acquisition processor core, a microcontroller pins are connected to one end of the resistor R1 and the resistor R3, and the resistor R3 + 5V power supply connection, the other end of the resistor R1 is connected to the switch S1, the switch S1 is also grounded;

[0058] 单片机的管脚2、管脚3、管脚4和管脚5分别与数码管的管脚S3、管脚S2、管脚S1和管脚S0连接;并且单片机的管脚40、管脚39、管脚38、管脚37、管脚36、管脚35、管脚34和管脚33分别与数码管的管脚a、管脚f、管脚b、管脚e、管脚d、管脚dp、管脚c、管脚g连接; Pin [0058] The microcontroller 2, pin 3, pin 4 and pin 5, respectively, the pin S2, S1 pin and pin S0 is connected to pin S3 of the digital control; MCU pins 40 and the tube pin 39, pin 38, pin 37, pin 36, pin 35, pin 34 and pin 33, respectively, and a digital control pin, pin F, pin B, E pin, pin d , DP pin, pin C, g-pin connector;

[0059]单片机的管脚11与+5V电源连接,单片机的管脚12接地; Pin [0059] Microcontroller 11 is connected to the + 5V power supply, ground pin 12 of the microcontroller;

[0060]单片机的管脚13和管脚14与晶体振荡器连接,具体为分别与电容C8和电容C7连接,电容C8输出端和电容C7的输出端均接地,电容C8的输入端和电容C7的输入端之间连接有晶振; [0060] MCU pins 13 and pin 14 is connected to the crystal oscillator, in particular are connected to the capacitor C8 and capacitor C7, the capacitor C8 and the output terminal of the output terminal are grounded capacitor C7, the capacitor C8 and the input terminal of capacitor C7 crystal is connected between the input terminal;

[0061] 单片机的管脚15和管脚16分别与控制端口和数据端口的DQ管脚连接;控制端口和数据端口的GND管脚均接地,控制端口和数据端口的VCC管脚均接+5V电源; [0061] The microcontroller pin 15 and pin 16 are connected to the DQ pins of the control and data ports; control and data ports GND pins are grounded, the control and data ports are connected to + 5V VCC pin power supply;

[0062]单片机的管脚32与+5V电源连接,单片机的管脚31分为两个支路,其中一个支路接地,另外一个支路与电容C3连接,电容C3还与+5V电源连接; Pin [0062] Microcontroller 32 is connected to the + 5V power supply, pin microcontroller 31 is divided into two branches, one branch of which is grounded, the other branch is connected to the capacitor C3, the capacitor C3 is also connected to the + 5V power supply;

[0063]单片机的管脚25和管脚26分别与数据传输模块的管脚2和管脚1连接,数据传输模块的管脚3和管脚4同时与振荡电路连接,振荡电路包括电感L2,电感L2与电容C1和电解电容C4组成的并联回路串联,且电感L2与+5V电源连接,电容C1和电解电容C4组成的回路接地,数据传输模块的管脚3和管脚4分别与电容C1的正极端和负极端连接。 [0063] The microcontroller pin 25 and pin 26 respectively with the data transmission module connected to pins 2 and 1, the data transmission module pin 3 and pin 4 are simultaneously connected to the oscillation circuit, an oscillation circuit comprising an inductor L2, inductor L2 and the capacitor C1 and the electrolytic capacitor C4 form a parallel circuit in series, and the inductor L2 is connected to the + 5V power supply, the capacitor C1 and the electrolytic capacitor C4 form a ground circuit, a data transmission module pin 3 and pin 4, respectively, and a capacitor C1 the positive and negative terminals are connected.

[0064]所有的+5V电源均与电源模块连接,电源模块由电源卡槽中的电池供电。 [0064] All of the + 5V power are connected to the power supply module is a battery power supply from the card slot.

[0065] 如图5所示,一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的方法,包括以下步骤: [0065] FIG, utilizing a GPS signal acquisition method GPR trigger 5, comprising the steps of:

[0066]控制端口根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; [0067]数据交换端口根据触发脉冲采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量;触发脉冲为雷达天线发出; [0066] The control port collection port GPR GPS coordinate data amount of change in accordance with the trigger control data exchange; [0067] trigger the acquisition of data exchange port GPR GPS coordinate data according to the amount of change; asserted trigger pulse radar antenna;

[0068]单片机将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; [0068] The amount of change in coordinate data of GPR SCM collected GPS data and a preset amount of change compared to GPR GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR; if they are not equal, no transmission a trigger signal to ground penetrating radar;

[0069]地质雷达根据触发信号触发采集功能开始采集数据。 [0069] The GPR begin collecting data trigger signal acquisition.

[0070] 例如:假设地质雷达在上一个脉冲时刻的GPS坐标数据值为(XiJhZi),和当前脉冲时刻的GPS坐标数据值为,yz,z2),则采集的GPS坐标数据变化量为(X2—xi,y2_yi,Z2-zi),预设的GPS坐标数据变化量为(A x,A y,A z),分别判断A x,A y,A z是否与X2-X1,y2-yi,z2-zi相等,所二个坐标轴上的变化里均相等,则触发米集功能开始采集数据若不相等, 则不触发采集功能,从而达到定位精度高的目的。 [0070] For example: Suppose GPS coordinate data amount of change in the GPR GPS coordinate data on a pulse time value (XiJhZi), and the coordinate data value of the pulse current GPS time, yz, z2), then was collected (X2 -xi, y2_yi, Z2-zi), a predetermined amount of change GPS coordinate data of (a x, a y, a z), respectively, is determined a x, a y, a z whether the X2-X1, y2-yi, z2-zi equal, changes in the two coordinate axes are equal, then the trigger current meter functions begin collecting data if not equal, the capture function is not triggered, so as to achieve the purpose of high positioning accuracy. 、 ' '

[0071]以上仅为本发明的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0071] The above embodiment is merely the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, the, equivalent replacement, or improvement, should be included in the present invention. within the scope of protection.

Claims (9)

  1. 1.一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,包括触发芯片⑴,所述触发芯片(1)与雷达主机(2)通过导线连接并进行数据传输; 所述触发芯片(1),用于采集地质雷达的GPS坐标数据变化量,并与预设的GPS坐标数据变化量进行比对,若两者相等,则发送触发信号至雷达主机;若不相等,则不发送触发信号; ^ '所述雷达主机(2),用于根据接收的触发信号触发地质雷达的采集功能,开始采集数据。 An apparatus utilizing the GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR, wherein the chip includes a trigger ⑴, the trigger chip (1) and the radar unit (2) and is connected via data transmission conductors; said trigger chip (1 ), the coordinate change amount data acquired GPS GPR, and the ratio of a preset data amount of change in GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the host radar; if equal, the trigger signal is not sent ; ^ 'of the radar unit (2), the acquisition function according to the received trigger signal georadar, begin collecting data. ° 2.根据权利要求1所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述触发芯片(1)包括单片机以及分别与单片机连接的数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口、数据传输模块和电源t吴块; 所述控制端口,用于根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化所述数据交换端口,用于将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量传输给单片机; 所述单片机,用于将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则通过数据传输模块发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; 所述数码管,用于显示GPS数据坐标变化量; 所述电源模块,用于为所述单片机、数码管、控制端口、数据交换端口和数据传输模块供电。 ° 2. The method of claim 1 utilizing GPS signal acquisition means GPR trigger, wherein said trigger chip (1) comprises a microcontroller and a digital microcontroller, respectively connected to the control port, the data exchange port, data transmission module and the power supply block Wu t; said control port, a port for exchanging data acquisition GPR GPS coordinate data of the exchange port changes in accordance with the trigger control data, the coordinate data for the change amount of the collected GPS GPR transmitted to microcontroller; of the microcontroller, the amount of change in coordinate data of GPR for GPS acquisition data and a preset amount of change compared to GPR GPS coordinates, if they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR via a data transmission module; if the two are not equal, a trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR; the digital control, the amount of change GPS coordinate data for display; the power module, for said microcontroller, digital, control port, and data exchange port data transmission module power supply.
  2. 3. 根据权利要求1所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达米集的装置,其特征在于,还包括封闭的外部腔室(3),所述触发芯片⑴设置在所述外部腔室(3)内部,并且位于所述外部腔室(3)底部的上表面,与所述外部腔室⑶连接,所述外部腔室⑶底部下表面与雷达主机⑵连接。 The apparatus using a GPS signal triggers the geological Lei Dami set forth in claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising a sealed outer chamber (3), the trigger ⑴ chip disposed in the outer chamber (3 ) inside said outer chamber and located on the surface (3) at the bottom, connected to the external ⑶ chamber, the outer chamber is connected to the surface ⑶ ⑵ host at the bottom of the radar.
  3. 4. 根据权利要求3所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述触发芯片(1)与外部腔室(3)底部上表面为螺纹连接,所述外部腔室(3)底部下表面与雷达主机(2)通过魔术贴固定连接。 4. The method of claim 3 utilizing GPS signal acquisition means GPR trigger, wherein said trigger chip (1) and the outer chamber (3) is screwed on the bottom surface of the outer chamber surface connected to the radar unit (2) by Velcro (3) bottom.
  4. 5. 根据权利要求3所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述外部腔室(3)为圆柱体形状。 5. The method of claim 3 utilizing GPS signal acquisition means GPR trigger, wherein said outer chamber (3) is a cylindrical shape.
  5. 6. 根据权利要求5所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述外部腔室⑶直径为l〇cm,高为4cm。 5 according to the GPS signal utilizing means GPR acquisition trigger, wherein said outer chamber ⑶ l〇cm diameter, 4cm height claims.
  6. 7. 根据权利要求3所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述外部腔室(3)侧壁上还设置有与所述地质雷达相匹配的数据接口(5),所述触发芯片(1)与雷达主机⑵连接的导线穿过所述数据接口(5),且可拆卸。 7. The method of claim 3 utilizing GPS signal acquisition means GPR trigger, wherein said outer chamber (3) is also provided with the GPR data interface matches (on the side wall 5 ), the trigger chip (1) is connected to the host ⑵ radar data interface through which conductors (5), and detachable.
  7. 8. 根据权利要求3所述一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的装置,其特征在于,所述外部腔室(3)底部上表面上还设置有电源卡槽(4),所述电源卡槽(4)通过导线与触发芯片⑴连接,并利用其中放置的电池为所述触发芯片⑴供电。 8. The method of claim 3 utilizing GPS signal acquisition means GPR trigger, wherein said outer chamber (3) is also provided (4), the power supply card slot on the bottom surface groove (4) is connected by wires to the chip triggering ⑴, and the cell was placed therein using the trigger ⑴ power chip.
  8. 9. 一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: S1,触发芯片采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; S2,触发芯片将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达; S3,地质雷达根据触发信号触发采集功能开始采集数据。 A method of using a GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR, characterized by comprising the steps of: S1, triggers chip GPR change amount acquisition GPS coordinate data; coordinate change amount GPR GPS data S2, the acquisition and trigger chip compared to the preset data amount of change in coordinate GPR GPS, if both are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR; if they are not equal, a trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR; S3, GPR trigger acquisition according to the trigger signal function begin collecting data. _ _
  9. 10.根据权利要求9所述的一种利用GPS信号触发地质雷达采集的方法,其特征在于,所述步骤S1之前还包括: 控制端口根据触发脉冲控制数据交换端口采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; 所述步骤S1为数据交换端口根据触发脉冲采集地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量; 所述步骤S2为单片机将采集的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量和预设的地质雷达GPS坐标数据变化量相比,若两者相等,则通过数据传输模块发送触发信号至地质雷达;若两者不相等,则不发送触发信号至地质雷达。 According to claim 9 utilizing the method of GPS signal acquisition trigger GPR, characterized in that, prior to said step S1 further comprising: a control port switch port GPR GPS coordinate data acquired change amount data in accordance with the trigger control ; step S1, the coordinate data exchange port GPR GPS data amount of change in accordance with the trigger acquisition; GPR coordinate data amount of change of the step S2 GPS microcontroller collected data and a preset amount of change compared to GPS coordinates GPR If they are equal, a trigger signal is sent to the GPR via a data transmission module; if they are not equal, a trigger signal is not transmitted to the GPR.
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