CN105210815A - Automatic irrigation system for greenhouse based on agricultural internet of things - Google Patents

Automatic irrigation system for greenhouse based on agricultural internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105210815A
CN105210815A CN 201510663147 CN201510663147A CN105210815A CN 105210815 A CN105210815 A CN 105210815A CN 201510663147 CN201510663147 CN 201510663147 CN 201510663147 A CN201510663147 A CN 201510663147A CN 105210815 A CN105210815 A CN 105210815A
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Prior art keywords
motor
things
system
automatic irrigation
solenoid valve
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CN 201510663147
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Chinese (zh)
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钟大勇
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合肥谢尔网络科技有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds, or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic irrigation system for a greenhouse based on the agricultural internet of things, and belongs to the field of agricultural internet of things. The automatic irrigation system comprises a motor, a temperature sensor, a single chip microcomputer, a liquid crystal display screen, a solenoid valve, irrigation nozzles, water pipes and a water source. The temperature sensor is connected to the single chip microcomputer and used for transmitting signals to the single chip microcomputer, the single chip microcomputer is connected to the liquid crystal screen, the solenoid valve and the motor to drive the solenoid valve and the motor to start up or stop, a water pump is connected to the water source via control by the solenoid valve and the motor. The automatic irrigation system can monitor the environmental temperature of crops in a greenhouse in real time, and is low in system error, quick in response speed, flexible in arrangement, low in cost, easy to maintain, low in cost of maintenance, high in maintainability and good in reliability, threshold values of irrigation can be flexibly set. The later application of the system proofs that the system is good in stability, and the system can be used for irrigating various crops in different periods.

Description

一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统 One kind of agricultural greenhouses automatic irrigation system based on Internet of Things

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及农业物联网领域,尤其涉及一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of agriculture things, particularly to a greenhouse Automatic irrigation systems based agricultural things.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]自古以来,我国就是一个以农业为主的国家,即便到了现代社会,农业仍是我国国民经济的基础。 [0002] Since ancient times, our country is a predominantly agricultural country, even to the modern society, agriculture remains the foundation of our national economy. 但我国农业生产效率低下,长期以来一直以经验种植为主,农业生产效率仅为发达国家的1/10。 However, China's agricultural productivity is low, the experience has been a long time to grow mainly agricultural productivity is only 1/10 of the developed countries. 为解决三农问题,国家正大力发展现代农业,温室是其中一个重要的组成部分,可增加作物年均成熟次数,增大作物产量,提高农业生产效率,因此,大力发展温室产业,对我国这样一个人口多耕地少的国家而言具有极大的战略意义。 In order to solve rural issues, countries are vigorously develop modern agriculture, greenhouse is an important component of the average annual increase the number of mature crops, increasing crop yields, improve agricultural productivity, therefore, to develop the greenhouse industry, our country so a large population and little arable land of the country in terms of great strategic significance. 目前,我国的温室面积已突破210万hm2,总面积达世界第一,但我国温室管理水平落后,大多控制系统采用定时控制或者手动控制方式。 At present, China's greenhouse area has exceeded 2.1 million hm2, the total area of ​​the world, but behind the greenhouse management level, most of the control system uses a timing control or manual control. 在灌溉管理方面,通常存在浇水不及时、不均、灌水不足或过量灌水等现象。 In irrigation management, there is usually not timely watering, uneven, inadequate irrigation or excessive irrigation and so on.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于克服现有技术存在的以上问题,提供一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,简化了设计,节约了成本。 [0003] The object of the present invention to overcome the above problems of the prior art, there is provided an agricultural shed IOT based automatic irrigation system, simplifies the design, cost savings.

[0004] 为实现上述技术目的,达到上述技术效果,本发明通过以下技术方案实现: [0004] To achieve the above technical object, to achieve the above technical effect, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,包括电动机、温度传感器、单片机、液晶显示屏、电磁阀、灌溉喷头、水管及水源,所述温度传感器与单片机相连,向其传送模拟信号,所述单片机分别与液晶显示屏、电磁阀及电动机控制相连,驱动电磁阀及电动机的开启及关闭,所述水栗通过电磁阀及电动机的控制与水源相连。 Automatic irrigation systems based agricultural greenhouses of things, including a motor, a temperature sensor, a microcontroller, LCD display, solenoid valves, irrigation sprinklers, and water pipes, the temperature sensor is connected to the microcontroller, the analog signals transmitted thereto, the MCU are connected to the LCD, and a motor control solenoid valve, the solenoid valve and a motor driving opening and closing of the water control and water chestnut connected via a solenoid valve and the motor.

[0005] 进一步地,所述液晶显示屏一种具有4位/8位并行、2线或3线串行多种接口方式。 [0005] Further, the liquid crystal display screen having a 4/8-bit parallel, 2 or 3-wire serial interface to a variety of ways.

[0006] 进一步地,所述温度传感器内部并联有光刻R0M、非挥发的温度报警触发器及配置寄存器。 [0006] Further, the temperature sensor is connected in parallel inside the lithographic R0M, nonvolatile temperature alarm triggers and configuration registers.

[0007] 进一步地,所述单片机系统由复位电路、时钟振荡电路及按键电路组合构成。 [0007] Further, the SCM system by the reset circuit, a clock oscillation circuit and a circuit key combinations thereof.

[0008] 进一步地,所述复位电路的复位方式采用按键复位。 [0008] Further, the reset circuit resetting mode using the reset button.

[0009] 进一步地,所述时钟振荡电路的振荡频率为6MHz或12MHz。 [0009] Further, the oscillation frequency of the clock oscillation circuit is 6MHz or 12MHz.

本发明的有益效果是: Advantageous effects of the invention are:

可以实现现场实时监测温室作物环境温度,具有系统误差低、响应速度快、部署灵活、成本低廉、维护简单成本低、可维护性高、可靠性好及灌溉阈值设置灵活等优势。 Can achieve real-time site monitoring greenhouse crops ambient temperature with low systematic error, fast response, flexible deployment, low cost, low maintenance costs simple, high maintainability, reliability and flexibility to set the threshold for irrigation and other advantages. 系统后期应用证明其具有良好的稳定性,并能满足不同作物不同时期灌溉的需要。 Late application system has proven its good stability, and can meet the needs of different crops in different periods of irrigation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0010] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of the present invention, constitute a part of this application, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: 图1是本发明的系统结构原理框图。 In the drawings: FIG. 1 is a system block diagram of the structure of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0011] 下面将参考附图并结合实施例,来详细说明本发明。 [0011] below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments, the present invention will be described in detail.

[0012] 一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,包括电动机、温度传感器、单片机、液晶显示屏、电磁阀、灌溉喷头、水管及水源,所述温度传感器与单片机相连,向其传送模拟信号,所述单片机分别与液晶显示屏、电磁阀及电动机控制相连,驱动电磁阀及电动机的开启及关闭,所述水栗通过电磁阀及电动机的控制与水源相连。 [0012] Automatic irrigation systems based agricultural greenhouses of things, including a motor, a temperature sensor, a microcontroller, LCD display, solenoid valves, irrigation sprinklers, and water pipes, the temperature sensor is connected to the microcontroller, the analog signals transmitted thereto , respectively, of the microcontroller with the LCD, and a motor control connected to the solenoid valve, the solenoid valve and a motor driving opening and closing of the water control and water chestnut connected via a solenoid valve and the motor.

[0013] 其中,液晶显示屏一种具有4位/8位并行、2线或3线串行多种接口方式。 [0013] wherein a liquid crystal display having a 4/8-bit parallel, 2 or 3-wire serial interface to a variety of ways.

[0014] 其中,温度传感器内部并联有光刻R0M、非挥发的温度报警触发器及配置寄存器。 [0014] wherein, an internal temperature sensor is connected in parallel photolithography R0M, nonvolatile temperature alarm triggers and configuration registers.

[0015] 其中,单片机系统由复位电路、时钟振荡电路及按键电路组合构成。 [0015] wherein the reset circuit is constituted by the SCM system, the key clock oscillation circuit and a circuit assembly.

[0016] 其中,复位电路的复位方式采用按键复位。 [0016] wherein the reset circuit uses the reset mode reset button.

[0017] 其中,时钟振荡电路的振荡频率为6MHz或12MHz。 [0017] wherein the oscillation frequency of the clock oscillation circuit is 6MHz or 12MHz.

[0018] 根据不同的作物对环境温度的不同需求,以及对含水量的需求,先在单片机设定一个当前温度值,由于环境温度的变化,温度传感器实时进行监测,将模拟信号传送给单片机,当环境温度上升或者下降到比设定温度高或者低时,单片机就会驱动电动机和电磁阀的开启或者关闭,然后水就从水源被水栗抽起,进入各个水管,打开电磁阀,水就从灌溉喷头出来,以达到灌溉的目的。 [0018] According to the different needs of different crops ambient temperature, and the demand for water content, a current temperature value previously set in the MCU, due to changes in ambient temperature, a temperature sensor to monitor in real time, the analog signal is transmitted to the microcontroller, when the ambient temperature rises higher or falls lower than the set temperature, or when the microcontroller will drive motor and the solenoid valve open or closed, and then the water was taken out from the water chestnut water into the individual pipes, the solenoid valve is opened, the water head out of the irrigation in order to achieve the purpose of irrigation.

[0019] 以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和本发明的优点。 [0019] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages of the present invention. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下,本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the above-described examples and embodiments described in the specification are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention will have various changes and improvements, changes and modifications which fall within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,包括电动机、温度传感器、单片机、液晶显示屏、电磁阀、灌溉喷头、水管及水源,其特征在于:所述温度传感器与单片机相连,向其传送模拟信号,所述单片机分别与液晶显示屏、电磁阀及电动机控制相连,驱动电磁阀及电动机的开启及关闭,所述水栗通过电磁阀及电动机的控制与水源相连。 1. An agricultural greenhouses IOT based automatic irrigation system, comprising a motor, a temperature sensor, a microcontroller, LCD display, solenoid valves, irrigation sprinklers, and water pipes, characterized in that: the temperature sensor is connected to the microcontroller, to which analog signal is transmitted, the MCU are respectively connected to the LCD, and a motor control solenoid valve, the solenoid valve and a motor driving opening and closing of the water control and water chestnut connected via a solenoid valve and the motor.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,其特征在于:所述液晶显示屏一种具有4位/8位并行、2线或3线串行多种接口方式。 According to one of the claims 1 things agricultural greenhouses automatic irrigation systems based on, wherein: said liquid crystal display having a 4/8-bit parallel, 2 or 3-wire serial interface to a variety of the way.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,其特征在于:所述温度传感器内部并联有光刻ROM、非挥发的温度报警触发器及配置寄存器。 According to one of the claims 1 things agricultural greenhouses automatic irrigation systems based on, wherein: said temperature sensor is connected in parallel inside lithography ROM, nonvolatile temperature alarm triggers and configuration registers.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,其特征在于:所述单片机系统由复位电路、时钟振荡电路及按键电路组合构成。 According to one of the claims 1 things agricultural greenhouses automatic irrigation systems based on, wherein: said single-chip system reset circuit constituted by the clock oscillation circuit and a circuit key combination.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,其特征在于:所述复位电路的复位方式采用按键复位。 According to one of the claims 2 agricultural greenhouses IOT based automatic irrigation system, characterized in that: the reset mode reset button reset circuit employed.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2所述的一种基于农业物联网的大棚自动灌溉系统,其特征在于:所述时钟振荡电路的振荡频率为6MHz或12MHz。 According to claim 2, one of the things agricultural greenhouses automatic irrigation systems based on, wherein: the oscillation frequency of the clock oscillation circuit is 6MHz or 12MHz.
CN 201510663147 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Automatic irrigation system for greenhouse based on agricultural internet of things CN105210815A (en)

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