CN105182639A - Pixel structure, display method and display panel - Google Patents

Pixel structure, display method and display panel Download PDF

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CN105182639A
CN105182639A CN 201510541769 CN201510541769A CN105182639A CN 105182639 A CN105182639 A CN 105182639A CN 201510541769 CN201510541769 CN 201510541769 CN 201510541769 A CN201510541769 A CN 201510541769A CN 105182639 A CN105182639 A CN 105182639A
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pixel
sub
pixels
display
luminance value
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CN 201510541769
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Chinese (zh)
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李斌玲
张沼栋
周婷
沈柏平
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厦门天马微电子有限公司
天马微电子股份有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells
    • G02F1/136286Wiring, e.g. gate line, drain line

Abstract

The present invention discloses a pixel structure, a display method and a display panel, wherein the pixel structure comprises a pixel array formed by a plurality of sub-pixels in row and line arrangement, each odd-number line in the pixel array comprises a first sub-pixel, a second sub-pixel, a third sub-pixel and a fourth sub-pixel which are in repeated arrangement in turn, each even-number line comprises the fourth sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the first sub-pixel which are in repeated arranged in turn, and sizes of both the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel are smaller than the sizes of the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel. By changing length-width ratios and an arrangement structure of the sub-pixels, the number of the sub-pixels is reduced, an aperture opening ratio is raised, and a high PPI display effect is also achieved.

Description

像素结构、显示方法及显示面板 Pixel structure, a display method and a display panel

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及显示技术领域,尤其涉及像素结构、显示方法及显示面板。 [0001] The present invention relates to display technology, and particularly relates to a pixel structure, a display method and a display panel.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 像素渲染技术(Sub Pixel Rendering,简称SPR)可以使低PPI产品通过合理排布RGB (红绿蓝)子像素,再结合一定的算法,使其具有高PPI的显示效果,因此该项技术越来越重要。 [0002] pixel rendering technique (Sub Pixel Rendering, referred to as SPR) can make the product reasonable low PPI arrangement RGB (Red Green Blue) sub-pixel, combined with a certain algorithm, it has a high effect of the PPI display, so that technology is increasingly important.

[0003] —种常规的Real像素结构如图1所示,RGB三个颜色的子像素组成一个像素单元,三个子像素均匀分布,且每个子像素的长宽比均为3:1。 [0003] - Real species conventional pixel structure shown in Figure 1, three colors of RGB sub-pixels composed of a pixel unit, a uniform distribution of the three sub-pixels, and each sub-pixel aspect ratio was 3: 1. 子像素长宽比的示意图如图2所示,也就是RGB子像素的长度均为3a,宽度均为a,这三个子像素构成的像素单元是一个3a*3a的正方形结构。 A schematic view of a sub-pixel aspect ratio of 2, i.e. the length of the RGB sub-pixels are 3a, both the width a, the pixel unit composed of three sub-pixels is a square structure of 3a * 3a. 由于工艺能力的限制,这种结构实现单位英寸内更多的像素数量具有一定的困难,也就难以实现高PPI (Pixels Per Inch,每英寸的像素数量)。 Due to restrictions process capability within this structure to achieve greater the number of pixels in inches have some difficulties, it is difficult to achieve high PPI (Pixels Per Inch, the number of pixels per inch).

[0004] —种Rainbow像素结构如图3所示,虽然三个子像素也是均匀分布,但是同一列的子像素颜色不同。 [0004] - seed Rainbow pixel configuration shown in Figure 3, although the three sub-pixels are uniformly distributed, but different sub-pixel colors of the same column. 而且与Real像素结构不同,图3中每个子像素长宽比为2:1,如图4所示,也就是每个子像素的长度为3a,宽度为1.5a。 Real and with different pixel structures, each sub-pixel in FIG. 3 aspect ratio of 2: 1, as shown in FIG. 4, i.e. the length of each sub-pixel 3a, a width of 1.5a. Rainbow像素结构的解析度较差。 Rainbow poor resolution pixel structure.

[0005] 因此,仍然需要开发新的像素结构和显示方法,以使得子像素颜色分布更加均匀,同时达到高PPI的显示效果。 [0005] Thus, there remains a need to develop new methods and display pixel structure, so that the sub-pixel color distribution is more uniform, while achieving a high display effect of PPI.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本申请提供像素结构、显示方法及显示面板,能使得子像素颜色分布均匀,同时达到尚PPI的显不效果。 [0006] The present application provides a pixel configuration, display method and a display panel, such that the sub-pixel color can be evenly distributed, while the effect is still not reach significance of PPI.

[0007] 本发明一方面提供一种像素结构,包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,所述像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复排列的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复排列的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素; [0007] In one aspect the present invention provides a pixel structure, comprising a plurality of sub-pixels in a row, a column arrangement of the pixel array is formed of odd-numbered rows in the pixel array comprises a first sub-pixel sequentially repeatedly arranged, and a second sub-pixel, the first three sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel comprises a fourth even-numbered rows are sequentially repeatedly arranged sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel;

[0008] 其中第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 [0008] wherein the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel size is less than the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.

[0009] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在列方向上的长度相等,所述第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:X:1:X,其中0〈X〈1。 [0009] In one embodiment of the present invention, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel is equal to the length in the column direction, the first sub-pixel, the first two sub-pixel, the third sub-pixels in the row direction than the width of the fourth sub-pixels is 1: X: 1: X, where 0 <X <1.

[0010] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,所述第一子像素、所述第二子像素、所述第三子像素、所述第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:1/2:1:1/2,且所述第一子像素为红色子像素,所述第三子像素为蓝色子像素,所述第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素,或者所述第一子像素为蓝色子像素,所述第三子像素为红色子像素,所述第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素。 [0010] In another embodiment of the present invention, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixels in the row direction than the width of the fourth sub-pixels is 1: 1/2: 1: 1/2, and the first sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel, or the first sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel.

[0011] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,在行方向上,相邻的所述第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素。 Embodiment, the row direction, adjacent to the first sub-pixel and a second sub-pixels of the first pixel, adjacent to the third sub-pixel, and a fourth sub-pixels [0011] In another embodiment of the present invention a second pixel.

[0012] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,所述第一像素与相邻行的第二像素组成一个显示单元进行显示,或者,所述第二像素与相邻行的第一像素组成一个显示单元进行显示;每个所述第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用。 [0012] In another embodiment of the present invention, the first pixel and the second pixel adjacent rows constitute a display unit to display, or the second pixel adjacent to the first pixel row to form a a display unit for displaying; each of the two display units share the first or second pixel are.

[0013] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,所述显示单元中的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素以及第四子像素的亮度值分别由待显示的图片信息对应的像素的亮度值经过亮度值转换而得到,亮度值转换关系为: Image Information [0013] In another embodiment of the present invention, the display unit of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the luminance value of the fourth sub-pixels are to be displayed by the corresponding after the luminance value of the pixel of the luminance value obtained by converting the luminance value conversion relationship:

[0014] L(j) = L(x4)+L(y4) [0014] L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4)

[0015] L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 [0015] L (i) = L (x5) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2

[0016] L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 [0016] L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2

[0017] L(o) = L (y6) +L (z6) [0017] L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6)

[0018] 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素ο的亮度值,L(p)为第四子像素P的亮度值; [0018] wherein L (j) is a luminance value of a first sub-pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the third sub-pixel luminance value of o, L (p) for the fourth sub-pixel luminance value of P;

[0019] 其中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L (x4)、L (x5)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第一像素对应的像素中的两个子像素x4、x5的亮度值,L(z5)、L(z6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第二像素对应的像素中的两个子像素z5、z6的亮度值,且x4、y4和第一子像素j为同种颜色,x5、y5、z5和第二子像素1、第四子像素P为同种颜色,y6、z6和第三子像素ο为同种颜色。 [0019] where L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents a sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (x4), L ( x5) shows two sub-pixel image information to be displayed only in the display unit corresponding to the first pixel x4, x5, luminance value, L (z5), L (z6) to be displayed is represented by image z5 with two sub-pixels of the display unit corresponding to the pixels of the second pixel, only the luminance value z6, and x4, y4, and j is the first sub-pixels of the same color, x5, y5, z5 and second 1 sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel P of the same color, y6, z6, and the third sub-pixel ο is the same color.

[0020] 本发明另一方面还提供一种显示方法,包括: [0020] another aspect of the present invention further provides a display method, comprising:

[0021] 输入待显示的图片信息; [0021] Input image information to be displayed;

[0022] 对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换,转换为对应显示像素阵列; [0022] treat image information displayed data conversion, into a corresponding array of display pixels;

[0023] 所述显示像素阵列包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,所述显示像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素; [0023] The array of display pixels comprising a plurality of sub-pixels in rows and columns of pixels arranged in an array form, the array of display pixels comprising the odd lines of the first sub-pixel sequentially repeated, a second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the first four sub-pixels, the even rows comprising a fourth sub-pixel sequentially repeated, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel;

[0024] 其中第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 [0024] wherein the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel size is less than the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.

[0025] 在本发明的一个实施例中,显示过程中,所述显示像素阵列中在行方向上相邻的所述第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素。 [0025] In one embodiment of the present invention, during the display, the display pixels adjacent in the row direction in the array of the first subpixel and the second subpixel form a first pixel, adjacent to the third a fourth sub-pixel and a second pixel sub-pixels.

[0026] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,显示过程中,所述第一像素与相邻行的第二像素组成一个显示单元进行显示,或者,所述第二像素与相邻行的第一像素组成一个显示单元进行显示;每个所述第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用。 [0026] In another embodiment of the present invention, during the display, the first pixel and the second pixel adjacent rows constitute a display unit displaying, or the first and the second pixel adjacent rows a display unit pixels constituting a display; each of said first or second pixel are common to two display units.

[0027] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,所述对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换包括: [0027] In another embodiment of the present invention, the image information displayed treatment data conversion comprising:

[0028] 所述显示单元中的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素以及第四子像素的亮度值分别由待显示的图片信息对应的像素的亮度值经过亮度值转换而得到,亮度值转换关系为: [0028] The display unit of the first sub-pixel, the luminance values ​​of the pixels corresponding to the image information of the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the luminance value of the fourth sub-pixels are to be displayed by the luminance value after the conversion to give luminance value conversion relationship:

[0029] L(j) = L(x4)+L(y4) [0029] L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4)

[0030] L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 [0030] L (i) = L (x5) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2

[0031] L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 [0031] L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2

[0032] L(o) = L (y6) +L (z6) [0032] L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6)

[0033] 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素O的亮度值,L(P)为第四子像素P的亮度值; [0033] wherein L (j) is a luminance value of a first sub-pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the luminance value of the third sub-pixel O, L (P) for the fourth sub-pixel luminance value of P;

[0034] 其中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L (x4)、L (x5)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第一像素对应的像素中的两个子像素x4、x5的亮度值,L(z5)、L(z6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第二像素对应的像素中的两个子像素z5、z6的亮度值,且x4、y4和第一子像素j为同种颜色,x5、y5、z5和第二子像素1、第四子像素P为同种颜色,y6、z6和第三子像素ο为同种颜色。 [0034] where L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents a sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (x4), L ( x5) shows two sub-pixel image information to be displayed only in the display unit corresponding to the first pixel x4, x5, luminance value, L (z5), L (z6) to be displayed is represented by image z5 with two sub-pixels of the display unit corresponding to the pixels of the second pixel, only the luminance value z6, and x4, y4, and j is the first sub-pixels of the same color, x5, y5, z5 and second 1 sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel P of the same color, y6, z6, and the third sub-pixel ο is the same color.

[0035] 本发明另一方面还提供一种显示面板,包括以上所述的像素结构。 [0035] In another aspect of the present invention further provides a display panel including a pixel structure described above.

[0036] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述显示面板为液晶显示面板或有机发光二极管显示面板。 [0036] In one embodiment of the present invention, the display panel is a liquid crystal display panel or an organic light emitting diode display panel.

[0037] 本发明的有益效果在于,通过改变子像素的长宽比以及排布结构,使其在减少子像素个数、提尚开口率的同时,还能达到尚PPI的显不效果。 Advantageous Effects [0037] of the present invention is that, by changing the aspect ratio of the sub-pixel arrangement as well, so that while reducing the number of sub-pixels, an aperture ratio is still mention, but also no remarkable effect still achieve the PPI.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0038] 图1为现有技术中Real像素结构示意图。 [0038] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the prior art pixel structure Real.

[0039] 图2为图1中Real像素结构的子像素长宽比的示意图。 [0039] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a sub-pixel structure of FIG Real pixel aspect ratio.

[0040] 图3为现有技术中Rainbow像素结构示意图。 [0040] FIG. 3 is a schematic Rainbow prior art pixel structure.

[0041] 图4为图3中Rainbow像素结构的子像素长宽比的示意图。 [0041] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of 3 sub-pixels of the pixel structure of FIG Rainbow aspect ratio.

[0042]图5为本发明实施例中提供的像素结构的示意图。 [0042] FIG. 5 is a schematic structure of a pixel according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0043] 图6为图5中像素结构的第一子像素与第二子像素的长宽比示意图。 [0043] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a first sub-pixel aspect ratio of the second sub-pixel structure in FIG. 5.

[0044] 图7为图5的像素结构中的一种显示单元的示意图。 [0044] FIG. 7 is a pixel structure in FIG. 5 a schematic view of the display unit.

[0045] 图8为图5的像素结构中的另一种显示单元的示意图。 [0045] FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of another pixel structure of the display unit 5 in FIG.

[0046] 图9为Real像素结构的亮度中心分布示意图。 [0046] FIG. 9 is a configuration of a luminance distribution of the central pixel Real FIG.

[0047]图10为本发明一个实施例的像素结构的亮度中心分布示意图。 [0047] FIG 10 a schematic view of the luminance distribution of the central pixel structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0048] 图11为待显示的图片信息的结构示意图。 [0048] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of image information to be displayed.

[0049] 图12为对应图11中待显示像素单元转换后的像素结构示意图。 [0049] FIG 12 illustrate a pixel structure of the pixel unit 11 converts the map to be displayed.

[0050]图13为本发明一个实施例中像素结构对应的阵列基板的示意图。 [0050] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the array substrate corresponding to the pixel structure example embodiment of the present invention.

[0051]图14为本发明又一实施例中提供的像素结构的示意图。 [0051] FIG 14 illustrate a pixel structure according to still another embodiment of the present invention is provided.

[0052] 图15为图14中像素结构的第一子像素与第二子像素的长宽比示意图。 [0052] FIG 15 FIG 14 is a first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel structure of a pixel aspect ratio of FIG.

[0053] 图16为图14的像素结构中的一种显示单元的示意图。 [0053] FIG. 16 is a pixel structure in FIG. 14 schematic display unit.

[0054] 图17为图14的像素结构中的另一种显示单元的示意图。 [0054] FIG 17 is a schematic diagram of another pixel structure of the display unit 14 in FIG.

[0055]图18为本发明又一实施例的像素结构的亮度中心分布示意图。 [0055] FIG. 18 central pixel configuration of a luminance distribution of a schematic view of yet another embodiment of the present invention.

[0056] 图19为对应图18中待显示的图片信息转换后的像素结构示意图。 [0056] FIG 19 illustrate a pixel structure of the image information into a map 18 to be displayed.

[0057]图20为本发明又一实施例中像素结构对应的阵列基板的示意图。 [0057] FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the array substrate corresponding to the pixel structure example embodiment of the present invention further.

[0058] 图21为本发明再一实施例中提供的显示方法的步骤流程图。 [0058] FIG 21 show steps in the method according to a flowchart of another embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0059] 体现本发明特征与优点的典型实施例将在以下的说明中详细叙述。 Example exemplary embodiment [0059] The features and advantages of the present invention is embodied will be described in detail in the following description. 应理解的是,本发明能够在不同的实施例上具有各种的变化,其皆不脱离本发明的范围,且其中的说明及附图在本质上是当作说明之用,而非用以限制本发明。 It should be understood that the present invention is capable of various changes in the different embodiments, which are without departing from the scope of the present invention, and the description and the drawings are essentially taken as illustrative, but not to limit the present invention.

[0060] 如图5所示,根据本发明的一些实施例的像素结构包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复排列的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复排列的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素。 [0060] 5, the pixel structure in accordance with some embodiments of the present invention includes a plurality of sub-pixels in a row, a pixel array, the pixel array arranged in columns formed in the odd rows comprising a first sub-pixel sequentially repeatedly arranged, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel comprises a fourth even-numbered rows are sequentially repeatedly arranged sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the first sub-pixel. 第二子像素和第四子像素的大小可小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 The second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel may be smaller than the size of the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.

[0061] 图5中奇数行(以第一行为例)的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素分别用编号11、12、13、14进行标注,之后重复的子像素依次用15、16……进行标注;偶数行(以第二行为例)的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素分别用编号21、22、23、24进行标注,之后重复的子像素依次用25、26……进行标注。 [0061] FIG. 5 odd rows (the first embodiment behavior) of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixels marked with numbers 11, 12, respectively, after repeated 15 and 16 with the sub-pixel sequentially ...... tagging; even rows (the second row in Example) of the fourth sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the first sub-pixel numbers 21, 22, respectively, , denoted by 24, after repeated sequentially numbered using the sub-pixels 25, 26 ....... 同样,第三行的子像素也依次用31、32……进行标注。 Similarly, the third sub-pixel rows sequentially with 31 ...... also be labeled.

[0062] 对于各个子像素的大小尺寸说明如下: [0062] For each sub-pixel sizes as follows:

[0063] 第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在列方向上的长度相等,第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:X:1:X,其中0〈X〈 I,也就是第一子像素和第三子像素在宽度上比第二子像素和第四子像素大。 [0063] The first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel in the column direction of equal length, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel than the width of the row direction is 1: X: 1: X, where 0 <X <I, namely a first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixels in the width of the second sub-pixel and larger than the fourth sub-pixel.

[0064] 可选的,第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:1/2:1:1/2,也就是第一子像素和第三子像素的大小相等,第二子像素和第四子像素的大小相等。 [0064] Alternatively, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixels in the row direction than the width of the fourth sub-pixels is 1: 1/2: 1: 1/2, which is the first and the third sub-pixel is equal to the sub-pixel size, and a fourth sub-pixel is equal to the second sub-pixel size. 而且第一子像素为红色子像素,第三子像素为蓝色子像素,第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素,或者第一子像素为蓝色子像素,第三子像素为红色子像素,第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素,也就是红色子像素和蓝色子像素的尺寸大于绿色像素的尺寸。 And the first sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel, or first sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the third sub-pixels red subpixel, the second subpixel and the fourth sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel, i.e. the size of the red sub-pixel and blue sub-pixel is greater than the size of the green pixel. 对于相邻的第一子像素与第二子像素的长宽比示意图如图6所示。 For the aspect ratio of the adjacent first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel diagram shown in Figure 6. 易于理解,对于第三子像素与第四子像素的长宽比与图6中类似,此处不再一一列举。 Easy to understand, for the third subpixel and the fourth subpixel and the aspect ratio is similar to FIG. 6, not enumerated herein.

[0065] 参考图5在行方向上,相邻的第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素,也就是子像素11和12组成第一像素,子像素13和14组成第二子像素。 [0065] with reference to the row direction of FIG. 5, adjacent to the first sub-pixel and a second sub-pixels of the first pixel, the third sub-pixel adjacent to the fourth sub-pixels and a second pixel, i.e. subpixels 11 and 12 are composed of a first pixel, subpixel 13 and 14 constitute a second sub-pixel.

[0066] 对于本实施例的像素结构,第一像素(包括子像素11和12)与相邻行的第二像素(包括子像素21和22)组成一个显示单元Dl进行显示,如图7所示。 [0066] For the pixel structure of the present embodiment, the first pixel (including sub-pixels 11 and 12) and a second adjacent row of pixels (including sub-pixels 21 and 22) to form a display on the display unit Dl, Figure 7 shows. 或者,第二像素(包括子像素23和24)与相邻行的第一像素(包括子像素33和34)组成一个显示单元D2进行显示,如图8所示。 Alternatively, the second pixel (sub-pixel including 23 and 24) adjacent to the first pixel row (including sub-pixels 33 and 34) composed of a display unit to display D2, as shown in FIG. 而且每个第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用,比如子像素21和22构成的第二像素,可以与上一行相邻的子像素11和12构成的第一像素组成一个显示单元,还可以与下一行相邻的子像素31和32构成的第一像素组成一个显示单元。 And each of the first or second pixel are common to two display units, such as the sub-pixels 21 and second pixels 22, may be adjacent to the upper row of the first sub-pixel 11 and the pixels 12 composed of a display composed of means may also be adjacent to the next row of sub-pixels 31 and 32 are composed of a first pixel constituting the display unit.

[0067] 由于人眼对绿颜色亮度变化感知最强烈,因此在Real像素结构中,亮度中心在绿色子像素上,而对于一个显示面板的解析度一般是可以通过亮度中心的数量来定义的。 [0067] Since the human eye perceives green color intensity of the strongest variation, so Real pixel structure, the brightness of the green sub-pixel at the center, and a resolution for the display panel may be generally defined by the number of luminance centers. 对于每个显示单元(包括红绿蓝三种颜色子像素)而言,绿色子像素位于中间位置,因此Real像素结构的亮度中心位于显示单元的中间位置,如图9所示。 For each display unit (three colors including red, green and blue sub-pixel), a green sub-pixel in an intermediate position, the center of the luminance Real pixel structure of the display unit in an intermediate position, as shown in Fig.

[0068] 而本实施例中像素结构中的亮度中心在显示单元的中心位置,如图10所示,以显示单元Dl为例,亮度中心位于子像素11和22相邻位置,其他显示单元中的亮度中心同理可以确定。 [0068] while the present embodiment the center luminance pixel structure of embodiment in the central position of the display unit 10, the display unit to Example Dl, a brightness sub-pixel located at the center adjacent positions 22 and 11, other display units Similarly luminance center can be determined.

[0069] 通常,待显示的图片信息都是以Real像素结构为基准的。 [0069] In general, the picture information to be displayed are based on Real pixel structure as a reference. 利用根据本发明实施例的像素结构显示图片时,需要对待显示的图片信息进行转换,将Real像素结构中的像素亮度分配到根据本发明实施例的像素结构的显示单元中,这时Real像素结构中的像素与本发明的像素结构中的显示单元有对应关系。 With the pixel structure of an embodiment of the present invention, image display, image information display needs to be treated by converting the luminance distribution pixel Real pixel structure to the display unit of the pixel structure according to an embodiment of the present invention, when the pixel structure Real the pixel to pixel structure of the present invention the display unit has a correspondence relationship.

[0070] 以图11所示像素结构的待显示的图片信息转换为图12所示的本实施例像素结构的图片信息为例,其中图11为待显示的图片信息对应的像素结构示意图,每个像素中包括RGB三个颜色的子像素,每个子像素的长宽比为3:1。 Image pixel structure according to [0070] Image information converted to be displayed in the pixel structure shown in FIG. 11 is shown in FIG. 12 as an example of the present embodiment, pixel structure information corresponding to the schematic image to be displayed, wherein FIG. 11, each one pixel comprises three RGB color sub-pixels, each sub-pixel aspect ratio is 3: 1. 图11中xl、x2、x3构成一个像素,x4、x5、x6构成一个像素,x7、x8、x9构成一个像素。 FIG. 11 xl, x2, x3 constitute one pixel, x4, x5, x6 constitute one pixel, x7, x8, x9 constitute one pixel. 类似地,第二行的yl〜y9也构成三个像素,第三行的zl〜z9也构成三个像素。 Similarly, yl~y9 second row also constitute three pixels, zl~z9 third row constitute three pixels.

[0071] 将图11中的像素结构的待显示的图片信息的亮度值转换为本实施例图12提供的像素结构的亮度值。 [0071] The luminance value of the image information to be pixel structure shown in FIG. 11 converts the luminance value of the pixel structure of the present embodiment provided in FIG. 12 embodiment. 例如,图11中各个像素与图12中各个显示单元--对应,显示单元D2 For example, each of the pixels in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12 in the respective display units - corresponding to the display unit D2

中的第一子像素j、第二子像素1、第三子像素ο以及第四子像素P的亮度值是由图11所示的对应的3*1个像素(x4、x5、x6 ;y4、y5、y6 ;z4、z5、z6)构成的待显示的图片信息的亮度值经过数据转换而得到的。 The first sub-pixel j, a second subpixel, and a third sub-pixel luminance value ο a fourth sub-pixel P is determined by a 3 * corresponding to the pixels shown in FIG. 11 (x4, x5, x6; y4 , y5, y6; z4, the luminance values ​​of image information z5, z6 be configured) is displayed and the converted data obtained. 对于图11和图12,图12中显示单元cdij (由子像素c、d、1、j组成的显示单元)与图11中像素x4x5x6(由子像素x4、x5、x6组成的像素)对应,即由显示单元cdij来实现像素x4x5x6对应的待显示的图片信息的显示,同理显示单元ijop与像素y4y5y6对应,显示单元opuv与像素z4z5z6对应,因此,亮度值转换关系为: For the FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, FIG. 12, the display unit cdij (the display unit by the sub-pixel c, d, 1, j composition.) FIG. 11 pixels x4x5x6 (pixel sub-pixels x4, x5, x6 composition) corresponds to, i.e., the display means for displaying image information cdij achieved x4x5x6 corresponding pixel to be displayed, the display unit ijop Similarly y4y5y6 corresponding to the pixel, the display unit opuv z4z5z6 corresponding to the pixel, therefore, the luminance value conversion relationship:

[0072] 设L (m)为像素m对应的亮度值,数据转换公式: [0072] provided L (m) is the luminance value of a pixel corresponding to m, the data conversion formula:

[0073] L (j) = L (x4) +L (y4) [0073] L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4)

[0074] L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 [0074] L (i) = L (x5) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2

[0075] L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 [0075] L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2

[0076] L(o) = L (y6) +L (z6) [0076] L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6)

[0077] 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素ο的亮度值,L(p)为第四子像素P的亮度值;公式中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L(x4)、L(x5)、L(x6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素x4、x5、x6的亮度值,L(z4)、L(z5)、L(z6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素z4、z5、z6的亮度值。 [0077] wherein L (j) is a luminance value of a first sub-pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the third sub-pixel luminance value of o, L (p) a luminance value of a fourth sub-pixel P; formula L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents the sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (x4), L (x5), L (x6) represents the sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors x4, the luminance value x5, x6 is, L (z4), L (z5), L (z6) image information represented by the sub-pixels to be displayed in three different colors z4, the luminance value of z5, z6 is. 图11中的子像素x4、x5仅与图12中显示单元cdij中的子像素c、d构成的第一像素对应,图11中的子像素z5、z6仅与图12中显示单元ijop中的子像素O、P构成的第二子像素对应。 FIG 11 sub-pixels x4, x5 in Fig. 12 shows only the unit cdij subpixels C, composed of a first pixel corresponding to d, the sub-pixels in FIG. 11 z5, Z6 ijop display unit only in FIG. 12 sub-pixel O, the second sub-pixel P corresponding configuration.

[0078] 本实施例提供的像素结构通过算法进行渲染,能够得到与Real像素结构相同数目的PPI,但是实际上所需要的子像素的数目得以减少。 [0078] The pixel structure of the present embodiment is provided by rendering algorithms to obtain the same number Real PPI pixel structure, the number of sub-pixels actually required is reduced.

[0079] 与图5的像素结构相对应的阵列基板可如图13所示,相应包括3条栅极扫描线Gl、G2、G3 以及数据线Datal、Data2、Data3、Data4、Data5、Data6。 [0079] The pixel structure of Figure 5 may correspond to the array substrate 13, including three corresponding gate scanning line Gl, G2, G3 and a data line Datal, Data2, Data3, Data4, Data5, Data6. 本领域技术人员知道,对应9个亮度中心的Real结构中相应的需要3条栅极扫描线和9条数据线。 Those skilled in the art know, the brightness center 9 corresponds to the structure of the corresponding Real requires three gate lines and data lines 9. 可见由于像素结构的改进,本实施例中数据线比Real像素结构的数据线数目可以减少1/3。 Due to the improved visibility of the pixel structure, the present embodiment of the data lines than the number of data lines can be reduced Real 1/3 pixel structure.

[0080] 综上所述,本实施例通过增加某些子像素(如红色子像素和蓝色子像素)的宽度,可以有效提高开口率。 [0080] As described above, the present embodiment by increasing the width of certain sub-pixel (e.g., sub-pixel and a blue red sub-pixel), can effectively increase the aperture ratio. 由于子像素宽度增大,可以降低单个像素的工艺难度,同时在相同面积的显示区域内由于像素个数减少,还可以减少数据线的数目,也能降低整体的加工难度。 Since the sub-pixel width increases, the difficulty of the process can be reduced to a single pixel, while due to the reduced number of pixels, but also can reduce the number of data lines in the display region of the same area, can reduce overall processing difficulty. 在每个显示单元中,通过将尺寸较小的绿色子像素与红色子像素和蓝色子像素相配合,可以使绿色子像素尺寸分布更加均匀,提升光学显示效果。 In each display cell by the green sub-pixel smaller size mate with red sub-pixel and the blue sub-pixel, green sub-pixel can be made more uniform size distribution to enhance the optical display. 该像素结构在保持高PPI的显示效果的前提下,还可以减少数据线数目。 The pixel structure while maintaining high display effect of PPI can also reduce the number of data lines.

[0081] 如图14所示,根据本发明的另一些实施例的像素结构,包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,像素阵列中奇数列包括依次重复排列的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数列包括依次重复排列的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素,第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 [0081] As shown in FIG. 14, the pixel structure in accordance with some other embodiments of the present invention, comprising a plurality of rows of sub-pixels, an array of pixels arranged in columns formed, odd column pixel array comprises a first sub-pixel sequentially repeatedly arranged, a second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel comprises a fourth even-numbered columns are sequentially repeatedly arranged sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub size of the pixel is less than the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.

[0082] 对比图5和图14可知,这两个实施例的区别仅在于子像素重复排列的方向有所不同,图5中的子像素在行方向上重复排列,“行”即为水平方向,而图14中的子像素在列方向上重复排列,“列”即为竖直方向,其原理基本一致,本公开中的像素结构对于两种子像素重复排列的方向均可适用。 [0082] FIG. 5 and FIG. 14 comparison shows that the difference between these two embodiment is that only a subset of pixels repeatedly arranged in the different directions, the sub-pixels in FIG. 5 repeatedly arranged in the row direction, "OK" is the horizontal direction, and the sub-pixel 14 in FIG repeatedly arranged in the column direction, and "column" is the vertical direction, which is basically the same principle, the pixel structure of the present disclosure with respect to the direction of the two kinds of sub-pixels are repeatedly arranged can be applied.

[0083] 图14中奇数列(以第一列为例)的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素分别用编号11、12、13、14进列标注,之后重复的子像素依次用15、16……进列标注;偶数列(以第二列为例)的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素分别用编号21、22、23、24进列标注,之后重复的子像素依次用25、26……进列标注。 [0083] FIG. 14 odd column (first column for example) a first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixels 11, 12 into the column marked with numbers, after repeating the sub-pixels sequentially with 15 and 16 into columns denoted ......; even columns (second column for example) a fourth sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the first sub-pixel, respectively numbered 21 , denoted by 23, 24 into the column, after repeated use of sub-pixels 25 and 26 sequentially into the column labeled ....... 同样,第三列的子像素也依次用31、32……进列标注。 Similarly, the third sub-pixel columns are also sequentially into the columns marked with 31 .......

[0084] 同一列上相邻的第一子像素和第二子像素的长宽比如图15所示。 Adjacent to the [0084] same column of the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel aspect ratio shown in Figure 15. 当然,对于第三子像素与第四子像素的长宽比与图15中类似,此处也不再一一列举。 Of course, the aspect ratio for the third sub-pixel and FIG fourth sub-pixel 15 is similar to, but also not enumerated herein.

[0085] 对于上述各个子像素的尺寸说明、可选的尺寸以及对应的子像素的颜色均与上一实施例同理,此处不再赘述。 [0085] For each of the above described size of sub-pixels, the optional size and color sub-pixel corresponding to each Similarly to the previous embodiment, not further described herein.

[0086] 参考图14在列方向上,相邻的第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素,也就是子像素11和12组成第一像素,子像素13和14组成第二像素。 [0086] Referring to FIG 14 in the column direction, adjacent to the first pixel and the second sub-pixels constituting a first sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel adjacent to the fourth sub-pixels and a second pixel, i.e. sub 11 and 12 are composed of a first pixel of pixels, sub-pixels 13 and 14 constituting the second pixel.

[0087] 对于本实施例的像素结构,第一像素(包括子像素11和12)与相邻列的第二像素(包括子像素21和22)组成一个显示单元D3进行显示,如图16所示。 [0087] For the pixel structure of the present embodiment, the first pixel (including sub-pixels 11 and 12) and a second adjacent columns of pixels (including sub-pixels 21 and 22) to form a display on the display unit D3, FIG. 16 shows. 或者,第二像素(包括子像素23和24)与相邻列的第一像素(包括子像素33和34)组成一个显示单元D4进行显示,如图17所示。 Alternatively, the second pixel (sub-pixel including 23 and 24) adjacent to the first pixel row (including sub-pixels 33 and 34) composed of a display unit to display D4, shown in Figure 17. 而且每个第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用,比如子像素13和14构成的第二像素,可以与前一列相邻的子像素11和12构成的第一像素组成一个显示单元,还可以与后一列相邻的子像素31和32构成的第一像素组成一个显示单元。 And each of the first or second pixel are common to two display units, such as the sub-pixels 13 and second pixels 14 and to be adjacent to the former one of the first sub-pixel 11 and pixel 12 is constituted with a display means 31 may also consist of the first 32 pixels and after a pixel adjacent to a sub display unit.

[0088] 而本实施例中显示单元中的亮度中心在该显示单元的中心位置,如图18所示,以显示单元D4为例,亮度中心位于子像素24和33相邻位置,其他显示单元中的亮度中心同理可以确定。 [0088] and the other display unit to display the luminance embodiment the central unit in the central position of the display unit, as shown in FIG. 18, D4 to the display unit as an example, the brightness center is located in the sub-pixels adjacent positions 24 and 33 of the present embodiment, Likewise the luminance center can be determined.

[0089] 以图11所示像素结构的待显示的图片信息转换为图19所示的本实施例像素结构的图片信息为例,其中图11为待显示的图片信息的图片信息对应的像素的结构示意图,每个像素中包括RGB三个颜色的子像素,每个子像素的长宽比为3:1。 [0089] The image information to be displayed in the pixel structure shown in FIG. 11 converts image information of a pixel structure as an example embodiment of the present embodiment shown in FIG. 19, FIG. 11 wherein information is image information of the image to be displayed corresponding to the pixels structural diagram, each pixel comprises three RGB color subpixels, each sub-pixel aspect ratio is 3: 1. 图11中xl、x2、x3构成一个像素,x4、x5、x6构成一个像素,x7、x8、x9构成一个像素。 FIG. 11 xl, x2, x3 constitute one pixel, x4, x5, x6 constitute one pixel, x7, x8, x9 constitute one pixel. 类似地,第二行的yl〜y9也构成三个像素,第三行的zl〜z9也构成三个像素。 Similarly, yl~y9 second row also constitute three pixels, zl~z9 third row constitute three pixels.

[0090] 将图11中的像素结构的待显示的图片信息的亮度值转换为本实施例图19提供的像素结构的亮度值。 [0090] The luminance value of image information to be converted in the pixel structure of FIG. 11 shows a configuration of the present embodiment luminance values ​​of pixels 19 provided in the embodiment of FIG. 例如,图11中各个像素与图19中各个显示单元--对应,显示单元中 For example, FIG. 11 and FIG respective pixels in each of the display unit 19 - corresponding to the display unit

D4的第一子像素n、第二子像素j、第三子像素k以及第四子像素ο的亮度值是由图11所示的1*3个(例如,yl、y2、y3 ;y4、y5、y6 ;y7、y8、y9)像素构成的待显示的图片信息的亮度值经过数据转换而得到的。 N D4 of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel j, k and the third sub-pixel value of the fourth sub-pixel luminance is determined by ο 1 * 3 shown in FIG. 11 (e.g., yl, y2, y3; y4, y5, y6; y7, y8, y9 luminance values ​​of image information to be pixels) display the converted data obtained. 对于图11和图19,显示单元ijmn(由子像素1、j、m、η组成的显示单元)与像素yly2y3(由子像素yl、y2、y3组成的像素)对应,即由显示单元i jmn来实现像素yly2y3对应的待显示的图片信息的显示,同样显示单元jkno与像素y4y5y6对应,显示单元klop与像素y7y8y9对应,因此,亮度值转换关系例如为: For FIGS. 11 and 19, the display unit ijmn (sub-pixels 1, j, m, η composed of the display unit) the pixel yly2y3 (pixel sub-pixels yl, y2, y3 composition) corresponds to, i.e., is achieved by the display unit i jmn display image information corresponding to pixels to be displayed yly2y3, likewise the display unit jkno y4y5y6 corresponding to the pixel, the display unit klop y7y8y9 corresponding to the pixel, therefore, the luminance value conversion relation, for example:

[0091] 设L(m)为像素m对应的亮度值,数据转换公式: [0091] provided L (m) is the luminance value of a pixel corresponding to m, the data conversion formula:

[0092] L (n) = L(yl)+L(y4) [0092] L (n) = L (yl) + L (y4)

[0093] L(j) = L(y2)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 [0093] L (j) = L (y2) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2

[0094] L(o) = L(y5)*l/2+L(y8)*l/2 [0094] L (o) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (y8) * l / 2

[0095] L (k) =L (y6) +L (y9) [0095] L (k) = L (y6) + L (y9)

[0096] 其中L(n)为第一子像素n的亮度值,L(j)为第二子像素j的亮度值,L(k)为第三子像素k的亮度值,L(O)为第四子像素ο的亮度值;公式中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L(yl)、L(y2)、L(y3)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素yl、12、y3的亮度值,L(y7)、L(y8)、L(y9)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y7、y8、y9的亮度值。 [0096] where L (n) is the luminance value of the first sub-pixel n, L (j) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel j, L (k) is the third sub-pixel luminance values ​​of k, L (O) a luminance value of the fourth sub-pixel ο; formula L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents the sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (yl), L (y2), L (y3) represents a sub-pixel yl image information to be displayed in three different colors, the luminance value 12, y3 is, L (y7), L (y8), L (y9) image information represented by the sub-pixels to be displayed in three different colors y7, y8, y9 of the luminance value. 图11中的子像素yl、y2仅与图19中显示单元ijmn中的子像素1、m构成的第一像素对应,图11中的子像素y8、y9仅与图19中显示单元klop中的子像素l、p构成的第二像素对应。 Sub-pixel 11 in FIG yl, y2 ijmn only the display sub-pixel unit 1 in FIG. 19, corresponding to m pixels constituting the first sub-pixels in FIG. 11 y8, y9 klop shows only the unit in FIG. 19 subpixel l, corresponding to the second configuration of the pixel p. 本实施例提供的像素结构通过算法进行渲染,能够得到与Real像素结构相同数目的PPI,但是实际上所需要的子像素的数目得以减少。 The pixel structure of the present embodiment will be provided by the rendering algorithm, it is possible to obtain the same number Real PPI pixel structure, the number of sub-pixels actually required is reduced.

[0097] 与图14的像素结构相对应的阵列基板可如图20所示,相应包括3条栅极扫描线GU G2、G3、G4、G5、G6及Datal、Data2、Data3,本领域技术人员知道,对应9个亮度中心的Real像素结构中相应的需要3条栅极扫描线和9条数据线。 [0097] The pixel structure of the array substrate corresponding to FIG. 14 may be shown in Figure 20, comprising three respective gate scanning line GU G2, G3, G4, G5, G6 and Datal, Data2, Data3, those skilled in the art know, Real brightness of the pixel structure corresponding to the center of the nine requires three corresponding gate scanning line and data line 9. 可见由于像素结构的改进,本实施例中数据线比Real像素结构的数据线数目可以减少2/3,本实施例中数据线比Rainbow像素结构的数据线数目可以减少1/3。 Due to the improved visibility of the pixel structure, the present embodiment of the data lines than the number of data lines can be reduced Real 2/3 pixel structure, the present embodiment, the data lines than the number of data lines can be reduced Rainbow 1/3 pixel structure.

[0098] 本实施例提供的像素结构也能实现上述像素结构的技术效果,此处也不再赘述。 [0098] The pixel structure of the present embodiment can be provided to achieve the technical effect of the above-described pixel structure, it is also omitted herein.

[0099] 根据本发明的再一实施例的一种显示方法,步骤流程如图21所示,该显示方法包括: [0099] A display method according to another embodiment of the present invention to an embodiment, the flow of steps shown in Figure 21, the display method comprising:

[0100] 步骤S10、输入待显示的图片信息; [0100] Step S10, the input image information to be displayed;

[0101] 步骤S20、对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换,转换为对应显示像素阵列; [0101] step S20, the image information displayed treatment data conversion, into a corresponding array of display pixels;

[0102] 显示像素阵列包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,显示像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素; [0102] array of display pixels comprising a plurality of sub-pixels in a row, a column arrangement of the pixel array is formed, the array of display pixels comprising the odd lines of the first sub-pixel sequentially repeated, a second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel, sequentially repeated even row comprising a fourth sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel;

[0103] 其中第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 [0103] wherein the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel size is less than the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.

[0104] 其中显示像素阵列中在行方向上相邻的第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素。 [0104] wherein the display pixels adjacent in the row direction in the first array and a second sub-pixel a sub-pixels of the first pixel, the third sub-pixel and the adjacent pixels a second fourth sub-pixel.

[0105] 显示过程中,第一像素与相邻行的第二像素组成一个显示单元进行显示,或者,第二像素与相邻行的第一像素组成一个显示单元进行显示;每个第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用。 [0105] is displayed, the first pixel and the second pixel adjacent rows constitute a display unit to display, or a second pixel adjacent to the first pixel row to form a display unit for displaying; each first pixel or the second pixel are common to two display units.

[0106] 步骤S20中对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换包括: [0106] Step S20 treat image information displayed in the data conversion comprising:

[0107] 例如,图11中各个像素与图12中各个显示单元一一对应,显示单元D2中的第一子像素j、第二子像素1、第三子像素ο以及第四子像素P的亮度值是由图11所示的对应的3*1个像素(x4、x5、x6 ;y4、y5、y6 ;z4、z5、z6)构成的待显示的图片信息的亮度值经过数据转换而得到的。 [0107] For example, FIG. 11 of each pixel 12 in the display unit of FIG respective one correspondence, to display the first sub-pixel j in cell D2, a second subpixel, and a third sub-pixel ο fourth sub-pixel P 3 * is the luminance value of one pixel (x4, x5, x6; y4, y5, y6; z4, z5, z6) shown in FIG. 11 corresponding to the luminance value of the image information to be displayed and the converted data constituting the obtained of. 对于图11和图12,图12中显示单元cdij (由子像素c、d、1、j组成的显示单元)与图11中像素x4x5x6 (由子像素x4、x5、x6组成的像素)对应,即由显示单元cdij来实现像素x4x5x6对应的待显示的图片信息的显示,同理显示单元ijop与像素y4y5y6对应,显示单元opuv与像素z4z5z6对应,因此,亮度值转换关系为:设L(m)为像素m对应的亮度值,数据转换公式: For the FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, FIG. 12, the display unit cdij (the display unit by the sub-pixel c, d, 1, j composition.) FIG. 11 pixels x4x5x6 (pixel sub-pixels x4, x5, x6 composition) corresponds to, i.e., the display means for displaying image information cdij achieved x4x5x6 corresponding pixel to be displayed, the display unit ijop Similarly y4y5y6 corresponding to the pixel, the display unit opuv z4z5z6 corresponding to the pixel, therefore, the luminance value conversion relationship: Let L (m) is a pixel m corresponding to the luminance value, the data conversion formula:

[0108] L(j) = L(x4)+L(y4) [0108] L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4)

[0109] L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 [0109] L (i) = L (x5) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2

[0110] L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 [0110] L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2

[0111] L(o) = L (y6) +L (z6) [0111] L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6)

[0112] 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素ο的亮度值,L(p)为第四子像素P的亮度值;公式中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L(x4)、L(x5)、L(x6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素x4、x5、x6的亮度值,L(z4)、L(z5)、L(z6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素z4、z5、z6的亮度值。 [0112] wherein L (j) is a luminance value of a first sub-pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the third sub-pixel luminance value of o, L (p) a luminance value of a fourth sub-pixel P; formula L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents the sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (x4), L (x5), L (x6) represents the sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors x4, the luminance value x5, x6 is, L (z4), L (z5), L (z6) image information represented by the sub-pixels to be displayed in three different colors z4, the luminance value of z5, z6 is.

[0113] 其中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素待显示的图片信息同理,对应图11经亮度值转换后得到的图19的像素结构,其各个子像素的亮度值也同上述对L(n)、L(j)、L(o)、L(k)转换公式得到,此处不再赘述。 [0113] where L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents image information of the sub image information to be displayed in three different colors of pixels to be displayed Similarly, to obtain the corresponding luminance value conversion after 11 the pixel structure of FIG. 19, the luminance value of each sub-pixel which is also the same for the above L (n), L (j), L (o), L (k) conversion formula obtained, is not repeated here.

[0114] 本发明的再一实施例中还提供一种显示面板,包括以上的像素结构,该显示面板为液晶显示面板或有机发光二极管显示面板。 [0114] another embodiment of the present invention, a further embodiment provides a display panel including the above pixel structure of the display panel is a liquid crystal display panel or an organic light emitting diode display panel.

[0115] 该显示面板的技术效果同上述实施例,此处不再赘述。 [0115] A technical effect of the display panel with the above-described embodiment, not further described herein.

[0116] 本领域技术人员应当意识到在不脱离本发明所附的权利要求所公开的本发明的范围和精神的情况下所作的变动与润饰,均属本发明的权利要求的保护范围之内。 [0116] It should be appreciated that those skilled in the art within the scope of protection made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention disclosed in the accompanying claims disclosed changes and modifications, the claims belong to the present invention. .

Claims (12)

  1. 1.一种像素结构,包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,其特征在于: 所述像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复排列的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复排列的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素; 其中第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 1. A pixel structure comprising a plurality of sub-pixels in rows and columns of pixels arranged in an array form, wherein: the pixel array includes a first odd-numbered rows are sequentially repeatedly arranged sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub- pixel, the fourth sub-pixel comprises a fourth even-numbered rows are sequentially repeatedly arranged sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel; wherein the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is less than the first size and the size of the third sub-pixel sub-pixels.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的像素结构,其特征在于,所述第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在列方向上的长度相等,所述第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:X:1:X,其中0〈X〈1。 2. The pixel structure according to claim 1, wherein the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixel is equal to the length in the column direction, the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixels in the row direction than the width of the fourth sub-pixels is 1: X: 1: X, where 0 <X <1.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的像素结构,其特征在于,所述第一子像素、所述第二子像素、所述第三子像素、所述第四子像素的在行方向上的宽度比为1:1/2:1:1/2,且所述第一子像素为红色子像素,所述第三子像素为蓝色子像素,所述第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素,或者所述第一子像素为蓝色子像素,所述第三子像素为红色子像素,所述第二子像素和第四子像素为绿色子像素。 3. The pixel structure according to claim 1, wherein the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel width in the row direction of the fourth sub-pixel ratio 1: 1/2: 1: 1/2, and the first sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is green sub-pixel, or the first sub-pixel is a blue sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel is a red sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel is a green sub-pixel.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的像素结构,其特征在于,在行方向上,相邻的所述第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素。 The pixel structure according to claim 1, characterized in that, in the row direction, adjacent to the first sub-pixel and a second sub-pixels of the first pixel, adjacent third and fourth subpixels a second pixel sub-pixels.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的像素结构,其特征在于,所述第一像素与相邻行的第二像素组成一个显示单元进行显示,或者,所述第二像素与相邻行的第一像素组成一个显示单元进行显示;每个所述第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用。 The pixel structure according to claim 4, wherein the first pixel and the second pixel adjacent rows constitute a display unit displaying, or the first and the second pixel adjacent rows pixels constituting a display unit for displaying; each of said first or second pixel are common to two display units.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的像素结构,其特征在于,所述显示单元中的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素以及第四子像素的亮度值分别由待显示的图片信息对应的像素的亮度值经过亮度值转换而得到,亮度值转换关系为: L(j) = L(x4)+L(y4) L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 L(o) = L(y6)+L(z6) 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素ο的亮度值,L(p)为第四子像素P的亮度值; 其中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L(x4)、L(x5)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第一像素对应的像素中的两个子像素x4、x5的亮度值,L(z5)、L(z6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第二像素对应的像素中的两个子像素z5、z6的亮度值,且x4、y4和第一子像素j为同种颜 Image pixel structure as claimed in claim 5 second sub-pixel, characterized in that the display unit of the first sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the luminance value of the fourth sub-pixels are to be displayed by the luminance value information corresponding to the pixels through the luminance value conversion obtained, the luminance value conversion relationship: L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4) L (i) = L (x5) * l / 2 + L ( y5) * l / 2 L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2 L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6) wherein L (j) is a first the luminance value of the sub pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the third sub-pixel luminance value of o, L (p) is the luminance value of the fourth sub-pixel P; wherein L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) y4 represents a sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors, y5, y6 of the luminance value, L (x4), L (x5) representing the said image information to be displayed only luminance values ​​of the two sub-pixels corresponding to the first display unit pixels x4, x5 is, L (z5), L (z6) represents the image information to be displayed only z5 with two sub-pixels of the display unit corresponding to the pixels of the second pixel, the luminance value z6, and x4, y4, and j is the first sub-pixel color isotype ,x5、y5、z5和第二子像素1、第四子像素P为同种颜色,y6、z6和第三子像素ο为同种颜色。 , X5, y5, z5 and second sub-pixels, a fourth sub-pixel P of the same color, y6, z6, and the third sub-pixel ο is the same color.
  7. 7.—种显示方法,其特征在于,包括: 输入待显示的图片信息; 对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换,转换为对应显示像素阵列; 所述显示像素阵列包括多个子像素以行、列排列形成的像素阵列,所述显示像素阵列中奇数行包括依次重复的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素、第四子像素,偶数行包括依次重复的第四子像素、第三子像素、第二子像素、第一子像素; 其中第二子像素和第四子像素的大小均小于第一子像素和第三子像素的大小。 7.- kinds of display method comprising: an input image information to be displayed; treat image information displayed in the data conversion, into a corresponding array of display pixels; pixel array comprising a plurality of the display sub-pixels in rows, arranged in columns, forming a pixel array, said array of display pixels comprising the odd lines of the first sub-pixel sequentially repeated, a second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, the fourth sub-pixels, the even rows comprising a fourth sub-pixel sequentially repeated, third sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, a first sub-pixel; wherein the second sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel size is less than the first sub-pixel and the third sub-pixel size.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的显示方法,其特征在于,显示过程中,所述显示像素阵列中在行方向上相邻的所述第一子像素和第二子像素组成一个第一像素,相邻的第三子像素和第四子像素组成一个第二像素。 The display method according to claim 7, characterized in that, during the display, the display pixels adjacent in the row direction of the first array and a second sub-pixel a first pixel sub-pixels, with third sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel adjacent to a second pixel composition.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的显示方法,其特征在于,显示过程中,所述第一像素与相邻行的第二像素组成一个显示单元进行显示,或者,所述第二像素与相邻行的第一像素组成一个显示单元进行显示;每个所述第一像素或第二像素均被两个显示单元共用。 9. The display method according to claim 8, characterized in that, during the display, the first pixel and the second pixel adjacent rows constitute a display unit to display, or the second pixel adjacent the first row of pixels constituting a display unit for displaying; each of said first or second pixel are common to two display units.
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的显示方法,其特征在于,所述对待显示的图片信息进行数据转换包括: 所述显示单元中的第一子像素、第二子像素、第三子像素以及第四子像素的亮度值分别由待显示的图片信息对应的像素的亮度值经过亮度值转换而得到,亮度值转换关系为: L(j) = L(x4)+L(y4) L(i) = L(x5)*l/2+L(y5)*l/2 L(p) = L(y5)*l/2+L(z5)*l/2 L(o) = L(y6)+L(z6) 其中L(j)为第一子像素j的亮度值,L (i)为第二子像素i的亮度值,L (ο)为第三子像素ο的亮度值,L(p)为第四子像素P的亮度值; 其中L(y4)、L(y5)、L(y6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中三种不同颜色的子像素y4、y5、y6的亮度值,L(x4)、L(x5)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第一像素对应的像素中的两个子像素x4、x5的亮度值,L(z5)、L(z6)表示所述待显示的图片信息中仅与该显示单元中第二像素对应的像素中的两个子像素z5、 10. The display method according to claim 9, wherein said treatment data displayed image information converter comprising: a first sub-pixel unit in the display, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the second L (j) = L (x4) + L (y4) L (i): the luminance value of four sub-pixels, respectively, image information corresponding to luminance values ​​of pixels after the luminance value conversion obtained, the luminance value conversion relation is made to be displayed = L (x5) * l / 2 + L (y5) * l / 2 L (p) = L (y5) * l / 2 + L (z5) * l / 2 L (o) = L (y6) + L (z6) wherein L (j) is a luminance value of a first sub-pixel j, L (i) is the luminance value of the second sub-pixel i, L (ο) is the third sub-pixel luminance value of o, L (p ) is the luminance value of the fourth sub-pixel P; wherein L (y4), L (y5), L (y6) represents a sub-pixel image information to be displayed in three different colors y4, y5, y6 luminance value of , L (x4), L (x5) represented by two sub-pixels to be displayed in the image information only corresponding to the display unit in the first pixel luminance value x4, x5 is, L (z5), L ( Z6) represents two subpixels z5-pixel image information to be displayed only in the display unit corresponding to the second pixel, z6的亮度值,且x4、y4和第一子像素j为同种颜色,x5、y5、z5和第二子像素1、第四子像素P为同种颜色,y6、z6和第三子像素ο为同种颜色。 Z6 luminance value, and x4, y4, and j is the first sub-pixels of the same color, x5, y5, z5 and second sub-pixels, a fourth sub-pixel P of the same color, Y6, and the third sub-pixel z6 ο is the same color.
  11. 11.一种显示面板,其特征在于,包括权利要求1-6中任一项所述的像素结构。 A display panel comprising a pixel structure as claimed in any one of the claims.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的显示面板,其特征在于,所述显示面板为液晶显示面板或有机发光二极管显示面板。 12. The display panel of claim 11, wherein said display panel is a liquid crystal display panel or an organic light emitting diode display panel.
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