CN105184040A - Final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic calculation method - Google Patents

Final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic calculation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105184040A
CN105184040A CN201510352439.5A CN201510352439A CN105184040A CN 105184040 A CN105184040 A CN 105184040A CN 201510352439 A CN201510352439 A CN 201510352439A CN 105184040 A CN105184040 A CN 105184040A
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carbon emission
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energy consumption
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carbon
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黄晓霜
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黄晓霜
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Abstract

The invention provides a final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic calculation method. The method comprises the following steps: analyzing carbon emission in final energy consumption on the three aspects of process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission; and building a carbon emission function, wherein specific to different areas, standard quantity conversion coefficients in the same year are the same. The final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic calculation method provided by the invention plays a vital role in carbon emission analysis, low-carbon process improvement and energy saving and emission reduction, and contributes to reduction of emission of greenhouse gas in industrial production and improvement of the environment.

Description

A kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method, belong to Mechanical Manufacture and Automation technical field.
Background technology
Carbon emission is a general name or abbreviation of discharging about greenhouse gases (GreenhouseGas, GHG).Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) research shows: after the industrial revolution, the carbon in atmosphere accretion of stock that human society industrialization activity causes is the main drive of observed climate change." Copenhagen agreement " then indicates: reduce carbon emission, reply Global climate change become countries in the world industrialization development have to faced by a medium-and long-term strategy challenge.On January 10th, 2010, Chinese Academy of Engineering president's Xu Kuangdi is analyzed China's carbon emission data in " low-carbon economy and green manufacturing (LowCarbonEconomyandGreenManufacturing) " Ningbo international symposium: the discharge capacity of Chinese carbon dioxide in 2007 is 59.6 hundred million tons, exceed 58.2 hundred million tons of the U.S., ranked first in the world; In the past in time of 8 years, Global Carbon discharge capacity increases 1/3rd, and wherein 2/3rds from China; Within 2006, China's per GDP carbon intensity is 1.03kg/ $ 1, and the U.S. is 0.45kg/ $ 1, and Japan is 0.33kg/ $ 1.Visible, China's CO2 emission situation is very severe.Within 2007, State Statistics Bureau's data show, manufacturing energy resource consumption accounts for about 60% of China's total energy consumption.Meanwhile, manufacturing industry is again the consumer of the high energy consumption industrial output products (electric energy, material etc.) such as mining, electric power.Therefore manufacturing fast development is the major source causing the energy resource consumption of the whole industrial circle of China and carbon emission to increase sharply.China takes the lead in proposing the year two thousand twenty carbon intensity reduced 40 ~ 45% promise index relative to 2005 in Copenhagen United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change contracting party the 15th meeting held in Dec, 2009.Obviously, manufacturing industry realizes one of main battle ground of the year two thousand twenty emission reduction tasks by becoming China.Therefore actively push forward the low carbonization process of manufacturing industry, realizing low-carbon (LC) manufacture and industrial transformation is tackling the new demand and new challenge that Global climate change proposes China's manufacturing industry under the new situation.The technological problems that Oriented Green manufactures, the waste stream namely in product processing and the problem that affects thereof are one of the gordian techniquies being badly in need of in green manufacturing solving, and receive the great attention of research institution, colleges and universities and government department in the world." community energy balance sheet " in " Chinese energy statistical yearbook " only announces quantity of goods produced, although 17 kinds of energy breed standard amount conversion coefficients such as raw coal are relatively stable, but due to the impact by thermal power generation, heating power, terminal consumption energy consumption structure, its conversion coefficient then difference to some extent.For calculating Regional Energy consumption standard amount more accurately, use standard volume in " Chinese energy balance sheet " and quantity of goods produced to thermal power generation,
The standard of energy amount conversion coefficient of heating power, terminal consumption calculates respectively.The carbon emission coefficient of all kinds of energy of terminal consumption is used for reference " IPCC country greenhouse gases inventory guide in 2006 ", the carbon emission coefficient of all kinds of fossil energy adopts IPCC(2006) the carbon emission coefficient of emission inventories, wherein IPCC(2006) there is no the carbon emission coefficient of other coal washing and moulded coal in emission inventories, substitute with the carbon emission coefficient of Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Committee.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method, a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method is provided, to solve the problem of final energy consumption energy consumption, carbon emission analysis, low-carbon (LC) process modification and energy-saving and emission-reduction have vital effect, be conducive to the discharge reducing commercial production percent of greenhouse gases, environmental protect.
For solving above technical matters, the invention provides following technical scheme: a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method, carbon emission in final energy consumption be divided into process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission three aspect to analyze, set up carbon emission function:
For zones of different, identical at same time standard volume conversion coefficient, EB jt, ZES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t jth kind final energy consumption, DEB jt, ES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t thermal power generation process, REB jt, RES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t heat supplying process; δ Et is the standard volume conversion coefficient of the time t electric power terminal energy, ZEEB t, ZEES tbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t electric power terminal energy-consuming; η Et is time t electric power carbon emission coefficient, China's thermal power generation mainly obtains heat energy power-generating by combustion fuel, its carbon emission coefficient is determined by energy-consuming ratio each in thermal power generation process, by the impact of the factor such as energy consumption structure, Technology of Electrical Power Generation, electric power carbon emission coefficient changes greatly every year, therefore be necessary that calling in zones of different electric power the different time sections recalled calculates different carbon emission coefficients, with the energy processing conversion in heat power station consumption various energy carbon emission total amounts divided by Energy end-use as electric power carbon emission coefficient η Et.
Described process carbon emission refers to the carbon emission directly produced in production run, comprises the carbon emission produced after the auxiliary material adopted in the carbon emission and production that in production run, fuel combustion produces interact.
Described material carbon emission refer to produce there is no direct relation material production process in the carbon emission that produces, comprise carbon emission that workpiece starting material production run produces and the carbon emission that auxiliary material production run produces.
This final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method that the present invention relates to, major advantage the carbon emission in final energy consumption is divided into process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission three aspect to analyze, the carbon emission situation in final energy consumption is also accurately determined by carbon emission broad aspects function system, be the basis of the analysis of final energy consumption carbon emission and low-carbon (LC) process modification, the discharge of economize energy and minimizing people daily life percent of greenhouse gases is all had great significance.
Embodiment
A kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method, is divided into the carbon emission in final energy consumption process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission three aspect to analyze, sets up carbon emission function:
For zones of different, identical at same time standard volume conversion coefficient, EB jt, ZES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t jth kind final energy consumption, DEB jt, ES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t thermal power generation process, REB jt, RES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t heat supplying process; δ Et is the standard volume conversion coefficient of the time t electric power terminal energy, ZEEB t, ZEES tbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t electric power terminal energy-consuming; η Et is time t electric power carbon emission coefficient, China's thermal power generation mainly obtains heat energy power-generating by combustion fuel, its carbon emission coefficient is determined by energy-consuming ratio each in thermal power generation process, by the impact of the factor such as energy consumption structure, Technology of Electrical Power Generation, electric power carbon emission coefficient changes greatly every year, therefore be necessary that calling in zones of different electric power the different time sections recalled calculates different carbon emission coefficients, with the energy processing conversion in heat power station consumption various energy carbon emission total amounts divided by Energy end-use as electric power carbon emission coefficient η Et.
Described process carbon emission refers to the carbon emission directly produced in production run, comprises the carbon emission produced after the auxiliary material adopted in the carbon emission and production that in production run, fuel combustion produces interact.
Described material carbon emission refer to produce there is no direct relation material production process in the carbon emission that produces, comprise carbon emission that workpiece starting material production run produces and the carbon emission that auxiliary material production run produces.
This final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method that the present invention relates to, major advantage the carbon emission in final energy consumption is divided into process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission three aspect to analyze, the carbon emission situation in final energy consumption is also accurately determined by carbon emission broad aspects function system, be the basis of the analysis of final energy consumption carbon emission and low-carbon (LC) process modification, the discharge of economize energy and minimizing people daily life percent of greenhouse gases is all had great significance.
Embodiment of the present invention does not form the restriction to the application's scope; within every spirit in the present invention's design and principle, any amendment that one of skill in the art can make, equivalent to replace and improvement etc. all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method, is characterized in that, the carbon emission in final energy consumption is divided into process carbon emission, material carbon emission and energy carbon emission three aspect to analyze, sets up carbon emission function:
For zones of different, identical at same time standard volume conversion coefficient, EB jt, ZES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t jth kind final energy consumption, DEB jt, ES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t thermal power generation process, REB jt, RES jtbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of jth kind energy-consuming in time t heat supplying process; δ Et is the standard volume conversion coefficient of the time t electric power terminal energy, ZEEB t, ZEES tbe respectively standard volume and the quantity of goods produced of time t electric power terminal energy-consuming; η Et is time t electric power carbon emission coefficient, China's thermal power generation mainly obtains heat energy power-generating by combustion fuel, its carbon emission coefficient is determined by energy-consuming ratio each in thermal power generation process, by the impact of the factor such as energy consumption structure, Technology of Electrical Power Generation, electric power carbon emission coefficient changes greatly every year, therefore be necessary that calling in zones of different electric power the different time sections recalled calculates different carbon emission coefficients, with the energy processing conversion in heat power station consumption various energy carbon emission total amounts divided by Energy end-use as electric power carbon emission coefficient η Et.
2. a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described process carbon emission refers to the carbon emission directly produced in production run, comprise the carbon emission produced after the auxiliary material adopted in the carbon emission and production that in production run, fuel combustion produces interact.
3. a kind of final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described material carbon emission refer to produce there is no direct relation material production process in the carbon emission that produces, comprise carbon emission that workpiece starting material production run produces and the carbon emission that auxiliary material production run produces.
CN201510352439.5A 2015-06-24 2015-06-24 Final energy consumption carbon emission characteristic calculation method Pending CN105184040A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102289721A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-12-21 华中科技大学 Carbon emission monitoring and measuring service system for daily life
CN203025851U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-06-26 杭州苏诺电气有限公司 Multi-rate network electric power meter capable of displaying carbon emission amount
CN103544541A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-29 国家电网公司 Carbon emission reduction evaluation and calculation method for intelligent power distribution and utilization system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102289721A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-12-21 华中科技大学 Carbon emission monitoring and measuring service system for daily life
CN203025851U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-06-26 杭州苏诺电气有限公司 Multi-rate network electric power meter capable of displaying carbon emission amount
CN103544541A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-29 国家电网公司 Carbon emission reduction evaluation and calculation method for intelligent power distribution and utilization system

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
尹瑞雪 等: "基于函数化描述的机械制造工艺碳排放特性及其应用", 《计算机集成制造系统》 *
肖宏伟: "中国碳排放测算方法研究", 《阅江学刊》 *

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