CN105215854A - A kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device - Google Patents

A kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105215854A
CN105215854A CN201510671390.XA CN201510671390A CN105215854A CN 105215854 A CN105215854 A CN 105215854A CN 201510671390 A CN201510671390 A CN 201510671390A CN 105215854 A CN105215854 A CN 105215854A
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China
Prior art keywords
abrasive
mixed
water jet
extinguishing
water
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CN201510671390.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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杨晓峰
刘全
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杨晓峰
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Priority to CN201510671390.XA priority Critical patent/CN105215854A/en
Publication of CN105215854A publication Critical patent/CN105215854A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device, comprise abrasive mixed locking device, water jet generating means and trailer etc.Described abrasive mixed locking device comprises self-priming abrasive barrel, abrasive material hybrid chamber, ultrasonic oscillator and shower nozzle etc.The high-pressure water jet that water jet generating means produces is transported to the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device, abrasive material enters abrasive mixed and closes chamber after mixing high-pressure water jet by self-priming abrasive barrel, under the effect of ultrasonic oscillator, abrasive material carries out orcible entry work through shower nozzle injection after fully mixing with water jet.Compare existing front mixing and rear mixing abrasive mixed method, it is simple that this abrasive material mixed method has structure, the advantage that abrasive material supply is even and water jet is high to abrasive material energy transfer efficiency.Described abrasive mixed locking device and water jet generating means can be placed on described trailer simultaneously, conveniently move it, enhance the adaptability of this device to various complex environment.

Description

A kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to abradant jet technical field, in particular to a kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device.
Background technology
From American Bobo application at the beginning of the sixties in 19th century abradant jet makes hole and significantly improves drilling efficiency, abradant jet is just subject to most attention gradually.Current, abradant jet is divided into rear mixing abrasive water jet and front mixing abrasive water jet according to its hybrid mode.Front mixing abrasive jet stream is also in the research and development stage, just progressively moves towards in application; Rear mixing abrasive water jet is being widely applied in the operations such as cleaning, rust cleaning, cutting and fractured rock.Although rear mixing abrasive water jet uses general, but there is the too short problem of abrasive material and water jet incorporation time and path in it, cause abrasive material can not turbulent fluctuation fully to mix with swiftly flowing water jet, which significantly reduces the energy transfer efficiency of aqueous medium to abrasive material and the energy of abradant jet.Although front mixing abrasive jet stream can improve the energy transfer efficiency of aqueous medium to abrasive material simultaneously, may there is abrasive material supply inequality and the flimsy problem of shower nozzle in it.
On the other hand, fire, the attack of terrorism, earthquake in recent years etc. threaten the sudden accidents and disasters of public safety to take place frequently in the world.The generation of usual this kind of disaster all can cause the destruction of building, and the personnel that have in the part overhead space of building after disruption survive.In the process of orcible entry building ruins rescue survivor, the main equipments such as excavator cannot meet basic demand quick and safe flexibly, and for the traditional specialty instrument that cuts mixed earth as rig, percussion drill etc. cannot the effective metal materials such as cutting steel plate, reinforcing bar.In addition, the strong impulsive force that traditional break-in tool produces may make unstable building cave in further, causes larger destruction and casualties.Therefore develop light, to possess the technical equipment that construction material comprehensively tears down ability significant for raising Post disaster relief efficiency.
Summary of the invention
For solving the technical problem existing for prior art, the invention provides a kind of abrasive material mixed method, and based on the quick dismantling extinguishing device of the method.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device, comprise abrasive mixed locking device, water jet generating means and trailer etc.Described abrasive mixed locking device comprises self-priming abrasive barrel, abrasive material hybrid chamber, ultrasonic oscillator and shower nozzle etc.Water jet generating means produces high-pressure water jet and is transported to the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device, abrasive material enters abrasive mixed and closes chamber after mixing high-pressure water jet by self-priming abrasive barrel, under the effect of ultrasonic oscillator, abrasive material to penetrate through shower nozzle after mixing with the abundant turbulent fluctuation of water jet and carries out orcible entry work.Simultaneously described abrasive mixed locking device and water jet generating means can be placed on described trailer, facilitate and move it, strengthen its adaptability to various complex environment.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1. this abrasive material mixed method drastically increases the energy transfer efficiency of water jet to abrasive material.The flow regime of abrasive material can be destroyed by the ultrasonic oscillator proposed in this method, and then abrasive material is mixed with the sufficient turbulent fluctuation of swiftly flowing water jet, improve the amount transmission efficiency of aqueous medium to abrasive material and the energy of abradant jet significantly.
2. this abrasive material mixed method can ensure abrasive material supply continuous uniform.This mixed method is by self-priming abrasive barrel supply abrasive material, abrasive material bleeds in receiving hopper by deadweight in barrel, because receiving hopper is provided with air inlet, large quantity of air can be sucked when water jet sprays, abrasive material enters spiral abrasive material mixing tube through high-pressure water pipe under the conveying of suck.The quantity delivered of this feeding system is only relevant with abrasive material physical property with abrasive barrel structure, and with abrasive material in hopper number irrelevant, therefore it can the supply abrasive material of continuous uniform.
3. this forcible entry device has the advantage of Simple portable and long service life.Described abrasive mixed locking device and water jet generating means can be placed on described trailer, convenient move carrying to it, strengthen its adaptability to various complex environment.Described abrasive material hybrid chamber and the fragile equipment such as ultrasonic oscillator and shower nozzle are detachable and interchangeable simultaneously, and this is conducive to the service life of improving device entirety.
4. this device can use as extinguishing device simultaneously.Described abrasive material can be changed to extinguishing chemical, and replacing shower nozzle can be changed into extinguishing device and carry out fire-fighting work simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is abrasive mixed locking device structural representation of the present invention.
In figure: 1 is abrasive mixed locking device, and 2 is shower nozzles, 3 is self-priming abrasive barrels, and 3-1 is barrel, 3-2 is receiving hopper, and 3-3 is air inlet, and 3-4 is flow control valve, and 4 is abrasive material hybrid chambers, 5 is ultrasonic oscillators, and 6 is handrail handles, and 7 is drag hand handle, 8 is water jet generating means, and 9 is supply units, and 10 is water pumps, 11 is filters, and 12 is high-pressure hoses, and 13 is bailing pipes, 14 is trailers, and 15 is stand-by power supplies, and 16 is storage tanks.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
See accompanying drawing 1-2, a kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device, comprise abrasive mixed locking device (1), water jet generating means (8) and trailer (14).Described abrasive mixed locking device (1) by shower nozzle (2), self-priming abrasive barrel (3), abrasive material hybrid chamber (4), the compositions such as ultrasonic oscillator (5).Ultrasonic oscillator (5) is cemented on abrasive material hybrid chamber (4) outer wall, and abrasive material hybrid chamber (4) and ultrasonic oscillator (5) are detachable and interchangeable.High-pressure water pipe is provided with handrail handle (6) and drags hand (7), be user-friendly for operation.Self-priming abrasive barrel (3) comprises barrel (3-1) and receiving hopper (3-2); Barrel (3-1) and receiving hopper (3-2) consolidation.Receiving hopper (3-2) is provided with air inlet (3-3) and flow control valve (3-4); Receiving hopper (3-2) lower end is connected with high-pressure water pipe.Abrasive material bleeds by deadweight in receiving hopper (3-2) in barrel (3-1), because receiving hopper (3-2) is provided with air inlet (3-3), large quantity of air can be sucked when water jet sprays, abrasive material enters abrasive material hybrid chamber (4) through high-pressure water pipe under the conveying of suck.Water jet generating means (8) comprises supply unit (9), water pump (10), filter (11), high-pressure hose (12), bailing pipe (13), stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16) etc.; The water side of described high-pressure hose (12) one end water pump (10), the other end is connected with the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device (1).Described water jet generating means (1) is provided with stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16), when the short of electricity of external environment condition lack of water, stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16) can provide water source and power supply for this device, significantly improve the adaptability of this device to extreme environments such as short of electricity lacks of water
The concrete course of work of this orcible entry extinguishing device is as follows: supply unit (9) or stand-by power supply (15) feed pump (10) power supply make its work, water pump (10) by storage tank (16) or after filtration device (11) filter after external water source pressurize, and the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device (1) is transported to by high-pressure hose (12), abrasive material enters abrasive mixed and closes chamber (4) after mixing high-pressure water jet by self-priming abrasive barrel (3), under the effect of ultrasonic oscillator (5), abrasive material to penetrate through shower nozzle (2) after mixing with the abundant turbulent fluctuation of water jet and carries out orcible entry work.In concrete enforcement, described abrasive material is 60-80 object garnet.Simultaneously described abrasive material can change the outfit into extinguishing chemical, and changes shower nozzle (2) and namely can change this forcible entry device into extinguishing device and carry out fire-fighting work.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not in order to limit the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements should be included within protection of the present invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and coordinate.

Claims (6)

1. abrasive material mixed method and an orcible entry extinguishing device, comprise abrasive mixed locking device (1), water jet generating means (8) and trailer (14); It is characterized in that described abrasive mixed locking device (1) is by shower nozzle (2), self-priming abrasive barrel (3), abrasive material hybrid chamber (4), the compositions such as ultrasonic oscillator (5); Water jet generating means (8) produces high-pressure water jet and is transported to the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device (1), abrasive material enters abrasive mixed and closes chamber (4) after mixing high-pressure water jet by self-priming abrasive barrel (3), under the effect of ultrasonic oscillator (5), abrasive material to penetrate through shower nozzle (2) after mixing with the abundant turbulent fluctuation of water jet and carries out orcible entry work; Described ultrasonic oscillator (5) is cemented on abrasive material hybrid chamber (4) outer wall, and described shower nozzle (2), abrasive material hybrid chamber (4) and ultrasonic oscillator (5) they are detachable and interchangeable.
2. according to a kind of abrasive material mixed method described in claim 1 and orcible entry extinguishing device, it is characterized in that described water jet generating means (8) comprises supply unit (9), water pump (10), filter (11), high-pressure hose (12), bailing pipe (13), stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16) etc.; The water side of described high-pressure hose (12) one end water pump (10), the other end is connected with the water inlet end of abrasive mixed locking device (1).
3. according to a kind of abrasive material mixed method described in claim 1 and orcible entry extinguishing device, it is characterized in that described self-priming abrasive barrel (3) comprises barrel (3-1) and receiving hopper (3-2), barrel (3-1) and receiving hopper (3-2) consolidation; Described receiving hopper (3-2) is provided with air inlet (3-3) and flow control valve (3-4); Receiving hopper (3-2) lower end is connected with high-pressure water pipe.
4. according to a kind of abrasive material mixed method described in claim 1 and orcible entry extinguishing device, it is characterized in that described abrasive mixed locking device (1) being provided with handrail handle (6) and dragging hand (7), person easy to use operates this device.
5. according to a kind of abrasive material mixed method described in claim 1 and orcible entry extinguishing device, it is characterized in that described water jet generating means (8) is provided with stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16), stand-by power supply (15) and storage tank (16) to be powered water supply to device in short of electricity lack of water situation, can significantly improve the adaptability of this device to extreme environment.
6., according to a kind of abrasive material mixed method described in claim 1 and orcible entry extinguishing device, it is characterized in that described abrasive material is 60-80 object garnet.
CN201510671390.XA 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 A kind of abrasive material mixed method and orcible entry extinguishing device Pending CN105215854A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105751085A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 武汉大学苏州研究院 Method and device for regulating abrasive jet
CN107052465A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-18 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of Water Cutting relief car cutting equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004082038A (en) * 2002-08-28 2004-03-18 Seiko Epson Corp Supersonic washing method, supersonic washing equipment and method of manufacturing nozzle part of supersonic washing nozzle
JP4279008B2 (en) * 2003-02-27 2009-06-17 大日本スクリーン製造株式会社 Substrate processing apparatus and substrate processing method
CN101537600A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-23 中国矿业大学(北京) Mine abrasive water jet cutting method and device
CN202318016U (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-07-11 西南科技大学 Double-side feed type high-pressure abrasive water jet polishing device
CN103100984A (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-05-15 重庆大学 Abrasive automatic feeding device and using method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004082038A (en) * 2002-08-28 2004-03-18 Seiko Epson Corp Supersonic washing method, supersonic washing equipment and method of manufacturing nozzle part of supersonic washing nozzle
JP4279008B2 (en) * 2003-02-27 2009-06-17 大日本スクリーン製造株式会社 Substrate processing apparatus and substrate processing method
CN101537600A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-23 中国矿业大学(北京) Mine abrasive water jet cutting method and device
CN202318016U (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-07-11 西南科技大学 Double-side feed type high-pressure abrasive water jet polishing device
CN103100984A (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-05-15 重庆大学 Abrasive automatic feeding device and using method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105751085A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 武汉大学苏州研究院 Method and device for regulating abrasive jet
CN107052465A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-18 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of Water Cutting relief car cutting equipment
CN107052465B (en) * 2017-06-01 2019-04-26 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of automobile-used cutting equipment of Water Cutting rescue

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