CN105195911A - Welding method for conveniently unloading steel bar cage for concrete pile foundation - Google Patents

Welding method for conveniently unloading steel bar cage for concrete pile foundation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105195911A
CN105195911A CN201510468425.XA CN201510468425A CN105195911A CN 105195911 A CN105195911 A CN 105195911A CN 201510468425 A CN201510468425 A CN 201510468425A CN 105195911 A CN105195911 A CN 105195911A
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CN
China
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welding
muscle
reinforcement cage
rod
steel
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CN201510468425.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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朱玉兵
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朱玉兵
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Priority to CN201510468425.XA priority Critical patent/CN105195911A/en
Publication of CN105195911A publication Critical patent/CN105195911A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K31/00Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K31/02Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups relating to soldering or welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups

Abstract

The invention discloses a welding method for conveniently unloading a steel bar cage for a concrete pile foundation. After the welding between one steel bar ring and each longitudinal bar is finished, the welding between a reeling bar and each longitudinal bar is carried out; when the welding between the reeling bar and each longitudinal bar is carried out, the welding between the steel bar ring and each longitudinal bar is carried out if a translation distance of the steel bar cage reaches a pre-set distance between the two steel bar rings; the step is repeated until the welding of the whole steel bar cage is finished, and the longitudinal bars are cut off by using a cutting-off device after the welding is finished; and the welded steel bar cage is unloaded and the welding of the next steel bar cage is carried out. With the adoption of the welding method for conveniently unloading the steel bar cage for the concrete pile foundation, the assembling and welding of the steel bar cage can be effectively realized.

Description

A kind of welding method being convenient to the unloading of concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage
Technical field
The present invention relates to civil engineering field, be specifically related to a kind of welding method being convenient to the unloading of concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage.
Background technology
The field such as building pile foundation and road and bridge construction often needs welded reinforcement cage, the structure of steel reinforcement cage is concrete as shown in figure 14, comprise spaced steel ring, be around in the spaced vertical muscle in the periphery of steel ring and on vertical muscle helically wire be wound around around muscle, vertical muscle and steel ring be vertical configuration layout.The welding of current steel reinforcement cage completes mainly through built human weld, and its welding efficiency is low, and needs the workman of more than at least four to coordinate.Also some are had to carry out the equipment of steel reinforcement cage welding at present, as name is called that " rotary welding device of tapered electric pole reinforcing bar cage seam welding " (application number: be recorded following technical scheme in Chinese patent literature 201410413871.6): a kind of rotary welding device of tapered electric pole reinforcing bar cage seam welding, comprises longitudinal reinforcement fixture, welder and circumferential reinforcement fixture; Described longitudinal reinforcement fixture is used for the longitudinal reinforcement of fixing reducing gradually, described circumferential reinforcement fixture is used for fixing circumferential reinforcement, circumferential reinforcement is vertically fixed on longitudinal reinforcement, circumferential reinforcement fixture and welder rotate around longitudinal reinforcement fixture, are welded on longitudinal reinforcement by welder by circumferential reinforcement winding; Described longitudinal reinforcement fixture comprises fixed disk, and fixed disk center is provided with the reducing mold of conical ring, reducing mold and fixed disk concentric; Described reducing mold excircle is evenly equipped with reducing slide block, and described reducing slide block radially slides on the surface at fixed disk under reducing mold drives; Described reducing slide block has through hole, and described through hole is used for penetrating longitudinal reinforcement; Described reducing slide block is that longitudinal reinforcement is powered; What described circumferential reinforcement fixture comprised rotating disc and arc leads muscle arm, rotating disc be arranged on fixed disk excircle and with fixed disk concentric, rotating disc rotates around the center of circle; Lead muscle arm to install on the rotating pan, circumferential reinforcement passes from leading in muscle arm one end and reaches below welder; Described welder comprises welding electrode and pressure mechanism, and described welding electrode comprises welding copper coin, and welding copper coin positioning sleeve is fixed on conductive electrode, and conductive electrode is connected with movable conductor, and described movable conductor is connected with power supply; Described pressure mechanism applies constant pressure to welding electrode, makes welding electrode butt welding contact keep constant pressure.
The said equipment may be used for the welding realizing different size steel reinforcement cage, and the welding of tapered electric pole steel reinforcement cage, but it goes back Shortcomings being applied on automatic welding device, as effective assembling of steel ring and vertical muscle cannot be realized, be difficult to adapt to the welding that different size indulges muscle, be therefore necessary to be optimized further it.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of welding method being convenient to the unloading of concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage, and it can effectively solve the problem, and realizes the erection welding of steel reinforcement cage.
For achieving the above object, the present invention implements by the following technical solutions:
Be convenient to a welding method for concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage unloading, comprise following operation:
Assemble steel ring, indulge muscle, around muscle: select the sleeve of corresponding size to be arranged on the first axle body according to the size of steel reinforcement cage to be welded, 3rd position of driving mechanism to the first fixture regulates, steel ring arrangement is set on sleeve, then vertical muscle is fixed through the first fixture and the 3rd rotating disk, the end of vertical muscle extends to the outside of sleeve, to be fixed on cloth bracket around muscle, preparation completes;
Welding between steel ring and vertical muscle: before a steel ring starts welding, 3rd body of rod is in working position, poking device moves to the side near outer tube, first rod for stiring materials is in and convexly rises state, second rod for stiring materials is in retracted state, the end of first rod for stiring materials and the tube wall matched in clearance of outer tube, walking dolly moves to the side away from the 3rd body of rod, until the material toggling end of first rod for stiring materials and the steel ring be set on sleeve lean, now, second rod for stiring materials is converted to the convex state that rises by retracted state and inserts between adjacent steel ring, first rod for stiring materials transfers retracted state to by the convex state that rises, the moving direction of walking dolly changes, move to the side near the 3rd body of rod, second rod for stiring materials promotes first simultaneously, steel ring between two rod for stiring materials moves, lean until steel ring moves to the 3rd body of rod being in working position, now start the first welding mechanism to weld between steel ring and vertical muscle, during welding, second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage and rotates, ensure that every root indulges muscle and steel ring all reliably welds, when welded reinforcement circle and vertical muscle, steel reinforcement cage does not carry out translation, after welding terminates, poking device is moved to the side away from sleeve, 3rd body of rod is transferred to by working position dodges position, steel reinforcement cage carries out translation, when the distance of steel reinforcement cage translation reaches the spacing between two steel rings, repetition aforesaid operations carries out the welding next time between steel ring and vertical muscle, so repeatedly, when welding between steel ring and vertical muscle, deviation correction mechanism is in dodges position,
Welding between muscle and vertical muscle: when first steel ring welded moves to deviation correcting device place, end around muscle is bent into the weld that hook is fixed on steel ring and vertical muscle, start the second fixture, quarter butt is made to be in working position, be wrapped on vertical muscle around muscle, start deviation correction mechanism make its be in correction position rectify a deviation for opposing connection muscle, rectified a deviation between rear startup second welding mechanism opposing connection muscle and vertical muscle and welded; Welding terminates rear deviation correction mechanism and returns back to and dodge position, and first and second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage to carry out rotating and translation, when moving to next pad around muscle and vertical muscle, repeating aforesaid operations and carrying out next time around the welding between muscle and vertical muscle, so repeatedly; In time welding between muscle and vertical muscle, poking device is in dodges position;
Welding between a steel ring and each vertical muscle terminates rear execution around the welding between muscle and vertical muscle; Perform when welding between muscle and vertical muscle, if when the translation distance of steel reinforcement cage reaches the spacing preset between two steel rings, then perform the welding between steel ring and each vertical muscle, so repeat, until the welding of whole steel reinforcement cage is complete, after welding, to use cutting device to block vertical muscle;
The unloading of steel reinforcement cage: during steel reinforcement cage welding, the second arcuate member is in support level, 12 driving mechanism orders about the first supporting seat along with the movement of steel reinforcement cage and moves, after steel reinforcement cage welding terminates, first supporting seat stops mobile, regulate quarter butt to be in and dodge position, first driving mechanism orders about active mount and continues mobile until the second fixture departs from completely from steel reinforcement cage, regulate travelling car to moving near steel reinforcement cage side until a end in guide face and the corresponding layout of the tenth jointed shaft, tenth driving mechanism regulates the second arcuate member to be in and dodges position, steel reinforcement cage rolls from guide face and unloads, unloading terminates rear each device and restPoses, carry out the welding of next steel reinforcement cage.
The welding method of concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage unloading that what technique scheme provided be convenient to, it can realize the rapid automatized welding to steel reinforcement cage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is top view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the 3rd fixture;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the 3rd body of rod is in working position;
Fig. 4 is that the 3rd body of rod is in the structural representation of dodging position;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the second fixture;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the first rotating disk;
Fig. 7 is the assembling schematic diagram of locating part;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the another kind of embodiment of the first rotating disk;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the first fixture;
Figure 10 is the syndeton schematic diagram between the first slide block and the first support arm;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of poking device;
Figure 12 is the side view of deviation correction mechanism;
Figure 13 is the front view of deviation correction mechanism;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of steel reinforcement cage;
Figure 15 is the side view of device for discharging;
Figure 16 is that the second arcuate member is in the structural representation of dodging position;
Figure 17 is the scheme of installation of locating part.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is specifically described.Should be appreciated that following word only in order to describe one or more concrete embodiments of the present invention, considered critical is not carried out to the protection domain that the present invention specifically asks.
The municipal works provided by the invention welding equipment that steel reinforcement cage is welded, as shown in Figure 1, comprise fixed mounting 10 positioned opposite and active mount 20, active mount 20 is arranged on the first slide rail 201, first slide rail 201 is arranged along the spacing direction between fixed mounting 10 and active mount 20, first driving mechanism orders about active mount 20 and moves, and the first driving mechanism can be motor and drives or air cylinder driven, fixed mounting 10 and active mount 20 are arranged respectively same core positioned opposite first, two rotating disks 11, 21, first, two rotating disks 11, 21 are rotatably installed on fixed mounting 10 and active mount 20 respectively, second driving mechanism orders about first, two rotating disks 11, 21 rotate, second driving mechanism can be motor-driven mechanism, first rotating disk 11 is provided with the 3rd fixture 40 for fixing steel ring A1 in the card of active mount 20 side, be provided with between fixed mounting 10 and active mount 20 and on vertical muscle A2, carry out the cloth bracket 80 that is wound around and to steel ring A1 for laying around muscle A3, vertical muscle A2, the welder welded is carried out between muscle A3.
The present invention is the welding realizing indulging different size muscle A2, that is needs to regulate the clamping hole adapted to clamp vertical muscle A2, and the present invention can take the following two kinds technical scheme to implement:
The first scheme as shown in Figure 8,9, 10, that is, first rotating disk 11 is arranged at intervals with the first fixture 11A for supporting vertical muscle A2 along its circumference, first fixture 11A and the first rotating disk 11 form slide-and-guide along the radial direction of the first rotating disk 11 and coordinate, 3rd driving mechanism is connected with the first fixture 11A and orders about the first fixture 11A and moves along the radial direction of the first rotating disk 11,3rd driving mechanism can be cylinder and forms, and the second rotating disk 21 is arranged the second fixture 50 being used for clamping the end of steel reinforcement cage, first fixture 11A comprises the first slide 11a, first slide 11a offers the first through hole 11h passed for vertical muscle A2 along the axis of the first rotating disk 11, extended to the outside of the first rotating disk 11 on first slide 11a have three the first support arms, first support arm 11b is arranged at the peripheral uniform intervals of the first through hole 11h, one end of first support arm 11b and the first slide 11a form first and are articulated and connected and form first the first jointed shaft two twenty percent 60 ° of angles be articulated and connected and arrange, the other end of the first support arm 11b is rotatablely equipped with the first deflector roll 11c respectively, heart yearn two twenty percent 60 ° of angles of first deflector roll 11c are arranged, the middle part of the first support arm 11b forms second by one end of the second jointed shaft and the first body of rod 11e and is articulated and connected, first slide 11a is also provided with three the first slide block 11d, first slide block 11d lays respectively at the outside of the first support arm 11b, first chute of the first slide block 11d by the first slide 11a is arranged, first guide rod 11f and the first slide 11a form slide-and-guide along the radial direction of the first through hole 11h and coordinate, first guide rod 11f is arranged with and orders about the first slide block 11d to the first Compress Spring 11g carrying out movement near the first through hole 11h center, the other end of the first body of rod 11e and the first slide block 11d form the 3rd by the 3rd jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, first, two, three jointed shafts are arranged in parallel with the first deflector roll 11c is all corresponding.The first fixture 11A that technique scheme provides, is regulated the distance in the first fixture 11A and first rotating disk 11 center of circle, realizes the welding to different size steel reinforcement cage by the 3rd driving mechanism; In addition, by the first fixture 11A of said structure, it can adapt to the size of vertical muscle A2 and the change that adapts, realizes indulging the fixing of muscle A2 and conveying to different size.
More specifically scheme is: convex is arranged at the middle part of the first deflector roll 11c, and the roll surface of vertical muscle A2 and the first deflector roll 11c is linear contact lay.First rotating disk 11 offers the second chute in the card of fixed mounting 10 side, first slide 11a forms slide-and-guide by the second chute with the first rotating disk 11 and coordinates, 3rd driving mechanism comprises the first cylinder, the piston rod of the first cylinder is connected with the first slide 11a, first slide 11a is provided with to its latch assembly of locking that slides, latch assembly can be latch and forms.
The second technical scheme is as Fig. 6, shown in 7, that is: the first rotating disk 11 offers the second through hole 112 passed for vertical muscle A2, second through hole 112 ringwise radial layout (the second through hole 112 is provided with some circles on the first rotating disk, and each circle the second through hole 112 is arranged with core), the diameter of the second through hole 112 is greater than the diameter of vertical muscle A2, first rotating disk 11 is provided with the second axle body 111 away from the card of active mount 20 side, the second axle body 111 and the first rotating disk 11 are arranged with core, the second axle body 111 is arranged with can to form with it and is detachablely connected the locating part coordinated, locating part is by inner ring 113, outer shroud 114 be connected in, outer shroud 113, the second connecting rod composition of 114, the internal diameter of outer shroud 114 is consistent with the diameter of the circle that muscle A2 vertical on steel reinforcement cage encloses.This kind of scheme carries out A2 support by arranging different the second through hole 112 apart from first rotating disk 11 center of circle to vertical muscle, aperture due to the second through hole 112 is greater than the diameter of vertical muscle A2, therefore needing to arrange locating part carries out spacing, groove can be offered with the second through hole 112 opposite position place on the ring wall of inner ring 113, the flute length direction of groove is consistent with the length direction of vertical muscle A2, and the cross section of groove is semicircle.Carry out spacing by locating part to vertical muscle like this, vertical muscle A2 is constrained on the region between inner ring 113 ring wall and the second through hole 112 hole wall, indulging muscle A2 and inner ring 113 ring wall and the second through hole 112 hole wall is also all linear contact lay, and therefore the friction of vertical muscle A2 slip is little, adapts to the welding that different size indulges muscle.
In above-mentioned two kinds of technical schemes, the first is more complicated than the second structure, but the second needs the locating part arranging different size to mate, and specifically can choose adopt that technical scheme to implement according to scene.The structure of first and second rotating disk 11,21 structure that is identical, first and second fixture may be the same or different.
The municipal works provided by the invention welding equipment welded steel reinforcement cage, it can realize, to steel ring A1, vertical muscle A2 and the welding between muscle A3, not needing manually to overlap between it.Therefore the reliable overlap joint realized between steel ring and vertical muscle and between vertical muscle and steel ring is particularly important.Therefore further scheme of the present invention is, as Fig. 2, 3, shown in 4, the first axle body 41 of the first rotating disk 11 extended suspension shape in the card of active mount 20 side, the first axle body 41 and the first rotating disk 11 are arranged with core, 3rd fixture 40 comprises the detachable sleeve be arranged on the first axle body 41, sleeve is by interior pipe 72, outer tube 471 be connected in, the head rod composition of outer tube, steel ring A1 arranges shape and is set on the tube wall of outer tube 471, the suspension end of the first axle body 41 is provided with the second cylinder 42 arranged along its length, the piston rod of the second cylinder 42 is provided with first collar 43, the end of the first axle body 41 is provided with second collar 44, first, on two collars along its circumference respectively uniform intervals arrange second, three bodies of rod, one end of second body of rod 45 and first collar 43 form the 4th by the 4th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, one end of 3rd body of rod 46 and second collar 44 form the 5th by the 5th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, the other end of second body of rod 45 and the middle part of the 3rd body of rod 46 form the 6th by the 6th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, the other end of the 3rd body of rod 46 is in two states, one is: the 3rd body of rod 46 reclines mutually with the end of sleeve, the other end end of the 3rd body of rod 46 extends to the working position of outer tube 471 periphery, as Fig. 2, shown in 3, it two is: the 3rd body of rod 46 and the end of sleeve are separated, the other end of the 3rd body of rod 46 is positioned at outer tube 471 inside dodges position, as shown in Figure 4, the top of the first axle body 41 is provided with the first crossbeam 60 of perpendicular layout, the two ends of first crossbeam 60 are provided with poking device, poking device comprises the first column that suspention shape is arranged, the lower end of the first column is provided with the first axial arranged longeron 61 along the first axle body 41, first longeron 61 is provided with walking dolly 62, walking dolly 62 arranges first along the axially spaced-apart of the first axle body 41, two driving levers 63, 64, first, two driving levers 63, spacing between 64 is consistent with the bar diameter forming steel ring A1, and first, two driving levers 63, 64 along the radial arrangement of the first axle body 41, and poking device coordinates along the height direction of first crossbeam 60 with its formation slide-and-guide, and four-wheel drive mechanism is connected with poking device, and the 6th driving mechanism orders about walking dolly 62 and moves on the first longeron 61, and the 7th, eight driving mechanisms regulate first, two driving levers 63, 64 stretch along the radial direction of the first axle body 41, and the 4th, seven, eight driving mechanisms can be cylinder and form, and the 6th driving mechanism can be motor and forms, and first, two driving levers 63, 64 piston rods that can be cylinder are formed.Stirring steel ring A1 is realized by first and second driving lever 63,64 arranged.During initial operation, steel ring A1 is arranged in one end away from the 3rd body of rod 46 on sleeve, during material toggling, first rod for stiring materials 63 is in and convexly rises state, second rod for stiring materials 64 is in retracted state, the end of first rod for stiring materials 63 and the tube wall matched in clearance of outer tube 471, now walking dolly 62 moves to the side away from the 3rd body of rod 46, until the material toggling end of first rod for stiring materials 63 and the steel ring A1 be set on sleeve lean, walking dolly 62 cannot continue mobile, now second rod for stiring materials 64 is converted to the convex state that rises by retracted state and inserts between adjacent steel ring A1, simultaneously: first rod for stiring materials 63 transfers retracted state to by the convex state that rises, the moving direction of walking dolly 62 changes, move to the side near the 3rd body of rod 46, such second rod for stiring materials 64 promotes first, two rod for stiring materials 63, steel ring A1 between 64 carries out translation, steel ring A1 moves to and leans with the 3rd body of rod 46 being in working position, now start the first welding mechanism to weld between steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2, after welding terminates, poking device is moved to the side away from sleeve, 3rd body of rod 46 is transferred to by working position dodges position, active mount 20 pulls steel reinforcement cage to carry out translation, until repeat aforesaid operations when needing to carry out welded reinforcement circle A1 and vertical muscle A2 next time, so repeatedly, for adapting to the welding of different steel reinforcement cage, the sleeve that need arrange different size carries out coupling and uses.
Concrete scheme is: the tube wall of outer tube 471 is followed successively by steel layer, elastic layer and gel coating resin from the inside to the outside, and the outer tube 471 of this structure can be convenient to rod for stiring materials and stir steel ring A1 and carry out translation, prevents steel ring A1 stuck in moving process; Welder comprises the first welding mechanism with the corresponding layout of first collar 43, and the first welding mechanism is used for vertical welding between muscle A2 with steel ring A1, and the first welder can adopt existing cantilevered welding mechanism.
The municipal works provided by the invention welding equipment welded steel reinforcement cage, needs to pull the steel reinforcement cage welded to carry out translation, makes the part of not welding move to the weld part of welder.Second rotating disk 21 is provided with the first body 51 and the 3rd cylinder 52 in the card of fixed mounting 10 side, the outer tube wall of the first body 51 is provided with the 3rd collar 54, the end that the piston rod of the 3rd cylinder 52 extends to the first body 51 outer end is provided with the 4th collar 53, the external diameter of the 4th collar 53 is consistent with the external diameter of the first body 51, 3rd, on four collars along its circumference respectively uniform intervals arrange the 4th, five bodies of rod, one end of 4th body of rod 56 and the 3rd collar 54 form the 7th by the 7th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, one end of 5th body of rod 55 and the 4th collar 53 form the 8th by the 8th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, the other end of the 4th body of rod 56 and the middle part of the 5th body of rod 55 form the 9th by the 9th jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, the other end of the 5th body of rod 55 is provided with the quarter butt 57 along the first body 51 radial arrangement, quarter butt 57 is in two states, one is: the working position walked for pulling steel reinforcement cage in the periphery that quarter butt 57 extends to steel ring A1, it two is: quarter butt 57 bounces back to dodges position in steel ring A1, specifically as shown in Figure 5.By the pull unit of said structure, it can pull steel reinforcement cage to carry out translation when welding, and can not have an impact to the unloading of steel reinforcement cage simultaneously, ensures steel reinforcement cage automatic welding.
Certain error may be there is in winding to during vertical muscle A3 peripheral around muscle, the soldering turret around the actual welding point between muscle A3 with vertical muscle A2 and welder will be caused so not consistent, therefore the winding of opposing connection muscle A3 is needed to rectify a deviation, the present invention specifically adopts Figure 12, shown in 13, technical scheme is implemented, that is: be wound on drum around muscle A3, drum rotates and is fixed on cloth bracket 80, the axis of drum parallels layout with vertical muscle A2, the side of cloth bracket 80 is provided with and carries out the deviation correcting device of rectifying a deviation for the winding of opposing connection muscle A3 on vertical muscle A2, deviation correcting device comprises the second cross beam 70 arranged above steel reinforcement cage, second cross beam 70 is provided with lifting platform 73, lifting platform 73 is provided with the correction bar 71 that three suspention shapes are arranged, the lower end edge of correction bar 71 sets gradually correction part 72 around the pitch that muscle A3 is wound around, correction part 72 be prong downwards and the Y-piece formation that increases gradually of prong, due to three correction bar 71 lower ends arrange three correction parts 72 layout circuit with around muscle A3 want the shape of winding consistent, therefore, it can rectify a deviation in the winding of opposing connection muscle A3 on vertical muscle A2, deviation correcting device is in two states, and one is: lifting platform 73 is descending, and the prong being positioned at correction part 72 around muscle A3 carries out the correction position of rectifying a deviation, its two be positioned at that the rotation of outside to steel reinforcement cage of vertical muscle A2 dodge for deviation correcting device dodge position.Thus ensure the reliable winding around muscle A3, ensure welding quality.Welder comprises the second welding mechanism of layout corresponding with deviation correcting device, second welding mechanism is used for vertical muscle A2 and welding between muscle A3, second welder can adopt existing cantilevered welding mechanism, and lifting platform 73 can adopt cylinder to regulate it to be elevated.
In addition, when steel reinforcement cage is longer, in order to ensure the movement of vertical muscle A2, following technical scheme can be adopted further to implement, as shown in Figure 1, welding equipment also comprises special operations mount pad 30, fixed mounting 10 is between special operations mount pad 30 and active mount 20, special operations mount pad 30 is provided with rotating shaft near the side of fixed mounting 10, the axle head of rotating shaft is provided with the 3rd rotating disk 31, 3rd rotating disk 31 offers the third through-hole passed for vertical muscle A2, third through-hole ringwise radial layout (third through-hole is provided with some circles on the 3rd rotating disk, and each circle third through-hole is arranged with core), the diameter of third through-hole is greater than the diameter of vertical muscle A2, first, two, three rotating disks are arranged with core, special operations mount pad 30 is arranged on the first slide rail 201, 9th driving mechanism orders about special operations mount pad 30 and moves, the movement of special operations mount pad 30 and active mount 20 is consistent, 9th driving mechanism can be consistent with the first driving mechanism, and both operations are consistent.Also at active mount 20 and fixed mounting 10 and can arrange some supporting seats between fixed mounting and special operations mount pad in addition, avoid the unsettled of steel reinforcement cage long spacing, the setting of supporting seat should meet and not have an impact to the translation of steel reinforcement cage and rotation.
Secondly, because the steel reinforcement cage volume welded is comparatively large, for the ease of the unloading of steel reinforcement cage, the present invention is also provided with the device for discharging 90 for being carried out unloading by the steel reinforcement cage welded between active mount with fixed mounting, as Figure 15, 16, shown in 17, device for discharging 90 comprises and is positioned at first below steel reinforcement cage, two supporting seats 91, first, two supporting seats 91 are oppositely arranged along the axially spaced-apart of steel reinforcement cage, and (first, two supporting seats 91 can be separately fixed at first, on two lifting platforms 92, first, two lifting platforms 92 can adopt cylinder to regulate it to be elevated), first, the upper end of two supporting seats 91 is provided with the curved support assembly for spacer bar cage, and the profile of curved support assembly is consistent with the outline of steel reinforcement cage bottom, and curved support assembly is by first, two arcuate members 93, 94 are formed, and first, two arcuate members 93, 94 are arranged symmetrically along the vertical guide at steel reinforcement cage heart yearn place, and first, two arcuate members 93, 94 mutually close one end consist of the tenth jointed shaft and are articulated and connected, and the tenth jointed shaft is parallel to steel reinforcement cage heart yearn and arranges, the first arcuate member 93 and first, two supporting seats 91 are fixedly connected with, and the second arcuate member 94 is connected with the tenth driving mechanism, and the tenth driving mechanism regulates arcuate member to be in two states, and one is: first, two arcuate members 93, 94 are arranged symmetrically the support level for spacer bar cage along the vertical guide at steel reinforcement cage heart yearn place, and it two is: what around the tenth jointed shaft, the second arcuate member 94 turned to that the unloading of below to steel reinforcement cage of the tenth jointed shaft dodge dodges position, the arranged outside of the second arcuate member 94 has travelling car 95, travelling car 95 moves along perpendicular to steel reinforcement cage heart yearn direction, travelling car 95 is provided with the guide face 951 for steel reinforcement cage discharging, guide face 951 is skewed layout along the direction of travel of travelling car 95, guide face 951 is a end near one end of the first arcuate member 93, guide face 951 is b end away from one end of the first arcuate member 93, and the height of a end is consistent with the height of the tenth jointed shaft and be greater than the height that b holds.The steel reinforcement cage that such welding is good is rolled by guide face 951 and unloads.First and second supporting seat 91 can be fixed or can be elevated, and when it is fixed, it may be used for the discharging of steel reinforcement cage, and can support steel reinforcement cage when welding, and prevents the unsettled of steel reinforcement cage large span.
Scheme is specifically, the concave surface of curved support assembly is provided with circular rib 931, the heart yearn direction that circular rib 931 is parallel to steel reinforcement cage is arranged, circular rib 931 is arranged along circumference interval on the concave surface of curved support assembly of steel reinforcement cage, the length of circular rib 931 is consistent with the length of curved support assembly, the thin bar construction of circle that circular rib 931 can be reinforcing bar or other materials.The two guide rail pole 95a that guide face 951 is arranged for relative tilt are formed, the cross section of guide rail pole 95a is circular, the angle of inclination in guide face 951 is 2 ~ 2.5 °, the bolster 96 for cushioning the rolling of steel reinforcement cage on guide face 951 is provided with between two guide rail pole 95a, bolster 96 is arranged along the length direction interval of guide rail pole 95a, bolster 96 is that rod member or plate are formed, bolster 96 is in tilted layout and incline direction is contrary with the incline direction in guide face 951, middle part and the travelling car 95 of bolster 96 are articulated and connected by the 11 jointed shaft, the heart yearn direction that 11 jointed shaft is parallel to steel reinforcement cage is arranged, the lower end of bolster 96 is connected with extension spring 98, the upper end that bolster 96 is ordered about in extension spring 98 protrudes from the top in guide face 951, be provided with between two guide rail pole 95a and spacing gag lever post 97 is carried out to the rotation of bolster 96, gag lever post 97 is positioned at the upside of bolster 96, gag lever post 97 is arranged perpendicular to guide rail pole 95a.Tenth driving mechanism can be that cylinder is formed, the cylinder body of cylinder and piston rod are articulated and connected with the second arcuate member respectively, and first and second arcuate member can be plate or rod member bending is welded.
During concrete operations, first and second supporting seat can be arranged between active mount 20 and second cross beam 70, first supporting seat is arranged between active mount 20 and the second supporting seat, first supporting seat and the first slide rail 201 form slide-and-guide along the heart yearn direction of steel reinforcement cage and are connected, 12 driving mechanism orders about the first supporting seat and moves, the outside of first and second supporting seat arranges travelling car respectively, travelling car 95 and cloth bracket 80 be placed in steel reinforcement cage two outside.
The concrete grammar adopting municipal works provided by the invention to carry out steel reinforcement cage welding with the welding equipment welded steel reinforcement cage is as follows:
Assemble steel ring, indulge muscle, around muscle: select the sleeve of corresponding size to be arranged on the first axle body 41 according to the size of steel reinforcement cage to be welded, 3rd position of driving mechanism to the first fixture 11A regulates, steel ring A1 arrangement is set on sleeve, then vertical muscle A2 is fixed through the first fixture and the 3rd rotating disk 31, the end of vertical muscle A2 extends to the outside of sleeve, to be fixed on cloth bracket 80 around muscle A3, preparation completes;
Or: select the jacket casing of corresponding size to be arranged on the first axle body 41 according to the size of steel reinforcement cage to be welded, the locating part choosing the size that adapts is arranged on the second axle body 111, then vertical muscle A2 is fixed through first and third rotating disk 11,31, the end of vertical muscle A2 extends to the outside of sleeve, to be fixed on cloth bracket 80 around muscle A3, preparation completes;
Welding between steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2: before a steel ring A1 starts welding, 3rd body of rod 46 is in working position, poking device moves to the side near outer tube 471, first rod for stiring materials 63 is in and convexly rises state, second rod for stiring materials 64 is in retracted state, the end of first rod for stiring materials 63 and the tube wall matched in clearance of outer tube 471, walking dolly 62 moves to the side away from the 3rd body of rod 46, until the material toggling end of first rod for stiring materials 63 and the steel ring A1 be set on sleeve lean (walking dolly 62 cannot continue mobile), now, second rod for stiring materials 64 is converted to the convex state that rises by retracted state and inserts between adjacent steel ring A1, first rod for stiring materials 63 transfers retracted state to by the convex state that rises, the moving direction of walking dolly 62 changes, move to the side near the 3rd body of rod 46, second rod for stiring materials 64 promotes first simultaneously, two rod for stiring materials 63, steel ring A1 between 64 moves, lean until steel ring A1 moves to the 3rd body of rod 46 being in working position, now start the first welding mechanism to weld between steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2, during welding, second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage and rotates, ensure that every root indulges muscle A2 and steel ring A1 reliably welds, during welded reinforcement circle A1 and vertical muscle A2, steel reinforcement cage does not carry out translation, after welding terminates, poking device is moved to the side away from sleeve, 3rd body of rod 46 is transferred to by working position dodges position, steel reinforcement cage carries out translation, when the distance of steel reinforcement cage translation reaches the spacing between two steel rings, repetition aforesaid operations carries out the welding next time between steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2, so repeatedly, when welding between steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2, deviation correction mechanism is in dodges position,
Welding between muscle A3 and vertical muscle A2: when first the steel ring A1 welded moves to deviation correcting device place, end around muscle A3 is bent into the weld that hook is fixed on steel ring A1 and vertical muscle A2, start the second fixture, quarter butt 57 is made to be in working position, be wrapped on vertical muscle A2 around muscle A3, start deviation correction mechanism make its be in correction position rectify a deviation for opposing connection muscle A3, rectified a deviation between rear startup second welding mechanism opposing connection muscle and vertical muscle and welded; Welding terminates rear deviation correction mechanism and returns back to and dodge position, first and second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage to carry out rotating and translation, when moving to next pad around muscle and vertical muscle, repeating aforesaid operations and carrying out next time around the welding between muscle A3 and vertical muscle A2, so repeatedly; In time welding between muscle A3 and vertical muscle A2, poking device is in dodges position.
Welding between a steel ring A1 and each vertical muscle A2 terminates rear execution around the welding between muscle A3 and vertical muscle A2; Perform when welding between muscle A3 and vertical muscle A2, if when the translation distance of steel reinforcement cage reaches the spacing preset between two steel ring A1, then perform the welding between steel ring A1 and each vertical muscle A2, repetition like this, until the welding of whole steel reinforcement cage is complete, uses cutting device to block vertical muscle A2 after welding;
The unloading of steel reinforcement cage: during steel reinforcement cage welding, the second arcuate member is in support level, 12 driving mechanism orders about the first supporting seat along with the movement of steel reinforcement cage and moves, after steel reinforcement cage welding terminates, first supporting seat stops mobile, regulate quarter butt to be in and dodge position, first driving mechanism orders about active mount and continues mobile until the second fixture departs from completely from steel reinforcement cage, regulate travelling car to moving near steel reinforcement cage side until a end in guide face and the corresponding layout of the tenth jointed shaft, tenth driving mechanism regulates the second arcuate member to be in and dodges position, steel reinforcement cage rolls from guide face 951 and unloads, unloading terminates rear each device and restPoses, carry out the welding of next steel reinforcement cage.During discharging, two travelling cars 95 are between two second arcuate members, and two travelling cars 95 are arranged along the interval, heart yearn direction of steel reinforcement cage.
The municipal works provided by the invention welding equipment welded steel reinforcement cage, it can realize the rapid automatized welding to steel reinforcement cage.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; to know in the present invention after contents; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some equal conversion to it and substitute, these convert on an equal basis and substitute and also should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. be convenient to a welding method for concrete pipe base steel reinforcement cage unloading, comprise following operation:
Assemble steel ring, indulge muscle, around muscle: select the sleeve of corresponding size to be arranged on the first axle body according to the size of steel reinforcement cage to be welded, 3rd position of driving mechanism to the first fixture regulates, steel ring arrangement is set on sleeve, then vertical muscle is fixed through the first fixture and the 3rd rotating disk, the end of vertical muscle extends to the outside of sleeve, to be fixed on cloth bracket around muscle, preparation completes;
Welding between steel ring and vertical muscle: before a steel ring starts welding, 3rd body of rod is in working position, poking device moves to the side near outer tube, first rod for stiring materials is in and convexly rises state, second rod for stiring materials is in retracted state, the end of first rod for stiring materials and the tube wall matched in clearance of outer tube, walking dolly moves to the side away from the 3rd body of rod, until the material toggling end of first rod for stiring materials and the steel ring be set on sleeve lean, now, second rod for stiring materials is converted to the convex state that rises by retracted state and inserts between adjacent steel ring, first rod for stiring materials transfers retracted state to by the convex state that rises, the moving direction of walking dolly changes, move to the side near the 3rd body of rod, second rod for stiring materials promotes first simultaneously, steel ring between two rod for stiring materials moves, lean until steel ring moves to the 3rd body of rod being in working position, now start the first welding mechanism to weld between steel ring and vertical muscle, during welding, second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage and rotates, ensure that every root indulges muscle and steel ring all reliably welds, when welded reinforcement circle and vertical muscle, steel reinforcement cage does not carry out translation, after welding terminates, poking device is moved to the side away from sleeve, 3rd body of rod is transferred to by working position dodges position, steel reinforcement cage carries out translation, when the distance of steel reinforcement cage translation reaches the spacing between two steel rings, repetition aforesaid operations carries out the welding next time between steel ring and vertical muscle, so repeatedly, when welding between steel ring and vertical muscle, deviation correction mechanism is in dodges position,
Welding between muscle and vertical muscle: when first steel ring welded moves to deviation correcting device place, end around muscle is bent into the weld that hook is fixed on steel ring and vertical muscle, start the second fixture, quarter butt is made to be in working position, be wrapped on vertical muscle around muscle, start deviation correction mechanism make its be in correction position rectify a deviation for opposing connection muscle, rectified a deviation between rear startup second welding mechanism opposing connection muscle and vertical muscle and welded; Welding terminates rear deviation correction mechanism and returns back to and dodge position, and first and second driving mechanism orders about steel reinforcement cage to carry out rotating and translation, when moving to next pad around muscle and vertical muscle, repeating aforesaid operations and carrying out next time around the welding between muscle and vertical muscle, so repeatedly; In time welding between muscle and vertical muscle, poking device is in dodges position;
Welding between a steel ring and each vertical muscle terminates rear execution around the welding between muscle and vertical muscle; Perform when welding between muscle and vertical muscle, if when the translation distance of steel reinforcement cage reaches the spacing preset between two steel rings, then perform the welding between steel ring and each vertical muscle, so repeat, until the welding of whole steel reinforcement cage is complete, after welding, to use cutting device to block vertical muscle;
The unloading of steel reinforcement cage: during steel reinforcement cage welding, the second arcuate member is in support level, 12 driving mechanism orders about the first supporting seat along with the movement of steel reinforcement cage and moves, after steel reinforcement cage welding terminates, first supporting seat stops mobile, regulate quarter butt to be in and dodge position, first driving mechanism orders about active mount and continues mobile until the second fixture departs from completely from steel reinforcement cage, regulate travelling car to moving near steel reinforcement cage side until a end in guide face and the corresponding layout of the tenth jointed shaft, tenth driving mechanism regulates the second arcuate member to be in and dodges position, steel reinforcement cage rolls from guide face and unloads, unloading terminates rear each device and restPoses, carry out the welding of next steel reinforcement cage.
CN201510468425.XA 2015-07-29 2015-07-29 Welding method for conveniently unloading steel bar cage for concrete pile foundation Pending CN105195911A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107649806A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 国家电网公司 Electric pole welds aid and device

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CN103273232A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-04 建科机械(天津)股份有限公司 Novel automatic welding device of reinforcing cage forming machine
CN104002034A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 建科机械(天津)股份有限公司 Double-welding mechanism of reinforcement cage seam welder
CN104493020A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-08 建科机械(天津)股份有限公司 Moulding stirrup pushing device of square steel reinforcement cage moulding machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101602139A (en) * 2009-03-09 2009-12-16 凌德祥 A kind of float electrode of sliding welding machine
CN102145433A (en) * 2010-02-09 2011-08-10 江苏邦威机械制造有限公司 Longitudinal bar conveying mechanism of rolling welding machine
CN102505681A (en) * 2011-10-11 2012-06-20 刘桂生 Device for manufacturing reinforcing cage
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CN107649806A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 国家电网公司 Electric pole welds aid and device

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Application publication date: 20151230