CN105209700B - Movable parking space apparatus - Google Patents

Movable parking space apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105209700B
CN105209700B CN201380031356.5A CN201380031356A CN105209700B CN 105209700 B CN105209700 B CN 105209700B CN 201380031356 A CN201380031356 A CN 201380031356A CN 105209700 B CN105209700 B CN 105209700B
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China
Prior art keywords
track
parking lot
circulation connection
movable parking
ball
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CN201380031356.5A
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CN105209700A (en
Inventor
陆日琪
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Fuzhou Ouguan Innovation Industrial Design Co.,Ltd.
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NANNING MAXU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to PCT/IB2013/061456 priority Critical patent/WO2015101814A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/16Garages shaped as a wheel or drum rotatable about a horizontal axis

Abstract

A movable parking space apparatus comprises a cyclically connected track (1), multiple movable parking spaces (2) that are combined with the cyclically connected track (1) and a track open end (3). When a parking lot is full of vehicles, in a situation where other vehicles do not need to be driven to move, only a vehicle to be picked up needs to be driven onto a movable parking space (2) in the parking space apparatus, and then the movable parking space (2) is moved to an exit along the cyclically connected track (1), achieving purposes of moving the vehicle in the parking lot and facilitating vehicle parking and pickup. Meanwhile, after one movable parking space (2) is reserved, vehicles can be parked in remaining movable parking spaces (2), increasing a parking amount of the parking lot. The present apparatus is simple in structure, applies to large and medium-sized parking lots in cities and can alleviate a current social hot issue of a parking difficulty in the cities to a large extent.

Description

A kind of moveable parking lot device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of moveable parking lot device, belong to traffic infrastructure field;The present invention is applied to big Medium-sized parking lot.
Background technology
With expanding economy, city automobile recoverable amount is significantly increased, but parking lot and Limited parking in city, Ground is striven in parking stall with urban construction and traffic route, causes the situation that parking of automobile is difficult, parking stall is hard to find in city, be in inch of land cun The business and municipal office center in large parking lot or parking stall, particularly city are built in the city of gold, alleviates parking of automobile hardly possible Social concern, not only cost increases, and also is used to build greatly without more land resources and pavement of road resource in city Type parking lot or parking stall.
And current parking lot, particularly big-and-middle-sized parking lot, as shown in figure 1, being decorated with fixed parking stall in parking lot While (a), many circulation canals (b) are often all provided with, to keep the unobstructed of parking lot to be easy to park and extract vehicle, and These passages typically do not allow what is parked cars;Passage actually in these parking lots occupies the available of parking lot entirety Area, largely reduces the parking capacity in parking lot, causes area of parking lots and greatly wastes;This is in current city Seen in the hot issue of parking difficulty, this insufficient of area of parking lots is more protruded using the wasting of resources that seems.
In current existing urban parking area, if it is possible to fully stopped using the area of parking lot internal channel, this The utilization rate in parking lot will be greatly improved, also can significantly alleviate the difficult social concern of city parking.
The content of the invention
It is a kind of moveable it is a primary object of the present invention to provide in order to solve the problems, such as that above-mentioned area of parking lots is wasted Parking lot device, is transformed existing parking lot and is set up apparatus of the present invention so that stopped using parking lot internal channel fully Parking and extracting for other vehicles is not influenceed while putting vehicle, the parking capacity in parking lot is greatly improved.
The present invention relates to a kind of moveable parking lot device, it is connected by circulation connection track (1) and with the circulation Multiple movable parking lots (2) that track is combined, and track opening end (3) composition;Each movable parking lot (2) can be independent Moved freely along circulation connection track (1), a track opening end (3), and track are at least connected with circulation connection track (1) Openend (3) at least holds next movable parking lot (1).Assembled full movable parking lot on circulation connection track, and each movement Parking stall individually can move freely along track.
Circulation connection track (1) can the side of being shape type circulation connection track (11), it is mutual successively by four groups of tracks head and the tail Connection composition circulation at an angle of 90 connects track, as shown in Figure 2;Circulation connection track (1) can also be ring-type type circulation connection rail Road (12), it is joined end to end to connect by one group of track and constitutes circulation connection track, as shown in Figure 3.
Cyclic track can be parallel double-rail track (111), then now, the four of square shape type circulation connection track (11) In group track, when one group of parallel double-rail track intersects with another group, two rails with another group of the two of track iron Rail intersects at an angle of 90, as shown in Figure 4;And ring-type type circulation connection track (12) is one group of parallel double-rail track head and the tail connection Composition ring-type, as shown in Figure 6.
The rail of parallel double-rail track (111) is U-type groove rail (4), as shown in fig. 7, the movable parking lot on track (2) lower section is provided with four rolling members (5), as shown in figure 8, rolling member (5) is by ball-shaped wheel (51) and wheel cap (52) structure Into wheel cap (52) is fixedly connected movable parking lot (2) and part covers ball-shaped wheel (51), and ball-shaped wheel (51) can be in wheel Freely roll and do not depart from cap (52);The ball-shaped wheel (51) of rolling member matches with U-type groove rail (4) and can be along U-type groove rail is freely rolled, as shown in Figure 9;Between the four ball-shaped wheels (51) of rolling member (5) in movable parking lot lower section Distance just matches with the U-type groove rail (4) of parallel double-rail track, and can freely be rolled along track, such as Figure 10 and Tu Shown in 11.
Cyclic track can also be fluted body track (112), and as shown in figure 12, and recess width just entangles a movement Parking stall (2), as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, fluted body track inner surface is smooth, and movable parking lot can be along fluted body Track is slidably.
In order to reduce frictional force, four rolling members can be set up in the movable parking lot (2) of fluted body track lower section (5), as shown in figure 15, movable parking lot with rolling member ball-shaped wheel (51) roll and along fluted body track from By moving.
In order to further preferably reduce moving resistance, can also be set in the movable parking lot (2) of fluted body track lower section There are multiple row pattern rolling members (5 '), as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17 and Figure 18, row pattern rolling member (5 ') is by porous type wheel cap (52 ') and corresponding ball-shaped wheel (51) are constituted, and porous type wheel cap (52 ') is fixed on movable parking lot (2) and part Ball-shaped wheel (51) is covered, ball-shaped wheel can freely be rolled in wheel cap aperture.In such a case, it is possible to be provided only with two Row pattern rolling member (5 '), such as be respectively provided at movable parking lot lower section both sides symmetric position, as illustrated in figures 19 and 20;Also may be used To be provided with four row patterns rolling member (5 '), such as four row pattern rolling member composition quadrangles below movable parking lot, such as Shown in Figure 21, or multiple row pattern rolling members (5 ') can also be booked below movable parking lot, as shown in figure 22, so moved Dynamic resistance is smaller, and movable parking lot movement is got up will be more easy.
Square shape type circulation connection track (11) of apparatus of the present invention can be single square circulation connection track, such as scheme 2nd, shown in Fig. 4 and Figure 12;Can also be that multiple square tracks are stitched together the multiple circulation connection tracks of composition size, such as Figure 23 With shown in Figure 24.The track opening end (3) similarly set up on circulation connection track can also be multiple.
Used as one significant deformation of apparatus of the present invention, as shown in figure 27, it is one that the circulation of apparatus of the present invention connects track (1) Individual overall groove structure (113), and recess width can simultaneously entangle simultaneously assembled full multiple movable parking lots (2), groove inner surface It is smooth, movable parking lot can be in groove slidably.
In order to further improve apparatus of the present invention, the movable parking lot on circulation connection track is moved easily, particularly moved When park vehicle on dynamic parking stall, the present apparatus also includes setting up dynamic sub-device (6).
Power sub-device (6) can be located at each track intersection and track opening end (3) adjacent, such as Figure 23 and Figure 24 It is shown;Or track middle section, as shown in Figure 26 and Figure 27;And power sub-device (6) can be supplied on the position and adjacent Movable parking lot on position along orbital direction power, i.e., the two groups power of track both forward and reverse directions.It is of course also possible to each Movable parking lot (2) is all provided with dynamic sub-device (6), and power sub-device (6) can be provided along track side to movable parking lot To mobile power, its effect is also the same.
In order that the car park surfaces that must install the present apparatus are smooth, dress of the present invention is noted as shown in Fig. 9 and Figure 16, during installation The integral surface put keeps highly consistent with parking lot ground.
In current existing big-and-middle-sized parking lot, storing cycle and extraction for convenience is provided with many fixed parkings in mark Very plurality of passages is equipped with behind position, the big-and-middle-sized parking in urban district is particularly well-suited to, this certainly will reduce the parking capacity in parking lot.Now, As long as transforming these parking lots, set up after apparatus of the present invention, when peak is stopped, do not influenceing existing parking stall Storing cycle and extract outside, can also on the movable parking lot equipped with apparatus of the present invention handling vehicle, this will be greatly improved The parking capacity in parking lot, in the deficient place in the limited parking stall of the land resources such as down town, the present invention can significantly be alleviated and stop The difficult hot spot of society of car.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is parking lot plan schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the square shape type circulation connection track schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the ring-type type circulation connection track schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the square shape parallel double-rail track schematic diagram of type;
Fig. 5 is parallel double-rail traces cross schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the parallel double-rail track schematic diagram of ring-type type;
Fig. 7 is U-type groove rail schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is rolling member stereogram;
Fig. 9 is movable parking lot and parallel double-rail structure orthogonal view;
Figure 10 is movable parking lot double-rail track structure birds-eye perspective parallel with square shape type;
Figure 11 is movable parking lot double-rail track structure birds-eye perspective parallel with ring-type type;
Figure 12 is square shape type fluted body track schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is fluted body track and movable parking lot structure top view;
Figure 14 is fluted body track and movable parking lot section of structure;
Figure 15 is movable parking lot and four rolling member structural perspectives;
Figure 16 is fluted body device for rail section of structure of the invention;
Figure 17 is movable parking lot and row pattern rolling member section of structure;
Figure 18 is row pattern rolling member stereogram;
Figure 19 is movable parking lot and a pair of row pattern rolling member structural perspectives one;
Figure 20 is movable parking lot and a pair of row pattern rolling member structural perspectives two;
Figure 21 is movable parking lot and four row pattern rolling member structural perspectives;
Figure 22 is movable parking lot and multiple row pattern rolling member structural perspectives;
Figure 23 is multiple square parallel double-rail circulation connection track schematic diagrames;
Figure 24 is multiple square groove type circulation connection track schematic diagrames;
Figure 25 is the parallel double-rail circulation connection track schematic diagram of ring-type type;
Figure 26 is ring-type type fluted body circulation connection track schematic diagram;
Figure 27 is overall groove structure schematic diagram.
Wherein a is fixed parking stall, and b is circulation canal, and 1 is circulation connection track, and 11 is square shape type circulation connection track, 12 is ring-type type circulation connection track, and 111 is parallel double-rail track, and 112 is fluted body track, and 113 is overall groove structure, 2 is movable parking lot, and 3 is track opening end, and 4 is U-type groove rail, and 5 is rolling member, and 5 ' is row pattern rolling member, and 51 is circle Ball-type wheel, 52 is wheel cap, and 52 ' is porous type wheel cap, and 6 is power sub-device.
Specific embodiment
As shown in figure 1, current parking lot ground Jun Huayou parking stalls, and in order to ensure that vehicle is conveniently parked and extracted And the passage for keeping clear, and these passages there are many circulation intercommunication.We transform on circulation canal and set up this hair The circulation of bright device connects track (1) and the multiple movable parking lots (2) being combined with the circulation connection track, and track Openend (3) constitutes;Each movable parking lot (2) can be moved freely individually along circulation connection track (1), circulation connection rail A track opening end (3) is at least connected with road (1), and track opening end (3) at least hold next movable parking lot (1).
Square shape type circulation connection track (11) as shown in Figure 2, it is mutually connected at an angle of 90 successively by four groups of track head and the tail Composition circulation connection track.Square shape type circulation connection track can be single square circulation connection track, such as Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Shown in Figure 12;Can also be that multiple square tracks are stitched together the multiple circulation connection tracks of composition size, such as Figure 23 and Figure 24 It is shown.
Square shape type circulation connection track (11) can be parallel double-rail track (111).As shown in Fig. 4 and Figure 23, in side In four groups of tracks of shape type circulation connection track (11), when one group of parallel double-rail track intersects with another group, two iron Rail intersects at an angle of 90 with another group of the two of track rails.As shown in figure 5, A groups track converges with B groups traces cross, A group rails Rail A1 in road with B group tracks in rail B1, B2 shape crossing at an angle of 90, similarly A2 is also similar to.
In addition, square shape type circulation connection track (11) can also be fluted body track (112), as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 24, And recess width just entangles a movable parking lot (2), as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, fluted body track inner surface is smooth , movable parking lot can be along fluted body track slidably.
And it is typically all square that parking stall is fixed on ground in existing parking lot at present, in several rows of square fixed parking After position delimited well, the circulation canal also generally all side's of being shape type in parking lot, as shown in figure 1, these side's shape type circulation canals are just With the square shape type of improvement cost invention device circulation connection track (11), then can add and connect track with the circulation and be combined Multiple movable parking lots (2), and track opening end (3) just constitute apparatus of the present invention.
As shown in Fig. 3 ring-type type circulation connects track (12), and it is joined end to end to connect by one group of track and constitutes circulation company Integrate with.Ring-type type circulation connection track (12) can be parallel double-rail track (111), as shown in Fig. 6 and Figure 25;Can also It is fluted body track (112), as shown in figure 26.
As shown in fig. 7, the rail of parallel double-rail track is U-type groove rail (4);Movable parking lot on corresponding track (2) lower section is provided with four rolling members (5), as shown in figure 8, rolling member (5) is by ball-shaped wheel (51) and wheel cap (52) structure Into wheel cap (52) is fixedly connected movable parking lot (2) and part covers ball-shaped wheel (51), and ball-shaped wheel (51) can be in wheel Freely roll and do not depart from cap (52);The ball-shaped wheel (51) of rolling member matches with U-type groove rail (4) and can be along U-type groove rail is freely rolled, as shown in Figure 9;Between the four ball-shaped wheels (51) of rolling member (5) in movable parking lot lower section Distance just matches with the U-type groove rail (4) of parallel double-rail track, and can freely be rolled along track.Such as in Fig. 10, Four ball-shaped wheels (51) below movable parking lot (2) can freely roll along the U-type groove rail of A group tracks, also can edge The U-type groove rail for B group tracks is freely rolled;In fig. 11, four ball-shaped wheel (51) energy below movable parking lot (2) Freely rolled along arc track.In Orbit revolutionary moving process, these ensure that vehicle stabilization is parked on movable parking lot.
As shown in figure 12, square shape type circulation connection track (11) is fluted body track (112), and recess width is just entangled One movable parking lot (2), as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, fluted body track inner surface is smooth, and movable parking lot can edge Fluted body track slidably.
As shown in figure 15, this is to set up four rolling members (5) in movable parking lot (2) lower section of fluted body track, is rolled Dynamic component (5) is made up of ball-shaped wheel (51) and wheel cap (52), and wheel cap (52) is fixedly connected movable parking lot (2) and part is covered Firmly ball-shaped wheel (51), ball-shaped wheel (51) can freely be rolled and do not departed from wheel cap (52);Movable parking lot with Ball-shaped wheel (51) in rolling member is rolled and moved freely along fluted body track.
Multiple row pattern rolling members (5 ') can also be provided with the movable parking lot (2) of fluted body track lower section, such as Figure 16, Shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18, row pattern rolling member (5 ') is made up of porous type wheel cap (52 ') and corresponding ball-shaped wheel (51), Porous type wheel cap (52 ') is fixed on movable parking lot (2) and part covers ball-shaped wheel (51), and ball-shaped wheel can be in wheel Freely rolled in cap aperture.Than as illustrated in figures 19 and 20 be respectively provided at movable parking lot lower section both sides symmetric position;Can also Four row patterns rolling member (5 ') are provided with, than four row pattern rolling member compositions four below movable parking lot as shown in figure 21 Side shape, or as shown in figure 22 multiple row pattern rolling members (5 ') are booked below movable parking lot.
As shown in figure 27, as a great deformation of apparatus of the present invention, circulation connection track (1) can be one whole Body groove structure (113), and recess width can simultaneously entangle simultaneously assembled full multiple movable parking lots (2), groove inner surface is light Sliding, it is originally assembled full by movable parking lot after track opening end (3) other movable parking is displaced on track opening end Overall groove structure (113) region for movable parking lot size, the movable parking lot beside the region can be vacated Can be needed according to position adjustment and slide into the regional location vacated, so overall groove structure (113) movable parking lot The position of original movable parking lot in groove one by one slidably, can be changed.
Further improve apparatus of the present invention, can also include setting up dynamic sub-device (6).
Power sub-device (6) can be located at each track intersection and track opening end (3) adjacent, such as Figure 23 and Figure 24 It is shown;Or track middle section, as illustrated in figs. 25 and 26;And power sub-device (6) can be supplied on the position and adjacent Movable parking lot on position along orbital direction power, i.e., the two groups power of track both forward and reverse directions;When power sub-device to When movable parking lot provides power, the movable parking lot of stress is moved along track, and withstands adjacent movable parking lot, one One, top, in mutual overhead and transmits power, the movement of whole orbital direction between the movable parking lot in an orbital direction Get up along track movement on parking stall.
It is of course also possible to each movable parking lot (2) is all provided with dynamic sub-device (6), and power sub-device (6) can be to shifting Dynamic parking stall provides the power moved along orbital direction, and its effect is also the same.
The power that movable parking lot mentioned above is moved along orbital direction, i.e., in track middle section, movable parking lot (2) can be moved forward and backward along track under power sub-device (6) effect;Around the corner, movable parking lot (2) is filled in power Put and can be moved forward and backward along track under (6) act on and move to left and move to right.
Apparatus of the present invention overall operation schematic diagram of different shapes as shown in Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 25 and Figure 26, in laying Single or multiple circulation connection track (1) of full movable parking lot (2) is provided with multiple track opening ends (3) and power dress (6) are put, the power sub-device (6) for being located at track opening end (3) adjacent is displaced to movable parking at track opening end, this When, neutral of being gone on a journey on the circulation connection track of movable parking lot is paved with originally, the movable parking lot in circulation connection track is dynamic Under the promotion of power sub-device, along circulation connection track shift position, consequently, it is possible to the vehicle being parked on movable parking lot is not On the basis of starting, the position of needs can be moved to along circulation connection track with movable parking lot.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of moveable parking lot device, described device is by circulation connection track(1)And it is connected track phase with the circulation With reference to multiple movable parking lots(2), and track opening end(3)Composition;Each movable parking lot(2)Can individually along following Ring connects track(1)Move freely, circulation connection track(1)On be at least connected with a track opening end(3), and track opening end (3)At least hold next movable parking lot(1);The circulation connection track(1)For one of following two:
A) the circulation connection track described in(1)It is square circulation connection track(11), it is in successively by four groups of track head and the tail 90 ° of angle connection composition circulation connection tracks;Square circulation connection track(11)It is parallel double-rail track(111);One group parallel When double-rail track intersects with another group, two rails intersect at an angle of 90 with another group of the two of track rails;
B) the circulation connection track described in(1)It is ring-type circulation connection track(12), it joins end to end to connect and constitutes by one group of track Circulation connection track;Ring-type circulation connection track(12)It is parallel double-rail track(111);One group of parallel double-rail track is from beginning to end Connection composition ring-type;
Characterized in that, described parallel double-rail track(111)Rail be U-type groove rail(4), the movable parking on track Position(2)Lower section is provided with four rolling members(5), rolling member is by ball-shaped wheel(51)With wheel cap(52)Constitute, take turns cap(52) It is fixedly connected movable parking lot(2)And part covers ball-shaped wheel(51), ball-shaped wheel(51)Can be in wheel cap(52)It is interior from By rolling and do not depart from, the ball-shaped wheel of rolling member matches with U-type groove rail and can freely be rolled along U-type groove rail It is dynamic;Four rolling members in movable parking lot lower section(5)Ball-shaped wheel(51)Between distance just with parallel double-rail track U-type groove rail(4)Match, and can freely be rolled along track.
2. a kind of moveable parking lot device, described device is by circulation connection track(1)And it is connected track phase with the circulation With reference to multiple movable parking lots(2), and track opening end(3)Composition;Each movable parking lot(2)Can individually along following Ring connects track(1)Move freely, circulation connection track(1)On be at least connected with a track opening end(3), and track opening end (3)At least hold next movable parking lot(1);Described circulation connection track(1)It is fluted body track(112), and groove is wide Degree just entangles a movable parking lot(2), fluted body track inner surface is smooth, and movable parking lot can be along fluted body Track is slidably;It is characterized in that including four rolling members set up below movable parking lot(5);Rolling member(5) By ball-shaped wheel(51)With wheel cap(52)Constitute, take turns cap(52)It is fixedly connected movable parking lot(2)Lower section and part cover circle Ball-type wheel(51), ball-shaped wheel can be in wheel cap(52)It is interior freely to roll and do not depart from, movable parking lot(2)With rolled portion Ball-shaped wheel in part(51)Roll and moved freely along fluted body track.
3. device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described circulation connection track(1)It is square circulation connection track (11), by four groups of track head and the tail, mutually connection constitutes circulation connection track at an angle of 90 successively for it.
4. device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described circulation connection track(1)It is ring-type circulation connection track (12), it is joined end to end to connect by one group of track and constitutes circulation connection track.
5. a kind of moveable parking lot device, described device is by circulation connection track(1)And it is connected track phase with the circulation With reference to multiple movable parking lots(2), and track opening end(3)Composition;Each movable parking lot(2)Can individually along following Ring connects track(1)Move freely, circulation connection track(1)On be at least connected with a track opening end(3), and track opening end (3)At least hold next movable parking lot(1);Described circulation connection track(1)It is fluted body track(112), and groove is wide Degree just entangles a movable parking lot(2), fluted body track inner surface is smooth, and movable parking lot can be along fluted body Track is slidably;It is characterized in that including the multiple row pattern rolling members set up below movable parking lot(5’);Row pattern is rolled Dynamic component is by porous type wheel cap(52’)With corresponding ball-shaped wheel(51)Constitute, porous type wheel cap(52’)It is fixedly connected shifting Dynamic parking stall(2)And part covers ball-shaped wheel(51), ball-shaped wheel can be in porous type wheel cap(52’)It is interior freely roll and Do not depart from, movable parking lot(2)With row pattern rolling member(5’)In ball-shaped wheel(51)Roll and along fluted body rail Road is moved freely.
6. device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described circulation connection track(1)It is square circulation connection track (11), by four groups of track head and the tail, mutually connection constitutes circulation connection track at an angle of 90 successively for it.
7. device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described circulation connection track(1)It is ring-type circulation connection track (12), it is joined end to end to connect by one group of track and constitutes circulation connection track.
CN201380031356.5A 2013-12-31 2013-12-31 Movable parking space apparatus Active CN105209700B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2013/061456 WO2015101814A1 (en) 2013-12-31 2013-12-31 Movable parking space apparatus

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CN202970069U (en) * 2012-08-02 2013-06-05 胡新宜 Integrated intelligent control multi-layer circular contraposition mobile parking tower and intelligent control device thereof

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WO2015101814A1 (en) 2015-07-09
GB201512749D0 (en) 2015-08-26

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