CN105185243A - Display substrate, display device and display method - Google Patents

Display substrate, display device and display method Download PDF

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CN105185243A
CN105185243A CN 201510670951 CN201510670951A CN105185243A CN 105185243 A CN105185243 A CN 105185243A CN 201510670951 CN201510670951 CN 201510670951 CN 201510670951 A CN201510670951 A CN 201510670951A CN 105185243 A CN105185243 A CN 105185243A
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display
substrate
invention
displaying
pixel
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CN 201510670951
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105185243B (en )
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王尚
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京东方科技集团股份有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • G09F9/37Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements being movable elements

Abstract

The invention provides a display substrate, a display device and a display method, belongs to the technical field of display, and solves the problem that the conventional MEMS is low-pixel, narrow in the displayed gray scale variation range, and not exquisite in the displaying effect. In the display substrate, a plurality of diaphragms which are different in color are connected onto a stent of a pixel, overlapped diagrams can be controlled independently to move in the direction parallel to the underlayer, which allows a pixel to produce colored light; besides, by controlling the displacement of each diaphragm through a control module, gray scale variation is realized, and high color gamut and low energy consumption are realized. According to the display substrate, provided by the invention, when pixels need to be brightest when displaying, the pixels can allow lights to penetrate through without shading, the transmittance can allow the light energy of a backlight to be better utilized, and the displaying effect is exquisite; the display substrate provided by the invention is suitable for various display devices.

Description

一种显示基板、显示装置和显示方法 A display board, a display apparatus and a display method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于显示技术领域,具体涉及一种显示基板、显示装 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of display, particularly to a display substrate, a display device

[0002] 置和显示方法。 [0002] The display apparatus and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003]目前,微机电系统(MEMS)的像素结构如图1所示,每个子像素上方都会设置一个挡光片10,挡光片10能够在导轨20上移动,其以平行错位的方式控制下方的像素区域中红绿蓝子像素的透光,从而改变屏幕的发光。 [0003] Currently, a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) pixel structure shown in Figure 1, each sub-pixel are disposed above a light blocking plate 10, the light blocking plate 10 can be moved on the guide rail 20, which is controlled in a parallel offset the red, green and blue sub-pixel region below the light, thereby changing the luminescent screen.

[0004] 发明人发现现有技术中至少存在如下问题:阵列设置红绿蓝子像素,像素较低,这使得屏幕的显示灰阶变化范围过小,显示效果不够细腻。 [0004] The inventors have found that at least the following problems in the prior art: an array of red, green and blue sub-pixels is provided, lower pixel, which makes a display screen gray scale range is too small, not enough detail display.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明针对现有的MEMS像素低,显示灰阶变化范围过小,显示效果不细腻的问题,提供一种显示基板、显示装置和显示方法。 [0005] The present invention is directed to a conventional low MEMS pixels, the grayscale display range is too small, the effect is not displayed delicate problem, there is provided a display substrate, a display apparatus and a display method.

[0006] 解决本发明技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0006] Solving the problem of the invention is used:

[0007] —种显示基板,包括衬底,形成在该衬底上的多个微机电系统像素结构,每一所述微机电系统像素结构包括: [0007] - species display substrate comprising a substrate, a plurality of micro-electromechanical systems pixel structure on the substrate, each of the MEMS pixel structure comprising:

[0008] 支架,所述支架上连接有多个膜片,所述多个膜片中包括至少两种不同颜色的彩色膜片; [0008] a bracket connecting a plurality of diaphragms, a plurality of diaphragms includes a color patch of at least two different colors;

[0009] 控制模组,用于驱动每个膜片在平行于衬底的方向上移动。 [0009] Control module for each driving movement of the diaphragm in a direction parallel to the substrate.

[0010] 优选的,所述相邻的两个支架控制各自的膜片相向移动,以控制两个支架之间的像素显示灰阶。 [0010] Preferably, the two adjacent stents control the respective movement toward the diaphragm, to control the pixels between the two stents display grayscale.

[0011] 优选的,所述控制模组包括: [0011] Preferably, the control module comprises:

[0012] 多个步进电机,每个步进电机与至少一个膜片连接; [0012] a plurality of stepping motors, each stepping motor is connected to at least one membrane;

[0013] 驱动电路,用于控制所述步进电机工作。 [0013] The driving circuit for controlling the stepping motor operates.

[0014] 优选的,所述多个膜片还包括至少一个遮光膜片和/或至少一个反光膜片。 [0014] Preferably, the film further comprises at least a plurality of light-shielding film and / or at least one retroreflective sheeting.

[0015] 优选的,所述彩色膜片选自量子点膜片或荧光膜片。 [0015] Preferably, the colored membrane or film is selected from fluorescence quantum dot film.

[0016] 优选的,所述膜片在其移动的方向上的宽度大于相邻两个支架的距离,所述支架内包括一个红色量子点膜片、一个绿色量子点膜片以及一个反光膜片。 [0016] Preferably, the membrane width in the direction of movement thereof is greater than the distance of two adjacent brackets, said brackets comprising a red quantum dot diaphragm, a diaphragm and a green quantum dot retroreflective sheeting .

[0017] 本发明还公开一种显示装置,包括背光模组,所述背光模组出光侧设有上述的显不基板。 [0017] The present invention also discloses a display device comprising a backlight module, a backlight module is provided with the light exit side of the substrate is not significant.

[0018] 优选的,所述背光模组发蓝光。 [0018] Preferably, the backlight module emits blue light.

[0019] 本发明还公开一种显示方法,采用上述的显示装置,其中,所述显示方法包括:控制模组控制所述支架内的每个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示所述显示装置显示灰阶。 [0019] The present invention also discloses a display method using the display device described above, wherein the display method comprising: a control module controls the display parallel to the direction of displacement of the substrate holder to each of the inner membrane It instructs the display device to display gray scale.

[0020] 优选的,所述驱动电路给所述步进电机提供控制信号,所述步进电机根据控制信号控制所述支架内多个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示显示灰阶。 [0020] Preferably, the drive circuit to provide a control signal to the stepping motor, the stepping motor according to the control signal of the stent parallel to the display in the plurality of diaphragm displacement in the direction of the substrate to instruct the display gray scale.

[0021] 优选的,所述红色量子点膜片与绿色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最小,所述反光膜片或遮光膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素呈暗态。 [0021] Preferably, the membrane of the red and green quantum dots quantum dots to the support membrane with the minimum displacement, the reflecting film or light shielding film holder with respect to the maximum displacement, the pixels are dark state.

[0022] 优选的,所述红色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素发红光。 [0022] Preferably, the maximum red quantum dot diaphragm displacement relative to the holder, the red pixel.

[0023] 优选的,所述绿色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素发绿光。 [0023] Preferably, the maximum displacement of the stent relative to the green quantum dot film, the pixel emits green light.

[0024] 优选的,所述膜片相对于支架位移均为最小时,该像素发蓝光。 [0024] Preferably, the diaphragm is displaced relative to the support are minimum, the pixel emits blue light.

[0025] 本发明的显示基板中,一个像素的支架上连接有多个不同颜色的膜片,通过独立控制叠置的膜片沿平行于衬底的方向上移动,使得一个像素可以发出彩色的光,控制模组通过控制每个膜片的位移,实现灰阶变化,实现高色域、低功耗。 [0025] The display substrate of the present invention, a plurality of different colors are connected to a pixel on the diaphragm holder, by independently controlling membrane laminated direction parallel to the moving direction of the substrate, so that a pixel may emit colored light, through the control module controlling the displacement of each of the diaphragms, to achieve gray scale change, high color gamut, low power consumption. 本发明的显示基板,当像素需要最亮显示的时候,像素可以实现几乎无遮挡的光透过,此种透过率可以更好地对背光的光能量实现利用,且显示效果细腻。 The display substrate of the present invention, when the need to brightest pixel display, the pixel can be realized with almost no blocking of light transmission, such permeability may be better to use light energy to achieve a backlight, and display fine. 本发明的显示基板适用于各种显示装置。 The display substrate of the present invention is applicable to various display devices.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 图1为现有的MEMS显不基板的结构不意图; [0026] FIG. 1 is a conventional MEMS structure is not significant not intended substrate;

[0027] 图2为本发明的实施例2的显示基板的结构示意图; The display substrate structure of the second embodiment [0027] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0028] 图3为本发明的实施例2的显不基板发绿光不意图; Example 2 is significantly [0028] FIG 3 is not a substrate of the present invention is not intended to emit green light;

[0029] 图4为本发明的实施例2的显示基板发红光示意图; The display substrate of Example 2 [0029] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the invention is red;

[0030] 图5为本发明的实施例2的显不基板的暗态不意图; Dark state is not significant Example 2 substrates embodiment [0030] FIG. 5 of the present invention is not intended;

[0031] 图6为本发明的实施例2的显不基板发一种白光不意图; [0031] FIG 6 Example 2 of the present invention is substantially made of one kind of embodiment is not white not intended substrate;

[0032] 图7为本发明的实施例2的显不基板发另一种白光不意图; Example 2 is significantly [0032] FIG. 7 of the present invention are not a substrate made of another white light is not intended;

[0033] 图8为本发明的实施例2的显示基板发不同灰阶发光示意图; The display substrate of Example 2 [0033] FIG. 8 of the present invention, a schematic view of a light emitting different gray hair;

[0034] 其中,附图标记为:10、挡光片;20、导轨;1、衬底;2、支架;21、反蓝光膜片;22、绿色量子点膜片;23、红色量子点膜片;3、控制模组。 [0034] wherein, reference number: 10, a light blocking plate; 20, guide rails; 1, substrate; 2, stent; 21, anti-blue diaphragm; 22, green quantum dot diaphragm; 23, red quantum dot film sheet; 3, control module.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0035] 为使本领域技术人员更好地理解本发明的技术方案,下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述。 [0035] In order that those skilled in the art better understand the technical solutions of the present invention, the following accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0036] 实施例1: [0036] Example 1:

[0037] 本实施例提供一种显示基板,包括衬底,形成在该衬底上的多个MEMS像素结构,每一所述MEMS像素结构包括: [0037] The present embodiment provides a display substrate, comprising a substrate, is formed on the substrate structure of a plurality of MEMS pixels, each pixel of the MEMS structure comprising:

[0038] 支架,所述支架上连接有多个膜片,所述多个膜片中包括至少两种不同颜色的彩色膜片; [0038] a bracket connecting a plurality of diaphragms, a plurality of diaphragms includes a color patch of at least two different colors;

[0039] 控制模组,用于驱动每个膜片在平行于衬底的方向上移动。 [0039] Control module for each driving movement of the diaphragm in a direction parallel to the substrate.

[0040] 本实施例的显示基板中,一个像素的支架上连接有多个不同颜色的膜片,通过独立控制叠置的膜片沿平行于衬底的方向上移动,使得一个像素可以发出彩色的光,控制模组通过控制每个膜片的位移,实现灰阶变化,实现高色域、低功耗。 [0040] The display substrate of the present embodiment, a plurality of different colors are connected to a pixel on the diaphragm bracket, superimposed by independently controlling the movement of the diaphragm in a direction parallel to the substrate, so that a pixel may emit colored light, through the control module controlling the displacement of each of the diaphragms, to achieve gray scale change, high color gamut, low power consumption. 本发明的显示基板,当像素需要最亮显示的时候,像素可以实现几乎无遮挡的光透过,此种透过率可以更好地对背光的光能量实现利用,且显示效果细腻。 The display substrate of the present invention, when the need to brightest pixel display, the pixel can be realized with almost no blocking of light transmission, such permeability may be better to use light energy to achieve a backlight, and display fine. 本发明的显示基板适用于各种显示装置。 The display substrate of the present invention is applicable to various display devices.

[0041] 实施例2: [0041] Example 2:

[0042] 本实施例提供一种显示基板,如图2-7所示,包括衬底1,形成在该衬底I上的多个MEMS像素结构,每一MEMS像素结构包括: [0042] The present embodiment provides a display substrate as shown, includes a substrate 12-7, forming a plurality of MEMS pixels I structures on the substrate, each pixel MEMS structure comprising:

[0043] 支架2,支架2上连接有多个膜片,所述多个膜片中包括至少两种不同颜色的膜片; [0043] The holder 2, the holder 2 is connected with a plurality of diaphragms, a plurality of diaphragms comprise at least two different colors of the diaphragm;

[0044] 控制模组3,用于驱动每个膜片在平行于衬底I的方向上移动。 [0044] The control module 3, for driving each movement of the diaphragm in a direction parallel to the substrate I.

[0045] 本实施例的显示基板中,一个像素的支架2上连接有多个不同颜色的膜片,通过独立控制叠置的膜片沿平行于衬底的方向上移动,使得一个像素可以发出彩色的光,控制模组3通过控制每个膜片的位移,实现灰阶变化,实现高色域、低功耗。 The display substrate [0045] In the present embodiment, a plurality of pixels of different colors bracket is attached on the diaphragm 2, by independently controlling superposed diaphragm moves in a direction parallel to the substrate, so that a pixel may emit colored light 3 by the control module controlling the displacement of each of the diaphragms, to achieve gray scale change, high color gamut, low power consumption. 本发明的显示基板,当像素需要最亮显示的时候,像素可以实现几乎无遮挡的光透过,此种透过率可以更好地对背光的光能量实现利用,且显示效果细腻。 The display substrate of the present invention, when the need to brightest pixel display, the pixel can be realized with almost no blocking of light transmission, such permeability may be better to use light energy to achieve a backlight, and display fine. 本发明的显示基板适用于各种显示装置。 The display substrate of the present invention is applicable to various display devices.

[0046] 优选的,控制模组3包括: [0046] Preferably, the control module 3 comprising:

[0047]与每个膜片连接的多个步进电机,每个步进电机与至少一个膜片连接; [0047], each of the stepping motor is connected to each of the at least one membrane and a plurality of stepper motors connected to the diaphragm;

[0048] 控制步进电机工作的驱动电路。 [0048] Work controlled stepper motor drive circuit.

[0049] 也就是说,驱动电路提供信号,步进电机根据该信号控制膜片移动,其中,每个膜片都要与步进电机连接。 [0049] That is, the driving circuit provides a signal, the stepping motor control signal based on the movement of the diaphragm, wherein the diaphragm must be connected to each of the stepping motor.

[0050] 优选的,多个膜片还包括至少一个遮光膜片和/或至少一个反光膜片。 [0050] Preferably, the plurality of light-shielding film further comprises at least one membrane and / or at least one retroreflective sheeting.

[0051] 也就是说,当该像素需要呈暗态时,采用遮光膜片或反光膜片遮光。 [0051] That is, when the pixel is dark state needs, using the light-shielding film or reflecting a light shielding film.

[0052] 优选的,彩色膜片选自量子点膜片或荧光膜片。 [0052] Preferably, the colored membrane or film is selected from fluorescence quantum dot film.

[0053] 也就是说,膜片可以根据具体显示装置的需要选自量子点膜片或荧光膜片。 [0053] That is, the membrane selected may be required apparatus fluorescence quantum dot membrane or film depending on the display.

[0054] 优选的,支架2内包括一个红色量子点膜片23、一个绿色量子点膜片22以及一个反光膜片或遮光膜片。 [0054] Preferably, the inner bracket 2 comprises a diaphragm 23 red quantum dot, a quantum dot green reflective film 22 and a light-shielding membrane or diaphragm.

[0055] 也就是说,膜片的颜色也可以根据具体显示装置的需要进行选择。 [0055] That is, the color of the membrane may be selected according to the particular display device.

[0056] 优选的,所述相邻的两个支架2控制各自的膜片相向移动,以控制两个支架2之间的像素显示灰阶。 [0056] Preferably, the two adjacent control the respective holder 2 moves toward the diaphragm, to control the pixels between the two brackets 2 display grayscale.

[0057] 也就是说,如图8所示,左边的支架2控制其上的红色量子点膜片23向右移动,右边的支架2控制其上的反蓝光膜片21向左移动,两个支架2分别控制各自的膜片的位移值以控制两个支架2之间的像素显示灰阶。 [0057] That is, as shown, the left bracket 2 which control the red quantum dot 23 is moved to the right diaphragm 8, the right holder of the second control diaphragm which anti blue 21 moves to the left, two stent 2 respectively controlling the displacement values ​​of the respective diaphragm to control the pixels between the two brackets 2 display grayscale.

[0058] 这样左边的支架2上的红色量子点膜片23发出的光直接射出,该红色量子点膜片23发出的光无需经过左边的支架2上的反蓝光膜片21,同时,采用右边的支架2上的反蓝光膜片21遮挡背光源的蓝光。 [0058] The red light quantum dot on the membrane carrier 2 so that the left exit 23 is directly emitted, the red light emitted from the quantum dot diaphragm 23 without passing through the anti-blue on the left of the diaphragm holder 221, while using the right anti-blue on the diaphragm holder 221 blue backlight occlusion. 同理,当需要调整灰阶时,只需改变左、右支架2上的膜片的位移即可实现,这种方式出光更纯,光能利用率更高。 Similarly, when the gray scale needs to be adjusted, simply by changing the left, the displacement of the diaphragm 2 on the right stand can achieve, in this way the light is more pure, higher energy efficiency.

[0059] 实施例3: [0059] Example 3:

[0060] 本实施例提供一种显示装置,包括背光模组,背光模组出光侧设有上述实施例2的显示基板。 [0060] The present embodiment provides a display apparatus comprising a backlight module, the light side of the backlight module substrate provided with a display of the second embodiment. 显示装置可以为:电子纸、手机、平板电脑、电视机、显示器、笔记本电脑、数码相框、导航仪等任何具有显示功能的产品或部件。 The display device may be: electronic paper, mobile phones, tablet computers, televisions, monitors, notebook computers, digital photo frame, a navigator, and any other product or component having a display function.

[0061] 本实施例的显示装置中,当像素需要最亮显示的时候,像素可以实现几乎无遮挡的光透过,此种透过率可以更好地对背光的光能量实现利用,且显示效果细腻。 The display device [0061] In the present embodiment, when the need to brightest display pixel, the pixel can be implemented virtually unobstructed light transmission, such permeability may be better to use light energy to achieve a backlight, and the display fine.

[0062] 优选的,背光模组发蓝光。 [0062] Preferably, the backlight module emits blue light.

[0063] 也就是说,如图2所不,背光模组发蓝光,支架2内包括一个红色量子点膜片23、一个绿色量子点膜片22以及一个反蓝光膜片21。 [0063] That is, FIG. 2 does not, the backlight module emits blue light, a red quantum dot comprises a diaphragm 23, a green quantum dot 22 and a diaphragm membrane 21 anti blue stent 2.

[0064] 图2中,红色量子点膜片23、绿色量子点膜片22以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最小,这样蓝色背光通过,因此该像素该时刻发蓝光。 In [0064] FIG. 2, the red quantum dot diaphragm 23, diaphragm 22 and the quantum dot green blue trans membrane holder 21 with respect to the displacement of 2 are minimized by this blue backlight, so that the pixels of the blue-time.

[0065] 图3中,红色量子点膜片23相对于支架2的位移均为最小,绿色量子点膜片22以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,这样蓝色背光射向绿色量子点膜片22之后,激发绿色量子点膜片22中的量子点材料发出绿色的光,而蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻发绿光。 In [0065] FIG. 3, the diaphragm 23 red quantum dot 2 phase shift of the stent are minimal, the green quantum dot diaphragm 22 and the diaphragm 21 with respect to the blue anti holder 2 are the maximum displacement, so that emitted blue backlight for after the green quantum dot diaphragm 22, excite the green quantum dots quantum dot material film 22 emits green light, and blue backlight 21 is blocked anti blue diaphragm, so that the pixels of the green-time.

[0066] 同理图4中,绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2的位移均为最小,红色量子点膜片23以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,这样蓝色背光射向红色量子点膜片23之后,激发红色量子点膜片23中的量子点材料发出红色的光,而蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻发红光。 [0066] Similarly to FIG. 4, the green quantum dot displacement of the diaphragm 22 relative to the bracket 2 are minimized, and the red quantum dot diaphragm 23 of the diaphragm 21 with respect to the anti-blue 2 are the maximum displacement of the bracket, so that the blue the backlight toward the diaphragm 23 after the red quantum dot, the quantum dot excited red quantum dot material film 23 emits red light, blue light and blue backlight is reverse blocking film 21, so that the pixels of the red time.

[0067] 图5中,反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,红色量子点膜片23以及绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2的位移均为最小,这样蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻呈暗态。 [0067] FIG. 5, the diaphragm 21 with respect to the blue anti holder 2 are the maximum displacement, the diaphragm 23 and the red quantum dots quantum dots Green displacement of the diaphragm 22 relative to the bracket 2 are minimal, so that the backlight is blue blue anti-blocking film 21, so that the pixels of the time as a dark state.

[0068] 基于相同的道理,图6、图7中,红绿蓝混合,从而该像素该时刻发白光。 [0068] For the same reason, in FIG. 6, 7, red, green and blue mixed to emit white light of the pixel that time.

[0069] 显然,上述各实施例的具体实施方式还可进行许多变化;例如:本实施例仅例举了膜片为量子点膜片,背光为蓝光的情况,本领域技术人员可以很容易想到背光为白光,膜片为荧光膜片,通过控制各个膜片的位移改变像素出光颜色。 [0069] Obviously, each of the above embodiments of the specific embodiments may be many variations; for example: the present embodiment exemplified a case where only the diaphragm membrane quantum dot, a blue backlight, one skilled in the art can readily occur the backlight white light, a fluorescent membrane diaphragm of the diaphragm by controlling the displacement of each of the pixels changing the light color.

[0070] 实施例4: [0070] Example 4:

[0071] 本实施例提供了一种显示方法,其采用上述实施例3的显示装置,其中,显示方法包括:控制模组3控制支架2内的每个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示显示装置显示灰阶。 [0071] The present embodiment provides a display method using the display device of the above embodiment 3, wherein the display method comprising: a control module 3 controls each of the diaphragms in the holder 2 in the direction parallel to the display substrate a display device to indicate the displacement of the gray scale display.

[0072] 也就是说,每个膜片某时刻相对于支架2的位移由控制模组3控制,这样使得像素显不有序、准确。 [0072] That is, each time the diaphragm displacement with respect to a holder 2 by the control module 3 is controlled so that the pixel order is not significant, accurate.

[0073] 优选的,驱动电路给步进电机提供控制信号,步进电机根据控制信号控制支架2内多个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示显示灰阶。 [0073] Preferably, the drive circuit provides a control signal to the stepping motor, the stepping motor in accordance with a control signal over two stent diaphragm displacement parallel to the display substrate to indicate the direction of the display grayscale.

[0074] 也就是说,步进电机根据驱动电路的信号控制多个膜片的位移,从而控制像素的颜色。 [0074] That is, the stepping motor driving circuit according to the displacement control signal a plurality of diaphragm, to control the color of the pixel.

[0075] 优选的,红色量子点膜片23与绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2位移最小,反光膜片或遮光膜片相对于支架2位移最大时,该像素呈暗态。 [0075] Preferably, red and green quantum dots quantum dots diaphragm 23 of the diaphragm 22 with respect to the minimum displacement of the bracket 2, the light-shielding film or reflecting film with respect to the maximum displacement of the stent 2, the pixels are dark state.

[0076] 也就是说,如图5中所示,控制模组3控制反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,红色量子点膜片23以及绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2的位移均为最小,这样蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻呈暗态。 [0076] That is, as shown in FIG. 5, the control module controls three trans blue diaphragm displacement with respect to the bracket 21 are two maximum, red and green quantum dots quantum dots diaphragm 23 of the diaphragm 22 relative to the support 2 displacement are minimized, so that the shutter 21 is blue backlight anti blue diaphragm, so that the pixels of the time as a dark state.

[0077] 优选的,红色量子点膜片23相对于支架2位移最大时,该像素发红光。 The maximum displacement of the stent 2 [0077] Preferably, the red quantum dot diaphragm 23 with respect to the red pixel.

[0078] 也就是说,如图4中,控制模组3控制绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2的位移均为最小,红色量子点膜片23以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,这样蓝色背光射向红色量子点膜片23之后,激发红色量子点膜片23中的量子点材料发出红色的光,而蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻发红光。 [0078] That is, as shown in FIG. 4, the control module controls the green quantum dot 3 relative to the displacement of the diaphragm 22 are the minimum support 2, the diaphragm 23 and the red quantum dot trans blue film 21 relative to the support 2 displacement are maximum, and blue backlight toward the diaphragm 23 after the red quantum dot, the quantum dot excited red quantum dot material film 23 emits red light, and blue backlight 21 is blocked anti blue diaphragm, so that the the red pixel time.

[0079] 优选的,绿色量子点膜片22相对于支架2位移最大时,该像素发绿光。 [0079] Preferably, the green quantum dot diaphragm 22 with respect to the maximum displacement of the stent 2, the pixel emits green light.

[0080] 也就是说,如图3中,控制模组3控制红色量子点膜片23相对于支架2的位移均为最小,绿色量子点膜片22以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最大,这样蓝色背光射向绿色量子点膜片22之后,激发绿色量子点膜片22中的量子点材料发出绿色的光,而蓝色背光被反蓝光膜片21遮挡,因此该像素该时刻发绿光。 [0080] That is, as shown in FIG. 3, 3 control module 23 controls the red quantum dot displacement with respect to the diaphragm holder 2 are minimum, the green quantum dot diaphragm 22 and the diaphragm 21 with respect to anti-blue bracket 2 displacement are maximum, so that the quantum dot green blue backlight toward the diaphragm 22, the green quantum dot excitation quantum dot material film 22 emits green light, and blue backlight 21 is blocked anti blue diaphragm, so that the the hair green pixels moment.

[0081] 优选的,膜片相对于支架2位移均为最小时,该像素发蓝光。 [0081] Preferably, the displacement of the diaphragm relative to the holder 2 are the minimum, the pixel emits blue light.

[0082] 也就是说,如图2中,控制模组3控制红色量子点膜片23、绿色量子点膜片22以及反蓝光膜片21相对于支架2的位移均为最小,这样蓝色背光通过,因此该像素该时刻发蓝光。 [0082] That is, in Figure 2, control module 3 controls the red quantum dot diaphragm 23, diaphragm 22 and the quantum dot green blue trans membrane holder 21 with respect to the displacement of 2 are minimum, so blue backlight by, so that the pixels of the blue-time.

[0083] 可以理解的是,以上实施方式仅仅是为了说明本发明的原理而采用的示例性实施方式,然而本发明并不局限于此。 [0083] It will be appreciated that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention is employed in an exemplary embodiment, but the present invention is not limited thereto. 对于本领域内的普通技术人员而言,在不脱离本发明的精神和实质的情况下,可以做出各种变型和改进,这些变型和改进也视为本发明的保护范围。 For those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit and substance of the invention can be made various modifications and improvements, these modifications and improvements into the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (14)

  1. 1.一种显示基板,包括衬底,形成在该衬底上的多个微机电系统像素结构,其特征在于,每一所述微机电系统像素结构包括: 支架,所述支架上连接有多个膜片,所述多个膜片中包括至少两种不同颜色的彩色膜片; 控制模组,用于驱动每个膜片在平行于衬底的方向上移动。 A display substrate comprising a substrate, a plurality of micro-electromechanical systems pixel structure on the substrate, wherein each pixel of the MEMS structure comprising: a bracket, the bracket connecting a plurality a diaphragm, the diaphragm comprises a plurality of at least two different colors of color film; and a control module for each driving movement of the diaphragm in a direction parallel to the substrate.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的显示基板,其特征在于,所述相邻的两个支架控制各自的膜片相向移动,以控制两个支架之间的像素显示灰阶。 The display substrate according to claim 1, wherein said two adjacent brackets control the respective movement toward the diaphragm, to control the pixels between the two stents display grayscale.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的显示基板,其特征在于,所述控制模组包括: 多个步进电机,每个步进电机与至少一个膜片连接; 驱动电路,用于控制所述步进电机工作。 3. The display substrate according to claim 1, wherein said control module comprising: a plurality of stepping motors, each stepping motor is connected to at least one membrane; driving circuit for controlling the step stepper motor work.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的显示基板,其特征在于,所述多个膜片还包括至少一个遮光膜片和/或至少一个反光膜片。 The display substrate of claim 1, wherein said membrane further comprises at least a plurality of light-shielding film and / or at least one retroreflective sheeting.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的显示基板,其特征在于,所述彩色膜片选自量子点膜片或荧光膜片。 The display substrate according to claim 1, wherein said membrane is selected from the quantum dot color fluorescent membrane or diaphragm.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的显示基板,其特征在于,所述膜片在其移动的方向上的宽度大于相邻两个支架的距离,所述支架上包括一个红色量子点膜片、一个绿色量子点膜片以及一个反光膜片。 The display substrate according to claim 1, wherein the diaphragm is in its width direction is greater than the distance between adjacent two holder, comprising a red quantum dot film on the support, a quantum dots, and a green reflective film diaphragm.
  7. 7.—种显示装置,包括背光模组,其特征在于,所述背光模组出光侧设有权利要求1-6任一项所述的显示基板。 7.- kinds of display device including a backlight module, wherein the backlight module is provided with a side light as claimed in claim display substrate according to any one of 1-6.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的显示装置,其特征在于,所述显示基板为权利要求6所述的显示基板,所述背光模组发蓝光。 The display device according to claim 7, wherein the display substrate display substrate as claimed in claim 6, the backlight module emits blue light.
  9. 9.一种显示方法,其特征在于,应用权利要求7-8任一项所述的显示装置,其中,所述显示方法包括: 控制模组控制所述支架上的每个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示所述显示装置显示灰阶。 A display method, wherein the display device application according to any of claims 7-8, wherein said display method comprising: a control module controls each of the diaphragm parallel to the stent displaying the displacement direction of the substrate of the display device to indicate that the display grayscale.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述显示装置包括权利要求3所述的显示基板,所述驱动电路给所述步进电机提供控制信号,所述步进电机根据控制信号控制所述支架上的每个膜片在平行于显示基板的方向上的位移以指示显示灰阶。 The display method of claim 9, wherein the display device comprises a substrate according to claim 3, wherein the drive circuit to provide a control signal to the stepping motor, the stepping motor according to each of the diaphragms on the control signal of the stent parallel to the display displacement in the direction of the substrate to indicate the display grayscale.
  11. 11.根据权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述显示装置为权利要求8所述的显示装置,所述红色量子点膜片与绿色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最小,所述反光膜片或遮光膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素呈暗态。 The display method of claim 9, wherein the display device is a display device according to claim 8, wherein the red and green quantum dot film of quantum dots with respect to the diaphragm holder minimum displacement, the said light-blocking film or reflective film with respect to the maximum displacement of the stent, the pixels are dark state.
  12. 12.根据权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述显示装置为权利要求8所述的显示装置,所述红色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素发红光。 12. The display method according to claim 9, characterized in that the display means as claimed in claim 8 of the display, the red quantum dot film holder with respect to the maximum displacement, the red pixel.
  13. 13.根据权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述显示装置为权利要求8所述的显示装置,所述绿色量子点膜片相对于支架位移最大时,该像素发绿光。 13. The display method of claim 9, wherein the display device is a display device according to claim 8, the maximum displacement of the holder when the green quantum dots with respect to the diaphragm, the pixel emits green light.
  14. 14.根据权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述显示装置为权利要求8所述的显示装置,所述膜片相对于支架位移均为最小时,该像素发蓝光。 The display method of claim 9, wherein the display device is a display device according to claim 8, the displacement of the diaphragm relative to the support are minimum, the pixel emits blue light.
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