CN105193518A - Light source modifying accessory for thoroughly removing reflected light of tooth surface - Google Patents

Light source modifying accessory for thoroughly removing reflected light of tooth surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105193518A
CN105193518A CN 201510662772 CN201510662772A CN105193518A CN 105193518 A CN105193518 A CN 105193518A CN 201510662772 CN201510662772 CN 201510662772 CN 201510662772 A CN201510662772 A CN 201510662772A CN 105193518 A CN105193518 A CN 105193518A
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light source
hole
window
tooth surface
modified
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CN 201510662772
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Chinese (zh)
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范翌
黄莞
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范翌
黄莞
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Abstract

The invention discloses a light source modifying accessory for thoroughly removing reflected light of a tooth surface. The light source modifying accessory is a flat plate of which the transmittance is 0%; a first through hole and a second through hole are formed in the flat plate; polarization films are arranged in the two through holes; the polarization angles of the polarization films in the through holes are 90 degrees; one through hole is taken as an observation window; the other through hole is taken as a light source modifying window; and the light source modifying window is used for filtering a ray, so that the reflected light of the tooth surface is thoroughly removed. Compared with the prior art, the light source modifying accessory can meet the requirements of a clinician for observing the tooth surface free of the reflected light with naked eyes at any time, is convenient to use, can be used as a photographic accessory, and is free of requirements on a camera and a light source, and relatively wide in use. Meanwhile, the identification and restoration accuracy on the tooth color by the clinician is improved no matter that the light source modifying accessory is in a naked eye observation process or a picture shooting process.

Description

一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件 A light source for a modified aids eliminate tooth surface reflective

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于摄影照明技术领域,涉及一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of photography lighting, relates to a method for the complete elimination of secondary light source modified tooth surface reflective member.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]日常生活中反光无处不在,分镜面反光和非镜面反光。 [0002] Reflective everywhere in daily life, and non-specular reflective sub-reflecting mirror. 镜面反光存在于光滑物体表面,是光源或环境中其他高亮物体在物体上的反射。 Specularly reflecting object is present in the smooth surface, or a light reflective environments or other highlighting objects on the object. 非镜面反光形成的因素则更加复杂,在自然光条件下且不运用滤镜的前提下,非镜面反光是普遍存在且无法彻底消除的。 Non-specular reflective elements is more complex form, the premise under natural light conditions without the use of filters, non-specular reflecting a ubiquitous and can not be completely eliminated. 在摄影领域会使用偏振滤镜减弱或消除拍摄主体上的非镜面反光,但偏振滤镜的传统使用方法无法消除光源的镜面反光。 Will be used in the field of photographic polarizing filters reduce or eliminate non-specular reflecting on the subject, but the traditional use of a polarizing filter can not eliminate the source of the reflecting mirror.

[0003] 牙科特别是修复学专科医生需要通过照片与义齿技师和/或患者沟通颜色信息。 [0003] In particular dental prosthetics specialist needs through photographs and denture technician and / or patient to communicate color information. 天然牙齿表面的牙釉质在拍摄中会同时表现出镜面反光和非镜面反光,两种反光都会影响到对牙本质颜色的判断。 Natural tooth enamel surface in shooting simultaneously exhibit specularly reflecting and non-reflecting mirror, reflecting two kinds of judgment will affect dentin color. 此外牙本质发育叶、指状突等个性化结构在去除牙釉质反光后能更好地展现出来,便于技师模仿和复制天然牙的牙本质个性化特质。 Further dentin leaf development, and other personalized fingers projecting structure after removal of the reflective enamel better show up, easy to imitate technicians dentin Personality in and copy the natural teeth. 此外使用合成树脂进行牙体分层修复的治疗过程也受益于反光的彻底消除,树脂材料的颜色选择会更准确。 Further treatment using a synthetic resin tooth restoration also benefit from stratified eliminate reflective, color of the resin material would be more accurate selection.

[0004] 现在可以通过追加在传统微距闪光灯前方的光源修饰附件获得上述效果。 [0004] Now the above effect can be obtained by adding in front of the light source modified conventional macro flash attachments. 这种方式的缺点首先是需要依赖传统微距闪光灯,但是随着美学牙科的发展此类传统微距闪光灯光源已不能满足美学牙科摄影的需要。 The disadvantage of this approach is first of all need to rely on traditional macro flash, but with the development of aesthetic dentistry such traditional macro flash light sources can not meet the needs of dental aesthetics of photography. 其次此类光源修饰附件的安装过程存在技术敏感性,超过3°角度误差就会使画面的反光消除不彻底。 Second, the presence of such a light source installation accessories modified technique sensitivity more than 3 ° angular error will make completely eliminate reflective screen. 治疗过程中反复拍摄照片会降低效率,使用仅需肉眼即可观察到无反光牙面的辅件将极大提高修复治疗效率和比色成功率。 The course of treatment will reduce the efficiency of repeatedly taking pictures, using only the naked eye can be observed accessories non-reflective surface of the tooth restoration will greatly improve the efficiency of treatment and colorimetric success rate.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是针对上述技术的不足,提供一种彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件。 [0005] The object of the present invention is insufficient for the above techniques, to provide a modified secondary member eliminate light reflective surface of the tooth. 该辅件可通过肉眼直接观察到无反光牙面,使用同一个附件还可以不依赖传统微距闪光灯记录无反光的牙科闪光灯照片。 The accessory can be visually observed directly through the non-reflective surface of the tooth, use the same attachment can not rely on a conventional non-reflective recording macro flash dental photo flash.

[0006] 本发明光源修饰辅件为透光度为O %的平板,在平板上开有第一通孔和第二通孔,且两通孔内均设有偏振膜;两通孔上偏振膜的偏振夹角为90°。 [0006] The light source is a modification of the present invention aids O% transmittance of the plate, the plate is opened in the first through hole and second through holes, and the through hole has two polarizing films; polarizing the two through holes polarizing film is the angle of 90 °. 其中一个通孔作为观察窗,另一个通孔作为光源修饰窗,该光源修饰窗用于过滤光线,使得临床医生通过观察窗观察到的牙齿表面反光被彻底消除。 Wherein the observation window as a through hole, the through-hole of another modified window as the light source, the light source is modified window for filtering light such that the tooth surface clinician observed through the observation window reflector is completely eliminated. 试验证明临床医生从观察窗检视被修饰窗滤过光线照射的牙齿表面,可见反光被彻底消除。 Test showed the clinician to view the tooth surface of the window is modified filtered light emitted from the observation window, the visible light reflecting was completely eliminated.

[0007] 本发明光源修饰辅件在使用时,可直接通过观察窗肉眼观察,也可将镜头置于观察窗后、闪光灯灯头置于光源修饰窗后拍摄照片,作为优选闪光灯灯头与光源修饰窗的间距^ 0.5mm ; [0007] After the modified source aids in use of the present invention can be directly visually observed through the observation window, the lens may be placed in the observation window, after flash lamp light source disposed modified photographs window, preferably a window flash head with a modified light source pitch ^ 0.5mm;

[0008] 当肉眼观察时,所述的观察窗的大小尺寸大于或等于患者完整的上下牙列。 [0008] When visually observed, the observation window size greater than or equal to the size of the patient's upper and lower dentition complete.

[0009] 采用闪光灯拍摄时,所述的观察窗的大小尺寸大于或等于镜头的螺纹滤镜口径。 When [0009] the flash is, the viewing window size greater than or equal to the size of the aperture of the lens filter thread.

[0010] 进一步地,若第一通孔的大小尺寸大于或等于患者完整的上下牙列,第二通孔的大于或等于镜头的螺纹滤镜口径时,本发明光源修饰辅件在肉眼观察时采用第一通孔作为观察窗,第二通孔作为光源修饰窗;在闪光灯拍摄时,第二通孔作为观察窗,第一通孔作为光源修饰窗。 When [0010] Further, if the first through hole of a size greater than or equal to the size of the patient and down the complete dentition, the second through hole is equal to or greater than the filter diameter threaded lens, the light source of the present invention, the modified secondary member gross observation using the observation window as the first through hole, the second through-hole as a light source window modification; flash when shooting, the second through-hole as the observation window, the first through-hole as a light source modification window.

[0011] 进一步地,本发明光源修饰辅件观察窗与光源修饰窗的距离越近,肉眼观察便利度越高。 [0011] Furthermore, the closer the light source and the observation window modified modified window accessories present invention, the higher degree of convenience visually observed.

[0012] 进一步地,肉眼观察时,光源从患者6点钟方向照射时,临床医生可从患者9点〜13点钟方向观察到反光被完全消除的牙齿表面。 [0012] Furthermore, when visually observed, when the light source from the 6 o'clock direction of the patient, the clinician may observe from 9:00 ~ 13 o'clock direction of the patient to the tooth surface of the reflector is completely eliminated.

[0013] 本发明的有益效果: [0013] Advantageous effects of the invention:

[0014] 与现有技术相比,本发明满足临床医生随时用肉眼观察无反光牙齿表面的需求,使用方便。 [0014] Compared with the prior art, the present invention satisfies the needs of clinicians observed at any non-reflective surface of the tooth, with the naked eye and easy to use. 本发明也能作为摄影辅件,对相机和光源无要求,使用更加广泛。 The present invention can also be used as auxiliaries photography, the camera and light source is not required, the use of more widely. 同时本发明装置不管在肉眼观察还是照片拍摄过程中,使临床医生对牙齿颜色的辨识与还原的精确度提尚O Meanwhile apparatus of the present invention is observed regardless of the photo shooting in the eye, so that the accuracy of clinician identification of tooth color and still provide reduced O

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1为本发明结构示意图,其中I为第一通孔,2为第二通孔; [0015] Fig 1 a schematic view of the structure of the present invention, where I is a first through hole, a second through-hole 2;

[0016] 图2(a)为采用传统微距闪光灯拍摄镜面反射控制到牙齿两侧的牙齿照片,图 [0016] FIG. 2 (a) is a conventional mirror reflection control macro flash photography to photograph the teeth on both sides of the tooth, FIG.

2 (b)为使用本发明光源修饰辅件拍摄的牙齿照片。 2 (b) to photograph the teeth using a light source of the present invention aids a modified shot.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 下面结合附图对本发明做进一步的分析。 [0017] The present invention will be further analyzed in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0018] 本实施例针对的患者背景如下:女性,30岁,前牙区美学修复治疗的是右上中切牙(在之后的描述中以X代称),目标是与左上中切牙(在之后的描述中以Y代称)在颜色和形态等方面尽量一致。 Background Patients [0018] Example for the present embodiment is as follows: female, 30 years old, aesthetic restoration of anterior zone treatment is right maxillary central incisor (referred to in the generation of X described later), the goal is to the upper left central incisor (after Y referred to the description generation) as consistent as possible in terms of color and morphology. 初次治疗后发现X义齿修复体的颜色形态与对照天然牙Y存在差异,需要向技师传达正确的颜色信息来进行义齿修复体的二次制作,以便得到与患者的天然牙颜色更加接近的义齿修复体。 After the initial treatment Morphologic and found the color of natural teeth denture prosthesis X Y differ, it is necessary to produce a secondary denture prosthesis to convey the correct color information to the technician, in order to obtain the natural tooth color of a patient's denture closer body.

[0019] 本实施例所采用的光源修饰辅件如图1所示,为透光度为O %的平板,在平板上开有第一通孔I和第二通孔2,且两通孔内均设有偏振膜;两通孔上偏振膜的偏振夹角为90° ;其中第一通孔的尺寸为长65mm、宽45mm(患者完整的上下牙列正好落入该尺寸内),第二通孔的尺寸为长65mm、宽65mm(本实施例所采用相机镜头的螺纹滤镜口径正好落入该尺寸内)。 Auxiliary source modification [0019] The present embodiment used in Example 1, O% for the transmittance of the plate, a first through hole is opened and I 2 in the second plate through hole, and two through holes has the polarizing film; polarization angle on both the through hole of the polarizing film was 90 °; wherein the dimensions of the first through hole length 65mm, width of 45mm (vertical full dentition patient falls exactly within the size), the two through holes dimensions of 65mm length, 65mm width (the present embodiment of the camera lens filter diameter thread just falls in this size used in Example).

[0020] 实施例1: [0020] Example 1:

[0021] 初次治疗时临床医生在不使用任何辅助工具进行肉眼观察时,因牙釉质表面存在反光遮挡了釉质下方的牙本质颜色,医生技师和患者对颜色的判定与仪器测量误差较大,导致初次制作的X修复体戴入口腔后比对照天然牙明显显暗。 [0021] First clinicians do not use any auxiliary tools visually observed, due to the presence of the reflective surface of the enamel dentin obscured beneath the enamel color treatment, patient and physician technician determines the color measurement instrument error is larger, resulting in initial production of X-tooth restoration obviously worn significantly darker than the control after the inlet. 在二次治疗时临床医生通过本实施例上述光源修饰辅件观察,即通过第一通孔作为观察窗,第二通孔作为光源修饰窗,明显观察到初次制作的X修复体与天然牙Y存在色差的原因是X修复体使用的牙本质材料颜色偏深。 Clinician present embodiment the light source when viewed aids modified secondary treatment, i.e., through the first through-hole as the observation window, the second through hole as a light source window modification, production clearly observed first prosthesis and natural teeth X Y reason for the existence of a color restoration dentin color of the material used for X darker. 由此证明使用该光源修饰辅件肉眼观察,临床医生对牙本质颜色的把握更加精确。 Whereby the light source is that the use of a modified secondary member was visually observed, the clinician to grasp more precise color on dentin.

[0022] 实施例2: [0022] Example 2:

[0023] 使用本实施例上述光源修饰辅件进行偏振光摄影时,仅需使用相机内置闪光灯,对相机没有其他硬件要求。 When [0023] using the modified embodiment of the light source of the present embodiment will be polarized aid photography, the camera need only use built-in flash, the camera requires no additional hardware.

[0024] 步骤1、使用传统微距闪光灯对制作的X义齿修复体、天然牙Y、比色片进行拍摄,即使能将镜面反射有效地控制到牙齿两侧边缘附近,牙釉质表面的非镜面反射依旧会影响对牙本质的颜色和个性化形态做出准确判断,依然无法对初次制作的X义齿修复体做进一步准确修改(如图2(a)所示)。 [0024] Step 1, using conventional macro flash X denture prosthesis to the production of natural teeth Y, shooting color sheet, even if the specular reflection can be effectively controlled to the vicinity of both side edges of the teeth, the enamel surface is non-specular reflection still make accurate judgments will affect the color and personalized form dentin, still can not make the initial X-denture prosthesis further accurately modify (Figure 2 (a) below).

[0025] 步骤2、使用本发明上述光源修饰辅件将制作的X义齿修复体、天然牙Y、比色片进行拍摄,即通过第二通孔作为观察窗,第一通孔作为光源修饰窗,将镜头置于观察窗后、闪光灯灯头置于光源修饰窗后,最终拍摄得到的照片如图2 (b)。 [0025] Step 2, using the light source of the present invention, the modified secondary member made X denture restorations, natural teeth Y, shooting color sheet, i.e., the second through hole through an observation window, a first through-hole as a light source window modification after the lens to the observation window, the flash lamp light source disposed modified window, the final photo photographed FIG 2 (b). 临床医生明显观察到初次制作的X修复体与天然牙Y存在色差的原因是X修复体使用的牙本质材料颜色偏深。 Clinicians clearly observed initial production reasons - Tooth restoration X Y color difference is the presence of dentin color of the material used for restoration X darker. 由此证明使用该光源修饰辅件进行拍摄,临床医生对牙本质颜色的把握更加精确。 Whereby the light source is that the use of a modified secondary member shooting, the clinician to grasp more precise color on dentin.

[0026] 上述实施例并非是对于本发明的限制,本发明并非仅限于上述实施例,只要符合本发明要求,均属于本发明的保护范围。 [0026] The above-described embodiments are not limiting for the present invention, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, provided that they meet the requirements of the present invention, all fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件,其特征在于该光源修饰辅件为透光度为O %的平板,在平板上开有第一通孔和第二通孔,且两通孔内均设有偏振膜,两通孔上偏振膜的偏振夹角为90° ;其中第一通孔的大小尺寸大于或等于患者完整的上下牙列,第二通孔的大小尺寸大于或等于镜头的螺纹滤镜口径;该光源修饰辅件可用于临床医生直接肉眼观察患者牙列,同时可用于闪光灯拍摄患者牙列照片; 在肉眼观察时采用第一通孔作为观察窗,第二通孔作为光源修饰窗;在闪光灯拍摄时采用第二通孔作为观察窗,第一通孔作为光源修饰窗。 1. A method for the complete elimination of the tooth surface reflective light source modified secondary member, characterized in that the light source is modified accessory O% transmittance of the plate, the plate is opened in the first through hole and second through holes, and the through hole has two polarizing films, polarizing angle of the polarizing film on both the through hole is 90 °; wherein the first through hole sizes larger than or equal to the patient's upper and lower dentition complete, the second through hole sizes greater than or equal to a threaded filter diameter of the lens; the source modification aids the clinician may be used directly visually observed in patients dentition, flash photography can be used to simultaneously photograph the patient's dentition; using a first through hole at the time was visually observed as the observation window, the first two through holes as a modification of the light source window; with a second through hole in the flash when shooting an observation window, a first through-hole as a light source modification window.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的摄影照明装置,其特征在于光源修饰辅件在肉眼观察使用时,可直接通过观察窗用肉眼观察。 As claimed in claim 1, for a total elimination of the photographic lighting apparatus of the reflective surface of the tooth, characterized in that the light source modification aids the naked eye when used, can be directly observed through the observation window with the naked eye.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件,其特征在于光源修饰辅件在闪光灯拍摄使用时,相机镜头置于观察窗后、闪光灯灯头置于光源修饰窗后拍摄照片,此时记录的闪光灯照片中牙齿表面没有反光。 3. as claimed in claim 1 for the complete elimination of secondary light source modified tooth surface reflective element, characterized in that the light source used when shooting modification aids the flash, the camera lens to the observation window, a flash lamp light source disposed after modifying the window taking pictures, flash photo tooth surface at this time there is no record of reflection.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件,其特征在于所述的光源修饰窗与闪光灯灯头的间距多0.5mm。 As claimed in claim 3, for the total elimination of modified light reflective aids tooth surface, wherein said light source window and the modified multiple flash head pitch 0.5mm.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件,其特征在于观察窗与光源修饰窗的距离越近,肉眼观察便利度越高。 As claimed in claim 1 for the complete elimination of secondary light source modified tooth surface reflective element, characterized in that the closer the observation window and the modified source window, the higher the degree of convenience visually observed.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种用于彻底消除牙齿表面反光的光源修饰辅件,其特征在于肉眼观察时,光源从患者6点钟方向照射时,临床医生可从患者9点〜13点钟方向观察到反光被完全消除的牙齿表面。 As claimed in claim 1 for the complete elimination of secondary light source modified tooth surface reflective member, wherein when the visual observation, when the light source from the 6 o'clock direction of the patient, the clinician from the patient 9:00 ~ 13 o'clock direction to the tooth surface was observed to be retroreflective completely eliminated.
CN 201510662772 2015-10-14 2015-10-14 Light source modifying accessory for thoroughly removing reflected light of tooth surface CN105193518A (en)

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CN87203786U (en) * 1987-03-15 1988-08-03 诸声商 Suspended reflector of eliminating dizziness for drive
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